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Common Derivatives and Integrals

Derivatives

Basic Properties/Formulas/Rules

d

dx

d

dx

cf

n

x

x

nx

n

cf

x

, c is any constant.

1

, n is any number.

f x

d

dx

c

g

x

f

x

g

x

0 , c is any constant.

f g

f

g

f g

d

dx

d

dx

f

e

g

g

x

x

g

x

f

e

g

(Product Rule)

f

g

f

g

f g

2

g

g

x

x

g

x

(Chain Rule)

d

dx

ln g

x

g

x

g

x

(Quotient Rule)

Common Derivatives Polynomials

d

dx

c

0

d

dx

x

1

d

dx

cx

c

d

dx

n

x

n

nx

1

d

dx

n

cx

n

1

ncx

Trig Functions

d

dx

d

dx

sin x

sec x

cos

sec

x

x

tan

x

d

dx

d

dx

cos x

csc x

sin

csc

x

x

cot

x

Inverse Trig Functions d 1 d 1 1 sin x cos x dx 2 1
Inverse Trig Functions
d
1
d
1
1
sin
x
cos
x
dx
2
1 x
dx
d
1
d
1
1
sec
x
csc
x
dx
2
x
x
1
dx

Exponential/Logarithm Functions

a

d

dx

d

dx

a

x

ln

a

x

x

ln

1

x

,

d

dx

d

dx

d

dx

d

dx

e x

e

x

x

0

ln x

Hyperbolic Trig Functions

d

dx

d

dx

sinh x

sech x

cosh

x

sech

x

tanh

x

cosh x

csch x

1

2 1 x
2
1 x

1

2 x x 1
2
x
x
1

1

x

,

x

0

sinh

csch

x

x

coth

x

d

dx

d

dx

d

dx

d

dx

d

dx

d

dx

d

dx

tan

cot

tan

cot

log

x

x

a

1

1

tanh

coth

sec

2

x

csc

2

x

x

x

1

1

2

x

1

1

2

x

x

x

x

1

x

ln

a

sech

2

x

csch

2

,

x

x

0

Visit http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu for a complete set of Calculus I & II notes.

Common Derivatives and Integrals

Integrals

Basic Properties/Formulas/Rules

cf

b

x

x

dx c

dx

f x dx , c is a constant.

F

x

b

a

b

a

f

f

x

F

b

F

a

f

x

g

x

dx

f x dx

f

b

a

x

f

dx

dx

g x dx

a

b

a

a

b

a

f

where F x

b

c

f

then

 

b

f

x

 

 

g

x

dx

a

b

f

x

 

a

dx

 

f

a

b

 

b

a cdx c

b a

 

b

dx

g

x

dx

 
 

a

1

 

n

x dx

 

dx

f

x

b

a

f

dx 0

x

c

x

n

dx

x

n

1

1

x

p

q q

p

1

dx

x

p

q

1

x

dx

b

a

g

c

,

n

1

x

n

1

c

,

p

n

q

q

x

q

p

q

1

c

x

a

If

If

cf

x

dx c

f x

f x

dx 0

dx

c

a

x dx , c is a constant.

dx

x

b

a

f x 0 on a x b

f x g x on a x b then

Common Integrals Polynomials

dx x c 1 dx ln x c x 1 1 dx ln ax b
dx x c
1 dx
ln
x
c
x
1
1
dx
ln
ax
b
ax
b
a
Trig Functions
cos u du sin u c
sec u tan u du sec u c

tan

sec

csc

u du

u

u

du

du

ln sec

ln sec

ln csc

u

u

u

c

tan

cot

x

1

c

k dx k x c

dx

ln x

n 1

x

n

1

1

c

u

u

c

c

sin u du cos u c csc u cot udu csc u c

 

sec

2

u du tan u c

 

csc

2

u du cot u c

 

cot

u du

ln sin

u

c

sec

3

u

du

1

2

sec

u

tan

u

ln

sec

u

tan

u

c

csc

3

u

du

1

2

csc

u

cot

u

ln

csc

u

cot

u

c

   

Exponential/Logarithm Functions

e

e

e

u

du

e

u

c

au

au

sin

bu du

cos

bu du

e au

a 2

b

e

au

2

2

a

b

2

a

a

sin

a

u

du

bu

b

u

a

c

ln a

cos

bu

cos

bu

b

sin

bu

c

c

ln u du u ln u u c

u

e

u

du

u

1

e

u

c

1

u

ln

u

du

ln ln

u

c

dx

Visit http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu for a complete set of Calculus I & II notes.

Common Derivatives and Integrals

Inverse Trig Functions

1 u 1 du sin c 2 2 a u a
1
u
1
du
sin
c
2
2
a
u
a
1 1 u 1 du tan c 2 a 2 u a a 1 1
1
1
u
1
du
tan
c
2
a 2
u
a
a
1
1
u
1
du
sec
c
2
2
u
u
a
a
a

sin

1

u du

tan

1

u du

cos

1

u du

1 2 usin u 1 u c 1 1 2 u tan u ln 1
1
2
usin
u
1
u
c
1
1
2
u
tan
u
ln
1
u
c
2
1
2
ucos
u
1
u
c

Hyperbolic Trig Functions sinh u du cosh u c

sech tanh u du sech u c

cosh u du sinh u c

csch coth u du csch u c

sech u du tanh u c

csch

2

2

u du coth u c

1 tanh u du ln cosh u c sech u du tan sinh u c
1
tanh u du ln cosh u c
sech
u du
tan
sinh u
c
Miscellaneous
1
1
u
a
1
1
u
a
2 du
ln
c
du
ln
2
2
2
a
u
2
a
u
a
u
a
2
a
u
a
2
u
a
2
2
2
2
2
2
a
u
du
a
u
ln
u
a
u
c
2
2
2
u
a
2
2
2
2
2
2
u
a
du
u
a
ln
u
u
a
c
2
2
2
u
a
u
2
2
2
2
1
a
u
du
a
u
sin
c
2
2
a
2
u
a
a
a
u
2
2
1
2
au
u
du
2
au
u
cos
c
2
2
a

c

Standard Integration Techniques Note that all but the first one of these tend to be taught in a Calculus II class.

u Substitution

Given

b

a

f

g

integral,

b

a

f

x

g

x

g

x

g

dx

then the substitution u g x will convert this into the

x

dx

g b

g

a

f

u

du .

Integration by Parts The standard formulas for integration by parts are,

udv

uv

vdu

b

udv

a

uv

b

a

b

vdu

a

Choose u and dv and then compute du by differentiating u and compute v by using the fact that v dv .

Visit http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu for a complete set of Calculus I & II notes.

Common Derivatives and Integrals

Trig Substitutions If the integral contains the following root use the given substitution and formula.

a 2 2 2 2 2 a b x x sin q and cos q
a
2 2
2
2
2
a
b x
x
sin
q
and
cos
q
1
sin
q
b
a
2
2
2
2
2
b x
a
x
sec
q
and
tan
q
sec
q
1
b
a
2
2
2
2
2
a
b
x
x
tan
q
and
sec
q
1
tan
q
b
Partial Fractions
P
x
If integrating
dx where the degree (largest exponent) of P x is smaller than the
Q
x

degree of Q x then factor the denominator as completely as possible and find the partial

fraction decomposition of the rational expression. Integrate the partial fraction decomposition (P.F.D.). For each factor in the denominator we get term(s) in the decomposition according to the following table.

Factor in Q x

Term in P.F.D

Factor in Q x

 

Term in P.F.D

 
   

A

   

ax b

k

 

A

1

 

A

2

L

 

A

k

 

ax b

 

ax b

Ax

B

 

ax

A x

1

b

ax

B

1

b

2

A x

k

ax

B

k

b

k

   

 

k

L

ax

2

bx c

ax

2

bx

c

ax

2

bx c

 

ax

2

bx

c

 

ax

2

bx

c

k

Products and (some) Quotients of Trig Functions

sin

n

x

cos

m

x dx

1. If n is odd. Strip one sine out and convert the remaining sines to cosines using

sin

2

2

x 1 cos x , then use the substitution u cos x

2. If m is odd. Strip one cosine out and convert the remaining cosines to sines

using

cos

2 x 1 sin

2

x , then use the substitution u sin x

3. If n and m are both odd. Use either 1. or 2.

4. If n and m are both even. Use double angle formula for sine and/or half angle formulas to reduce the integral into a form that can be integrated.

tan

n

x

sec

m

x dx

1. If n is odd. Strip one tangent and one secant out and convert the remaining

tangents to secants using

tan

2

2

x sec x 1 , then use the substitution u sec x

2. If m is even. Strip two secants out and convert the remaining secants to tangents

using

sec

2 x 1 tan

2

x , then use the substitution u tan x

3. If n is odd and m is even. Use either 1. or 2.

4. If n is even and m is odd. Each integral will be dealt with differently.

Convert Example :

cos

6

x

cos

2

x

3

1 sin

2

x

3

Visit http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu for a complete set of Calculus I & II notes.