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How to enable Archivelog mode in Oracle database 11g

There are two types of logging modes in Oracle database :-


ARCHIVELOG :- NOARCHIVELOG :-
In this type of logging whatever oracle writes in In this type of logging whatever oracle writes in
a redo log file related to transactions in a redo log file related to transactions in
database, saved to another location after a log database must be overwritten when all the log
file has been filled . This location is called files have been filled. In this type of logging we
Archive location. if database is in Archive log can recover our database upto the last
mode then in case of any disaster, we can consistent backup we have with us, after that
recover our database upto the last commit and users have to reenter their data.
user don't have to reenter their data. Until a
redo log file is not written to the Archive
location it cannot be reused by oracle to write
redo related data.

How to check log mode in Oracle database 11g :-

[cognos@rac1 u02]$ sqlplus

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Oct 25 23:03:44 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Enter user-name: /as sysdba


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining
and Real Application Testing options

SQL> archive log list


Database log mode No Archive Mode
Automatic archival Disabled
Archive destination /backup/orcl/
Oldest online log sequence 1
Current log sequence 1

SQL> select name, log_mode from v$database;

NAME LOG_MODE
--------- - -----------
ORCL NOARCHIVELOG

Currently the ORCL database is in NOARCHIVELOG mode

To change the Oracle database in ARCHIVELOG mode. PFB below mentioned steps:-

1. If needed set the archive log destination where you want to save your archive logs whether to
a single location or to multiple location. If this is not set then Oracle save archive log files in
DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST location if set. If you have not set your DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST
location then you have to set your archive location before changing your database to
ARCHIVELOG mode.

SQL> alter system set log_archive_dest_1='LOCATION=/u02/archive' scope=spfile;


System altered.

Note -- To change this parameter while database is open, your database has to run with SPFILE, if
running through PFILE then shut down your database and make changes in your PFILE and then
start the database in MOUNT mode using that changed PFILE

2. After this you need to shut down your database and start again in MOUNT mode

SQL> shu immediate;


Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

SQL> startup mount;


ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1025298432 bytes


Fixed Size 1341000 bytes
Variable Size 322963896 bytes
Database Buffers 696254464 bytes
Redo Buffers 4739072 bytes
Database mounted.

SQL> alter database archivelog;


Database altered.
SQL> alter database open;
Database altered.

SQL> archive log list


Database log mode Archive Mode
Automatic archival Enabled
Archive destination /u02/archive
Oldest online log sequence 1
Next log sequence to archive 1
Current log sequence 1

SQL> select name,log_mode from v$database;


NAME LOG_MODE
--------- ------------
ORCL ARCHIVELOG

Database changed to ARCHIVELOG mode.


Note :- After you changed your database to ARCHIVELOG mode, take a backup of your database
immediately because in recovery scenarios you can recover your database from the last backup
taken in this mode.

To change the Oracle database in NOARCHIVELOG mode. PFB below mentioned steps:-
1.Shutdown your running database.
SQL> shu immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
2. Start your database in MOUNT mode.

SQL> startup mount


ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 1025298432 bytes
Fixed Size 1341000 bytes
Variable Size 322963896 bytes
Database Buffers 696254464 bytes
Redo Buffers 4739072 bytes
Database mounted.

SQL> alter database noarchivelog;


Database altered.

SQL> alter database open;


Database altered.

SQL> archive log list


Database log mode No Archive Mode
Automatic archival Disabled
Archive destination /u02/archive
Oldest online log sequence 1
Current log sequence 1

SQL> select name,log_mode from v$database;


NAME LOG_MODE
--------- ------------
ORCL NOARCHIVELOG
Database changed to NOARCHIVELOG mode.