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Procedure API 5A1.

19 Technical data sheet REVISAR for Fraction


Prediction of vapor pressure of pure hydrocarbons
API - Petroleum Refining Technical Data Book. p. 5-45 and 46

1. Use to: This procedure is useful for estimating the vapor pressure of pure hydrocarbons and narrow-boiling petroleum fractions
when the critical properties or the acentric factors are not known and cannot be estimated.
For definitions, review the API Technical Databook pag 5-45 @ 46 and the Normal boiling point and Watson
2. Definition:
characterization factor of fraction must be known.
Procedure 5A1.19 is presented as an alternate method of estimating the vapor pressure of pure hydrocarbons or narrow-
3 Purpose: boiling hydrocarbon mixtures. It should be used for pure hydrocarbons only when Procedure 5A1.16 cannot be applied
because critical propertieosr acentric factors are not available.

4. Input Data Actual properties from "API Technical Data Book" pags 1-54 to 1-136 Tables: IC1.1 to IC1.6, IC2.1 to IC2.6 , IC3.1 to IC3.12 and IC4.1
to IC4.12 . "API Data" worksheet
Working temperature 302.00 F * For Methane and Ethane use the SG values: SGC1 = 0,247 and SGC2 = 0,41
Mole Weigth
N Compound Formula Mol Wt SG NBP F Ki
Fraction xi Fraction
1 METHANE CH4 0.0000 16.043 0.2470 -258.73 23.71 0.0000 Cdigo de colores
2 ETHANE C2H6 0.0000 30.070 0.4100 -127.49 16.89 0.0000 Accin Color celda Observacin y significado
3 PROPANE C3H8 0.0000 44.097 0.5070 -43.75 14.72 0.0000 Entrada Ingreso de Datos
4 ISOBUTANE C4H10 0.0000 58.124 0.5629 10.78 13.82 0.0000 Resultado Clculo en celdas hoja de trabajo
5 N-BUTANE C4H10 0.0000 58.124 0.5840 31.08 13.51 0.0000 Resultado Clculo funcin personalizada
6 ISOPENTANE C5H12 0.0000 72.151 0.6247 82.12 13.05 0.0000 Auxiliar Celdas auxiliares
7 N-PENTANE C5H12 0.0000 72.151 0.6311 96.92 13.03 0.0000 Reclculo Iterative Filas se Recalculan iterativamente
8 NEOPENTANE C5H12 0.0000 72.151 0.5974 49.1 13.36 0.0000
9 N-HEXANE C6H14 0.0000 86.178 0.6638 155.72 12.81 0.0000
10 1,2,3,4-TETRAHYDRONAPHTHALENE C10H12 1.0000 132.206 0.9748 405.77 9.78 1.0000
Total Mix 1.0000 132.206 0.9748 405.77 9.78 1.0000
API = 13.66

5 Calculations and results

5.3 Calculate Correction factor f for working temperature


t= 302.0 F 761.7 R Working temperature
Correction factor f for boiling point due to K w (type of hidrocarbon) Ec 5A1.19-6
Aplication range for f
tb < 200 F f = 0.0
f= 1.000 200 <= tb <= 400 F f = (Tb - 659,67)/200
tb > 400 F f = 1.0
Tb = Normal boiling point or MeABP
T'b = 865.4 R T'b = Normal boiling point corrected to K = 12 [R]
5.4 Iterative calculation of the vapor pressure
Iterate p* = 150.8 mmHg Vapor pressure changing cell
Iterate Coefficients a, b, c and d for X values and validity ranges for X
Iterate X a b c d
Iterate X = 0.00157898 X < 0.0013 2770.085 6.412631 36 0.989679
Iterate 0.0013 <= X <= 0.0022 2663.129 5.994296 95.76 0.972546
Iterate log p* = 2.17846494 X > 0.0022 3000.538 6.76156 43 0.987672
Iterate Vapor Pressure - API - Petroleum Refining Technical Data Book. p.5 - 45 Ec. 5A1.19-1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6
Iterate p* = 0.0 Target value equal = 0 Iterative calculations done
Final value p* = 150.8 mmHg Vapor pressure of pure hydrocarbons or petroleum fractions
p* = 2.916 psia

6 Remarks:
A tip to calculate a mixture with less than 10 compounds, the molar fraction of the compounds that do not interest must enter the value of 1E-15, adjusting the total
mix to 1.00 with the molar fraction of compound, selected that less affecting the overall result. (Use Data/Search objective). For only one compound use this
compound por adjusting