Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

4/14/2017 SelectingIPAddressesonaHostonlyNetworkorNATConfiguration

(https://www.vmware.com/) US (https://www.vmware.com/worldwide.html) Login (#) Training (https://www.vmware.com/training.html) Community (http://communities.vmware.com/welcome) Store (http://www.vmware.com/vmwarestore

Search
1-877-486-9273 ( javascript:void(0);)
(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
CLOUD SERVICES
Support (/support/) > Documentation (/support/pubs/)

VMware Workstation 5.5


(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
PRODUCTS

Features (/products/ws/)|Documentation(/support/pubs/ws_pubs.html)|KnowledgeBase(http://www.vmware.com/support/kb/enduser/std_alp.php?
(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
p_sid=NqNHV8Ih&p_lva=&p_li=&p_page=1&p_prod_lvl1=37&p_prod_lvl2=%7Eany%7E&p_search_text=&p_new_search=1&p_search_type=7&p_sort_by=dflt)|DiscussionForums
SOLUTIONS
(http://www.vmware.com/community/forum.jspa?forumID=19)

(ws_net_advanced.html) Prev (ws_net_advanced.html) Contents (index.html) Last (glossary_ws.html) Next


(ws_net_advanced_packetleak_hostonly.html)
(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0)) (ws_net_advanced_packetleak_hostonly.html)
SUPPORT

Selecting IP Addresses on a Host-only Network or NAT


Conguration
(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
DOWNLOADS

A host-only network uses a private virtual network. The host and all virtual machines
congured for host-only networking are connected to the network through a virtual switch.
(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
Typically, all the parties on this private network use the TCP/IP protocol suite, although other
PROFESSIONAL
communication protocols may be used.
SERVICES

A network address translation (NAT) conguration also sets up a private network, which
must be a TCP/IP network. The virtual machines congured for NAT are connected to that
(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
network through a virtual switch. The host computer is also connected to the private
PARTNER
network used for NAT via a host virtual adapter.
PROGRAMS
Each virtual machine and the host must be assigned addresses on the private network. This
is typically done using the DHCP server that comes with VMware Workstation. Note that this
(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
server does not service virtual (or physical) machines residing on bridged networks.
COMPANY
Addresses can also be assigned statically from a pool of addresses that are not assigned by
the DHCP server.
When host-only networking is enabled at the time VMware Workstation is installed, the
network number to use for the virtual network is automatically selected as an unused private
IP network number. To nd out what network is used on a Windows host, choose Edit >
Virtual Network Settings and check the subnet number associated with the virtual network.
On a Linux host, run ifconfig in a terminal.
A NAT conguration also uses an unused private network automatically selected when you
install VMware Workstation. To nd out what network is used on a Windows host, choose
Edit > Virtual Network Settings and check the subnet number associated with the virtual
network. On a Linux host, run ifconfig in a terminal.
Using DHCP to assign IP addresses is simpler and more automatic than statically assigning
them. Most Windows operating systems, for example, come precongured to use DHCP at
boot time, so Windows virtual machines can connect to the network the rst time they are
booted, without additional conguration. If you want your virtual machines to communicate
with each other using names instead of IP addresses, however, you must set up a naming
convention, a name server on the private network, or both. In that case it may be simpler to
use static IP addresses.
In general, if you have virtual machines you intend to use frequently or for extended periods
of time, it is probably most convenient to assign them static IP addresses or congure the
VMware DHCP server to always assign the same IP address to each of these virtual
machines.

Conguring the DHCP Server on a Linux Host

On a Linux host, you congure the host-only DHCP server by editing the DHCP
conguration le for VMnet1 (/etc/vmware/vmnet1/dhcp/dhcp.conf). To congure the
DHCP server for the NAT network, edit the conguration le for VMnet8
(/etc/vmware/vmnet8/dhcp/dhcp.conf).
Editing the DHCP server conguration le requires information that is best obtained directly
from the DHCP server documentation. Consult the manual pages dhcpd(8) and
dhcpd.conf(8).

Conguring the DHCP Server on a Windows Host

On a Windows host, use the virtual network editor to congure the DHCP server (Edit >
Virtual Network Settings > DHCP).

Search

https://www.vmware.com/support/ws55/doc/ws_net_advanced_ipaddress.html 1/3
4/14/2017 SelectingIPAddressesonaHostonlyNetworkorNATConfiguration

(https://www.vmware.com/)

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
CLOUD SERVICES

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
(img/w_netw_cong_dhcpmain.png)
PRODUCTS
Select the virtual network for which you want to change settings and click Properties.

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
SOLUTIONS

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
SUPPORT

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0)) (img/w_netw_cong_dhcpprop2.png)
DOWNLOADS
Make the desired changes, then click OK.

Choosing the Method for Assigning IP Addresses


(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
PROFESSIONAL
For virtual
SERVICES machines that you do not expect to keep for long, use DHCP and let it allocate an
IP address.
For each host-only or NAT network, the available IP addresses are split up using the
(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
conventions shown in the tables below, where <net> is the network number assigned to
PARTNER
your host-only
PROGRAMS or NAT network. VMware Workstation always uses a Class C address for
host-only and NAT networks.

Address Use on a Host-Only Network


(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
COMPANY

Range Address use Example

<net>.1 Host machine 192.168.0.1

<net>.2-<net>.127 Static addresses 192.168.0.2-192.168.0.127

<net>.128-<net>.253 DHCP-assigned 192.168.0.128-192.168.0.253

<net>.254 DHCP server 192.168.0.254

<net>.255 Broadcasting 192.168.0.255

Address Use on a NAT Network

Range Address use Example

<net>.1 Host machine 192.168.0.1

<net>.2 NAT device 192.168.0.2

<net>.3-<net>.127 Static addresses 192.168.0.3-192.168.0.127

<net>.128-<net>.253 DHCP-assigned 192.168.0.128-192.168.0.253

<net>.254 DHCP server 192.168.0.254

CONTACT SALES (HTTPS://WWW.VMWARE.COM/COMPANY/CONTACT_SALES.HTML) GET SUPPORT (HTTPS://WWW.VMWARE.COM/SUPPORT.HTML)

ABOUT VMWARE (HTTPS://WWW.VMWARE.COM/COMPANY.HTML) CAREERS (HTTPS://CAREERS.VMWARE.COM)

2017 VMware, IncTerms of Use (https://www.vmware.com/help/legal.html)Privacy (https://www.vmware.com/help/privacy.html)Accessibility (https://www.vmware.com/help/accessibility.html)Site Index (https://www.vmwa


Search
Trademarks (https://www.vmware.com/help/trademarks.html)Help (https://www.vmware.com/help.html)

Feedback ( javascript:window.open('https://vmware.co1.qualtrics.com/SE/?SID=SV_b3COdXybimzMJH7&Q_lang=EN','','width=715,height=675,location=no,menubar=no,resizable=no,scrollbars=yes,status=no,toolbar=no');void(0);)
https://www.vmware.com/support/ws55/doc/ws_net_advanced_ipaddress.html 2/3
4/14/2017 SelectingIPAddressesonaHostonlyNetworkorNATConfiguration
Feedback ( javascript:window.open('https://vmware.co1.qualtrics.com/SE/?SID=SV_b3COdXybimzMJH7&Q_lang=EN','','width=715,height=675,location=no,menubar=no,resizable=no,scrollbars=yes,status=no,toolbar=no');void(0);)
(https://www.vmware.com/)

(https://twitter.com/VMware) (https://www.facebook.com/vmware) (https://www.linkedin.com/company/vmware) (http://www.youtube.com/user/vmwaretv) (https://plus.google.com/+vmware)


(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
CLOUD SERVICES

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
PRODUCTS

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
SOLUTIONS

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
SUPPORT

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
DOWNLOADS

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
PROFESSIONAL
SERVICES

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
PARTNER
PROGRAMS

(JAVASCRIPT:VOID(0))
COMPANY

https://www.vmware.com/support/ws55/doc/ws_net_advanced_ipaddress.html 3/3