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According to Vandana Shiva many so-called waste-lands or commons in both

Odisha and Karnataka have been leased out to private companies to generate an
income and have been exploited and in some cases been usurped by them.
Converting wasteland commons plantations for pulp/paper mill or cultivating
bamboo and Eucalyptus is another common practice Wasteland management
boards in the southern states but it must be remembered that these lands were
classified as wastelands by a colonial government because they didnt generate
revenue but the concerned marshes, wetlands, scrubs forests, grasslands and flood
plains are vital to health of the ecology and eco-system of the region and have
always been the mainstay of biodiversity. Monocultures such as plantations disrupt
the ecosystem and biodiversity.

Again many instances abound of converting lagoons and coastal mangroves into
commercial shrimp and fish farms. Many coastal eco-systems along the Karnataka
coast have been affected by this development. Its another monoculture that
destroys the marine eco-system already imperiled by unsustainable non-traditional
fishing practices, eutrophication, and industrial and shipping lane pollution.

Karnataka has 270 km of coastlines, 4.04 lakh hectares of saline and alkaline lands
and 67.18 lakh hectares of land eroded by water. But these areas have potential to
sustain vital eco-systems if maintained instead of being commercially exploited. But
the most common and devastating exploitation of commons in water-scarce and
drought-prone Southern Indian states like Karnataka is the conversion of water
bodies into real-estate. Lakes and marshes that have dried up and choked of inlets
have been usurped and sold to real estate companies for development. There was a
case reported in March 2016 in the wake of the Chennai Floods of the previous
December of a family trying to claim a dried lake along the Chennai-Bengaluru
industrial corridor as ancestral property as they owned surrounding land and were
demanding fresh patta following the death of the patriarch so that the consolidated
land could be sold off to a real estate company to be developed into a new IT park!
In spite of the flooding in December 2015 being attributed in large part to the
diminished absorptive capacity of wetlands and connected water bodies, the
hunger for real estate is undiminished.