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tWUKHTMbHOCTb OTCTaHBaHHH 33BHCHT O T BHCOTH CJIOH CycneH3HH. AyKTa. KpoMe Toro, me^onu yBejiHHHBaroT moioix^ki enoeoHoeTb
ycraHOB^ieHo, h to HacTHua necKa npn naxaraH b cycneH3HH
r^iHH.
r^iH H bi n p o x o H T npHMepHo 1 MeTp b nac. rioaTOMy cycneH3HH Flocjie BBeAeHHH me^onn, b o H3&e>KaHHe p sccjishb shh h m u .tl-
AOJIJKH3 OTCT3HB3TbCH CTOflbKO HaCOB, CKOJIbKO M C TpO B COCTa- hoh MaccH, cjieAyer ppaay >kc ' AoaBJiHTb rjiiiH y. Mbyiio C r.m -
BflaeT BbrcoT3 cnoa cycneH3HH. TaK, HanpHMep, eoiH b h c o ts HOH CMeUIHBatT B MbMOBapeHHOM KOTJie HJIH B CHeAHajIbHOM CMe-
c.non cycneH3HH psBHa ab yu MeTpaM, t o rcraHBaHHe ee Mojukho cm e^e.
npoaji*aTbCH ne Meiree Ayx h s c o b . r^H u y CAeAyeT bbohti b mujio b bhac cycneiH3HH Ihah
C y c n e H 3 H io nocAe o tc ts h b s h h h B b ir p y jK a iO T H3 KOTJia ( a n a ), b BHAe nopouiKa. Jlynuiee pacnpeAeJieHHe tah h u b MHAe ao-
B h in e p n u B a a B e^p aM H h jih k o b u is m h . B b in e p n u B a B H e npoH 3B O Aar cTHraercH npa BBeAeHHH ee b bhac cycneH3HH. T jikhs, BBeAeH-
OCTOpOHO, HTObl He 33XB3THTb BMeCTe C C yC n C H 3 IieH 0<5p330- Haa 'b BHAe nopouiKa, nacTO opasyeT komkh, h to 3 aTpyAHHeT
B a B iu e r o c H Ha AHe o c a A ft a n ecK a h p yrax K p y n H b ix n p H M e c e ft. paBHOMepHoe pacnpeAejieHHe ee b Mbme. CycneH3HH h/ihhu ne-
peA BBeAeHHeM b mujio AOAHCHa 6bnb npo4)HAbTpoBaHa epe3
B A P K A MblJIA CHTO C OTBepCTHflMH 0,5 2 MM.
B Tex cjiynsHX, KorAa rjiHiia bboahtch b mhaO b j BHAe no
BapKa Mtuia c MHHaMH coctoh t H3 cneuyiouiHX ripoueccoB:
pouiKa, HeOXOAHMO, HTObl Olia 6bUia B03M0 >KH0 TOHbUie H3MeAb-
1) BdpKH KOHUeHTpHpOBaHHOro MbMbHOrO KJieH HJIH HApO- neHa. Tohkoctb noMOAa raHHbi AOA>KHa yAOBjieTBOpHTb c^eAyio-
B oro M b u ia ;
U^HM TpeOBaHHHM:
2). CMeiUHB3HHH MblJia C HIHHOfi;
O d a T O K na caTe Ms 32 c 1024 OTBepcT. na 1 cm2 AOJieH UTb h ; OJiee 1%
3 ) cjx>pMOBKn;
. Ns -10 c 1C60 , 2/0
4) oxashcachhh;
JC80c 640 . . . . | > 270/o
5 ) peaKH Ha KycKH.
Ilp H AOaBJieHHH fe MWJIO I'JIHHbl B BHAe CycneH3HH OAHOBpe-
rjiHHbi MoryT BBOAHTbCH s KanecTBe HancwiHHTeAeft b loieeBue
MeHHo b b o a h tc ji 3H3HHTeJibHoe KOJiHHecTBO BOAbi. 3 t o Mo>KeT npn-
h JwpoBue. M bwa (cnoco H B a p m m u ji npuBCAeHbi b k ohuc 6 po-
BecTH k p e 3KOMy CHH/KeiiHio npoueH Ta jk h p h h x k h c a o t. MaKCH-
uiiopbi) n p H r 0 T0 BjieHiHe a a p o B u x muji c rjiHHaMH peKOMeHAyeTca
Ma^bHoe KOJiHHecTBo cycneH3HH, KOTOpoe M o * e T 6 brrb b b cach o
npw n 0 Jib3 0 B3 HHH 3 arpH3HeHHiJMH MCHpsMH, & T3K *e "rip H npHMeHe- B MbMbHblH KJieft IHJIH HApO npH 33A 3HHOM COAep>KaHHH JKHpHblX
hhk cbipbH, coep*am ero noapeHHyio cojib (MbwowacjiT, coancroK
kh c jio t , onpeAe^aeTCH n o <J>opMy^e:
h ap.), Tan Kax npHcyTCTBHe A a *e He3HaHHTMbHoro KcWHnecTBa
noBapeHHo cxwih Ae^aer m hao xpyriKHM. A = - B-^ fl,
B Mu^BapeHHoM Koajie jipo h 3Bo a h t c h ; BapKa 5 0 55-npouw-
r^ e: ' . . J .1 , ; ' ' ' '
Horo lieeBoro Mbwa. rio a octh 5 K W h ih n o M o ra o m h j i c h h b mw^i>-
A MaKCHMa^bHoe kojiiimcctbo cycnen3HH, Koropoe mo* ho ao -
Bbi luiefl Aono^HHTejibHO' b b o a h t eAKyio me^onb H Ka^itu h h h p 0 bh-
aBHTb K MblJIbHOMy KAeK) HAH JIAPyj
10
11
' B KOJIHHeCTBO JKHpHHX KHCJIOT ( K r) MblJlbHOTO KJieH HJIH
aapa (flo BBeAeHHa rjiHHw); iijiii 5055o/o c y c n e n 3Hn. f t p pa oTe c Mewee KOHueHTpHpoBan
C nppUeHT HpHblX KHCJIOT, KOTOpblH XOTHT nOJiyH'tCT B, TOTO- HbiMii cycneH3KaMii b 'mhjio 0AH0BpeMeHH0 bboahtch ojibiuoe kojih
bom n p ojyK T e; necTBO boah, h to npHBOAHT. k noJiyneHHK) roTOBoro npOAyKTa c
f l &ec MbiJitHoro wiea (ha p a ) B kt, coAepaHHeM hchphhx k h cjiot MeHee 17 0/0. [
HanpHMep, 113 100 Kr 50-npou. MHJibHoro kjich HeaxoAHMo E cjIH B iMblJIO BBOAHTCH >KHpHbie rjiHHbi, H3 KOTOpX HeJIb3S
ncwyHHTb MbiJio, HanojweHiHoe rjimiaMH, c 17-npou. coAepacaimeM npHroTOBHTb iio b h jk h h x cycneH3HH (Aaioiunx B03M0JKHcib yAamrb
>KHpHbIX KHCJIOT. PacneT KQJIHHeCTBa CydIH3HH IVIHHH, KOTOpOe 113 hhx necoK nyTeM oTcraHBaHH)'. c icoAepaHHieM b hhx 50 55/o
HyHO OaBHTb J1H 3TOTO K MblJIbHOMy KJieiO, npoH3BOAHTCH TaK: rjiHHbi, t o cnanajia cjieAyeT npHroroBHTb cycneH3Hio c QoepwaHHeM
50x100 b lieft 35o/o! rjiHHbi, a 3aTeM, n o c n e oTCTaHBaiuiH, aobccth nyTeM
J7 - -100=194 Kr BbinapHBaHHH boah coAepacaHHe rjiHHbi1 b cycneH3HH a o 50 55 0/0 .

CycneH3HH M oryr uTb pa3jiHHHo kohchctchuhh c oJibiuHM C ycn eH 3HH tjih h h AofiaanneTCH b Mbijio mcjikhmh nopUHHMH
hjih MeHbuiHM coflepaHHeM rjiHHbi. KcwmqecTBo cycneH3HH, BBeAeH- nenpepHBHo npH nocTOHHHOM nepeMeuiHBaHHH M accn. pH yno-

hqh b Mbijio, yMHoaceHHoe Ha npou,eHTHoe coAep*aHHe rjiHHbi TpejieHHH rjiHHbi b n op ou iK e o n a bboahtch T a r n e ijocreneH H o
b cyeneHBHH h Aejiem ioe Ha 100, noKa3UBaeT, cKOJibKO KHjiorpaMMo
MejiKHMH nopuHHMH n e p e 3 c h t 3 npn HenpepHBHoM nepeMeuiHBaHHH.
IVIHHH BBOAHTCH! B MbUIO. T eM n ep a T y p a CMeca^npH BBeAeHHH t jik h u b m ujio HC AOJiHa

ripoueHTHoe coep*aH H e rjiHHH b totobom npoflyKte onpe- biTb mxKe 9095. I


AejiaeTCH no ({ropMyjie : B o 'BpeMH BBeAeHHH rJiHHH b MbMbHyio M accy HHorAa Hajno-
AaeTCH e e '3arycTeHH,e, h t o m ojk ct ripHBecra k HepaBHOMepHOMy
n E ><100
A ^ pacnpeAejieH H io rjiHHbi b Mbuie. B o H3e>KaHHe a r o r o cjieA yeT a o -
aBHTb H e K OT Opo e KOJIHHeCTBO KajIbUHHIipoBaHHOH CO AH HJIH UiejIOHH.
rAe:
M buibH yio M accy nepeMeuiHBaiOT a o T e x n o p , non a rjiH iia paBHo-
flnpoueHT coAepacaHHA rjiHHbi b roTOBOM npoAyKTe;
MepHo pacnpeAejiHTQas b m hjibhom Kjiee. BpeMH, noTpeHoe a^h 9to h
Ebcc rjiHHbi b Kr;
>KBec roTOBoro npoAyKTa b kt, on epau H ji, 3aBHCHT o t o te M a K o ra a h jih CMecHTejiH, b k o to p h x '
e e 3 aMeluHBai0 T. 'O h h h o o h o KOJiejieTCH o t o A H o ro a o A yx nacoB.
HanpHMep, Ma ,250 Kr MHjia AoaBJieHo 50 Kr rjiHHH, npoueHT
O AH opoAH oe CocTOHHHe 'M a c c n AocTH raercH bicTpee, ecjiH cycneH-
rjiHHbj b MHJie cocTaBHT:
3hk) rjiH iiH npeABapHTejibHO n oA orp eT b .
50X100 __ nntl
nojiyneH H aH oAH opoAH aa cM ecb BwiHBaeTCH b 4>oPMW H BbI-
' 250 " h
HocHTCff b xoJioAHoe no M eu;eH H e ah 3 acTbiBaHna. 3acTHBiuee mhjio
ripu Bapne Mbuii c HeOJibiuHM coiepaoHHeM tjihhu (a o 15 o/o p e w y T Ha KycKH.
o t Beca Mbijia) nocjieAHSH mqhc?t '6htj> BBeAena b Mbijio b BHAe
cycneH3HHi c coepiKaHHeM* b He tjihhh 35o/0' H Buiue. Tlpn Bapne O B O P yflO B A H H E H H H BEH TAPb
Mbui t ojibuiHM coAep*aHHeM tjihh (Buuie 15 o/0) neoxoAHMo
npHroTOBJWTb oJiee KOHueHTpHpoBaHHue cycneHBHHl c coAepaoHHeM f l j w BapKH Mbiji, nanojiHeHHbix rjiHHaMH, TpeyeTCH oneHb
B HHX 50 550/o! TJIHHbl. ' HecjiOHoe oopyAOBaHHe, cocToffluee m MHJioBapeHHoro KOTJia,
Tan, HanpHMep, npn Bapne 17o/o Mbina! c 40% rjiHHbi BBeASHue KOTJia hjih AepeBHHHoro 6aKa ajih oTMynHBaHHH rjmHH, CMeciiTejiH,
rjiHHbi B03M0JKH0 TOJIbKO npH AOaBJieHHH ee B BHAe nopouiKa $opMH, daH K a a^h pe3KH MHJia, A^peBHHHbix HepnaKOB,' oht, Becjia

12 H CKpeKa.
M H J i O B a p e H H b i H K O T 61I1 M o*eT HTjb HyryHHbi juxa 3 MeeBHKMH u m o t k p h t h m apoM . H a paccroaHHH 2 0 3 0 cm o t
e j i e 3H u . Jly M u ie JrapMoft KOTJia c iH T a e rc a KOH ycH aa B e p x Ana cJieflyeT CAejiaTb pytcaB c KpanoM jih cnycKa OTCTOHBiiieftea
u iH p e , h o yace. BmHay KOTJia c/iejiaH pynaB c K p a no M a jih cycneH3HH. Ecjih Koreji (6 a K ) He HMeeT pynaBa a KpaHOM, t o cy-
cnycK Mbtjiai H im e J io m K o t c ji BMa3H B a io x B n rn ry , KaK om k- cneH 3 Ha B u qep n u B aeT ca 'KOBiiiaMH. |
HOBeHHuft inimeBajpOMiHiH, h o T 0 JibK0 He fip caM o ro K p a a , 3 T a n , K o b u i h ajih BbiuepnbiBaHHH c y c n e im H h Mbuia 'aooihchu HMeih
m to h opTa ;ero HecKOJibKO B H C T y n a jin H aa KJiaAKOfi. B e p x n a a pyKKHrncy, cooTBereTayioiuyK) rjiyBBe joorjia ( a c a ).
n acTb jcoTJia HaflCTpaHBerca h s ' AepeBa. A e p e B H iin a a HacaAica, U p .a pasMeuiHBaHna iviHHhi b .b o a c , a TaKace nepeMeuiHBainia h -
n peACTaBJiaiom aa cooft BepxHioio nacTb KOTJia, yBejiMHUBaeT n o - pa c o mejioHbio h rjiHHbi c MhijiOM ynoTpeJiHioT AepeBaHHHe Becjia.
\ne3 Hbjfl o te M k o tjw ! h n p e ^ o x p a H a e x m h jio ot u crp oro o c th - H OHH.CTKH jcreHOK KOTJia H (jjopM OT npHCTaBUierO K HHM
n a n m y c tb h o k (p w c . 1 )'. Mujia npHMeHaiOT CKpeKH, cAejiaHHue 3 TBepAbix nopoA Aepesa
(Aya, KjieHa, !6epe3bi).
$QpMH HJi a p a 3 J i H B a M U J i a npeXcrraBjiaiOT coo pa3-
opHbie npoOJiroaTbie ^epeBHHHbie huihkh (pnc. 2). Pa3Mepu
(J)OpM 33BHCHT OT O^eMa npOH3BOACTa< H pa3MepOB MHJIOBapeHHOrO
KOTJia. :

P hc. 1. MwaoBapeHHbift KOTeji:


A MeTajiflHiecKHfl KOTeji, B HacaAKH
H3 AepeBa, B KpaH Ajia cnycna mejioHH.

MecHTejib. TjiHny c mhjiom cMeuMBaiOT b nyryHHOM hjih


ceae3HOM Kouie, oorpeBaeMow; o tk p u tu m oraeM hjih napoM.
OTMynHBaiOT rjiHHy b MeTaJumnecKOM k o tjio hjih 9 epeBHHHOM
ane.
EMKOCTb KOTJIOB MOKeT blTb pa3Ha5t, B saBHCHMOCTK ot o6$eMa P hc. 2. epeBHHHaa 4>opua a ^h mujis.
n p 0 H3 B0 CTBa. n o o r p e B m o c t npoH 3 B OTbca jia o t k p h t o m o r a e , Ilp o C T a a yAoHaa $opM a M o*eT 6bm> H3 r 0 T0 BjieHa T a x :
AJiBHHwe oKOBue 'creHKB 3aABHraigTcs b na3bi, BHpaHHbie b h c
14
15
I

flmHKa; RopoTKHe ctchkh $opMbi 3aABHraiotc 8 na3ti, C^aHMu


B AJIHHHblX CTeHK3X. Co6paHH3H T3KHM 06pa30M (J)OpMa CTHrH-
BaeTCH HeTbipbMS 'OJITaMH.- CTHKH (JlopMbl CJieflyeT e^aTb OCTa-
TOHHO TOJICTbIMH, HTObl MbUIO blCTpO He OCTHB3JIO. <-
C t 3 H O K JIH p e 3 K H M W a COCTOHT H3 epeBHHHOH XOCKH
bl
h ynopHoa creHKH. Ha KpoMKax ynopno aockh hmciotch Meiaji-
nPOM 3 BOCTBO M O I O I U H X I1 A C T
/iiwecKHe iuneHbKH, BHTbie. oahh t A p yroro na paccTOHrom,
cooTBeTCTByiomeM yiHp,Hpe iKycKa MbiJia. H 3aM io u M oiyr cny>KHT& moioiuhc nacrbi, loroToiweHHu
Paspe3aK>T mhm o cra;ibHoft npoBp;ioKoft, k kohusm KOTpoit H3 iviHH. Mokmuhc nacrbi Moryr npHMeHJrrbCH a^h Mbirba pyic,
npHicpeonaioT AepeBHHHbie naJKMKH. IloaieAHHe epyt pynoft h nocyAbi, a T a lc e 'Jia IcrupK'mcaHe. j
HaTHrHBajOT npoBanoKy (pnc. 3). SMyjibnipyiomaa cnocoHoctb rmut yeaiMHBaeTca b iuuioq-
ho cpeAe, noa-roMy n p H3r0T0BJieHHH moioiuhx nacr k ivuuiaM
c-
AOaB^aioTCfl m e jiow . , , :| ;
Moiomee AecTBHe nacr 3iiaiHTejibHO BoapaCTaeT n p AoaB-

IX
Jiemn M hhm MHpija| & KCWHueqTBe He MeHee 5 o/o>; B nepecieTe Ha
5KHPHH KHCAQTH* , ; ,J ' ! ' ' j . i ;
ripoH3BOACTBoi moioiuhx n acr coctoht na <yieAyiou;Hx npo-
M
U#ccob : . i ; | : i ; - ..
ie
1. noAroTOBKH rann.
2. npHrOTOBJieHHH IU&riOMHblX paCTBOpOB.
3. 3aMeiuHBaHiia mhh co iu&iohhumh pacTBOpaMH.
x
n O rO T O B K A rjiH H bi
T^ihhu, npeAHa3Ha,ieMHbie a* npoH3oACTBa moioiuhx nacr,
.H AOJi>KHbi biTb oTMyq'eubi (zyifl yAaaeHH necxa w Apyrax KpynHUX
H npHM'ecefi tslk ace, Ikaic npn Bapne Mbw]a c (tjmho.
CycneH3Ha, ppuroroBJiaeMaa npn npH3BOAcTBe Mbuia Ana
OTMyKHBaHHH IVIHHbl OT neCKa, COAepJKHT o^lbiuoe KOJIHqeCTBO
boah i(65 70 o/o() M m a inpHroTOBJieHHa nacr oihuikom HAKa.
l, npH M3roroBJieHHH nacr HyjKH oiee rycraa cycnesHaiiaj c BJiaK-
iiocTbio He Barne 25 o/o. :
l- H3^huikh b o a h H3 cycneH3HH yAJiaioT nyTeM AonoiHHTejibHoro
I. OTcraHBaHHa ee bi TeneHiie 1 2 cyroK b cneuHajibriax QTCToft-
P hc.*8.' CiaHOK jih pe3KH uuna; A HHKax, KyAa cycneH3HK> nepeHocaT BeApaMH h^h KOBiuaMH.
e A 'y n o p H a a fc T e H K a , B aocks, M m h a c t, Otctohhhk npeACTaBaaer coofl AepeBaHHbifl nau bucotoh He
f 8 M eT & J M H H e C K H e U in e H b K H . b (kwiee 0 ,5 MfeTpa. B ioaho ji3 creiiOK Maua na paccroaHHH 4 5 cm
fl j i a r$anbTpoB3HHH cycneH3HH nepeA BBeaeHHeM b Mbijio yno-
oaho o t Apyroro e.flaK>T OTBepcTHa naMfiTpoM 2 2 ,5 cm. B hhx
Tpe^HIOT BCWIOCHHbie HJIH JlblKOBbie CHT3 C OTBpCTJIHMH 0,5 2 MM. d
BCTaBJiaiOT n/iOTHO npniaHHbie npoKH.
16
17
B a iy q a e nonaaattHfl p acraopa iueJioMeft na komcj| caeayeT
' Koraa bch rjiHHa1 ocaAet Ha h o oTcroHHKa h caoft b o a h aas
3 t o t jyqacroK KOaa* HeMeaaeKHo omijti CHayaaa1 Boabi ar 3aTew
Heft eraiieT npo3panibiM, b u iihm hiot npoKy, Haxowaiuyioca H a j-
caoeM oceBiue raHHbj. Hepe3 o6pa30BaBiueeca oTBepcrae Boaa b h -
c/iabiM paCTopoM yKcycHofl khcjioth, 'Koropaa B cer aaacHa
TacaeT. E ctih otctohhkh Me hmiot 6o k o b h x OTBepcra, Bay
HTb b u e x e . . 1 ;; . |: : ; ,
HC
MOHCHO OIHBaTb CH^KJHOM. a fl npoH3BoacrBa moioiuhx n a cr lueaonH Moryr nociynaTb
ta
OceBiuaa Ha h OTCTofiHHKa rjiHH HMeer bh ry c ro n acra , B KpHCraWlHWeCKOM COCTOHBHH WlUj B |MW ^OAHWX paiqTIBopO(B. B TOM
anaacHOCTb KOTopoft biBaer okojio 25 o/o'. B TaKOM coctohhh ona cjiyqae, Koraa iueaoqii nocTynaior. & BHae boHux pacreopoB h
Moacer nocrynaTb a;ia CMeuiHBanna c iKOHueHTpupoBaHHbiMH meaon- KOHueHTpauHH ihx HeH3BecrHa, . coaep>KaHHe iuewro MoaceT HTb
humh ipatTBpMH1 , B tom .caynae, jKor,j|a! b HaaMmiH HMeiOTCH ToabKo onpeaeaeHO n o ii^othocth pacTBopa1 (Taanua1 Ns 1). |
m ejiofflue pacropbi Heoabiuofl KOHueHTpaUHH (lu e a a ra n pacreop bs B KpHCTaaJiHqecKOM coctohhhh iueaoqn b rviHHy aoaBaaTb
H3 3oau h n p .), 'BH rpy*eH H yio H3 otctoh h h kob rviHHy caeayeT 01 Hejib3H, Tan KaK npn stom TpyaHO aocTHWb paBH0MepH0rb pacnpe-
nocyuiHTb aas Toro, h to 6 h He nojiy^HJiacb cjihlukom hK3h nacra. cc aeJieHHH k x b raume. KpHcrajuimecKHe lueao^H nepea BBeaeHHew
DiHHy mo * ho cyiMTb Ha coaHue1, b 33KpuTux capaax hjih b cy- P* b raHHy cjieayeT pacTBopHTb[ b Boae. PacTBopu Haao roTBHTb B03 -
uiHJiKax. 'Um SToro ee pacKaaaHBaiOT hs aepeBKUHbix cTeaaa- Yr MO>KHO O^ee KOHUeHTpHpOBaHHHMH, MTObl He BBOaHTb' B MOIOmyKJ
acax tohkhm caoeM. K oraa BepxHuft caoft rjiHHbi noacoxneT, ee nacTy H3WHuiKa boah. Taic, aaa noayHeHHH Moioiueft nacTbi c 10-npo-
nepeMeuiHBaiOT aonaiaMH. BbicymeHHaa ram ia nocTynaeT AJia npo- ne ueHTHMM coaepa<a|HHieM npn paoTe c nnwHaiMM, Bbicymai-
H3B0aCTBa moioiuhx nacr. qy hwmh nocne oTMy^HBatHMH, hmoiuhmh BJiaaaiocTb 10o/o, lueaoHHHe
paCTBOpbl rOTOBHT KpenOCTbK) 30 35o/o. n p n paOTe: c CUpHMH
IIP HrOTOBJIEHHE IU,EJ10MHbIX PACTBOPOB
raKHaMH, t . e. n e BbicyiuefiKbiMH nocae OTMyHHBaHH, BuiaacHocn>io
Jlna npHroTOBjieHHH moioiuhx nacr MoryT u tu Hcnoab30BaHH n0 a o 25o/o, KpenocTb iueaoHHbix pacTBopo acwiacHa 6hti> ke Me
caeAyioiuHe iu&tcohh : KaabUHHHpoBaKHaa coAa, noraiu, KaycTHqecKan 9( Hee 50 0/0 . '
coaa, eaKHfl Kaaa w fap. ' cy lU eaovH ipacTBoparojTi B eae3Hbix 'KOraax pa3aHurord pa3Mepa
y^HTUBan ae^JHUHTHocTb yKa3aHHUx m eaoqe, lueao^Hbie pac- np b ^aBHCHMOCTH o t o-beM npoH3BoacTBa. B KOTea cnaqaaa 3arpy-
TBopu M oryr 6 u tb npHrTOBneHbi H3 30jiw pacreHH, TaK KaK b a<aioT 'lueaoqb), ai 3aTeM inaaHBaioT Boay<
nefl coaepjK H Tca noTaux.
n p !H3r0T0BaeHHH iueaoiHHx pacTBopo caeayex ' HMeTb b
aace B ycjioBHHx KycrapHoro MbuioapeHHoro npoH3BoacTBa
Bnay caeayioiuee: KajibUHHHpoBaHHaa coaa npn 3arpy3Ke nwaWT,
MoryT biib ncwiyHeHU mejiOHHbie pacTBopu npw opaoTKe 30Jiu
a! inbiab ee, npoHHKafl b JierKHe MejiOBeKa, Bbi3UBaer cnabHoe
Boaofi. no^yweHHe noiauia hs 3oau pacTeHHfl onHicaH b cneuWab- 111
pa3apaaceHHe !m Karneab. Il09T0My 3arpya(atb ee cneayeT o cto -
hom pa3aa/ie. -
poacHo. Be3yai0BH0 HeaonycTHMO pajfBaTb TBepayio KaycTHMe-
KaycTHnecKaa coala w eaKHfl Kaanft BaaioTca oneub CHabHHMH
CKyio coa y Ha Kyocw, TaK k ik b stom caynae' ocko^kk i KaycTHKa
iueaoqaMH. Ohh pa3pymaioT oaeatay h oyBb (KpoMe pe3HHOBbix), pj
pasaeiaioTCH no noMeiuenmoTu M oryr nonacTb Ha oaeatay h rreaoi
a nonaaaa Ha noacy neaoBeKa, npon3BoaHT Tpyano 3aa<HBaioiuHe paoqux. i
oacorn. Ocoetmo onacHO nonaaaiine pacTBopa coWu b raa3a. h?
'B !tom cayqae, Koraa mcaofflHe pacTBopw to to b h t H3 KaabUHHH-
ri09T0My ppaiuemie o iihmh TpeyeT ocTopoaaiopTH h npe-
poBaHHoft coAbi hjih noTaui,' t o nocae 3arpy3KH b oa h h iueaonH
aoxpauHTejibHux Mep. ripw pa6oTe c pacTBopaMH KaycTHHecKOH c o ah
cMecb haorpeaioT. npH noAorpeBanHH npouecc pacTBopeiiHa
H leaKQTO KajIHH paOHHe 'ajCWIHCHU UTb CHaHCeHbl pe3HHOBO&
HAet H awreabH o bicrpee. OaHaKo, cmcck hh b kocm caynae
o6yBbK>, (JjapiyKaMH h npeaoxpaHHteabHbiMH ounaMH.

18
Hejib3H tnBo^HTb oi KuneHHH, xaK KaK n p 3tom >KHKOCTb Bcne- KoHueHTpauiiH luejioraoro pacTBopa, AOaBJiseMoro b rjiHHy,
HHBaeTOi M, pa36pbi3rHBaacb, M ow er o 6 * e q b p a ek m x . n p n pacreo- AOJiiia Jbiib TaKOH, MTodbi o6ecne*iHTb jjeAHHe b Moiomyio
peHHH frBepfl KaycTHuecKO coAbi h eAKoro nanm, hx noaorpe- nacTy Tpe6yeMoro no peuenType KCwiHnecTB iuejionH.-
BaTb h * ft a jo , xaK KaK 8 aTOM cjiyqae npoHcxoAWr CHJibHoe 3aMoieHHyK) iuejiorabiM pacTBopoM rjiHHy nepeMeuiHBaioT h
bh acjich h Tiuia. J im ycKopeHHA pacrBopeiaui iu ejio cMecb ocraBJiHioT iie>KaTb; b teneHHe .cyroK Iajih toito, mtou oHa xoporno
pce BpeMH nepcMeuiHBaioT AepeBfliiHHM BecjioM. FIo oKOHMaHHH Hayxjia. 3 aieM nanny pa3MeuiHBaioT AepeBHHHbiM BecjioM ao Tex
pacTBopeHHH epyT Heojibiuyio n poy pacTBopa B bhcokh c re - hop, nona bch cwect iipeBpaTHTCfi b OAHOpoAHyK rycryio
KJIHHHHH HJIH MeTajUIHMeCKH UHJIHHAP H OnpeAMHIOT nJIOTHOCTb Maccy, ne npHJiwnaioiuyio k pyKaM h ne coAepaomyio komkqb tjihhu.
c noMombio apeoM eipa. CoAepacaHHe m e jic m b pacTBope pa3/iHqnoft Ecjih c t l B03M0>KH0CTb, t o ,rjrHHy cjieAyeT nepeMeuiHBTb b tjihho-
nji0 TH0CTH yK3aH0( B TaJiHue (Tajmua Ns 1). MeuiajiKe. ncwiyqenHyio nacry npoTnpaioT nepe3 MeTajiJiH*iecKHe CHTa
npH oxflaataeHHH KoimeHTpnpoBaHHbix pacTBopo qacTb mejioqn c OTBepcniHMH 2,02,5 mm AJiH OTAejieHHH cjiynaHiio nonsuiero
CHOBa KpHCTawiH3HpyeTca h BHnaA'ar b BHAe oca^Ka. B o H3e>Ka- cop3 h Hepa3MHTbix komomkob rjiHHbi. TOTOByK) nacTy ynaito-
HHe 3Toro m ejioH H ue p acT B o p u cjieA yeT c p a 3 y ace n o c jie n p n ro - BblBaiOT B 6qmkh.
TOBJieHHH ynoTpe^jiTb wm no6aBjieHHH b rjiHHy.
MOKMUHE nACTbl C AOBABJ1 EHHEM MblJlA
CMEIUHBAHHE TJlHHbl CO IU,EJ10HHbIMH PACTBOPAM H
ripHroTOBJieuHe moioiuhx nacT H3 raim u c ^aBJienneM Mbwa
noroTOBjieHHyio rjiHHy noMeiuatoT B AepeHHHbie omkh hjih c o c to h t H3 cjieAyioiuHx npoueccoB:
laHbl H 3 aJlHBaiOT mejKMHblM paCTBOpOM. 1. Bspna {Mbiji3.
KcwimecTBO mejiowHoro pacTBopa, KOTOpoe HeoxoAHMO Ao- 2. npHroTOBJieuHe nacrbi H3 tjih h h c AosBJienHeM iueJionH.
aBHTb k rjnm e, htoG u nojiy:Hm> nCryi c onpeAejieifflbiM coAep>i<a- 3. CMeuiHB3HHe n a c r a c mhjiom . 1
HHeM BjiarH, paccHHTUBaeTca no $ op M yjie: C noco6 BapKH Mbijia on n ca H)Ke. B moioiuh nacrbi mo>kho
AOaBJTJTTb 5KHAKH6 H TBepAMe KJieeBbie M-blJia. MbUIbHblH KJie
a _ B (100 ) D cjieAyeT roroBHTb bo3mo>kho ojiee KOHueHTpHposaHbiM, m obi
He BBOiAHTb B naCTy H8JIHUIK3 BOAH.
W : npHroroBjieHHe n acra H3 tjikhM c AoaBJieHHeM iuejioqn npoH3-
A K0 JtHqCTB0 menOTHOro pacTBopa; boahtcji onncauHbiM Bupie MeTOAOM. OAtoKlo, ;nacTbr b stom cjiyqse
BBec B33TOH rJTHHbi; neo6xoAHMO roroBHTb ojiee rycrbiMH (c coAepacaHHeM BJiara He
BBJKDKHOCTb rJIWHH; ' ojiee 2 0 o/o), TaK KaK npn feeAeHHH MHJia b h h x bboahtch
AonojiHHTejitHo BJiara, BcyieACTBtte nero roT op jH npoAyicr Moacer
aBjiajKHOCTb, KOTopaa AOJiwna trrb b totobom npoAyKTe.
nojiyqHTbCH cjihuikom hchakhm.
HanpHMep, b Koreji 3arpy>Keuo 2000 Kr ivihhh BJiawHocrao
Moroiuyio nacry CMeuiHBaior c mhjiom cjieAyioiUHM opa30M:
10o/o. B roTOBOH nacTe coAep*aHHe BjiarH aojdkho uTb 30o/o.
noroTOBJieiiHyio iiacry 3arpy>KaioT b >Kejie3iibie k o tjiu h narpe-
KojiHHecrBO tuejioMHoro pacTBopa, Koropoe aojdkho 6u rb
BaioT a o 9095.
AoaBJieHO k rjiHHe, coct3 b h t : Bo ipeMH noAorpeBaiiHa nacTy bcb BpeMH nepeMeuiHBaioT Aepe-
2000(100 10) - 2000 - 541 n BjiHHbiM BecjioM A-aa. Toro, MTobi na Aue Koraa ne opa30Bajiacb
(100 30) Kopica 'noACOxLueH rjiaiibi. B noAorpeTyio h a cry bboaot b ropnqeM

20 21
i
coctohhhh !MbiJloi KOJBmecTBe, TpeyeMOM n o peuenType. Mbijib- (
Hbi jo refi,' noroTB^eHHHft fijin AosBJiewisi b Moiomyio nacry,
\ Ka/ibUHHHpoBaHiian coAa peuenType M e r uTb 3aMeneHa
ApyrHMH mejionaMH.
MOet 0bm> a paanHHHUM coAepacaHHeM hchphhx khcjiot. Kojih-
vecTBo wbuibHoro Kjies, K orop oe ojdkh 6 h t b floaB^emo b mok>- 5 npH 3tom c ^ e fly e r h m c to e bhaVi qTO 1 K r KajibUHHHpoBaH-
m yio nacry, paccHHTHBaioT n o tjjopMyjie: ho coAbi coTBeTCTByeT: 0,75 Kr KaycTHHecKofi cou , 1.3 Kr no-
xaiua, 1.05 Kr eAKoro Kajinfl.
' a x c
OBOPyOBAHHE H HHBEHTAPb
r^ e:
A KewmqeeTBo MhijibHro Kjiea, KOTOpoe aojiw ho birb Aoas- rip0H3B0ACTBy MOIOIUHX naCT H3 rjiHHH HeOXOAHMbl Aepe-
m o b Moioiuyio n a c iy ; BHHHbie KaAKH JIH OTMyHHBaHHH rjiHHbi, AepeBHHHUe Haubl AJ13
BnpoueHT JKHpHblX KHCJIOT, KOTOpHfl AOJDK6H HTbi B rOTO- OTCT,aHBaHH5I rJIHHbl, OHKH M H HaHbl AJM 3aM:eiUHBHHH rjIHHb!
bom npo^yKTe; CO lUeJIOMHblM paCTBOpOM, KOTJIbl AJW npHrOTOBJieWHH IUeJlOMHHX
pacTBopo, MeTajuiHHecKwe ch ts, AepeBHHHbie Becjra, onKH ajih
JXKGJHPKCTBO HiHpHblX KHOOT B MbUlbllM KJIQC;
ynaKOBKit to to b o h npoAyKURH.
C kojihhcctbo iMoioiueft nacrbi, 3rpy>KeHHOH b KOTeji.
jXnx np0 H3 B0 ACTBa moioiuhx nacT c Ao3 BJieHHeM mhjis, KpoMe
' HanpHMep: (B kotcji 3arpyaceHO 200 Kr n acra H3 tjihku. B
nepeHHCjieHHoro oopyAOBaHHH, He0x0AHM0 HMeTb >Kejie3Hbi hjih
roTOBOM npo^yKTe ajdkho birt 5 o/o' tobpral b n epecw re Ha H p -
qyryHHHH KOTeji p fln BapKii MUJia, a T a rn e k otcji ajih noAorpea
HHe kh oioth . ri0r0T0BjieH MbiJibHbift KJieft c ,45% -hum coAepwa-
nacTbi nepeA CMeuiHBaimeM c mujiom.
HHeM 3KHPHUX KHCJIOf.
3aBOAy npOH3BOAHTeJIbHOCTbK) B 30 TOHH naCTbl B MeCHU
KOJUMCCTBO M bUIbHOT KJieJI, K0T0p0e HCOxOAHMO ABHTb
okojio 30 toh h tjikh u , mto yAeT c00TBeTCTB0BaTb
noipe yeTC H
k .itoiomeH ncre,. cocraBM eT: v i /
90 m3 cycneH3HH. CyTOHnan np0H3B0AUTejibH0CTb coct3bht 3 m3
a _ ^ 5X 0----- cycneH3HH. nojiyqeHHe Taicoro KOJinnecTBa cycneH3HH bo3m oho
i:: 45 npH HajiHMHH cjieAyioiuero oopyAOBaHHH:
r io a ie (BBeXeUHH MbiJi ajih HOJiyieHHH Iahopoahoh m scc u , 2 K3AOK AJIH OTMyHHBaH'H rjiHHH eMKOCTblO no 1,5 M3,
CMecb rriuaTejibiia nepeMeuiHBaioT AepeBHHHbiM BecjioM. ToroByto
2 OTCTOHHHKOB eMKOCTblO nO 3 M3,
nacTy ynaKOBbiBaioT b o^KH.
J 2 OHeK eMKOCTblO no 1,5 M3 AJIH 33MeiUHB3HHH rJIHHbl CO
P E U E n T y P A M O K )m ,H X n A C T meJIOMHblM pacTBopoM,
I 1 MbMOBapemioro KOTJia eMKOCTblO 150 r ,
JIjIH jH3rOTOBJieHHH MOIOIUHX naCII MOXC6T blTb peKOMeH&OBaHa
oieAyiQmaa 'peuenrypa: i 1 KOTJI3 eMKOCTblO 150 KI' A-M npHrOTOBJieHHH mejIOHHOrO
ptcTBOp, , i
I. T jim h u ( b n e p e c ie ie Ha c y x o e B e m e c T B o ) . 6 0 % S 2 k otjiob c noAorpeBOM eMKOCTblO 500 Kr npn CMeuiHBaHHH
m e a O H H (COU KaJIbHHHHpOBaHHofi) . . . . 10 % tlflCTbl C MblJlOM,
II. rjiH H b i (b n e p e c q e T e Ha o y x o e B e m e c T B o ). 60% 2 MeTajuiHuecKHx c h t,
lUeflOHH (CObl Ka/IbUHHHpOBaHHOfi) . . . . 50 /0
4 AepeBHHHbix Beceji.
M w J ia ( b n e p e c H d e Ha H p H w e k h c j i o t u ) . . 50 /0

22 23
CoAep>kaHH 3 ojiu b pacTennax h Kajittn b 3 a 6
n O J iy H E H H E IU E J IO H H H 3 3 0 J Ib I P A C T E H H fl (b nepecnete Ha noTaui)

B, 30Jie pacteHH coAepHMTca noiaui, ojiaAaromH mejicw- Coaep5Kanne


HblMH CBOfiCTBaMM. IlOTam H3BCCTCH A3BHQ AO nOHBJICHHH COAbl ' 3oaa Ka/IHH
33BOACKOH BbipaOTKH 6bIJl CAH'HCTBeHHO AOCTynHO LUMOIbK). HA3BAHMJ! PACTEHH b nepecneTe
B % Ha n o ia u i
H acejiem ie nojiynajio ero, Bumejia'iHBaa Boxy! 3oji , H m o jim o -
B 30Jie B 0/0
Bajiocb m b, bh Ae h a k o h m e x o m ajix crapKH ejiba, MHTba
TWia M ,t . n. tuejid.
0 ,9 9 2 0 ,8 8
3 i a mejioHb oJiaAaer xop ou ie Moiomefi cnocoHocTbio. --
1,2 0
B HacToamee e BpeMH n o ia m b KpHCTaaramecKOM bhac 0,81 2 0 ,3 5
BbipaaTHBafOT m 3ojih b n p o M u im e m o u m cunae.. . BeTBH . ......................... .... ....................................... 1,0 9 _
Em u KpiicrajijiHHecKHH noraui wm ncwiyqaeMbie H3 30 JIH ero pac- 1 ,5 8 1 7 ,3 4
2 ,0 0
TBopbi opaoiaTb H3BecTbio, t o momcho nojiyMHTb eme ojiee Kpen-
1,22 2 7 ,0 8
Kyio menMb e^KHS Kanw, npMroAHbi ajih BapKn Mbijia. 0,9 1
KcwiHnecTBO OJibi h coAepHcaHHei b hch noTauia y pasJiHiHux 1 ,90
pacTeHH He OHHaKOBo. O ho 3aBHciiT ot, w a pacTenHa, ot inoHBbi, 1,69 _
1 ,8 4 _
Ha KOTopo pacreHHe npoK3pa<rrajio, H o t BpeMCHM copa (jictom
1,6 0 2 3 ,7 8
b pacTeHHH noTauia MeHbuie,. neM BecHofi M oceHbio). TpaBHHHCTue 2 ,8 5 _
pacTeHHa co/iep>KaT ojibme 30jim m 6ojibuie. noTaui'a b 3o;ie, mcm 1,41 __
cpeBba (cm. Tajr. Ha crp. 25). 0 ,8 0
1,91
Pa3JIHHHOe KOJIHHeCTBO 30 JIbI COflepHTCH H B OT&fflbHblX
9 ,0 0 7 5 ,7 6
nacTax pacTeHHa. TaK, HanpHMep, y AepeBbeB Kopa oraqe 30ji0ft, 1 0 ,0 0 3 0 ,0 9
MeM CTBOJI. KapTO(J)e^hnaH o T B a ..................................... 1 ,0 0 6 0 ,1 8
3ojry ajih nepepaOTKH na noTaui HaKanjiHBaioT, Bbirpeaa 3 ,5 0 1 6,99
ee H3 nene hjih cneunajibHO OKHraa pacTeHHa. Jim nojiyHenHa 8 ,5 0 2 0 ,0 6
8 ,0 0 3 1 ,8 6
noTauia npnroAHa 30Jia Bcex pacTeHHft.
Xljia crieuHajibiioro c>KHraHHa jiyum e Bcero Hcn0Jib3OBaTb iuaiiKH ripH OKHraHHH cyxHx pacTemiH ro p e iiH e h a ct hhtchchbho, p a 3-
H CTejiH noACOjiHyxoB, coJiOMy, oTBy KapTO(})ejia, m iera o t tukb, BHBaeTca BucoKaa T eM nepaTypa, h q a c rb n o ia m a y^etyiHBaeTca
AbiHb, apy 30 B h orypuoB, KaMum, nojiHHb, copH ae rpaBU, a b h ac napoiB, a T a K *e ysocHTca c acrauaMH 3o jih b B03Ayx.
mcrbH, naAaiomHe c AepeBbeB, KycrapuMK, BaJieacHHK h t . n. K p oM e T o ro , 3o ;ia c w ia B m e r c a , BCJieACTBHe q e r o H3 Hee TpyAH o
PacTeHHa, copaHHbie ajih OKHraHHa Ha 30Jiy, cjieAyeT xpa- BbimejiaMHBaerca noTam .
HHTb noA HaecoM u m b APyroM toecTe, 3amHmeHHOM o t aojkah. H jih CnraHHa hbao Bw6npaTb He wapKHfl, 6e3BeTpehufi
J3,o*Ab BbiMbiBaeT H3 pacreHHH noTaui, BCJieACTBHe Mero buxqa eHb. B BeTpeHbi AHb b h xoa 3ojih cHH*aeTca, TaK KaK 3Hara-
noTauia pe3K0 cHuacaeTca. Te/rbwaa qacTb ee yjieTaeT b B03Ayx.
CacHraTb Ha 30jiy hbao BJiaatHbie pacTeHHa. tloaTOMy cyuiHTb C>KHraHHe c^eAyeT BecTH He HenoepeAeTBeHHO na 3eM^e,
hx pe cneAyeT. a b cneunajibHO b h p m tu x aMax hjih ropnax. flMbi h ropHu cjie-
E cjih 3 a BpeMH xpaHeHHH pacTeHHa CHJibiio bmcoxjih , to 3a A y e t BbipbiBaTb Ha TBepAoii noMBe.
3 4 saca nepeA OKHranHeM hx cjieAyet yBi/iajKHHTb, nojiHB oAofi.
25
24
rie^HOH Ha3uBaeTCH sojia, nojiyiaeM aa b pe3yjibTaTe QKtfraiiHH
#Ma aenaeTCa yerapexyrtvibH aaajihho 1 ,5 m, uiHpHiiofi
0,7 m 41 iviyHHofi 0,4 m. GTeHKH hmh CKauiHBaioT /yia Toro, h to h nenabd b KanecTBe ToiuiHBa.
ohh 6 h vm o jie e ycToftHHBHi H He ocuna/incb. O cbinarom aaca c o c re - nojieB aa sojia coaep>KHT 133 5 % noTauia.
hok 3 ew iH obWHO oueHb 3 arpH 3 HHeT 3 cwiy. CeneHHe npaBHjibno ne^Haa 3o^a coAepacHT 8 13 o/o noTauia.
nojieB aa 30JiacB ew o cep o ro uBeTa, TaacejiOBecHa h HMeeT
BbipuTofl hmh !acw *ho HMeTb ,bha TpaneuHH, y K O Topo BepxHee
A MejncHx cjihtkob y * e jiH u . n p H npoe Ha a3wk AaeT cHJib-
0 CH0 BaHHe juiHpe, a HHHee y e .
rop.H x o p o rn o pbiTb Ha opbiB e, h o 'momcho. h Ha poBHoft no^Be. ift p t .
E c jih r o p fl p o m Ha o p u s e , to. b o p u p e aeJiaiOT y rjiy jie n n e
HeuHaji 30JiateMHoro UBeTa, jiencoBecHa, npn npoe Ha
b pH ^e b noTOJiKe K o r o p o n p 0 KanHBai0 T AHpKy, cnyacam yio biK eT cjiabift mnn.
lUejIOMHHH paCTBOp H3 30JIbI MOHCHO npHrOTOBHTb AByMS
biMOBbiM XOAOM. H t o h cAejiaTb rop H Ha pobhom MecTe, HaAO
cuaMama B tip u tb HMy, a aareiM a oKOBoft creH K e c^ejuarb y rjiy jie -
locoaMH: KHnHHeimeM 30 JIH c b o a # H BbimeJiaHHBaHHeM 30jih
pane boao. Ile p e A ynoTpeJieHHeM 30Jiy npoceHsaioT. a^ih
hmc b BH^e ne T a o te c oTB epcraeM jih B n xo A a ahua.
npeacfle fleM HanaTb OKHraHHe, HMy He0x0AHM0 npocyuiHTb, (ajieHHa yroJibKOB h HenporopeBuiero MaTepnajia.
1-fl c n o c o . npoceaHHyio 30Jiy noMemaiOT b ^epeBHHHbie
M n tqero) b Heft OKHraioT HecKOJibKO CHonoB cojio m h h jih TpaBbi.
tpiKHi Jino k8akh hjih CKJiaAWBaiOT Kyqe0 Ha nojiy H nojniBaioT
CHraHHe HaAO Becra oieayiomHM 0pa30M.
ipaqeft boao H3 jieKH ao Tex Hop, nona OHa paBHOMepHO
H AH flMH hjih b ro p rie p a 3 B0 AaT KOCTep. FlocJie T o r o KaK
xoporno HanHTaeTca boao. R n a axoro ee h3ao nepeMeuinaaTb.
oh p a 3 ropHTCfl, Ha Kocrrep KJiaAyT npeAHa 3 HaMeHHu A^ia n ep e-
,jih 33 MOMKH TpeyeTCH 45 500/0 boam o t Beca aoJiu. 3aM0ieH-
a ra H H H MaT.epHaji.
/K) 30Jiy ocraBjiflioT jieatbl b TeneHHe. cyTOK,, a 3aT.e.M nepe.HocaT
HaAO oieA H T b , n t o 6 h 'r p e m ie uuio no Bcefl hmc p ob h o
a He cHJibHO h caM o ropeH H e nponcxoAHJio BHyTpH KOCTpa. TaK Ha3H.BaeMUe 30 JIbHHKH (pnc. 4 ).
B, fr.ex cjiynaax, K orAa anaMH npoHBaeTca H apyy, CBepxy
HaKHAMBaiOT cbkhh MaTepHaji.
Jifl ,Toro HTou ropeHne u ijio no Bceft HMe paBHOMepno,
cacHeaeMH M aTepnaji nepHOAHHSCKH nepeMeuiHBaioT H<ejie3 HHMH
BHjiaMH pt, Kpafl hMbi k cepeAHHe. 3 o jia o t npaBHJibHO nepe-
ropeBuiero waTepna/ia AOJDKHa HMen> cepoBara hbct <5e3 Kycoq-
k ob y r jw H p e p flw x naT.eH. CamraHHe BeAyr a o Tex nop, noKa sma
aanoJiHHTca o jio fl ao sepxy. 3 areM o jie AaiQT ocTUH yTb tt
BurpyHcaioT fee. n p n Burpy3Ke HaAO cjieAHTb 3a j eM, htob/ oHa
He sarpfl&HHJiacb aeM jie, jih Toro 30jiy co AHa am u, KaK co-
AepHcauiyio npHMecb 3eMjiH, cmiaAbiaioT oTAejibHO. XpaHHTb sojiy
A o nepepaOTKH HaAO b cyxoM , 3 amnmeHHOM o t ao jk a h MecTe.
j j o A b BuuiieJiaqHBaeT 3 e e n o ra u i h OHa oecuejHHBaeTda.
o cn oco y 3 a r 0 T 0 BKH pa 3 JiHHai0 T 3 0 Jiy n o jie y io, Hjih ko-
cTpoByra h SneHHyjo. ' P hc. 4. 3onbHHK:
n o jie B o fl (KocTpoB ct)' ua 3 HB 3 Tca 3.0Jia, 3aroxoBJieHHaa ny- A l e p e B S H H b l f l W H , B HHlKHee AH O ,
B BepxHee a h o , r KpaH, fl KaMUuiHHKa.
TM jOKSraaflg B tBX.
27
29
aMyi ' nojia hjiM ao AHa amHKa h b Hee KJisAyT HeoAbuiHMH
3ojibiiin<n n p e A C x a k ra io x codoft AepeBflHHbie 'ianu bhcoxoh KyCKaMH iierauieuyio H3BecTb.
1 m h b nonepe'iHHKe 1,5 m. BnyxpH 30AbHHKa Ha paccxoaHHH H3BecTb AOJiacHa <6biTb xopouiero KauecTBa, e3 KaMneft.
20 25 cm ycTpauaioT BTOpoe r h o c HeojibuiHMH acibiMH Ha 100 Kr 3 0 jih epyT 8 9 Kr H3Becm Cepxy H3BecTb 3acbinaioT
OTBepcraaMH, BTopoe AHO nji0TH0 npHroHHioiTi k cTeHKaM h yKpen- 3ojiofi, KOTopyio noAHpaio!T c oKOB Kym. H3BecTb nocreneHHO
JIHIOX, c[ inOMOUtbK) KpeCTOBHHH HJIH OKOBHX nJiaHOK. racHTca BJiaroft 30Jibt h Kyna cnjibHO pa3orpeBaeTca.
y caMOro flHa qaHa Bcxajiaiox KpaH hah Aeaaiox oxBepcxne, Mepe3 10 12 MacoB rauieHHe 3aKaiiHHBaeTca. O okohhshhh
cJiymtT %nn cnycna
K0T0p0e 3 araKaK>T AepeBflHuoft npoKO. O h o rauieHHa y3HaioT no TOMy, mto nap o t KyMH nepecTaer htth ,
copaHHofi m e jio m FIoa btopwm ahom xoace AeJiaioT OTBepcrae, h ona ocTbiBaeT. H3BecTb 33 3to BpeMa a o a h 3 paccbinaTbca b no-
B KOTOpOe BCT3 BJIHIOT T p y K y (KaMblUjHHKy, HOJiyK) B HyTpH). pouiOK. CJiyMafiao ociaoujneca komkh H3Becra naiHBaiOT BOAOfi
T p y K y noAHHMajoT a o y p o B H B epxH ero Kpaa 3 o,nbHHKa. 3 t o o t- ii3 jieiiKH. KorAa hhk3khx Kyco^noB lierauienoft H3Becra ojibme
BepcTHe npeAHa 3 HaHef{o a/ih BbinycKa; h en ycK a B0 3 Ayx;a b np ocT p aw - ne yACT 3aMerao, ee TmaTejibHo nepeMeuiHBaKHr; c ojio ao opa-
CTB MOKAy AByMH AOHbflMH 30JIbHHI<a. JJjIH yAOCXBa CJIHBaHHH 30B3HHH s OAHOpOAHOH MaCCM, HepeHOCHT B 30JIbHHK H BbHUejia-
0 pa 30 BaBuieca me/io^H soam tk ycTSHaBAHBaiox m iioamoctkh. MHB3IOT, KaK OnHCaHO BWUie.
CemaToe aho sojibiiHKa aacTHJiaioT rpybiM xoacxom hjih nojiyiaeMaa npn stom mejiOMb HBjiaeTca KajiiiHiiofi h npn-
HecKOJibKHMH cjiohmh p o r o * H h Ha Hero ocTopo>KHo nacwnaiox roAHa aah BapKH muas.
3aM0>ieHHyi0 scwy. 3o.m>hhk HanojmsnoT 30Ji0ft He ao Bepxy, ocxaB- 2- c n o c o . npoceaHHyio 30Jiy 33rpya<aioT B *ejie3Huft
jiaa He3 anojiHeHHbiM npocxpaHcxB'o, b 20 25 cm bhcotoh. Cepxy a m MyryHHuft kotcji c n0 A0 rpeB0 M h 3ajiHB3ioT BOAoft. Ha 1 Kr
najiHBaioT xeiuiyid BOAy ao Tex nop, nona 30AbHHK He aancwi- 30jih Ao3BJiaiOT 4 Kr boah- CMecb noAorpeaiOT ao KHneHHa,
hhtch ao KpaeB. 3ajiHTyso boaoh 30Jiy cxaB/MHOT. b nonoe na He- 33KpHB3H)T, MTOu OHa He OCTblBaJia H pCTaBASOT Ha CyTKH JlflH
CKOjibKO MacoB. Ilo cjie T oro KaK bch mejionb cofiepeTca b hhmc- OTCTaHBaHHH. OTCTOHBUIHHCa paCTBOp WeAOHH CAHBaiOT CH(J)OHOM.
neft (nacra qaHa, ee cnycKaiox epe3 KpaH b noACTaBJieHyio OcraBuiaacH KOTjie 30Aa MoaceT uTb BHOBb opaoT3 Ha ro-
KaAKy. K orAa bch meAOHb yA et c/mxa, KpaH saKpHBaioT. 3ateM pjwe boaoh AflH noBTopnoro BbiwejiaHHBaHHH. Bxopsa mejio^b
30JIbHHK BTOpOH pa3 HaiKWIHafOT BOAO; CHOBa ^JOT CMeCH OT- noayqaeica cwiee cjiaofi h m oct HTb Hcn0Jib30BaHa aah
CToaTbca HecKOJibKo qacos h copaBiuyiocH mejionb cnycKaioT p wpy- OpaOTKH HOBOH napTHH 30JIbI.
ryio KaAKy, TaK KaK Bxopaa mejionb nojiyqaexca MeHee KpenKo. H a xoro MTobi npH stom cnocoe noAyHHAacb KajiHHHaa
Biopaa tejioHb roAHTca opaoTKK nocJieAyiome napTHH mejiOHb, HaAO n oaie xoro i<aK sony 3uibioT boao h AOBeAyT ee
30jih, HTobi nojiynHTb 6on.ee KpenKHfi pacxBop. ocJie abohhoh ao KHneHHa1 , AoaBHXb HerameHoii H3ecxH ( 8 9 Kr H3Becxa
hah rpoHOH o6pa6oTKH cMecb BbiHHMaiOT H3 30JibHHKa H 3arpy- Ha 100 r 30jibi). H3Becxb 3apacHBaiox HeoJibuiHMH Kyco^KSMH
caioT B Hero HOByro napraio. jt Bce BpeMa nepeMeuiHBaioT ao xex nop, noKa o h He pacnsAexca
riojiyHeHHbiH TaKHM 0pa30M pacTBOp noTauia npeACTaBjiaer Ha MejiKHH nopouioK. 3aieM cMecb ocxaBJiaiox. Ha oxcTaHBaHHe
coofi AOBOjibHO cnayio meJio.Hb h npnroAeH jyw npuroTOBjieHHa H cnHBaiox nepe3 ch^ oh .
TOAbKO Moiorunx nacT hah fifla HenocpeAcxeHHoro ynoTpejieHHH Kpenocxb nojiyyemibix mejioqe Moacex uxb pa3JiHqiia h 3 a-
npn CTHpKe ejiwr, Mbirta OMamnefi yTBapn h t. n. bhchu o t coAepataHHa b 30jie noTauia. OnpeAejmxb Kpenocxb
'Jlflst nojiyMeHHa Cojiee KpenKoft KajiHHHO w,enom, npnroAHOH mejio>iH mo)kho c noMombio apeoMeTpa.
AJia BapKW MUJia, hcoxoahmo 30Jiy npeABspHTejibHo cMeuiaTb Ho ycxaHOBjieHHOH speoM expoM njioxHocxH b xaAHue Ns 1
c H3BeCTbK). npH 3X0M 30Ay CM3HHB310T BOAO, KaK OnHC3HO naxoAHT npoueuxHoe coAepaHHe eAKoro Kajina hjih noxarna.
buui6, la l&ora CMaMHBaHHe yAeT 3aKOHneHO, b jiyne npOAeJibiBaiox
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28
HaTpHeBaa mejio'ib u m MbtaoBapeBBH y a o H e e : c eft bicTpee
naet OMbuieHHe xnpat aerae noayHHTb TBepae Mbim
OMbweHHe c K,&wiHHofi meflo*ibio naer MeaJieHHee, h Mbiao
BAPKA TBEPAOrO X 035lftCTBEHH0 r 0 MblJlA n p BapKe obroibiM cnocooM noaynaeTCH JKHaKoe. H3 KHAKoro
KaanfiHoro Mbiaa mohch ncwiyHHTb raepaoe, ecna no^BeprayTb
OcHoBHbiMH MTepHajiaMii, ynoxpe^iHeMHMH npn MbiaoBapeHHH, e r o TpexKpaTHOH opaoTKe c o a tio (BbiccuiKe).
HBaHIOTCH HphE H WeJIOHb. KpOMe 9THX BemecTB, HenOCpeflCTBeHHO H o HaTpHCBaa m&aoub myiynaeTCfl txwibko npoMwuurettujM
BxoAaiHHX b 'cocTaB MbiJia, npH MHJioBapeHHH nacTo Hcno^b3yK)T nyreM h BJiHercfl 1>hu,hthoh . KamtftHyio ace m&nonb jterKo no-
obiKHOBeHHyk) noapeHuyio coJib. JiyHHTb C3MHM H3 3CWIU M H3BeCTH, K otopU e He etJjMUHTHU
noBapeHHan cojib npHMenneTCH a^ia BbiAejieHHa (BbicaaHBanHH) H HMK)TCH nOBCeMeCTHO.
MbijibHoro iHpa H3 MbMbHoro KJiea, npH BapKe HapoBbix mhji,
T. . MblJI C HeOJIbUIOH BJiatfCHOCTblO M BbICOKHM COAepaHHeM MblJlO HA KAyCTHHECKO 1I1,E^0MH
JKHpiIblX .KHCflOT, M Am OJHCTKH MblJl, CBapeHHblX H3 3arpH3HeHHHX KjieeBoe mhao
HPOB.
TKnpbi. Jim mroTOBJieimn Mbuia MoryT biTb HcnojibaoBKbi npouecc bapKii miecBoro MbiJia c KaycTHKoM b ochobhom 3a-
KaK pa3^HHHbie Ihcmbothhc ikhpw (roBHbe, apaHbe h CBHHoe K aK m eroi b Kuna^eHHH n p a c pacTBopoM meaoiH (OMwacnHH)
pajio, H p !pa3^HMHoro nyuraoro 3BepH, <mopckhx jkhbothhx, ao 0pa30BaHHH MbWbHoro KJiea oanopoaHoft npo3paiHofl THryqe
Maccbi.
puHH, kohckhh, !>khp M3 Koerefi), TaK h pacTHtejibHbie Macaa
(KOHon^HHoe, nCcwiHeHHoe, cypennoe, peunnoBoe, peneitaoei h ;aP-)-, HpoByio cMecb, npeaHa3Haqeifflyio nepepaOTKH, B3Be-
MoryT biTb T a rn e ncnojib3oBaiibi pa3juwHbie o tx o a h jkhpob, K a , j uiHBaioT, 3arpy>KaT b KOTea h HarpeBaioT ao noJiHoro pacn^a-
HanpHMep, 3 amcrm , o tc to h , nony^aeMwe b npoMHUiaeHHbix h BaenHH JKHpa. K pacnaaBaeHHOMy H p y noCTeneHHo aoaHBawT
ToproBHx npeflnpHHTHjix, H p u , coHpaeMue b HfflpoyaoBHTWiax, tohko CTpye c^ayio (5 8-npoi;.) me^iOHb, HenpepbiBHO H Tu^a-
Te^bHo nepeMeuiHBafi cMecb.
a t . n. . I
JlymilHMH M X BapKH TBepAblX X0 3 flftCTBeHHHX m hji hbjijhotch B fcpeaHeM aasr OMuaeHHH 100 Kr H po TpeyeTca 100 Kr
*h p h 'mchbothhx, o 6 jia ^a io m a e T B ep ao KoHCHCTCHiyie npH kom-
15-npou. pacTBopa TexHHHecKoro KaycTHKa, KOTopafl aoaBflaeTCH
b 34 npneMaf b Te^eHlie 23 qacoB.
HaTHo TeMnepaType.
PaciHTejibHbie mcjia b hx Harypa^tHOM BHae mojkho yno- riepBaa TpeTb sroro KoaH^ecTBa, t. e. 33 Kr, aaeTcfl noc^e
TpeJIHTb, JIHUIb ;B Ka^eCTBe OaBJieHHH K JKHBOTHbIM >KHpaM npeaapHTe^bHoro pa3aBaeHHH boaoh b KO/iHqecTBe 70 Kr a^h
b KcwiHnecTBe 2040 o/o Bce >KHpoBoft cmcch. Tepaoe xo3JiflcTBeH-
Toro, h t o 6 h noayqiiTb oiabi pacTBOp K penocTbio b 5o/0.
. Hoe MbUlO HS OHHX paCTHTeJIbHHX HpOB MOHCHO BapHTb JIHUIb tlp n aoaB^eHHH meaoHH HarpeBaiwe -He npekpamaroT ir aoBoasrr
n ooie cneuHajibnoH npoMbiuijieHHoft hx opaoTKH (raaporeHH- CMiecb ao km eu m . lUejicwb ao^HsaioT ao Tex nop, n oa H3 n p a
3auHH), b pesyjibTaTe kotopo sth hchpu npHopeiaioT TBepayio h wfi/ioHH opasyercH oaHopoaHaa Macca3MyabOHH, HanoMWHaiomaH
MOJIOKO.
cajioo6pa3Hyio kohchctchuhjo .
IU e^ O M H . B MbiJioBapcHKH npHMeHiOTCfl Ba poAa meJioHefi: OpasoBaBmyfocfl sMyAbcuto k h m t h t . B o BpeMK KuneiiH bcs
fraTpHeaa (n a y C T U K ) u Kam M ax. H a ip n e B a ji k KaaH&HaJi m e- Macca cujibHo nm iTca, h ee craeayeT bc BpeMH nepeMeuiHBaTb.
.m M oryr biTb b TaepaoM BHae h b a e pacraopoB .
E gsch nena noaHHMaeTcsi cweHb bhcoko,, to yw-eHbmaiOT HarpeBajme,
epyr nepnaKOM co aHa HcwaKocrb h c ojibmo bwcoth 'BbiJiHBaiOT
30
31
fee ja k o t& ji; n e a a n p n a r m ocaatH Baercs. U m ocaacHBaimra n e n u
moho TaKaoe o6pbi3rarb ee cepxy b o a o h .
Karma roTOBoro KJtea, nattecaiHaH Ka ctqkjio, ne pacreKaeTcfl,
a coxpaHHeT cboio (J)opMy h npH 3acraBaHHH ocraercH npoapawoft.
Koraa Macca namer crymaTbca, a iipoa Ha m iin 1 noKa>KeT,
w o iuejioHb bch H3 pacxoOaHa, AoaaAHiOT HOByro nopunio y e roTOBbifi Kjie c ropfl'ieft boaoh ne Aaer M y n r, a TaioKe coxpa-
HsteT npo3pamiocTb.
ocroee KpenKo (15-npou,.) utejKra.
IUe^OHb npHaBJiMioT nocieneHHO He6ojibiiiHMn nopnHHMK (ao Ilp o a rcwoBoro MbWtHoro KJiefi AO Jia noKaabwarb h3mtok
hcko oiuymaeMoro mtina m b3htoh n poe), npoflmxan khiihthtjj me^owK.

bck) Maccy. CBapeiufbiH TaKTiM o6pa3oiM ubuiumH iiqh moho pa3/iKBaTb


BoaHTb menoMb cpa3y 6ojibwnMn nopuKHM ne cjieAyer, noroMy b 4>opMbi um cMeurBaTb( o rmm. TaKo uwibbi vjich coAep-
q r o o t 6ojibiuoro mbiTKa mejiom mcdkct napyiuiiTbca oAnopoA- ;kht, Kaie npaBHJio, BOAbi nie wenee 40o/o h wupHbix ich ctot ne
nocTb Maccbi. ripH 3TOM JKHp BcnjibiBaeT HBepx, mejiOHb OTfle- ojiee 50 o/0.
jtaerpa, oceAaer Karoy W: HaHaBuieecH 0pa30BHBaTbca mh/io co6h- noAyqHTb KAie ojiee KOHuearpHpoaHHuS, t . e. c oamuhm
paeTca b komkh. JHajibHefimaa opaoTKa TaKofl Maccu CTaHOBHTCfl coAepncaiiweM h p h h x khcjiot nyreM ympMBaHMH 3aTpyAHTe>HD,
3aTpyflHMTeJIbHO. BcaeACTBHe tojx>, iito KJie Tepaer noABH*MocTb h nperopaeT.
B e rn BBeACM O c j m i k o m m h o to mejioH, to caeayeT npuaBHTb
iie M H o r o b O A b i. O t n p H a B J ie H H a boah K penocT b m a / io n n b K o w ie
JlApOBOe MblJIO
noHH3TCH h cHOBa o6pa3yercn OAHopoAHaa Mo.noKoo6pa3Haa Macca.
O/iHaKo, Hie CJieAyeT AOBOAjHrrb ao neweeoro n3pacxoAOBaHiia meJiOMH ^Aposoe Mbwo coAepHTi ne Meiiee 60 o/o
n p H u x khcaot.
8 Macce, TaK KaK' b Taraix oiyqaax bch >Macca M O *er npeBpaTim>C3 M iu io c TaKHM coAepaiawieM acnpHbix k h o io t m oiki nojiyMHTb
B I U I O T I ib ie , T p y A 'H O p a C T B O p H M b ie K O M b fl. nyreM BUcajimaima Mbuvmoro Kjiea, T. e. otac/ihb o t e r o a -
K u n H H'HiHte c p o cTe ne H iiiiM n o a B m m m lu e jio w cjie AyeT n p o - jirauHioK) BJiary ln pUAeviHB MUAWaoe hapo. nponecc BucajiHBaimH
A o m a r b a o trex n o p , n oK a b ch Macca H e n p e B p a n iT C H b MMJibHbiii aaiuno^aeTCH b kwih^jimh MWAbHoro KjieH c icpenKHM pacTBopoM
Kvie. ' ; ; ! ! noiBapemnoH coah. B pesy^foTaTC Tawofl opaoTKH npoHcxoAirr
ToToaHH KJie Aojm rn npexorajBJiaTb cooso rycryio, oahopoa- pasAertetfife MtuibMono lunea aa MHJibHoe HApo h mejio^b.
nyio, npo3 paMHyio jviaccy, no kohchctchuhh HanoMMnaiomyio na- J im BbicajiHBaiTHH toto b h t KpenKHft pacroop noBapeMHo ccwih
TOKy. Ecrai |p3HTb HieiMtioro aio MaccU na jinarKy h a a n e na 1 JiuTp aojuhi 200250 r cojih. Tanoro pacTBopa AOaafljnoT
MeAJietnio cTeKarb, t o ona dyneT HMeTb bha npoapa^iabix hhtcS. b Ko^m ecree 5060o/0 o t Beca JKHpoBo cmbch, noAAHBaH ero
T l p o a , B3HTaH AyiMH n&/H>uaMW, AOJiMCHa aaparrb o m y m e n n e eoflbiuHMH nopuHHMH b 5 6 npHeMB, npn nocTOHHHOM yMepeii-
CKJieHBaHMH H paCTHmBaTbCH TOBKHMH HTHMK, COTH najIbUH OCTO- hom KHneiiHH k nepeMeuiMBaHHH.
P o h k ) p a3B ecm * BbLcajiHBaraie aoahcho npoAOJiaTbca 23 Masca. n p n o^ajre-
----- ---- hwh nepBHx nopuHH paiCTBOpa ccww 3aMemaercH H3MeeHHe kjich.
1 Ilp o a Ha m Hn np 0H3B0AHrca c^e^yioiuHM o 6pa3oM: 6epyT He-
npo3paTaa, OAHapOAHaa h aa3Kaa Macca craHOBHTca noHXHee,
wibiuyio Kanjiio CMecw a KycoK OKomioro cTeiMa, ocTy>KaioT ee h
ocTopo>KHo npoyioT kohtokom n3UKa. Ilp H oJibUiofl (cHJibHoft) me^oq- c JionaTKK ona creK aer yace we ahhhhmh, a ewree kopotkhmih
hocth wyBCTayeTca KaK 6bi o e rp u ykoji na kohhhks a3H Ka. FIpn ojiee opbiBaiom.HMHca hhthmh. H o kjich ace eine npo 3 pamtbift h saMeT-
cjiaoft mejiouHOcTH TaKoe oiuym eH H * noaBHTCa He b oaho TcmKe, Boro pasA'Me'HMs: t o a m cjiohhapo h kchwer.
a Ha cwibweM npocTpancTBe ssbiKa. Ec jih cbooaho meJiomi b npoe
neT, t o na H3HKe nofly<JHTCn omymeHHe w p a , m iorAa co^oHOBaioro, npn AajifoHeftuxeM AoaBtfietHH com K/ie craHOBwrcH mythum,
a HHOrAa co cji&akhm npHBxycoM. a npo6a, B3HTaH mb Koraa a 1 TOnaray, creKaer c nee JtsSOJH-

32
K3MH BeJIH'IHHO fi AaOIIb, OCTaBJlHfl jUS OnaTKC TOHKJTO MbWIbHyiO CopaBuieecH cepxy flApo cvepnuBSiqT b (jx>pMy. C'iepnbiBsTb
wimcy, MecrawK npopsaHiiyio. a oaancaiomyio cyxoe epeBO. AbiAO HaAO OCTOPO*HO, H3er3^ 3 axaTbiaaTb meAio^b. Ecam csep xy
OKommne npouacca BHca/uiBaiiHa onpeftiaercH pe3KHM pa3 - iApa o6pa30BaAacb nAeimca hah ocraiAacb a e oceBiuaa neaa, to
Ae.TeHHeM Mbuwmro KJiea m hapo n nmtaiioio uimnb. Bueiumm IX CHJJMaiOT.
bha Mbuia npn 3T0M pe3KO H3Mejiflercaoho cramsmca Henpo-
3pa*iBbrM li npnoperaer 3epaHcryK) crpyKTypy. OTAejiratie 3ep-
M bW O HA KAJlH fiH O fl lUE^OHH
HbiiuKH Hpa, nAaBatomne b noAMUAbaofi ajeAna, hcho bhabh,
eaiH B3sm> npoy Ha AepeBarayso jionaTKy. npH aaKAHHOM no- M h a o a a KaAHfiaoft iuanoHH &apar t o t o o tskhm e cnoco-
jiojKeHHH c aee yAyT CTeKaTb 3epabimKa axpa a CTpy&KH noA-
6 om,K3K a aa HSTpHeaoft meAOHH. H o mhao, capeiiHoe m
MMbHO mejIOHH.
K3AHKH0 H meAOMH, nOAy^jaeTCH ObMHO HA^'HM. H3 X H A K O r O Ka-
BbicoAKy mokho CTHTaTb 3aKOHHQKHOH, ecAH npoa m eiiow , AHHoro Mbvia Moxm no^yqH Tb T s e p A o e m hao, ecAH opaoTSTb
B3JTTO aa creraaKHyio iuiacTHHKy, ocraerCH no oxjra*AeiiMH coeep- ero COJIblO T,aKHM >Ke CnOCOOM, KaKHM npOH3BOA3T BUC3AHB3inie
memo npo3paTOo a khakoh. Bcah npoa cryAeaacra, t o b AAH noAyqeHHH HApooro muia.
KOTeji w e A y e r AoaBHTib em e aeKOTopoe rnjimtcrBO coah.
npn BHcaAHBamiii >KHAJ<oe Kajimme mhao npeBfpaiuaerca b
ocne oKOHHanM BHcaAHBaHHH HarpeBatKKe npeicpamaioT. Eo ih TeepAoe naTpneBoe mhao. OAHOKpatmoro BHcaAHBaHHa a a 3Toro
Bapjuiocb Heoflbmoe kcwihtoctbo MHjta, to kot&ft, htoSm oh ne CibroaeT HeAOiCTaTO^Ho, u e r o np0K3B0AaT a e MCHee Ayx :p a 3 . riep-
OCTHBcl CAHHIKOM bICTpO, yKptlBaiOT yTeiMflIOlUHM MaTCpHaJIOM. aoe BUcaAiHBaaae acabiot KpenKHM pacraopoM noapeHnoft ooak
Mepe3 3 5 mcos mhao iwihoctm o ota& naerrca o t m exom . (200250 r a 1 iahtp boah) b KOAHnecTae 5060o/o| k pecy h-
m&oo>a> cnyocaioT iiepe3 KpaH BHH3y kotas, jiho oopaiaiueecH pBoft CMCCH.
cepxy HApo cnepnuBaiOT b Apyroft kot&a CMeiUHBauWa! c tah-
OTAeAieHHoe A p o, c Ao6aBAeHMM b oah ao nepBOHanaAMioro
ho, hjih uiAH^yiocp ero a pa3^HBaK/r b <J>opMiH.
o & b e m , n p n HarpeBanjHH a nepeMeuiHBajma nepesoAaT b KAeeBoe
FIoAMHJibBaa m&no^b coAep*ar coAt, a ee nocAe ynapHBaHaa oocroaiHHie. Bhobb noAyMeHHbt Knefl n oA B epram BTopumcoft otooakc.
M05KH0 ynoTpeaarb ajih BHcaJiHBaaaa nocneAyiomHX naprofl MbiJia. E e npooaaT to h h o to k ine, Kax m nepsyio. PacTBopa no^apeaao
nocaie ncwmoro oTAeJimita naAMbuibUo m&AOHH k HApy AoaBJiHtoT qojih AoaBJunoT MeWbiue, mgm npn nepBOM BHcaAHsaaMH, b koah-
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