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CEMENT & ITS RAW MATERIALS

Md. Tahmidul Islam


Manager
Lab & Quality Control Department
Mongla Cement Factory
E mail: tuhintahmid@gmail.com
CLINKER

LIMSTONE (CaCO3+MgCO3) + CLAY (SiO2+Al2O3+ Fe2O3+MgCO3) + BAUXITE (Al2O3) + SILICA (SiO2)

Clinker
C3S 60% Above
SOURCE
C2S 12- 18%
SOUTH KOREA
C3A 07- 09% THAILAND
HEAT 1450 C Free Lime - 1 % Max CHINA, VIETNAM
(ROTARY KILN) Insoluble Residue - 0.5% Max
Loss on Ignition - 1% Max
Chloride 0.01% Max

CLINKER
C3 S (Alite) - : Rapid Contribution to strength
C2 S (Belite)- : Slow Contribution to strength
C3 A : Rapid Contribution to strength
C4 AF : V. Slow Contribution to strength
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Chemical composition of Raw Materials

Composition Clinker Flyash Blast Furnace Slag Limestone Gypsum

Calcium Oxide (CaO) 66-67 % 09% 35 -45 % 47.6 % 30.6


Silica (SiO2) 19-22% 50-65% 30 -38 % Purity of
Aluminium Oxide (Al2O3) 4-7 % 25-35% 10 -18% Purity of Gypsum
Limestone 90 % Min.
Iron Oxide (Fe2O3) 3-4 % 3-20% 1% 85 % Min.
Magnesium Oxide (MgO) 3% 1-2% 5-10 % 0.5 %
Sulphur Tri Oxide (SO3) 0.5% 0.50 % 0.50 % 43 %
Insoluble Residue (IR) 0.5 % --- 0.5 % 4% 2%
Loss on Ignition (LOI) 0.5 % 4% 0.5 %
FLY ASH
Advantage
1.Reduced Bleeding and
Segregation
2. Improved Workability
3.Reduced Heat of
Hydration
4. Higher Ultimate
Strength
5. Reduced Permeability
6.Increased Resistance to
sulfate Attack
7.Improved Resistance to
corrosion
8. Increased Resistance to
Alkali Silica Reactivity
Blast Furnace Slag (GBFS)
Advantage
1. Higher long term Strength
2. Improved Workability
3. Lower heat of hydration
4. Reduced permeability
5. Resistance to sulphate attack
6. Resistance to chloride attack
7. Resistance to Alkali-Aggregate
reaction
8. Reduced leaching

Md. Tahmidul Islam


Mongla Cement Factory
LIMESTONE

Advantage
Particle packing
Improved particle size
distribution
It has been observed that initial
compressive strength of the
concrete increase due to the
pore-filling effects and PFA also.

Md. Tahmidul Islam


Mongla Cement Factory