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John Buchan Middle School

Science Test Revision

5C Gases Around Us Questions

30 min

30 marks

Name

John Buchan Middle School 1


Level 4

1. Solids, liquids and gases

(a) Kenny writes 5 statements about materials.

How has Kenny collected this information?

Tick ONE box.

by fair testing by observing

by measuring by modelling
1 mark

(b) Some of Kennys friends describe their ideas about solids, liquids and gases.

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Which of Kennys statements can be used to argue against Sallys idea?

Tick ONE box.

A B C D E
1 mark

(c)

Which of Kennys statements can be used to support Jos idea?

Tick ONE box.

A B C D E
1 mark

(d)

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Look at Pauls idea and Kennys statements.

(i) Do you agree with Pauls idea?

Tick ONE box.

Agree Do not agree

(ii) Explain your reasoning.

.............................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................
1 mark

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2. Water and Salt

(a) Kiran puts 50cm3 of water in a plastic beaker.

He puts it in a freezer.

He looks at the freezer thermometer.

What is the temperature in the freezer?

...............................C
1 mark

(b) The water in the beaker turns to ice.

Kiran takes the beaker out of the freezer.

He puts it into a fridge.

The diagrams below show what happened.

beaker of water turns ice


water to ice melts

freezer fridge

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Why did the ice in the beaker melt in the cold fridge?

Tick ONE box.

the fridge was colder than the room

there was less food in the fridge

the fridge was bigger than the freezer

the fridge was warmer than the freezer

there was more air in the fridge


1 mark

(c) Kiran puts 50cm3 of water in another beaker.


He adds 5g of salt.

What happens to the salt when Kiran mixes it with the water?

......................................................................................................................
1 mark

(d) Kiran leaves the beaker with water and salt in a warm place for a week.

Complete the following sentences to describe what happens to the water


and salt.

(i) The water ..........................................................................................


1 mark

(ii) The salt .............................................................................................


1 mark

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3. Heating

(a) Water in the pan is being heated.

Some pans have metal handles which get hot.

This plastic handle does not get as hot.

Explain why this plastic handle does not get as hot as a metal handle.

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................
1 mark

(b) The water in the pan starts to boil.

Explain why the amount of boiling water in the pan decreases.

......................................................................................................................
1 mark

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(c) A teacher puts a thermometer into the water.

Use ONE word to complete this sentence.

The thermometer measures the

................................................................. of the water in C.


1 mark

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4. Powder

(a) The children grind up some green, sugar-coated chocolate sweets.

They end up with a mixture of powder and some larger pieces.

Which method should be used to separate the largest pieces of sweets from this
mixture?

Tick ONE box.

sieving evaporating

filtering dissolving
1 mark

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(b) They add the mixture of powder and small pieces to water in a jar and stir.

They leave the mixture to stand for two hours.

Colour comes from the mixture. The liquid in the jar turns green.

What process made the liquid turn green?

......................................................................................................................
1 mark

(c) After two hours there are still some small brown pieces left in the green
liquid.

Which method should be used to separate these brown pieces from the
green liquid?

Tick ONE box.

condensing evaporating

filtering dissolving
1 mark

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(d) The separated green liquid is heated gently on a radiator until only a green
solid is left in the bottom of the dish.

Explain what has happened to the water.

......................................................................................................................
1 mark

(e) How does the time taken for the mixture to dry depend on the temperature
of the radiator?

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................
2 marks

Level 5

5. Bathtime

(a) Jack gets out of the bath. He dries himself with a towel.

Why is towelling a good material to dry himself with?

......................................................................................................................
1 mark

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(b) Small puddles of water drip on to the floor tiles and stay there.

Tick ONE box to say why the puddles stay on the floor tiles.

The puddles stay on the floor because the floor tiles

soak up water. bend easily.

are waterproof. are solid.

1 mark

(c) The bathroom window is closed.

Jack sees drops of water on the inside of the bathroom window.

Name the process that causes the water to appear on the bathroom window.

......................................................................................................................
1 mark

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(d) The flow diagram below shows where the water goes before it reaches the
window.

Complete the flow diagram to show where the water is.

water in
the bath, water in
water on
in the towel
the window
and on the ...........................

floor tiles

1 mark

(e) Jack dries his hair with an electric hairdryer. He does not use the hairdryer in the
bathroom because it might get wet.

Why is it dangerous to use an electric hairdryer near water?

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................
1 mark

6. Pebbles, salt and sand

(a) Joanne has a dry mixture of pebbles, salt and sand.

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She has these four pieces of equipment to help her separate the mixture.

Which piece of equipment from the box above should Joanne use to separate the
pebbles from her mixture?

......................................................................................................................
1 mark

(b) Which TWO pieces of equipment from the box should she use to separate the salt
from the sand?

..................................................... and .......................................................


1 mark

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(c) Joanne uses these two things and some other equipment to separate the salt
from the sand.

When she finishes, she has salt crystals in one container and sand in another
container.

salt crystals sand

Explain fully how Joanne separated the salt and sand mixture, so that she
finished with salt crystals in one container and sand in another container.

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................
2 marks

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7. Evaporation

(a) Some children carried out a fair test.

They used three identical jars with 100 cm of water in each jar.

They put each jar in a different room.

Each room was at a different temperature.

room temperature
of room in C

A 23
B 14
C 18

They measured the volume of water in each jar after one week.

The bar chart shows their results.

Complete the bar chart by adding the labels A, B and C to show which rooms the
jars were in.

water left in jars


100 after one week
80
volume
of water 60
left in jar
in cm 40

20

...... ...... ......


room

Write ONE letter under each bar.


1 mark

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(b) Describe how the volume of water left depends on the temperature of the room.

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................
2 marks

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