Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 23

Phase diagrams

1- Unary system
2- Binary system
3- Ternary system
4- Quaternary system
5- Multicomponent system

1
p-T diagram of a pure component
For water like substances if we increase pressure, the solid melts to liquid.
So, for water, ice melts to liquid water and is helpful for skating.

2
Phase behavior of a mixture of
components

For pure component

For mixture of
components
3
pv diagram of mixture of components

For pure component

4
p-T diagram of a mixture of
components

Cricondenbar

Cricondentherm
5
T-x-y diagram of a near ideal binary mixture

6
p-x-y diagram of a near ideal binary mixture

7
p-T diagram of a mixture of components
S = 20% A + 70% B + 10% C, L = 40% A+ 30% B+ 30% C
One part of S mixed with 3 parts of L
Isotherm, Isobars and VLE compositions

30% H2O and acetone


gives 3.45 atm 30% H2O and acetone
gives 61.5 C

Isobars of mixtures of water, methanol and acetone at 100 oC Isotherms of mixtures of water, methanol and acetone at 1 atm.
Full lines y1 ; Broken lines y3

30% water and acetone is equilibrium with y1 = 0.095 & y3 = 0.57

VLE compositions of mixtures of water, methanol and acetone at 1 atm.


Vapor composition

Equilibrium compositions of liquid and vapor phases in Equilibrium compositions of liquid and vapor phases in
the system at 150 atm and -195 oC. the system at 150 atm and -185 oC.

Sharp change in the shape of two phase region


Lower ends of tie lines liquid compositions

Upper ends of tie lines vapor compositions

Compositions of coexisting phases in the system of CH4, decane, butane at 280 F and several pressures.
Ternary mixture with one 3 phase-region, 3 each of two-phase and one phase regions.
Naphtha (A), Furfural (B), Isobutane (C), Butadiene (D) at 20 oF.
DC
KK is the locus of the plait points.
At 25 oC
Broken lines y2

Full lines y3

Equimolal liquid equilibrium y2 = 0.35 & y3 = 0.57


Exergy