Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 20

SCIENCE (Class 10)

Index

CBSE Chapter-wise Test Papers solved unsolved

1. Chemical Reactions and Equations 01 110


2. Acids, Bases and Salts 13 116
3. Metals and Non-Metals 25 122
4. Life Processes 45 127
5. Control and Coordination 60 132
6. Electricity 76 137
7. Magnetic Effects of Electric Current 90 142
8. Sources of Energy 102 147

CBSE Sample Papers (Solved)

1. Sample Paper issued by CBSE 152


2. Solved Sample Paper 01 160
3. Solved Sample Paper 02 170
4. Solved Sample Paper 03 181
5. Solved Sample Paper 04 190
6. Solved Sample Paper 05 197

Other Papers

1. Unsolved Sample Paper (1-5) 213


2. Previous Year Papers (1-5) 242
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS - X Science (Chemical Reactions and Equations)

1. Copper displaces which of the following metals from its salt solution: (1)
(a) ZnSO4
(b) FeSO4
(c) AgNO3
(d) NiSO4

2. In an electrolytic cell where electrolysis is carried, anode has: (1)


(a) Positive change
(b) Negative charge
(c) Connected to negative terminal of the battery
(d) None of these is correct.

3. The reaction H2+Cl2 2HCl represents : (1)


(a) Oxidation
(b) Reduction
(c) Decomposition
(d) Combination

4. In the reaction PbO + C Pb + CO (1)


(a) Pbo is oxidised
(b) C act as an oxidising agent
(c) C act as a reduction agent
(d) Reaction does not represent redox reaction.

5. A substance which oxidizes itself and reduces other is known as (1)


(a) Oxidising agent
(b) reducing agent
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these.

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(001)
6. What happens chemically when quick lime is added to water? (2)

7. Why a combustion reaction an oxidation reaction? (2)

8. Why are food particle preferably packed in aluminum foil? (2)

9. What happens to lime water when Co2 gas is bubbled through it in excess? (2)

10. Identify the type of reaction in the following (3)


(a) ZnCO3 + 2HCl (aq) ZnCl2 (aq) + H2CO3 (aq)
(b) 2NaBr (aq) +Cl (g) 2Nacl (aq) + Br2 (aq)

(c) 2CuO (S) 2Cu (s) + O2 (g)

11. A student dropped few pieces of marble in dilute hydrochloric acid contained in (3)
a test tube. The evolved gas was then passed through lime water. What change
would be observed in lime water? Write balanced chemical equation for both
the change observed?

12. In the reaction MnO2 +4HCl MnCl2 + 2H2O +Cl2 (3)


(a) Name the substance oxidised.
(b) Name the oxidising agent.
(c) Name the reducing agent and the substance reduced.

13. Give one example each of (3)


(1) Thermal decomposition
(2) Electrolytic decomposition
(3) Photo decomposition

14. A metal is heated with dil H2SO4. The gas evolved is collected by the method (5)
shown in the figure : Answer the following
(a) Name the gas.
(b) Name the method of collection of gas.
(c) Is the gas soluble or insoluble in water?
(d) Is the gas lighter or heavier than air?

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(002)
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS - X Science (Chemical Reactions and Equations)

[ANSWERS]

Ans01. AgNO3.

Ans02. Positive charge.

Ans03. Combination.

Ans04. C acts as a reducing agent.

Ans05. Reducing agent.

Ans06. When quick lime is added to water calcium hydroxide (slaked lime) is formed with
a hissing sound and lot of heat is evolved during the reaction. The reaction involved
is CaO (s) + H2O Ca (OH) 2 (s) + Heat
Quick lime Shaked lime

Ans07. Combustion reaction because it is always carried out in the presence of air or
oxygen for e.g.: CH4 (g) + 2O2 (g) Co2 (g) +2H2O (l)

Ans08. Aluminium foil do not corrode in atmosphere even if kept for a long time because a
protective coating of aluminium oxide (Al2O3) is formed on the surface of the foil
and stops any further reaction of the metal with air and water thus food particles
do not get spoiled.

Ans09. When CO2 gas is bubbled through lime water in excess then initially it becomes
milky but then its milkiness disappears.

Ans10. (a) Double decomposition reaction.


(b) Displacement reaction.
(c) Decomposition reaction.

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(003)
Ans11. When marble reacts with dil. HCl, CO2 gas evolved
CaCO3 (s) +2HCl (aq) CaCl2 (aq) + H2O (l) + CO2 (g)
When this gas is evolved and is passed through lime water, becomes milky due to
the formation of insoluble Calcium carbonate
Ca (OH) 2 + CO2 (g) CaCO3 (s) +H2O (l)
But when milkiness disappears i.e. when CO2 gas is passed in excess through CaCO3 (s)
CaCO3 (s) + CO2 (g) +H2O (l) Ca (HCO3)2 (aq)

Ans12. (a) HCL has been oxidized to Cl2


(b) MnO2
(c) HCL is the reducing agent and Mno2 has been reduced to MnCl2

Ans13. (a) MgCo3 (s) MgO (s) +Co2 (g)

(b) 2H2O (l) 2H2 (g) +O2 (g)

(c) 2H2O2 (l) 2H2O (l) +O2 (g)

Ans14. (a) H2 gas


(b) Gas is collected over water by a method called downward displacement
method.
(c) Since collected over water so it is insoluble.
(d) The gas is lighter than air.

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(004)
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS - X (Chemical Reactions and equations)

1. Some crystals of copper sulphate were dissolved in water. The colour of the (1)
solution obtained would be
(a) green
(b) red
(c) blue
(d) brown.

2. When dilute HCl is added to zinc pieces taken in a test tube (1)
(a) No change takes place
(b) the colour of the solution becomes yellow.
(c) A pungent smelling gas gets liberated.
(d) small bubbles of H2 gas appear on the surface of zinc pieces

3. PbS reacts with ozone (O3) and forms pbso4. As per the balanced equation, (1)
molecules of ozone required for every one molecule of PbS is / are
(a) 4 (b) 3
(c) 2 (d)1

4. Chemically rust is (1)


(a) Hydrated ferrous oxide
(b) hydrated ferric oxide
(c) only ferric oxide
(d) none of these

5. Which of the following reactions is not correct (1)


(a) Zn + CuSO4 ZnSO4 + Cu

(b) 2 Ag + Cu ( NO3 ) 2 2 AgNO3 + Cu

(c) Fe + CuSO4 FeSO4 + Cu

(d) Mg + 2 HCl MgCl2 + H 2

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(005)
6. Identify the type of chemical reaction (2)
(i) A B + C
(ii) AD + CD AD + CB

7. Why does not silver evolve hydrogen on reacting with dil H 2 So4 ? (2)

8. Way do diamond and graphite, the two allotropic forms of carbon evolve (2)
different amounts of heat on combustion?

9. What is the sole of oxidizing agent is a reaction? (2)

10. (a) Define Rusting (3)


(b) Why do you apply paint an iron articles?

11. White the balanced reactions for the following (3)


(i) Potassium Bromide (aq) + Barium iodide (aq) Potassium iodide (aq) +
Barium Bromide(aq)
(ii) Zinc carbonate (s) Zinc oxide (s) + carbon dioxide (g)
(iii) Hydrogen (g) + chlorine (g) Hydrogen chloride

12. The reaction is given by (3)


Zn + H 2 SO4 ZnSO4 + H 2

(i) White the ionic equation for the reaction


(ii) The ionic equations can be represented by two half equations.
Write these equations.
(iii) Explain why this is a redox reaction

13. What are neutralization reactions? Why are they named so? Give one example? (3)

14. You are given with (5)


(a) Iron Nails (b) CuSO4 solution
(c) Bacl2 (d) Cu powder
(e) Ferrous sulphate crystal (f) Quick lime.
Make five reactions that can take place from these materials.

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(006)
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS - X (Chemical Reactions and equations)

[ANSWERS]
Ans01. (c)
Ans02. (d)
Ans03. (a)
Ans04. (b)
Ans05. (b)

Ans06. (i) Decomposition reaction


(ii) Double displacement reaction

Ans07. Silver do not evolve hydrogen on reacting with dil. H2SO4 as silver is less reactive
metal than hydrogen.

Ans08. Diamond and graphite are the two allotropes of carbon but they do not evolve same
amount of heat on combustion because they differ in the arrangement of carbon
atoms and also their shapes one different.

Ans09. The oxidizing agent supply the oxygen in a reaction or it removes the hydrogen.

Ans10. (a) The process of slow eating of the surface of metal iron when exposed to air for a
longer period of time is called rusting.
(b) We apply paint on iron articles because it forms a protective coating on the
surface of iron and we can protect it against rusting.

Ans11. (i) 2 KBr (aq ) + BaI 2 (aq ) 2 KI (aq ) + BaBr2 (aq )

(ii) ZnCO3 ( s ) ZnO( s ) + CO2 ( g )

(iii) H 2 ( g ) + Cl2 ( g ) 2 HCl ( g )

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(007)
Ans12. (i) Zn + 2 H + Zn 2 + + H 2

(ii) The half ionic equations are-


Zn Zn 2 + + 2e
2 H + 2e H 2

(iii) The first half represents oxidation since these is loss of electrons and second
half represents reduction as there is gain of electrons.

Ans13. A neutralization reaction is the chemical reaction between an acid and base
dissolved in water
For eg KOH (aq ) + HNO3 (aq ) KNO3 (aq ) + H 2O(aq )

It is called neutralization reaction because both KNO3 and H 2O formed as the

products, are neutral in nature.

Ans14. (i) BaCl2 (aq ) + CuSo4 (aq ) BaSo4 ( s ) + CuCl2 (aq )

(ii) 2Cu ( s ) + O2 ( g ) 2CuO( s )

(iii) 2 FeSO4 ( s )
heat
Fe2O3 + SO2 + SO3

(iv) FeSO4 .7 H 2O
heat
Fe2 SO3 ( s ) + 7 H 2O

(v) CaO( s ) + H 2O Ca (OH )2 ( s ) + Heat

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(008)
SCIENCE (Class 10)
Index

CBSE Chapter-wise Test Papers solved unsolved

1. Carbon and Its Compounds 001 100


2. Periodic Classification of Elements 015 105
3. How do Organisms Reproduce 020 110
4. Heredity and Evolution 036 115
5. The Human Eye and Colourful World 051 120
6. Light-Reflection and Refraction 058 125
7. Our Environment 073 130
8. Management of Natural Resources 088 135

CBSE Sample Papers (Solved)

1. Sample Paper issued by CBSE 140


2. Solved Sample Paper 01 151
3. Solved Sample Paper 02 162
4. Solved Sample Paper 03 175
5. Solved Sample Paper 04 187
6. Solved Sample Paper 05 199

Other Papers

1. Unsolved Sample Paper (1-5) 209


2. Previous Year Papers (1-8) 242
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS - X (Carbon and its compound)

1. Soaps are formed by the saponification of (1)


(a) Alcohols (b) simple ester (c) carboxylic acids (d) glycerides
2. The functional group of butanone is (1)
(a) Carboxyl (b) ketonic (c) aldehydic (d) alcoholic
3. Enzyme which converts starch into glucose is (1)
(a) Zymase (b) Maltase (c) Diastase (d) Invertase
4. The first compound to be prepared in the laboratory was (1)
(a) Methane (b) Ethyl alcohol (c) acetic acid (d) Urea.
5. The IUPAC name of CH 3CHO is (1)
(a) Acetaldehyde (b) Formaldehyde (c) Methyl formaldehyde (d) Ethanal.
H
6. | (2)
Name the following compounds. (a) H C = O (b) CH 3 CH 2 Cl

7. Define soaps? (2)

8. Name the second member of alkynes family Give its structure? (2)

9. Give a chemical test to distinguish between Ethane and ethene. (2)

10. Complete the following reaction (3)


(i) H 2C = CH 2 + H 2O
H 2 SO4

(ii) HC CH + Br2
(iii) C2 H 5OH + Na

11. What is the role of concentrated H 2 SO4 in the esterification reaction? (3)

12. What will be the formula and electron dot structure of cyclopentane ? (3)

13. Draw the structures of the following compounds (3)


(a) Ethanoic acid (b) Bromopentane (c) Butanone
14. Define fermentation. Name the enzyme which converts (5)
(a) milk into curd (yogurt)
(b) Cane sugar into glucose and fructose
(c) glucose into ethanol

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(001)
CBSE TEST PAPER-01
CLASS - X (Carbon and its compound)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (d)

Ans2. (b)

Ans3. (a)

Ans4. (d)

Ans5. (d)

Ans6. (a) Methanol


(b) Chloroethane

Ans7. Soaps are the sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These are
represented by RCOONa or RCOOR

Ans8. The second member of the alkyne family is propyne. Its structural formula is
CH 3 C CH

Ans9. Ethene decolorizes the yellow colour of bromine water while ethane does not.

Ans10. (i) H 2C = CH 2 + H 2O
H 2 SO4
CH 3 CH 2 OH
Br Br
| |
(ii) HC CH + 2 Br2 H C C H
| |
Br Br

(iii) 2C2 H 5OH + 2 Na 2C2 H 5ONa + H 2

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(002)
Ans11. In esterification reaction a carboxylic acid reacts with alcohol to form ester and
water in the presence of concentrated sulphuric acid. This reaction is reversible
and this reverse reaction is called ester hydrolysis.
Concentrated sulphuric acid being a strong dehydrating agent removes water
from the reaction mixture. As a result, the reaction proceeds only is the forward
direction to form ester.
RCOOH + ROH
conc H 2 So4
RCOOR + H 2O
Acid Alcohol Ester

Ans12. It is a cyclic compound with formula C5 H12 . The structure of the compound is

represented as

H H
C H
H
H C C H
H C C H
H H

O
H ||
Ans13. (a) H C C OH Ethanoic acid
H

(b) CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 Br Bromopentane
O
||
(c) H 3C C CH 2 CH 3 Butanone

Ans14. The preparation of ethyl alcohol from sugar ( C12 H 22O11 ) is known as

fermentation.
(a) Lactase converts milk into curd
(b) Invertase converts cane sugar into glucose and fructose
(c) Zymase converts glucose into ethanol.

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(003)
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS - X (Carbon and its compound)

1. Rectified spirit is (1)


(a) 50% ethanol (b) 80% ethanol
(c) 95% ethanol (d) 40 to 50% ethanol

2. Dilute alkaline KMnO4 solution is (1)


(a) an oxidising agent (b) a reducing agent
(c) a bleaching agent (d) none of these

3. The by product in soap industry is (1)


(a) Isoprene (b) Ethylene glycol
(c) glycerol (d) butane

4. An example of soap is (1)


(a) C15 H 31COONa (b) CH 3COONa

(c) C6 H 5COONa (d) C17 H 35OSO3 Na

5. The number of C-H bonds in ethane C2H6 molecule are (1)


(a) 4 (b) 6
(c) 8 (d) 10

6. Write the structures of (2)


(i) Ethanoic acid (ii) Hex anal

7. Name the following compounds (2)


H
(a) CH 3 C = 0 (b) CH 3 CH 2 OH

8. Which organic compound is added to make ethanol unfit for drinking purposes? (2)

What is the name of the mixture formed?

9. Write a test to identify the presence of ethanoic acid? (2)

10. Give names of the following (3)

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(004)
(a) An aldehyde derived from ethane
(b) Ketone derived from butane
(c) Compound obtained by the oxidation of ethanol by chromic anhydride

11. What is meant by denatured alcohol? (3)


What is the need to denature alcohol?

12. Write chemical equations of the reactions of ethanoic acid with (3)
(a) Sodium (b) Sodium carbonate
(c) Ethanol (d) The presence of conc H2So4

13. Complete the reaction and names of the products formed (3)
(i) CH 3COOH + NaOH
heat

(ii) C2 H 5OH + O2
alkaline
KMnO4

(iii) CH 3COOH + C2 H 5O4


Conc H 2 SO4

14. (a) Name the gas evolved during fermentation process? (5)
(b) What role is played by yeast in the conversion of cane sugar (C12H22O11) to
ethanol?
(c) How may the following be obtained from pure ethanol? Express chemical
reactions by the chemical equations.
(i) Sodium ethoxide (ii) Ethyl ethanoate (iii) Ethanal

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(005)
CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS - X (Carbon and its compound)

[ANSWERS]
Ans1. (c)

Ans2. (a)

Ans3. (c)

Ans4. (a)

Ans5. (b)

O
||
Ans6. (i) CH3- C -on
O
||
(ii) CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2- C -H

Ans7. (a) Ethanal


(b) Ethanol

Ans8. Methanol which is highly poisonous is added to make ethanol unfit for drinking
purpose. The mixture is called methylated spirit or denatured alcohol.

Ans9. Dip a strip of blue litmus paper in the solution of ethanoic acid. Its colour will
change to red.

Ans10. (a) Ethanal (CH3CHO)


(b) Butanone (CH3COCH2CH3)
(c) Ethanal (CH3CHO)

Ans11. Ethyl alcohol which contains small amount of methyl alcohol or copper sulphate is
called denatured alcohol. The purpose of denaturing of alcohol is to make it unfit
for drinking purposes.

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(006)
Ans12. (i) 2CH3COOH+2Na 2CH3COONa+H2
(Sod. Ethanoate)
(ii) 2CH3COOH+Na2CO3 2CH3COONa+CO2+H2O
(Sod. Ethanoate)
(iii) CH3COOH+C2H5OH
conc H 2 So4
CH3COOC2H5
(Ethyl ethanoate)

Ans13. (i) CH3COOH+NaOH


Heat
CH3COONa+H2O
(Sod. Ethanoate)
alkaline
(ii) C2H5OH+O2 CH3COOH+H2
KMnOH
(Ethanoic acid)
(iii) CH3COOH+C2H5OH
Conc. H 2 Sol
CH3COOC2H5+H2O
(Ethylethanoate)

Ans14. (a) CO2 gas is evolved accompanied by brisk effervescence.


(b) Yeast is the source of enzymes invertase and zymase needed for fermentation.
(c) (i) 2C2H5OH+2Na 2C2H5ONa+H2
(ii) C2H5OH+CH3COOH
H 2 SO4
CH3COOC2H5+H2O
(Ethyl ethanoate)
1 CrO3 is
(iii) C2H5OH+ O2 CH3CHO+H2O
2 Ch3COOH

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(007)
CBSE TEST PAPER-03
CLASS - X (Carbon and its compound)

1. The odour of acetic acid resembles that of (1)


(a) Rose
(b) Burning Plastic
(c) Vinegar
(d) Kerosene

2. Diamond is not a good conductor of electricity because (1)


(a) It is very hard
(b) Its structure is very compact
(c) It is not soluble in water
(d) It has no free electrons to conduct electric current.

3. Alcohols can be produced by the hydration of (1)


(a) Alkenes
(b) alkynes
(c) alkanes
(d) acids

4. The IUPAC name of CH3CHO is (1)


(a) Acetaldehyde
(b) formaldehyde
(c) methyl formaldehyde
(d) ethanol

5. IUPAC name of first member of homologous series of ketones is (1)


(a) Ethanone
(b) methanone
(c) Propanone
(d) Butanone

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in


Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

(008)