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North County Village Conference

2017
Model United Nations
Overpopulation
Chairs: Natalie Novella & Adrianne Santa
Romana
Dear Delegates,

Hi Delegates! My name is Natalie Novella and I will be the Chair for this
committee. This is my third time chairing, and Ive participated in numerous
conferences before. I look forward to meeting all of you and being a witness
to an amazing committee! Please dont hesitate to contact me if you have
any questions or concerns at nanovella@hightechhigh.org

Hi there Delegates! My name is Adrianne Santa Romana and I will be Co-


chairing this committee with Natalie. I am currently an 11th grader and have
been a part of MUN for two years. I cant wait to hear you all voice your
country's opinions about the topic during the conference. Dont feel shy
because I would love it if everyone has a chance to participate in the
conference! Please dont hesitate to ask me any questions about the process
or information about this committee at asantaromana@hightechhigh.org.
This is going to be awesome!
I. Background and Statement of the Issue
Overpopulation is a prominent threat to the survival of the human
species. Humans first appeared on Earth 200,000 years ago. By 1850
humans had reached an overall population of 1 billion. This means is took
nearly 150,000 years to put the first billion people on Earth, but the next
billion only took 100 years. Now a new billion people are added to our
population roughly every 12 years. This means that around every 20
minutes, 3,000 people are added to the worlds population. Human
overpopulation is a very terrifying issue because it threatens the wellbeing of
every single person on the planet. To put it simply, the more people: the
depletion of natural resources, the destruction of the environment, the rise
in crime rate, hunger, unemployment, war, and the cost of living becomes a
burden and struggle for everyone across the planet.
Population growth is not only caused by massive reproduction rates,
but also the increasing life expectancy. Medical breakthroughs in the past
100 years have allowed humans to live longer, creating an imbalance of
more babies constantly being born but people dying less and less. Many
attempts to control population growth have failed in the past:

In 1979 Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping created the One Child


Policy as an official attempt to control population growth. The Chinese
government estimates that the policy prevented 400 million births.
In 1975 when the Indian government unleashed an aggressive
massive sterilization program, 8 million people were sterilized in the
name of population growth control.
In the early 2000s when Indonesias population started growing
at a staggering rate, the Indonesian government urged citizens to only
have only two children.

II. Vocabulary
Overpopulation - The condition of being populated with excessively large
numbers.
Genocide - The deliberate killing of a large group of people.
Abstinence - Restraining oneself from indulging in something (in this context:
sex)
Contraception - Techniques of preventing pregnancy
Sterilization - To destroy the ability of (a person) to reproduce by removing the
sex organs or inhibiting their functions.

III. Bloc Positions

Most Populated Countries (Most to Least)


China
India
United States
Indonesia
Brasil
Pakistan
Nigeria
Bangladesh
Russia
Japan
Mexico
Philippines
Ethiopia
Vietnam
Egypt
Iran
Germany
Canada
Argentina
Italy

Countries Over-Impacted by Refugees


Jordan
Turkey
Uganda
United Kingdom
Sweden
France
Iraq
Denmark
Hungary
Australia

Least Populated Countries


North Korea
Ghana
Yeman
Saudi Arabia
Afghanistan
IV. Possible Solutions/Questions to Consider
Limiting the number of children people are allowed to have
Provide universal access to safe contraceptive options for both
sexes.
Offer age appropriate sexuality education to all children.
Offer incentives for refraining from having children.
Put prices on environmental costs and impacts.
Terminate all unplanned pregnancies.
Promoting abstinence.

How will countries conserve resources and/or provide


enough for their citizens?
What steps should be taken to slow down population
growth rate?

V. Parliamentary Procedure

Points: Points serve as a way to ask questions in committee, or bring something


not of direct importance to the committee's attention.
Point of Order - A delegate can raise a point of order when there is a
violation of the rules of procedure.
Point of Personal Privilege - This point is used when a delegates ability
to participate in committee is impaired. For example, if it is difficult to
hear the speaker or you need to use the restroom.
Point of Inquiry - This is used when a delegate is unsure of a rule or
part of parliamentary and would like clarification.
Motions: Motions are used in the committee when delegates wish to pass an
action that will affect the entire committee.
Motion to Open the Speakers List - A motion used at the beginning of
the conference to set the speakers list; the chair will then call on
delegates that wish to be added.
Motion to Set the Agenda - If multiple topics are to be debated, this
motion will be used to set the order.
Motion to Enter Moderated Caucus - A moderated caucus can be called
for at anytime during organized debate: when the chair asks for any
points or motions or following a finished caucus. It is important to note
that the delegate who motions must also specify the length of the
caucus, the length of each speaking time, and the purpose of the
caucus. This form of debate is best used for relatively faced-paced
discussion on specific sub-topics.
Motion to Enter Unmoderated Caucus - An unmoderated caucus can be
called for at anytime during organized debate: when the chair asks for
any points or motions or following a finished caucus. This is best used
for informal debate and provides time for delegate collaboration.
Motion to Table to Topic - This motion is used if a delegate wishes to
immediately end debate on a topic and move to the next item on the
agenda.
Motion to Adjourn Debate - A motion to adjourn the last committee
session, effectively ending the conference.

Position Papers
Your position papers should include a number of elements. First off, you must
include a formal statement of what country you represent and what stance it
takes on the issue. Next, you should discuss your countrys view on the
subject and any possible solutions that your position would support. Here are
a few questions to consider:
1. How does overpopulation directly and indirectly affect your
country?
2. What are some possible solutions your country, based on their
common beliefs and political leanings, would be in support of?

Reliable Sources
Population and Poverty:
http://www.unfpa.org/resources/population-and-poverty
Population Rates:
http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/population-by-country/
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2002.html
Population Crisis:
http://www.worldpolicy.org/blog/2016/06/13/too-few-and-too-many-looming-
population-crisis