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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol.

4, Issue 05, 2016 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

Elevated Water Tank under Frequency for Staging Height

Miss. K.I.Attar1 Prof. A.H.Kumbhar2 Prof. T.F. Mujawar3
B.E Student 2,3Assistant Professor
Department of civil Engineering
Dr. Daulatrao Aher College of Engineering, Karad. MH
Abstract R.C.C. elevated water tanks were heavily
damaged or collapsed during earthquake. The main aim of II. DATA REQUIREMENTS
this study is to understand the behavior of different staging,
under different load conditions and strengthening of staging
to give better performance during earthquake. The present
study reports the analysis and design of an elevated circular
water tank using STAAD pro. The design involves load
calculations manually and analyzing the whole structure by
STAAD pro. The design method used in STAAD pro analysis
and the water tank is subjected to live load dead load self
weight and seismic loads Seismic load calculations are done
as per IS 1893:2000. Frequency analysis gives the natural
frequency of the structure and time. Hence the graphical
solution has been drawn.
Key words: Elevated water tank, Frequency, Staad pro

The elevated water tanks can be made in different shapes like
rectangular, circular. As of today water tank are analyzed and Fig. 1:
designed by considering the earthquake forces and imposed 1) Shape Circular water tank supported on column,
over the water tank body. The response of water tank and bracing staging.
staging for earthquake loading is different for than for static 2) Capacity 4, 00,000 liters.
loading. When earthquake forces and are developed the 3) Height of staging 16 m
resulting horizontal trust which constitute a major load is of 4) Steel all reinforcement shall be HYSD.
complex nature. 5) Water density 9.81 KN/m3
Liquid storage tanks are used extensively by 6) Seismic zone III
municipalities and industries for storing water, inflammable
liquids and other chemicals. Water tanks are very important
for public utility and for industrial structure having basic
purpose of to secure constant water supply at the longer
distance with sufficient static head to the desired destination.
It is also essential to ensure that requirements such as water
supply are not hampered during an earthquake. In such
situations the elevated tanks may prove most handy tool for
the purpose of water distribution and fire protection.
In the rapidly expanding world today there is an ever
increasing need to preserve and store water. The water must
be stored and be available whenever needed by community
and industry. Thus there is an acute need for large efficient
and economical storage facilities.

Fig. 2: Analytical Model of Water Tank in STAAD Pro


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Elevated Water Tank under Frequency for Staging Height
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/087)


1 12.407 0.0806
2 18.441 0.05423
3 18.441 0.05423
4 20.94 0.04776
5 23.321 0.04288
6 23.343 0.04284
Table 1: Calculated Frequency for Load (DL+EQ)
1 0 0 0 59.03 0
2 0 0 0 0 59.03 0
3 0 0 0 0 59.03 0
4 0 0 0 82.253 0
Fig. 3: Bending Moment Diagram for Staging under Dead 5 0 0 0 0 82.253 0
Load Condition 6 0 0 0 0 82.253 0
Table 2: Mass participation in percent
DE M-x -Y -Z
0.0 99.
1 0 0.011 0 99.971
1 97
99. 0.0
2 0 99.982 0 99.982
97 1
3 0 0 0 99.982 0 99.982
4 0 0 99.982 62.759 99.982
5 0 0 99.984 62.759 99.991
6 0 0 99.983 62.759 99.993
Table 3: Mass participation in percent

Fig. 4: Bending Moment Diagram for Staging under Seismic

Tank Full Condition

Fig. 6: Graph1. Frequency with water depth for various

staging height for soft soil

Fig. 5: Max Von Misses Stresses in Water Tank

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Elevated Water Tank under Frequency for Staging Height
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/087)

4) The modal frequency also increases or equal and it

normally requires more energy to the simpler low
frequency modes.

[1] Pavic1and Z. Miskovic2,Modal Testing and Finite-
Element Model Updating of a Lively Open-Plan
Composite Building Floor, ASCE 2007
[2] Byoung-Wan Kim Sang-Won Cho Chun-Ho Kim and In-
Won Lee, Determination of Natural Frequencies and
Mode Shapes of Structures Using Subspace Iteration
Method with Accelerated Starting Vectors, ASCE 2005
[3] Byung Hwan and Se Hoon Kim, Realistic Models for
Local Bond Stress-Slip of Reinforced Concrete under
Repeated Loading, ASCE 2007
[4] S. Li, Lam and M. Z. Zhang, and Y. L. Wong ,Shaking
Fig. 7: Garph2. Frequency with water depth for various Table Test of a 1:20 Scale High-Rise Building with a
staging height for medium soil Transfer Plate System,ASCE 2006
[5] Dimitrios Vamvatsikos2 and C. Allin Cornell, Direct
Estimation of Seismic Demand and Capacity of
Multidegree-of-Freedom Systems through Incremental
Dynamic Analysis of Single Degree of Freedom
Approximation,ASCE3,ASCE 2005

Fig. 8: Graph3.Frequency with water depth for various

staging height for soft rock

Fig. 9: Graph.4 Frequency with water depth

1) As the water depth increases, frequency of vibration
reduces for various stagging height. Frequency increases
by 4% for increase in stagging height by 25%.
2) If the increase in the ratio of the water depth to the total
depth then the frequency decreases.
3) The mass participation in percent for different modes in
different directions were obtained.

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