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A 0

PERFORMANCE EQUATIONS FOR NTH-ORDER KINETICS


Case Plug Flow/Batch/PFR Mixed Flow/CSTR
n0 k C CA k C CA
A0 XA A0 XA
rA k C A0 C A0 C A0 C A0

n 1 C A0 1 C A0 C A XA
k ln k
rA kC A CA 1 X A CA 1 X A

n2 k C A0
C A0 C A

XA
k
C A0 C A
XA
rA kC A 2 CA 1 X A CA 2
C A0 1 X A
2

any n C
1 n
k
C A0 C A
XA
n 1 C A0 1 1 X A
1 n
n 1
k A 1
C A0 n 1 1 X A
n n
rA kC A n C A0 CA

n 1 C C C Ae X Ae
k1
C A0 C A C A0 C Ae
X A X Ae
k1 1 Ae ln A0 X Ae ln

A 1
R C A0 C A C Ae X Ae X A C A0 C A C Ae X Ae X A
2

CR 0 0

General CA0 dC A X Ae dX C A 0 C A C A0 X A
Rate A

CA rA 0 rA rAf rAf

A 0
PERFORMANCE EQUATIONS FOR NTH-ORDER KINETICS
Case Plug Flow/Batch/PFR Mixed Flow/CSTR
n0 k k
XA XA
rA k C A0 C A0

n 1 1 X A 1 A X A
k 1 A ln AX A k
rA kC A 1 X A 1 X A

n2 X X A 1 A X A
2
k C A0 2 A 1 A ln 1 X A A 2 X A A 1 A
2

1 X A k C A0
rA kC A2 1 X A
2

X A 1 A X A
n
any n
k C A0 n 1

rA kC An 1 X A
n

n 1 k X Ae k X 1 A X A
1 A X Ae ln AX A A

1 X Ae X Ae X A X Ae X Ae X A
A R
2

CR 0 0
General XA dX A C A0 X A
Rate
0 rA rA

CA XA
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AND
aA bB rR

Case Description Formula


I Constant Density VX A 1 VX A 0
Batch and Flow A 0
VX A 0
Systems
CA dC A
X A 1 dX A
C A0 C A0
and
Changes in Components
C A0 C A C B 0 C B C R C R 0

a b r
or
C A 0 X A CB 0 X B

a b
II Batch and Flow V V0 1 A X A
Systems of Gases
of Changing VX A 1 VX A 0
Density with T A 0
and Constant VX A 0

C A0 C A C A0 1 A
XA dX A dC A
C A 0 AC A
2
C A 0 AC A
and
CA 1 X A dC A 1 A
dX A
1 A X A
2
C A0 1 A X A C A0
and
Changes in Components
r CR 0
C XA
a C A0
between R
X B XB C A0 1 A X A
between A A inerts
a A b B C
I
1
reactants
C A0 C B 0 CI0 1 A X A
III Batch and Flow C A T 0
Systems of Gases 1
in General
C A0 T0
XA
(varying , T and C T 0 CA 1 X A T0
1 A A
) C A0 T0 C A 0 1 A X A T 0
aA bB rR or
ab r CB 0 CB T 0

C A0 C A0 T0 CB 0 b
XA XA
b C T 0 CB C A0 a T0
A B
a C A0 T0 C A0 1 A X A T 0
or

CR 0 r
XA
CR C A0 a T0

C A0 1 A X A T 0

Changes in Components
a A b B C A 0 X A CB 0 X B

C A0 CB 0 a b
and