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Compound : Aspirin

by Seen Wattanawaragorn (Seen) Section 11-03

1. What is the purpose of your compound? How is it useful?

Aspirin or Acetylsalicylic Acid (C9H8O4) is an anti-inflammatory drug


used for lowering fewer and a remedy for body pain and aches, such as
toothache, muscle pain and headaches. It is used widely in medical field.

2. What is the starting material to make your product?

The reactants for this particular synthesis are 1 gram of salicylic acid
(CHO) and 3-mL acetic anhydride ( (CHCO)O ).
CHO + (CHCO)O C9H8O4 +CH3COOH

3. What is the % yield given in the paper?

The % yield given in this paper is 60%.

4. How many grams of product were made?

The product made was 0.780 grams.

5. How many moles of product were made?

1 mol aspirin
0.780 grams 180.157 grams = 0.00433 moles of product was made.

6. How many grams of product would be produced if they obtained a 95%


yield?
theoretical yield = 1.000g salicyclic acid
1 mol salicyclic acid 1 mol aspirin 180.157 grams aspirin

138.121 grams

1 mol salicyclic acid

1 mol aspirin
= 1.304grams

actual yield
%yield = t h eoretical yield 100

actual yield
95% yield = 1.304 grams 100
95 1.304 grams
actual yield = 100
actual yield = 1.239 grams

Actual yield would be 1.239 grams.

7. If they started with 5.00 grams of starting material, how much product
could they have theoretically made?

Grams of starting material=1 gram, grams of product = 0.780 grams

5.00 grams salicylic acid


1 mol Salicylic acid 1 mol Aspirin 180.157 grams Aspirin

138.12 grams salicylic acid 1mol Salicylic acid

1 mol Aspirin
= 6.52
grams of aspirin

8. If we needed to make 10.0 grams of product, how much starting


material would we need to use?

g of salicylic acid
1 mol Salicylic acid 1 mol Aspirin 180.157 grams Aspirin

138.12 grams Salicylic acid 1 mol Salicylic acid

1 mol Aspirin
= 1.304
g Aspirin

actual yield
60% yield = t h eoretical yield 100
10.0 grams Aspirin
60% yield = 1.304 grams Aspirin 100
=12.8 grams salicylic acid

It requires 12.8 grams of starting material to make 10.0 grams of product.