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A Pulp Thriller and Theological Journal

Volume 7, Number 1 Hallowmas 1987

Editorial Shards 2

Lovecraft and Blackwood: A Surveillance 3

By Mike Ashley

Innsmouth Spawn 9
By Randall Larson

Did Lovecraft Revise "The Curse of Alabad and

Ghinu and Aratza"? 15
By Will Murray

Cthaat Aquadinqen A Guide to Further Research

: . 17
By Carl T. Ford

Henry Kuttner's Cthulhu Mythos Tales: An

Overview 21
By Shawn Ramsey

The True History of the Tcho-Tcho People .... 29

By Robert M. Price and Tani Jantsang

Still More Limericks from Yuggoth 27

By Lin Carter

The Benevolence of Yib 28

By Lin Carter

The Mystics of Muelenburg 32

By Thomas Ligotti

From the Vaults of Yoh-Vombis 37

By Lin Carter

R'lyeh Review 93

Mail-Call of Cthulhu 51

2 / Crypt of Cthulhu

Debatable and Disturbing:


You'll feel like detective Thomas F. Malone

at the climax of "The Horror at Red Hook" when
you behold this issue's cataclysmic flood of divers
and sundry horrors! Yes, it's another putrescent
potpourri issue, examining all sorts of aspects
of Lovecraft's work and the Cthulhu Mythos.
Two articles focus on Lovecraft the writer and
reviser. Mike Ashley's "Lovecraft and
Blackwood: A Surveillance" provides fascinating
information on each writer's estimate of the other's
work. Up to now most readers have heard only
a very brief account of Blackwood's view of HPL.
Ashley, well known for his History of the Science
Fiction Magazine volumes as well as his anthology
Weird Legacies and others, has done real
frontline research here. Will Murray undertakes
a literary-critical experiment in "Did Lovecraft
Revise 'The Curse of Alabad and Chinu and
Other Mythos writers come in for scrutiny in
Shawn Ramsey's "Henry Kuttner's Cthulhu Mythos
Fiction: An Overview" and Carl Ford's " Cthaat
Aquadingen A Guide to Further Research.' Two

more articles indulge in a bit of Mythos ethnology

in Randall Larson's "Innsmouth Spawn" and "The
True History of the Tcho-Tcho People" by Tani
Jantsang and yours truly.
Most of our potpourri issues will be including
fiction,and this time we offer Lin Carter's "The
Benevolence of Yib," a new Simrana tale, and
Thomas Ligotti's "The Mystics of Muelenburg."
And of course there is a plethora of columns,
reviews, and letters.

Robert M. Price,

Hallowmas 1987 / 3

Lovecraft & Blackwood :

By Mike Ashley

The answer to the question as Lord Dunsany, Lovecraft devotes

to whom Lovecraft believed was the justfive paragraphs to Blackwood.
greatest living writer of weird fic- He introduces him as "inspired and
tion is simple Algernon Blackwood. prolific," stating that amidst his
He said as much in his letter to "voluminous and uneven work may
Willis Conover in January 1937 [SL be found some of the finest spectral
V.389). Moreover he regarded literature of this or any age."
Blackwood's "The Willows" as the Lovecraft shows immediately his
greatest weird story ever written keen understanding of Blackwood's
[SL V.388] deep writing temperament. Black-
Lovecraft's appreciation of wood was, first and foremost, a
Blackwood has long interested me. pantheist, and saw the workings of
Since 1978 I have been research- supernatural powers in the whole
ing, allows, a biography of
as time range of nature. "No one has even
Blackwood, and such delvings cast approached the skill, seriousness,
up all manner of fascinating side- and minute fidelity with which he
lines, few of which can be dealt records the overtones of strange-
with at any length in a biography. ness in ordinary things and expe-
A natural question that came to riences," Lovecraft notes, "or the
mind was whether Lovecraft was preternatural insight with which he
in any way influenced by Black- builds up detail by detail the com-
wood's work. And, thinking fur- plete sensations and perceptions
ther along those lines, whilst we leading from reality into supernor-
know of Lovecraft's views of Black- mal life or vision." Lovecraft sum-
wood's work, what did Blackwood marises his initial introduction to
think of Lovecraft's, and might he Blackwood by saying that ". . .

have recognised any influence? he is the one absolute and unques-

Those are not simple questions tioned master of weird atmosphere."
to answer, and do not feel yet I Lovecraft is not wholly praise-
that have satisfactory answers
I worthy in his assessment of Black-
to all of them, but it's an area of wood, however. Following the
research don't want to keep to
I initial encomium Lovecraft then
myself, and I'm hoping that by draws attention to Blackwood's
airing some views here, may in- I shortcomings, his "ethical didacti-
vite others to add more substance. cism, occasional insipid whimsical-
In this article want to con- I ity, the flatness of benignant su-
centrate simply on Lovecraft's views pernaturalism . a too free use
. . ,

of Blackwood's fiction, and Black- of the trade jargon of modern 'oc-

wood's views of Lovecraft's. I'll cultism,' [and al diffuseness and
save for a later article the detec- longwindedness . ..."
tive work of tracing influences criticism is valid. Blackwood's
and style. shorter works can be divided into
The obvious place to start in two kinds. As a means of daily
surveying Lovecraft's appreciation income he wrote a number of short,
of Blackwood is in his essay on trite stories, which suffer from
"Supernatural Horror in Litera anything more than a casual read-
ture." Sandwiched between his ing. More dear to his heart, how-
two other favourite living writers ever, were his "nature" stories,
of the day, Arthur Machen and especially those in Pan's Carden,

4 / Crypt of Cthulhu

where he strove to capture the but it is difficult to understand

moods of Nature in a language that why Lovecraft would make no men-
is sufficiently equipped with
not tion of any of the stories in Pan's
the words to convey subjective, G arden especially the emotive "The

somewhat transient and frequently Man Whom the Trees Loved," which
elusive emotions. I feel would have appealed to Love-
Having established his views of craft, despite its overt sentimental-
Blackwood in general, Lovecraft ity.
then cites a few specific works. The version of "Super-
Heading the list is "The Willows." natural Horror in Literature" was
"Here art and restraint in narra- written during early 1926. Love-
tive reach their very highest devel- craft had an opportunity to revise
opment." Also cited is "The Wen- the essay in 1933 and again in
digo," which he ranks almost as 1936, but in neither of these cases
high, though it is a "less artisti- did he choose to make any amend-
cally finished tale. ." "An
. . ments to his views on Blackwood.
Episode in a Lodging House" and Neither did he feel any author had
"The Listener" both rate separate surpassed him. The only major
mentions along with general praise change arose through his subse-
for the volume Incredible Adven - quent discovery of the works of
tures which contains some of the
. William Hope Hodgson, which caused
finest tales which the author has him to compare Blackwood to Hodg-
yet produced. . .," and a more
. son. An obvious comparison was
detailed discussion of John Silence . between the Carnacki and John
Although Lovecraft was not an en- Silence stories, and here we see
thusiast of the occult detective Lovecraft showing his aversion to
story, he believes these stories are the psychic detective story, though
amongst Blackwood's best work, his dislike is aimed more at Car-
with "Ancient Sorceries" "perhaps nacki. On a higher level, in his
the finest tale in the book." praise of Hodgson, Lovecraft says
Lovecraft offers no conclusions, "Mr. Hodgson is perhaps second
having presented his analysis in the only to Algernon Blackwood in his
opening paragraphs, but he does serious treatment of unreality."
also draw attention to Blackwood's Lovecraft's view of Blackwood
more delicate phantasies, J imbo and as the leading writer of weird fic-
The Centaur . tion remained fixed and unchal-
From this analysis we can see lenged until his death. In his last
that Lovecraft had certainly read letter, incomplete at the time of
Blackwood's collections The Empty his death, we find Lovecraft still
House The Listener John Silence
, . , waxing lyrical on the virtues of
The Lost Valley and Incredible Ad - Blackwood. "Setting aside his
ventur es along with the two novels junk," he begins, having cited the
mentioned. It is interesting that novels The Extra Day and The
he makes no mention of Pan's Car - Garden of Survival "we may see ,

den either here, or in the corre- him as the possessor of a rich cos-
spondence that have seen, and
I I mic imagination, an occasionally in-
do wonder whether Lovecraft ever spired command of pictorial sym-
had the opportunity to read it. bols, and a metrical sense which in
The collections mentioned above all musical value and sensitiveness to
had easily accessible American edi- new, bizarre, and obscure har-
tions, but Pan's Garden did not, monies was not inferior to Poe's
and was only available in copies own" [SL V 934 . ]

imported into America through the It was rather fitting that this
American branch of the British final letter was being written to
publisher Macmillan. But the same James F. Morton (1870-1941 ), since
circumstances relate to The Centaur it was Morton who introduced Love-
which Lovecraft clearly had read. craft to Blackwood I see SL I V . 1 74 1 .

Possibly copies were loaned to him. Just when Lovecraft first discov-

Hallowmas 1987 / 5

ered Blackwood is not so easy to Instead, having seen what Love-

determine. According to L. Sprague craft thought of Blackwood, what
de Camp's Lovecraft: A Biography was Blackwood's opinion of Love-
(p. 152), Lovecraft first met Morton craft?
on September 5, 1920, so it seems Like Lovecraft, Blackwood was
safe to assume he knew of no an avid reader, having read widely
Blackwood prior to that. S. T. in weird and fantastic fiction. Alas,
Joshi, citing a letter from Love- unlike Lovecraft, he never set down
craft to L. D. Clark in his essay his opinions in essay form, and
"On 'Supernatural Horror in Litera- neither have his letters been pub-
ture'" ( Fantasy Commentator Fall . lished. have been fortunate in

1985, p. 194), states that Lovecraft locating a sizeable number of Black-

had first read "The Willows" some- wood's letters, but only a few of
time in 1924. It was as a relatively these make reference to weird fic-
new convert to Blackwood, there- tion. Perhaps the best response
fore, that he approached his as- was to an enquiry by Edward Wag-
sessment of his work in his essay, enknecht. In his response, dated
and it is interesting to consider May 4, 1946, Blackwood lists a few
that despite his intense reading of his favourite ghost stories,
during 1925/26 and his random though, typical of Blackwood by
reading thereafter he found no one this time, his memory for names
to equal Blackwood at his best. lets him down. "'The Wind in the
Writing to Vincent Starrett in De- Rose Bush' (Emma Wilkins, I

cember 1927, shortly after complet- think), one or two fine tales in
ing the essay, Lovecraft wrote 'The Diamond Lens,' whose author
again that he was "dogmatic enough has slipped my memory (Fitz-james
to call 'The Willows' the finest or some similar name), both writers
weird story have ever read
." . . having, felt, the authentic touch;

and then citing John Silence and 'The Demon Lover' (Elizabeth Bow-
Incredible Adventures he , states en, published over here a few
that Blackwood rates "far higher months ago in a volume with that
as a creative artist than many an- title;) ... if further stories come
other craftsman of mountainously to mind will send them later.

superior word-mastery & general Henry James's 'The Two Magics'

technical ability" [SL 11.210). At has, alas, been reprinted to death,
this stage, therefore, Blackwood I gather, already, prince of all
had usurped Poe, Dunsany and ghost stories, always think. Fa-I

Machen (whom Lovecraft had dis- ther Benson had some first rate
covered in that order) as the mas- ghostly tales in his 'Mirror of Shal-
ter of the weird story. And writ- lot,' but his brother's (Dodo Ben-
ing to Fritz Leiber in November son) in the same direction
1936, he still cites "The Willows" ("The Tower") never quite came
as the best weird story ever writ- off, I There's a longish list
ten and writes at some length on of first class ghost stories,
the virtues of Blackwood's fiction but I'm sure you will be familiar
ISL V. 341 ] with them and they have been re-
If Lovecraft was going to be in- printed to death by now, from
fluenced by Blackwood at all, it Monty James & Kipling to Lefanu,
would almost certainly have been in A. E. Coppard etc. May Sin-
the immediate post-discovery peri- clair's 'Tales of the Uneasy,' how-
od, around 1924/5, with later sto- ever, have rarely, if ever, seen

ries showing a merger of any in any anthology, and they are ad-
Blackwood influence with those mirable. 'Le Horla," of course,
from other sources. But the analy- de Maupassant's little masterpiece
sis of such influences will take up when his mind was going, you
more room than have here, so know; also 'The Open Window' by

shall tantalisingly leave that for a Saki oh and many others

later article.

6 / Crypt of Cthulhu

That is the most have yet en- I Blackwood thanked him. "I am, as
countered that Blackwood wrote on you realize, greatly interested in
weird fiction, though other letters the field you cover so comprehen-
occasionally mention other stories sively and few books of this kind
and authors. Nowhere in any of escape me. Despite this, have I

the lists does Blackwood mention never come across anything of

Lovecraft, but that may not be too H. P. Lovecraft, probably because
surprising, since, prior to 1949, no book of his has been published
less than a handful of stories by over here. It so happens that a
Lovecraft had been reprinted in correspondent in Lexington, Ky, is
Britain, mostly in the N ot at Night now sending me a volume from his
series, and these Blackwood almost own shelves, and am greatly look-

certainly did not read. ing forward to its arrival. note, I

But Blackwood had read some too, that one of his tales is to be
Lovecraft, and his introduction included in your Sleep No More vol-
came by way of an American cor- ume .

respondent, Allen McElfresh. Al- Derleth responded

promptly on
len had written to Blackwood in December 23rd,Blackwood did
September and the letter
1944, not get roundreplying until
eventually reached Blackwood on February 28th, This was
October 1 1, 1944. That day would just three weeks after
he replied
be the first on which Blackwood to McElfresh, and both of these
encountered Lovecraft's name. He letters make reference to Love-
replied to McElfresh the next day. craft's work. It is clear, there-
"I am embarrassed by the high fore, that Blackwood had settled
compliments you pay to my work, down to read Lovecraft's work dur-
and also by my ignorance of the ing December 1944/January 1945.
writings of Phillips Lovecraft. His Before turning to his comments,
name, however, has never come let's consider what he had read.
my way, not even his essay you Again it is a shame that McEl-
mention on 'Supernatural Horror in fresh's letter does not survive.
Literature,' nor his macabre writ- In his reply, on February 5th 1945,
ings. hope you will send a line
I Blackwood thanked him for "the
to relieve this ignorance, giving little volume of Lovecraft's tales."
me the names of a book or two. "Little" can hardly refer to The
Being naturally interested in this Outsider and Others or Beyond
line of work, I always keep a good the Wall of Sleep and it is per-

lookout for it and I'm at a loss to haps unlikely that McElfresh would
explain how have missed this
I have wished to have entrusted
writer." McElfresh responded on such valuable items to the wartime
November 1st, but do not know I mail. The only other collection of
when Blackwood received the letter Lovecraft's work published at that
as he did not reply until February time, and one which would cer-
5th 1945. It is a shame that McEl- tainly earn the epithet "little,"
fresh kept no copy of his letter as, was the Bart House paperback The
according to Blackwood in his re- Weird Shadow Over Innsmouth ,

sponse, "it is a comprehensive which had been published in 1944.

review of supernatural literature, It contained just five of Lovecraft's
an essay rather than a letter." stories, "The Shadow Over Inns-
At the same time as Blackwood mouth," "The Outsider," "He,"
was reading, re-reading and "ab- "The Festival" and "The Whisperer
sorbing," McElfresh's letter, he al- in Darkness." In addition, Black-
so received a letter from August wood had also received a copy of
Derleth, dated November 10th 1944, Derleth's anthology Sleep No More
to which Blackwood responded on (1944) which had included Love-
December 4th. Derleth had sent craft's "The Rats in the Walls."
Blackwood a copy of his Arkham Blackwood's opinions, therefore,
House publishing booklet, for which are based solely on these six sto-
. .

Hallowmas 1987 / 7

ries. Let's look at his comments to stories were "The Yellow Sign" by
McElfresh first since these were Robert W. Chambers, "He Cometh
probably written in the immediate and He Passeth By" by H. R.
aftermath of reading the stories. Wakefield, and "A Gentleman From
"I have read Lovecraft with keen Prague" by Stephen Grendon (it is
enjoyment but, while appreciating unlikely that Derleth would have
to the full his gorgeous imagination told him that this was his own
and feeling for atmosphere, the pseudonym)
thrill of Fear demand in such
I Twenty-three days after replying
stories did not come. He has the to McElfresh, Blackwood wrote to
material in plenty, in more than Derleth thanking him for the copies
plenty, but am oppressed rather
I of Sleep No More and Henry S.
than thrilled by what feel to be
I Whitehead's collection Jumbee "I .

overloading. There is a piling up look forward with the greatest pos-

and up of detail that, for me, de- sible interest to reading them,
feats its own end. From a comment especially Whitehead's remarkable
in your own letter about this feel I tales, some of which already I

you partly agree with me that he is know. You have, too, found a
never wholly what we call 'master most admirable illustrator." It is
of his material' and that the cumu- clear from his letter to McElfresh
lative effect is a bit bludgeoning on that Blackwood had already read
the mind. long for something to
I Sleep No More ,
yet here he is tell-
be left to the imagination, sug- ing Derleth he is looking forward
gested, insinuated, instead of to reading it. can only assume

forced upon me with an adjectival that, not having found the an-
wealth that tends to weary. also I thology totally satisfying, Black-
do not react sympathetically to his wood did not wish to upset Der-
preoccupation with corpses and de- leth's feelings. Ironically, had he
cay; indeed, it was all could doI but singled out the Stephen Gren-
to finish reading his 'Rats in the don tale for praise, he would have
Wall,' a tale that stirred repulsion more than pleased Derleth. Black-
rather than woke horror. What we wood then turned his thoughts to
call 'spiritual horror' stirs fear in Lovecraft
me while physical horror leaves me "Lovecraft, too, find extremely

unresponsive, even antagonistic. interesting, though could wish


For instance, find a climax of

I that his exuberant and powerful
sheer spiritual horror in the 'Turn imagination were a little less pre-
of the Screw,' the ghastly menace occupied with the 'physical' horror
to the souls of the two children, of decay. What look for always

though this hideous tale, notice, I in this field, and what depend on I

is among your favourites.

not am I for the authentic thrill, is spiritual
interested that we should disagree horror. And feel sure you will

here. I can't read the 'Screw' not resent this minor criticism."
even in daylight without a genuine Blackwood ends by emphasizing
shiver down my spine, whereas no his admiration for the productions
one of Lovecraft's stories really of Arkham House: "we have noth-
held me at any point. For that ing to touch it here in England."
matter, neither Monty James nor The only other Lovecraft story
Bierce have ever frightened me, that we can say for certain Black-
tho' Machen once or twice nearly wood read is "The Shunned House"
achieved this and your letter men- which was included in Derleth's
tions other stories that have also anthology W ho Knocks? Blackwood
managed really to scare me!" received this from Derleth toward
Blackwood also mentioned that the end of May 1946, and he re-
only two or three of the stories sponded on June 10th. This pro-
in the Sleep No More anthology vides his only other documented
"resulted in the genuine shudder of detailed critique of Lovecraft, but
fear Ilook for in such work." The I shall quote his review of Who

8 / Crypt of Cthulhu

Knocks? in full. Mountains of Madness might , his

Who Kn o cks? is a very fine col- views have been different?
lection, many of the items being It is interesting to speculate be-
new to me: Coppard, Wakefield, cause Blackwood's Love- view of
Whitehead never let the reader craft's fiction is much the same as
down and May Sinclair has a very Lovecraft's own. Indeed, Lovecraft
special secret all her own. saw I was trying to rectify the very fac-
something of her years ago and tors that Blackwood highlights in
recall my surprise that this little that last letter, the inclusion of
rather dried-up spinster had all "cosmic wonder." Curiously, in his
this sense of dramatic mystery letter to Fritz Leiber, dated Novem-
buried inside her. Her sense of ber 9, 1936 [SL V.341), Lovecraft
wonder did not betray itself in her actually says: "What miss in

conversation, but it lay there like Machen, James, Dunsany, de la

a sleeping volcano. Mary Freeman Mare, Shiel, and even Blackwood
has, too, more than a touch of it. and Poe, is a sense of the cosmic .

Sheer horror, without this sense That seems a little hard to believe,
of wonder wonder about the uni- considering the nature of "The
verse, mean, 'cosmic wonder, to
Willows," and the cosmic
is consid-
use a dreadful phrase never quite erably more evident in Blackwood's
stirs me. have asked myself why
I novel Julius Le Vallon which per- .

Lovecraft often fails in this case, haps Lovecraft had not read, but
since he writes so well and all the also in The Centaur which he had. ,

raw stuff of true horror is at his Blackwood's rather more serious

command. Is it that he often over- criticism of too much overt horror
does the piling up of material hor- rather than suggested, Lovecraft
ror without relating it to bigger had also recognised. In a letter to
issues cosmic, spiritual, literally E. Hoffmann Price on November 18,
'unearthly'? Something in me turns 1934 |SL V.70], Lovecraft wrote:
instinctively from decay, the grave, "One point concerns an occasional
a glut of too material detail." plethora of visibly explanatory mat-
Derleth's alas, does ter. feel sure that
I ought to I

not since he clearly com-

survive, get rid of this to substitute brief
mented on Blackwood's views. implication or suggestion but at
Blackwood, in his response in July this stage don't know how to make

1946, wrote, "I think your comment the substitution."

on my reaction to Lovecraft's work Lovecraft was clearly aware of
is admirable mean it hits the nail
I his limitations sometimes too aware.
precisely on the head." wonder I Blackwood's views of Lovecraft were
what that was, since it must have based on too small a selection of
contained some adverse criticism by stories, and one wonders what
Derleth on Lovecraft. Blackwood would have thought of
What needed mentioning was that Lovecraft's later stories, as Love-
Blackwood's views were being made craft himself struggled to overcome
on a very limited selection of Love- his failings. Did Lovecraft do that
craft's fiction just seven stories. in isolation, or did he draw upon
Unless Blackwood had encountered his favourite writers? Could he, in
some other stories between January fact, learn from Blackwood's best
1945 and June 1946, which is pos- stories, how to overcome the very
sible but unlikely, he was passing shortcomings Blackwood would later
judgement on only a fraction of criticize him for? That was the
Lovecraft's output and, with the question that most fascinated me,
possible exception of "The Whis- and one which must wait for a later
perer in Darkness," without read- article to answer.
ing any of Lovecraft's best work.
Had Blackwood been able to read
"The Colour out of Space," "The 1 . The quotes from "Supernatural
Shadow out of Time" and At the (continued on page 14)
2 "

Hallowmas 1987 / 9

Innsmouth Spawn
By Randall Larson

One of H. P. Lovecraft's stories concepts. The majority of the ex-

which has spawned considerable imi- pansion upon these concepts were
tation among "Cthulhu Mythos" ef- made by other authors.
forts is "The Shadow over Inns- August Derleth first included the
mouth." This tale was a weird- Innsmouth concepts in his story
horror fantasy in HPL's best style, "Beyond the Threshold," published
every aspect working together to in 1941. This tale primarily rein-
create an atmosphere of weirdness forces Derleth's earlier "The Thing
in the fictional New England sea- That Walked On The Wind" by de-
port village. veloping the Ithaqua creature, al-
"The Shadow over Innsmouth" though in the first section of the
introduces the New England seaport story the characters discuss Love-
of Innsmouth and the Deep Ones craft's story "The Shadow over
who have captured the imagination Innsmouth" and tie in its legendry,
of many fan Mythos writers. It which they believe to be more than
also introduces Dagon and Hydra fiction, into their theories on Itha-
as minor members of the growing qua .

Mythos pantheon of monstrous Derleth next expanded Innsmouth

"gods" worshipped by various concepts in "The Watcher from the
cults; 1 it also mentions shoggoths, Sky," published in 1945. The story
monsters which appear first in At is a sequel to Derleth's tale of the
the Mountains of Madness Vari-
. previous year, "The Trail of Cthu-
ous stories by numerous authors lhu," and it is one of five stories
have expanded upon certain ele- which were later combined to form
ments mentioned here. Dagon and the novel The Trail of Cthulhu .

Hydra have reappeared in several These five stories seem to run the
Mythos stories including tales by gamut of Cthulhuvian places and
Lin Carter and Brian Lumley, but creatures, and "The Watcher from
they have not been dealt with as the Sky" is the one that features
extensively as other elements of the Innsmouth elements. Basically
this tale. The more predominant it involves an undercover infiltra-
elements of "The Shadow over Inns- tion by Dr. Laban Shrewsbury and
mouth," the Deep Ones and their his assistant Keane into Innsmouth,
sunken city of Y'ha-nthlei, and the which seems virtually unchanged
town and people of Innsmouth it- from Lovecraft's original story,
self, were those that inspired per- despite the bombing by federal
haps more Mythos stories than any agents. This story mentions the
other of Lovecraft's individual My- R'lyeh Text a Derleth invention

thos elements, and it is these ele- also occurring in "The Return of

ments and their development that Hastur .

we will discuss. "The Watcher from the Sky"

Lovecraft only utilized Inns- describes more of the history of
mouth-related characters in two of the Dagon cult and retells the leg-
his stories following the original ends that surround the town of
tale. The two
major families of Innsmouth. Derleth gives a vivid
Innsmouth, the Gilmans and the description of Ahab Marsh's batra-
Waites, figure as major characters chian form and begins to develop
in, respectively, "The Dreams in the characters of the Deep Ones as
the Witch-House" and "The Thing inhuman servitors of Cthulhu who
on the Doorstep," although little dwell in the sea near Innsmouth.
more than the characters' names Derleth mentioned Innsmouth in
link the stories with Innsmouth several stories to follow, but did
" .

10 / Crypt of Cthulhu

not expand or develop the concepts mouth .

further. His usage primarily served In "The Shuttered Room" (1959),

to reinforce the Innsmouth concepts written on the basis of a page of
through repetition of locale and HPL's notes,
jottedDerleth de-
theme. In "Something In Wood" scribes spawn of a union be-
(1948), the protagonist goes to tween couplea who had been
Innsmouth to throw a peculiar tainted with the blood of the Deep
wooden carving into the sea, in Ones: something similar to the
accordance with the wishes of its spawn of Lavinia Whateley and Yog-
deceased owner, only to look close- Sothoth in "The Dunwich Horror."
ly at the Cthulhoid carving and see The story develops further the
now the figure of its former owner mating that took place between hu-
embellished on the wood, gripped mans and Deep Ones, as well as
by the monstrous figure of Cthu- some of the horrors that were
lhu. "The Black Island" 1952) is ( spawned from these unions.
narrated by the grandson of Inns- Another Derleth "posthumous
mouth's Asaph Waite, while "The collaboration," "The Fisherman of
House in the Valley" (1953) men- Falcon Point" (1959), tells of Enoch
tions the Marsh family, as well as Conger, a fisherman of the Inns-
utilizing the character of Seth mouth area who, casting his nets
Bishop (from Lovecraft's "The Dun- off Devil Reef, catches a strange,
wich Horror") who, through his mermaidlike creature. Eventually
diary, relates his views on the he himself becomes a Deep One,
bombing of Devil Reef and the de- implying that one can become a
struction of Innsmouth and directly Deep One without being descended
ties in Seth Bishop's Dunwich-area from that race on either parent's
activities with those of the Deep side. This is a new wrinkle in the
Ones at Innsmouth. growing Innsmouth mythos.
But in 1957, with the publication The next story to deal in detail
of "The Seal of R'lyeh," Derleth with the Innsmouth concepts was
expands and reworks the Inns- published in 1969, James Wade's
mouth themes, and goes into "The Deep Ones." It tells the story
greater detail about the Deep Ones. of Dorn, an expert telepathist, who
The story rehashes the familiar is hired by Dr. Frederick Wilhelm
theme of "The Shadow over Inns- to help in research regarding com-
mouth" in that the protagonist munication with dolphins. Wilhelm
stumbles upon weird legends and and his lovely assistant Josephine
contemporary goings on, is drawn Gilman try in vain for weeks to
into them, and discovers that he is communicate with the dolphins and
one of the half-human, half-Deep get nowhere. Of course Gilman is
Ones and goes on to seek sleeping a Deep One just waiting to undergo
Cthulhu and aid in restoring him to "the change." Then she discovers
supremacy. More importantly, this that dolphins are really ancient and
tale expands the story of the Marsh evil allies of the Deep Ones.
family's involvement with the Deep "The Deep Ones," perhaps more
Ones, extending the blasphemous than any other story up to this
trafficking between species back time, develops the concepts of those
thirty years to Obadiah Marsh, the undersea creatures. Wade effec-
hitherto unknown father of Obed tively combines modern scientific
Marsh, whom Lovecraft had credited research on dolphin communication
with introducing the Deep Ones with the Lovecraftian themes of the
into Innsmouth. 3 Derleth also de- Mythos, and by utilizing the dol-
scribes one of the Deep Ones: "the phins as minions of the Deep Ones,
frog-like caricature of a human be- he suggests that perhaps other
ing, that swam with greatly exag- familiar sea creatures, as well, may
gerrated movements so similar to be involved in the servitude of
those of a frog, and watched us Cthulhu
with bulging eyes and batrachian The last August Derleth story to
. .

Hallowmas 1987 / 11

deal with these concepts was "Inns- stories and molding those ideas
mouth Clay" (1971). This story, with some interesting concepts of
surely the lowest point in the whole Leiber's own. The story is about
of what we might call Derleth's a poet whose fantastic poems echo
"Sunk Prairie Saga," shamelessly dim, ancestral memories and who
paraphrases Lovecraft's original discovers that he has inherited a
story, right down to the revealing strange power of astral travel
chat with the garulous town drunk. through dreaming. The story men-
The only original idea present is a tions Lovecraft himself as a writer
pretty silly one: clay from Devil of half-fictions, and utilizes in
Reef, made into a "Sea Goddess" brief detail the "Shadow over Inns-
statue, comes to life as a sexy Deep mouth" story in particular.
One, who then sleeps with the The majority of the stories which
sculptor. Sex with his creation utilized the Innsmouth-related con-
turns him, too, into a Deep One. cepts have been styled after Love-
(Presumably this is how the fisher- craft's original "Shadow over Inns - 1

man at Falcon Point made the in- mouth" the protagonist stumbles
terspecies jump as well.) upon strange occurrences, dim
The same year as "Innsmouth ancestral memories awaken and he
Clay," Brian Lumley's "Rising With discovers he is one of the Cthulhoid
Surtsey" was published. This tale, minions, usually through inbreeding
while not directly expanding any of of his ancestors, and the story
these concepts, does mention the concludes with his going off to
Deep Ones as being responsible in join his fellow creatures in their
part for a body-exchange between perpetration of Cthulhu and the
one of the protagonists and a mon- Old Ones.
strous creature who dwells in an August Derleth's Mythos stories
undersea city called Gell-Ho. have served to organize and struc-
Lumley worked with the Inns- ture the Mythos concepts that were
mouth-originated themes to much left with loose ends in Lovecraft's
greater extent in "Haggopian," work; but in so doing Derleth
published in 1973. Here it develops added a number of his own concepts
that there are yet more ways of (notably that of the war between
joining the ranks of the hydro - the Old Ones and the Elder Gods,
phinnae Haggopian is attacked by
. thus correlating the Mythos with
a vampire-like hagfish and seems a perennial theme of Good against
to catch Deep-Oneism like a con- Evil) which have recently been the
tagion. This story is both inge- cause of much dispute over whether
nious as to premise and eerily well or not his ideas have been that
told. Lumley also suggests that worthwhile; though by now it's far
there are various sub-species of too late to change them. They are
Deep Ones. In subsequent tales firmly embedded in what the Mythos
Lumley has further elaborated his has become. In regard to these
Deep One lore, especially in his Innsmouth stories, Derleth's contri-
serialized novel The Return of the butions do more to reinforce the
Deep Ones . previous ideas presented in "The
Lumley again mentioned the Deep Shadow over Innsmouth," depicting
Ones in his novel. Beneath the various plans and goals of the Deep
Moors, which expands upon Lum- Ones and their servitors, such as
ley's own themes first introduced their search for Cthulhu's sunken
in his story "The Sister City," and city in "The Seal of R'lyeh." He
tellsof an existing city beneath the has also expanded the complexity
Yorkshire Moors inhabited by Deep of the various Innsmouth families
Ones and their dealings with the Deep
Fritz Leiber's first Mythos story, Ones
"The Terror from the Depths" A number of amateur Cthulhu
(1976), is a most original Mythos Mythos stories are worthy of note,
tale, drawing from many previous although the resources of my own

12 / Crypt of Cthulhu

personal collection will at this time "The Hammerhead Horror," which is

limit the thoroughness of this por- very much influenced by the movie
tion of the discussion. Jaws as well as "The Shadow over
Franklyn Searight's "The Inns- Innsmouth." Nicoll's "The Night
mouth Head," published in The the Dolphin Went Down" (published
Dark Messenger Reader #1 (1975), along with the "Hammerhead" piece
describes the catching of a Deep in special booklet called From the
One described as a human-like Deep And Beyond ) also reinforces
creature with webbed fingers and the Raandeese business. In these
toes and a froglike face. The crea- stories, Nicoll takes off on a theme
ture is killed when it attacks them similar to what James Wade and
after being hooked on their line; Brian Lumley did when they intro-
one of the fishermen recognizes it duced common sea creatures as min-
as a Deep One; the other, named ions of the Deep Ones.
Trumbell, saves its head and has In "Spawn of the Y'lagh," pub-
it stuffed to include in his collec- lished in Apa-5 (1975) and, in a
tion of weird and obscure items. revised form, in the E*Q*D (1978) 1*

But once the head is placed on his I created a race of amorphous,

mantel, it begins having a strange jelly-like and tentacled sea crea-
effect over Trumbell causing tures with semi-human faces, called
dreams which aren't dreams but the Y'lagh, which are also minions
actually an astral transference of of the Deep Ones in the ongoing
his body, sending him to undersea attempts to free Cthulhu. The
R'lyeh where he is compelled to Y'lagh have mated with humans and
remove the Elder Sign which im- have spawned hybrid servants,
prisons Great Cthulhu. The other similar to the doings of the Deep
fisherman happens by and wakes Ones in the original "Innsmouth"
him; upon learning what is happen- story. The tale is set on the Pa-
ing to his friend, the second fish- cific coast of California, and also
erman burns the head and releases adds seals to the ever-increasing
Trumbell from its evil influence. list of sea animals serving the Deep
This story utilizes one of the Ones
Deep Ones and shows how even "Innsmouth Love" by Loay Hall
after death, the Cthulhoid minion and Terry Dale, published in Apa-5
is able to influence humans to do in 1975, describes a romance be-
its bidding: the servitors of Cthu- tween the protagonist and Marie
lhu are unable to remove the sign Marsh, a young woman of Inns-
that imprisons him, but humans are mouth. Following a brief affair,
not affected by its enchantment and Marie becomes reclusive and will
can perform the task. The story not see the exasperated protagonist.
contradicts Derleth's "Seal of At last he manages to get to her,
R'lyeh," however, which indicates and learns to his horror that in
that a different sort of seal one of only seven days she has given
an octopoid design is situated over birth to the result of their hasty
the spot where Cthulhu rests. union a fish-like humanoid infant.
Gregory E. Nicoll's "From the Lew Cabos, in "Dr. Dexter"
Deep" (in Equino x #3, 1976), great- (forthcoming Threshold of Fan -
ly expands upon the concepts of tasy ) combines Mythos fantasy with

the Deep Ones. Nicoll creates his the James Bondian spy genre, and
own race of shark-like beings called features international espionage
the Raandeese, which are servitors agent John Blake tracking the in-
of the Deep Ones via their own sidious criminal Dr. Dexter, who
god, Raandaii-B'nk (presumably the plans to release Cthulhu from his
garbled name of some pal of watery grave. Among the locales
Nicoll's). These minions create used in this international adventure
celestial doorways to far-off Yug- is the infamous seaport of Inns-
goth. Nicoll expands his own con- mouth, and much of the climactic
cepts in a follow-up story entitled action takes place within the Dagon
14 / Crypt of Cthulhu

Hall and on the waters of Devil LOVECRAFT AND BLACKWOOD

Reef. The story really doesn't (continued from page 8)
expand upon the Deep Ones con-
cepts as other stories have, but Horror in Literature" are taken
Cabos' tongue-in-cheek treatment from the text as printed in the
of them in his spy satire is note- Panther Books paperback edition
worthy. of Daqon and Other Macabre Tales
In a similar vein, C. J. Hender- (St. Albans, 1969).
son's "You Can't Take It With You"
(forthcoming in Eldritch Tales ) is a 2. My thanks to Mr. Allen McEI-
hardboiled detective story pitting
fresh and to Mr. Edward Wagen-
private eye Jack Hagee against a knecht for kindly supplying me
with copies of the correspondence
Deep One conspiracy in New York
City. Henderson's tale is not a from Algernon Blackwood. My
thanks also to Dr. Josephine L.
spoof, but does cross genres in an
interesting way.
Harper and Mr. Mark A. Beatty
of the State Society of
Henry J. Vester's "Innsmouth
Wisconsin for providing
copies of
Gold" ( Chronicles of the Cthulhu
Codex #2) is the most recent ex- Blackwood's correspondence with
August Derleth.
pansion of the Innsmouth epic, but
Crypt of Cthulhu readers are much 3. My thanks to Will Murray for
too familiar with this tale and the providing details of the Blackwood
controversy surrounding it to need references in S. T. Joshi's Index
it rehearsed here. 5 It is safe to to the Selected Letters.
say that Innsmounth and its spawn
will carry on even if some critics
might prefer, like the federal
agents in 1928, to put an end to
the whole business once and for
NOTES (continued from page 23)

lit should be noted that Love- itself and would remain in the fic-
craft may not have intended Inns- tion of Kuttner for the rest of his
mouth's Dagon as a separate deity, career.
but rather as a biblically-veiled "The Hunt" is the most terrify-
reference to Cthulhu, though cer- ing ofKuttner's Mythos stories, to
tainly most readers have not read be sure, and rightfully so: Kutt-
it this way. See Robert M. Price's ner was no longer trying to be
"The Real Father Dagon" in Crypt Lovecraft. He simply was Kuttner.
of Cthulhu #9 and "Mythos Names Kuttner left Cthulhu Mythos
and How to Say Them" in Dagon writing, fearing some loss of origi-
#15. nality. But whether he was con-
2See Will Murray, "The Trouble sciously attempting to distance him-
with Shoggoths" in Crypt of Cthu - self from Lovecraft in the writing
lhu #18. of this tale is not shown. He did
^See Tani Jantsang, "Obed and mention certain never-expanded-
Obadiah Marsh" in Crypt of Cthu - upon tomes and relics relating to
lhu #18. the Cthulhu Mythos, his own in-
4eMT*C> = Esoteric Order of ventions, but whether he ever in-
Dagon Amateur Press Association tended to continue his Mythos ex-
mailing periments, utilizing these fictional
Stefan Dziemianowicz "New
5 See , "tools" as a basis, we cannot say.
Tales of the Marvellous and the What can be said, however, is that
Ridiculous" in Crypt of Cthulhu Kuttner definitely did not. His
#40, and various reader discussion Cthulhu Mythos work was at an
in subsequent issues. end
Hallowmas 1987 / 15

Did Lovecraft Revise


By Will Murray

H. P. produced such
Lovecraft ner," Weird Tales published another
a limited corpus of work during his Wilfred Blanch Talman story. It

short life that any newly discovered appeared in the February 1928 is-
piece of fiction that can be traced sue. Its title? "The Curse of
back to his cramped
pen is greeted Alabad and Ghinu and Aratza."
with by legions of his
enthusiasm It's an interesting little story.
hungry Sadly, few such
fans. Set in old New York, at the
pieces surface these days, and time known as New Amsterdam and
those that do, such as the recently colonized by the Dutch, "The Curse
unearthed "The Tree on the Hill," of Alabad and Ghinu and Aratza" is
written by Duane Rimel but touched a story of the old woman, Hes
up by Lovecraft, are an event of Brummel, originally from The Neth-
sorts. erlands, who lives with her half-
Back in Crypt of Cthulhu #11, I wit son, Hendrick, and her talking
wrote an article entitled "Did Love- parrot. Because she possesses the
craft Revise Doom Around the ability to cure children, and be-
Corner? " suggesting that HPL may
cause back in her homeland, her
have had a revisionary hand in that mother once called down the curse
story, which was originally pub- of Alabad and Ghinu and Aratza on
lished in Weird Tales for November a child and the child later drowned
1931. My primary reason for pounc- in a canal, Hes Brummel is believed
ing on this story was that it car- to be the daughter of a witch, and
ried the byline of Lovecraft's cor- by association, a witch herself.
respondent and revision client, The townsfolk become convinced
Wilfred Blanch Talman, whose Au- of this when, in taking a potion to
gust 1927 Weird Tales story, "Two cure a sick child, that child dies
Black Bottles," is known to have the very moment the mother opens
been revised by Lovecraft. It is the door for Hes Brummel.
one of the many such collaborations The townsfolk descend upon Hes
reprinted in the Arkham House col- Brummel's home just after she has
lection, The Horror in the Museum nearly strangled the talking parrot
and Other Revisions Unfortunate-
. because he was rifling through her
ly, like so many of them. Love- herbs and roots. Her demented
craft's revisions are akin to a son is upset by the bird's mis-
photo studio airbrushing blemishes treatment. The parrot screeches
from a yearbook portrait. "The Curse of Alabad and Ghinu
My feeling on "Doom Around the and Aratza be upon thee!" over and
Corner" was that it may have been over. And Hes Brummel is dragged
revised by Lovecraft but only to a off to be tested for witch traits.
minor degree. And because it con- First, they're going to throw her
tained no Mythos elements, or any in a pond. This is the old time-
shred of Lovecraftian concepts, and tested trial for a witch. As one
therefore does not illuminate the quaint sort describes it, "If she
larger body of Lovecraft's true floats she's a witch, and we'll take
work, it is not of great conse- care of her afterward, but if she
quence even if HPL did take pen to sinks she's all right and we won't
Talman's manuscript. bother any more about it."
But in between "Two Black Bot- But Squire Yaupy De Vries has
tles" and "Doom Around the Cor- a better idea. They lay a huge
16 / Crypt of Cthulhu

Bible on one pan of the mill's great lay claim to, he is supposed to have
flour scales. They force Hes Brum- only revised the dialogue in "Two
mel to sit on the other pan, ex- Black Bottles." Although having
plaining that if the old woman out- the same setting as "The Curse of
weighs the word of Cod, then she Alabad and Ghinu and Aratza," the
cannot be a witch. Their reason- earlier story is set among the mod-
ing may sound a bit suspect, but ern Dutch of New York State. But
Hes Brummel has no complaints. the dialogue Lovecraft beefed up
When she sits on the scale, the was a distinctly rustic type, and
Bible in the other pan shoots up- akin to the nasal New England tones
ward . he reproduced so effectively in
The townspeople are unhappy, "The Dunwich Horror" and similar
but they set the rules. So they let stories. "Take keer that old devil,
Hes Brummel go, but not before she Foster, don't git ye!" is a sample
calls down the curse of Alabad and of the kind of line HPL reworked
Ghinu and Aratza upon them all. in this story.
This gives more than a few of There is also quite a bit of dia-
them pause. lect in "The Curse of Alabad and
Days go by, and another child, Ghinu and Aratza," but of a dis-
while playing near the grist-mill, tinctly different nature. "Ah,
falls under the pounding hammer Hendrick, mijn moeder you are

and is crushed beyond recognition. come to supper!" is a fair sampling

Hes Brummel, who hasn't been seen of the dialect that peppers this
for days, is immediately blamed. story
But when the enraged townsfolk Lovecraft was, of course, con-
storm her little hut, they find no versant with dialect of all kinds
smoke issuing from her chimney, that were used in early America.
and no light in her windows. Forc- His 1925 story, "He," contains bits
ing the door, they find but let of what appear to be a Colonial New
Wilfred Blanch Talman tell it: York dialect, but they don't resem-
ble that found in "The Curse of
As their eyes became ac-
Alabad and Ghinu and Aratza."
customed to the dimly lighted
This in itself is not significant.
interior they saw huddled in
Nor are the mysterious names,
the ashes of the fireplace, in
Alabad, Ghinu and Aratza, which
a pool of blood, the recumbent
are never translated or explained.
figure of Hes Brummel with the
Thus, the question remains: did
parrot perched jauntily on her
H. P. Lovecraft revise "The Curse
head. An open red wound from
of Alabad and Ghinu and Aratza"?
ear to ear showed where her
After reading through the story
throat had been cut. On the
twice and making careful compari-
opposite side of the room,
sons between it and other Love-
crouched in a corner, Hendrick
craft stories, as well as other Wil-
laughed softly and insanely,
fred Blanch Talman stories, my
caressing a gleaming knife.
guess is no, H. P. Lovecraft did
"The curse of Alabad and
not revise "The Curse of Alabad
Ghinu and Aratza be upon
and Ghinu and Aratza."
thee!" shrieked the parrot
from the mangled body of its
mistress. "The curse of Alabad
and Ghinu "
bird's chattering sank
to muffled
a croaking as it Contact
preened its feathers. Not one Jean-Luc Buard
of the crowd had remained 23 rue du Leon
within earshot. 78310 Maurepas
In the one Wilfred Blanch Tal- Eight issues of Crypt - 200.00 FF
man story that H. P. Lovecraft did
Hallowmas 1987 / 1 7

By Carl T. Ford

Brian Lumley's Mythos fiction at your local library. Anyway,

has introduced many new and in- here is a list of four such books:
teresting additions to the lore left Gantley's Hydrophinna e, Gaston
us by the earlier Mythos cycle Le Fe's Dwellers in the Depths ,

writers. Perhaps the most believ- the German Unter-Zee Kulten and
able and certainly the most inter- the monstrous Cthaat Aquadingen
esting of Lumley's creations is "the by an unknown author. All con-
monstrous" Cthaat Aquadingen . tain tidbits of an almost equally
The first appearance of the tome nauseating nature to the tale which
was in Lumley's "Cement Surround- I must relate in order to excuse
ings," where we discover it amongst myself. "3 From the tale we can
the library shelves of the archaeol- gather that the tome in question
ogist, Sir Amery Wendy-Smith. contains references to mysterious
"On his shelves were at least sea shells and other peculiarities of
nine works which know are so
I the deep, references which allude
outrageous in what they suggest to aspects of a sinister and possi-
that they have been mentioned by bly occult nature.
widely differing authorities over a The following year, 1968, saw
period of many years as being dam- Lumley include several references
nable, blasphemous, abhorrent, un- to the Cthaat Aquadingen in his
speakable, and literary lunacy. stories, beginning with "An Item of
These included the Cthaat Aqua - Supporting Evidence," a further
dingen by an unknown author . . tale involving Titus Crow: "the
Cthaat Aquadinge n with its name-
Despite this small reference, less binding I,4t
But it is in
. . .

the tome failed to make a further the delightful "Billy's Oak" that we
appearance in the tale; our imagi- receive our first real glimpse of
nations are captured and left alone what the tome contains. "Having
in the dark. The Cthaat Aqua - stumbled across various mentions of
dingen surfaces again in Lumley's a certain'black book' the Cthaat
second piece of fiction, written Aquadingen an almost legendary

that same year in a story entitled collectionof spells and incantations

"The Caller of the Black." This purported to relate, among other
time we find a copy of the book things, to the raising of certain
in the possession of the occultist water-elementals was

Titus Crow, a resident of Blowne ably put out to discover that the
House a rambling, secluded bun- British Museumdid not have a
galow whose library holds no short- copy; or, there was a copy at
age of "occult and forbidden the Museum, then for some reason
things "2
. the controllers of that vast estab-
Lumley continues along much the lishment were reluctant to permit
same lines, giving us very little in- its perusal!" 5 The narrator explains
formation on the book. We found it that he is at work compiling a "doc-
amongst the reading material of Maj. umentary" volume on arcane lore
Harry Winslow who advises his entitled Forbidden Books He even- .

friend, the retired Col. George L. tually tracks down a copy of the
Glee: "If, after reading my story, Cthaat Aquadinge n at the home of
you should find your curiosity Titus Crow, where the tome is re-
tickled, there are numerous books vealed to carry a rather sinister
on the subject which you might characteristic. "Then an expres-
want to look up though I doubt sion of extreme loathing crossed his
whether you'll find many of them face and he quickly put the book
18 / Crypt of Cthulhu

down on the table and wiped his told that the tome contains "a short
hands on his dressing-gown. chapter dedicated to 'Contacting
"The, er, binding ."he . . Cthulhu in Dreams'"! However,
muttered. "It's forever sweating "Mercifully the devices re-
which is rather surprising, you'll quired to perform this monstrously
agree, considering its donor has dangerous feat are given only in
been dead for at least four-hundred code in practically impossible cy-
years!" phers and concern themselves in
As well as being informed that some unknown way with Nyarla-
the tome is bound in "sweating" thotep." There then follows a
human skin, we are told that, to lengthy quote from the book,
Crow at least, there are only three which, according to Crow, "makes
copies of the Cthaat Aquadingen in a statement very relevant towards
existence and that "one of the other proving my own beliefs regarding
two is here in London" at the the Elder Cods as scientists." It
British Museum, no less. should be noted that the para-
Crow goes on to explain that he graph, which is a little too lengthy
has "had the two centre chapters to reproduce here, also has Lum-
the more instructive ones taken out ley enforce Derleth's conceptions
and bound separately." These of "the more recent Christian my-
chapters contain "complete sets of thos" parallels. 9
working spells and invocations; it It was not until 1973 that Lum-
contains the Nyhargo Dirge and a ley wrote a further tale which ac-
paragraph on making the Elder tually added to the Cthaat Aqua -
Sjcjn; it contains one of the Sath - dingen lore that we had been given
latta .
and four pages on Tsathog- glimpses of in the past. The tale
guan Rituals." "The Kiss of Bugg-Shash" intro-
Our first real clue linking Cthaat duces us to a tome entitled Feery's
Aquadingen to the minions of Cthu- Notes o n C thaat Aquadingen .10 This
lhu et al comes in the tale "In the new book, obviously invented by
Vaults Beneath. "6 "The scene was Lumley, due to the fact that it
again of an underwater type, de- would seem highly improbable for
picting a submarine fortress of the the protagonists of the tale to own
Old Race under siege by an army one of the three originals. We can
of octopus-like creatures of vast assume then, that Joachim Feery,
dimensions and hideous aspect. author of a similar tome entitled
These latter creatures reminded Notes on the Necronomicon 11 did ,

me of certain beings of primal myth at some time in his life come into
and legend which had read about
I contact with, if not own, a copy of
in earlier years in a copy of Cthaat Aquadingen himself. In
Feery's Notes on the Necronomicon Notes we are told of "ye Drowners
and in the dread Cthaat Aquadin - be it Yibb-Tstll or Bugg-Shash."
gen ..." And the tale also carries another
The following yeai 1969 Lumley quotation from the dreaded tome,
warning us that these "Drowners"
wrote several further tales set in
the Cthulhu Mythos; however, none must not be called upon as they will
of these managed to add anything "seek out by any Means a Victim,
new to the information that we al- being often that same Wizard which
ready had concerning the Cthaat uttered ye Calling." Needless to
A quadinge n . It was left to the end say, the two would-be-sorcerers
of 1970, early 1971 for the next fail to take notice.
glimpse of information.
vital Lum- TheCthaat Aquading en appears
ley's second full length novel The in Lumley's next novel he Transi-
Burrowers Beneat h? reveals that tion of Titus Crow ? written as a

the copy of Cthaat Aquadingen in direct follow-up to The Bur rowers

Titus Crow's collection contains Benea th We are again treated to

"coded sections" alluding to "weird, a number of lengthy quotes, not

etheral chantings."8 We are also really adding much to the lore
Hallowmas 1987 / 19

which we already have. But they and is transll iter]ation of the

do manage to confuse the Mythos Great Old Ones' speech into Eng-
reader by turning several Love- lish for approximation."
craftian Mythos ideas on their heads A sixth copy of the Cthaat
"confusingly, in the Cthaat Aqua - Aquadingen is featured in the tale
dinge n Shub-Niggurath is referred "The Statement of One John Gib-
to as 'Father 6 Mother of all Abomi- son, "20 a tongue-in-cheek look at
nations, 6 of Others worse yet the Mythos, which attempts to har-
which will not be until ye Latter monise several Mythos facts with
Times .'"13 reality. The result was, in my
Our next real clues concerning view, quite an enjoyable tale.
the Cthaat Aquadingen appear in The last printed appearance of
Lumley's Return of the Deep Cthaat appeared in issue 23 of
Ones .The tale introduces us to Crypt of Cthulhu a piece entitled

John Vollister, a conchologist and simply "C thaat Aquadingen ." This
"well-known marine biologist" who piece containsa quote from Henri-
receives, in the post, a remarkable Laurent De Marigny's "photocopy of
sea conch. Fascination leads Vol- Titus Crow's Cthaat Aquadingen "
lister to seek out a copy of the which ends on the lines "And :

rare Cthaat Aquadingen at the home When all the world reels in dark-
of David Semple. This copy of the ness, then shall Cthulhu rise Him
Cthaat Aquadingen is a new addi- up, & Chaos 6 Madness hold do-
tion to the number of copies, which minion over all ." 21
. .

"are known to exist" by Titus At the time of this essay, sev-

Crow, thus making Crow's original eral Mythos tales by Lumley remain
estimate of only three copies 15 quite unpublished, among them "Nitre,"
wrong. This same tale tells us a which went missing after Derleth
little of the title's translation. "The saw it, and "Dagon's Bell," to be
Ct haat Aquadingen a strange title,
: published shortly in Weirdbook .

T wondered what it meant. 'Aqua' Whether they contain references to

must surely be 'water,' and 'dingen' the Cthaat Aquadingen remains to
was German for 'things.' Some- be seen. There is still quite a lot
thing about water-things?" 16 of information that can be provided
The next appearance of Lumley's concerning the dreaded tome.
"Black Book" is in the tale "The Whether or not we will ever dis-
House of the Temple." 1 ? This time cover the identity of the author is
the tome's title undergoes a slight a question which remains to be
revision, with an umlaut being answered. However, let it be said
added to read Cthaat Aquadingen . that when one follows the path of
We are given a little information on the Cthaat Aquadingen in Lumley's
the origins of the title, being in- fiction, there are very few incon-
formed that "Cthaat" probably "had sistencies unlike such tomes that
some connection with the language adorn the works of Lovecraft et al.
or being of the pre-Nacaal Ktha- It is for this reason, together with
tans." 18 The tale goes on to in- the dark shroud of mystery that
form us that "the Cthaat Aqua - surrounds the book, that cannot I

dingen was quite simply a com- help but consider Cthaat Aquadin -
pendium of myths and legends con- gen as my favourite eldritch tome
cerning water sprites, nymphs, de- of the Cthulhu Mythos, in my view
mons, naiads and other supernatu- coming close to the Necronomicon
ral creatures of lakes and oceans, itself in terms of believability
and the spells or conjurations by
which they might be evoked or NOTES
called out of their watery haunts."
This tale contains mention of a '"Cement Surroundings," in
fifth copy of C thaat Aquadinge n. August Derleth (ed.). T ales of the
Lumley himself states that Cthulhu My thos (Arkham House,
"Cthaat" "is of an unknown tongue 1969), pp. 300-320. (Also in The
20 / Crypt of Cthulhu

Burrow ers Bene ath . ) Gibson," in Crypt of Cthulhu #19,

2 "The Caller of the Black (A Candlemas 1984, pp. 35-51.
Narrative Crow)," The
of Titus 2 1 C thaat Aquadingen , i n Crypt
Caller (Arkham House,
of the Black of Cthulhu #23, St. John's Eve
1971), pp. 64-73. (Also in The 1984, p. 5.
Complete Crow . )

3 "The Cyprus Shell," in The OTHER REFERENCES

A rkham Collector, No. 3 Summer .

1968, pp. 58-68. (Also in The Brian Lumley A New Bibliogra -

Horror at Oakdeene . ) phy by
Leigh Blackmore, Dark
^An Item of Supporting Evi- Press, 1984.
dence," in The Arkham Collector, The Horror at Oakdeene S
N o. 7 Summer 1970, pp. 204-210.
, Others by Brian Lumley, Arkham
(Also in The Horror at Oakdeene .) House, 1977.
^"Billy's Oak," in The Arkham "Comments on 'Brian Lumley
Collector, No. 6 Winter 1970, pp. , Reanimator'" by Brian Lumley,
169-175. (Also in The Horror at Crypt of Cthulhu #22, Roodmas
Oakdeene . 1984, pp. 18-21 .

6"ln the Vaults Beneath," in Special thanks also go to Brian

The Caller of the Black (Arkham Lumley for his help and coopera-
House, 1971), pp. 225-235. tion with this essay.
7 The Burrowers Beneath , DAW
Books, 1974.
8 bid 1Chapter II, "Marvels

Strange and Terrific," p. 23.

9 bid Chapter IV, "Cursed
1 .

the Ground," pp. 60-61.

10 "The Kiss of Bugg-Shash" in THE COMING OF EL BORAK
Cthulhu 3: Tales of the Cthulhu
Mythos, 1978, pp. 60-72.
This collection contains five
1 1 "Aunt
Hester," published in
early unpublished fragments
David Sutton (ed.). The Satyr's
featuring Francis Xavier Cor-
Head and Other Tales of Terror
don, "the American whom the
(Corgi Books, 1975), pp. 90-110.
Arabs call El Borak," the cen-
(Also in The Horror at Oakdeene.)
12 The tral character in the Zebra,
Transition of Titus Crow,
Berkley, and Ace Books Three-
DAW Books, 1975. Bladed Doom Son of the White
1 3 ,
bid 1 Chapter IV, "Cthulhu's

Wolf and The Lost Valley of

Cosmic Miscegenation," p. 59. ,

^ Return Iskander .
of the Deep Ones n , i

Fantasy Book , 3 vols., March- One these

of fragments,
September 1984. "Khoda Khan's Tale," is quite
'^See note 5. lengthy. Another, "The Iron
16 Retu rn of the Deep Ones Fan - Terror," is substantial, and

tasy Book
1984. Chapter , March three brief scraps are included
III, "Tide of Terror," p. 41. for completeness' sake.
17 "The House of the Temple," in
November The Coming of El Borak has
Kadath Vol 1, No. 3.
, .

60 pages and sells for $5.00.

1980, pp. 40-55. (Also in Lin
It sports a beautiful Stephen E.
Carter [ed.]. Weird Tales #3 [Ze-
Fabian cover.
bra). )

1 . Chapter V, "The Music," Outside of USA and Canada,
p. 187. (See also Dagon, No. 12, add $1 .00 per booklet for post-
p. 10.) age. Pay in U. S. funds.
'9"An Interview with Brian Lum-
ley," Kadath Vol. 1, No. 3, Nov- ,

ember 1980, p. 36.

20 "The Statement of One John
Hallowmas 1987 / 21

Henry Kuttners Cthulhu My thos Tales

By Shawn Ramsey

Henry Kuttner (1914-1958) is, Soon after he wrote "The Grave-

as Ray Bradbury once called him, yard Rats," between the years 1936
a neglected master. In the domain and 1939 he began to write his con-
of fantasy, science fiction, and the tributions to Lovecraft's Cthulhu
macabre, he has inexplicably gone Mythos in a total of eight stories.
all but critically unrecognized. This Kuttner's evolving style began
neglect is an unbelievable oversight to become more and more visible
on the part of literary scholars with each passing tale in this se-
everywhere when one considers his ries .

myriad remarkable qualifications and The of Kuttner's Mythos

achievements yarns, "The
Secret of Kralitz,"
In his lifetime he was a virtual appeared Weird Tales October,
powerhouse of creative output, 1936. A modest in length,
writing prolifically for as many as the story was simple, but effec-
four markets at one time. He wrote tive. Unfortunately, it left the
novels of fantasy, horror, and reader asking certain questions
mystery (as in his first book, pub- which weren't made clear enough
lished in 1946, entitled The Brass with only one reading and was
Ring ) He had as many as sixteen extremely vague on certain por-
pseudonyms in each of those fields. tions of the story that should have
Kuttner was a member of the had an intricate description. Yet
Lovecraft circle, a correspondent this first Mythos tale was the most
with Lovecraft himself as well as Lovecraftian in mood and style of
with other members of the Love- all Kuttner's contributions.
craft circle. Robert Bloch once Lovecraft, in most of his stories
asked Kuttner to use Michael Leigh, of the Mythos, tended to do them
a character from one of Kuttner's in first person, as did Kuttner in
Cthulhu Mythos stories, in a story this one. This story has the ring
of his own. Kuttner was also a of Lovecraft's earlier endeavors;
friend of Clark Ashton Smith and in fact, it shows an almost uncanny
visited him on several occasions at resemblance in certain ways to
his home in Auburn, California. Lovecraft's "The Festival." Kutt-
Ray Bradbury dedicated his first ner also employed for this story
book. Dark Carnival to Kuttner,
, Lovecraft's moody overuse of adjec-
as one of his hardest-working and tives .

most patient teachers. No matter what else, the yarn

He married C. L. Moore, also a did have an almost dream-like qual-
correspondent with Lovecraft and ity it, something,
to think, Kutt-

author of the classic fantasy adven- ner did deliberately to create a

tures of Jirel of Joiry, one of the tranquil mood in the reader to set
first female swashbucklers, and him up for a more horrifying shock
Northwest Smith. at the "surprise" end of the story.
He was an early contributor to Altogether a good tale, but ad-
Weird Tales and sold his earliest mittedly marginal as concerns the
story, "The Graveyard Rats," to Mythos. Its use of Mythos lore
that publication. Ever since its consists merely in a few allusions
publication in the March 1936 issue to certain creatures in one part of
of "The Unique Magazine," it was it. It is interesting to note that
constantly (unlike most first sto- Kuttner mishandles, or perhaps
ries) reputed to be Kuttner's best. simply reconceives, certain aspects
22 / Crypt of Cthulhu

of the Old Ones (i.e., Yog-Sothoth and most-often-seen, because of its

is elsewhere described as neither appearance in the 1969 Arkham
"leprous" nor "subterranean," and House volume. Tales of the Cthu -
Kuttner referred to him as both). lhu Mythos . It originally appeared
Finally, for the record, this is in the May 1937 issue of Weird
the first place Kuttner mentioned Tales and was the last of Kuttner's
one of the Old Ones of his own in- Mythos yarns to appear in that
vention: lod. magazine. One amusing error crept
Kuttner's next story was entitled into the Arkham House version; a
"The Eater of Souls" and reads "worm-eaten image" became a
much like a tale of Smith's "worm-eating image," whatever
"Xiccarph," for it also took place that might be
on an alien world. According to This tale was noteworthy for
Kuttner, Bel Yarnak was ". . . many reasons. For one, it is the
beyond Betelgeuse, beyond the most Lovecraftian in content (not
giant suns ..." One of Kuttner's style, as in "The Secret of Kral-
best, and in my opinion, weirdest itz") because it quotes from the
fantasies, it appeared in Weird Necronomicon for the first and only
Tales for January of 1937. time, and because it takes place in
This yarn would probably be one of Lovecraft's New England
classified as straight fantasy, if not settings
for the use of the name of the In this story, three characters
Old One Vorvadoss, also invented were introduced by Kuttner, two
by Kuttner. It is notable the syl- of which would have direct or in-
lables ". k'yarnak" were later
. . direct connections with Robert
incorporated into the Vach-Viraj Bloch. Those two were the in-
chant in "The Salem Horror." famous witch Abigail Prinn and
As in ail Kuttner's Mythos sto- Michael Leigh, the occult detective.
ries (if not all of Kuttner's tales Abigail's name was clearly inspired
period) we find excellent imagery by Bloch's Flemish sorcerer Ludvig
and an even better choice of de- Prinn, author of De Vermis Mys -
scriptive words. "The Eater of teriis (which figures in Kuttner's
Souls" has, unlike Lovecraft's fan- "The Invaders"). Could Kuttner
tasies, a liquid, fluent, gorgeously- have pictured her as old Ludvig's
worded style that refrains in its descendant? Leigh was borrowed
entirety from being in any way by Bloch in a later story, "The
Dunsanian. Like the fantasy of Black Kiss," which appeared one
Clark Ashton Smith, it has a great month after "The Salem Horror," in
sense of irony and poetic dexterity the June 1937 issue of Weird Tales .

of vocabulary. It rings as vivid The use of Michael Leigh led to

as some of Smith's best and in its Bloch sharing the byline with Kutt-
way gives a feeling, on the whole, ner .

of cosmic horror and fantastic vis- One oddity in "The Salem Hor-
tas beyond man's vision. ror" deserves note: at one point
Again, for posterity's sake, HK Kuttner claims that Abbie Prinn
makes allusions to one whose true died "mysteriously" in 1692, while
name he does not give, but calls in another portion of the story
the "Black Shining One," which at he says that Prinn was buried on
least recalls the similar epithet of December 4, 1690. Are we to un-
the "Black Silent One," Zuchequan, derstand that Prinn was buried,
in another Mythos tale "Bells of and two years later died mysteri-
Horror .
ously? That would indeed be a
Kuttner's next tale is the last mysterious death.
in chronological order in this in- Kuttner seems in this story to
complete overview, "The Salem have lost the Lovecraftian mood of
Horror." This is the most famed cosmic horror, whether intentional-
Cthulhu Mythos story of Henry ly or not, yet he did adopt Love-
certainly the most popular craft's realism of setting. Kuttner,
Hallowmas 1987 / 23

it seems, did do his homework. In setting and not have to change one
"The Salem Horror," he mentions at word. Unlike Lovecraft, instead of
least three Salem locales which ac- making the tale reek of something
tually exist (I was in Salem in 1986 horribly ancient, Kuttner created a
and took pictures at many of the blend of old and new, and made it
places.) For one, Derby Street, seem horrifyingly real. Kuttner
where Prinn's house was supposedly suggests in one place, for instance,
located, exists. Another, the Char- that by this time, the media would
ter Street Burying Ground, exists, hush up any incident of Cthulhuoid
and does, in fact, contain witch horror; one character's place of
graves. However, Kuttner claims employment, a newspaper, cuts out
that Prinn was buried there directly any part of any article mentioning
after her death when, in ac-
. . . De Vermis Mysteriis Kuttner also

tuality, accused and slain witches realizes that people in the present
were never given a proper grave- day would not have to go through
yard burial, but rather dumped in complicated steps to secure rare
some rural pit or another. and esoteric books (like the piece-
Kuttner. also for the first time, meal, hand-copied Necronomicon
relied strongly on dialogue, a dis- bastardized from many sources in
tinct advance from his Lovecraftian The Lurker at the Threshold ) but
prototypes. rather, simply make a photostatic
Also, in this story, for the first copy
(and last) time, another Old One "The Hunt" appeared in Strange
appears, Nyogtha. It is of interest Stories June 1939.
for The story
to Cthulhu Mythos scholars to note has weak parts and towards the
that Kuttner cites the Necronomicon beginning seems more like a pulp
to the effect that Nyogtha is called murder-mystery, and is often
"the Dweller in Darkness," while phrased like one.. Even the first
Derleth, seven years later, appro- line makes one think of anything
priated the epithet for Nyarlathotep but a tale of Cthulhuoid horror:
in the story of that title. "Alvin Doyle came with a flat,
. . .

"The Invaders" is a good, snub-nosed automatic in his pocket

though times
at predictable tale and murder in his heart." (An-
(not necessarily standard Kuttner, other Kuttner horror tale, "Compli-
but pretty typical of that era of ments of the Author," employs the
fiction). It appeared in the Febru- same mixture of horror and crime
ary 1939 issue of Strange Stories . elements. )

Through the duration of the yarn, In actuality, on first reading,

it remains original and interesting, one almost expects to read a bland
and is, in parts, terrifying. It Weird Menace story, where all mys-
produces a kind of hunted, para- teries will be unraveled at the end.
noid fear that creeps up and grabs Such is not the case. Suddenly the
both the reader and the characters. reader is dragged, with the main
And we once again feel at least a character, into a whirlpool of hor-
hint of cosmic horror. ror .

The characters were probably Unfortunately, in this tale, there

Kuttner's worst problem. They is little or no suspension of disbe-
speak like uninspired actors in a lief. But then, there is little room
low-budget movie of the forties, for it, given the type of narration
saying and doing just what one Kuttner utilized. Also absent is
expects them to. Both dialogue any real feeling of cosmic horror,
and narration are melodramatic. although in places it seems latent.
This was perhaps inevitable when This story was obviously influ-
one considers the market he was enced and infiltrated by Lovecraft's
trying to sell to. ideas, but Kuttner had become
Yet at the same time the story undeniably himself. The heavy-
can seem almost contemporary. You suspense style had finally shown
could put this yarn into an eighties (continued on page 14)
24 / Crypt of Cthulhu

the True History of the Tcho Tcho People

By Robert M. Price and Tani Jantsang

For many readers the occasional "monster of evil. In a song re-

references to the Tcho-Tcho people counting the same scene later in
encountered in Cthulhu Mythos fic- the same work, Milarepa recalls his
tion do not really register. Aren't aunt's cursing him for the act of
these hard-to-pronounce people just vengeance: "With cries of 'Cho!
one more of the so-called "servitor- Cho!' thou didst set thy dogs upon
races" of the Old Ones? So what? me."^ A cognate form in the Mon-
This response is understandable, golian language is chotqor .

even justified, since most mentions It would seem, then, that the
of the Tcho-Tchos are nothing more fictional Tcho-Tcho people, minions
than catalogued trivia. But a few of the Great Old Ones, are aptly
are not; a few actually give us a christened: "destroyer people" or
bit of information on the Tcho- "sorcerer people."
Tchos and in the process shed a So much for the name. Who
bit light on the development of
of created the group? Many readers
at least a small section of the Cthu- assume FI. P. Lovecraft created
lhu Mythos. We would like to ex- them. He certainly mentions them.
plore these references and set forth And we know HPL had a fondness
the true history of the Tcho-Tcho for "Tatar or Thibetan folklore" as
people. a source for weird names. Recall
First, some information not pro- the Mi-Go, or abominable snowmen
vided in any of the stories. Are of the Himalayas. The Bhutanese
the Tcho-Tchos wholly fictitious? name for these creatures actually
As a people, yes: in the first is "Migu"; HPL admitted to one
story to mention them, we are told correspondent that the Mi-Go were
the whole group was artificially not an invention of his (SL V.356).
produced to serve the Old Ones, And in "The Last Test," HPL re-
and it is unlikely the author would fers to "Bonpa priests," or the
attribute such an origin to any real priests of the native, pre-Buddhist
ethnic group (though Lovecraft did religion of Tibet. 4
not hesitate to demote the human But in fact the Tcho-Tchos are
race as a whole to such a status!). the literary children of August
But the name itself is probably Derleth. They star in Derleth's
not a fiction. "Tcho-Tcho" seems very first Cthulhu Mythos tale,
to be one of the possible transliter- written with Mark Schorer, "Lair
ations of a Tatar/Tibetan word of the Star-Spawn," written in the
meaning something like "fire-sor- summer of 1931. The Tcho-Tchos
cerer," "black magician" or "de- serve Lloigor and Zhar, two ancient
stroyer." The word is still in monsters belonging to what Derleth
use in the Tatar community, and would later call the Great Old Ones.
it appears in the 12th century hagi- When the Elder Gods drove Lloigor
ography of Milarepa, a saint and and Zhar far under the surface of
mystic Vajrayana
of Buddhism. the earth, the "twin obscenities"
Milarepa is said to have undergone left "seeds" from which "sprung
an early period of occult studies the Tcho-Tcho people, the spawn
during which he took revenge on a of elder evil." The malevolent
village of his countrymen, destroy- tribe live in the ancient city of
ing their harvest by conjuring a Alaozar atop the Plateau of Sung in
hailstorm. The townspeople call Burma. The city lies on an island
him a "Tcho," which W. Y. Evans- in the midst of the Lake of Dread,
Wentz translates "destroyer" and 1
under which hibernate Lloigor and
Lobsang P. Lhalungpa renders Zhar in deep dry caverns. The
Hallowmas 1987 / 25

efforts of the Tcho-Tchos, under having read and used Derleth's

the leadership of E-poh, their 7,000 seminal Cthulhu Mythos story are
year old shaman, are unswervingly suggestive of important things;
dedicated to freeing their awful since "Lair of the Star-Spawn"
gods. The Tcho-Tchos are all four plainly sets forth the "Elder Gods
feet or less in height but are sur- vs. Cthulhu and Company" schema,
prisingly powerful. Their "singu- and HPL salutes the story, are
larly small eyes" are "set deep in we to imagine that Lovecraft toler-
dome-like, hairless heads." 5 At ated or even blessed Derleth's ver-
the story's end, the Elder Cods sion of the Mythos? 12
have destroyed the city along with "The Horror in the Museum" is
Lloigor and Zhar and their flun- the first of three mentions by HPL
kies, the Tcho-Tchos. of Derleth's Tcho-Tcho people. In
Derleth resurrected them all for all three, Lovecraft is simply salut-
another story the next year, "The ing a fellow-writer's creation. This
Thing That Walked on the Wind" is evident because in the same con-
(1932), the story that introduces text, in all three instances, HPL
Derleth's Wendigo character Itha- refers to various other friends'
qua. Here one character refers in items of pseudo-mythical lore. In
passing to "the forbidden and ac- "The Horror in the Museum," Rog-
cursed designs of the Tcho-Tcho ers also has as trophies Clark Ash-
people of Burma" and later to "the ton Smith's Tsathoggua, Frank
shunned and forbidden Plateau of Belknap Long's Chaugnar Faugn,
Leng, where the Ancient Ones once "and other rumored blasphemies
ruled." 5 This is noteworthy, since from forbidden books like the Nec -
Lovecraft's Leng is obviously the ronomicon , (Smith's] the Book of
prototype for Derleth's Sung. 2 Eibon , or [Robert E. Howard's] the
Derleth told Lin Carter that Unaussprechlichen Kulte n " 5 .

he could not recall Lovecraft's re- The second mention of the Tcho-
action to "Lair of the Star- Tchos by HPL is in "The Shadow
Spawn," 8 but it is clear HPL read out of Time" written between No-
the tale, as he refers to it in his vember 1939 and March 1935. Peas-
"The Horror in the Museum," lee recalls the captive intelligences
ghost-written for Hazel Heald in he met on his trip into the past.
October 1932, only two months after There was "one from the reptile
the Weird Tales appearance of "Lair people of fabled Valusia; three
of the Star-Spawn." In Lovecraft's from the furry prehuman Hyper-
story, the mad curator George borean worshippers of Tsathoggua;
Rogers boasts of travelling to "that one from the wholly abominable
ruined city in Indo-China where the Tcho-Tchos." 11 These three races

Tcho-Tchos lived," 9 obviously a are the spawn of Howard, Smith,

reference to the final destruction and Derleth respectively.
of Alaozar in Derleth's tale: "The The third reference is not in a
age-old masonry of Alaozar was story but in a letter, yet the pat-
crumbling into ruin." 10 Rogers tern holds consistent. Robert Bloch
claims to have retrieved a living had written Lovecraft asking his
monster and placed it in suspended permission to kill a character close-
animation: "the oblong swimmer in ly modeled on the Providence rec-
darkness" which he found "writhing luse in his story "The Shambler
in the underground pools." 11 This from the Stars." Lovecraft wrote
description fits no entity in Der- back on April 30, 1935 (just after
leth's story very closely, but one finishing "The Shadow out of
must suspect HPL is referring to Time"), not only granting the de-
Lloigor or Zhar, tentacled monsters sired permission, but actually sup-
(who, however, dwelt in subtera- plying an elaborate death warrant
nean caves below a lake, not ^n signed by Abdul Alhazred, Gas-
subterranean lakes). pard du Nord (translator of the
The implications of Lovecraft's Book of Eibon), Fredrich Wilhelm
26 / Crypt of Cthulhu

Von Junzt, and the "Tcho-Tcho Horn," in which the narrator, an

Lama of Leng." 111 The second and aging friend of HPL, discovers that
third are the creations of Smith the Tcho-Tchos actually exist. They
and Howard. are masters of a demon called the
So Lovecraft is again generously Sho Goron, with which they pursue
bringing in all the gang. Only the narrator who has learnt too
here we have a significant develop- much to survive. The Tcho-Tchos
ment. Lovecraft has actually iden- are just as malevolent as Derleth
tified the Burmese Tcho-Tchos with conceived them. Klein's narrator
his own Tibetan Plateau dwellers of muses, "For some reason associ- I

Leng. For the moment at least, ated them with Burma ," 17 but
. . .

the misshapen denizens of Leng are they turn out "actually" to live in
Derleth's Tcho-Tchos, including the Malaysia. Why does Klein place the
ominous high priest whose inhuman Tcho-Tchos there in explicit con-
features are ever veiled in yellow trast to Derleth? There is no great
silk mystery. "I used Malaysia as the
This figure, inspired no doubt setting for 'Black Man' and as a
by Robert W. Chambers' mysterious home-base for the Tcho-Tchos sim-
"King in Yellow" (the priest is ac- ply because the place seemed to
tually called "King" in Dream- offer the most possibilities for my
Quest appears first in "CelephSis"
) , story." 18 After all, Lovecraft and
(1920), then in The Dream-Quest of Derleth himself had already moved
Unknown Kadath 1926-27), and fi- ( them from Burma to Tibet.
nally in Fungi from Yuqgoth ("The On whole, one cannot say
Elder Pharos") (1929-30) .In Dream- the Tcho-Tchos have received less
Quest the Lama belongs to the race
, attention than they have merited.
of the grey Moon-beasts, while in They were simply unimportant
Fungi he is the last surviving mem- henchmen in a mediocre story and
ber of a race called "the Elder were used effectively for the first
Ones." In the letter to Bloch, the and only time in 1978. They re-
Lama joins the Tcho-Tchos. main, as they should, in the shad-
Lovecraft never made anything ow of analogous but more colorful
of this connection, but Derleth figures like the Deep Ones.
certainly did, for in his 1940 tale
"The Sandwin Compact," he has
moved the Tcho-Tcho tribe lock, !w. Y. Evans-Wentz (ed.), Ti-
stock, and barrel to Tibet (and bet's Great Yogi Milarepa (NY: Ox-
implicitly to Leng). In that story, ford University Press, 1974), p.
one character has made an infernal 182.
pact "to serve the spawn of Cthu- ^Lobsang P. Lhalungpa (trans).
lhu and Lloigor among the Tcho- The Life of Milarepa (Boulder:
Tcho people in remote Tibet. Prajna Press, 1982), p. 142.
August Derleth never did much 3 Evans-Wentz p. 229.

more with the Tcho-Tchos except to ^The exceedingly corrupt Ark-

list them monotonously among the ham House text reads "Boupa
catalogue of servitor-races in his priests"; typists often mistook
repetitive Cthulhu Mythos stories. Lovecraft's "n's" for "u's." See
They so mentioned
are in The Robert M. Price, "Who Were the
Lurker the Threshold
at "Witches ,
'Boupa Priests'?" in Crypt of Cthu -
Hollow "The House on Curwen
, "
lhu #11, p. 44. For the reference
Street," "The Watcher from the to "Tatar and Thibetan folklore,"
Sky," "The Black Island," "The see Selected Letters IV, p. 386.
Whippoorwills in the Hills," and 5"Lair of the Star-Spawn" in
"The Seal of R'lyeh." Derleth and Schorer, Colonel Mar -
The poor Tcho-Tchos were final- kesan and Less Pleasant People
ly rescued from obscurity in 1978 (Sauk City: Arkham House, 1966),
by T. E. D. Klein in his tribute to pp. 62, 73.
Lovecraft, "Black Man with a 8 "The Thing That Walked on the
Hallowmas 1987 / 27

Wind" in Derleth, So mething Ne ar STILL MORE LIMERICKS

(Sauk City: Arkham House, 1945), FROM YUGGOTH
pp. 182-183.
7 Leng also inspired Lin Carter's
By Lin Carter
Plateau of Thang in "The Dweller
in the Tomb," in Derleth (ed.).
Dark Things (Sauk City: Arkham Yuggoth could be perfect for you.
House, 1971 ) There are so many fun things to
Lin Carter, Lovecraft: A Look do
Behind the Cthulhu Mythos New ( You'll spend your vacations
York: Ballantine Books, 1972 ), With lizard-crustaceans
p. 100. A jolly and partying crew!
9 The Horror in the Museum XXVIII .

(Sauk City: Arkham House, 1970),

p. 109. But of Leng I've heard visitors
10 Colonel Markesan 80. speak
, p.
^ Horror in the Museum , p. 109. That the climate is wintry and
12 Lin Carter so understands it. bleak ;

Lovecraft , p. 109. The cuisine is, well, crude.

1 ^Horror in the Museum, pp. 104- And the natives are rude.
105. But the rates are quite low by the
'"The Shadow out of Time" in week
The Dunwich Horror and Others
(Sauk City: Arkham House, 1963,
1984), p. 395. And Irem is commendably high
15 S elected Letters V, On the list of good places to try
p. 156; also
reproduced in Carter, Lovecraft, If you're catching TB
p. 117. Or have asthma you see.
"The Sandwin Compact" in Der- The climate's extreme ly dry.
leth, Mask of Cthulhu (Sauk City:
Arkham House, 1958),
p. 120.
17 "Black Man with a Horn" in Now, of red-litten Yoth I've
Ramsey Campbell (ed.). New Tales reports
of the Cthulhu Mythos (Sauk City: That it's low on the list of resorts.
Arkham House, 1980), p. 164. This Unless you like snakes
story is also available in Karl Ed- And daily earthquakes.
ward Wagner, Year's Best Horror And feel bored by the usual sports.
Stories IX (New York: DAW Books,
1981) and T. E. D. Klein, Dark
Gods (Viking, 1985; Bantam, 1986). I cannot advise Yha-nthlei
T&Letter to Robert M. Price, Save for the most cursory stay.
June 25, 1987. There's nothing to see there
Or to do, either;
It's the pits, and that's all can I



Of Carcosa I've heard this opinion:
Copies of Crypt of Cthulhu You'll enjoy it you're a minion
#s 10, 16, 17, 23, 25, 26, 28, Of Hastur; and what's more
31 32, 33, 34, 36,
, 37, 38, 39, you're not it's a bore.
If ,

43, 45, 46, 47, 48 , 49 ,

and 50 In fact why don't you try K'n-yan?
at $4.50.
Outside of USA and Canada, XXXIII .

add $1.00 per booklet for post- Yikilth, though, is said to be nice.
age. Pay in U. S. funds. If you're fond of a whole lot of ice.
Imay go there next week
(continued on page 31 )
28 / Crypt of Cthulhu

the Benevolence of Yib

By Lin Carter

As they tell the tale in Simrana, that he fed nightly on fat sausages
there was once a beggar called and corncakes, and slept beneath
Hish who lived in a leaky hovel two blankets of red wool.
near the mud-pits on the outskirts Thus it was that one day near
of Abzoor, which riseth by the old dusk Hish inquired of his neighbor
grey river Nusk. why it was that Thorb dined com-
He was very poor, was Hish. fortably and slept cozily, while
Now, it is commonly accounted Hish starved on crusts and nearly
to be the fate of beggars that they froze at night.
be very poor, elsewise they should You have not got yourself a
not have to beg, but this is not God on whose benevolence to rely,
true at all. In sooth, the beggar answered Thorb. And, saying
fortunate enough to possess an this, he drew from his cummerbund
empty eye-socket, a withered limb, a packet of fine silks wherefrom he
or a nice collection of running sores abstracted a small God neatly
can generally look forward to an carved out of blue stone.
annual income of two hundred This is my God, said Thorb: His
pieces of silver. And even more, name is Umbool. Nightly burn I

if the crops are good and the land before Umbool three grains of in-
untroubled by War. cense and smear his heels with
But Hish could display none of mutton-fat, and he, in turn, sees
these advantages. Although he that my bowl is never empty of
subsisted on dry crusts snatched silver nor my of sausages
from between the feet of pigeons and corncakes. would advise,

and the occasional rotting fish cast friend Hish, you get yourself
up on the banks of the old grey a God. Umbool was carved for me
river Nusk at high tide, he re- by an artisan from Zoodrazai, for
mained plump and placid and well- the price of nine-and-twenty cop-
fleshed about the face. And as pers. He is a very handsome God,
silver clanked and clinked into the is he not?
bowls of his Brethren in the Trade, He is indeed, replied Hish po-
it was the lone copper that fell to litely. But do not own nine-and-

him, and that but seldom. twenty coppers.

Every day Hish squatted in the Then suggest that you go

shade of a flowering himalia in the down to the banks of the Nusk by

town square of Abzoor, begging night and make yourself a God out
diligently from dawn to dusk, and of river-clay, said Thorb.
every night he went home with And Hish resolved to do so.
hardly two coppers to clink to- That night he went down to the
gether in his purse, hungrier and side of the old grey river Nusk
more woeful than the day before. and scooped from the shallows
Now the beggars of Abzoor have amidst the whispering reeds a cer-
each their customary place in the tain quantity of slick yellow clay,
square, handed down from father the which he shaped into a God and
to son over many generations of baked it dry over a pan of simmer-
beggary. And seated next to Hish ing charcoal.
there always sat a beggar named Since Hish was short and stout
Thorb. And while Thorb begged and bald, he made his God the
no louder nor more piteously than same, since men commonly devise
did Hish, nor looked to be any the their Gods after their own like-
hungrier, silver fell daily into his nesses. Of course, Hish was less
bowl and it was known in the Trade skillful than the artisan from Zoo-
Hallowmas 1987 / 29

drazai and the God he fashioned the town square that the merchant
less handsome than Umbool a : Khibbuth was even then assembling
mere lump he was, in sooth, and a caravan to trade figs and olives
crudely-shapen Nevertheless, he
. from Abzoor for cinnamon and pep-
was the God of Hish and Hish loved pers in the bazaars of Polarna,
him. And he called him by the Hish hastened to buy an hun-
name of Yib: nightly would Hish dredth-part of the venture with the
burn before Yib two shavings of funds he had put by against just
cedarwood, and each dawn would such an opportunity. And for the
Hish rub into the bald brows of seven nights and seven days that
Yib a dab of sour lard. Khibbuth was absent on the cara-
And the first day after Hish van road, Hish devoutly redoubled
burnt cedar before Yib and rubbed his devotions to Yib and prayed
his pate with lard, two pieces of strenuously that the benevolence of
silver clanked into his bowl before Yib be not now withdrawn.
noontide. And Thorb grinned and Nor, it eventuated, did Yib turn
chuckled, saying: I perceive me, a deaf ear to the prayers of Hish,
friend, that you have got yourself for the merchant Khibbuth pros-
a God. And Hish proudly acknowl- pered handsomely and an hun-
edged that it was even so. dredth-part of his prosperings
poured into the bulging purse of
Hish. Wherewith did Hish purchase
Thereafter, silver fell more often a small house in the suburbs with
into the begging-bowl of Hish and a little rose garden walled about,
he prospered, after a fashion. When and a fig-tree in the midst thereof,
one is accustomed to coppers, one and an old woman to cook his roast
tends to thrive on silver; and, ere- mutton and to pour his cold beer.
long, Hish had set by sufficient No longer did Hish squat in his
funds to purchase a neater hut usual place in the town square be-
whose roof did not leak. It stood neath the flowering himalia, for
on higher ground and was happily now he went robed in decent blue
upwind of the mud-pits. And be- linen with amber beads clasped
fore the month was out he had about his plump neck, to dine with
also acquired a clay lamp, two red his new neighbors who were eager
wool blankets, and dined nightly to share in the luck of Hish and
on fat sausages and corncakes. the favor of his God, and they
Thus it was that Hish thrived on sought his investment in their own
the benevolence of Yib, nor was he ventures
ever neglectful of the duties he Now that he had somewhat risen
owed unto his little clay God. Never in the world, it seemed to Hish
a night passed but that cedar shav- unseemly God should be a
that his
ings were burnt before Yib, and poor thing crudely made out of a
never a dawn came that the brows lump of river-clay; wherefore he
of Yib went unrubbed with lard. hired a stonecutter to carve him a
And there fell ever more silver new God out of sleek jade. And
into the begging-bowl of Hish, and he called his new God by the name
sometimes even a piece of red gold, of Yeb, and nightly he burnt spices
on feast days. in a brass pan before Yeb and
Now these were riches in sooth each morning annointed his ears
for one such as Hish, who had with honey. As for Yib, he was
learnt thrift in the days of his put away in the cellar behind the
poverty, and who now set money apple-barrels
by against a time of need or a His store of funds and what re-
good business opportunity. And mained of his profits from the ex-
Hish continued to prosper on the pedition of Khibbuth, Hish quickly
benevolence of Yib, and faltered invested in the schemes of his new
not in his duties to Yib. neighbors, who flattered him ex-
And when it was bruited about cessively and introduced him to
30 / Crypt of Cthulhu

good red wine instead of beer. But As for Yeb, he was wrapped
these investments were made un- in burlap and retired to the gar-
wisely, for the ventures foundered dener's shed behind the fruit or-
or returned a lesser profit than chard .

Hish had assumed likely, despite

all of the devotions he made unto
Yeb. It may well have been that Whilethe new and noble ac-
Yeb, who was handsomely cut out quaintances of Hish were impressed
of beautiful and lustrous jade, was by his luxury and apparent wealth,
too proud to view kindly such sor- the creditors of Hish were less
did matters of business, or it may than impressed: in sooth, they
have been that his ears were grew restive. For the investments
stopped up by the honey wherewith and business ventures of Hish
they were annointed each morn: prospered not at all, and there
whatever the cause thereof, the in- came a time not long thereafter
vestments of Hish did not prosper. when the coffers of Hish were
However, Hish had by now empty and the credit of Hish not
gained a reputation for being for- worth a copper.
tunate in the favor of his God, and And erelong the creditors of
was rumored to possess riches, Hish banded together and had him
hence was his credit in the eyes of called up before the Magistrates,
men never higher. And, since his who dealt sternly with the unhappy
new neighbors advised him to as- Hish. The bailiffs seized all of his
sume a bold front before the world, property and possessions, not ex-
Hish bravely borrowed gold from cluding the brazen idol of Yab,
the money-lenders and rented a which was no particular cause of
superb villa in the most affluent regret to Hish, as the ears of Yab
suburb of Abzoor, with a staff of had been as deaf to his prayings
servants and a foreign chef to as had been the ears of Yeb, whom
serve succulent gamefowl in rare the bailiffs also seized, once they
sauces and delicious pastries at his had found him in the back of the
table, and the finest of wines. gardener's shed.
And now, when he went forth in In short, the misfortunate Hish
his litter to call upon the lords was turned out of his own door
and nobles who were his new neigh- with naught more than a clean tunic
bors, he went robed in expensive and the sandals on his feet. That,
silk with gleaming turquoises and the little clay image of Yib,
clasped about his plump throat. which the bailiffs tossed after him,
And, as it was no longer fitting scorning it as a poor lump of baked
for a gentleman of his social dis- river-clay not worth the tenth part
tinction to worship a mere God of of a piece of silver, were all that
jade, and as Yeb had thus far were left to Hish.
failed significantly to view with Clutching Yib to his breast and
benevolence the business ventures loudly bemoaning his fate, Hish
of Hish, he soon commissioned (at a made his way down through the
lordly fee) King Abirem's own streets of Abzoor to the town
sculptor to cast him a new divinity square, and, having no place else
out of solid bronze, to be heavily to rest, took up again his old seat
gilt, with opals for its eyes. He beneath the flowering himalia tree
was very proud of his magnificent next to the place of Thorb. So
new God, was Hish, and he named woeful was countenance, that
him Yab. And nightly the servants more than coppers fell into
a few
of Hish burnt costly myrrh on his lap day for he had, of
golden plates before Yab, and each course, since thrown out his
dawn they slaughtered a white pea- old begging-bowl and with those
cock upon the altars of Yab, and coppers that night he rented again
smeared his brazen heels with its his old hovel down by the mud-
blood pits, the one with the leaky roof.
Hallowmas 1987 / 31

It had stood empty since he aban- STILL MORE LIMERICKS

doned it in the first days of his FROM YUGCOTH
prosperity, and no one had deigned (continued from page 27)
to rent it since. That night he
slept huddled on his old pallet,
shivering in the thin tunic.
On my way to Zothique,
Where I've visited now once or
And also that night for old times
sake did Hish burn before the little
clay figure of Yib two cedar shav- XXXIV.
ings; nor with dawn did he neglect
to rub the bald pate of Yib with a Rlim Shaikorth's hospitable, true.
dab of sour lard borrowed from the You can surely sign on with the
neighbors crew
That day the new begging-bowl Of his flying ice-isle.
of Hish resounded to the clink of But after a while
coppers and even to the tinkling of You'll likely end up in the stew.
a piece or two of silver. That night
he slept again beneath a woolen XXXV.
blanket, having dined heartily but
As for Abhoth, have to defer

frugally on black bread, and olives,

To heads wiser than mine, as it
and red cheese.
Daily thereafter Hish was to be
For I've nothing to say
seen squatting in his customary
Of Abhoth either way.
place in the town square, nor did
Not even if It's "him" or "her."
he again forget his duties to Yib.
And while he did not thrive nor XXXVI
prosper, neither did Hish ever
Tsathoggua's not fond of conversin'
again go hungry to his bed, for
With any Thing, critter, or person.
he continued to rejoice in the be-
He just naps in N'kai
nevolence of Yib, whose devotions
All the night and all day.
he never again neglected.
As he himself once put it to his
And seems to improve, rather than
neighbor Thorb: Beautiful was
Yab, whom the King's own sculp- XXXVII.
tor cast for me in rich bronze;
Now Ythogtha lives down in Yhe
and handsomely made was Yeb,
Which is all the way deep under
whom a stonecutter fashioned for
me out of lustrous jade; but the
There, with griping and groan-
best of them all was Yib, whom I

made myself
Their fate they're bemoaning
for out of the slick
yellow clay of the river.
His Dad and his brother and he.
Or so, at least, they tell the
tale in Simrana . . . XXXVIII.
Aphoom Zhah has his mountain of
Which neither sounds comfy or nice.
SubsCRYPTions Although supposeI

As apartment space goes

One year's subscription (8 It's a bargain, whatever the price.
issues) costs $36 in the USA
and Canada, $48 in Western
Europe and $47 in Australia. Well, just about all that I know
Is he lives atop Mt. Yaddith-Gho
Pay in U. S. funds, and mean Ghatanothoa.
indicate first issue. I knew moa,
wish I

But that's every last thing that I

know !
32 / Crypt of Cthulhu

the Mystics of Muelenburg

By Thomas Ligotti

If things
are not what they planted by a hallucinatory view of
seem and we are forever reminded creation. Forms, having nothing to
that this is the case then it must offer except a mere suggestion of
also be observed that enough of us firmness, declined in importance;
ignore this truth to keep the world fantasy, that misty domain of pure
from collapsing. Though never meaning, gained in power and in-
exact, always shifting somewhat, fluence. This was in the days
the proportion is crucial. For a when esoteric wisdom seemed to
certain number of minds are in- count for something in my mind,
cessantly departing for realms of and I would willingly have sacri-
delusion, as if in accordance with ficed great deal to attain it.
some hideous timetable, and many Hence, interest in the man who
will never be returning to us. Even called himself Klaus Klingman;
among those who remain, how dif- hence, that brief yet profitable
ficult it can be to hold the focus association between us, which came
sharp, to keep the picture of the about through channels too twisted
world from fading, from blurring in to recall.
selected zones, or even from sus- Without a doubt, Klingman was
taining epic deformations upon the one of the illuminati and proved
entire visible scene. this many times over in various
Ionce knew a man who claimed psychic experiments, particularly
that, overnight, all the solid shapes those of the seance type. For
of existence had been replaced by those outside scientific circles, I

cheap substitutes: trees made need only mention the man who was
of flimsy posterboard, houses built alternately known as the Master of
of colored foam, whole landscapes Magi, Mandarin of Magic, and Nemo
composed of hair-clippings. His the Necromancer, each of whom was
own flesh, he said, was now just none other than Klaus Klingman
so much putty. Needless to add, himself. But Klingman's highest
this acquaintance had deserted the achievement was not a matter of
cause of appearances and could no public spectacle and consisted en-
longer be depended on to stick to tirely of this private triumph: that
the common story. Alone he had he had achieved, by laborious ef-
wandered into a tale of another fort, an unwavering acceptance of
sort altogether; for him, all things the spectral nature of things, which
now participated in this nightmare to him were neither what they
of nonsense. But although his seemed to be nor were they quite
revelations conflicted with the anything at all.
lesser forms of truth, nonetheless Klingman lived in the enormous
he did live in the light of a greater upper story of a warehouse that
truth: that all is unreal. Within had been part of his family's legacy
him this knowledge was vividly to him, and there often found him

present down to his very bones, wandering amidst a few pieces of

which had been newly simulated furniture and the cavernous waste-
by a compound of mud and dust land of dim and empty storage
and ashes. space. Collapsing into an ancient
In my own case, must confess
I armchair, far beneath crumbling
that the myth of a natural universe rafters, he would gaze through and
that is, one that adheres to cer- beyond the physical body of his
tain continuities whether we wish visitor, his eyes surveying remote
them or not was losing its grip on worlds and his facial expression
me and was gradually being sup- badly disorganized by dreams and
Hallowmas 1987 / 33

large quantities of alcohol. "Flu- been lost: absolute terror has

idity, always fluidity," he shouted proved its security against this
out, his voice carrying through the fate. Is it any wonder that these
expansive haze around us, which beings carry on the struggle at
muted daylight into dusk. The em- whatever cost?"
bodiment of his mystic precepts, "And you?" I asked.
he appeared at any given moment "I ?"

to be on the verge of an amazing "Yes, you shoulder the

disintegration, his peculiar complex universe your own way?"
of atoms shooting off into the great "Not at he replied, smiling
void like a burst of fireworks. and up in his chair as on a
We discussed the dangers for throne. "I am a lucky one, parasite
me and for the world of adopting a of chaos, maggot of vice. Where I

visionary program of existence. live is a nightmare, thus a certain

"The chemistry of things is so deli- nonchalance. !n a previous life,
cate," he warned. "And this word you know, might actually have

chemistry, what does it mean but a been at Muelenburg before it was

mingling, a mixing, a gushing to- lost in the delirium of history. Who
gether? Things that people fear." can say? Smothered by centuries
Indeed, had already suspected
now. But there was an opportunity,
the hazards of his company, and, a moment of distraction in which so
as the sun was setting over the much was nearly lost forever, so
city beyond the great windows of many lost in that medieval gloom,
the warehouse, became afraid.
catastrophe of dreams. How their
With an uncanny perception of my minds wandered in the shadows
feelings, Klingman pointed at me when their bodies seemed bound to
and bellowed: narrow, rutted streets and the
"The worst fear of the race- spired cathedral, erected 1375 to
yes, the world suddenly trans- 1399. A rare and fortuitous junc-
formed into a senseless nightmare, ture when the burden of the heav-
horrible dissolution of things. Noth- ens was heaviest so much to keep
ing compares, even oblivion is a in place and the psyche so
sweet dream. You understand ill-developed,so easily taxed and
why, of course. Why this peculiar tempted away from its labors. But
threat. These brooding psyches, they knew nothing about that, and
all the busy minds everywhere. I never could. They only knew the
hear them buzzing like flies in the prospect of absolute terror."
blackness. see them as glow-
I "In Muelenburg." said, hop- I

worms flitting in the blackness. ing to draw his conversation out-

They are struggling, straining ward before it twisted further into
every second to keep the sky above itself. "You said the cathedral."
them, to keep the moon in the sky, "I see the cathedral, the collos-
to keep the dead in the earth to sal vault above, the central aisle
keep all things, so to speak, where stretching out before us. The
they belong What an undertaking!
. woodcarvings leer down from dark
What a crushing task! Is it any corners, animals and freaks, men
wonder that they are all tempted in the mouths of demons. Are you
by a universal vice, that in some taking notes again? Fine, then
dark street of the mind a single take notes. Who knows what you
voice whispers to one and all, soft- will remember of all this? Or will
ly hissing, and says: 'Lay down memory help you at all? In any
your burden.' Then thoughts be- case we are already there, sitting
gin drift, a mystical magnetism
to among the smothered sounds of the
pulls them this way and that, faces cathedral. Beyond the jeweled win-
start to change, shadows speak . dows is the town in twilight."
sooner or later the sky comes

down, melting like wax. But as Twilight, as Klingman explained

you know, everything has not yet and I must paraphrase, had come
34 / Crypt of Cthulhu

upon Muelenburg somewhat prema- eerie, overstaying twilight. Even

turely on a certain day deep into the nightwatchman shirked his noc-
the autumn season. Early that turnal routine. And when the bells
afternoon, clouds had spread them- of the abbey sounded for the
selves evenly above the region sur- monks' midnight prayers, each toll
rounding the town, withholding spread like an alarm throughout
heaven's light and giving a dull the town still held in the strange
appearance to the landscape of for- luminousness of the gloaming.
ests, thatched farmhouses, and Exhausted by fear, many shut-
windmills standing still against the tered their windows, extinguished
horizon. Within the high stone lamps, and retired to their beds,
walls of Muelenburg itself, no one hoping that all would be made right
seemed particularly troubled that in the interval. Others sat up with
the narrow streets normally so candles, enjoying the lost luxury of
cluttered with the pointed shadows shadows. A few, who were not
of peaked roofs and jutting gables fixed to the life of the town, broke
at this time of day were still im- through the unwatched gate and
mersed in a lukewarm dimness which took to the roads, all the while
turned merchants' brightly colored gazing at the pale sky and wonder-
signs into faded artifacts of a dead ing where they would go.
town and which made faces look as But whether they kept the hours
if they were fashioned in pale clay. in their dreams or in sleepless
And in the central square where vigils, all were disturbed by some-
the shadow from the clock-tower of thing in the spaces around them,
the town hall at times overlapped as if some strangeness had seeped
those cast by the twin spires of the into the atmosphere of their town,
cathedral on the one hand, or the their homes, and perhaps their
ones from high castle turrets loom- souls. The air seemed heavier
ing at the border of the town on somehow, resisting them slightly,
the other there was only greyness and also seemed
be filled or
undisturbed flowing with things that could not
Now were the minds of
where be perceived except as swift, shad-
the townspeople? How had they owlike movement escaping all sensi-
ceased paying homage to the an- ble recognition, transparent flight
cient order of things? And when which barely caressed one's vision.
had the severing taken place that When the clock high in the tower
sent their world drifting on strange of the town hall proved that
waters? a nightful of hours had passed,
For some time they remained in- some opened their shutters, even
nocent of the disaster, going about ventured into the streets. But the
their ways as the ashen twilight sky still hovered over them like an
lingered far too long, as it en- infinite vault of glowing dust. Here
croached upon the hours that be- and there throughout the town the
longed to evening and suspended people began to gather in whisper-
the town between day and night. ing groups. Appeals were soon
Everywhere windows began to glow made at the castle and the cathe-
with the yellow light of lamps, dral, and speculations were offered
creating the illusion that darkness to calm the crowd. There was a
was imminent. Any moment, it struggle in heaven, some had rea-
seemed, the natural cycle would soned, which had influenced the
relieve the town of the prolonged gross reality of the visible world.
dusk it had suffered that autumn Others proposed a deception by
day. How well-received the black- demons or an ingenious punishment
ness would have been by those who from on high. A few, who met
waited silently in sumptuous cham- secretly in lurid chambers, spoke
bers or humble rooms, for no one in stricken voices of old deities
could bear the sight of Muelen- formerly driven from the earth who
burg's twisting streets in that were now monstrously groping their
Hallowmas 1987 / 35

way back. And all of these expli- themselves than they could one
cations of the mystery were true in another. All were carried off in
their own way, though none could the great torrent of their dreams,
abate the dread in the town of all spinning in that greyish whirl-
Muelenburg pool of the indefinite twilight, all
Submerged in unvarying grey- churning and in the end merging
ness, distracted and confused by into utter blackness.
phantasmal intrusions about them, It was within this blackness that
the people of the town felt their the souls of Muelenburg struggled
world dissolving, and even the and labored and ultimately awoke.
clock in the town hall tower failed The stars and high moon now lit up
to keep their moments from wan- the night, and it seemed that their
dering strangely. Within such dis- town had been returned to them.
order were bred curious thoughts And so terrible had been their re-
and actions. Thus, in the garden cent ordeal that of its beginning,
of the abbey an ancient tree was its progress, and its termination,
shunned and rumors spread con- they could remember . . . nothing.
cerning some change in its twisted
silhouette, something flaccid and "Nothing?" echoed. I

ropelike about its branches, until "Of course," Klingman answered.

finally the monks dowsed it with "All of the rest was left behind in
oil and set it aflame, their circle the blackness. How could they
of squinting faces bathing in the bear to bring it back with them?"
glare. Likewise, a fountain stand- "But your story," protested. I

ing in one of the castle's most se- "These notes I've taken tonight."
cluded courtyards became notorious "Privileged information, far off
when waters appeared to sug-
its the main roads of historical record.
gest fabulous depths far beyond the You know that sooner or later each
natural dimensions of its shell- of them recollected the episode in
shaped basin. The cathedral itself detail. It was all waiting for them
had deteriorated into a hollow sanc- in the place where they had left
tuary where prayers were mocked it the blackness which is the realm
by queer movements among the of death. Or that blackness of the
carved figures in cornices and by old alchemists' magic powder, if
shadows streaming horribly in the you wish."
twitching light of a thousand can- I remembered the necromantic
dles . learning that Klingman had both
Andthroughout the town all professed and proven, but still I

places and things bore evidence to observed: "Then nothing can be

striking revisions in the base realm verified, nothinq established as
of matter: precisely sculptured fact.
stone began to loosen and lump, an "Nothing at all," he agreed,
abandoned cart melded with the "except the fact that am one with I

sucking mud of the street, and the dead of Muelenburg and with
objects in desolate rooms lost them- allwho have known the great dream
selves in the surfaces they pressed in all its true liquescence. They
upon, making metal tongs mix with have spoken to me as am speaking I

brick hearth, prismatic jewels with to you. Many drunken dialogues

lavish velvet, a corpse with the have been held, many reminiscences
wood of its coffin. At last the from those old dreamers."
faces of Muelenburg became subject "Like the drunkenness of this
to changing expressions which at dialogue tonight," said, openly I

first were quite subtle, though disdaining his narrative.

later these divergences were so "Perhaps, only much more vivid,
exaggerated that it was no longer more real. But the yarn which
possible to recapture original you suppose alone have spun has

forms. It followed that the towns- served its purpose. To cure you
people could no more recognize of doubt you first had to be made
36 / Crypt of Cthulltu

a doubter. Until now, pardon my memories of the dead. For no one

saying so, you have shown no else living remembers when every-
talent in that direction. You be- thing began to change, no one else
lieved every wild thing that came with the possible exception of Klaus
along, provided it had the least Klingman
evidence whatever. Tonight you But Klingman has disappeared,
are ready to be cured of this para- perhaps into that same blackness
doxical doubt. And didn't men- I for which he seemed to have an in-
tion time and again the dangers? credible nostalgia. (The ware-
Unfortunately, you cannot count house, which revisited in the red

yourself among those forgetful souls dawn following that gruesomely

of Muelenburg. You even have protracted night, was untenanted
your mnemonic notes, as if anyone save by its spare furnishings and
will credit them when this night is a few empty bottles.) And I, of
over. The time is right again, and course, am not to be believed.
it has happened more than once,
for the grip to go slack and for the
return of fluidity in the world.
And later so much will have to be NOT SO HORRID
washed away, assuming a renais- DUNWICH HORRORS
sance of things. Fluidity, always The Dunwich Horror
"In ,
fluidity twin monsters are unleashed,
When I left his company that born of the unholy union of
night, abandoning the dead and a feebleminded woman and an
shapeless hours had spent in that
extraterrestrial entity."
warehouse, Klingman was laughing Caedman Audiocassette
like a madman. remember him I
Catalogue. Spring 1987
slouched in that threadbare throne,
his face all flushed and contorted,
his twisted mouth wailing at some
hilarious arcana known only to him-
self, the sardonic laughter rever-
berating in the great spaces of the
night. To all appearances, some FUNNIES!
ultimate phase of dissipation had
seized his soul. A visually striking adapta-
Nevertheless, that had under- I
tion of "The White Ship" ap-
rated or misunderstood the powers pears in the comic book Any-
of Klingman was soon demon-
Klaus thing Goes #8
strated to me, and to others. But
no one else remembers that time
when the night would not leave and
no dawn appeared to be forthcom-
ing. During the early part of the
crisis there were sensible, rather
than apocalyptic, explanations prof- AD RATES
fered everywhere: blackout, bi- Full page (6 1/2"x9 1/2"). $30 .

zarre meteorological phenomena, an Half page (6 1/2"x8 3/8"

eclipse of sorts. Later, these myths or 3"x9 1/2") $16 .

became useless and ultimately un- Quarter page (6 l/2"x2 1/3


necessary .
or 3"x3 3/8" $8.50
For no one else recalls the hys-
teria that prevailed when the stars Send camera ready copy. and
and the moon seemed to become do not exceed exact dimensions
swollen in the blackness and to cast as stated above (the first fig-
a lurid illumination upon the world. ure denotes width).
How many horrors await in that
blackness to be restored to the
Hallowmas 1987 / 37


By Lin Carter

Great Smith glittered .

o o o

Very, very few writersare "How can they say my life isn't
lucky enough or gifted enough or a success? Have not for more I

both! to invent brand new liter-

a than sixty years got enough to eat
ary form. Obviously, from time to and escaped being eaten?"
o o o
time someone does: hence we have
the sonnet (was it Petrarch?) and My Po rtrait: "But after all am no I

the haiku (no idea). One such in- amoeba, no mere sack and stomach;
ventor was a writer you have prob- I am capable of discourse, can ride
ably never even heard of: Logan a bicycle, look up trains in Brad-
Pearsall Smith (1865-1986), and shaw; in fact I am and calmly boast
what he invented was the brief myself a Human Being that Master-
personal statement or observation, piece of Nature, and noblest fruit
or sketch, or meditation, or vi- of time; I am a rational, polite,
gnette, or prose pastel. Take your meat-eating Man.
choice (my dictionary supinely "What stellar collisions and con-
avoids the struggle to define what flagrations, what floods and slaugh-
he perfected by simply calling him ters and enormous efforts, has it
an "essayist." No guts, my dic- not cost the Universe to make me
tionary). Since can't define it
I of what astral periods and cosmic
myself. I'll give you some samples processes am not the crown, the I

from what Smith himself calls wonder?

"trivia." "Where, then, is the Esplanade
or world-dominating Terrace for my
"I might give up my life for my sublime Statue; the landscape of
friend, but he'd better not ask me palaces and triumphal arches for
to do up a parcel." the of my Portrait;
o o o
stairs of marble, flung against the
The Stars "Battling my way home-
: sunset, not too narrow and ignoble
ward one dark night against the for me
to pause with ample gesture
wind and rain, a sudden gust, on their balustraded flights?"
stronger than the others, drove me o o o

back into the shelter of a tree. But "I shouldn't mind, though, liv-
soon the Western sky broke open; ing to my hundredth year, like
the illumination of the Stars poured Fontenelle, who never
nor wept
down from behind dispersing laughed, never ran nor interrupted
clouds anyone, and never lost his temper;
"I was astonished at their to whom all the science of his day
brightness, to see how they filled was known, but who all his life
the night with their lustre. So I adored three things music, paint-
went my way accompanied by them; ing and women about which he said
Arcturus followed me, and becoming he understood absolutely nothing."
o o o
entangled in a leafy tree, shone by
glimpses, and then emerged trium- They : "Their taste is exquisite;
phant, Lord of the Western sky. They live Palladian houses, in a
Moving along the road in my water- world of ivory and precious china,
proof and galoshes, my thoughts of old brickwork and stone pilas-
were among the Constellations. I ters. In white drawing-rooms see I

too was one of the Princes of the Them, or on blue, bird-haunted

starry Universe; in me also there lawns. They talk pleasantly of me,
was something that blazed, that and Their eyes watch me. From
38 / Crypt of Cthulhu

the diminished, ridiculous picture published by Harcourt, Brace in

of myself which the glass of the 1958.
world gives me, turn for comfort, I One of the few books know I

for happiness to my image in the which can aptly be called delicious .

kindly mirror of those eyes.

"Who are They? Where, in what
A Preponderance of Giants
paradise or palace, shall ever find I

Them? may walk all the streets,

I At one of'the very last Lunacons
ring all the door-bells of the World, I attended, was speaking before

but shall never find Them.

I Yet a roomful of people and we got on
nothing has value for me save in the subject of collective nouns. You
the crown of Their approval; for know what collective nouns are:
Their coming which will never be words which denote a group, such
I build and plant, and for Them as a school of fish, herd of cattle,
alone I secretly write this Book, flock of geese, p ride of lions, ex -
which They will never read." altation of larks, and so on.
o o o I brought up something had I

once discussed with Sprague, i.e.,

"But most of all I envy the octo- dragons are at least as im-
genarian poet who joined three
portant as any of the above and as
words deserving of a collective noun of
'Co, lovely Rose 1

their own. In conversational give-

so happily together, that he left and-take with the audience, we
his name to float down through worked out collective nouns for
Time on the wings of a phrase and witches, fairies, and a few other
a flower." distinguished species, among which
o o o was giants. It was John Boardman
The "What shall
Spi der : compare I (a good man) who, as recall, came I

it to, fantastic thing

this call my I up with a fine collective noun for
Mind? To a waste-paper basket, to giants, which adopted on the

a sieve choked with sediment, or to spot

a barrel full of floating froth and Herewith, then, are some giants
refuse? not all the giants know, but a

"No, what it is really most like hefty sampling. Following Board-

is a spider's web, insecurely hung man, I call it:
on leaves and twigs, guivering to
A Preponderance of Giants
every wind, sprinkled with dew-
drops and dead flies. And at its AGRAPARD Brother of the

geometric centre, pondering for giant Angoulafre, slain by Huon of

ever the Problem of Existence, sits Bordeaux on the request of the
motionless and spider-like the un- Emir of Babylon, none of whose
canny Soul." champions dared risk battle with
o o o such a ferocious monster.
"The spread of Atheism among ALL The only Negro giant I

the young is awful; give no I know of (well, anyway. Blacka-

credit, however, to the report that moor); in the Sicilian folktale "The
some of them do not believe in Green Bird." He was doorkeeper
Mammon. to the castle of an ogress. See A
B ook of Ogres and Trolls Manning- ,

. See what
. .mean? "Essay- I Sanders
ist," indeed! Well, whatever they ALI FANFARON . Imaginary giant
are, Trivia, they are fascinat-
his in Don Quixote ; the mad Don at-
ing examples of a very pure, tacked a flock of sheep, declaring
carved style. They were published them the army of the giant.
in slender books such as T rivia ANGOULAFRE He was called

(1921), More Trivia (1931), After - "the Giant of the Brazen Tower"
though ts (1934), and so on. The and was slain by Huon of Bor-
complete volume. All Trivia was , deaux, who wore his finger-ring
Hallowmas 1987 / 39

as an armlet to prove he had done cut off the

William of end of
the deed. Orange's nose a battle. during
ANGU S He had red hair, a
. Thereafter he (William) was called
rough beard, strong hairy arms, "Guillaume Shortnose" but not, I

and was one of the good giants, suspect, to his face. Corsolt did
although a bit clumsy. See Char- not live long enough to enjoy boast-
lotte Hough's story in William ing of his feat, since about ten
Mayne's Book of Giants (1969). minutes later, and probably hold-
ARGANTE . A lustful giantess ing his bleeding nose with one
in Spenser's Faerie Queene She . hand, William cut off the giant's
comes to a sticky end. head
ASCAPARD A Saracen giant . CROM DU V . Unfriendly Irish
overcome by Sir Bevis, and who giant in Padraic Colum's minor chil-
thereafter served the knight as his drens' classic. The King of Ire -
faithful page and squire, in the land's Son .

thirteenth century romance, Bevis DENBRAS See "Old Denbras."


of Hampton . DOLI TTLE No, he didn't "talk


BELI NDA Giant-wife of Dolit-

. to the animals," he was a giant who
tle (
3 . v. )At least
. think mean I I suffered from the gout in D. M. G.
3.V. In Howell's story "The Gouty Howell's story "The Gouty Giant"
Giant. in the William Mayne book alluded
BELLERUS . A Cornish giant in- to above.
vented by
poet Milton, appar- the E RI PH ILIA A giantess slain in

ently in order
to account for the battle by the noble Paynim knight,
otherwise inexplicable fact that the Rogero, who later became King of
Romans called part of Cornwall the Bulgars and founder of the
"Bellerium." (Lycidas, 160) great House of Este. Orlando Fu -
BLUNDERBORE The second . rioso .

giant slain by the famous Sir Jack. FERRAGUS Portuguese giant


This one was lord of an enchanted in Valentine and Orson He owned .

castle amidst a lonely wood. Jack a Brazen Head which uttered

contrived to strangle both Blunder- prophecies; sounds like a useful
bore and another (unnamed) giant gadget to have around the house.
who had been invited to dinner FIERABRAS A giant, son of .

the main course being Jack, him- King Balan, conquered by Roland's
self. Personally, I shouldn't think pal, Oliver, in battle, and thereby
one man enough to feed two giants, converted to Christianity.
but there it is. FOAWR, THE A Manx giant in .

CARCULIAMBRO . A giant who "A Moon of Gobbags" in Fairy Tales

was lord of Malindrania
of the isle of the British Isle s.
in the first chapter of the Quixote . FRITS Dutch giant, one of

Incidentally, my text of Cervantes' three jolly brothers who lived in

masterpiece was translated into the Veluwe district of Holland's
English by Tobias Smollet, no less. North Gelderland. Frits was the
I know of no other occasion when a middle brother of the three, and
great book by a great author has they were a noisy, boisterous lot,
been translated into another lan- but were outsmarted by the cunning
guage by a great author in that of the dwarves in the old Dutch
tongue. tale, "The Whispering Giant." The
COLBRAND Famous Danish gi- . jolly brothers are part of the imme-
ant slain by Guy of Warwick in the morial lore of the Veluwe district,
Medieval tale. where the village of Drie ("the
CORMORAN This was the first . three") is named after them. See
of the several giants slain by Sir 13 Giants edited , by Dorothy
Jack; Jack cunningly dug a pit and Gladys Spicer, Coward-McCann
contrived for the giant to fall in 1966.
and break his neck. GALLIGANT UA. According to
CORSOLT A Saracen giant who . my count, this was the ninth giant
<40 / Crypt of Cthulhu

slain by Sir Jack, the most famous

giant-killer of them all. Aided by The Smallest Country
an old conjurer, Galligantua stole
ladies and gentlemen of court and I'm interested in the very large
transformed them into garden statu- (like giants), also in the very
ary, for some obscure reason. small. Got into a noisy discussion
GARGANTUA Giant of Utopia,
. in abar once about the smallest
in Rabelais' Gargantua and Panta - country in the world: one guy
gruel Centuries later, a very claimed it was Liechtenstein, an-
big, grotesquely fat and horribly other either Monaco or San Marino
ugly circus gorilla was named after (I forget just which), while put I

him. Such is fame. in my bid for Vatican City, which

GLEW A bald, flabby giant
. is, you know, an independent and
with skinny arms and knobby sovereign state, self-ruled, under
knees, given to whining, whimper- its own laws, with its own police,
ing and complaining all in all, a fire department and it even gener-
very ungiantlike giant. See The ates its own electricity.
Castle of Llyr by Lloyd Alexander. Nobody won the argument, be-
. cause nobody had the facts, but
giant girl who took charge of Gul- later on Ispent an afternoon in the
liver during his visit to Brobding- library digging them up. Interest-
nag. Although she was only nine ing stuff came to light. Liechten-
years old, she was forty feet high. stein is a tiny little princedom,
Actually, I'm not at all sure that like something left over from one of
the Brobdingnagians are, strictly those old, charming French fairy
speaking, giants of the same spe- tales by Charles Perrault or some-
cies as the rest of the ones listed body. It covers all of sixty-two
here, so will limit myself to just
I square miles and has a population
Glumdalclitch from Gulliver . of twenty-two thousand. Small
GOLIATH Philistine giant slain
. enough for you? (It really does
by the young David with a sling- belong in a fairy tale: nobody in
shot. He was killed in the valley Liechtenstein pays any taxes at
of Terebinthus and (in I Samuel 17) all!).
his height is given as "six cubits Now, San Marino occupies twen-
and a span," which is between ty-three and one-half square miles,
nine nine inches and eleven
feet with a population of nineteen thou-
feet three inches, depending on sand (last census), while Monaco
which scholar's estimate of "a cubit" is only four hundred and fourteen
you accept. acres in extent, and is home to
twenty-three thousand people. Hang
(Isn't it fun to be Christians, and
on, they get still smaller
have a holy book filled with drag-
Vatican City, which thought

ons, giants, ghosts, witches, uni-

was the smallest country on earth
corns, and other fun stuff?)
today, covers 108.7 acres (Disney-
GORGO Giant with a sweet
. land is larger; for that matter, so
tooth in the old Swiz Swiss tale, is Central Park!), and houses about
"The Clever Goatherd and the one thousand people. Turns out we
Greedy Giant." He was so fond of were all wrong: the smallest sov-
rice pudding that he could eat it ereign nation on earth today occu-
seven days straight and still not pies a villa on Rome's Aventine
get enough. In Spicer's 13 Giants. Hill, about three square acres and
smaller than that you cannot hardly
This is not a full Prepon-
. . get! This country, which is indeed
derance, of course, but have only I a sovereign independent nation un-
so much space allotted to this col- der international law, issuing its
umn, and must save the rest of my own stamps and coins and pass-
giants for another time. Bite the ports, has been in uninterrupted
bullet existence since the eleventh cen-
Hallowmas 1987 / 41

tury and maintains diplomatic rela- to tell you what the o ther one is
tions with forty-five nations, cur-
rently. The Amphisbaena
What nation is it? The Sover-
eign Order of the Knights
Military The Amphisbaena, I have heard.
of John of Jerusalem, popularly
St. Has two heads, one at either end.
known as the Knights of Malta al-
though they lost the island of Malta This sort of Pushmi-Pullyu bird
to Napoleon in 798 after a gallant
1 ,
Has virtues commend. I

and heroic last stand, and Malta is When she is sitting on her nest.
now part of the British Common- One head remains alert and thinks
wealth. Anciently, the Order was
one of the two great knightly or- And lets the other get some rest

ders of the period of the Crusades: It catches forty winks.

the Hospitallers, mean (the other
one being the Templars).
They are ruled by a Prince, This share of toil, must aver. I

elected for life from among their Deserves our approbation:

number, and while only about nine We all could learn a lot from her
hundred live in or about their Villa About cooperation.
Malta on the Aventine, they have
some nine thousand members in the fromThe Intelligent Child' s
United States alone. Today they Own Book of Interesting and
continue their mission of mercy, Instructive Monsters an ,

tending, as they have for nearly a (alas!) unpublished manu-

thousand years, to the seriously script by your 'umble colum-
ill today they maintain leper colo- nist .

nies all over the world. Lin Carter

Want to become a Knight of Mal-
ta? It can be done: just prove
that your ancestors on both sides Editor's Note: It might interest
have been of noble blood for the readers to know that according to
past two centuries, and you can the most ancient known text of
get in . . . Samuel, discovered among the Dead
Sea Scrolls, Goliath turns out to
Pyramid have stood only six and one-half
feet tall, a giant by ancient Near
Ever delve into the convoluted Eastern standards, to be sure, but
histories of certain loan-words thanks to the imagination of anony-
which have gotten into English? mous scribes, Goliath's stature has
Well, this one is a pip. literally grown in the telling!
It comes from the Egyptian word Also, while we're talking about
pir -em-us, which actually has ref- micro-states, let's not forget little
erence to the height of the struc- Andorra, on the border of France
ture, not the structure itself. But and Spain, with only one hundred
what the hay. The Creeks adapted seventy-five square miles (smaller
the Egyptian term to pyramis , than Chicago) and fifty-three thou-
whose plural was pyramides . sand people. Charlemagne granted
The current word-form, pyra - them a charter for their aid fight-
mid ,which by now is found in al- ing the Moors.
most all modern European lan-
guages, is thus an artificial singu- Movie: "The Dunwich Horror"
lar constructed out of a Creek (1970) Sandra Dee, Dean Stock-
plural, and one of the only two well. A coed at Miskatonic U. is
words in the English language bor- rituallydrugged by her warlock
rowed from the tongue of the an- boyfriend as a prelude to re-
cient Egyptians. ceiving Satan. (1 hr. 45 mins.)
And I'm sure don't have to tell
42 / Crypt of Cthull)u

89 Marion Street, Toronto, Ontario,
Canada, M6R 1E6

w e buy and sell Arkham, Berkley, Cape, Dobson, Doubleday,

Faber, Gnome, Gollancz, Grant, Grosset, Hodder, Hutchinson,
Kimber, Little Brown, MacDonald, Phantasia, Random,
Scream, Scribners, Underwood, Viking, Whispers - - Crypt Of
Cthulhu, Drumm, Fawcett, Necronomicon, Pardoe, Spectre,
Strange Co., - - Aldiss, Anderson, Ballard, Bloch, Brennen,
Campbell, Derleth, Ellison, Farmer, Howard, King, Long,
Moorcock, Niven, Smith, Straub, Vance, Wellman, etc., etc. . .

w e have also published selected works by H. P. Lovecraft,

plus Lovecraft criticism and bibliographies. At The Root, Cats

And Dogs, The Materialist Today, FuBar, Les Bibliotheques,
and Howard Phillips Lovecraft: The Books 4. etc., etc., etc

1 orthcoming items include: William Hope Hodgson: A

Bibliography of Books
and Periodical Appearances. Clark
Ashton Smith: The Books. Les Bibliotheques, etc., etc., etc

S end For Free Catalogue

Hallowmas 1987 / 43

Rlyeh Review
Darrell Schweitzer (ed.), Dis.- Schweitzer noted that his idea for
coverinq H. P. Lovecraft. Star- the book began with his desire to
mont, 1987, 153 p. $9.95. reprint Dirk Mosig's "The Four
Faces of the Outsider." That essay
(Reviewed by Stefan Dziemianowicz
was and still is an extraordinary
D iscovering H. P. Lovecraft piece of academic criticism. Mosig's
could just as easily have been en- biographical, social-critical, meta-
titled "Rediscovering Lovecraft's physical, and psychological inter-
Modern Critical Heritage." The pretations work both independently
book is an updated reprint of Dar- and interdependently to sound sur-
rell Schweitzers 1976 Essays Love - prising depths in a story that most
craftian a collection of essays that
, readers thought of simply as Love-
was good when it came out and that craft's best Poe pastiche. Probably
now, after 11 years of hindsight, few people for whom Mosig was the
merits the description "seminal." first serious Lovecraft critic read
To appreciate the significance of Lovecraft the same way again after
the book, one has to put the year reading Mosig.
1976 in perspective with regard to At the same time that Mosig and
Lovecraft studies. Lovecraft had others were demonstrating that
broken free of the cult author co- Lovecraft's work was worthy of
coon that 40 years of relative ob- rigorous academic evaluation, others
scurity had spun around him. Ark- were noticing a cognitive dissonance
ham House's "standard editions" of between the content of Lovecraft's
his works were slightly more than a fiction and the commonly accepted
decade old and the final volumes of interpretation of it. Dick Tierney's
Selected Letters had just been pub- infamous "The Derleth Mythos" was
lished . neither the first essay to equate
Nevertheless, serious profession- Lovecraft's Cthulhuoid stories with
al attention devoted to the study of his world view, nor the first to
Lovecraft was something of an ab- point out interpretive liberties
erration. Granted, L. Sprague de taken with them. Fritz Leiber had
Camp's Lovecraft: A Biography had said as much in his "A Literary
just supplanted Lin Carter's Love - Copernicus" (also included here)
craft: A Look Behind the Cthulhu some 30 years before. But whereas
Mythos as a major biographical Leiber had been the model of dis-
source. But with Barton Levi St. cretion ("I believe it is a mistake
Armand's Roots of Ho rror in the to regard the beings of the Cthulhu
Fiction of H. P. Lovecraft one year Mythos as sophisticated equivalents
down the road and S. T. Joshi's of the entities of Christian demon-
H. P. Lovecraft: Four Decades of ology"), Tierney dared to point the
Criticism another three, the best finger: "If one wants to get to the
critical work was still appearing in heart of what Lovecraft felt about
the amateur magazines, especially the cosmos, one must sidestep Der-
Harry Morris and Edward Berg- leth and his followers." Not sur-
lund's Nyctalops (from which four prisingly, in this new edition,
of the essays in Schweitzer's col- Schweitzer has dropped "The (Bas-
lection are taken ) tard) Children of Hastur," in which
Coming into this type of envi- Marion Zimmer Bradley described
ronment, Essays Lovecr aftian was her outrage at seeing what "Love-
probably the first comprehensive craft-Derleth had done" to Bierce-
attempt to deal seriously with the Chambers Hastur and viewed Love-

many aspects of Lovecraft the writ- craft's fiction through the perspec-
er (although one might make the tive of Derleth's black magic"
same case for Penny and Meade quote.
Frierson's 1972 tribute HPL ) Much as Mosig's and Tierney's
In the original introduction. essays anticipated the two major
'Ill / Crypt of Cthulhu

approaches of Lovecraft criticism In the early 70s, when the Rob-

for the decade following them, the ert E. Howard glut was in full
one new essay Schweitzer has swing and it seemed Donald Grant
added, S. T. Joshi's "Textual hardcovers were only days ahead of
Problems in Lovecraft," might be their mass marketing by Ace and
called the beacon of future Love- Zebra, it wasn't unusual to find
craft criticism. Joshi's article Howard's name in smaller print on
chronicles the many problems he the paperback covers than the re-
encountered working his way back minder that the book was written
through textual variants perpe "By the Creator of Conan."
trated by Lovecraft himself, his This brand of guilt by associa-
editors and his typists, as well as tion is one of the tackiest of mar-
the peculiarities in the autograph keting ploys, and it's one that
and typed manuscripts used to Howard fans have learned to endure
prepare the revised, corrected for the sake of getting cheap edi-
Arkham House texts. Any Love- tions of his lesser known works.
craft scholar presently demurring But it did (and continues to do)
over whether to shell out yet again Howard a disservice by refusing to
for the complete works should read let his stories stand or fall on their
this essay. individual merits. It encouraged
The other ten essays are still readers, and apparently many crit-
salient. Lovecraft's letter to Alvin ics, to view the entire bulk of
Earl Perry (excerpted as "Story Howard's fiction through a bifocal
Writing") is his personal (and more perspective, one in which his sto-
credible) equivalent of Poe's "Phi- ries break down simply into those
losophy of Composition." George that Conan and those that
deal with
Wetzel finds the "Genesis of the do not
Cthulhu Mythos" in Lovecraft's The result was that many read-
early passion for Greek deities, and ers who knew Howard only through
Schweitzer finds specific Dunsanian Conan lumped together Kull, Bran
references in Lovecraft's stories Mak Morn and even Solomon Kane
that correlate with his reading list as lesser incarnations of his su-
("Lovecraft and Lord Dunsany"). preme heroic figure. The effect of
Schweitzer's "Character Gullibility Conan-ization on people who picked
in Weird Fiction, or Isn't Yuggoth up books of Howard's horror and
Somewhere in Upstate New York?" nonfantasy fiction can only be sur-
and Bob Weinberg's "H. P. Love- mised, but it's worth noting that
craft and Pseudomathematics" take very few of those books are still
two different approaches to the in print. Using the Conan tag to
problem of verisimilitude in Love- sell collections like The Dark Man
craft. Schweitzer argues in favor or the amusing Breckenridge Elkins
of Lovecraft's unbelievably thick- westerns makes about as much
headed protagonists, noting that sense as telling a reader that if he
any rational human being would re- liked Lovecraft's The Case of
act the same way if confronted with Charles Dexter Ward he'll love The
the same horrors. Weinberg shows Dre am-Quest of Unknown Kadat h
that Lovecraft's mathematics, It was with an eye (or, in this
though convincing, were often as case, with a pair of eyes) upon the
much fantasy as his eldritch tomes. homogenization of Howard that Marc
A good basic reading list and in- Cerasini and Chuck Hoffman wrote
dex have been appended. Robert E. Howard: Starmont Read -
e rs Guide #35, and if the book
Marc A. Cerasini and Charles doesn't heave up some of the bed-
Hoffman, Robe rt E. Howard: Star - rock underlying the mindset against
mont Reader's Guide 35 1987, 156
, Howard, it won't be for lack of
pages. $9.95. trying. It's an admirable contribu-
tion to Howard studies, one that
(Reviewed by Stefan Dziemianowicz has something to offer both the
Hallowmas 1987 / 45

long time Howard fan and the new vidual character whose personality
reader who wants to know what is shaped by a distinct ideology:
all the fuss is about. Considering "Bran Mak Morn is the political
the defensive posture many embat- man, the man whose abiding con-
tled Howard enthusiasts assume, cern is affecting change in the
the authors are also to be com- social order. Solomon Kane is the
mended for showing Howard great religious man, the man of faith.
respect without ever becoming his His concern is not with the tempo-
apologists ral world but with the advancement
Cerasini's and Hoffman's objec- of human spirit. Kull is the think-
tive is very simple: without deny- ing man, the philosopher concerned
ing the larger patterns behind with the true nature and purpose
Howard's fiction, they hope to re- of the universe who endeavors to
store a degree of individuality to discern it through his reasoning
his stories and characters so as faculty" (p. 98).
to make more open-minded appraisal To further distinguish them from
of them possible. That's a lot one another, the authors show how
easier said than done for someone each character's particular experi-
who wrote as much and for so many ences change him. For Bran, it is
markets as did Howard. To have a change for the worse. In "Worms
broken his stories down strictly by of the Earth," the last tale of his
genre would have meant squeezing saga, he learns too late that "by
too much into some categories and giving vent to all that was base and
making too much out of too little in ignoble within him" for the sake
others. Even a relatively chrono- of his people, he has betrayed
logical treatment would have been his humanity. Kane fares better,
out of the question, considering the giving up the self-consuming fanati-
bibliographic hash Howard made out cism that drives him through his
of the last four years of his life. first adventure, "Red Shadows,"
Faced with the problem of finding for "faith unrestricted by dogma"
the proper critical balance for their in "The Footfalls Within." Kull is
presentation, the authors decided virtually paralyzed by his quest for
that Howard's most significant con- objective truth in "The Shadow
tribution was his heroic fantasy. Kingdom" and "The Mirrors of Thu-
It's a judgment call, but one that zun Thune," but the chips finally
few would dispute. So each of fall into place for him when he be-
Howard's four major characters comes the man of action he is meant
gets his own chapter. That makes to be in "By This Axe Rule."

for 84 pages of text following the Such pliancy and fallibility, as

quick biographical sketch. noted by Cerasini and Hoffman,
For obvious reasons Conan gets make Howard's heroes seem far
a Conan-sized share of the book. more complex and interesting than
But if Bran Mak Morn, Solomon their usual cartoon rendering as
Kane and Kull get smaller chapters, warriors bent on proving only that
the amount of space given them is might makes right.
large in proportion to the amount If biographical parallels must be
Howard wrote on them. These drawn between Howard and his
chapters are three of the best heroes, need we assume that How-
studies of Howard's heroes I've ard subscribed wholeheartedly to
read anywhere, and they are inte- the philosophy expressed by any
gral to fully appreciating themes one of them? It should be remem-

and ideas that crop up in the bered that at the peak of his writ-
book's subsequent sections, espe- ing career Howard was only in his
cially the Conan chapter. 20s, an age when he must have
While Cerasini and Hoffman see been struck by many different ideas
Bran, Kane and Kull as evolution- about life. It's only natural that
ary steps toward Conan, they show he would try to work them out
that each of the three is an indi- through his fictional characters.
46 / Crypt of Ctliulhu

to how they would hold up un-

see more "correct" than those who tout
der circumstances different from his civilization as the apogee of human
own development. When all is said and
We do well to remember this done, Howard's opinion remains just
when reading the Conan chapter, that, an opinion. Albeit, one that
in which Cerasini and Hoffman sal- has also been voiced in some form
vage that infamous quote from "Be- by Freud, distinguished social
yond the Black River": "Civiliza- thinkers like Lewis Mumford and
tion is unnatural. It is a whim of David Riesman, and others.
circumstance. And barbarism must The last 30 pages of the book
ultimately triumph." Many critics are split up into general categories:
have pointed to this quote as the "Other Fantasies," "Horror Sto-
ultimate expression of Howard's ries," and "Other Prose and Po-
throwback mentality, without asking etry." There's no way the au-
what he meant by the terms "civili- thors could have dealt with every-
zation" and "barbarism." As the thing that might fall under those
authors show, throughout the saga, headings, and they don't try to.
but particularly in "Red Nails," the The greater portion of Howard's
last Conan story, Howard meant worst writing occurred outside of
that part of civilization that is a his heroic fantasy. This is ac-
stultifying influence, that distances knowledged, especially in the pages
individuals from the natural world, on Howard's Mythos fiction, in
overindulges them to the point that which "The Black Stone" is right-
they cannot distinguish needs from fully praised and the Lovecraftian
wants and finally turns them into a pastiches are quickly dismissed.
complacent herd. Barbarism as em- Cerasini and Hoffman don't waste
bodied by Conan is the direct an- space cataloging the more mediocre
tithesis to the herd mentality. In parts of Howard's legacy. Rather,
the face of civilization's travesties, they choose a standout story or two
Conan adheres to a self-determined from each genre to give the reader
code of ethics that seems more an idea of what Howard was capable
natural than that of his "civilized" of producing when he got an idea
enemies well suited to his style.
This is the basis of the authors' While suspect that not every

well-argued view of Conan as an reader will agree with the authors'

existential hero. But this is also conclusion that Howard deserves
an expression of the spirit of rug- the same critical attention given
ged individualism, a spirit Howard fantasists like Borges, C. S. Lewis
obviously identified with. As Cera- and even Lovecraft, it is hard af-
sini and Hoffman point out, Howard ter reading this book not to dis-
was a self-made man who took pride agree with those who write Howard
in having physically renovated him- off as a hack writer of superficial
self and set himself apart from the entertainment. Howard was a rare
crowd by becoming the first writer exception among pulp writers,
from the Post Oaks region. Living someone who could give depth to
where and when he lived, he was stock characters and scenes. He
still very much in contact with peo- stood just enough apart from all
ple who lived through the frontier the rest to be worthy of our atten-
days. At the same time, thanks to tion. Books like this one are the
the Texas oil boom, he was able to kind of attention he deserves.
observe a civilized industrial soci-
ety's onslaught against the final Dago n #1 8/19 (Carl Ford, 11

vestiges of that individualist spirit. Warwick Road, Twickenham, Mid-

Nevertheless, don't know how
I dlesex TW2 6SW, England), 78 p. ,

wise it is for the authors to iden- $6.00 ppd. (cash only).

tify shortcomings of civilization and
(Reviewed by Stefan Dziemianowicz
draw generalizations that make it
seem that Howard's point of view is Don't ask why we had to wait
Hallowmas 1987 / 97

for the British to give T. E. D. reader the most, though, was his
Klein the attention he should have professed impatience to write some-
gotten in this country long ago. thing outside of the horror genre.
In the time it takes to answer the As the critical essays demonstrate,
question, this special double-issue much of the power of Klein's fiction
of Dagon will sell out and you'll derives from elements that are not
have missed the opportunity to get specific to the genre.
the most at present, the only- In "The Events at Poroth Farm'
comprehensive consideration of the and the Literature of Horror,"
author whose works editor Carl T. S. T. Joshi shows how the protago-
Ford ranks "among the best pieces nist's encyclopedic discussion of his
of horror fiction to have emerged summer reading is used to reveal
during the past 20 years." that "for all of Jeremy's literary
It's true that Klein has made sophistication, he is naive about
such a tribute difficult until now. life: hate and evil do exist in the
He's neither very public nor pro- world; they are not mere literary
lific, having written in 15 years artifice." Jeremy is a familiar fig-
only as many stories as can be ure, someone wtio builds a comfort-
counted on two hands and one ten- able world out of received wisdom,
tacle. But the general quality of only to have it shattered by a per-
his work is enough to make you sonal experience that doesn't fit
wish that other authors would fol- the design. The title character of
low his habits. As the essays in "Nadelman's Cod" is Jeremy's oppo-
this magazine show, in spite of site. As Peter Cannon observes in
Klein's small output there is much "Klein's Cod," Nadelman is a man
worth writing about in his fiction. whose accumulated experience has
And because his fiction is at a still created paralyzing doubts about
manageable volume, it's possible for how to confront a part of himself.
a magazine this size at this time to Klein himself notes in the interview
do his contribution to the genre that "Black Man with a Horn" came
justice (although inevitably someone from his thoughts on how sad it
is going to have to write somethi ng must be for a member of the Love-
about the three stories he wrote craft Circle to be remembered not
between "The Events at Poroth for his own work, but for having
Farm" and Petey"). The added been a friend of Lovecraft's. What
weight of a bio, bibliography, in- worse fate for such a person than
terview, several wonderful pieces to die as a character caught up in
of artwork by Dave Carson, Allen a Lovecraft story?
Koszowski, and Cahan Wilson and In all of these stories, un-extra-
two pieces of Klein's fiction make ordinary hopes and fears that could
this issue of Dagon a cornerstone be found in any other type of fic-
for all future Klein studies. tion are what give rise to the ex-
If you're not into the role-play- traordinary events. They serve as
ing game that Mark Morrison has a point of reference for the reader:
created specially from Klein's works if you recognize enough of yourself
(and Ford is to be commended for in Jeremy and Nadelman, you may
not editing Klein's comments on his feel as vulnerable as they do and
general dislike of such games be- see the horrors that befall them as
cause they reduce the fiction be- a glimpse into the terrifying possi-
hind them to a formula), the cen- bilities of everyday existence. This
terpiece of Dago n 18/19 is the in- is what Al Sarrantonio was getting
terview, which is considerably more at when he recently described
upbeat than t fie one Klein gave Klein's stories as "good New Yor ker
Doug Winter in Faces of Fear. Klein stories with the heebie-jeebies
talks engagingly about his editor- thrown in for free."
ship at T wi light Zone, his past ern Other essays focus more on
ployment and his personal beliefs. Klein's technique as a storyteller.
The comment that struck this Bob Price's "Lovecraft's Influence
48 / Crypt of Cthulhu

on T. E. D. Klein" and Mark Val- (Reviewed by Stefan Dziemianowicz

entine's '"The Ceremonies' and
If your idea of a campus science
Themes from Arthur Machen" point fiction magazine is a stapled double-
out correspondences between Klein's sized photocopy of a third-genera-
work and that of his two more con- tion mimeograph, than send three
spicuous mentors. In "T. E. D.
dollars off to Colgate University for
Klein's Images of Terror," an ex- little education. The Mag e is as
tension of his essay "The Hints well produced as most semiprofes-
and Portents
of T. E. D. Klein,"
sional magazines, and the Winter
Steve Mariconda notes how Klein
issue tops off its less than memora-
introduces and repeats certain im- ble student fiction with two articles
ages to subtly foreshadow the final of interest to Lovecraftians
horror. Never one without sur- In "H. P. Lovecraft: Problems in
prises, Ramsey Campbell states in Critical Recognition," Peter H. Can-
a brief foreword that it was Klein's
non addresses Lovecraft's imprison-
review of Demon s by Dayligh t that ment in the limbo between popular
gave him the courage to make a and critical acceptance. Cannon
full-time career of writing.
considers two diametrically opposed
The deleted chapter from The reviews of S. T. Joshi's corrected
Ceremonie s reprinted here should
Arkham House editions that ap-
be read immediately after Bob heavyweight
peared recently in
Price's essay. One of the imper- publications, extends his powers
sonal interludes used to establish
of observation to Lovecraft's treat-
the novel's cosmic context, it de-
ment at the hands of serious critics
tails the myths surrounding the and mainstream authors, and con-
worm Uroboros, the snake with its
trasts Lovecraft's predicament to
tail in its mouth, who figures so The es-
that Edgar Allan Poe.
prominently in the story. In a few
say little new information,
short paragraphs, Klein traces the
but Cannonis both fair and thor-
history of the myth, showing how
ough in his argument.
through the ages the worm has Wood En-
In "Frank Utpatel:
been interpreted as both creator
graver," Roger Cerberding air-
and destroyer and how it has bored
brushes out most of the warts that
into man's racial memory to express
other writers on Utpatel and his
itself in ways he does not recog- relationship with August Derleth
nize. "But the accounts were there,
and Arkham House have described
for anyone to see," he notes, tip-
in detail. But this appreciation is
ping his hand to Lovecraft. "They
illustrated with nine of Utpatel's
had never been a secret. You just
engravings, some from his early
had to know where to look."
regionalist work, along with the
The other piece of fiction, "Well- cover for Derleth's Someone in the
Connected," is a revision of a sto- Dark and several illustrations for
ry "Hagendorn's House") that ap-

T he Fungi from Yuggo th. These

peared earlier this year in a non- of the
alone are worth the price
genre magazine (C ountry Inns #1).
It's a different type of story for
Klein, one that grapples with a
menace on a smaller scale. (Yet a The Curse. Directed by David
further revised version of this KeitFTj Screenplay by David Chas-
story is scheduled to appear in kin. A Transworld Entertainment
Weird Tales). Release. 100 mins.

(Reviewed by Stefan Dziemianowicz)

The Mag e. The Colgate Uni-
versity Journal of Fantasy and Sci- This is a test.
ence Fiction, Winter 1987. (Colgate The story opens with sensitive
University, Student Association Of- Zach Crane (Wil Wheaton, late of
fice, Hamilton, NY 13346), $3.00 last year's sleeper Stand by Me )

postpaid being taunted by Cyrus (Malcolm

Hallowmas 1987 / 49

Danare). When Nathan Hayes Whateley type?)

(Claude Akins) steps in to break it The Cur se gets the dissolving
up, spouting the biblical virtues of meteorite right, regurgitates a few
brotherly love, Zach spits back that lines from Lovecraft, and is actu-
Cyrus isn't really his brother nor ally fairly good in showing the
is Nathan his father, whereupon slow ooze into madness and decay
stepdad Nathan shows his paternal that afflicts anyone who comes into
concern with a solid right cross. prolonged contact with the animals,
Later, back at the farmhouse, Na- vegetables, and minerals out of
than proves to be a fundamentalist Nahum Gardner's uh excuse me,

Bible-thumper who is so frigid that Nathan Hayes' back yard. But in

Zach's Mom (Kathleen Jordan Greg- The Curse the meteorite is really

ory) has to get it on with the hired sent to earth just to tie the sub-
hand. As they consummate their plots together.
illicit passion, a fireball comes In addition to the domestic ten-
screaming out of the sky and im- sion of the broken (and soon to be
beds itself in the Crane farm's mangled) family, there's a conspir-
lower-forty, along with the rest of acy going on between the sleazy
the spring planting. local real estate agent (Steve Davis)
Question: Before this movie is and the misguided local physician
over, how many of these folks will (Cooper Huckabee) to buy up all
die gruesome deaths? the real estate in Tellico Plains be-
Bonus question: What story is cause the Tennessee Valley Author-
this scenario based on? ity wants to dig a reservoir there.
If your answer to the first ques- So what we have are some really
tion was "Most of the above," then interesting character motivations:
you are a true veteran of the mod- Nathan won't say anything about
ern horror movie, in which sex the effect the meteorite is having
equals death and even the most in- on his family because he's con-
human of monsters shows a moral vinced that it's God's retribution
sense by slaughtering everybody for his lustful wife's sins. Other
who deserves it. If your answer characters who know better want to
to the bonus question was "The keep the meteorite hush-hush out
Colour out of Space," then you of fear that an environmental impact
have learned from experience that statement will make the TVA inves-
as the silly season of fall film re- tigator (John Schneider) change his
leases approaches, all is fair in plans. By the time they all realize
love and Lovecraft adaptations. they've misread the situation,
In all fairness. The Curse prob- they're too far gone to do anything
ably gets as much of the story about it.
right as did the 1963 adaptation This is a better plotted back-
Die, Monster, Die (aka Monster of drop than one usually sees in this
Terror ) . That movie struck a type of movie, and if one can over-
balance between its pros and cons. look some of the inconsistencies
If it turned Lovecraft's story into (the doctor just happened to learn
a mad doctor number, it at least something about meteorites at med
created a thoroughly chilling view school and has a geiger counter in
of the blasted heath and captured his house) and concessions to gra-
some of the extraordinary atmos- tuitous grossness (fruit and animals
phere that makes "The Colour out from the farm develop a fulminant
of Space" one of Lovecraft's best infestation of roaches and ring-
pieces of fiction. If it was so box- worms), the movie works better
office conscious as to create a love than most. The problem is that
interest for star Nick Adams, it under such circumstances who
also had the good sense to cast needs the meteorite? The only
Boris Karloff as the family patri- purpose it serves is to get the
arch. (Was there ever an actor so characters to wear their inner tem-
perfectly suited to play a Wizard peraments on their sleeves (and
50 / Crypt of Cthulhu

pants, and those of everyone else

with whom they come into contact).
It just hastens events that are
waiting to happen anyway, acting OTHER CRYPTIC PUBLICATIONS
as a sort of deus ex yecchina that
dresses all the victims up with new Shudder Stories #1 . . . . $4.00
and interesting forms of acne. Shudder Stories #2 . . . $4.00
The central terror of Lovecraft's Shudder Stories #3 . . . . $4.00
story derives from the inexplicabili- Shudder Stories #4 . . . . $4.00
ty of the meteorite. Where it came Shudder Stories #6 . . . . $4.50
from and why it has the effect it Shudder Stories #7 . . . . $4.50
has will never be known. It's not
only a lesson in humility about
Risque Stories #1 ... . . $4.00
man's limited knowledge and per-
Risque Stories #2 ... . . $4.00
ceptions, it's a warning of the un-
Risque Stories #3 ... . . $4.00
fathomable terrors that lurk outside
Risque Stories #5 ... . . $4.50
of the sphere of the knowable that The Cominq of El Borak
man believes is impenetrable and by Robert E. Howard $5.00 . .

secure. But how do you describe Two-Fisted Detective Stories

a terror that supersedes the lan- by Robert E. Howard $4.50 . .

guage's capacity to describe it? The Adventures of Lai Sinqh

Lovecraft managed it by distancing by Robert E. Howard $3.00 . .

the certainty of what happens, Pay Day by Robert E.

having an event that occurred Howard . . $3.50
years before come to his attention Lewd Tales by Robert E.
through the ramblings of a madman. Howard . . $4.00
Even so, he still used the device
Chromlech: The Journal of
of a color not like any colors of the
Robert E. Howard Criti
known spectrum to drive his point
cism . . $3.50
home. Thisis tough to pull off in
a visual medium where everything, Lurid Confessions #1 . . . . $4.00
including the horrible, has to have
Astro-Adventures #2 . . . . $4.50
a contingency with the familiar.
So by giving Lovecraft's ideas sec- Tales of Lovecraftian
ondary director Keith and
status, Horror . . $4.00
screenwriter Haskin actually made a
Revelations from Vuqqoth . $4.50
wise choice. It's to their credit
that they neither use the original Verses Dedicatory by
story title nor play up the affili- Lord Dunsany, Lin
ation with Lovecraft as much as Carter (ed. ) . . $2.00
other recent adaptations.
History 6 Chronoloqy of
The Curse is a two-week won-
the Book of Eibon by
der, something that will play the
Lin Carter . . $1.00
minimum time at small theatres be-
fore becoming VCR fodder. It's
enjoyable if you can accept it on
its own terms, but there's no need Outside of USA and Canada, add
to rush out and see it. If you do, $1.00 per booklet for postage.
take comfort in the irony that the Pay in U. S. funds.
filmmakers have precluded the pos-
sibility of a sequel to a Lovecraft
story that ends virtually calling for
Hallowmas 1987 / 51

Reading through the last six Black Lotus." The best single
issues, I'm surprised how really story in any issue is Ligotti's "Vas-
good the magazine is, and I mean tarien" which in fact exceeds in
in contrast to many small horror merit anything I've seen in any
magazines. wonder how you man-
I other magazine except something
age to keep it such a "good ol else by Ligotti. was very I

boys" thing, 99.9% Guys writing charmed by your "Lovecraft's Let-

99.9% about Guys, when W eird ters to Santa Claus."
Tales and even Arkham House pub- I wonder if your readers have
lished MANY women, and when the heard of Jorge Luis Borges' The
field is wide open for women at this Book of Sand which includes
time. Most of the new little horror Borges' pastiche of Lovecraft,
magazines are edited by women. "There Are More Things." Borges
About half the finest writers for calls HPL "an unconscious parodist
them are women, though women of Poe" which will annoy many
make up only about 30% of the con- fans, but if you think about it,
tents generally. I'd have thought it's a very close description of
the days when a journal like Whis - HPL's style, and very astute. More
pers could run five issues in a important, though, is that one of
row without a single female voice the world's finest authors of this
were over, and do think this is
I century thought HPL worthy of
a flaw in Crypt not to deny the
, imitation
merits of most that js featured. Jessica Amanda Salmonson
It's just that given that historically Seattle, WA
women have contributed to the
field, and presently women con- Cthulhuvian chauvinism? A se-
tribute significantly to the field, a rious charge! It deserves a re-
magazine devoid of women is obvi- sponse. First, should note that

ously contributing less than it we have had a few women writers

should or could. And think that, I in Crypt of Cthulhu Carolyn Lee

subconsciously or otherwise, an Boyd, Denise Dumars, Donna

editor has to try mighty hard to Death, Eileen McNamara, Morgana
feature so few women. Most such LaVine, Tani Jantsang, Bernadine
magazines have a small "gratis" list Bosky, and Mollie Burleson. Yet
of professionals and much-sought of course the vast preponderance
contributors: look at yours and of writers are male. This is cer-
count the percentage of women. tainly not by conscious design.
Most magazines of merit, and yours Second, you should keep in mind
certainly is, get that way by tar- that many or most of our articles
geting contributors; check your are produced by the same small
letter file to see how many women crew: me, Will Murray, S. T.
you've contacted. There are a Joshi, Steve Mariconda, Marc Cera-
million tiny "turns" an editor makes sini, Peter Cannon, etc. So while
in the course of a year and it is at a huge number of articles are male-
every one of those turns that the authored, it is not guite true that
magazine's shape takes form, and there is a huge number of males
the hoary excuse "I wasn't sent doing the writing. Still, there are
anything by women" is not suffi- obviously far more men than women
cient. I've not seen all your issues behind the pens. Why is this?
though and perhaps this run of six I have always thought that Love-
is some kind of fantastic fluke; craftian horror has more appeal to
why do doubt it?
I men (or at least males most of us :

Lin Carter has written you some seem to have been adolescents when
excellent stuff. I liked especially we discovered HPL) than to women.
"Behind Mask" and the effec-
the Not that thought it should be that

tively decadent "Dreams of the way, mind you, though can cer- I
52 / Crypt of Cthulhu

tainly see how women might be cool If any women have felt somehow
towards so misogynist a writer as unwelcome in our pages, regret I

HPL whose very few female charac- this and herewith invite you to
ters are malevolent figures (in "The contribute! In fact, may invite I

Thing on the Doorstep," "The Hor- you, Jessica, to do an article on

ror at Red Hook," and "Medusa's the women of Weird Tales (as Mary-
Coil"). What led me to believe that anne Snyder suggested last issue)?
Lovecraft attracts mostly males is And perhaps another sometime on
reader data: something like 95% women ghost story writers?
of our subscribers are male, and Robert M. Price
subscribers count for about one-
fifth of our total circulation and In #45 you
published a letter
thus form a statistically significant from Michael Lotus which expressed
sample. get the impression that
I exactly my own feelings about
of all letter writers to "Mail Call of Crypt Mr. Lotus said he con-

Cthulhu" about the same percentage siders Crypt "the centerpiece of

holds. Certainly the same is true [his] ongoing interest in the whole
for our submissions. HPL scene" and treasures it espe-
You say that there is a much cially for the sense of community
larger percentage of women involved and friendship it gives him. I'm
in today's horror field than these one of those readers who enjoys the
percentages would suggest. Thus Review and Letter Column, perhaps
perhaps I as editor am somehow more than the articles, because
skewing things. Perhaps so, but they keep me in touch with other
I don't know how. You mention fans
our listof complimentary copies It looks like David Schultz has
sent to professionals and intended scored a remarkable coup by defi-
contributors. Yes, we have such nitely identifying the exact pas-
a list, but it is composed of those sage, in Harold Farnese's April 11
who have written critically or cre- letter Derleth, that inspired the
atively in the Lovecraftian field al- apocryphal "Black Magic" quote
ready and thus are naturally liable ( Crypt #48).Evidently building on
to be interested in Crypt can't I William Fulwiler's ground-breaking
help it if there aren't more women. research in Crypt #46 (which was,
What Iam suggesting is that the in turn, inspired by the pioneering
representation of women and men work of Richard L. Tierney and
both among readers and writers of Dirk Mosig), Schultz finally located
Crypt reflects the proportionate in- a passage by Farnese that is virtu-
terest of both sexes rather than ally identical to the infamous Quote
magnifying the one at the expense That Never Was. believe this will

of the other. come to be regarded as one of the

If my perception is correct, how outstanding moments in Lovecraft
to square it with your impression scholarship, a signal contribution
of a greater number of women in made possible by the communal
the horror field? can only guess
I efforts of four dedicated and re-
that while more women find horror sourceful critics. There's a genu-
fiction in general to their liking, ine excitement, almost like the
less women enjoy the misogynist Thrill of the Chase, in following the
HPL in particular. You are refer- course of this persevering literary
ring to women editing and writing detective work.
for horror magazines with a wider I'm quite unhappy to learn you
focus than the Mythos/ Lovecraft- are changing your policy on fiction
fixated Crypt so my reading of the
, and soliciting submissions from
facts would seem to be consistent readers. Judging from the letters
with your observation. in "Mail-Call" I'm in the minority
Having said all that, let me now here, but to me, no passage from
say that would heartily welcome
I the abhorrent Necronomicon or any
more women writers (and readers!). other eldritch tome could be more
Hallowmas 1987 / 53

frightening than the dreaded Thanks the

for latest Crypt .

words, "Next time . . . all-fiction Filled, as usual, with wonderful

issue !
stuff, including that touching Long
I think the reason I'm so dis- piece on the migrating birds. And
mayed by new policy is
the that maybe that letter- writer's suspi-
supernatural/horror tales are al- cion that work only by the light

ready available in literally dozens of the full moon will get me writing
of diverse publications books mag- , again.
azines, and fanzines but we have
T. E. D. Klein
only two regular sources of quality New York, NY
HPL. criticism. just don't believe

we need another forum for horror I've just read Fat Face by
fiction particularly of the "fan Michael Shea. It was fun, interest-
Mythos" variety. (I can't resist ing, a real novelty. It held my in-
the nasty crack, "Anyone who so- terest and was quite entertaining.
licits Mythos stories from fanzine I was lucky in that read the

readers deserves everything he preface last. First, Wagner's re-

gets!") Maybe wouldn't be quiteI marks, that this story was cosmic-
so disturbed if you were going to ally horrible seemed ludicrous; I

publish new stories in a separate was not horrified in the least, any
magazine devoted solely to fiction, more than am horrified when

but, speaking,
selfishly printing read entomological studies of how
them in Crypt necessarily means insects or other life forms devour
less space for the articles and de- one another. The moment realized I

partments read the mag for.

I why Wagner found the story so
Now want to dole out some
I horrible, I suddenly found the sto-
lavish, long -overdue praise to ry utterly disgusting, sleazy and
Stefan Dziemianowicz for "New Tales decadent. Wagner virtually ruined
of the Marvellous and the Ridicu- the story for me. Even the humor
lous" way back in Crypt #40. It and fun evaporated. This is be-
was superb one of the top three
! cause Wagner apparently finds pro-
or four most important articles you tein assimilation and digestion by
ever published, right up there biological organisms of even the
alongside some of your own work, most bizarre sort horrible when
S. T. Joshi's, and Steve Maricon- linked up with sexuality which he
da's "H. P. Lovecraft, Prose Styl- thinks is in the story!, and is a
ist." I seepart of a vital
it as source of horror for him If Shea

sub-species of Lovecraft criticism intended this, as Wagner would

that originated with Richard Tier- have led me to believe had read I

ney's now-classic essay, "The Der- his preface first, the story would
leth Mythos." I'd like to coin the have been disgusting, but not hor-
term "Mythos-bashing" to describe ror, least of all cosmic horror. Be-
this branch of badly-needed, cor- ing innocent of Wagner's preface,
rective criticism which is essentially the idea of a shoggoth being
a protest against the trivializing of strapped into a rubber suit to hold
the Cthulhu Mythos. "New Tales" his human form is quite funny,
said things that have needed saying original and entertaining. guess I

for a long time. I'm sure there are Wagner would not have found the
other readers like me who have story cosmically horrible if the vic-
shuddered {with disgust not tim was a Professor of Oriental
fright!) at these puerile efforts and Studies from Miskatonic University,
realized they are "nonliterary say a Professor Jonathan Wilcox.
dreck," without being able to say Wagner seems to suggest in his
precisely why. Well, now Stefan D. preface that HPL and Poe and other
has eloquently said it for us, iden- masters missed whole sources of
tifying and analyzing their defects cosmic horror by limiting their vic-
in gratifying detail. tims to students, professors, etc.,
-Jeff Newman, Jersey City, NJ and not including hookers. This
54 / Crypt of Cthulhu

adds nothing to the story, except fess it was all perversely deliber-
perhaps in Wagner's own mind . ate .

Wagner's preface to Shea's story --Richard L. Tierney

does the story a great injustice. Mason City, IA
Philip Obed Marsh
North Swamp, England found Crypt #49 to be one of

the most critically satisfying have I

Ifound myself rather mystified read. pay Marc Cerasini's efforts


reading Donald Burleson's decon- in "Thematic Links in Arthur Cor -

structionist treatment of "The Out- don Pym At the Mountains of Mad -

sider" in Crypt of Cthulhu #48. ness and Moby Dick " thi highest
(Articles like this might be more tribute know when I say it has I

appropriate in L ovecraft Studies . induced me to go back and reread

But I think did manage
Burleson my Poe. Lovecraft's notes for "The
to get me looking at Lovecraft's Pool" are amazing. The context he
symbolism with a new eye. For creates for a story idea that was
instance, isn't it beautifully symp- not even his own (although it all
tomatic of HPL's dizzying disloca- but becomes his own by the end)
tion of reality that the character points out what think is a funda- I

receives perceptions through the mental difference between his work

wrong senses? The Outsider be- and that of his followers. Stories
holds a reflection in a glass, but by Derleth (especially) and others
it is finally by touching the mir - read like single ideas blown up to
ror ,not seeing jj_, that he recog- larger (and not always suitable)
nizes his own image! proportions. Lovecraft's, on the
Abner Mozingo other hand, condensed down.
Hog Holler, NC Maybe one reason why Love-
this is
craft's stories have a greater im-
Haven't done more than to take pact they have the weight of a
a cursory look at the latest Crypt , world of thought compressed into
which just came, but it amazes me them. Most of what he suggests
to think that it is issue #49 and to Talman would never have ap -
that the next issue will be issue peared in the story, but the uni-
#50. Fifty issues of Crypt Wow! ! fied framework he constructs would
There have been plenty of prozines have expressed itself in the story's
that never lasted to their fiftieth final effect.
issue, and you are to be heartily No one could accuse Lovecraft of
congratulated. I have read every being a romantic, but find that I

issue of Crypt from #1 to now, and the points Don Burleson makes in
almost always enjoyed what was I his deconstruction of "The Out-
reading. And that goes for all sider" show Lovecraft to be an
your satellite publications, too! anti-romantic with a vengeance. I

Long may you wave. think specifically of the 19th cen-

Lin Carter tury notion that as we mature our
Montclair, NJ experiences make us more self-
conscious and distance us from our
Many thanks for C rypt #49. I un-self-conscious lives as children,
especially enjoyed the Pym, Milton when we are more in harmony with
and Melville articles, not to mention the world around us. In "The Out-
the F. B. Long article on Poe. sider," Lovecraft seems to subvert
Clad to read, in #48, that the the ideas expressed in poems like
mystery of HPL's "witchcraft" quote Wordsworth's "Intimations of Immor-
is finally cleared up. tality." To wit, a man reflects
was tickled to see that Kevin
I warmly on his days as a carefree
A. Ross noted the similarities be- child and finds in such meditations
tween Valerius Argonius of "The the strength to exist in as an adult
Curse of the Crocodile" and Baron who is aware he has lost that sense
Harkonnen of Dune. Yes, con- I of oneness with his world. His
Hallowmas 1987 / 55

quest for self-awareness is a heal- he had proved the continent's

ing one. In "The Outsider," you unity. But he couldn't see through
have a ghoul arriving at the reali- mile-thick ice.
zation that he is no longer a man. P. 49: Simon Newcomb and the
He too is cut off from his past, but airplane. He did not say it was im-
knowledge of a past he cannot re- possible, only that some new source
capture only taunts him. It offers of power, with a higher power-
no solace, only madness and tor- weight ratio, would have to be
ment. Furthermore, as Burleson found. The Otto-cycle gasoline
shows, it proves a distressing "in- engine proved the needed power
timation of mortality" for the rev- source.
ellers . P. 65: The habitat of the black
Idon't know that can agree I lotus. There is no use fussing
entirely with Phinas Kornegay's over this, because the name "lotus"
comments on Stuart Gordon's film has been applied to a dozen or so
of "From Beyond." do think that
I different plants, e.g., the jujubes,
if Gordon had put as much thought several Old World pond lilies, the
into the film as Kornegay put into date plum, 6c. If Hyborians and
his analysis of it, we might have other ancients were as careless in
had a better movie. And don't pay their nomenclature as moderns, and
that Curwen guy no nevermind. they probably were, we may assume
In spite knowledge,
of his take I that they applied "lotus" to any
everything he says with a grain of plant they liked.
salt. After all, he has a rather --L. Sprague de Camp
checkered past. Several of them, Villanova, PA
in fact.
Stefan Dziemianowicz Crypt #49 from the cool cover to
Union City, NJ the promise of "Next Time" was
pregnant with marvels.
Thanks for Crypt #49. Since It's too bad that H. Warner
nitpicking is a major motive for Munn burned his letters to HPL
writing to editors like your good when he came to the Northwest
self, permit me to pick a few: (he would shake his head sadly
P. 15: The unity of Antarctica. when telling of destroying the let-
I understand that, according to re- ters due to space limitations). On
cent expeditions, the question is a few occasions he mentioned that
still open. On the surface, Antarc- he was planning a sequel to Arthu r
tica forms one mass; but that sur- Gordon Pym got nowhere with it,

face is mostly ice and snow. There and passed it on to HPL. suspect

are indications that, beneath this that Lovecraft might have had this
covering, the land has depressions idea on his own, but didn't pursue
extending below sea level. If 7 it, knowing that Harold was at
maids with 7 mops swept away all work on it. never asked Harold

the ice and snow, these depressions if he kept what he had attempted
might prove channels sundering the of his sequel, but one doubts it.
continent into parts. If man suc- Cerasini's article was meaty and
ceeds by uncontrolled combustion in read very well. love articles of

causing enough greenhouse effect this type, showing as they do a

to meltthe ice cap, we may settle love of subject matter and a bub-
the question; but that would mean bling intellect.
enough rise in sea level by itself to Cannon and Quale both contrib-
divide the continent into islands. uted ideas and insights that ap- I

Forty years ago ghosted a I preciated and that testify to wide

book for a polar explorer, the late reading
Finne Ronne's A ntarctic Conquest One thing found interesting in

(Putnam, 1949). Ronne had headed the HPL postcard to Hornig is the
an Antarctic expedition with air- line, "I wish could call on Farns-

planes and returned convinced that worth Wright and come away with a
56 / Crypt of Cthulhu

regular job." It made me think of that the "good vs. evil" theme in
Grandpa's refusal to move to Chi- the Cthulhu Mythos wasn't com-
cago so as to edit Weird Tales. I pletely a creation of Derleth. Love-
wonder: if HPL tad accepted the ( craft did seem to use the Cthulhu
editorship, would he have included Mythos figures as actual evil en-
his own fiction in Weird Ta es ? Does l tities weaknesses in several
a gentleman publish his own fiction? stories: "The Shadow over Inns-
quite enjoyed Burleson's essay
I mouth" (where the Elder Sign is
on "The Outsider." His is an im- used), "The Call of Cthulhu," "The
pressive mind, and hope to see I Dunwich Horror," "The Dreams in
many such articles from him in the Witch House" (especially this
future issues. one), to a lesser degree in "The
I Rutherford's exquisite Haunter of the Dark" and several
"Edgar and Helen." of his revisions. Burleson's article
- Wilum Pugmire was a tad hard to work through in
Seattle, WA spots, but worth it. And of course
"R'lyeh Review" has me looking for
There is an additional Lovecraft- the new Bloch books. Then again
Poe allusion in At the Mo untains of that ad for Grue magazine has me
M adness not mentioned in Issue 49. looking for that as well.
Maybe it's been cited elsewhere, --Charles Garofalo
but the character named "Pabodie" Wayne, NJ
may be an allusion to Providence
poet William Jewett Pabodie, who Marc Cerasini's article was good
committed suicide by drinking prus- an excellent critical article; inter-
sic acid in 1870. He was Helen esting, illuminating, and not too
Whitman's friend and was Poe's al- contrived
most constant companion during his The "Miltonic Echoes" were good
visits here. He was a poet himself, but not too awfully convincing as
writing a number of moody grave- actual sources for HPL. A much
yard poems, and his name would better case could be made for Mil-
surely have been known to Love- tonic echoes in Clark Ashton Smith,
craft. Pabodie is the Rhode Island unquestionably particularly the
branch of the notable Peabody line. poems

Brett Rutherford Mr. Burleson's article reminds
Providence, Rl one of a joke: What do you get
when you cross Don Corleone with
My favorite Crypt #49
piece in a deconstructionist critic? An offer
was Lovecraft's recommendations on you can't understand. do like I

how to revise "The Pool." Marc A. this type of article, sort of, but I

Cerasini's linking of Poe, Lovecraft can't figure out quite what they are
and Melville and Peter H. Cannon's for .(Am alone on this?)

linking Lovecraft and Melville The short F. B. Long pieces

through a different path were were lovely; pleasant surprises. If
equally good, and downright fasci- more such exist, I'd like to see
nating. Carter's "From the Vaults them
of Yoh-Vombis" was even better "The Pool Recommendations" item
than usual. enjoyed Frank Long's
I was amazing! Clearly, hiring HPL
two pieces (how come "Migration of as a consultant/ghost writer was a
Birds" was not in the table of con- buck well spent!
tents? admit it was a minor piece,
I I'm glad to see the "Mail-Call of
half fantastic essay and half prose Cthulhu" as an interactive part of
poem in the manner of HPL's "What the magazine, a real forum for dis-
the Moon Brings" or "Nyarlatho- cussion, suggestion, and construc-
tep"). Thomas Quale's "The Blind tive criticism. Also glad to see
Idiot God, Miltonic Echoes in the strong positive response to "Vastar-
Cthulhu Mythos" did, like Pete ien." You certainly know what
Cannon's, seem to buttress the idea your readership wants.
Hallowmas 1987 / 57

That Wise and Fraser doesn't almost humorously ironic. The fron-
have either "The Yellow Sign" or tiers of Lovecraft scholarship con-
"Yellow Wallpaper" is pretty funny. tinue to be pushed outward.
It does seem like they ough t to - Will Murray
have been in there. Maybe Mr. North Quincy, MA
Carter could in a future column
give us his suggested one-volume The postcard and following com-
"greatest hits" lineup. Modern Li- mentary by S. T. Joshi was quite
brary giant size, of course! nice and enjoyable, as am both aI

Lots of interesting and worth- great Lovecraft and Hornig fan his
while advertisements this issue Fantasy Fan is great to read, if
truer sign of approbation don't I you can ever get ahold of it you
know of clearly Crypt is the place can really grasp the feel of fantasy
to see and be seen. fandom in the 'thirties.
Michael J Lotus
. Rutherford's poem was quite
Chicago, IL good, and because of its meaning,
depth and quality deserved a home
P. S. The (quite good) heavy metal
in your publication. But most of
band Metallica has a song on a re-
all, Ishould compliment your cover
cent record called "Call of K'tulu."
Alas, the song stinks!
minus the slightly sloppy press-
type and title-lettering. It would
have increased the art quality
Crypt 49: The cover is very greatly think if you would've used

good, and a nice idea to use the the title done by Fabian for #19 in-
limited edition portrait in this way. stead. But for all the bad, the
Letters column: as usual very in- focal point well made up for any
teresting, and in some of the scath- flaws.
ing remarks even seem to hearI Shawn Ramsey
echoes of HPL himself. Myself, I've Anderson, IN
never mastered the subtle art of
being quietly insulting. If think I I had ordered the Strange Com-
something smells yell shit! This I pany publication The Death of a
time found exploring Yoh-Vombis
I Gentleman and perused it, but only
vaults with Lin Carter completely when read Stefan Dziemianowicz's

enthralling. This is nice evocative review of it in Crypt #50 did some-

stuff; not as bitty as this column thing strike me: Dziemianowicz
has been in the past. The Cerasini notes how the articulate and liter-
article was as good as anything I've ary HPL was reduced to scribbling
read along these lines in many a pained phrases in a death-diary.
moon, as was the Peter H. Cannon Tragic yes, but somehow appropri-
piece. So all in all, a pretty good ate, too. How closely HPL's fate
issue. Now, if only you could get parallels that of his own character
hold of some decent DC (Dave Car- Robert Blake, who as his mon-
son) illos . . .? strous doom approached him across
Brian Lumley the storm-tossed Providence sky,
Devon, England could record in his journal only
"final frenzied jottings."
I was fascinated by Marc Cera- Phinas Kornegay
sini's "Thematic Links in Arthur Stump Swamp, NC
Gordon Pym At the Mountains of

Madness and Moby Dick ." The This is in reference to Lin Car-
stuff about the star-headed Old ter's "Dreams of the Black Lotus."
Ones being sea cucumbers was Lin Carter should brush up on his
brilliant! In a way, it makes Love- world history because there is a
craft's famous "Poor Old Ones! . . glaring chronological error in the
Radiates, vegetables, monstrosi- story. The second paragraph of
ties, star spawn whatever they chapter 2 has Alhazred seeing the
were, they were men!" quote seem wars of the crusaders (Frankish
58 / Crypt of Cthulhu

dogs) with Saladin as in the past. inable scenes from the various sto-
But Alhazred lived c. 700 A.D. in ries the Mythos, far better than
Yemen. In his time, the great Arkham House ever tried to. Often
Caliphate was burgeoning across I can picture from the
identify the
Africa and the Middle East and Per- text of a it invokes from
sia, and was about to thrust into memory. But when it has Chaug-
Spain. Saladin founded the Ayyu- nar Faugn strike a human pose
bid dynasty in 1169 A.D., over- (#82) or depicts Cthulhu with quite
throwing the Caliphate of Cairo. By human genitalia (#39) it falls short.
1169 A.D., the great Caliphate con- The cover of #28 was more appro-
sisted of Iraq only, the other Is- priate for your Risque Stories than
lamic regions being now under sep- here
arate dynasties and for the most I'm letting my name lapse from
part rejecting the Caliphate of Bag- Arkham House's mailing list because
dad's spiritual as well as its tempo- they have lapsed from their stated
ral authority. Unless Abdul Alhaz- purpose: keeping in print all the
red can be said to have been car- choice material of the original cir-
ried into the future by this potent cle. They let certain items go out
drug (and from his choice of of print and remain out of print
words, it's not probable), Lin Car- (such as a crucial pivotal essay by
ter showed carelessness here. Klarkash-Ton giving a nonflippant
Imight add that Carter's pur- family tree of Cthulhu, Hastur, and
ported excerpts from the Necronom - Tsathoggua as descendants of Aza-
icon and the Book of Eibon aren't thoth, and linking such to the Com-
likely to drive the reader raving moriom myth-cycle). Lin Carter
mad like the books so often do in drew upon this in a corrupted way
the stories. In fact, in "The Scroll in his "Xothic Lore." (This ge-
of Morloc," the transformed shaman nealogy appears in the (out of
of the Voormi is put to death in a print!) Mirage Press paperback
manner too hideous to even hint at, Planets and Dimensions by CAS.
but feel certain that Eibon would
I Editor]
have described it in all its anatomi- And when Lin Carter tossed in
cal detail, earning the book its the Yugg-ya worms, began to feel

reputation of horror. Instead, Lin that earth itself is now overloaded

Carter's Eibon is so considerate of with Cthulhu Mythos gods, ser-
his readers' sanity and stomachs vants, books, etc., just like Au-
that he omits the very details that gust Derleth felt that Arkham and
would have made the book the hor- environs was saturated with Cthu-
ror it's made out to be! It's things Ihuvian incidents when he advised
like these that annoy me. He did Ramsey Campbell to set his tales in
this in "The Higher Heresies of territory he was more familiar with.
Oolimar," the first chapter of a
Paul R. Wilson
never-completed tale, mentioning Bergenfield, NJ
but not describing a certain hid-
eous mutilation performed on re- I with great interest Marc
pentant "heretics": eluctidation Cerasini's excellent "Thematic Links
It sounds like a word in the dic- in Arthur Gordon Pym At the ,

tionary, but you will not find it. Mo untains of Madness and Moby ,

The nearest is "elucidation"; mak- Dick " in Crypt #89. Not the least
ing something clear, obvious. No of Mr. Cerasini's virtues is his
way that is a hideous mutilation. I willingness to acknowledge previ-
wish Carter would stop being so ously published critical work, a
squeamish! He's acting like Charles scholarly courtesy that ought to be
Dexter Ward did when he finally more often observed in Lovecraft
realized what he was up to his neck studies. While his arguments have
in too late. persuaded me that there are more
C rypt of Cthu lhu has consistent- important linking details between
ly excelled in depicting the unimag- Pym and ATMOM than, say, cer-
Hallowmas 1987 / 59

tainly I suggested in my brief and up the big 50th number of Crypt .

superficial treatment of the subject Hope, like Alf Landon (or Lands-
in Crypt #32 (I was especially taken downe as HPL him), we'll
with his comments on the Dyer- all be around to enjoy the 100th!
Danforth pairing and the notion
Peter H Cannon

that HPL found a major source for New York, NY

the Old Ones in the sea cucumbers
as described in Pym ) , remain I Crypt#50! Wow, hard to be-
skeptical that the thematic similari- lieve! 50. Congratulations are in
ties are anything very significant. order, and this issue shows what
In the typical longer Lovecraft tale, makes Crypt so special. What a
whether it be "The Whisperer in fascinating look at the very begin-
Darkness," "The Shadow over Inns- nings of one who is now a major
mouth," or "The Shadow out of force in the horror fiction field.
Time," the protagonist is threatened Thanks to you, and to Ramsey
by madness, undergoes a crisis Campbell for allowing its publica-
involving a discovery of Self, ex- tion. I liked the shoggoth yarn
periences a sense of man's dimin- the best, though "The Devil's Cart"
ished place in the universe, etc. with its classic line about "the
To put it another way, suspect I afore-mentioned skeleton" will long
HPL would've expressed the same linger in my mind, as they say in
world view in ATMOM had he never the ol' pulp letter columns.
read Pym .
Dan Gobbett
Am looking forward to picking Riverdale, MD

$5.00 plus .90 Fungoid Press

postage to: P.O.Box 8014
l.owe 1 1 , Ma .



4 of the Cthulhu Codex will be available for

November first. 1987. Once
the best of Mytlios fiction is presented in a handsome package
with each
aga i n
story handsomely illustrated with full page plates. Contributors will include:
Henry Vester III. Pierre Comtois. David Daniel. Paul Bastienne, Robert Price.
R. J.Zimmerman, Robert Doyle Holt. Shawn Ramsey and others. Art will be by
Gregor io Montejo, C. George Porter and Henry J. Vester Jr.
(.0 / ('ryf)t of Cthulhu

The first publication from the press since

Ray Bradbury's The Aqueduct was issued in September of 1979

The Private Press of Roy A Squires

A Descriptive Listing of Publications 1962-1979

This Descriptive Listing (so titled because, lacking some details which
I thought insignificant, it is less than true bibl iography ) names types
and papers and gives page sizes, quantities of each major variety (with
brief mention of minor varieties), and publication dates of the previous
38 publications of the press. Similarly described are 5 "pan^h lets which
were not publications" and 4 "Clark Ashton Smith items which were neither
publications nor pamphlets".

This record of my misspent middle-age describes 5 items by Ray Bradbury,

1 by Phil Garland, 6 by Robert E. Howard, 2 by Fritz Leiber, 1 by Frank
Belknap Long, 6 by H.P. Lovecraft, 1 by Donald Culross Peattie, and 19 by
Clark Ashton Smith. Many of these works have not been published else-
where; some others also are first editions.

The data presented could serve to correct errors, of both commission and
omission, which occur in several reference works I've seen.

Hand-printed on Curtis Rag wove paper from hand-set Joanna types and
sewn into Beau Brilliant or Artlaid paper covers, the press edition com-
prises 230 numbered ordinary copies and 80 numbered large paper copies.

Sewn into the large paper copies are sheets upon which have been tipped
leaves from prior publications. Offered now are copies numbered 51-79
with 6 tipped-in specimen leaves (some of these "leaves" are sheets of

2 to 8 printed pages), selected to display as much variety of papers and

types as could be done from the available residue. (Copies numbered
1-50, which are reserved for subscribers, include 8 specimen leaves).

There is also a photo-lithographic, reduced facsimile edition, printed

on ordinary book paper and stapled within paper covers.

New offered are these, priced per copy, postpa d, net to all: i

Ordinary copies, $20. Large paper copies with 6 specimen leaves, $50.
Offset-printed facsimile copies, if ordered with either configuration of
the press edition, $3; if ordered alone, $4.

California buyers are asked to remit the appropriate sales tax.

RoyASquires 1745 Kenneth Road, Qlendale, California 91201

Our Yuletide issue. Crypt of Cthulhu #52, is an all-
fiction issue with a difference: "The Adventures of H. P.
Lovecraft." Taking account of the recent trend in fiction
whereby Lovecraft himself is a character in the story, we
present several new apocryphal tales of HPL's eldritch ex-

"Christmas with Uncle Lovecraft" by Bruce J. Balfour

"Howard Lovecraft and the Terror from Beyond" by
Robert M. Eber
"The Volume out of Print" by Jim Cort
"The Man Who Collected Lovecraft," by Philip Weber
"Midnight in Providence" by Charles Carofalo
"Lovecraft as a Character in Lovecraftian Fiction" by
Robert M. Price
So don't miss the fun with HPL, "his own most fantastic cre-


Robert M. Price
Fiction Editor and Reviewer
Stefan R. Dziemianowicz
Contributing Editors
S. T. Joshi .Will Murray

Lin Carter . Carl T. Ford

Copyright O 1987

Cryptic Publications
Robert M. Price, Editor
107 East James Street
Mount Olive. North Carolina 28365
Cover art by Grey Ginter
Artwork on page 13 (top) by Richard L. Tierney
Artwork on page 13 (lower) by Otto Bumberger