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Written according to the New Text book (2012-2013) published by the Maharashtra State

Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Pune.

Triumph Physics

Prof. Umakant N. Kondapure Prof. Chandrabhushan Choudhary

M.Sc., B.Ed., Solapur M.Sc., Magadh University

Salient Features:

9 Exhaustive coverage of MCQs subtopic wise

9 Important formulae in each chapter

9 Shortcuts for tricky MCQs

9 Hints provided wherever relevant

9 Each chapter contains three sections

9 Section 1 contains easy level questions

9 Section 2 contains competitive level questions

9 Section 3 contains questions from various competitive exams

9 Useful for NEET and ISEET preparation

Mumbai, Maharashtra

Tel: 022 6551 6551

Website : www.targetpublications.in

www.targetpublications.org

email : mail@targetpublications.in

Std. XII Sci.

Triumph Physics

Price : ` 240/-

Printed at:

Anjum Binding Work

Worli

Published by

Target PUBLICATIONS PVT. LTD.

Shiv Mandir Sabhagriha,

Mhatre Nagar, Near LIC Colony,

Mithagar Road,

Mulund (E),

Mumbai - 400 081

Off.Tel: 022 6551 6551

email: mail@targetpublications.in

PREFACE

With the change in educational curriculum its now time for a change in Competitive Examinations as well.

NEET and ISEET are all poised to take over the decade old MHT-CET. The change is obvious not

merely in the names but also at the competitive levels. The state level entrance examination is ushered aside

and the battleground is ready for a National level platform. However, keeping up with the tradition, Target

Publications is ready for this challenge.

To be at pace with the changing scenario and equip students for a fierce competition, Target

Publications has launched the Triumph series. Triumph Physics is entirely based on Std. XII (Science)

curriculum of the Maharashtra Board. This book will not only assist students with MCQs of Std. XII but will

also help them to prepare for NEET and ISEET and various other competitive examinations.

The content of this book has evolved from the State Board prescribed Text Book and weve made

every effort to include most precise and updated information in it. Multiple Choice Questions form the crux

of this book. We have framed them on every sub topic included in the curriculum. Each chapter is divided

into three sections:

Section 1: It consists of basic MCQs based on subtopics of Text Book.

Section 2: It consists of competitive level MCQs.

Section 3: It consists of MCQs relevant to entire syllabus and asked in various competitive

examinations.

To end on a candid note, we make a humble request for students: Preserve this book as a Holy Grail.

This book would prove as an absolute weapon in your arsenal for your combat against Medical and

Engineering entrance examinations.

Yours faithfully

Publisher

Contents

Page

Sr. No. Unit

No.

1 Circular Motion 1

2 Gravitation 33

3 Rotational Motion 60

4 Oscillations 87

5 Elasticity 120

12 Electrostatics 283

15 Magnetism 340

19 Semiconductors 412

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

01 Circular motion

Formulae Ze 2 mv 2

= = m2r

40 r 2

r

1. Uniform Circular Motion (U.C.M):

dv 4 2 r

i. Average acceleration = = m 42 n2r = m

dt T2

d v 2 where Z = atomic number of the

ii. = constant = = = 2f = nucleus.

dt r T

iii. = 0 3. Motion of a vehicle on a curve road:

iv. Linear acceleration = centripetal acc. i. inclination of the curve road

v2 4 2 r v2

= a = v = = r2 = 42n2r = tan =

r T2 rg

1 2 ii. the maximum velocity v, with which a

v. Time period = T = =

frequency (f ) vehicle can go so that there is no

skidding, is v = rg

2. Centripetal force and acceleration:

mv2 where = coefficient of limiting friction

i. Centripetal force Fcp = between the wheels and the road.

r iii. the maximum velocity with which a

= mr = mv = mr (2f)2

2

vehicle can go without toppling, is given

2

2 4 2 mr d rg tan

= mr = by v = rg =

T T2 2h

ii. In the term of vector magnitude of d

here, tan =

centripetal force 2h

mv 2 d = distance between the wheels

Fc = r0 ( r0 is unit vector) h = height of centre of gravity from the

r

road

= m2 r = m v g = acceleration due to gravity

iii. Magnitude of Centrifugal force 4. Banking of roads:

= Magnitude of Centripetal force i. The proper velocity or optimum v on a

mv2 road banked by an angle with the

i.e Fcf = (in magnitude) horizontal is given by

r

+ tan

iv. In the term of vector magnitude of v= rg s

centrifugal force 1 s tan

mv 2 where r = radius of curvature of road

Fc = r0 ( r0 is unit vector)

r g = acceleration due to gravity

s = coefficient of friction between road

= m2 r = m v and tyres

v2 when s = 0, v = rg tan

v. Centripetal acceleration =

r

ii. Maximum velocity without skidding on

vi. Tangential acceleration = r a banked road

vii. When an electron moves round the

v = rg tan( + 0 )

nucleus of an atom along a circular path,

we have where = angle of banking, = tan 0

1

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

v = rg tan( + m ) g tan

iv. =

where = angle of banking r

d

tan m = Notes

2h

d = distance between two wheels or 1. Radian measure must be used in equations

width that contains linear and angular quantities.

h = height of C.G. from road 2. Finite angular displacement is a scalar

5. Vertical Circular Motion: quantity because it does not obey the laws of

vector addition.

i. Velocity at highest point vB rg

ii. Velocity at the lowest point vA 5rg 3. In U.C.M is only constant vector but and

iii. Velocity at a point along horizontal are variable vectors.

vC 3rg

4. All the points on a rotating body in U.C.M

iv. Acceleration at the highest point aB = g have same except centre as it is not

v. Acceleration at the bottom point aA = 5g rotating.

vi. Acceleration along horizontal aC = 3g

vii. Tension at top most point 5. Instantaneous angular displacement is a

vector quantity.

mv 2B

TB = mg 0 6. Angular speed is a scalar quantity but angular

r

viii. Tension at the lowest point velocity is a vector quantity but both have

same units i.e rad/s.

mv 2A

TA = + mg 6 mg

r 7. The direction of , , is given by the right

ix. Tension at a point where the string hand thumb rule.

makes an angle with the lower vertical

line 8. of earth about its axis is 7 105 rad/s or

360 per day.

mv 2

T = + mg cos 9. When a particle moves in a circle with

r

x. Tension at midway position where constant speed its velocity is variable because

of changing direction.

= 90

mv2 10. Centrifugal force is a fictitious force and

TC = [cos 90 = 0] holds good in a rotating frame of reference.

r

xi. Total energy at different points 11. An observer on the moving particle

5 experiences only the centrifugal force, but an

EA = EB = EC = mrg observer stationary with respect to the centre

2

can experience or measure only the

xii. Total energy at any point centripetal force.

1

E = mv 2 + mgr(1 cos ) 12. Whenever a particle is in a U.C.M or non

2

U.C.M., centripetal and centrifugal force act

6. Conical Pendulum: simultaneously. They are both equal and

g opposite but do not cancel each other.

i. Angular velocity = =

l cos 13. Centripetal force and Centrifugal force are

not action reaction forces as action reaction

2 l cos forces act on different bodies.

ii. Periodic time = = 2

g

14. The direction of centripetal force is same

l sin whether the rotation of the circular path is

=

g tan clockwise or anticlockwise.

2 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

15. Sources of centripetal force: 26. In horizontal uniform circular motion, kinetic

i. Coin placed on disk: In this case energy and magnitude of linear momentum

frictional force gives necessary remains constant, but the direction of linear

centripetal force. momentum keeps on changing.

ii. Car moving on a smooth banked road: 27. Whenever the body moves, the force

N sin gives necessary centripetal responsible for motion is the vector sum of all

force. the forces acting at that point.

ii. Passenger sitting in a turning car: Eg:Lift going up and down with acceleration

Necessary centripetal force is provided a.

by seat and passenger.

28. For non uniform circular motion

16. Centripetal force is not responsible for

rotational motion of a body, because only a = r + v

torque can produce rotational motion.

29. When a bucket full of water is rotated in a

17. Centrifuge is an apparatus used to separate vertical circle, water will not spill only if

heavier particles from the lighter particles in velocity of bucket at the highest point is

a liquid. gr .

18. Range of acceleration in circular motion 30. If velocity imparted to body at the lowest

90 < 180.

position is equal to 2rg then it will oscillate

19. The radius of the curved path is the distance in semicircle.

from the centre of curved path to the centre of

gravity of the body. It is to be considered Shortcuts

when the centre of gravity of body is at a 1. The basic formula for acceleration is a = v.

height from the surface of road or surface of

spherical body. 2. In U.C.M, if central angle or angular

displacement is given then simply apply

20. Whenever a car is taking a horizontal turn, the

normal reaction is at the inner wheel. dv = 2v sin to determine change in velocity.

2

21. While taking a turn, when car overturns, its 3. There are two types of acceleration ar (radial)

inner wheels leave the ground first. and at (tangential) acceleration.

dv

22. If a body moves in a cylindrical well (well of Formula for ar = 2r and at = or r

death,) the velocity required will be minimum dt

safest velocity and in this case the weight of 4. To calculate angular displacement, apply the

the body will be balanced by component of 1

normal reaction and the minimum safest formula = t + t2

2

velocity is given by the formula rg .

5. To find out number of revolutions, always

23. Cyclist leans his cycle to make an angle to apply the formula

avoid topling; not to provide centripetal force. t 2nt

no of revolutions = = = = nt

24. If a body is kept at rest at the highest point of 2 2 2

convex road and pushed along the surface to

perform circular motion, the body will fall 6. Since Fc v , therefore, no work is done by

r the centripetal force.

after travelling a vertical distance of from

3 7. Always remember there is difference between

the highest point where r is the radius of the maximum and minimum safest velocity.

circular path. The formula for

25. When a body moves in a circular path with i. vmax = rg and

constant speed, its linear momentum changes

rg

at every point, but its kinetic energy remains ii. vmin =

constant.

3

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

vertical is the angle of banking along a curved i. = mg N where N is normal

r

road. reaction.

9. On frictional surface, a body performing mv2

ii. = N mg

circular motion, the centripetal force is r

provided by the force of friction.

fS = N but on horizontal surface N = mg Remember if in the question, it is given that

from a certain point body falls then at that

10. The minimum safe velocity for not point N = 0.

gdr

overturning is v = 16. Effect of rotation of earth about its axis

2h The apparent loss in weight of a body on its

11. While rounding a curve on a level road, surface = m2 R cos2 where

centripetal force required by the vehicle is m = mass of body

provided by force of friction between the tyres = angular velocity of earth

and the road. R = radius of earth

mv2 = latitude

= F = R = mg

r

17. In horizontal circle, tension will be equal to

12. To avoid dependence on friction for the mv2

supply of necessary centripetal force, curved centripetal force i.e. T =

r

roads are usually banked by raising outer edge

i. The minimum velocity of projection at

of the road above the inner edge.

the lowest point of vertical circle so that

13. The angle of banking () is given by the string slacken at the highest point, is

v2 h given by vL = 5gr

tan = =

rg l h2

2

ii. velocity at the highest point is vH = gr

where h is height of the outer edge above the

inner edge and l is length of the road. 18. If TL is the tension at the lowest point and TH

is the tension at the highest point then

14. On the same basis, a cyclist has to bend

TL TH = 6 mg

through an angle from his vertical position

while rounding a curve of radius r with 19. When

v2 i. vL = 2gr , the body moves in a vertical

velocity v such that tan =

rg semicircle about the lowest point L,

If is very very small, then ii. vL < 2gr , then the body oscillates in a

v2 circular arc smaller than the semicircle.

tan = sin =

rg iii. For a motor cyclist to loop a vertical

v2

h loop, vL > 5gr and vH > gr

=

rg l

20. The total energy of any body revolving in a

where h is height of the outer edge from the vertical circle is (5/2) mgr.

inner edge and l is the distance between the

tracks or width of the road. 21. The distance travelled by the particle

performing uniform circular motion in t

15. Always remember the formulas for velocity of 2r

the body at the top, bottom and at the middle seconds is given by the formula, d = t.

T

of a circle with two distinct cases

i. path is convex 22. To find out any unknown quantity, if body

ii. path is concave moves in vertical circle resolve mg and if the

Remember in both the cases formula will be body moves in horizontal circle resolve

different. tension or normal reaction.

4 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

10. A body moves with constant angular velocity

SECTION - 1 on a circle. Magnitude of angular acceleration

is

1.1 Angular displacement

(A) r2 (B) constant

1. The angular displacement in circular motion is (C) zero (D) r

(A) dimensional quantity

(B) dimensionless quantity 11. A wheel having a diameter of 3 m starts from

(C) unitless and dimensionless quantity rest and accelerates uniformly to an angular

(D) unitless quantity velocity of 210 rpm in 5 seconds. Angular

acceleration of the wheel is

2. Angular displacement is measured in (A) 4.4 rad s2 (B) 3.3 rad s2

(A) metre (B) time

(C) 2.2 rad s2 (D) 1.1 rad s2

(C) radian (D) steradian

1.2 Angular velocity and angular acceleration 1.3 Relation between linear velocity and

angular velocity

3. A body of mass 100 g is revolving in a

horizontal circle. If its frequency of rotation is 12. The vector relation between linear velocity v ,

3.5 and radius of circular path is 0.5 m, the

angular velocity and radius vector r is

angular speed of the body is

given by

(A) 18 rad/s (B) 20 rad/s

(C) 22 rad/s (D) 24 rad/s (A) v = r (B) v = r +

4. The angular velocity of a particle rotating in a

(C) v = . r (D) v = r .

circular orbit 100 times per minute is

(A) 1.66 rad/s (B) 10.47 rad/s 13. The angular velocity of a wheel is 70 rad/sec.

(C) 10.47 deg/s (D) 60 deg/s If the radius of the wheel is 0.5 m, then linear

5. What is the angular speed of the seconds hand velocity of the wheel is

of a watch? (A) 70 m/s (B) 35 m/s

(A) 60 rad/s (B) rad/s (C) 30 m/s (D) 20 m/s

(C) /30 rad/s (D) 2 rad/s

14. A body is whirled in a horizontal circle of

6. What is the angular velocity of the earth? radius 20 cm. It has angular velocity of 10

2 2 rad/s. What is its linear velocity at any point

(A) rad/sec (B) rad/sec on circular path?

86400 3600

(A) 10 m/s (B) 2 m/s

2 2

(C) rad/sec (D) rad/sec (C) 20 m/s (D) 2 m/s

24 6400

7. The ratio of angular speeds of second-hand 15. A particle moves in a circular path, 0.4 m in

and hour hand of a watch is radius, with constant speed. If particle makes

(A) 1 : 720 (B) 60 : 1 5 revolutions in each second of its motion, the

(C) 1 : 60 (D) 720 : 1 speed of the particle is

(A) 10.6 m/s (B) 11.2 m/s

8. A wheel has circumference C. If it makes

(C) 12.6 m/s (D) 13.6 m/s

n rps, the linear speed of a point on the

circumference is 1.4 Uniform Circular Motion (U.C.M)

(A) 2nC (B) nC

(C) nC/2 (D) nC/60 16. Select the WRONG statement.

(A) In U.C.M linear speed is constant.

9. An electric motor of 12 horse-power generates

an angular velocity of 125 rad/s. What will be (B) In U.C.M linear velocity is constant.

the frequency of rotation? (C) In U.C.M magnitude of angular

(A) 20 (B) 20/ momentum is constant.

(C) 20/2 (D) 40 (D) In U.C.M angular velocity is constant.

5

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

17. A particle moves along a circular orbit with 23. If the angle between tangential acceleration

constant angular velocity. This necessarily and resultant acceleration in non U.C.M. is ,

means, then direction of the resultant acceleration will

(A) its motion is confined to a single plane. be

(B) its motion is not confined to a single a a

plane. (A) tan1 t (B) tan1 r

(C) nothing can be said regarding the plane ar at

of motion. a a

(D) its motion is one-dimensional. (C) tan1 r (D) tan1 t

a a

18. In a uniform circular motion

24. An electric fan has blades of length 30 cm as

(A) both velocity and acceleration are

measured from the axis of rotation. If the fan

constant

is rotating at 1200 r.p.m. The acceleration of a

(B) velocity changes and acceleration is

point on the tip of the blade is about

constant

(A) 1600 cm/sec2 (B) 4740 cm/sec2

(C) velocity is constant and acceleration

changes (C) 2370 cm/sec2 (D) 5055 cm/sec2

(D) both velocity and acceleration changes 25. The diameter of a flywheel is 1.2 m and it

19. A particle moves along a circle with a uniform makes 900 revolutions per minute. Calculate

the acceleration at a point on its rim.

speed v. After it has made an angle of 30 its

speed will be (A) 540 2 m/s2 (B) 270 m/s2

v (C) 3602 m/s2 (D) 540 m/s2

(A) v 2 (B)

2 26. A car is moving along a circular road at a

v speed of 20 m/s. The radius of circular road is

(C) (D) v 10 m. If the speed is increased at the rate of

3

30 m/s2, what is the resultant acceleration at

20. If a particle moves in a circle describing equal that moment?

angles in equal intervals of time, the velocity (A) 10 m/s2 (B) 50 m/s2

vector (C) 250 m/s2 (D) 80 m/s2

(A) remains constant

(B) changes in magnitude only 27. A particle in U.C.M. possess linear

acceleration since

(C) changes in direction only

(A) its linear speed changes continuously

(D) changes both in magnitude and direction

(B) both magnitude and direction of linear

1.5 Acceleration in U.C.M (Radial acceleration) velocity change continuously

(C) direction of linear velocity changes

21. The acceleration of a particle in U.C.M. continuously

directed towards centre and along the radius is

(D) its linear speed does not changes

called

continuously

(A) Centripetal acceleration

(B) Centrifugal acceleration 28. The angular speed (in rev/min) needed for a

(C) Gravitational acceleration centrifuge to produce an acceleration of 1000

(D) Tangential acceleration g at a radius arm of 10 cm is

(A) 1500 rev/min (B) 4000 rev/min

22. In an inertial frame of reference, a body

(C) 2000 rev/min (D) 3000 rev/min

performing uniform circular motion in

clockwise direction has 29. If a cycle wheel of radius 0.4 m completes one

(A) constant velocity revolution in one second, then acceleration of

(B) zero angular acceleration the cycle is

(C) centripetal acceleration (A) 0.4 m/s2 (B) 0.8 m/s2

(D) tangential acceleration (C) 0.4 2 m/s2 (D) 1.6 2 m/s2

6 Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

SECTION - 2

angular velocity

1.1 Angular displacement

9. To enable a particle to describe a circular path

1. A wheel rotates with a constant angular what should be the angle between its velocity

velocity of 300 rpm, the angle through which and acceleration?

the wheel rotates in one second is (A) 0 (B) 45

(A) rad (B) 5 rad (C) 90 (D) 180

(C) 10 rad (D) 20 rad

10. A body revolves n times in a circle of radius

1.2 Angular velocity and angular acceleration

cm in one minute. Its linear velocity is

2. The ratio of angular speed of second hand to 60 2n

that of the minute hand of a clock is (A) cm/s (B) cm/s

2n 60

(A) 60 : 1 (B) 1 : 60

2 2 n 22 n 2

(C) 1 : 1 (D) 1 : 6 (C) cm/s (D) cm/s

60 60

3. What is the angular speed of the minute hand

of the clock, in degrees per second? 11. Two cars C1 and C2 are going round

(A) 0.01 (B) 0.1 concentric circles of radii R1 and R2. They

(C) 1.0 (D) 0.001 complete the circular paths in the same time.

Speed of C1

4. A particle is describing the circular path of Then =

Speed of C2

radius 20 m in every 2 s. The average angular

speed of the particle during 4 s is (A) 1 (B) R1/R2

(A) 20 rad s1 (B) 4 rad s1 (C) R2/R1 (D) data insufficient

1

(C) rad s (D) 2 rad s1

12. A wheel is 0.25 m in radius. When it makes 15

5. Calculate the angular acceleration if a revolutions per minute, its linear speed at a

flywheel gains a speed of 540 rpm in point on circumference is

6 seconds.

(A) 3 rad s2 (B) 6 rad s2 (A) m/s (B) m/s

2 8

(C) 9 rad s2 (D) 12 rad s2

(C) m/s (D) m/s

6. A particle is in circular motion in a horizontal 4

plane. It has angular velocity of 10 rad/s at

the end of 2 s and angular velocity 15 rad/s 13. A stone tied to the end of a string of length

at 4 s. The angular acceleration of particle is 50 cm is whirled in a horizontal circle with a

constant speed. If the stone makes 40

(A) 5 rad/s2 (B) 2.5 rad/s2

revolutions in 20 s, then the speed of the stone

(C) 7.5 rad/s2 (D) 2 rad/s2 along the circle is

7. The linear velocity of a particle on the N-pole (A) /2 ms1 (B) ms1

of the earth is (C) 2 ms1 (D) 4 ms1

(A) 0 (B) 486 km/hr

(C) infinite (D) 125 m/s 14. The radius of the earth is 6400 km. The linear

velocity of a point on the equator is nearly

8. A particle P is moving in a circle of radius a (A) 1600 km/hr (B) 1674 km/hr

with a uniform speed v. C is the centre of the

(C) 1500 km/hr (D) 1800 km/hr

circle and AB is a diameter. When passing

through B the angular velocity of P about A 15. What is the value of linear velocity, if

and C are in the ratio v

(A) 1 : 1 = 3i 4j + k and r = 5i 6j + 6k ?

(B) 1 : 2 A C r B (A) 6i + 2j 3k (B) 18i 13j + 2k

2r P

(C) 2 : 1

(D) 4 : 1 (C) 4i 13j + 6k (D) 6i 2j + 8k

10 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

16. If the equation for the displacement of a 22. An aircraft executes a horizontal loop of

particle moving on a circular path is given by radius 1 km with a steady speed of 900 km/h.

= 2t3 + 0.5, where is in radian and t is in Ratio of its centripetal acceleration to

seconds, then the angular velocity of the acceleration due to gravity is

particle at t = 2 s is (A) 9.2 (B) 6.25

(A) 8 rad/s (B) 12 rad/s (C) 5.0 (D) 8.25

(C) 24 rad/s (D) 36 rad/s

23. A turn table, which is rotating uniformly, has a

1.4 Uniform Circular Motion (U.C.M) particle placed on it. As seen from the ground,

the particle goes in a circle, with speed 20

17. A particle performing uniform circular motion cm/s and acceleration 20 cm/s2. The particle is

has now shifted to a new position, where radius is

half of the original value. The new values of

(A) radial velocity and radial acceleration

speed and acceleration will be is

(B) radial velocity and transverse

(A) 10 cm/s, 10 cm/s2

acceleration

(B) 10 cm/s, 80 cm/s2

(C) transverse velocity and radial

(C) 40 cm/s, 10 cm/s2

acceleration

(D) 40 cm/s, 40 cm/s2

(D) transverse velocity and transverse

acceleration 24. A particle is moving on a circular path with

constant speed, then its acceleration will be

18. When a body moves with a constant speed

(A) Zero

along a circle

(B) External radial acceleration

(A) no work is done on it

(C) Internal radial acceleration

(B) no acceleration is produced in the body

(D) Constant acceleration

(C) no force acts on the body

(D) its velocity remains constant 25. Two particles A and B are located at distances

rA and rB respectively from the centre of a

1.5 Acceleration in U.C.M (Radial acceleration) rotating disc such that rA > rB. In this case, if

angular velocity of rotation is constant then

19. A car is travelling at a given instant 40 m/s on (A) both A and B do not have any

a circular road of radius 400 m. Its speed is acceleration

increasing at the rate of 3 m/s. Its tangential (B) both A and B have same acceleration

acceleration is

(C) A has greater acceleration than B

(A) 4 m/s2 (B) 3 m/s2 (D) B has greater acceleration than A

(C) 5 m/s2 (D) 2 m/s2

26. A particle goes round a circular path with

20. For a particle in circular motion the centripetal uniform speed v. After describing half the

acceleration circle, what is the change in its centripetal

(A) is less than its tangential acceleration acceleration?

(B) is equal to its tangential acceleration v2 2v 2

(A) (B)

(C) is more than its tangential acceleration r r

(D) May be more or less than its tangential 2v 2

v2

acceleration (C) (D)

r r

21. If a body moves with constant speed along a 27. ar and at represent radial and tangential

curved path, its tangential acceleration is accelerations respectively. The motion of the

(A) zero particle is uniformly circular only if

(B) is parallel to its velocity (A) ar = 0 and at = 0

(C) perpendicular to its velocity (B) ar = 0 and at 0

(D) can make any arbitrary angle with its (C) ar 0 and at = 0

velocity (D) ar 0 and at 0

11

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

1.6 Centripetal and centrifugal forces 35. A coin, placed on a rotating turn-table slips,

when it is placed at a distance of 9 cm from

28. A body is revolving with a constant speed the centre. If the angular velocity of the turn-

along a circle. If its direction of motion is table is trippled, it will just slip, if its distance

reversed but the speed remains the same, then from the centre is

which of the following statement is true?

(A) The centripetal force will not suffer any (A) 27 cm (B) 9 cm

change in magnitude (C) 3 cm (D) 1 cm

(B) The centripetal force will have its

direction reversed 36. A body is kept on a horizontal disc of radius

(C) The centripetal force will suffer change 2 m at a distance of 1m from the centre. The

in direction coefficient of friction between the body and

(D) The centripetal force would be doubled the surface of disc is 0.4. The speed of rotation

of the disc at which the body starts slipping is

29. A cylindrical vessel partially filled with water

(g = 10 m/s2)

is rotated about its vertical central axis. Its

surface will (A) 2 rad/s (B) 4 rad/s

(A) Rise equally (C) 0.2 rad/s (D) 0.4 rad/s

(B) Rise from the sides

(C) Rise from the middle 37. A small coin is kept at the rim of a horizontal

(D) Lowered equally circular disc, which is set into rotation about

30. A car of mass 840 kg moves on a circular path vertical axis passing through its centre. If

with constant speed of 10 m/s. It is turned by radius of the disc is 5 cm and s = 0.25, then

90, after travelling 660 m on the road. The the angular speed at which the coin will just

centripetal force acting on the car is slip is

(A) 324 N (B) 2640 N (A) 5 rad/s (B) 7 rad/s

(C) 284 N (D) 200 N (C) 10 rad/s (D) 4.9 rad/s

31. A body of mass 500 gm is revolving in a

horizontal circle of radius 0.49 m. The 38. A string breaks under a load of 4 kg. A mass

centripetal force acting on it (if its period is 11 weighing 200 gm is attached to the end of this

sec) will be string, which is one metre long and rotated

(A) 0.008 N (B) 8.0 N horizontally. The angular velocity of rotation,

(C) 0.8 N (D) 0.08 N when the string breaks is nearly (g = 10 m/s2)

32. The ratio of centripetal forces on two electrons (A) 16 rad/s (B) 14 rad/s

which are revolving around nucleus of (C) 12 rad/s (D) 20 rad/s

hydrogen atom in 2nd and 3rd orbits

respectively is 39. A bend in a level road has a radius of 100 m.

(A) 27 : 8 (B) 81 : 16 The maximum speed with which a car turning

(C) 8 : 27 (D) 16 : 81 this bend without skidding, if coefficient of

33. A mass 2 kg describes a circle of radius 1.0 m friction between the tyres and the surface of

on a smooth horizontal table at a uniform the road is 0.8, will be (g = 9.8 m/s2)

speed. It is joined to the centre of the circle by (A) 20 m/s (B) 24 m/s

a string, which can just withstand 32 N. The (C) 28 m/s (D) 32 m/s

greatest number of revolutions per minute, the

mass can make is 40. When the road is dry and the coefficient of

(A) 38 (B) 4 friction is , the maximum speed of a car in a

(C) 76 (D) 16 circular path is 10 ms1. If the road becomes

34. A particle does uniform circular motion in a

horizontal plane. The radius of the circle is 20 wet and = , then what is the maximum

2

cm. The centripetal force acting on the particle speed permitted?

is 10 N. Its kinetic energy is

(A) 0.1 J (B) 0.2 J (A) 5 ms1 (B) 10 ms1

(C) 2.0 J (D 1.0 J (C) 10 2 ms1 (D) 5 2 ms1

12 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

41. A car moves at a speed of 36 km hr1 on a 1.7 Banking of road

level road. The coefficient of friction between

the tyres and the road is 0.8. The car 47. A railway line is banked with an angle of

negotiates a curve of radius R. If g = 10 ms2, 0.01 radians. The height of the outer rail over

then the car will skid (or slip) while inner rail, if the distance between the two rails

negotiating the curve, if the value R is of 1.5 m, will be

(A) 20 m (B) 12 m (A) 0.025 m

(C) 14 m (D) 16 m (B) 0.035 m

(C) 0.015 m

42. On a dry road, the maximum permissible (D) 0.045 m

speed of a car in a circular path is 12 ms1. If

the road becomes wet, then the maximum 48. If angle of banking is sin1 (0.2) and normal

speed is 4 2 ms1. If the coefficient of reaction is 2000 N then the weight of the car is

friction for dry road is , then that for the wet (A) 1959.6 N

road is (B) 2000.8 N

2 (C) 21000 N

(A) (B) (D) 22000 N

9 3

2 3 49. A bus is moving in a circular horizontal track

(C) (D)

3 4 of radius 10 m with a constant speed 10 m/s.

A plumb bob is suspended from the roof of the

43. A body moves along circular path of radius bus by a light rigid rod of length 1.0 m. The

50 m and the coefficient of friction is 0.4. angle made by the rod with the track is (Take

What should be its angular velocity in rad/s, if g = 10 m/s2)

it is not to slip from the surface? (g = 9.8 m/s2)

(A) zero (B) 30

(A) 2.8 (B) 0.28

(C) 45 (D) 60

(C) 0.27 (D) 2.7

44. A crate of egg is located in the middle of the 50. A road is 8 m wide. Its radius of curvature is

flat bed of a pick up truck as the truck 40 m. The outer edge is above the lower edge

negotiates an unbanked curve in the road. The by a distance of 1.2 m. The most suited

curve may be regarded as an arc of circle of velocity on the road is nearly

radius 35 m. If the coefficient of friction (A) 5.7 ms1 (B) 8 ms1

1

between the crate and the flat bed of the truck (C) 36.1 ms (D) 9.7 ms1

is 0.6, the speed with which the truck should 51. A circular road of radius 1000 m has banking

turn so that the crate does not slide over the angle 45. The maximum safe speed of a car

bed is having mass 2000 kg will be, if the coefficient

(A) 14.3 m/s (B) 10.3 m/s of friction between tyre and road is 0.5

(C) 12.3 m/s (D) 15.3 m/s (A) 172 m/s (B) 124 m/s

45. The maximum frictional force between the (C) 99 m/s (D) 86 m/s

tyres of a car and the road is 0.5 mg. The car

52. While driving around curve of radius 17.32 m,

negotiates a curve of radius 10 metre. The

an engineer notes that a pendulum in his car

velocity is

(A) 10 m/s (B) 7 m/s hangs at an angle of 30 to the vertical. The

(C) 4.9 m/s (D) 14.2 m/s speed of the car is (approximately)

(A) 10 m/s (B) 15 m/s

46. A cyclist with combined mass 80 kg goes (C) 5 m/s (D) 6.7 m/s

around a curved road with a uniform speed

20 m/s. He has to bend inward by an angle 53. A boy on a cycle pedals around a circle of

= tan1 (0.50) with the vertical. The force of radius 20 m at a speed of 20 m/s. The

friction acting at the point of contact of tyres combined mass of the body and the cycle is

and road surface is 90 kg. The angle that the cycle makes with the

(g = 10 m/s2) vertical so that is may not fall is (g = 9.8 m/s2)

(A) 300 N (B) 400 N (A) 60.25 (B) 63.90

(C) 800 N (D) 250 N (C) 26.12 (D) 30.00

13

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

54. For traffic moving at 60 km/hour along a 60. The maximum speed with which a vehicle can

circular track of radius 0.1 km, the correct negotiate a curved road, which is banked at an

angle of banking is angle = tan1 (0.24), is 54 km/hr. If the same

60 2 road is flat and vehicle has to negotiate the

(A) tan1 curve with same maximum speed, the

0.1 coefficient of friction between the road and

( 50 / 3)2 tyres of the vehicle should be

(B) tan1 (A) 0.35 (B) 0.24

100 9.8 (C) 0.8 (D) 0.5

100 9.8

(C) tan1 61. A railway track is banked for a speed v, by

( 50 / 3)

2

making the height of the outer rail h higher

than that of the inner rail. If the distance

(D) tan1 ( 60 0.1 9.8) between the rails is l and the radius of

curvature of the track is r, then

55. A circular racing car track has a radius of h v2

curvature of 500 m. The maximum speed of (A) =

l rg

the car is 180 km/hr. The angle of banking is

(g = 10 m/s2) h v

2

(B) tan sin 1 =

(A) = tan1 (0) (B) = tan1 (0.5) l rg

(C) = tan1 (0.3) (D) = tan1 (0.1) 2

h v

(C) tan1 =

56. A road is 10 m wide. Its radius of curvature is l rg

50 m. The outer edge is above the lower edge

h v2

by a distance of 1.5 m. This road is most (D) =

suited for the velocity r lg

(A) 2.5 m/sec (B) 4.5 m/sec

62. A car is moving on a circular path and takes a

(C) 6.5 m/sec (D) 8.5 m/sec turn. If R1 and R2 be the reactions on the inner

57. A train has to negotiate a curve of radius and outer wheels respectively, then

400 m. The speed of the train is 72 km/hour. (A) R1 = R2 (B) R1 < R2

The horizontal distance is to be raised with (C) R1 > R2 (D) R1 R2

respect to the inner radius by h. If distance

between rail is l = 1 m, the value of h will be 63. On a railway curve, the outside rail is laid

(g = 10 m/s2) higher than the inside one so that resultant

force exerted on the wheels of the rail car by

(A) 15 cm (B) 10 cm

the tops of the rails will

(C) 5 cm (D) 2.5 cm

(A) have a horizontal inward component

58. The maximum safe speed, for which a banked (B) be vertical

road is intended, is to be increased by 20%. If (C) equilibrate the centripetal force

the angle of banking is not changed, then the (D) be decreased

radius of curvature of the road should be

changed from 30 m to 1.8 Conical Pendulum

(A) 36 m (B) 24 m

64. Consider a simple pendulum of length 1 m. Its

(C) 43.2 m (D) 60 m

bob perform a circular motion in horizontal

59. A cyclist going around a circular road of plane with its string making an angle 60 with

radius 10 m observed to be bending inward the vertical, the centripetal acceleration

30 with vertical. Frictional force acting on the experienced by the bob is

cyclist is (Given: g = 10 m/s2, mass of the (A) 17.3 m/s2

cyclist is 90 kg) (B) 5.8 m/s2

(A) 532 N (B) 800 N (C) 10 m/s2

(C) 1559 N (D) 520 N (D) 5 m/s2

14 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

65. A mass of 10 kg is whirled in a horizontal 71. A hollow sphere has radius 6.4 m. Minimum

circle by means of a string at an initial speed velocity required by a motorcyclist at bottom

of 5 r.p.m. Keeping the radius constant, the to complete the circle will be

tension in the string is quadrupled. The new (A) 17.7 m/s (B) 10.2 m/s

speed is nearly (C) 12.4 m/s (D) 16.0 m/s

(A) 14 r.p.m. (B) 10 r.p.m.

(C) 2.25 r.p.m. (D) 7 r.p.m. 72. A bucket full of water is revolved in a vertical

circle of radius 4 m such that water does not

66. Consider a simple pendulum of length 1 m. Its fall down. The time of one revolution is

bob perform a circular motion in horizontal

(A) 10 second (B) 8 second

plane with its string making an angle 60 with

(C) 4 second (D) 6 second

the vertical. The period of rotation of the bob

is (Take g = 10 m/s2) 73. A particle of mass m is rotating by means of

(A) 2 s (B) 1.4 s string in vertical circle. The difference in

(C) 1.98 s (D) 2.4 s tensions at top and bottom would be

67. If the length of the string of a conical (A) 6 mg (B) 4 mg

pendulum is 10 m, it has a bob of mass 50 g. (C) 2 mg (D) 3 mg

The angle that the string makes with the

74. A particle of mass 2 kg is rotating by means of

vertical is 30. If the bob covers one

a string in a vertical circle. The difference in

revolution in 3 s, then the corresponding

the tensions at the bottom and the top would

centripetal force acting on the bob will be

be

(A) 10 N (B) 1 N

(C) 100 N (D) 5 N (A) 12 kg wt (B) 2 kg wt

(C) >12 kg wt (D) <12 kg wt

68. A particle of mass 1 kg is revolved in a

horizontal circle of radius 1 m with the help of 75. A 2 kg stone at the end of a string 1 m long is

a string. If the maximum tension the string can whirled in a vertical circle at a constant speed.

withstand is 162 N, then the maximum The speed of the stone is 4 m/sec. The tension

frequency with which the particle can revolve in the string will be 52 N, when the stone is

is (A) at the top of the circle

(A) 3 Hz (B) 2 Hz (B) at the bottom of the circle

(C) 4 Hz (D) 5 Hz (C) halfway down

69. In a conical pendulum, when the bob moves in (D) none of the above

a horizontal circle of radius r, with uniform

76. A 40 kg child sits on a swing supported by

speed v, the string of length L describes a cone

two chains each 3 m long. If the tension in

of semivertical angle . The tension in the each chain at lowest point is 350 N, then the

string is given by childs speed at the lowest point is

(L2 r 2 )1/2

(A) T = mgL (B) (A) 4.8 m/s (B) 3 m/s

L2 r 2 mgL (C) 7.2 m/s (D) 9.1 m/s

mgL mgL

(C) T= (D) T= 77. An aeroplane flying in the sky with a uniform

(L2 r 2 ) (L r 2 ) 2

2

speed of 200 m/s moves in a vertical circle of

radius 400 m. The mass of the pilot is 70 kg.

1.9 Equation for velocity and energy at

The force exerted by the pilot on the seat at

different positions in Vertical Circular

the highest point of the circle will be

Motion

(A) 3000 N (B) 6300 N

70. An aeroplane, flying in the sky, suddenly (C) 7700 N (D) 630 N

starts revolving in a vertical circle of radius

4 km. At the highest point of the circle, the 78. In above problem the force exerted by the

pilot experiences weightlessness. Its velocity pilot on the seat at the lowest point of the

at the highest point will be circle will be

(A) 100 m/s (B) 200 m/s (A) 4500 N (B) 6300 N

(C) 300 m/s (D) 400 m/s (C) 7700 N (D) 770 N

15

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

79. A woman weighing 600 N sitting in a car, 84. A body slides down a frictionless track, which

which is travelling with constant speed on ends in a circular loop of diameter D. Then the

straight road, suddenly goes over a hump in minimum height h of the body in terms of D,

so that it may just complete the loop is

the road (hump may be regarded as an arc of a

circle of radius 12.1 m) experiences 5 3

(A) h= D (B) h= D

weightlessness. Calculate the speed of the car. 2 2

(A) 11 m/s (B) 8 m/s 5

(C) h= D (D) h=2D

(C) 15 m/s (D) 5 m/s

4

85. A frictionless track ABCDE ends in a circular

80. A body of mass 1 kg is moving in a vertical loop of radius R. A body slides down the track

circular path of radius 1 m. The difference from point A which is at a height h = 5 cm.

between the kinetic energies at its highest and Maximum value of R for the body to

lowest position is successfully complete the loop is

A

(A) 20 J (B) 10 J

D

(C) 4 5 J (D) 10 ( 5 1) J h

E 2R C

81. The maximum and minimum tension in the

string whirling in a circle of radius 2.5 m with B

constant velocity are in the ratio 5 : 3 then its 15

velocity is (A) 5 cm (B) cm

4

(A) 98 m/s (B) 7 m/s 10

(C) cm (D) 2 cm

3

(C) 490 m/s (D) 4.9 m/s

1.10 Kinematical equation in circular motion in

82. A student weighing 667 N rides a steadily analogy with linear motion

rotating Ferris wheel (student sits upright). At

86. A flywheel at rest is reached to an angular

the highest point, the magnitude of the normal velocity of 36 rad/sec in 6 sec, with a constant

angular acceleration. The total angle turned

force N on the student from the seat is 556 N. during this interval is

(A) 216 rad (B) 144 rad

The magnitude of N , if the wheels speed is

(C) 108 rad (D) 72 rad

doubled, is

(A) 223 N (B) 111 N 87. An engine requires 5 s to go from a speed of

600 rpm to 1200 rpm with constant

(C) 444 N (D) 332 N acceleration. How many revolutions does it

make in this period?

83. A stone of mass 1 kg tied to a light (A) 7.50 (B) 750

inextensible string of length (10/3) m is (C) 75 (D) 7500

whirling in a circular path of radius (10/3) m

in a vertical plane. If the ratio of the maximum 88. A wheel is subjected to uniform angular

tension in the string to the minimum tension is acceleration about its axis, initially its angular

4 and if g is taken to be 10 m/s2, the speed of velocity is zero. In the first 2 sec, it rotates

through an angle 1, in the next 2 sec, it rotates

the stone at the highest point of the circle is

through an additional angle 2. The ratio of 2

(A) 5 2 m/s (B) 20 m/s and 1 is

(A) 1 (B) 2

(C) 10 m/s (D) 10 3 m/s

(C) 3 (D) 5

16 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

89. When a ceiling fan is switched off its angular SECTION - 3

velocity reduces to 50% while it makes 36

rotations. How many more rotation will it 1.2 Angular velocity and angular acceleration

make before coming to rest (Assume uniform

angular retardation)? 1. Which of the following statements is false for

a particle moving in a circle with a constant

(A) 18 (B) 12

angular speed? [AIEEE 2004]

(C) 36 (D) 48

(A) The velocity vector is tangent to the

Miscellaneous circle

(B) The acceleration vector is tangent to the

90. Angular displacement () of a flywheel varies circle

with time as = 2t + 3t2 radian. The angular (C) The acceleration vector points to the

acceleration at t = 2 s is given by centre of the circle

(A) 14 rad/s2 (B) 18 rad/s2 (D) The velocity and acceleration vectors

2

(C) 6 rad/s (D) 16 rad/s2 are perpendicular to each other

91. A wheel completes 2000 revolutions to cover 2. The angle turned by a body undergoing

the 9.5 km distance. Then the diameter of the circular motion depends on time as

wheel is = 0 + 1t + 2t2. Then the angular

(A) 1.5 m (B) 1.5 cm acceleration of the body is [Orissa JEE 2009]

(C) 7.5 cm (D) 7.5 m (A) 1 (B) 2

(C) 21 (D) 22

92. A particle is moving in a circle of radius r

3. A fan is making 600 revolutions per minute.

centred at O with constant speed v. What is

If after some time it makes 1200 revolutions

the change in velocity in moving from A to B

per minute, then increase in its angular

if AOB = 60? velocity is [BHU 1999]

B (A) 10 rad/sac (B) 20 rad/sac

r (C) 40 rad/sac (D) 60 rad/sac

O 60 1.3 Relation between linear velocity and

r v angular velocity

A

4. If the body is moving in a circle of radius r

(A) 2 v sin 30 (B) 2 v cos 30 with a constant speed v, its angular velocity is

[CPMT 1975; RPET 1999]

(C) 2 v sin 60 (D) 2 v cos 60

(A) v2/r (B) vr

93. A particle moves along a circle of radius (C) v/r (D) r/v

20/ m with a constant tangential acceleration. 5. If the length of the seconds hand in a stop

If the velocity of the particle is 80 m/s at the clock is 3 cm the angular velocity and linear

end of the 2nd revolution after motion has velocity of the tip is [Kerala PET 2005]

begun, the tangential acceleration is (A) 0.2047 rad/sec 0.0314 m/sec

(A) 40 m/s2 (B) 40 m/s2 (B) 0.2547 rad/sec, 0.314 m/sec

2

(C) 640 m/s (D) 160 m/s2 (C) 0.1472 rad/sec, 0.06314 m/sec

(D) 0.1047 rad/sec, 0.00314 m/sec

94. For a particle in a non-uniform accelerated

circular motion 1.4 Uniform Circular Motion (U.C.M)

(A) Velocity is radial and acceleration is 6. In uniform circular motion [MP PMT 1994]

transverse only (A) Both the angular velocity and the

(B) Velocity is transverse and acceleration is angular momentum vary

radial only (B) The angular velocity varies but the

(C) Velocity is radial and acceleration has angular momentum remains constant

both radial and transverse components (C) Both the angular velocity and the

(D) Velocity is transverse and acceleration angular momentum remains constant

has both radial and transverse (D) The angular momentum varies but the

components angular velocity remains constant

17

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

1.5 Acceleration in U.C.M (Radial acceleration) 14. A 100 kg car is moving with a maximum

velocity of 9 m/s across a circular track of

7. Certain neutron stars are believed to be radius 30 m. The maximum force of friction

rotating at about 1 rev/sec. If such a star has a between the road and the car is

radius of 20 km, the acceleration of an object [Pb. PMT 2000]

on the equator of the star will be (A) 1000 N (B) 706 N

[NCERT 1982] (C) 270 N (D) 200 N

(A) 20 108 m/sec2

15. A proton of mass 1.6 1027 kg goes round in

(B) 8 105 m/sec2

a circular orbit of radius 0.10 m under a

(C) 120 105 m/sec2

centripetal force of 4 1013 N. then the

(D) 4 108 m/sec2 frequency of revolution of the proton is about

8. A particle moves in a circle of radius 25 cm at [Kerala (Med.) 2007]

two revolutions per second. The acceleration (A) 0.08 108 cycles per sec

of the particle in m/s2 is (B) 4 108 cycles per sec

[MNR 1991; UPSEAT 2000; DPMT 1999; (C) 8 108 cycles per sec

RPET 2003; Pb. PET 2004] (D) 12 108 cycles per sec

(A) 2 (B) 82 16. If the radius of curvature of the path of two

2

(C) 4 (D) 22 particles of same masses are in the ratio 1 : 2,

9. A car is moving with speed 30 m/sec on a then in order to have constant centripetal

circular path of radius 500 m. Its speed is force, their velocity, should be in the ratio of

increasing at the rate of 2 m/sec2, What is the [Pb. PET 2000]

acceleration of the car? [MP PMT 2003; (A) 1 : 4 (B) 4 : 1

Roorkee 1982; RPET 1996; MH CET 2002] (C) 2 :1 (D) 1 : 2

(A) 2 m/sec2 (B) 2.7 m/sec2 17. A motor cycle driver doubles its velocity

2

(C) 1.8 m/sec (D) 9.8 m/sec2 when he is having a turn. The force exerted

10. The centripetal acceleration is given by outwardly will be [AFMC 2002]

[RPET 1999] (A) Double (B) Half

(A) v2/r (B) vr (C) 4 times (D)

1

times

(C) vr2 (D) v/r 4

11. The magnitude of the centripetal force acting 18. A car sometimes overturns while taking a turn.

on a body of mass m executing uniform When it overturns, it is

motion in a circle of radius r with speed v is [AFMC 1988; MP PMT 2003]

[AFMC 1998; MP PET 1999] (A) the inner wheel which leaves the ground

(A) mvr (B) mv2/r first

2

(C) v/r m (D) v/rn (B) the outer wheel which leaves the ground

first

12. A string breaks if its tension exceeds 10 (C) both the wheels which leave the ground

newton. A stone of mass 250 gm tied to this simultaneously

string of length 10 cm is rotated in a (D) either wheel leaves the ground first

horizontal circle. The maximum angular

19. A train is moving towards north. At one place

velocity of rotation can be

it turns towards north-east, here we observe

[MP PMT 1999]

that [AIIMS 1980]

(A) 20 rad/s (B) 40 rad/s

(A) The radius of curvature of outer rail will

(C) 100 rad/s (D) 200 rad/s

be greater than that of the inner rail

13. A 500 kg car takes a round turn of radius 50 m (B) The radius of the inner rail will be

with a velocity of 36 km/hr. The centripetal greater than that of the outer rail

force is [KCET 2001; CBSE PMT 1999; (C) The radius of curvature of one of the

JIPMER 2001, 02] rails will be greater

(A) 250 N (B) 750 N (D) The radius of curvature of the outer and

(C) 1000 N (D) 1200 N inner rails will be the same

18 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

20. Find the maximum velocity for skidding for a 1.9 Vertical Circular Motion

car moved on a circular track of radius 100 m.

The coefficient of friction between the road 26. A heavy mass is attached to a thin wire and is

and tyre is 0.2 [CPMT 1996; Pb. PMT 2001] whirled in a vertical circle. The wire is most

likely to break [MP PET 1997]

(A) 0.14 m/s (B) 140 m/s

(A) When the mass is at the highest point of

(C) 1.4 km/s (D) 14 m/s the circle

(B) When the mass is at the lowest point of

21. The maximum speed of a car on a roadturn

the circle

of radius 30 m, if the coefficient of friction

between the tyres and the road is 0.4, will be (C) When the wire is horizontal

(D) At an angle of cos1 (1/3) from the

[CBSE PMT 2000]

upward vertical

(A) 10.84 m/sec (B) 9.84 m/sec

(C) 8.84 m/sec (D) 6.84 m/sec 27. A body of mass m hangs at one end of a string

of length l, the other end of which is fixed. It

22. An aircraft executes a horizontal loop with a is given a horizontal velocity so that the string

speed of 150 m/s with its, wings banked at an would just reach where it makes an angle of

angle of 12. The radius of the loop is (g = 10 60 with the vertical. The tension in the string

m/s2) [Pb. PET 2001] at mean position is [ISM Dhanbad 1994]

(A) 10.6 km (B) 9.6 km (A) 2 mg (B) mg

(C) 7.4 km (D) 5.8 km (C) 3 mg (D) 3 mg

23. Radius of the curved road on national highway 28. A simple pendulum oscillates in a vertical

is r. Width of the road is l. The outer edge of plane. When it passes through the mean

the road is raised by h with respect to the inner position, the tension in the string is 3 times the

edge, so that a car with velocity v can pass weight of the pendulum bob. What is the

safely over it. The value of h is maximum displacement of the pendulum of

the string with respect to the vertical?

[MP. PMT 1996]

[Orissa JEE 2002]

v2 r v 2l (A) 30 o

(B) 45o

(A) (B)

g r (C) 60o (D) 90o

v 2l v2 29. A particle is moving in a vertical circle. The

(C) (D)

rg g tensions in the string when passing through

two positions at angles 30 and 60 from

24. A person with his hands in his pockets is vertical (lowest position) are T1 and T2

skating on ice at the velocity of 10 m/s and respectively then [Orissa JEE 2002]

describes a circle of radius 50 m. What is his (A) T1 = T2

inclination with vertical [Pb. PET 2000] (B) T2 > T1

1 3 (C) T1 > T2

(A) tan 1 (B) tan 1 (D) Tension in the string always remains the

10 5 same

1

(C) tan1(1) (D) tan 1 30. A bucket tied at the end of a 1.6 m long string

5 is whirled in a vertical circle with constant

speed. What should be the minimum speed so

25. A particle describes a horizontal circle in a that the water from the bucket does not spill,

conical funnel whose inner surface is smooth when the bucket is at the highest position

with speed of 0.5 m/s. What is the height of (Take g = 10m/sec2) [AIIMS 1987]

the plane of circle from vertex of the funnel ? (A) 4 m/sec

[J&K CET 2005] (B) 6.25 m/sec

(A) 0.25 cm (B) 2 cm (C) 16 m/sec

(C) 4 cm (D) 2.5 cm (D) None of the above

19

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

31. A weightless thread can support tension upto 37. The length of seconds hand in a watch is

30 N. A stone of mass 0.5 kg is tied to it and is 1 cm. The change in velocity of its tip in

revolved in a circular path of radius 2 m in a 15 seconds is [MP PMT 1987, 2003]

vertical plane. If g = 10 ms2, then the

maximum angular velocity of the stone will be

(A) Zero (B) cm/sec

[MP PMT 1994] 30 2

(A) 5 rad/s (B) 30 rad/s 2

(C) cm/sec (D) cm/sec

(C) 60 rad/s (D) 10 rad/s 30 30

32. A weightless thread can bear tension upto 3.7

kg wt. A stone of mass 500 gm is tied to it and 38. A particle of mass m is moving in a circular

revolved in a circular path of radius 4 m in a path of constant radius r such that its

vertical plane. If g = 10 ms2, then the centripetal acceleration ac is varying with time

maximum angular velocity of the stone will be t as, ac = k2rt2, The power delivered to the

[MP PMT/PET 1998] particle by the forces acting on it is

(A) 4 rad/sec (B) 16 rad/sec

[IIT 2008]

(C) 21 rad/sec (D) 2 rad/sec 2 2 2 2

(A) 2mk r t (B) mk r t

Miscellaneous 4 2 5

mk r t

(C) (D) Zero

33. A cyclist taking turn bends inwards while a 3

car passenger taking same turn is thrown

outwards. The reason is 39. A sphere of mass m is tied to end of a string of

[NCERT 1972; CPMT 2010] length l and rotated through the other end

(A) car is heavier than cycle

along a horizontal circular path with speed v.

(B) car has four wheels while cycle has only

The work done in full horizontal circle is

two

(C) difference in the speed of the two [CPMT 1993; JIPMER 2000]

(D) cyclist has to counteract the centrifugal mv 2

force while in the case of car only the (A) 0 (B) 2r

passenger is thrown by this force l

34. A particle comes round a circle of radius 1 m mv 2

once. The time taken by it is 10 sec. The (C) mg2r (D) .(l )

r

average velocity of motion is [JIPMER 1999]

(A) 0.2 m/s (B) 2 m/s

(C) 2 m/s (D) Zero 40. A particle of mass m is executing uniform

circular motion on a path of radius r. If p is the

35. The seconds hand of a watch has length 6 cm. magnitude of its linear momentum. The radial

Speed of end point and magnitude of force acting on the particle is [MP PET 2010]

difference of velocities at two perpendicular rm

positions will be [RPET 1997] (A) pmr (B)

p

(A) 6.28 & 0 mm/s

(B) 8.88 & 4.44 mm/s mp 2 p2

(C) (D)

(C) 8.88 & 6.28 mm/s r rm

(D) 6.28 & 8.88 mm/s

41. A cyclist turns around a curve at

36. An athlete completes one round of a circular

15 miles/hour. If he turns at double the speed,

track of radius 10 m in 40 sec. The distance

the tendency to overturn is

covered by him in 2 min 20 sec is

[Kerala (Med.) 2002] [CPMT 1974; AFMC 2003]

(A) 70 m (B) 140 m (A) Doubled (B) Quadrupled

(C) 110 m (D) 220 m (C) Halved (D) Unchanged

20 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

42. A string of length L is fixed at one end and (A) 1.88 m/s, 35.5 m/s2, 35.5 N

carries a mass M at the other end. The string (B) 2.88 m/s, 45.5 m/s2, 45.5 N

makes 2/ revolutions per second around the (C) 3.88 m/s, 55.5 m/s2, 55.5 N

vertical axis through the fixed end as shown in (D) None of these

the figure, then tension in the string is

[BHU 2002; DPMT 2004] 45. A block follows the path as shown in the

S figure from height h. If radius of circular path

(A) ML is r, then relation holds good to complete full

(B) 2 ML circle is [RPMT 1997]

L (A) h < 5r/2

(C) 4 ML

T (B) h > 5r/2 h

(D) 16 ML 2r

(C) h = 5r/2

M

(D) h 5r/2

R

46. A stone of mass m is tied to a string and is

43. If a particle of mass m is moving in a moved in a vertical circle of radius r making n

horizontal circle of radius r with a centripetal revolutions per minute. The total tension in

force (k/ r2), the total energy is the string when the stone is at its lowest point

[EAMCET (Med.) 1995; is [Kerala (Engg.) 2001]

AMU (Engg.) 2001] (A) mg (B) m(g + nr2)

k k

(A) (B) 2 n 2 r

2r r (C) m(g + nr) (D) m g +

900

2k 4k

(C) (D)

r r 47. A bucket full of water is revolved in vertical

44. A body of mass 1 kg tied to one end of string circle of radius 2 m. What should be the

is revolved in a horizontal circle of radius maximum time-period of revolution so that the

0.1 m with a speed of 3 revolution/sec, water doesnt fall off the bucket?

assuming the effect of gravity is negligible, [AFMC 2004]

then linear velocity, acceleration and tension (A) 1 sec (B) 2 sec

in the string will be [DPMT 2003] (C) 3 sec (D) 4 sec

Section 1

1. (B) 2. (C) 3. (C) 4. (B) 5. (C) 6. (A) 7. (D) 8. (B) 9. (A) 10. (C)

11. (A) 12. (A) 13. (B) 14. (B) 15. (C) 16. (B) 17. (A) 18. (D) 19. (D) 20. (C)

21. (A) 22. (C) 23. (B) 24. (B) 25. (A) 26. (B) 27. (C) 28. (D) 29. (D) 30. (A)

31. (D) 32. (C) 33. (B) 34. (C) 35. (B) 36. (C) 37. (C) 38. (B) 39. (A) 40. (A)

41. (A) 42. (B) 43. (A) 44. (C) 45. (C) 46. (B) 47. (A) 48. (D) 49. (C) 50. (B)

51. (C) 52. (C) 53. (C) 54. (D) 55. (A) 56. (B) 57. (B) 58. (D) 59. (C) 60. (C)

61. (A) 62. (B) 63. (C) 64. (C) 65. (A) 66. (D)

Section 2

1. (C) 2. (A) 3. (B) 4. (C) 5. (A) 6. (B) 7. (A) 8. (B) 9. (C) 10. (C)

11. (B) 12. (B) 13. (C) 14. (B) 15. (B) 16. (C) 17. (C) 18. (A) 19. (B) 20. (D)

21. (A) 22. (B) 23. (A) 24. (C) 25. (C) 26. (B) 27. (C) 28. (A) 29. (B) 30. (D)

31. (D) 32. (B) 33. (A) 34. (D) 35. (D) 36. (A) 37. (B) 38. (B) 39. (C) 40. (D)

41. (B) 42. (A) 43. (B) 44. (A) 45. (B) 46. (B) 47. (C) 48. (A) 49. (C) 50. (B)

51. (A) 52. (A) 53. (B) 54. (B) 55. (B) 56. (D) 57. (B) 58. (C) 59. (D) 60. (B)

61. (B) 62. (B) 63. (A) 64. (A) 65. (B) 66. (B) 67. (B) 68. (B) 69. (A) 70. (B)

71. (A) 72. (C) 73. (A) 74. (A) 75. (B) 76. (A) 77. (B) 78. (C) 79. (A) 80. (A)

81. (A) 82. (A) 83. (C) 84. (C) 85. (D) 86. (C) 87. (C) 88. (C) 89. (B) 90. (C)

91. (A) 92. (A) 93. (B) 94. (D)

21

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

Section 3

1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (B) 4. (C) 5. (D) 6. (C) 7. (B) 8. (C) 9. (B) 10. (A)

11. (B) 12. (A) 13. (C) 14. (C) 15. (A) 16. (D) 17. (C) 18. (A) 19. (A) 20. (D)

21. (A) 22. (A) 23. (C) 24. (D) 25. (D) 26. (B) 27. (A) 28. (D) 29. (C) 30. (A)

31. (A) 32. (A) 33. (D) 34. (D) 35. (D) 36. (D) 37. (D) 38. (B) 39. (A) 40. (D)

41. (B) 42. (D) 43. (A) 44. (A) 45. (D) 46. (D) 47. (C)

Section 1 19. At each point on circular path velocity remain

same for any value of .

3. = 2n = 2 3.5 = 7 2

= 7 3.14 22 rad/s 1200

24. a = 2r = 4 2n2r = 42 0.3

60

2 100

4. = 2n = = 10.47 rad/s = 4740 cm/s2

60

rev 900

5. T = 60 s, 25. n = 900 = rev/s = 15 rev/s

min 60

2 2

= = = rad/s 1 .2

T 60 30 a = 2r = (2 n)2 = 540 2 m/s2

2

2 2 2

6. = = rad/hr = rad/s v2 20 20

T 24 86400 26. ar = = = 40 m/s2, at = 30 m/s2

r 10

S T 12 3600

7. = H = = 720 : 1 a= a 2r + a 2t = 40 2 + 30 2 = 50 m/s2

H TS 60

28. a = 2r

8. C = 2r

a

C 2 =

r= r

2

C a

v = r2n = 2 n = nC =

2 r

=1000 9.8 314 rad/sec

9. = 2n

10 10 2

125 = 2n

n = 314/2 = 50 rev/sec

125

n = n = 3000 rev/min

2

n 20 29. r = 0.4 m, n = 1 rev/s

= 2n = 2 1 = 2 rad/s

d

10. = = 0 (As = constant) a = r2 = 0.4 (2)2 = 0.4 4 2

dt a = 1.6 2 m/s2

d 2 210

11. = = = 4.4 rad/s2 mv 2

dt 60 5 37. p = mv; F =

r

13. v = r = 0.5 70 = 35 m/s F mv 2 / r v

= =

p mv r

14. v = r = 20 10 cm/s = 2 m/s

15. r = 0.4 m, n = 5, v = ? mv 2

38. Fs =

v = r = r 2 n = 0.4 2 5 r

= 0.4 2 3.14 5 = 12.56 12.6 m/s F r 105 10

v2 = s = 2

= 104

18. In U.C.M. direction of velocity and m 10

acceleration change from point to point. v = 100 m/s

22 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

mv 2 5

39. F= 63. v = 72 km/hr = 72 = 20 m/s

r 18

1 v 20

If m and v are constants then F 0 = = = 80 rad/sec

r r 0. 5 / 2

F1 r 2 = 02 + 2

= 2

F2 r1 0 = (80)2 + 2(2 20)

mv 2 6400 = 80

40. Breaking tension T =

r 80

= = 25.45 rad/s2

(r = length of the string)

50 1

v2 = 66. The particle performing circular motion flies

1 off tangentially.

v = 5 2 m/s

Section 2

41. m = 10 kg, v = 5 m/s, F = 125 N 300

mv 2 1. Frequency of wheel, n = = 5 rps

F= 60

r Angle described by wheel in one rotation = 2

mv 2 10 (5) 2 250 rad.

r= = = =2m

F 125 125 Therefore angle described by wheel in 1 sec

= 2 5 radians = 10 rad

54. For looping the loop minimum velocity at the

lowest point should be 5gl . 2 2

2. Angular speed of second hand, s = =

Ts 60

55. Thrust at the lowest point of concave bridge

Angular speed of minute hand,

mv 2

= mg + 2 2

r m = =

Tm 60 60

mv 2 s 2 60 60

56. N = mg cos , = angle with vertical = = 60 : 1

R m 60 2

As vehicle descends, angle increases, its

cosine decreases, hence N decreases. 3. For minute hand T = 60 min

2 2

59. mr2 mg; Angular speed, = = rad/s

T 60 60

g 180

= = 0.1

r 1800

o

60. v1 = rg

180

[ 1 rad = ]

v2 = 5rg = 5 rg = 5 v1

angle described 2

0 2n 0 2 3.14 350 4. = = = rad/s

61. = = = time taken 2

t t 220

= 10 rad/s2 540

5. n= = 9, = 2n = 18

1 2 60

62. = 0t + t Angular acceleration

2

Gain in angular velocity 18

1 = = = 3 rad s2

= 4 10 + 2 (10)2 = 140 time 6

2

140 d 15 10 5

n= = 22 6. = = = = 2.5 rad/s2

2 2 dt 42 2

23

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

where r is distance from axis of rotation. 2 2

v = r = r = 6400

At the north-pole, r = 0 T 24

v=0 2 3.14 6400

=

8. Angular velocity of particle P 24

about point A, v 1674 km/hr

v v i j k

A = =

rAB 2r

15. v = r = 3 4 1 = 18i 13j + 2k

Angular velocity of particle P

5 6 6

about point C,

v v 16. We have = 2t3 + 0.5

C = =

rBC r d

= (2t3 + 0.5) = 6t2

A v r dt

=

C 2r v At t = 2 s, = 6 22 = 24 rad/s

A 1 19. Tangential force acting on the car increases

= the magnitude of its speed.

C 2

at = time rate of change of its speed

9. A particle will describe a circular path if the = change in the speed of the car per unit time

which is 3 m/s

angle between velocity, v and acceleration Tangential acceleration = 3 m /s2

a is 90. 20. There is no relation between centripetal and

n tangential acceleration. Centripetal

10. Angular velocity, = 2 acceleration is must for circular motion but

60 tangential acceleration may be zero.

2n

linear velocity, v = r = 21. When a body is moving with constant speed

60 the tangential acceleration developed in a

2 2 n body is zero.

= cm/s

60 22. Radius of horizontal loop, r = 1 km = 1000 m

2 900 10 3

11. Speed of C1 = R1 = R1 v = 900 km/h = = 250 m/s

T 3600

2 v2 250 250

Speed of C2 = R2 = R2 a= = = 62.5 m/s2

T r 1000

Speed of C1 2R1 / T R a 62.5

= = 1 = = 6.25

Speed of C 2 2R 2 / T R2 g 10

15 23. Velocity, v = r

12. r = 0.25 m, n = 15 rpm = rps r v

60 v = r = = = 10 cm/s

2 2

2 15

= 2n = = rad/s a = 2r

60 2 r a

a = 2r = 2 2 = = 10 cm/s2

v = r = 0.25 = m/s 2

2 8

24. In uniform circular motion, acceleration

20 1 causes due to change in direction and is

13. T= = = 0.5 s,

40 2 directed radially towards centre.

2 2 25. As is constant, acceleration is due to the

= = = 4 rad/s

T 0 .5 change in direction of velocity = 2r

Let r = 50 cm = 0.5 m As rA > rB

v = r = 0.5 4 = 2 m/s aA > aB

24 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

26. In half a circle, the direction of acceleration is mv 2

reversed. 34. = 10

r

v2 v2 1 r 0.20

It goes from to mv 2 = 10 = 10 =1J

r r 2 2 2

Hence, change in centripetal acceleration

35. In the given condition friction provides the

v 2 v 2 2v 2

= = required centripetal force and that is constant.

r r r i.e. m2r = constant

2

27. If ar = 0, there is no radial acceleration and 1 1

2

2 3

So ar 0

If at 0 the motion is not uniform as angular 36. mg = m2r

velocity will change g 0.4 10

So ar 0 and at = 0 for uniform circular = = = 4 = 2 rad/s

r 1

motion

37. mg mr2

mv 2

28. Centripetal force = and is directed g = r2 (For minimum angular speed)

r g 0.25 9.8 25

always towards the centre of circle. Sense of 2 = = 2

= 9.8

rotation does not affect magnitude and r 5 10 5

direction of this centripetal force. = 9.8 5

= 49.0

29. Due to centrifugal force.

= 7 rad/s

30. Distance covered, s = 2r 38. Breaking tension = 4 10 = 40 N

360o

T = mr2

90

660 = 2r T 40

360 2 = = = 200

mr 200 10 3 1

r = 420 m

14 rad/s

mv 2

840 10 10

F= = = 200 N

r 420 39. v2 = rg = 0.8 100 9.8 = 784

2

v = 28 m/s

2

31. Fcp = m r = m r

2

T 40. v= gr

v

i.e. 10

2

22 1 When becomes , v becomes

= 500 10 2

3

0.49 2 2 2

7 11

500 103 16 0.49 = 10 2 = 5 2 ms1

= = 0.08 N 2

49

1 41. The speed with which the car turns is

32. F 2 and r n2 where n is principal v2 Rg

r

3 2

R 36 10

quantum no. 1

= 12.5 m

4

F1 n 42 3 81 3600 0.8 10

= = =

F2 n14 2 16 R 12.5 m

33. Force, F = m r2 R = 12 m

32 42. 12 = rg , 4 2 = rg

2 = = 16 = 4 rad/s

2 1 12 3

Frequency of revolution per minute = =

4 2 2

4 7

n= 60 = 60 2

2 2 22 =

= 38 rev / min 9

25

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

43. v = rg = 0.4 50 9.8 = 196 51. The maximum velocity for a banked road with

friction,

v = 14 m/sec

v 14 + tan

= = = 0.28 rad/s v2 = gr

r 50 1 tan

44. For the crate not to slide, the centripetal force 0.5 + 1

v2 = 9.8 1000

mv 2 1 0.5 1

should be = mg

r v = 172 m/s

v2 = rg = 0.6 35 9.8 = 205.8

v2

v = 14.3 m/s 52. tan =

rg

mv 2

45. mg = v= tan rg

r

mv 2 1

0.5 mg = = tan 30 o 17.32 10 = 17.32 10

r 3

2

v = 0.5 r g = 0.5 10 9.8 = 49 = 10

v = 7 m/s

v2 20 20 20

46. In order for the cyclist to turn 53. tan = = = = 2.04

rg 20 9.8 9.8

Frictional force = centripetal force

= tan1 (2.04) = 63.90

v2 v2

mg = m = mg 2

r rg

54. tan =

v2

= 60

5 1

v2 rg 18 0.1 103 9.8

But = tan

= tan1 (50 / 3)

rg 2

mg = mg tan = 80 10 0.5 = 400 N 100 9.8

h

47. tan = 55. v2 = rg tan ()

l

5

h = l = 1.5 0.01 = 0.015 m v = 180 km/hr = 180 = 50 m/s.

18

1 r = 500 m g = 10 m/s2

48. 5 sin = 0.2 =

1 5 v2 50 50 5 1

tan = = = =

rg 500 10 10 2

24 1

= tan1 = tan 1 (0.5)

mg = N cos 2

24

weight = N cos = 2000 = 1959.6 v2 h

5 56. =

rg l

49. r = 10 m, v = 10 m/s

v = rg tan = 10 10 tan rgh 50 9.8 1.5

v= = = 8.5 m/s

l 10

10 = 10 tan

tan = 1 5

57. r = 400 m, v = 72 km/hr = 72 = 20 m/s,

= 45 18

50. h = l sin l = 1 m, h = ?

h 1.2 v2 h

sin tan = = = 15 =

l 8 rg l

tan = 0.15 v2l 20 20 1

Now, v = rg tan = 40 9.8 0.15 8 m/s h= = = 0.1 m = 10 cm

rg 400 10

26 Circular Motion

TARGET Publications Std. XII: Triumph Physics

58. Let initial velocity = v1 63. This horizontal inward component provides

required centripetal force.

20 6v

New velocity v2 = v 1 + =

100 5 64. Centripetal acceleration

v2 v2 acp = 2r = g l sin = g tan

r1 = 30 m, tan 1 = 1 , tan 2 = 2 l cos

r1g r2 g

= 10 tan 60 = 17.3 m/s2

As there is no change in angle of banking

65. T = ma = mr2

1 = 2 tan 1 = tan 2 T 2

v12 v2 ' 2

= 2 =

T'

=

4T

=4

r1g r2 g 2

T T

2

2 = 42

2

r1 v1 v1 5

2

25 = 2

= = = = n = 2n = 2 5

r2 v2 6 v1 6 36

5 = 10 rpm

36 36 216 66. T sin = m2r = m2 l sin .(i)

r2 = r1 = 30 = = 43.2 m T cos = mg .(ii)

25 25 5

mv 2 v2

59. Fs = But, tan = 60

r rg T

v2 T cos

= g tan

r ar

Tsin

Fs = mg tan = 90 10 tan 30 = 520 N mg

g

From (i) and (ii) 2 =

v2 l cos

60. For banking of road = tan1 g

rg =

l cos

v2 2 l cos

Given = tan1 (0.24) and also = Time period, T = = 2

rg g

= 0.24. 1 cos 60

= 2 3.14

h 10

61. sin = = 1.4 s

l

v2 67. r = l sin

tan = r = 10 sin 30

rg

r=5m

1 h v2 2 2

tan sin = = =

l rg T 3

Centripetal force = m2r

1 v2h 4 2

62. Reaction on inner wheel R1 = M g = 5 102 5

2 ra 9

= 25 102 4

1 v2 h

Reaction on outer wheel R2 = M g + = 100 102 = 1 N

2 ra

68. mr2 = T and = 2n

where, r = radius of circular path,

2a = distance between two wheels and 1 T

n= = 2 Hz

h = height of centre of gravity of car. 4 mr

2

27

Circular Motion

Std. XII: Triumph Physics TARGET Publications

69. T=

cos mv 2 4 104

F = + mg = 70 + 10

L

h L2 r 2 h r 400

cos = =

L L = 7700N

mg L r

T= mv 2

L2 r 2 79. = mg

r

70. At the highest point

v2 = gr

mv2

mg = v= gr = 10 12.1 = 121 = 11 m/s

r

v = rg = 4000 10 = 200 m/s

81. Even though particle is moving in a vertical

71. Minimum velocity at the bottom, loop, its speed remain constant.

v = 5gr = 5 9.8 6.4 mv 2

Tension at lowest point, Tmax = + mg

r

= 313.6 = 17.7 m/s

mv 2

mv 2 Tension at highest point, Tmin = mg

72. F= = m2r r

r mv 2

g 2 9.8 + mg

Tmax 5

= , = = r2 =

r T 4 Tmin mv 3

mg

2 2 r

T= 4s

9.8 By solving we get, v = 4gr = 49.8 2.5

m 2 m 2

73. TL TH = (u + gr) (u 5gr) = 98 m/s

r r

m 82. mg = 667 N

= (u2 + gr u2 + 5gr)

r

mv12

m mg N1 =

= (6gr) = 6 mg r

r

mv12

74. Difference in tension = 6 mg = 6 2 = 667 556 = 111

= 12 kg wt r

Let v2 = 2v1

mv 2 2 (4) 2

75. mg = 20 N and = = 32 N mv 2 2 4mv12

r 1 = = 4 111 = 444

It is clear that 52 N tension will be at the r r

bottom of the circle. Because we know that mv 2 2

mg N2 =

mv 2 r

TBottom = mg +

r N2 = 667 444 = 223 N

mv 2

76. = T mg = (2 350 40 10) = 300 mv12

r 83. Maximum tension Tmax = + mg

r

300 3

v2 = = 22.5 m/sec mv 22

40 Minimum tension Tmin = mg

v = 4.8 m/s r

77. At the highest point of the circle Using the law of conservation of energy,

1 2 1 2

mv 2 4 104 mv1 = mv2 + 2mgr

F= mg = 70 10 2 2

r 400

That is v1 = v2 + 4rg

2 2

= 6300 N

28 Circular Motion