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D−8 PW−8 datasheet
D−8
PW−8
datasheet

SLVS525B

APRIL2004

REVISEDAPRIL2008

IEEE

802.3afPoE

POWERED

DEVICE

CONTROLLERS

FEATURESAPPLICATIONS 1

AdditionalresourcescanbefoundontheTIWebsitewww.ti.com.

specificationstoaccommodatetherequiredinputdiodebridgesusedtomakethePDpolarityinsensitive.

TheTPS2375familyspecificationsincorporateavoltageoffsetof1.5VbetweenitslimitsandtheIEEE802.3af

legacyUVLOlimits,andtheTPS2376hasaprogrammableUVLOwithadedicatedinputpin.

includeanadjustableinrushlimitingfeature.TheTPS2375has802.3afcompliantUVLOlimits,theTPS2377has

Inadditiontothebasicfunctionsofdetection,classificationandundervoltagelockout(UVLO),thesecontrollers

100-Vratingsandatrueopen-drain,power-goodfunction.

compliantpowereddevice(PD).TheTPS2375familyisasecondgenerationPDC(PDController)featuring

Theseeasy-to-use8-pinintegratedcircuitscontainallofthefeaturesneededtodevelopanIEEE802.3af

DESCRIPTION

8-PinSOICandTSSOPPackages

IndustrialTemperatureRange:-40

OvertemperatureProtection Open-Drain,Power-GoodReporting FixedandAdjustableUVLOOptions

Fixed450-mACurrentLimit

ProgrammableInrushCurrentControl

SupportsUseofLow-CostSiliconRectifiers

15-kVSystemLevelESDCapable

Integrated0.58-

FullySupportsIEEE802.3afSpecification

VoIPPhones

WLANAccessPoints

SecurityCameras

InternetAppliances

POSTerminals

,100-V,Low-SideSwitch

TPS2375/77 TPS2376 (TOP VIEW) (TOP VIEW) 8 8 1 ILIM VDD 1 ILIM VDD 2
TPS2375/77
TPS2376
(TOP VIEW)
(TOP VIEW)
8
8
1 ILIM
VDD
1 ILIM
VDD
2 7
2 7
CLASS
N/C
CLASS
UVLO
3 6
3 6
DET
PG
DET
PG
5
5
4 RTN
4 RTN
VSS
VSS

Cto85

C

RJ−45

1 TX Data to Pair Ethernet PHY 2 DF01S 2 Places R 100 (DET) 24.9
1
TX
Data to
Pair
Ethernet
PHY
2
DF01S
2 Places
R
100
(DET)
24.9 k
k
1
%
DET
PG
ILIM
R
(ILIM)
4
0.1 F,
178 k
100
F,
5
Spare
100 V
10 %
1 %
100
V
Pair
CLASS
RTN
7
R
(ICLASS)
8
357
Spare
1
%
Pair
3
RX
Note: Class 3 PD Depicted.
PG Pullup Resistor Is Optional.
Data to
Pair
Ethernet PHY
6
SMAJ58A
VSS
TPS2375
VDD
Data to Pair Ethernet PHY 6 SMAJ58A VSS TPS2375 VDD Detect Classify Power Up & Inrush

Detect

Classify Power Up & Inrush

Class 3 Input Current Current V (PG-RTN) V DD V RTN Note: All Voltages With
Class 3
Input
Current
Current
V (PG-RTN)
V DD
V RTN
Note: All Voltages With Respect to VSS.

Figure1.TypicalApplicationCircuitandStartupWaveforms

1
1

TexasInstrumentssemiconductorproductsanddisclaimerstheretoappearsattheendofthisdatasheet.

Pleasebeawarethatanimportantnoticeconcerningavailability,standardwarranty,anduseincriticalapplicationsof

necessarilyincludetestingofallparameters.

Instrumentsstandardwarranty.Productionprocessingdoesnot

ProductsconformtospecificationsperthetermsoftheTexas

PRODUCTIONDATAinformationiscurrentasofpublicationdate.

Copyright©2004

2008,TexasInstrumentsIncorporated

TPS2375

SLVS525B

APRIL2004

REVISEDAPRIL2008

datasheet

7 5 SLVS525B – APRIL2004 – REVISEDAPRIL2008 datasheet www.ti.com

www.ti.com

– APRIL2004 – REVISEDAPRIL2008 datasheet www.ti.com

susceptibletodamagebecauseverysmallparametricchangescouldcausethedevicenottomeetitspublishedspecifications.

ESDdamagecanrangefromsubtleperformancedegradationtocompletedevicefailure.Precisionintegratedcircuitsmaybemore

appropriateprecautions.Failuretoobserveproperhandlingandinstallationprocedurescancausedamage.

ThisintegratedcircuitcanbedamagedbyESD.TexasInstrumentsrecommendsthatallintegratedcircuitsbehandledwith

AVAILABLEOPTIONS

 

UVLOTHRESHOLDS(NOMINAL)

PACKAGE

(1)

 
 

T

           

MARKING

A

TYPE

LOW

HIGH

SO-8

 

TSSOP-8

 

802.3af

30.5V

39.3V

TPS2375D

TPS2375PW

2375

-40

Cto85

C

Adjustable

1.93V

2.49V

TPS2376D

TPS2376PW

2376

 

Legacy

30.5V

35.1V

TPS2377D

TPS2377PW

2377

(1)AddanRsuffixtothedevicetypefortapeandreel.

overoperatingfree-airtemperaturerange(unlessotherwisenoted)

ABSOLUTEMAXIMUMRATINGS

(1)

,voltagesarereferencedtoV

(VSS)

   

TPS237x

 

VDD,RTN,DET,PG

(2)

-0.3Vto100V

 

Voltage

ILIM,UVLO

 

-0.3Vto10V

 

CLASS

 

-0.3Vto12V

 

RTN

(3)

0to515mA

 
 

Current,sinking

PG

 

0to5mA

 

DET

 

0to1mA

 

Current,sourcing

CLASS

   

0to50mA

ILIM

 

0to1mA

 

Humanbodymodel

   

2kV

 

ESD

Chargeddevicemodel

   

500V

 

Systemlevel(contact/air)atRJ-45

(4)

 

8/15kV

T

J

Maximumjunctiontemperaturerange

Internallylimited

T

stg

Storagetemperaturerange

-65

Cto150

C

 

Leadtemperature1,6mm(1/16inch)fromcasefor10seconds-GreenPackages

 

260

C

 

Leadtemperature1,6mm(1/16inch)fromcasefor10seconds-NongreenPackages

 

235

C

(1)Stressesbeyondthoselistedunder“

absolutemaximumratings

”maycausepermanentdamagetothedevice.Thesearestressratings

conditions

maximum

only,andfunctionaloperationofthedeviceattheseoranyotherconditionsbeyondthoseindicatedunder“

recommendedoperating

”isnotimplied.Exposuretoabsolute

ratedconditionsforextendedperiodsmayaffectdevicereliability. –

(4)SurgesappliedtoRJ-45ofFigure1betweenpinsofRJ-45,andbetweenpinsandoutputvoltagerailsperEN61000-4-2,1999.

(3)SOAlimitedtoV

(2)I

(RTN)

=0

(RTN)

=80VandI

(RTN)

=515mA.

DISSIPATIONRATINGTABLE

(1)

 

POWERRATING

PACKAGE

JA

(LOW-K)

JA

(HIGH-K)(HIGH-K)

 

C/WT C/W

A

mW

=85

C

D(SO-8)238150266

 

PW(TSSOP-8)258.5159251

 

(1)TestedperJEDECJESD51.High-Kisa(2signal–2plane)testboardandlow-Kisadoublesided

boardwithminimumpadareaandnaturalconvection.

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datasheet

SLVS525B

APRIL2004

REVISEDAPRIL2008

RECOMMENDEDOPERATINGCONDITIONS

 

MIN

MAX

UNIT

   

VDD,PG,RTN

0

57

V

 

Inputvoltagerange

UVLO

0

5

V

 

Operatingcurrentrange(sinking)

RTN

0

350

mA

 

Classificationresistor

(1)

CLASS

255

4420

R

(ILIM)

Inrushlimitprogramresistor

(1)

 

62.5

500

k

 

Sinkingcurrent

PG

0

2

mA

T

J

Operatingjunctiontemperature

 

-40

125

C

T

A

Operatingfree

airtemperature

 

-40

85

C

(1)VoltageshouldnotbeeternallyappliedtoCLASSandILIM.

ELECTRICALCHARACTERISTICS

AllvoltagesarewithrespecttoVSSunlessotherwisenoted.

currentsareintopins.V

V

(VDD)

=48V,R

(DET)

=24.9k

(UVLO)

,R

=0VforclassificationandV

=255

(CLASS)

,R

(ILIM)

=178k

(UVLO)

,and–

40

CT

J

125

C,unlessotherwisenoted.Positive

=5VotherwisefortheTPS2376.Typicalvaluesareat25

C.

 

PARAMETERTESTCONDITIONS

MINTYPMAX

UNIT

DETECTION

   
 

Offsetcurrent

DETopen,V

(VDD)

=V

(RTN)

=1.9V,measure

0.33

 

A

 

I

(VDD)

+I

(RTN)

µ

 

Sleepcurrent

 

DETopen,V

(VDD)

=V

(RTN)

=10.1V,measure

412

 

A

I

(VDD)

+I

(RTN)

µ

 

DETleakagecurrent

 

V

(DET)

=V

(VDD)

=57V,measureI

(DET)

0.15

µ

A

   

V

(RTN)

=V

(VDD)

(VDD) V ,

=1.4V

53.75658.3

µ

A

 

Detectioncurrent

R

(DET)

=24.9k

,

     
 

measureI

(VDD)

+I

(RTN)

+

V

(VDD)

=10.1V

395410417

µ

A

I

(DET)

 

CLASSIFICATION

 
   

R

(CLASS)

=4420

,13V

(VDD)

21V

2.22.42.8

 
 

R

(CLASS)

=953

,13V

(VDD)

21V

10.310.611.3

I

(CLASS)

Classificationcurrent

(1)

 

R

(CLASS)

=549

,13V

(VDD)

21V

17.718.319.5

mA

   

R

(CLASS)

=357

,13V

(VDD)

21V

27.128.029.5

 

R

(CLASS)

=255

,13V

(VDD)

21V

38.039.441.2

V

(CL_ON)

Classificationlowerthreshold

Regulatorturnson,V

(VDD)

rising

10.211.313.0

 

V

V

(CU_OFF)

Classificationupperthreshold

Regulatorturnsoff,V

(VDD)

rising

2121.923

 

V

V

(CU_H)

Hysteresis

 

0.50.781

 

V

 

Leakagecurrent

 

V

(CLASS)

=0V,V

(VDD)

=57V

 

1

µ

A

PASSDEVICE

 

r

DS(on)

Onresistance

I

(RTN)

=300mA

0.581.0

 

 

Leakagecurrent

   

V

(VDD)

=V

(RTN)

=30V,

15

 

A

V

(UVLO)

=0V(TPS2376)

µ

 

Currentlimit

 

V

(RTN)

=1V

405461515

mA

I

(LIM)

Inrushlimit

 

V

(RTN)

=2V,R

(ILIM)

=178k

 

100130180

mA

 

Inrushcurrenttermination

(2)

 

V

(RTN)

falling,R

(ILIM)

=178k

,inrush

85%91%100%

 
 

state

normaloperation

 
   

R

(ILIM)

=69.8k

,V

(RTN-VSS)

=5V,

1525

 
 

Currentrisetimeintoinrush

 

I

(RTN)

=30mA

300mA,V

(VDD)

increasing

µ

s

 

pastupperUVLO

 
 

Currentlimitresponsetime

 

Applyload

20

,timemeasuredto

22.5

 

I

(RTN)

=45mA

µ

s

 

Leakagecurrent,ILIM

   

V

(VDD)

=15V,V

(UVLO)

=0V

 

1

µ

A

(2)ThisparameterspecifiestheRTNcurrentvalue,asapercentageofthesteadystateinrushcurrent,belowwhichitmustfalltomakePG

(1)Classificationistestedwithexactresistorvalues.A1%toleranceclassificationresistorassurescompliancewithIEEE802.3aflimits.

assert(open-drain).

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TPS2375

SLVS525B

APRIL2004

REVISEDAPRIL2008

datasheet

7 5 SLVS525B – APRIL2004 – REVISEDAPRIL2008 datasheet www.ti.com ELECTRICALCHARACTERISTICS(continued)

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ELECTRICALCHARACTERISTICS(continued)

AllvoltagesarewithrespecttoVSSunlessotherwisenoted.

currentsareintopins.V

V

(VDD)

=48V,R

(DET)

=24.9k

(UVLO)

,R

=0VforclassificationandV

=255

(CLASS)

,R

(ILIM)

=178k

(UVLO)

,and–

40

CT

J

125

C,unlessotherwisenoted.Positive

=5VotherwisefortheTPS2376.Typicalvaluesareat25

C.

 

PARAMETERTESTCONDITIONS

 

MINTYPMAX

UNIT

PG

 
 

Latchoffvoltagethresholdrising

 

V

(RTN)

rising

9.510.010.5

V

 

PGdeglitch

DelayrisingandfallingPG

 

75150225

µ

s

 

I

(PG)

=2mA,V

(RTN)

=34V,

0.120.4

V

 

Outputlowvoltage

V

(VDD)

=38V,V

(RTN)

falling

I

(PG)

=2mA,V

(RTN)

=0V,V

(VDD)

=25V,for

0.120.4

V

 

TPS2376V

(UVLO)

=0V

 
 

Leakagecurrent

 

V

(PG)

=57V,V

(RTN)

=0V

0.11

µ

A

UVLO

 

V

(UVLO_R)

   

V

(VDD)

rising

38.439.340.4

 

V

(UVLO_F)

TPS2375VoltageatVDD

 

V

(VDD)

falling

29.630.531.5

V

 

Hysteresis

 

8.38.89.1

   

V

(VDD)

rising

2.432.492.57

 
 

TPS2376VoltageatUVLO

 

V

(VDD)

falling

1.871.931.98

V

 

Hysteresis

 

0.530.560.58

   

V

(VDD)

rising

34.135.136.0

 
 

TPS2377VoltageatVDD

 

V

(VDD)

falling

29.730.531.4

V

 

Hysteresis

 

4.34.54.8

 

TPS2376Inputleakage,UVLO

 

V

(UVLO)

=0Vto5V

-11

µ

A

THERMALSHUTDOWN

 
 

Shutdowntemperature

Temperaturerising

 

135

C

 

Hysteresis

 

20

C

BIASCURRENT

 
 

Operatingcurrent

I

(VDD)

240450

µ

A

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datasheet

SLVS525B

APRIL2004

REVISEDAPRIL2008

FUNCTIONALBLOCKDIAGRAM

DEVICEINFORMATION

DET

3 Detection Comparator 12 V + VDD 8 − CLASS Classification 10 V 2 Comparator
3
Detection
Comparator
12
V
+
VDD
8
CLASS
Classification
10
V
2
Comparator
Regulator
22
V
PG
+
PG Comparator
6
1.5
V
Delay
150 S
&
10 V
+
R
S
Q
0
= Fault
0 = Inrush
S
Q
R
UVLO
RTN
Comp.
2.5
V
5
Thermal Shutdown,
Counter, and Latch
UVLO
’76 Only
+
1
= Limiting
See
Current
7
1
45
mV
Note
Mirror
+ EN
2.5
V
1:1
− Current
+
0
Limit Amp.
ILIM
1
800
VSS
0.08
4

Note:FortheTPS2376,theUVLOcomparatorconnectstotheUVLOpinandnottotheUVLOdivider.

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TPS2375

SLVS525B

APRIL2004

REVISEDAPRIL2008

datasheet

7 5 SLVS525B – APRIL2004 – REVISEDAPRIL2008 datasheet www.ti.com TERMINALFUNCTIONS P I N N A M

www.ti.com

TERMINALFUNCTIONS

PINNAME

PINNUMBER

I/O

DESCRIPTION

 

TPS2375/77

TPS2376

       

ConnectaresistorfromILIMtoVSStosetthestart-upinrushcurrentlimit.

ILIM

1

1

O

Theequationforcalculatingtheresistorisshowninthedetailedpin

descriptionsectionforILIM.

       

ConnectaresistorfromCLASStoVSStosettheclassificationofthe

CLASS

2

2

O

powereddevice(PD).TheIEEEclassificationlevelsandcorresponding

resistorvaluesareshowninTable1

.

       

Connecta24.9-k

detectionresistorfromDETtoVDDforavalidPD

DET

3

3

O

detection.

VSS

4

4

I

ReturnlineonthesourcesideoftheTPS2375fromthePSE.

RTN

5

5

O

Switchedoutputsidereturnlineusedasthelow-sidereferenceforthe

TPS2375load.

PG

6

6

O

Open-drain,power-goodoutput;activehigh.

UVLO

 

7

I

UsedonlyontheTPS2376.ConnectaresistordividerfromVDDtoVSSto

-

implementtheadjustableUVLOfeatureoftheTPS2376.

NC

7

-

 

Noconnection

VDD

8

8

I

PositivelinefromtherectifiedPSEprovidedinput.

ILIM

ThefollowingdescriptionsrefertotheschematicofFigure1andthefunctionalblockdiagram.

DetailedPinDescription

:AresistorfromthispintoVSSsetstheinrushcurrentlimitperEquation1

:

I (LIM) 25000

R

(ILIM)

is

isthevalueoftheprogrammingresistor

(1)

accommodateslegacysystemsthatrequirelowinrushcurrents.

thelowerUVLOthreshold.Adjustableinrushcurrentlimitingallowstheuseofarbitrarilylargecapacitorsandalso

Inrushcurrentlimitingpreventscurrentdrawnbythebulkcapacitorfromcausingthelinevoltagetosagbelow

recommendedforcompatibilitywithlegacyPSEs.

fromILIMtoVSS,inohms.ThepracticallimitsonR

whereILIMisthedesiredinrushcurrentvalue,inamperes,andR

(ILIM)

(ILIM)

are62.5k

to500k

.Avalueof178k

flowingintoVDDandanyRTNleakagecurrent.

13Vand21V.Theclassificationcurrentsspecifiedintheelectricalcharacteristicstableincludethebiascurrent

whentheinputvoltageliesbetween

,connectedbetweenCLASS

TheILIMpinmustnotbeleftopenorshortedtoVSS.

CLASS:Classificationisimplementedbymeansofanexternalresistor,R

andVSS.ThecontrollerdrawscurrentfromtheinputlinethroughR

(CLASS)

(CLASS)

Table1.CLASSIFICATION

CLASS

PDPOWER(W)

R

(CLASS)

(

)

802.3afLIMITS(mA)

NOTE

0

0.44–12.95

 

4420±

1%

 

0-4

Defaultclass

1

0.44–3.84

 

953±

1%

 

9-12

 

2

3.84–6.49

 

549±

1%

 

17-20

 

3

6.49–12.95

 

357±

1%

 

26-30

 

4

-

 

255±

1%

 

36-44

Reservedforfutureuse

toallowdetectionwithtwosiliconrectifiersbetweenthecontrollerandtheRJ-45connector.

disconnectedwhenthelinevoltageexceedsthisrangetoconservepower.Thisvoltagerangehasbeenchosen

applications.R

DET:Connectaresistor,R

1%formost

TheCLASSpinmustnotbeshortedtoground.

(DET)

,betweenDETandVDD.Thisresistorshouldequal24.9k

(VDD)

(DET)

isconnectedacrosstheinputlinewhenV

liesbetween1.4Vand11.3V,andis

VSS:ThisistheinputsupplynegativerailthatservesasalocalgroundtotheTPS2375.

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datasheet

SLVS525B

APRIL2004

REVISEDAPRIL2008

operation. pinprovidesoperatingpowerandallowsthecontrollertomonitorthelinevoltagetodeterminethemodeof

VDD:ThisisthepositiveinputsupplytotheTPS2375,whichisalsocommontodownstreamloadcircuits.This

systems.

theIEEE802.3afstandard.TheTPS2377offersfixedUVLOthresholdsoptimizedforusewithlegacyPoE

TheTPS2375offersfixedUVLOthresholdsdesignedtomaximizehysteresiswhilemaintainingcompatibilitywith

TheTPS2376implementsadjustableUVLOthresholds,butisotherwisefunctionallyequivalenttotheTPS2375.

mustbebelowthelowestvoltagethattheinputreaches.

VDDsagsduetocableresistanceandthedynamicresistanceoftheinputdiodes.ThelowerUVLOthreshold

TheTPS2376enablestheoutputwhenV

exceedstheupperUVLOthreshold.Whencurrentbeginstoflow,

thresholds.Thehysteresis,asmeasuredasapercentageoftheupperUVLO,isthesameastheTPS2375.

UVLOpinisusedwithanexternalresistordividerbetweenVDDandVSStosettheupperandlowerUVLO

:ThispinisspecifictotheTPS2376;itisnotinternallyconnectedontheTPS2375andTPS2377.The

PGisanopen-drainoutput;therefore,itmayrequireapullupresistororotherinterface.

theinternalopen-draintransistor.Performanceisassuredwithatleast4VbetweenVDDandRTN.

thedeviceisnotininrushcurrentlimiting.Inallotherstatesexceptdetection,thePGoutputispulledtoRTNby

PG:ThispingoestoahighresistancestatewhentheinternalMOSFETthatfeedstheRTNpinisenabled,and

presentbetweenVDDandRTNandthePoEinputisnotpresent.

returnforthePGpinpulldowntransistor.TheinternalMOSFETbodydiodeclampsVSStoRTNwhenvoltageis

inrushcurrentlimitcontrolcurrentintothepin.ThePGcircuitmonitorstheRTNvoltageandalsousesitasthe

RTN:Thispinprovidestheswitchednegativepowerrailusedbythedownstreamcircuits.Theoperationaland

UVLO

(UVLO)

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Classification Turnon Voltage − V

Resistance − k

Aµ

Current −

Classification Turnoff Voltage − V

Pass Device Resistance −

I (VDD) − mA

− V

VDD − V

VDD − V

(UVLO)

V

TPS2375

SLVS525B

APRIL2004

REVISEDAPRIL2008

datasheet

7 5 SLVS525B – APRIL2004 – REVISEDAPRIL2008 datasheet www.ti.com

www.ti.com

Graphsovertemperatureareinterpolationsbetweenthemarkeddatapoints.

TYPICALCHARACTERISTICS

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

CLASSIFICATIONTURNON

PDDETECTIONRESISTANCEVOLTAGE

vsvs

I

(VDD)

+I

(RTN)

INDETECTIONV

(PI)

T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A =
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A =
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A =
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A =
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A =
T A = 125 ° C

T A = 125°C

T A = 25°C

T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A = −40
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A = −40
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A = −40
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A = −40
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A = −40

T A =

−40°C

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

V (VDD) − V

8

9

10

11

35

30

25

20

15

10

Specification Limits
Specification Limits
Specification Limits
Specification Limits
Specification Limits
Specification Limits
Specification Limits
Specification Limits
Specification Limits
Specification Limits
Specification Limits

Specification Limits

Specification Limits
Specification Limits
Specification Limits

1

3

5

V (PI) − V

7

9

11

11.3

11.2

11.1

11.0

TEMPERATURE

1 3 5 V (PI) − V 7 9 11 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.0 TEMPERATURE −40
1 3 5 V (PI) − V 7 9 11 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.0 TEMPERATURE −40
1 3 5 V (PI) − V 7 9 11 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.0 TEMPERATURE −40
1 3 5 V (PI) − V 7 9 11 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.0 TEMPERATURE −40

−40

−20

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

Figure2.Figure3.Figure4.

CLASSIFICATIONTURNOFFPASSDEVICE

VOLTAGEI

(VDD)

CURRENTRESISTANCE

TEMPERATUREVDDTEMPERATURE

vsvsvs

21.94

21.93

21.92

21.91

21.90

vsvsvs 21.94 21.93 21.92 21.91 21.90 −40 −20 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature − °
vsvsvs 21.94 21.93 21.92 21.91 21.90 −40 −20 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature − °
vsvsvs 21.94 21.93 21.92 21.91 21.90 −40 −20 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature − °
vsvsvs 21.94 21.93 21.92 21.91 21.90 −40 −20 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature − °
vsvsvs 21.94 21.93 21.92 21.91 21.90 −40 −20 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature − °
vsvsvs 21.94 21.93 21.92 21.91 21.90 −40 −20 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature − °
vsvsvs 21.94 21.93 21.92 21.91 21.90 −40 −20 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature − °
vsvsvs 21.94 21.93 21.92 21.91 21.90 −40 −20 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature − °
vsvsvs 21.94 21.93 21.92 21.91 21.90 −40 −20 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature − °

−40

−20

40

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

0

20

60

80

100

120

0.350

0.300

0.250

0.200

0.150

0.100

T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A =
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A =
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A =
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A =

T A =

125 ° C

125°C

T A = 25°C

T A = −40°C

T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A = −40
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A = −40
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A = −40
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A = −40
T A = 125 ° C T A = 25 ° C T A = −40

22

27

32

37

42

VDD − V

47

52

57

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

C 22 27 32 37 42 VDD − V 47 52 57 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
C 22 27 32 37 42 VDD − V 47 52 57 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
C 22 27 32 37 42 VDD − V 47 52 57 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
C 22 27 32 37 42 VDD − V 47 52 57 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
C 22 27 32 37 42 VDD − V 47 52 57 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
C 22 27 32 37 42 VDD − V 47 52 57 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
C 22 27 32 37 42 VDD − V 47 52 57 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
C 22 27 32 37 42 VDD − V 47 52 57 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
C 22 27 32 37 42 VDD − V 47 52 57 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
C 22 27 32 37 42 VDD − V 47 52 57 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6

−40

−20

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

Figure5.Figure6.Figure7.

TEMPERATURETEMPERATURETEMPERATURE vsvsvs UVLORISINGUVLOFALLINGUVLORISING

TPS2375TPS2375TPS2376

39.5

39.4

39.3

39.2

TPS2375TPS2375TPS2376 39.5 39.4 39.3 39.2 −40 −20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 T A
TPS2375TPS2375TPS2376 39.5 39.4 39.3 39.2 −40 −20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 T A
TPS2375TPS2375TPS2376 39.5 39.4 39.3 39.2 −40 −20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 T A

−40

−20

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

30.60

80 100 120 T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.60 30.56 30.52 30.48 30.44
80 100 120 T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.60 30.56 30.52 30.48 30.44
80 100 120 T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.60 30.56 30.52 30.48 30.44
80 100 120 T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.60 30.56 30.52 30.48 30.44
80 100 120 T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.60 30.56 30.52 30.48 30.44
80 100 120 T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.60 30.56 30.52 30.48 30.44
80 100 120 T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.60 30.56 30.52 30.48 30.44
80 100 120 T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.60 30.56 30.52 30.48 30.44

30.56

30.52

30.48

30.44

30.40

−40

−20

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

2.489

2.488

2.487

2.486

2.485

2.484

Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A
Temperature − ° C 2.489 2.488 2.487 2.486 2.485 2.484 −40 −20 0 40 T A

−40

−20

0

40

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

20

60

80

100

120

Figure8.Figure9.Figure10.

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V (UVLO) − V

VDD − V

VDD − V

Percent of Inrush Limit Current

I (ILIM) − mA

I (RTN) − mA

sµ

PG Deglitch Period −

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datasheet

SLVS525B

APRIL2004

REVISEDAPRIL2008

TYPICALCHARACTERISTICS(continued)

Graphsovertemperatureareinterpolationsbetweenthemarkeddatapoints.

TEMPERATURETEMPERATURETEMPERATURE vsvsvs UVLOFALLINGUVLORISINGUVLOFALLING

TPS2376TPS2377TPS2377

1.929

1.928

1.927

1.926

1.925

1.924

1.923

1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature
1.929 1.928 1.927 1.926 1.925 1.924 1.923 −40 −20 0 40 T A − Free-Air Temperature

−40

−20

0

40

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

20

60

80

100

120

35.20

35.15

35.10

35.05

35.00

34.95

° C 20 60 80 100 120 35.20 35.15 35.10 35.05 35.00 34.95 −40 −20 0
° C 20 60 80 100 120 35.20 35.15 35.10 35.05 35.00 34.95 −40 −20 0
° C 20 60 80 100 120 35.20 35.15 35.10 35.05 35.00 34.95 −40 −20 0
° C 20 60 80 100 120 35.20 35.15 35.10 35.05 35.00 34.95 −40 −20 0
° C 20 60 80 100 120 35.20 35.15 35.10 35.05 35.00 34.95 −40 −20 0
° C 20 60 80 100 120 35.20 35.15 35.10 35.05 35.00 34.95 −40 −20 0
° C 20 60 80 100 120 35.20 35.15 35.10 35.05 35.00 34.95 −40 −20 0
° C 20 60 80 100 120 35.20 35.15 35.10 35.05 35.00 34.95 −40 −20 0
° C 20 60 80 100 120 35.20 35.15 35.10 35.05 35.00 34.95 −40 −20 0

−40

−20

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

30.65

30.60

30.55

30.50

30.45

Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.65 30.60 30.55 30.50 30.45 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.65 30.60 30.55 30.50 30.45 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.65 30.60 30.55 30.50 30.45 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
Free-Air Temperature − ° C 30.65 30.60 30.55 30.50 30.45 −40 −20 0 20 40 60

−40

−20

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

Figure11.Figure12.Figure13.

INRUSHSTATETERMINATION

TEMPERATURETEMPERATURETEMPERATURE

vsvsvs

THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT

94.0

93.5

vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60
vsvsvs THRESHOLDINRUSHCURRENTCURRENTLIMIT 94.0 93.5 93.0 92.5 92.0 91.5 91.0 90.5 −40 −20 0 20 40 60

93.0

92.5

92.0

91.5

91.0

90.5

−40

−20

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

350

325

300

275

250

225

200

175

150

125

100

75 k

75 k Ω
75 k Ω 125 178 k Ω k Ω
75 k Ω 125 178 k Ω k Ω
75 k Ω 125 178 k Ω k Ω
75 k Ω 125 178 k Ω k Ω
75 k Ω 125 178 k Ω k Ω
75 k Ω 125 178 k Ω k Ω
75 k Ω 125 178 k Ω k Ω

125

125 178 k Ω k Ω

178

k

k

125 178 k Ω k Ω
125 178 k Ω k Ω
125 178 k Ω k Ω
125 178 k Ω k Ω
125 178 k Ω k Ω
125 178 k Ω k Ω
125 178 k Ω k Ω
125 178 k Ω k Ω

−40

−20

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

440

435

430

425

T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 440 435 430 425 −40 −20 0 20
T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 440 435 430 425 −40 −20 0 20
T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 440 435 430 425 −40 −20 0 20
T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 440 435 430 425 −40 −20 0 20
T A − Free-Air Temperature − ° C 440 435 430 425 −40 −20 0 20

−40

−20

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

Figure14.Figure15.Figure16.

TEMPERATURE

vs

PGDEGLITCHPERIOD

180

160

140

120

TEMPERATURE vs PGDEGLITCHPERIOD 180 160 140 120 −40 −20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120
TEMPERATURE vs PGDEGLITCHPERIOD 180 160 140 120 −40 −20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120
TEMPERATURE vs PGDEGLITCHPERIOD 180 160 140 120 −40 −20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120
TEMPERATURE vs PGDEGLITCHPERIOD 180 160 140 120 −40 −20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120

−40

−20

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

T A − Free-Air Temperature − °C

Figure17.

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Must Turn Off by − Voltage Falling

Must Turn On by− Voltage Rising

Lower Limit − Proper Operation

Maximum Input

Classification

Classification

Lower Limit

Upper Limit

Lower Limit

Upper Limit

Detection

Detection

Voltage

TPS2375

SLVS525B

APRIL2004

REVISEDAPRIL2008

datasheet

7 5 SLVS525B – APRIL2004 – REVISEDAPRIL2008 datasheet www.ti.com APPLICATIONINFORMATION makingdesigndecisions.

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APPLICATIONINFORMATION

makingdesigndecisions.

substitutefortheactualIEEE802.3afstandard.Standardschangeandshouldalwaysbereferencedwhen

ThefollowingdiscussionisintendedasanaidinunderstandingtheoperationoftheTPS2375,butnotasa

basedonthePDadvertisedpowerrequirements,asdiscussedbelow.

disconnectthePDifitdrawsthiscurrentformorethan75ms.ThePSEmaysetloweroutputcurrentlimits

ThePSEisrequiredtocurrentlimitbetween350mAand400mAduringnormaloperation,anditmust

TPS2375specifications.

dropsassociatedwiththeinputbridgescauseadifferencebetweentheIEEE802.3aflimitsatthePIandthe

time.ThePDusesinputdiodebridgestoacceptpowerfromanyofthepossiblePSEconfigurations.Thevoltage

Figure1

ThePSEcanapplyvoltageeitherbetweentheRXandTXpairs,orbetweenthetwosparepairsasshownin

12.95WavailableattheinputofthePDduetotheworstcasepowerlossinthecable.

requirements.Althoughthestandardspecifiesanoutputpowerof15.4WatthePSEoutput,thereisonly

specificationusesacableresistanceof20toderivethevoltagelimitsatthePDfromthePSEoutput

requirementsdifferfromPSEoutputrequirementstoaccountforvoltagedropsinthecableandmargin.The

ThePDinputistypicallyanRJ-45(8-pin)connector,referredtoasthepowerinterface(PI).PDinput

detection.Figure18showstheoperationalstatesasafunctionofPDinputvoltagerange.

ifthePDisremoved,andturnstheportoff,ifitlosestheMPS.LossofMPSreturnsthePSEtotheinitialstateof presentedbythepoweredPDtoassurethePSEthatitisthere.ThePSEmonitorsitsoutputfortheMPStosee powersupavalidPD,andthenmonitorsitsoutputforoverloads.Themaintainpowersignature(MPS)is allowsthePSEtointelligentlyallocatepowerbetweenPDs,andalsotoprotectitselfagainstoverload.ThePSE mayreturnadefaultfull-powersignature,oroneoffourotherchoices.KnowingthepowerdemandofeachPD thePSEmayoptionallyinquirehowmuchpowerthePDrequires;thisisreferredtoasclassification.ThePD detectionareunlikelytocausedamagetodevicesnotdesignedforPoE.IfavalidPDsignatureispresent,then periodicallychecksforaplugged-indevice;thisisreferredtoasdetection.Thelowpowerlevelsusedduring andoperation.TheintentbehindtheprocessistoleaveanunterminatedcableunpoweredwhilethePSE powerifaPDisdisconnected.Theprocessproceedsthroughthreeoperationalstates:detection,classification,

TheIEEE802.3afspecificationdefinesaprocessforsafelypoweringaPDoveracable,andthenremoving

OVERVIEW

.Theappliedvoltagecanbeofeitherpolarity.ThePSEcannotapplyvoltagetobothpathsatthesame

Detect
Detect
Classify
Classify
Detect Classify Shut - down Normal Operation
Shut - down Normal Operation

Shut -

down

Shut - down Normal Operation

Normal Operation

Detect Classify Shut - down Normal Operation

0

2.7

10.1

14.5

20.5

30

PI Voltage (V)

36

42

57

Operation 0 2.7 10.1 14.5 20.5 30 PI Voltage (V) 36 42 57 Figure18.IEEE802.3PDLimits

Figure18.IEEE802.3PDLimits

detectionimpliesthattheDET,CLASS,PG,andRTNpinsareallhighimpedance. theElectricalCharacteristicssectiontothePoEstates.Themodelabeledidlebetweenclassificationand

comparatorswithhysteresisforstableswitchingbetweenthevariousstates.Figure19relatestheparametersin

InordertoimplementthePoEfunctionalityasshowninFigure18

,theTPS2375hasanumberofinternal

INTERNALTHRESHOLDS

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PD Powered Idle Classification Detection V (CU_H) V (UVLO_F) V (UVLO_R) 1.4V V (CL_ON) V
PD Powered
Idle
Classification
Detection
V (CU_H)
V (UVLO_F)
V (UVLO_R)
1.4V
V (CL_ON)
V (CU_OFF)
Operational Mode

V (VDD)

Figure19.ThresholdVoltages

applyingtwodifferentvoltagestothePIandmeasuringthecurrentitdraws.Thesetwotestvoltagesmustbe

butisnotready,maypresentanincorrectsignatureintentionally.Theincrementalresistanceismeasuredby

of25k

applicationof48V.Whenavoltageintherangeof2.7Vto10.1VisappliedtothePI,anincrementalresistance

ThisfeatureofIEEE802.3afeliminatespoweringandpotentiallydamagingEthernetdevicesnotintendedfor

DETECTION

signalsthePSEthatthePDiscapableofacceptingpower.APDthatiscapableofacceptingpower,

ofR

withthetypeofdiodeselectedbythedesigner,anditisnotusuallyspecifiedonthediodedatasheet.Thevalue

PI.ThebridgeresistanceisinserieswithR

Theinputdiodebridgeincrementalresistancecanbehundredsofohmsatthelowcurrentsseenat2.7Vonthe

open-drainconditiontoconservepower.

Whentheinputvoltagerisesabovethe11.3Vlowerclassificationcomparatorthreshold,theDETpingoestoan

canbeasmall,low-powerresistorbecauseitonlyseesastressofabout5mW.

,1%,

flowingthroughR

circuitsassociatedwithILIMandCLASSaredisabled.TheDETpinispulledtogroundduringdetection.Current

TPS2375drawsaminimumofbiaspowerinthiscondition,whilePGandRTNarehighimpedanceandthe

TheTPS2375isindetectionmodewheneverthesupplyvoltageisbelowthelowerclassificationthreshold.The

26.25k

to

withinthespecifiedrangeandbeatleast1Vapart.Theincrementalresistanceequalsthedifferencebetween

thevoltagesdividedbythedifferencebetweenthecurrents.Theallowedrangeofresistanceis23.75k

.

(DET)

toVSS(

(DET)

Figure1

)producesthedetectionsignature.Formostapplications,a24.9-k

resistorisrecommended.R

(DET)

andincreasesthetotalresistanceseenbythePSE.Thisvarys

(DET)

maybeadjusteddownwardstoaccommodateaparticulardiodetype.

than75ms,butthedesignmustnotrelyonthisfunctiontoprotecttheresistor.

connectedtothePDfrontend.Thermalprotectionmayactivateandturnclassificationoffifitcontinuesformore periodsduringbenchtestconditions,orifanauxiliarypowersourcewithvoltagewithintheclassificationrangeis

required75-msclassificationperiod,duringwhich10Visapplied.ThePDcouldbeinclassificationforextended

requirementsofthePD.Thepowerratingofthisresistorshouldbechosensothatitisnotoverstressedforthe

ThevalueofR

classificationrangetoavoidexcessivepowerdissipation(

atvoltagesabovethe

classes(

drawsafixedcurrentsetbyR

Theclassificationprocessappliesavoltagebetween14.5Vand20.5VtotheinputofthePD,whichinturn

becausesomePSEscanaffordtoallotthefullpowertoeverypoweredport.

allowsthePSEtopowerthemaximumnumberofPDsfromaparticularpowerbudget.Thisstepisoptional

PDpowerrequirementsinordertoallotonlyasmuchpowerasnecessaryfromitsfixedinputpowersource.This

OncethePSEhasdetectedaPD,itmayoptionallyclassifythePD.ThisprocessallowsaPSEtodeterminethe

CLASSIFICATION

.ThePSEmeasuresthePDcurrenttodeterminewhichofthefiveavailable

)thatthePDissignalling.ThetotalcurrentdrawnfromthePSEduringclassificationisthesum

ofbiascurrentsandcurrentthroughR

shouldbechosenfromthevalueslistedinTable1basedontheaveragepower

(CLASS)

Table1

(CLASS)

.TheTPS2375disconnectsR

Figure18andFigure19

).

(CLASS)

(CLASS)

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REVISEDAPRIL2008

datasheet

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TPS2375operationalstates.

graphicallyshowstherelationshipsoftheUVLOthresholdsdefinedintheElectricalCharacteristicssectiontothe

TheTPS2375usestheUVLOfunctiontocontroltheloadthroughanonboardMOSFETswitch.Figure19

pinwhenV

.Thedividerratioshouldbechosentoobtain2.5VattheUVLO

,and

voltage,issimilartothatoftheTPS2375.TousetheTPS2376,connectaresistordividerbetweenVDDand

thresholdswitharesistordivider.ThehysteresisoftheTPS2376,measuredasapercentageoftheturnon

Inordertoprovideflexibilityfornoncompliantdesigns,theTPS2376allowsthedesignertoprogramtheturnon

risesslowly.TheTPS2375isrecommendedforapplicationswithcompliantPSEs.

TPS2377workswithcompliantPSEs,itcouldpotentiallyexhibitstartupinstabilitiesifthePSEoutputvoltage

limitsaredesignedtosupportthesesystemswithalowerturnonvoltageandsmallerhysteresis.Althoughthe

VariouslegacyPSEsystemsinthefielddonotmeettheminimumoutputvoltageof44V.TheTPS2377UVLO

requirements.

voltagesaslowas36V.TheTPS2375UVLOlimitsaredesignedtomeettheturnon,turnoff,andhysteresis

limit.BecausetheminimumPSEoutputvoltageis44V,thePDmustcontinuetooperateproperlywithinput

feedresistanceanda400-mAmaximuminrush

).TheIEEE802.3af

toapplypowertothedownstreamloadandallowthePDtopowerup.TheIEEE802.3afspecificationdictatesa

TheTPS2375incorporatesanundervoltagelockout(UVLO)circuitthatmonitorslinevoltagetodeterminewhen

UNDERVOLTAGELOCKOUT(UVLO)

maximumPDturnonvoltageof42Vandaminimumturnoffvoltageof30V(

standardassumesan8-Vdropinthecablingbasedona20-

VSSwiththetapconnectedtotheUVLOpin.ThetotaldividerresistanceappearsinparallelwiththeR

thecombinationofthetwoshouldequal24.9k

Figure19

(DET)

(VDD)

isatthedesiredturnonvoltage.

untilinrushfinishes,orbyincreasingthevalueoftheinrushcurrentlimit.

usingthePGoutputtoenablethedownstreamconverterafterinrushfinishes,bydelayingtheconverterstartup

thattheconverterinputcurrentdoesnotexceedtheinrushcurrentlimitwhileitisactive.Thiscanbeachievedby

Theinrushlimit,thebulkcapacitorsize,andthedownstreamdc/dcconverterstartupmethodmustbechosenso

systems.ThissameinrushcurrentlevelsufficesformanyTPS2375applications.

140mA,setbyanR

PracticalvaluesofR

circuitactivates,asdescribedinthethermalprotectionsection.

whileincurrent-limitstate,buttheconditionpersistslongenoughtooverheattheTPS2375,thethermallimit

voltagemustdropbelowthelowerUVLOthresholdtoclearthislatch.IftheRTNvoltagedoesnotexceed10V

current-limitstate.IfV

s,theMOSFETislatchedoff.ThePDinput

MOSFETtolimitcurrent.TheRTNvoltagerisesaboveitsnormaloperatingleveloflessthan0.5Vwhilein

Whenintheoperatingcurrent-limitstate,afaultontheoutputoralargeinputtransientcancausetheinternal

MOSFETisdisablediftheinputvoltagedropsbelowthelowerUVLOthreshold.

.Theinternalpower

sdelay.Thisswitchovercanbeseeninthe

V

currentlimitsettotheprogrammedinrushvalue.TheloadcapacitorchargesandtheRTNpinvoltagefallsfrom

V

ishighimpedance,andatV

isbelowthelowerUVLOthreshold,thecurrentlimitstatemachineisreset.Inthiscondition,theRTNpin

TheTPS2375incorporatesastatemachinethatcontrolstheinrushandoperationalcurrentlimitstates.When

todetectfaultconditions.

limitof400mA.ThiscurrentlimitallowsthePDtodrawthemaximumavailablepowerandalsoallowsthePSE

currentsurges.Theminimumoperationalcurrentlimitlevelof405mAisabovethemaximumPSEoutputcurrent

TheTPS2375operationalcurrentlimitprotectstheinternalpowerswitchfrominstantaneousoutputfaultsand

currentswhilepoweringtheiroutputsup. itallowsanarbitrarilylargebulkcapacitortobecharged.Third,somelegacyPSEsmaynottoleratelargeinrush limitbelowthePSEoperationallimit,whichcanbeaslowastheclassificationpowerdividedbythePSEvoltage,

belowthe400mA,50ms,maximuminrushallowedbythestandard.Second,byreducingthelevelofthecurrent

Inrushlimitingisbeneficialforanumberofreasons.First,itprovidesamechanismtokeeptheinrushcurrent

PROGRAMMABLEINRUSHCURRENTLIMITANDFIXEDOPERATIONALCURRENTLIMIT

(VDD) V

oncetheoutputcapacitorisdischargedbythedownstreamcircuits.When

risesabovetheUVLOturnonthreshold,theTPS2375enablestheinternalpowerMOSFETwiththe

.Oncetheinrushcurrentfallsabout10%belowtheprogrammedlimit,thecurrentlimit

switchestotheinternal450-mAoperationallevelaftera150-

operationofPG,whichgoesactive(opendrain)afterinrushterminatesasseeninFigure1

(VDD)

(VDD)

(VDD)

tonearlyV

(VSS)

(RTN)

risesabove10Vformorethan150

(ILIM)

(ILIM)

liebetween62.5k

of178k

and500k

.Thepinmustnotbeleftopen.Aninrushlevelof

,shouldbeusedwithTPS2377applicationsforcompatibilitywithlegacy

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determinewhentoremovepowerfromthePI.ThePSEremovespowerfromthatoutputportifitdetectslossof

OnceavalidPDhasbeendetectedandpowered,thePSEusesthemaintainpowersignature(MPS)to

MAINTAINPOWERSIGNATURE

power.

F.TI'sreferencedesignsmeettherequirementsnecessarytomaintain

MPSfor300msormore.AvalidMPSrequiresthePDtodrawatleast10mAandalsohaveanacimpedance

lessthan26.25k

Ωinparallelwith0.05µ

leftopenifitisnotused.

toaninternalopen-drain,100-Vtransistorcapableofsinking2mAtoavoltagebelow0.4V.ThePGpincanbe

toVDDshowninFigure1maynotbeappropriateforaparticulardc/dcconverterinterface.ThePGpinconnects

referencedtoRTN,notVSS.CaremustbeusedininterfacingthePGpintothedownstreamcircuits.Thepullup

ReferencingPGtoRTNsimplifiestheinterfacetothedownstreamdc/dcconverterorothercircuitbecauseitis

outputispulledtoRTNwhenevertheMOSFETisdisabledorisininrushcurrentlimiting.

exceeds4V.Thisisnotalimitingfactorbecausethedc/dcconvertershouldnotbeabletorunfrom4V.ThePG

regulatedvalue.PGpulldowncurrentisonlyassuredwhenthevoltagedifferencebetweenVDDandRTN

saftertheinrushcurrentfalls10%belowthe

interactionsbetweentheinrushlimit,theconverterstartupcharacteristic,andthesizeofthebulkcapacitor. thePDneversuccessfullystarts.UsingthePGpinisthesafestwaytoassurethattherearenoundesired startupwhileinrushisactive,anddrawsacurrentequaltotheinrushlimit,alatchupconditionoccursinwhich fullycharged.Thispinisintendedforuseasanenablesignalfordownstreamcircuitry.Iftheconvertertriesto

TheTPS2375includesapower-goodcircuitthatcanbeusedtosignalthePDcircuitrythattheloadcapacitoris

POWERGOOD

ThePGpingoestoanopen-drainstateapproximately150µ

latchesoff.ThePGpinishighbecauseRTNistiedtoVDD.

dropstoabout120

thediefrom25

current-limitstatewhentheinputvoltageexceedstheupperUVLOlimit.Apowerdissipationofover5Wheats

Figure20showshowtheTPS2375respondswhenitisenabledintoashort.TheTPS2375startsintheinrush

whenevertheTPS2375isnotindetection.

andensuresthatthePSErecognizesthefaultconditionwhenusingdcMPS.Thermalprotectionisactive

dropsbelowthelowerclassificationthreshold.Thisfeaturepreventsthepartfromoperatingindefinitelyinfault,

hasfallenapproximately20

C.Itautomaticallyrestartswhenthedietemperature

oriftheambienttemperaturebecomesexcessive.TheTPS2375protectsitselfbydisablingtheRTNandCLASS

Thecontrollermayoverheatafteroperationincurrent-limitstateorclassificationforanextendedperiodoftime,

THERMALPROTECTION

C,whichoccursinabout20ms.ThisprocessrepeatseighttimesbeforetheTPS2375

Cinapproximately400ms.TheTPS2375thenshutsdownuntilthedietemperature

pinswhentheinternaldietemperaturereachesabout140

C.Ifthiscycleoccurseighttimes,thenthedevicelatchesoffuntilthesupplyvoltage

Cto140

V (PI) = 44 V, R (ILIM) = 178 k

Ch1: VDD @ 50 V/div CH2: RTN @ 50 V/div CH3: V (PG) @ 50
Ch1: VDD @ 50 V/div
CH2: RTN @ 50 V/div
CH3: V (PG) @ 50 V/div
Iin @ 100 mA/div

Figure20.TPS2375StartedIntoShort

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datasheet

7 5 SLVS525B – APRIL2004 – REVISEDAPRIL2008 datasheet www.ti.com Thefollowingguidelinesshouldbeused:

www.ti.com

Thefollowingguidelinesshouldbeused:

combinationsofEthernetlinesandPSEsources. abovetheirratedpower.ImproperdesignofthepowersystemcancausethePDtonotstartupwithall

currentsatlowvoltage,andtheytendtogotoafullinputpowermodeduringstart-upthatisoften25%ormore

design.DC/DCconvertershavebothaconstantinputpowercharacteristicthatcausesthemtodrawhigh

ThePSEisapowerandcurrentlimitedsource,whichimposescertainconstraintsonthePDpowersupply

POWERSYSTEMDESIGN

3.Theconvertershouldhaveasoftstartthatkeepsthepeakinputstart-upcurrentbelow400mA,and

2.Holdthedc/dcconverteroffduringinrushaspreviouslydiscussed.

1.SettheTPS2375inrushtoamoderatevalueaspreviouslydiscussed.

loop. preferablyonlyamodestamountovertheoperatingcurrent,witha44-VPSEsourceanda20-

4.Ifstep3cannotbemet,thebulkinputcapacitorshouldnotdischargemorethan8Vduringconverterstart

line.Start-upmustbecompletedinlessthan50mS upfroma400-mAlimited,44-Vsourcewitha20-

outputcapacitance,itisalwaysagoodpracticetofollowthem.

therearesomecaseswhichmaynotrequireallthesemeasures,suchasa1-WPDwithminimalconverter

Step4requiresabalancebetweentheconverteroutputcapacitance,load,andinputbulkcapacitance.While

inputpowerandtogroundforoptions2and3.

anddisadvantages.Thewalladaptermustmeetaminimum1500-Vacdielectricwithstandtestvoltagetotheac

ontheTPS2375output.Option3appliespowertotheTPS2375input.Eachoftheseoptionshasadvantages

powerintoaPD.Option1insertspowerontheoutputsideofthePoEpowerconversion.Option2insertspower

complexity,andisnotgenerallyrecommended.Figure21demonstratesthreemethodsofdiodeORingexternal

createsolutionswherethetwopowersourcescoexistinaspecificcontrolledmannerresultsinadditional

solutionaddscostandcomplexity,butallowsaproducttobeusedregardlessofPoEavailability.Attemptingto

ManyPoEcapabledevicesaredesignedtooperatefromeitherawalladapterorPoEpower.Alocalpower

AUXILIARYPOWERSOURCEORING

Inserting a Diode in This Location With Option 2, Allows PoE To Start With Aux
Inserting a Diode in This Location
With Option 2, Allows PoE To Start
With Aux Power Present.
~ +
~ −
Main
R (DET)
DC/DC
DC/DC
22 F
Converter
Converter
DET
Output
UCC3809
ILIM
or
R (ILIM)
UCC3813
~ +
CLASS
~ −
RTN
Option 3
R (CLASS)
Auxiliary
Option 2
Power
Input
For Option 2,
The Capacitor Must Be
Right At The Output
To Control The
Transients.
Use only
Option 1
Optional
one option
Regulator
A Full Wave Bridge
Gives Flexibility To
Use Supply With Either
Polarity
See TI Document SLVR030 For A Typical
Application Circuit.
RJ−45
0.1 F
SMAJ58A
VDDVSS
TPS237X

Figure21.AuxiliaryPowerORing

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REVISEDAPRIL2008

ispluggedin,priorityisgiventothehighersupplyvoltage. PSE,itpreventsthePSEfromdetectingthePD.IfthePSEisalreadypoweringthePDwhentheauxiliarysource capacitancetocontrolthedv/dtandvoltageringing.IfthewallmountsupplyappliespowertothePDbeforethe voltageproblems.Pluggingapoweredadapterinappliesastepinputvoltagetoanodethathaslittle simplifiespowerpriorityissues.Thedisadvantageofthismethodisthatitisthemostlikelytocausetransient

turnonrequirementandtolimitthemaximumvoltageto57V.Thisoptionprovidesavalidpower-goodsignaland

Option3insertsthepowerbeforetheTPS2375.ItisnecessaryfortheadaptertomeettheTPS2375UVLO

sourcevoltagechosen.However,theyarenotrecommendedbecausetheyincreasecomplexityandthuscost. designedtoforceoperationfromonesourceortheotherdependingonthedesiredoperationandtheauxiliary

convertermustoperateduringaconditionwhentheTPS2375wouldnormallydisableit.Circuitsmaybe

currentatitslowestoperatingvoltage.ItisdifficulttousePGwiththelow-voltageauxiliarysourcebecausethe

sourceoption,makesurethattheTPS2375inrushprogramlimitissethigherthanthemaximumconverterinput

PoEoperationalvoltagerange.IfautomaticPoEprecedenceisdesiredwhenusingthelow-voltageauxiliary maycontinuetopowerthePDuntilremoved.Auxiliaryvoltagesourcescanbeselectedtobeaboveorbelowthe power.ThePSEmaynotbeabletodetectandstartpoweringwithoutthediode.Thismeansthattheadapter greater