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Quize 2

1-In which of these compartments is Na+


concentration the lowest
a)interstitial fluid b) plasma c)
lymph
d) intracellular fluid
2-which statements concerning body fluid
composition is correct
a) ICF contains a lower concentration of
proteins than interstitial fluid
b) interstitial fluid contains a higher
concentration of proteins than plasma
c) ECF contain a high concentration of
potassium than intracellular fluid
d) ECF contains a higher concentration of
sodium than intracellular fluid
3-Which fluid compartment contains about 67%
by volume of the body water
a) ICF b) plasma c)lymph
d) ECF
4-About what percent of young adults body
weight is due to water
a)40 to 50% b)10 to 12%
c)50 to 60 %
d) 98 to 99%
5- body water is lost through each of these
organs except
a) kidney b)lungs c)skin
d)muscles
6- strong acids
a)ionize less completely than weak acid
b)release fewer H+ than weak acid
C)cause smaller chaing in PH than weak acid
d)can be buffered by weak base
7- Which of these chemicals is capable for
buffering strong bases
a) NAHCO3 b)NACL c)H2CO3
d)HPO4
8-Respiratory acidosis may be caused by
a)hypoventilation
b)hyperventilation
c) reduce levels of CO2 in the body
d) a prolonged stay at a high altitude

9- kidney disease causes


a)respiratory acidosis b)respiratory
alkalosis
c)metabolic acidosis d) metabolic
alkalosis
10- emphysema may cause
a)respiratory acidosis b)respiratory
alkalosis
c)metabolic acidosis d) metabolic
alkalosis

11- prolonged hyperventilation could cause


a)respiratory acidosis b)respiratory
alkalosis
c)metabolic acidosis d) metabolic
alkalosis
12- A person who was unregulated diabetes
mellitus may also have
a)respiratory acidosis b)respiratory
alkalosis
c)metabolic acidosis d) metabolic
alkalosis
13- prolonged diarrhea can cause
a) metabolic acidosis and dehydration
b) metabolic alkalosis and dehydration
c) metabolic acidosis and hypoventilation
d) metabolic alkalosis and hyperventilation
14- Which statement is correct
a) the respiratory system compensates for
alkalosis by decreasing respiratory rate and
depth
b) the respiratory system compensates for
acidosis by decreasing respiratory rate and
depth
c) the renal system compensates for alkalosis
by increasing secretion of H+
d) the buffer systems compensate for acidosis
by converting weak acid to strong acid
15- A person who is hyperventilating may
a) be compensating for respiratory alkalosis
b) compensating for metabolic acidosis
c) have respiratory alkalosis
d) B and C
16- Which of these chemical is able to help in
compensating for metabolic acidosis
a) sodium chloride
b) amino group ion and amino acid of protein
c) carbonic acid
d) bicarbonate ion
17- Respiratory alkalosis would be indicated i.f
blood PH is and carbon dioxide
levels are .
a) high , high b) high ,
low
c) low , high d) low ,
low