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Project Spreadsheets to EC2 The Concrete Centre

Client Point No 2 in concourse beam Made by Date Page


Location Grid line 1 rmw 2-Apr-17 202
FLEXURAL CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION to BS EN 1992-1 : 2004 Checked Revision Job No
Originated from TCC14.xls v3.1 on CD 2002-2005 BCA for RCC RECTANGULAR chg - FB625

LEGEND

INPUT
fck = 40 MPa Area of tension steel, As = 8500 mm2
fyk = 500 MPa d= 940 mm
b= 500 mm Area of compression steel, As = 2 1000 mm2
h= 1000 mm d = 2 60 mm
QP moment, M = 2093 KNm Maxmum tension bar spacing, S = 100 mm
Age at cracking = 28 days Max tension bar dia, eq = 25 mm
Cement type = N (S, N, or R) Short term or long term ? L (S or L)
Creep factor, = 2.6 Cover to As, c = 38 mm

CALCULATIONS
modulus of elasticity of concrete = 22[(fck+8)/10]0.3 Ecm = 35.2 GPa
moduli of elasticity of steel Es = 200.0 GPa
Modular ratio e = 20.44
mean concrete strength at cracking fcm,t = 48.00 MPa
mean concrete tensile strength fct,eff = 3.51 MPa
uncracked neutral axis depth
[bh/2+(e-1)(Asd+As2d2)]/[bh+(e-1)(As+As2)] xu = 593.71 mm
uncracked 2nd moment of area
bh/12+bh(h/2-x)+(e-1)[As(d-x)+As2(x-d2)] Iu = 71413 mm4 106
cracking moment = fctI/(h-x) Mcr = 616.74 kNm
< 2093 kNm section is CRACKED
fully cracked neutral axis depth
(-Ase-As2(e-1)+[{Ase+As2(e-1)}+2b{Ased+As2d2(e-1)}])/b xc = 512.10 mm
concrete stress = M/[bx(d-x/3)/2+(e-1)As2(x-d2)/x(d-d2)] c = 18.425 MPa
stress in tension steel = ce(d-x)/x s = 314.7 MPa
effective tension area = min[2.5(h-d), (h-x)/3, h/2]b - As Ac,eff = 66500 mm2
As /Ac,eff p,eff = 0.1278
max final crack spacing = min[1.3/(h-x),3.4c+0.17/ p,eff)] sr,max = 160.8 mm
average strain for crack width calculation sm-cm = 1375.3 strain
CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH Wk = 0.221 mm
Project Spreadsheets to EC2
Client Point No 2 in concourse beam
Location Grid line 2
FLEXURAL CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION to BS EN 1992-1 : 2004

Originated from TCC14.xls v3.1 on CD 2002-2005 BCA for RCC COMPRESSION

LEGEND

INPUT
fck = 35 MPa Area of tension steel, As =
fyk = 500 MPa
bw = 300 mm Area of compression steel, As =
2

h= 450 mm
bf = 2170 mm Maxmum tension bar spacing, S =
hf = 125 mm Max tension bar dia, eq =
QP moment, M = 114.2 KNm Short term or long term ?
Age at cracking = 14 days Cover to As, c =
Cement type = R (S, N, or R)
Creep factor, = 2.0
CALCULATIONS modulus of elasticity of concrete = 22[(fck+8)/10]0.3
moduli of elasticity of steel
Modular ratio
mean concrete strength at cracking
mean concrete tensile strength
uncracked neutral axis depth
[bwh/2+(bf-bw)hf/2+(e-1)(Asd+As2d2)]/[bwh+(bf-bw)hf+(e-1)(As+As2)]
uncracked 2nd moment of area
bwh/12+bwh(h/2-x)+(bf-bw)hf/12+(bf-bw)hf(x-hf/2)+(e-1)[As(d-x)+As2(x-d2)]
cracking moment = fctI/(h-x)
< 114.2 kNm
fully cracked x (within flange)
concrete stress (x within flange)
stress in tension steel = ce(d-x)/x
effective tension area = min[2.5(h-d), (h-x)/3, h/2]bw - As
As /Ac,eff
max final crack spacing = min[1.3/(h-x),3.4c+0.17/ p,eff)]
average strain for crack width calculation
CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH
The Concrete Centre
Made by Date Page
rmw 2-Apr-17 33
TEE IN Checked Revision Job No
COMPRESSION chg - FB625

of tension steel, As = 1473 mm2


d= 399.5 mm
mpression steel, As =
2 236 mm2
d =
2 33 mm
sion bar spacing, S = 87 mm
ension bar dia, eq = 25 mm
t term or long term ? L (S or L)
Cover to As, c = 38 mm

Ecm = 34.1 GPa


Es = 200.0 GPa
e = 17.61
fcm,t = 39.58 MPa
fct,eff = 2.95 MPa

xu = 138.21 mm

Iu = 6653 mm4 106


Mcr = 63.05 kNm
section is CRACKED
xc = 85.53 mm
c = 3.234 MPa
s = 209.0 MPa
Ac,eff = 34974 mm2
p,eff = 0.0421
sr,max = 230.1 mm
sm-cm = 800.8 strain
Wk = 0.184 mm
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

ENTER DATA IN BLUE CELLS ONLY.


RED MESSAGES INDICATE ENTRY ERRORS.

Table 3.1

Table 3.1 & equation (3.4)


Table 3.1
Below
x is within flange 0 Within

Below
7.3.2 (3) Within
7.3.4 (2)
Equations (7.11) & (7.14)
Equation (7.9)
Equation (7.8) 1
a b c
-150 263604.55 25099852 90.552 bx^2/2 - bx^2 - x[(bf-bw)hf + (ae-1)As' + ae.As]
-1085 29854.548 10490477 85.529 bf.x^2/2 - bf.x^2 - x[(ae-1)As' + ae.As] + (ae-1)A
f z m
33.657 200.57774 5.9594776 3.7553
Within 3.2342 M/[bfx(d-x/3)/2+(e-1)As2(x-d2)/x(d-d
w)hf + (ae-1)As' + ae.As] + (bf-bw)hf^2/2 + (ae-1)As'd' + ae.As.d = 0
e-1)As' + ae.As] + (ae-1)As'd' + ae.As.d = 0

2
(x-d2)/x(d-d2)]
Project Spreadsheets to EC2
Client Point No 2 in concourse beam
Location Grid line 2
FLEXURAL CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION to BS EN 1992-1 : 2004 TEE IN
Originated from TCC14.xls v3.1 on CD 2002-2005 BCA for RCC TENSION

LEGEND

INPUT
fck = 35 MPa Area of tension steel, As =
fyk = 500 MPa d=
bw = 300 mm Area of compression steel, As = 2

h= 450 mm d = 2

bf = 1222 mm Maxmum tension bar spacing, S =


hf = 125 mm Max tension bar dia, eq =
QP moment, M = 147 KNm Short term or long term ?
Age at cracking = 14 days Cover to As, c =
Cement type = R (S, N, or R)
Creep factor, = 2.0
CALCULATIONS modulus of elasticity of concrete = 22[(fck+8)/10]0.3 Ecm =
moduli of elasticity of steel Es =
Modular ratio e =
mean concrete strength at cracking fcm,t =
mean concrete tensile strength fct,eff =
uncracked neutral axis depth
[bwh/2+(bf-bw)hf(h-hf/2)+(e-1)(Asd+As2d2)]/[bwh+(bf-bw)hf+(e-1)(As+As2)] xu =
uncracked 2nd moment of area
bwh/12+bwh(h/2-x)+(bf-bw)hf/12+(bf-bw)hf(h-x-hf/2)+(e-1)[As(d-x)+As2(x-d2)] Iu =
cracking moment = fctI/(h-x) Mcr =
< 147 kNm section is
fully cracked neutral axis depth
(-Ase-As2(e-1)+[{Ase+As2(e-1)}+2b{Ased+As2d2(e-1)}])/bw xc =
concrete stress = M/[bx(d-x/3)/2+(e-1)As2(x-d2)/x(d-d2)] c =
stress in tension steel = ce(d-x)/x s =
height of tension zone = min[2.5(h-d), (h-x)/3, h/2] hc,eff =
effective tension area Ac,eff =
As /Ac,eff p,eff =
max final crack spacing = min[1.3/(h-x),3.4c+0.17/ p,eff)] sr,max =
average strain for crack width calculation sm-cm =
CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH Wk =
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
The Concrete Centre
Made by Date Page ENTER DATA IN BLUE CELLS ONLY.
RED MESSAGES INDICATE ENTRY ERRORS.
rmw 2-Apr-17 33
Checked Revision Job No
chg - FB625

1000 mm2
417 mm
236 mm2
34 mm
87.4 mm
10 mm
L (S or L)
28 mm

34.1 GPa Table 3.1


200.0 GPa
17.61
39.58 MPa Table 3.1 & equation (3.4)
2.95 MPa Table 3.1
303.18 mm ' =

4572 mm4 106


92.01 kNm
CRACKED

162.73 mm
14.638 MPa
402.7 MPa s > 0.8fyk
82.50 mm
99815 mm2 7.3.2 (3)
0.0100 7.3.4 (2)
264.9 mm Equations (7.11) & (7.14)
1319.6 strain Equation (7.9)
0.350 mm Equation (7.8) 1
0.0019 = 0.0080
National Annex values
EC2 Ref Function Value
7.2 (2) k1 0.6 stress limit - concrete
7.2 (3) k2 0.45 linear creep limit
7.2 (5) k3 0.8 stress limit - steel
7.3.4 (3) k3 3.4 Equation (7.11) factor
7.3.4 (3) k4 0.425 Equation (7.11) factor
Notes

Disclaimer
All advice or information from the British Cement Association and/or The Concrete Centre is intended fo
those who will evaluate the significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use an
application. No liability (including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice or informatio
is accepted by the BCA, TCC or their subcontractors, suppliers or advisors. Users should note that all TC
software and publications are subject to revision from time to time and should therefore ensure that they ar
in possession of the latest version.

This spreadsheet should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication 'User Guide R
Spreadsheets: v3' available from The Concrete Bookshop, www.concretebookshop.com, Tel +44 (0)700
607777 or +44 (0)1276 607140

Status of spreadsheet
First public release

Revision history TCC14 Crack Width


Date Version
28-Feb-07 TCC14 v3.1

28-Jun-06 TCC14 v3.0

3-Feb-05 TCC14 v1.0


30-Apr-03 RCCen14 4
26-Mar-03 RCCen14 3
21-Dec-01 RCCen14 2
31-Aug-01 RCCen14 1

Page 19
Notes

ormation from the British Cement Association and/or The Concrete Centre is intended for
valuate the significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use and
liability (including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice or information
he BCA, TCC or their subcontractors, suppliers or advisors. Users should note that all TCC
blications are subject to revision from time to time and should therefore ensure that they are
he latest version.

t should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication 'User Guide RC


3' available from The Concrete Bookshop, www.concretebookshop.com, Tel +44 (0)700 4
)1276 607140

This spreadsheet is shareware. It may be distributed freely, but may


not be used for commercial purposes until the user has registered with
the TCC via The Concrete Bookshop.

y TCC14 Crack Width


Action Size (kB)
Correction to calculation of Aceff and cracked x for rectangular
919
sections. Default cement type changed to 'R'.
v3 release. Page nos, User Guide and registration details
918
amended.
Tee sections added. RE-BADGED 924
Correction to use of equation (7.14). 258
Updatd to November 2002 draft. 258
Updated to final draft. 266
First issue for in-house comment 266

Page 20
Notes

Page 21