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HEALTH TEACHING PLAN

OBJECTIVES CONTENT METHODOLOGY

General:
After 4 days of holistic
student nurse-patient
interaction, the patient
will be able to gain
knowledge, skills and
attitude in dealing with
the condition traumatic
brain injury.

Specific:
After 4 hours of holistic
student nurse-patient
interaction, the patient
will be able to;

1. define Traumatic
Brain Injury Also known as DISCUSSION
intracranial injury
and/or TBI.
Is a substantial
head injury that
results in
damage to the
brain. This
damage can
cause a wide
spectrum of
possible health
outcomes
The brain is
launched into a
collision course
with the inside of
the skull,
resulting in
possible bruising
of the brain,
tearing of the
nerve fibers and
bleeding.
Is a complex
injury with a
broad spectrum
of symptoms and
disabilities

2. identify the causes DISCUSSION


Bullets or
of brain traumatic smashed piece
injury of skull
penetrating brain
tissue
Falls
Vehicle accidents
Severe jolt or
blow to the head
Open head injury
Closed head
injury
Deceleration
injury
Chemical/toxic
Hypoxia
Infections
Stroke
3. determine Headache that DISCUSSION
symptoms of brain gets worse and
traumatic injury that does not go
needs to be reported away.
immediately Weakness,
numbness or
decreased
coordination.
Repeated
vomiting or
nausea
Confusion
Fatigue(tiredness
and lethargy)
Becoming more
easily distracted
Loss of sense of
smell and taste
Moodiness
Persistent pain in
the back
Light
headedness
Dizziness
Tinnitus
Always wear a
4. identify preventive DISCUSSION
seatbelt in a
measures to avoid
motor vehicle
brain traumatic injury
Never drive
under the
influence of
alcohol or drugs

Always wear a
helmet when on
bicycle,
motorcycle,
scooter, and
other open
unrestrained
vehicles.

Use the rails on


stairways

Provide
adequate
lightning,
especially on
stairs for people
with poor vision
or who have
difficulty walking

Keep firearms
unloaded in a
locked cabinet or
safe
Handwashing
Removing the old
5. Demonstrate on how Dressing DEMONSTRATION
to do wound dressing Carefully loosen
properly the tape from
your skin.
Use a clean (not
sterile) medical
glove to grab the
old dressing and
pull it off.
If the dressing
sticks to the
wound, wet it
and try again,
unless your
provider
instructed you to
pull it off dry.
Put the old
dressing in a
plastic bag and
set it aside.

Caring for the Wound

You may use a gauze


pad or soft cloth to
clean the skin around
your wound:

Use a normal
saline solution
(salt water) or
mild soapy water.
Soak the gauze
or cloth in the
saline solution or
soapy water, and
gently dab or
wipe the skin
with it.

Try to remove all


drainage and any
dried blood or
other matter that
may have built
up on the skin.

Putting on the new


Dressing
Place the clean
dressing on the wound
as your provider taught
you to. You may be
using a wet-to-dry
dressing.
Clean your hands
when you are finished.
Throw away the old
dressing and other
used supplies in a
waterproof plastic bag.
Close it tightly, then
double it before putting
it in the trash.
Wash any soiled
laundry from the
dressing change
separately from other
laundry. Ask your
provider if you need to
add bleach to the wash
water.
Use a dressing only
once. Never reuse it.