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Emona DATEx


Emona DATEx



Emona DATEx
1

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:
:

: 2.0

:
Emona Instruments Pty Ltd,
86 Parramatta Road
Camperdown NSW 2050
AUSTRALIA.

web: www.tims.com.au
telephone: +61-2-9519-3933
fax: +61-2-9550-1378

Copyright 2008 Emona Instruments Pty Ltd .


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,
,


Emona Instruments Pty Ltd.

,
, Emona Instruments Pty Ltd.
DATEx Emona TIMS Pty Ltd.

LabVIEW, National Instruments, NI, NI ELVIS, and NI-DAQ


National Instruments Corporation.
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2008 - :
" National Instruments"

National Instruments

.................................................................................................................................. i - iv
1 - - NI ELVIS........................................................... 1 - 1
2 - DATEX ........... 2 - 1
3 - ...................................................................................... 3 - 1
4 - Emona DATEx ................................ 4 - 1
5 - ...................................................................................................... 5 - 1
6 - ....................... 6 - 1
7 - AM DSBSC ......................................... 7 - 1
8 - AM ................................................................................................. 8 - 1
9 -
DSBSC........................................................................................ 9 - 1
10 -
SSBSC ....................................................................................... 10 - 1
11 - (FM) .................................................................................................. 11 - 1
12 - FM ................................................................................................ 12 - 1
13 - ................................................................. 13 - 1
14 - - ........................................................................................ 14 - 1
15 - ............................................................................................. 15 - 1
16 - .................. 16 - 1
17 - ............................................................................................... 17 - 1
18 - ...................................................................................................... 18 - 1
19 - ...................................................................................... 19 - 1
20 - ............................................................................... 20 - 1
21 - DSSS .................................................................................... 21 - 1
22 - ..................................... 22 - 1

ETT-202 DATEx
ETT-202

20
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DATEx - .
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Emona DATEx

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Emona DATEx NI ELVIS I
II (VI) NI LabVIEW,
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- NI DAQ,
NI ELVIS I. ELVIS II
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ETT-202 DATEx
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DATEX/NI ELVIS.

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DATEx .
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2008 Emona Instruments Pty Ltd i


, ETT-202
DATEx
- Emona TIMS -
Emona DATEx
,
-. 1970-
(Tim Hooper),
(University of New South Wales), ,
Emona Instruments, Emona TIMS Telecommunications Instructional Modeling
System (
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ii 2008 Emona Instruments Pty Ltd


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DATEx.

DATEx

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DATEx

NI LabVIEW DATEx
Emona DATEx NI ELVIS
NI LabVIEW. DATEx
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DATEx DATEx ,
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NI LabVIEW, DATEx,
(RF) , NI.

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DATEx,
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LabVIEW.

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2 Emona DATEx,
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3 DATEx

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ETT-202 ,
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iv 2008 Emona Instruments Pty Ltd


...:

- NI ELVIS
1 - NI
ELVIS


(Digital multimeter)
(Oscilloscope), ,
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(DC Power Supply) (Function
Generator). ,
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, NI ELVIS
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ELVIS -, , NI USB-6251,
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USB ,
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NI ELVIS
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NI ELVIS,
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1-2 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


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50 .

NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
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Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-3


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(
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- peak-to-peak voltage).

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1.

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2.

1-4 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


A (* NI ELVIS I)

1. , NI ELVIS ,
.

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) Manual ().

4. * , - NI DAQ .

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

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6. NI ELVIS, ,
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7. .

8. * , - NI DAQ.
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, NI DAQ . -
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9. NI ELVIS .

: NI ELVIS , ELVIS
Instrument Launcher .


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: ELVIS II
(Instrument Launcher) ELVIS II
ELVIS I. ,
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3a

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-5


ELVIS II ,
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B NI ELVIS

10. Digital Multimeter ( )


NI ELVIS.

1:
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2:
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3b

(DMM) :
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Function () .
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11. Function (),


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1: ,
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2: , NI ELVIS.
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1-6 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


1
NI ELVIS,
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NI ELVIS ,
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NI ELVIS ,
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12. , Run (
) Single () ,
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2
NI ELVIS Run
( )?

3
NI ELVIS Single
()?

Single ().


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NI ELVIS (
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Null ,
, .

13. :

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-7


Function (): DC voltage ( )
Range ( ): Auto ()
Sampling ( ): Run ()
Null ( ):

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14. Control Mode ( ) Variable Power


Supplies NI ELVIS ( )
Manual (), 4a
b .

ELVIS II:
ELVIS II "" , manual ("") + Supply
Supply ( ).
Measure Supply Outputs ( ).
ELVIS II Manual mode ( ),
.

VARIABLE POWER SUPPLIES FUNCTION GENERATOR DMM SCOPE


SUPPLY - SUPPLY + CURRENT VOLTAGE CH A
AMPLITUDE
MANUAL MANUAL MANUAL
HI HI

50kHz CH B
5kHz 250kHz
VOLTAGE VOLTAGE FINE
500Hz FREQUENCY
LO LO
50Hz
TRIGGER
COARSE
-12V 0V 0V +12V FREQUENCY

4a

15. Voltage ()
().

16. , 5.

: ,
6 .

1-8 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


4b

FUNCTION
GENERATOR

DMM
ANALOG I/ O CURRENT VOLTAGE

HI HI
ACH1 DAC1

ACH0 DAC0 LO LO
VARIABLE DC
+

GND

17.
. 1,
.

18.
.


(+)


(-)

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-9


19. ,
(Range) .

: , .

20. Range,
.

4
,
?

Over ( ).


,
.

1-10 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


B NI ELVIS

: (..
) NI ELVIS,
.

21. .

22. Oscilloscope ()
NI ELVIS.

1: ,
, 6a.

2: ELVIS II.
ELVIS II ELVIS I.
, ELVIS I CH A CH B (. 6)
CH0 CH1 ELVIS II (. 6). ON/OFF
- Enabled ().
ELVIS I, , ELVIS II.

6a

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-11


6b

NI ELVIS ,
, .

23. , 7.

: , 2kHz SINE (
2 ) Master Signals ( )
"". ""
GND () DATEx.

MASTER
SIGNALS

SCOPE
CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz RED
SINE

BLK
GND

1-12 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


24. ,
.
1:
, NI ELVIS.

2: ,
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3:
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NI ELVIS ,
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NI ELVIS

25. , . ,
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i) Sampling ( ) Run
().

ii) Cursor () Off ().

i) A , B ( ),
ON/OFF (./.) Display ().

ii) Source ( ) A
BNC/Board CH A ( BNC ),
Source () B BNC/Board CH B
( BNC ),.

iii) Position ()
, Zero ().

iv) Scale ()

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-13


1V/div (1 /).

v) Coupling ( )
AC ( ).

i) Timebase ( )
500s/div (500 /).

i) Source () CH A.

ii) Level () .

iii) Slope () .


,
.



Peak-
, to-peak
(peak-to-peak) .

The period of one cycle
,
8.


8
. Peak-to-Peak
, The period of one cycle
,
8.

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:
1
f
Peri od


- () ,
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1-14 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


. , NI ELVIS
.

26. ,
, Meas A.

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(RMS)
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27. 2.

28. , .

: .


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.

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-15


C NI ELVIS

29. NI ELVIS (Function Generator)


Control Mode ( )
Manual (), 9.

VARIABLE POWER SUPPLIES FUNCTION GENERATOR DMM SCOPE


SUPPLY - SUPPLY + CURRENT VOLTAGE CH A
AMPLITUDE
MANUAL MANUAL MANUAL
HI HI

50kHz CH B
5kHz 250kHz
VOLTAGE VOLTAGE FINE
500Hz FREQUENCY
LO LO
50Hz
TRIGGER
COARSE
-12V 0V 0V +12V FREQUENCY

9a

30.
:

Coarse Frequency ( ) - 5
Fine Frequency ( ) -
Amplitude () -

Waveshape ( ) -

1-16 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


ELVIS II:

ELVIS II
ELVIS I. Manual ()
FGEN, NI ELVISmx.
9b .

FREQUENCY
. : 0.2 5 !
,
FGEN ( ),
,
FREQUENCY.

, Signal Route ( )
Prototyping board ( ),
FUNCTION GENERATOR ( ) DATEx.
Signal Route FGEN BNC,
TRIG () .

,
(VCO), FM , ,
Modulation () FM.
, VCO IN DATEx.
Modulation () None (),
. AM DATEx.

9b

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-17


31. , 10 .

1: ,
"".

2: ,
Channel A ( A) ( Channel 1 - 1).

FUNCTION
GENERATOR

SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A

ACH1 DAC1
CH B

ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+

10

32. , 30,
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5
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33. 30.

34.
.

35. 3.

1: ,
Scale () (
Autoscale () A).

2: , Amplitude
() ,
. .

1-18 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


36.
.35.

37. Fine Frequency ( ) ,


5 .

38. .

: Timebase (
), .
.

39. Fine Frequency ( )


5 ,
.38.

40. Coarse ( ) Fine Frequency


( ) ,
.38.

41. Coarse ( ) Fine Frequency


( )
, .38.

. ( 5 )

. ( 5 )


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.

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-19


,
,
15/20 NI ELVIS.

1. ,
, .

i) Intensity ()
.

ii) Mode () CH A ( CH 1).

i) Input Coupling ( )
AC ( ) .

ii) Vertical Attenuation ( -


) 1V/div (1 /.) .

iii) Vertical Attenuation Calibration (


) (
) .

iv) Vertical Position ( )


.

i) Horizontal Timebase ( -
) 0.5ms/div (0,5 /).

ii) Horizontal Timebase Calibration (


) (
).

iii) Horizontal Position (


) .

1-20 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


i) Sweep Mode ( )
AUTO ( ).

ii) Trigger Level ( )


( ).
,
.

iii) Trigger Source ( )


CH A ( INT ().

iv) Trigger Source Coupling (


) AC ( ).

i) .
.

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ii) Intensity () , .

iii) Focus () ,
.

Channel A ( A) CAL (
).
: ,
.


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.

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-21



, Peak-
(peak-to-peak) . ,
to-peak
,
11.


,
CAL ( ) .

11

2. Vertical
Attenuation ( -
) 1
,
,
.

3.
Horizontal Position ( )
,

12
.

4. Vertical Position ( )
,
.
12.

5. .

: 0,2 .
6. Vertical Attenuation
( - ).

: 6,6 Vertical
Attenuation ( - ) 0,5 /.,
6,6 0,5 , 3,3 .
.

7. 4.

4
CAL

1-22 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS



,
.


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,
, The period of one cycle
.


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13

8.
Horizontal Timebase (
) ,

,
.

9. Input
Coupling ( ) GND.

10. Vertical
Position ( ) 1
14
3

.

11. Input Coupling ( ) AC (


).

12. Horizontal Position (


),
.
14.

13. .

1 - NI ELVIS 2008 Emona Instruments 1-23


: 0,2 .

14. Horizontal Timebase


( ).

: 8,6 Horizontal
Timebase 5ms/div (5 /.), 8,6 5 , , 43
. ,
.

15. 5.

16. .
, , 5.

CAL

CAL


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, :

1s
f
P


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17. C 1-15.

1-24 2008 Emona Instruments 1 - NI ELVIS


...

2 - DATEx

2 DATEX


Emona DATEx
NI ELVIS,
. -,
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c . , 1 -.

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(, )
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DATEX ( ),
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(2-1, 2-2 2-3),


DATEX's. ,
1 NI ELVIS
.

50 2-1, 50
2-2 25 - 2-3.

NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 (
20)

Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )
"" (2 )
2.1 -

2-2 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


,

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(
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( ).
0. , , > 0, < 360.

-
2.

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90.
3.
( ,
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.)

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-3


2.1 Master Signals ( ), Speech (
) Amplifier ()

(Master Signals module)


(AC).
, :


2.083 2.083
()
100 8.33
()
100 100
()

,
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(* NI ELVIS I)

1. , NI ELVIS,
, .

2. Emona DATEx NI
ELVIS.

3. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) Manual ().

4. * , - NI DAQ .

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.
: .

6. NI ELVIS, ,
.

7. .

8. * , - NI DAQ.

: ,
, NI DAQ . -
, .

9. NI ELVIS .
: NI ELVIS , ELVIS
Instrument Launcher .

2-4 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX



,
.

10. , 1 .

MASTER
SIGNALS

SCOPE
CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz RED
SINE

BLK
GND

- ( 2)

Master Signals

To Ch.A
2

11. NI ELVIS 1 (
1-13), , Trigger Source ( )
CH A ( A).

12. Timebase ( )
, ( )
2 2kHz SINE (Master Signals).

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-5


13. ,
() 2kHz SINE (Master
Signals). 1.

: ,
1 ( 1-
20).

14. 2kHz SINE ( 2 )


(Master Signals).

: ,

1 ( 1-22 1-23).

15. 12 14
(Master Signals).

2kHz SINE (2 )

100kHz COSINE (100 )

100kHz SINE (100 )


,
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II .
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual ()


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

2-6 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


, , , , ,
SINE () COSINE ()
(Master Signals). , 100 . ,
.


, ( ) ,
, (
). 100 (Master Signals)
90.
.

16. , 3.

:
(GND).

MASTER
SIGNALS

SCOPE
CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz
SINE

17. B ON/OFF
Channel B Display.

1: , ,
,
A.

2: ,
, , . ,
. , NI
ELVIS - DAQ ( ,
).

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-7


1
?
.

( 90) ,
,
.


,
.

2-8 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


(Speech)
.
.
.
( ),

. Emona DATEx
(Speech module).

18. B .

19. Timebase ( )
2ms/div (2/.).

20. Channel A Scale ( )


2V/div (2/.).

21. , 4.

:
(GND).

SEQUENCE
GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O

1
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A

Y
CH B
CLK
SPEECH

TRIGGER

GND

GND

22. , .
"" "".


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.

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-9


(Amplifier)

, .
, .
Amplifier () Emona DATEx .

23. Amplifier Gain (


) .

24. , 5.

:
(GND).

MASTER NOISE
SIGNALS GENERATOR

0dB

-6dB

-20dB SCOPE
CH A
100kHz
SINE AMPLIFIER
100kHz
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz GAIN
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
IN OUT
2kHz
SINE

-, 6.

To Ch.A

Master Signals Amplifier

To Ch.B
2kHz

6
Master Signals , Amplifier ,
To Ch.A , To Ch.B B

2-10 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


25. Timebase ( ) ,
.

26. Channel B ( B) .

27. Autoscale () .

28. ( ) .
2.

29. .

,
, (voltage gain AV).

:

Vout
AV
Vin

, ""
, ,
.

2
Amplifier () (
).

, Gain ()
, -3.

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-11


Amplifier . ,
,
. , , ,
(attenuation). ,
.

30. Gain ()
, ,
.

31. Autoscale B,
.

32.
.

3
Amplifier ().

, Gain (),
0.1.
"-", .

4
,
?

, 1.
1.


,
.

2-12 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


,
, . ,
.
, ,
.
.

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:

33. Gain () .

34. Autoscale B, .

5
, ,
?


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.

35. Gain () Amplifier


.

(),
50 .
.
Emona DATEx.

Amplifier ,
. ,
, .
, .

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-13


36. , Gain () Amplifier
.

37. , .

38. .

39. Gain () Amplifier


.

40. 2kHz SINE Master Signals ( 2


) Speech (
).

41. .

42. Speech ( )
100kHz SINE Master Signals ( 100
).

43. Gain ()
.

6
100 Master Signals?

, , 20
20 .

44. Gain () Amplifier


.


,
.

2-14 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


2.2 Adder () Phase Shifter ()

(Adder)
.
Adder .

1. , ,
11. 2.

2. , NI ELVIS ,
.

3. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

4. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) Manual ().

5. , - NI DAQ .

6. NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

: .

7. NI ELVIS, ,
.

8. .

9. , - NI DAQ.

: ,
, NI DAQ . -
, .

10. NI ELVIS .

: NI ELVIS , ELVIS
Instrument Launcher .


,
.

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-15


11. NI ELVIS 1 (
1-13), , Trigger Source ( )
CH A ( A).

12. Adder () g Input B ( B)


.

13. G Input A ( A) Adder


.

14. , 1.

: ,
(GND).

MASTER ADDER
SIGNALS

SCOPE
CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz G
COS CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz g
SINE
B GA+gB

-, 2.

To Ch.A
Master Adder
Signals module

A
To Ch.B
2kHz
B

2
Master Signals , Adder module ,
To Ch.A , To Ch.B B

2-16 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


15. Timebase
, ( )
2 2kHz SINE (Master Signals).

16. B ON/OFF Channel B


Display, ,
2kHz SINE ( 2 ) (Master Signals).

17. G Adder
() .

1
Adder G ?

A. , G
.

18. ,
A (Input A) Adder. 1.

: ,
1 ( 1-22).

19. G Adder .

20. Adder.

21. Adder
A (Input A).

22. G Adder .

23. Autoscale B,
.

24. 20 21.

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-17


2
A Adder?

-0.02 -2 (
.)


,
.

25. G Adder .

26. 2kHz SINE ( 2 ) Master Signals


Input A Adder Input B Adder.

27. g Adder .

28. Autoscale B,
.

29. Adder.
2.

30. B
Adder.

31. g Adder .

32. .28 .30.



B
1

3
1 2.
Adder ()?

Adder .


,
.

2-18 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


33. Adder .

34. 2kHz SINE Master Signals


Adder.

35. Autoscale B,
.

36. Adder.
3.

4

?


G g.


,
.

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-19


(Phase Shifter)
, (,
/ ) .
-
. Phase Shifter .

37. Phase Shifter Phase Change


( ) 0.

38. Phase Adjust Phase Shifter


.

39. , 3.
1:
(GND).
2: Phase Shifter ,
. ,
.

MASTER PHASE
SIGNALS SHIFTER

LO

SCOPE
CH A
100kHz
SINE PHASE

100kHz O
COS 0 CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL O
180
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
IN OUT
2kHz
SINE

2-20 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


, 3, - 4.

To Ch.A
Master Phase
Signals Shifter

2kHz O To Ch.B

4
Master Signals , Phase Shifter (),
To Ch.A , To Ch.B B

40. Scale () ,
.

41. Phase Adjust Phase Shifter


, .

42. Phase Change Phase Shifter 180.

43. Phase Adjust Phase Shifter


, .

.
.

, ,
.


,
.

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-21


2.3 , (The Voltage Controlled Oscillator VCO)
, , ,
. ,
.
Emona DATEx NI ELVIS
, (VCO).

(* NI ELVIS I)

1. , ,
11. 2.

2. , NI ELVIS ,
.

3. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

4. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) Manual ().

5. *, - NI DAQ .

6. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

: .

7. NI ELVIS, ,
.

8. .

9. * , - NI DAQ.

: ,
, NI DAQ . -
, .

10. NI ELVIS .

: NI ELVIS , ELVIS
Instrument Launcher .


,
.

2-22 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


11. NI ELVIS 1 (
1-13), , Trigger Source ( )
CH A ( A).

12.
NI ELVIS (Variable Power Supplies) :

Control Mode ( ) Manual


()
Positive Voltage ( ) - 0 (
)

Negative Voltage ( ) - 0 (
)

13. NI ELVIS (Function


Generator) :

Control Mode ( ) Manual ()


Coarse Frequency ( ) 5kHz (5 )
Fine Frequency ( )
Amplitude ()

Waveshape ( )

14. 1.

: ,
(GND).

FUNCTION
GENERATOR

SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A

ACH1 DAC1
CH B

ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-23


15. Timebase ( )
,
.

16. ,
.
1.

: ,

1 ( 1-22 1-23).

17. 2.


2 , 1,
. , ,
.

FUNCTION
GENERATOR

SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A

ACH1 DAC1
CH B

ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+

2-24 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


2 - 3.

Variable DC VCO

To Ch.A
Variable

To Ch.B

3
Variable DC ,
VCO (Voltage Controlled Oscillator) , , Variable ,
To Ch.A , To Ch.B B

18. B ,
(Function Generator) ,
.

19. Scale () B (Channel B)


5V/div (5 /.).

20. Zero () B .

21. Coupling ( )
DC ( ).

22.
, .

1
,
?

23.
10 .

24. .
2.

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-25


2
1 2 ,
,
(VCO) ( ,
1 ).

200 /

: , ELVIS II
ELVIS I . ,
ELVIS. , . : ,
.


,
.

,
(VCO) Coarse Frequency
( ).

25. ,
(VCO) Coarse Frequency 500 50 .
3.

500

50


,
.

2-26 2008 Emona Instruments 2 DATEX


26. , 4.

FUNCTION
GENERATOR

SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A

ACH1 DAC1
CH B

ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+

- 5.

Variable DC VCO

To Ch.A
Variable

To Ch.B

5
Variable DC ,
VCO (Voltage Controlled Oscillator) , , Variable ,
To Ch.A , To Ch.B B

27.
, .

3
,
?


,
.

2 DATEX 2008 Emona Instruments 2-27


...:

3 -
3


(front-panel)
, , ,
, . ,
, 1 NI ELVIS.

VARIABLE POWER SUPPLIES FUNCTION GENERATOR DMM SCOPE


SUPPLY - SUPPLY + CURRENT VOLTAGE CH A
AMPLITUDE
MANUAL MANUAL MANUAL
HI HI

50kHz CH B
5kHz 250kHz
VOLTAGE VOLTAGE FINE
500Hz FREQUENCY
LO LO
50Hz
TRIGGER
COARSE
-12V 0V 0V +12V FREQUENCY

20 30 ,
. (
NI ELVIS)
. ,
,
.


. , ,
, ,
. ,

, . ,
.


" "
, .
,
"" ("soft" front-panel) ,
,
. ,
, ,
, .

, 1 2.
NI ELVIS - ,
.
.
NI ELVIS, Emona DATEx .

3-2 2008 Emona Instruments 3



-
NI ELVIS Emona DATEx. ,
1 NI ELVIS
.

40 .

NI ELVIS I II

NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)

Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )
"" (2 )

,

,
. , , ,
, ,
.

180,
. 2. ,
. ,
( ).

3 2008 Emona Instruments 3-3


(* - NI ELVIS)

A
NI ELVIS

1. , NI ELVIS ,
.

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) Manual ().

4. * , - NI DAQ .

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

: .

6. NI ELVIS, ,
.

7. .

8. * , - NI DAQ.

: ,
, NI DAQ. -
, .

9. NI ELVIS .

: NI ELVIS , ELVIS
Instrument Launcher .


,
.

10. NI
ELVIS (Variable Power Supplies) :

Control Mode ( ) Manual


().
Voltage () .

3-4 2008 Emona Instruments 3


11. , 3.

FUNCTION
GENERATOR

DMM
ANALOG I/ O CURRENT VOLTAGE

HI HI
ACH1 DAC1

ACH0 DAC0 LO LO
VARIABLE DC
+

12. (VI) DMM NI ELVIS (


).

:
, .

13. (VI) Variable Power Supplies


( ) NI ELVIS.

:
, 4 . ,
.
ELVIS I 4a.
ELVIS II 4b.

3 2008 Emona Instruments 3-5


4a

4b

3-6 2008 Emona Instruments 3


14.
Variable Power Supplies.

: , ,
,
. ,
, .

15. Control Mode ( )


(
5 ) , Manual ().

: ,
. Manual
() "" .
.

VARIABLE POWER SUPPLIES FUNCTION GENERATOR DMM SCOPE


SUPPLY - SUPPLY + CURRENT VOLTAGE CH A
AMPLITUDE
MANUAL MANUAL MANUAL
HI HI

50kHz CH B
5kHz 250kHz
VOLTAGE VOLTAGE FINE
500Hz FREQUENCY
LO LO
50Hz
TRIGGER
COARSE
-12V 0V 0V +12V FREQUENCY

16.
,
Voltage () .

17.
.

18. .. 15 16, ,
.

1

?

,
, .

3 2008 Emona Instruments 3-7



,
.

19.
Variable Power Supplies DMM.

20. :

Control Mode ( ) Manual ().

Coarse Frequency ( ) 5kHz


Fine Frequency ( )
Amplitude ()

Waveshape ( )

21. (VI) Function Generator NI ELVIS


( ).

: , 6.

3-8 2008 Emona Instruments 3


22.
.

: , ,
, .

23. Coarse Frequency (


) .

: , ,
,
.

24. Coarse Frequency ( )


5kHz.

25. Control Mode ( ) ,


Manual ().

: ,
. Manual () ""
. , ,
, OFF ().

26. ON/OFF (/)


Function Generator, .

: ,
.

27.
:

Waveshape ( ): Triangular ()
Frequency (): 2,5 kHz
Amplitude (): 4 V ( ) (
2 V)
DC Offset ( ): 0 V

: 2,5 2 ,
.

3 2008 Emona Instruments 3-9


28. , 7.

FUNCTION
GENERATOR

SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A

ACH1 DAC1
CH B

ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+

29. (VI) Oscilloscope NI ELVIS.

30. NI ELVIS 1 (
1-13), , Trigger Source ( )
CH A ( A).

31. ,
.


,
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II .
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

3-10 2008 Emona Instruments 3


B Emona DATEx

32. (VI) Function Generator.

33. , 8.

MASTER NOISE
SIGNALS GENERATOR

0dB

-6dB

-20dB SCOPE
CH A
100kHz
SINE AMPLIFIER
100kHz
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz GAIN
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
IN OUT
2kHz
SINE

34. Timebase ( )
, ( )
2 2kHz SINE (Master Signals).

35. B ON/OFF Channel B


Display.

36. Amplifier (),


Gain ().

: ,
,
Gain ().

37. DATEx .

: DATEx ,
, 9 .

3 2008 Emona Instruments 3-11


9

38. DATEx
,
. 10 .

10

3-12 2008 Emona Instruments 3


39. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (
) PC Control ( ).

40. Gain ()
Amplifier ().

: .

41. Gain
() Amplifier () DATEx.

: , DATEx .

42. Gain () Amplifier


() -2,
.

,
DATEx ,
.

43. DATEx ,
.

44. TAB.

: Width () Twin Pulse Generator


( ) DATEx
,
.

45. TAB .

: , , TAB,
. ,
, .

46. TAB, Gain ()


Amplifier ().

47. DATEx ,
.

48. Gain (),


.

:
, ,
.

3 2008 Emona Instruments 3-13


49. ,
-2.


,
.

50. , 11.

MASTER PHASE
SIGNALS SHIFTER

LO

SCOPE
CH A
100kHz
SINE PHASE

100kHz O
COS 0 CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL O
180
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
IN OUT
2kHz
SINE

11

51.
Phase Shifter ( ),
.

1: .

2: ,
Phase Shifter ()
0 180 .

52. Phase Shifter () ,


, 180.


,
.

3-14 2008 Emona Instruments 3


...:

4
Emona DATEx
4
Emona DATEx


, ,
. ,
.

, ,
. Emona DATEx "" ,
, .


, Emona DATEx.

40 .



NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 (
20)
Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )
"" (2 )

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II .
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

4-2 2007 Emona Instruments 4 Emona DATEx


,

,
. , , ,
, ,
.

180,
. 1. ,
.
, ( ).

. 1

4 Emona DATEx 2007 Emona Instruments 4-3



Adder ()
.
:

Adder module output = Signal A + Signal B

1. , NI ELVIS ,
.

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) PC Control ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ .

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS, ,
.

7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ,
, , .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx (DATEx soft front-panel - SFP).

11. , DATEx,
PDM/TDM PCM Encoder ()
(DATEx SFP).

: , PCM Decoder
DATEx .


,
.

4-4 2007 Emona Instruments 4 Emona DATEx


12. (VI) Oscilloscope NI ELVIS .

13. 1 ( 1-13), ,
Trigger Source ( )
CH A.

14. Adder () DATEx


G g .

15. , 2.

: GND
(), .

MASTER ADDER
SIGNALS

SCOPE
CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz G
COS CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz g
SINE
B GA+gB

. 2

-, 3.

Master Adder
Signals module

A
Output
2kHz To Ch.B
B

To Ch.A

. 3
Master Signals , Adder module ,
Output To Ch.B B, To Ch.A

4 Emona DATEx 2007 Emona Instruments 4-5


16. Timebase (
) , 2
Master Signals ( ).

17. 2 Master Signals


1 .

18. B Adder ().

19. Channel B ( B) ON/OFF


Channel B Display,. , ,
Adder.

20. g Adder
,
( . 17)

1: A Adder -1.

2: , TAB

DATEx.

21. B Adder ().

22. A Adder ().

23. g Adder
,
( . 17).

1: B Adder -1,
, Adder .

24. A .

, 3 4, :

Adder module output = Signal A + Signal B


= A + B

, : 2kHz
4Vp-p. :

Adder module output = 4Vp-p (2kHz sine) + 4Vp-p (2kHz sine)


= 4Vp-p ( 2kHz) + 4Vp-p ( 2kHz)

4-6 2007 Emona Instruments 4 Emona DATEx


:

Adder module output = 8Vp-p (2kHz sine)


= 8Vp-p ( 2kHz)

, .

25. .

1
8Vp-p,
?

2
?

1) (.. 4Vp-p)

2) -1.


,
.

4 Emona DATEx 2007 Emona Instruments 4-7


, ,
.
:

Adder module output = Signal A + Signal B (with phase shift)


= A + B ( )

26. Phase Shifter ()


DATEx Phase Change ( ) 0.

27. Phase Adjust ( ) Phase


Shifter () .

28. , 4.

:
(GND).

MASTER PHASE ADDER


SIGNALS SHIFTER

LO

SCOPE
CH A
100kHz
SINE PHASE

100kHz G
O
COS 0 CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL O
180
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
IN OUT g
2kHz
SINE
B GA+gB

. 4

-, 5
.

To Ch.B
Phase
Shifter

2kHz B
O Output

To Ch.A
. 5
Phase Shifter , To Ch.B B,
Output , To Ch.A

4-8 2007 Emona Instruments 4 Emona DATEx


, 4 5, :

Adder module output = Signal A + Signal B (with phase shift)


= A + B ( )

Adder () : 4Vp-p 2kHz.


:

Adder module output = 4Vp-p (2kHz sine) + 4Vp-p (2kHz sine with phase shift)
= 4Vp-p ( 2kHz) + 4Vp-p ( 2kHz,
)

,
180, .
.. +1V, -
-1V. - +3.75V, - -3.75V .. ,
, , :

Adder module output = 0Vp-p


= 0Vp-p

, .

4 Emona DATEx 2007 Emona Instruments 4-9


29. Phase Adjust
( ) Phase Shifter () ,
180.

30. , B Phase
Shifter () Adder ().

31. Autoscale B, .

32. .
2.

3
, 0V,
.

1) 180.

2) .


,
.

4-10 2007 Emona Instruments 4 Emona DATEx


Adder ()
Phase Shifter () , .

33 TAB ,
Phase Adjust ( )
, .

34 ,
Phase Adjust ( ) Phase Shifter ()
.

5

?

180 (, , 180)

35. ,
G Adder (), ,
.

36. ,
g Adder ()
.

6
?

(, , )

, , ,
. , ,
.
, ,
, , .


,
.

4 Emona DATEx 2007 Emona Instruments 4-11


4-12 2007 Emona Instruments 4 Emona DATEx
...:

5
5


()
, , , .
.

, . ,
.

1, , (Message)
(Unmodulated Carrier).
.
, (AM Signal)
.

. 1

5-2 2008 Emona Instruments 5


2 - ,
1 , ,
. ,
. , ,
(Upper Envelope) , .
(Lower Envelope) , ""
(.. ).

. 2

AM
:
AM = (DC + message) the carrier
( = (DC + ) )

( 1),
(
), ,
.

,
,

, ,
, , .
, , ,
, ,
. ,
-
(Double-SideBand, Full Carrier - DSBFC).

,
, ,
.

5 2008 Emona Instruments 5-3



Emona DATEx
. ,
, ,
().

. ,
.

,
.
. , .

, .

NI ELVIS I II

NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)

Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )
"" (2 )

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II .
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

5-4 2008 Emona Instruments 5


(* - NI ELVIS)

1. , NI ELVIS ,
.

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) Manual ().

4. * , - NI DAQ .

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
.

7. .

8. * , - DAQ
, NI DAQ.

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx (DATEx soft front-panel - SFP).

11. , DATEx
PDM/TDM PCM Encoder ()
(DATEx SFP).

: , PCM
Decoder ( ) DATEx .


,
.

5 2008 Emona Instruments 5-5


12. Control Mode ( )
(Variable Power
Supplies) , Manual ().

13. (VI) Variable Power Supplies ( ).

14. Voltage ()
.

15. ,
VI ( , ,
VI, ).

16. Adder () DATEx


G g .

17. , 3.

FUNCTION ADDER
GENERATOR

DMM
ANALOG I/ O CURRENT VOLTAGE

HI HI
ACH1 DAC1 G

ACH0 DAC0 LO LO
VARIABLE DC
+
g

B GA+gB

. 3

18. (VI) DMM NI ELVIS.

:
.

19. DC DMM (
).

20. g Adder ()
1V (DC).

21. DMM (
,
g Adder)

5-6 2008 Emona Instruments 5


22. , 4.

: GND
().

MASTER FUNCTION ADDER


SIGNALS GENERATOR

SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 G
COS CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz g
SINE
B GA+gB

. 4

-, 5.
: AM = (DC + message) the carrier.

Master Signals Adder

A
Message
2kHz To Ch.A
B

Variable
DC

. 5
Master Signals , Adder ,
Variable DC ,
Message To Ch A

5 2008 Emona Instruments 5-7


23. (VI) NI ELVIS.

24. 1 ( 1-
13), :

Trigger Source ( )

Immediate () CH A

Channel A Coupling ( )

DC ( ) AC ( )

Channel A Scale ( )

500mV/div 1V/div
,
,
1V DC.

25. G
Adder ,
1Vp-p.

: , TAB

DATEx.

AM = (1VDC + 1Vp-p 2kHz sine) the carrier


(AM = (1VDC + 1Vp-p 2kHz ) )

1
,
2kHz SINE ?

,
1V.


,
.

26. Trigger Source ( )


CH A, Trigger Level
1V

5-8 2008 Emona Instruments 5


27. , 6.

,
, 4,
, 6.
6 , , , -
.

MASTER FUNCTION ADDER MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR

DC
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE
ACH1 DAC1 G kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz g
SINE
B GA+gB Y DC kXY

. 6

-, 7. ,
, :

AM = (DC + message) the carrier.


(AM = (DC + ) ).

Message
To Ch.A
A X
AM signal
2kHz To Ch.B
B Y
100kHz
carrier

Master
Signals

Figure 7
Message To Ch , AM signal To Ch
Master Signals , 100kHz carrier 100 ,

5 2008 Emona Instruments 5-9


, , ,
:

AM = (1VDC + 1Vp-p 2kHz sine) 4Vp-p 100kHz sine.


AM = (1VDC + 1Vp-p 2kHz) 4Vp-p 100kHz.

28. Timebase (
) ,

29. B ON/OFF Channel B


Display,
Multiplier ().

30. ,
, .

: , AM -
.

5-10 2008 Emona Instruments 5



,
.

31. ,
, Channel A Position
( ) .

: Channel B Autoscale
( ), .

2
Multiplier () ,
? : ,
.

, ,
.

3
, .
2 ? .

. ,
( , )

4
,
, ?

. 98 , 100 and 102 .


,
.

5 2008 Emona Instruments 5-11


B
. ,

. ,
.

32. 2kHz SINE Master Signals (


), Adder ().

33. Speech module ( ),


8.

: , .

SEQUENCE MASTER FUNCTION ADDER MULTIPLIER


GENERATOR SIGNALS GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
OO NRZ-L AC
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y
100kHz AC
X SINE
ACH1 DAC1 G kXY
100kHz
Y COS MULTIPLIER CH B
CLK 100kHz A
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
GND g
2kHz
SINE
GND GA+gB Y DC kXY
B

. 8

34. Timebase ( )
1ms/div (1 /).

35. , .

5
, ( , ..),
?

, ,
(, , ).

5-12 2008 Emona Instruments 5



,
.

C
.
.

36. Timebase ( )
100s/div (100 /).

37. Speech module (


) 2kHz SINE Master Signals (
).

: ,
5-10

38. ,
G Adder (), ,
.

6
?


,
.

5 2008 Emona Instruments 5-13


, , ,
. , ,
.

, ,
(m) (modulation index). Modulation
index , ,
.

9
. (modulation index)
.

. 9

39. G Adder (),


1Vp-p.

40. 1 (P) .

41. (Q) .

42. , ,
.

P Q
m
P Q

, P , Q m

5-14 2008 Emona Instruments 5



,
.

().
.
.

43. ,
G Adder () ,
.

44. , Autoscale
()

45. Channel A Position


( ),
.

8
,
, .

1
1


,
.

5 2008 Emona Instruments 5-15


46. ,
, .


,
.

5-16 2008 Emona Instruments 5


...:

6 -

6


(double-sideband
suppressed-carrier DSBSC) (AM),
5, . ,
DSBSC -
,
(message) (baseband signal).
, .
, , , ,
.

1 (Message)
(Unmodulated carrier). DSBSC
(DSBSC signal).

. 1

6-2 2008 Emona Instruments 6 DSBSC


AM DSBSC .
2. DSBSC ,
1, (
, - ).
, ,
, (. 5, 5-3)

. 2
DSBSC signal DSBSC , Upper envelope ,
Lower envelope

, ,
, . 3.

. 3

6 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 6-3


DSBSC ,
DSBSC :

DSBSC = the message the carrier


(DSBSC = )

, AM DSBSC? ,
, 5 ( 5-3).

( 1)
( )
, DSBSC :
,

- ,

, DSBSC ,
. DSBSC AM.

, DSBSC ,
,
. ,
, - . , , ,
DSBSC
,
. (sidebands)

, ,
()
(Double-SideBand Suppressed Carrier DSBSC).

, , 66% ,
- ,
. . . DSBSC
,
, DSBSC .

Emona DATEx
DSBSC . ,
(),
,
(). DSBSC
.
.

, ,
, , .

50 .

6-4 2008 Emona Instruments 6 DSBSC




NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

(* - NI ELVIS)

A DSBSC

1. , NI ELVIS ,
.

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) Manual ().

4. * , - NI DAQ .

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
.

7. .

8. * , - DAQ
, NI DAQ.

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx (DATEx soft front-panel - SFP).

11. , DATEx
PDM/TDM PCM Encoder ()
(DATEx SFP).
: , PCM Decoder
( ) DATEx .

6 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 6-5


12. (VI) NI ELVIS.

12. 1 ( 1-
13), , Trigger Source ( )
CH A.

13. , 4.

: GND
().

MASTER MULTIPLIER
SIGNALS

DC
X
AC

DC SCOPE
CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE
kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY

. 4

-, 5.
: DSBSC = the message the carrier
(DSBSC = )

Message
Master Multiplier To Ch.A
Signals module

Y
DSBSC signal
2kHz To Ch.B
X
100kHz
carrier

Master
Signals

. 5
Master Signals , Multiplier module , 100 kHz carrier 100 ,
Message To Ch.A , DSBSC signal To Ch.B DSBSC B

6-6 2008 Emona Instruments 6 DSBSC


,
:
DSBSC = 4Vp-p 2kHz sine 4Vp-p 100kHz sine
(DSBSC = 4Vp-p 2 4Vp-p 100 )

15. Timebase ,
Master Signals
( ).

16. B ON/OFF Channel B


Display,
Multiplier ().

17. Channel A Scale ( )


1V/div, Channel B Scale ( )-
2V/div.

18. ,
, .
: , AM -
.

6 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 6-7



,
.

19. DSBSC ,
, Channel A Position (
) .

1
, DSBSC
? : ,
.

,
.

2
DSBSC ,
. 2 ?
.

.
( , ).

3
,
DSBSC , ?

. 98 102.

4
DSBSC , AM ?

.. , , ,
66% .


,
.

6-8 2008 Emona Instruments 6 DSBSC


B DSBSC
DSBSC ,
. ,
.
, DSBSC ,
.

20. 2kHz SINE Master Signals (


).

21. Speech ( ),
6.

: .

SEQUENCE MASTER MULTIPLIER


GENERATOR SIGNALS
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
OO NRZ-L AC
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz AC
X SINE
kXY
100kHz
Y COS MULTIPLIER CH B
CLK 100kHz
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY

. 6

22. Timebase ( )
1ms/div.

23. , .

5
,
,?

DSBSC , .
, , , .

6 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 6-9



,
.

C

.

24. Timebase ( )
100s/div.

25. DATEx Amplifier ()


Gain ( ) ,
( "9
").

26. , 7.

MASTER NOISE MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR

0dB DC
X
-6dB AC

-20dB DC SCOPE
CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE AMPLIFIER
kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz GAIN
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
IN OUT
2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY

. 7

6-10 2008 Emona Instruments 6 DSBSC


, 7, - 8.
Amplifier () .

Message
Amplifier
To Ch.A
Y
DSBSC signal
2kHz To Ch.B
X
100kHz
carrier

. 8
Amplifier - , Message To Ch.A ,
DSBSC signal To Ch.B DSBSC B, 100kHz carrier 100

: DSBSC
, .

5, ,
(Modulation index -
m). P Q. , ,
5-14, .

27. , -
Gain ( ) Amplifier ().
, P Q DSBSC .

6
, 27,
, .

P Q .
Q.

P.
P Q.

6 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 6-11


, DSBSC .
,
. , Q DSBSC 0.

, , .

. , DSBSC
(, ). , DSBSC
. ,
DSBSC .

, DSBSC ,
, , ,
, . .
, ,
, . ,
DSBSC .

28. Gain ( )
, DSBSC .

1: Channel Bs Autoscale
( )
.

2: , .

29. DSBSC .

6-12 2008 Emona Instruments 6 DSBSC


7
?

(Clipping)


,
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

6 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 6-13


6-14 2008 Emona Instruments 6 DSBSC
...:

7 - AM DSBSC

7 AM DSBSC


5 6 Emona DATEx
AM DSBSC .
, 1 AM DSBSC ,
(,
1 100 ).

AM signal

DSBSC
signal

. 1

, .
.
AM DSBSC. ,
, .

AM = (DC + message) the carrier DSBSC = the message the carrier


AM = (DC + ) DSBSC =

, , ,
, AM DSBSC :

7-2 2008 Emona Instruments 7 - AM DSBSC


AM DSBSC Description

100 -

,
101 101
(
USB)
,
99 99
( LSB)

, AM , DSBSC .

,
( Y) ( X). , , ,
.

, AM DSBSC ,
, X
, , . ,
(frequency domain). AM DSBSC , 1,
, , 2.

Voltage or power

AM

frequency
99kHz 100kHz 101kHz
LSB Carrier USB
V or P

DSBSC

frequency
99kHz 100kHz 101kHz
LSB USB

. 2
Voltage or power (V or P) , frequency -

7 - AM DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 7-3



, .. ,
. ,
.
.

AM DSBSC .
, 2 ,
. (Bandwidth BW)
:

BW USB LSB

, , AM DSBSC ,
2, 2. ,
, ,
USB LSB.

2 (2) ,
(1 - 100 - ).
,
, . :

BW 2 f m fm =

, ,
.

Emona DATEx AM DSBSC


,
(Dynamic Signal Analyzer) NI ELVIS

50 .



NI ELVIS I II

NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )
"" (2 )

7-4 2008 Emona Instruments 7 - AM DSBSC


(* , NI ELVIS I)

A AM
AM , .

1. , NI ELVIS ,
.
2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

31. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) Manual ().
4. * , - NI DAQ .

51. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ


.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
.

7. , .

82. * , - NI DAQ
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.


,
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

7 - AM DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 7-5


11. Control Mode ( )
,
Manual ().

12. (VI) Variable Power Supplies


( ) NI ELVIS.

13. Voltage ()
,
.

14. Adder () DATEx


G g
.

15. , 3.

MASTER FUNCTION ADDER MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR

DC
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE
ACH1 DAC1 G kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz g
SINE
B GA+gB Y DC kXY

. 3

16. (VI) NI ELVIS DMM (


, ).

17. DC (
).

18. Adder () HI
g , 1 .

19. .

20. Control Mode ( ) Function


Generator ( ) ,
Manual ().

21. (VI) Function Generator (


).

7-6 2008 Emona Instruments 7 - AM DSBSC


22. , ON/OFF (/)

23. ,
, :

Waveshape: Sine - :
Frequency: 10kHz - : 10 ( )
Amplitude - :
DC Offset: 0V (DC): 0

24. ,
.

25. (VI) Oscilloscope NI ELVIS ().

26. 1,
:

Trigger Source ( )
CH A Immediate ()
Coupling ( ) A
DC AC
Scale () A 500 /.
Timebase ( ) 50s/div
(50/)

27. G Adder ()
, 1 .

28. Trigger Source ( )


CH A, Trigger Level (
) 1 .

29. B ,
, .

: Scale ()
1 /., AM
, . ,
. 11.

7 - AM DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 7-7


-, 4.
: AM = (1VDC + 1Vp-p 10kHz sine) 4Vp-p 100kHz sine.

Message
To Ch.A
A X
AM signal
10kHz To Ch.B
B Y
100kHz
carrier

. 4
Message To Ch. A , AM signal To Ch. B B,
100kHz carrier 100

1
,
?

90kHz, 100kHz and 110kHz.

2
, . :
, , .

20kHz.


,
.

7-8 2008 Emona Instruments 7 - AM DSBSC


B NI ELVIS

30. .

31. (VI) Dynamic Signal


Analyzer ( ) NI ELVIS.

:
, , 5

32. :

General ()
Sampling () Run ()

Input Settings ( )
Source Channel ( : 10
) Scope
CHB ( B )

FFT Settings (
) Averaging ()

Frequency Span ( Mode () RMS


) - 150,000 ( )
Resolution () - Weighting ()
400 Exponential ()
Window () - 7 # of Averages ( ): 3
Term B-Harris

7 - AM DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 7-9


Triggering ( )
Triggering ( ) -
FGEN SYNC_OUT

Frequency Display (
) Markers () - OFF (
)
Units ( ) -
dB
RMS/Peak (
/ ) -
RMS
Scale () -
Auto ()

:
, ,
6.

, , .
, , , , , , .
(
, ). , AM ,
29.

7-10 2008 Emona Instruments 7 - AM DSBSC


. ,
AM ,
2 .
,
, FFT ,
.

C AM
AM
, ,
, , 1 2.

33. Markers ().

1: ON (.)
OFF (.).

2:
.
, Markers () ,
.

NI ELVIS M1 M2, NI
ELVIS . ,
.

34. M1.

: ,
M1 .

35. 34 M2.

:
Marker Position ( ) ,
Markers ON/OFF ( HELP).

7 - AM DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 7-11



, .
.

36. , .

37. .

: ,
.

, X
. , 0 ,
. ,
.

38. M1 .

39. M2 AM .

: ,
.

40. 1
.

41. M2 AM
. 40.

: .

42. M2 AM
. 40.

: .

43. M1 AM
AM .

7-12 2008 Emona Instruments 7 - AM DSBSC


1

(LSB)

(USB)

3
1 ,
( 1 2)? ,
.

.

NI ELVIS.


,
.

: -
, . ,
. , ,
(.. ).
, . :

44. Units ( )
Linear() dB ().

:
, .

45. .

46. Units ( )
dB ().

47. Function Generator


( ) 20 .

7 - AM DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 7-13


48. ,
AM . 2.

: 30 ,
.

49. 30 .

50. AM .

2

fm = 20

fm = 30

4
AM
?

AM .


,
.

51. 10 .

52. ,
, "" X
Multiplier ().

53. , ,
.

7-14 2008 Emona Instruments 7 - AM DSBSC


5
?

100 .

6
?

,
" ".

54. "" X .

55. "" Y .

56. , ,
.

7
?

10 .

8
, ?


.
( !).


,
.

7 - AM DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 7-15


D DSBSC
DSBSC, DSBSC .
.

57. .

58. .

59. (VI) Function Generator


( ) ,
10 .

60.
1 .

61. , 7.

MASTER FUNCTION MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR

DC
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE
ACH1 DAC1 kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY

- 8 .
:

DSBSC = 1Vp-p 10kHz sine 4Vp-p 100kHz sine.


(DSBSC = ( 1 , 10 ) ( 4 , 100 )).

7-16 2008 Emona Instruments 7 - AM DSBSC


Message
To Ch.A
Y
DSBSC signal
10kHz To Ch.B
X
100kHz
carrier

8
100 kHz carrier 100 ,
Message To Ch.A A, DSBSC signal To Ch. DSBSC ,

62. Oscilloscope NI ELVIS ().

63. 1, ,
Trigger Source ( )
CH A.

64. Timebase (
) ,
.

65. B , DSBSC
, .

66. Autoscale () .

: DSBSC ,
,
.

9
,
?

90 110 .

10
DSBSC .

20

7 - AM DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 7-17



,
.

E DSBSC

67. .

68. (VI) Dynamic Signal Analyzer NI ELVIS


( ) , 32.

: DSBSC
.

, . ,
(, Y
, ).
DSBSC , DSBSC
. s
DSBSC suppressed ("").

69. Markers ().

70. M1 DSBSC .

71. 3.

72. M1 DSBSC
. 71.

73. ,
DSBSC .

LSB

USB

7-18 2008 Emona Instruments 7 - AM DSBSC


11
(
9 10)?

12
DSBSC AM
10 ( 1).
, AM DSBSC ?


,
.

74 DSBSC
(20 30 ).

13

DSBSC ?

DSBSC .


,
.

7 - AM DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 7-19


7-20 2008 Emona Instruments 7 - AM DSBSC
...:

8
8 - AM


5, , ,
2 . AM
, ( ,
, ).

, .
.
, AM ,
. - 1
.

RC
Rectifier
LPF
Recovered
AM signal message

Rectified AM signal

(Rectifier) "" AM ,
( , ).
(Rectified AM signal) RC (RC LPF),
. .. AM ,
. ,
, (Recovered message)
, .. AM .

, 1, ,
AM .
, , AM
. ,
.

8-2 2008 Emona Instruments 8 AM



Emona DATEx AM
.
.

, AM
AM .
, AM
.

, , AM ,
, , .

A D 50 ,
E 20 .



NI ELVIS I II

NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

8 AM 2008 Emona Instruments 8-3


(* NI ELVIS I)

A AM
,
AM .

1. , NI ELVIS ,
.

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) Manual ().

4. * , - NI DAQ .

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.
: .

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
.

7. .

8. * , - NI DAQ.
: ,
, NI DAQ. -
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

11. Control Mode ( )


,
Manual ().

12. (VI) Variable Power Supplies


( ) NI ELVIS.

13 Voltage ()
,
.

14. Adder () DATEx


G g
.

8-4 2008 Emona Instruments 8 AM


15. , 2.

MASTER FUNCTION ADDER MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR

DC
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE
ACH1 DAC1 G kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz g
SINE
B GA+gB Y DC kXY

16. (VI) NI ELVIS DMM (


, ).

17. DC (
).

18. Adder () HI
g ,
1 .

19. .

20. (VI) Oscilloscope NI ELVIS ().

21. 1,
:

Trigger Source ( )
CH A Immediate ()
Coupling ( ) A
DC AC
Scale () A 500 /.

22. G Adder () ,
1 .

23. Trigger Source ( )


CH A, Trigger Level (
) 1 .

8 AM 2008 Emona Instruments 8-5


24. B ,
, .

: Scale ()
1 /., AM
, . ,
. 11.

, 2 , -
3 . 100 (100 kHz carrier),
2 .

Message
To Ch.A
A X
AM signal
2kHz To Ch.B
B Y
100kHz
carrier

3
Message To Ch. A , AM signal To Ch. B B,
100 kHz carrier - 100


,
.

8-6 2008 Emona Instruments 8 AM


B c

25. , 4.

: .

MASTER FUNCTION ADDER MULTIPLIER UTILITIES


SIGNALS GENERATOR
COMPARATOR
REF

DC
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y IN OUT
100kHz AC
SINE RECTIFIER
ACH1 DAC1 G kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL DIODE & RC LPF
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL + RC LPF
2kHz g
SINE
B GA+gB Y DC kXY

, 4 -
, 5. ,
.

To Ch.B

AM Peak Demodulated
Rectifier
signal detector AM signal

RC LPF

5
AM signal , Rectifier - , Peak detector ,
RC LPF RC , To Ch.B , Demodulated AM signal

8 AM 2008 Emona Instruments 8-7


26. Scale
() Timebase ( ).

27.
, , .

: , AM
.

28. Channel B ( B) Rectifier


() RC LPF ().

29. AM
.

8-8 2008 Emona Instruments 8 AM


1
?

( ).


,
.

30. (
G Adder ()
), .

2
?

31. ,
.

3
?
: , A
AM .

4
?

AM
.

8 AM 2008 Emona Instruments 8-9



,
.

D AM
, ""
2 .
, , .

32. A , ,
4, Adder ().

33. , 200
( G Adder).

34. 6.

MASTER FUNCTION ADDER MULTIPLIER UTILITIES


SIGNALS GENERATOR
COMPARATOR
REF

DC
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y IN OUT
10 0kHz AC
SINE RECTIFIER
ACH1 DAC1 G kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL DIODE & RC LPF
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL + RC LPF
2kHz g
SINE
B GA+gB Y DC kXY

SEQUENCE NOISE
GENERATOR GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O
0dB
1
OO NRZ-L -6dB
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI -20dB
1 1 NRZ-M

X
AMPLIFIER
Y
CLK
SPEECH
GAIN

GND IN OUT

GND

8- 2008 Emona Instruments 8 AM


10
35. Timebase ( )
5ms/div (5 /).

36. Gain () Amplifier


() .

37. , Amplifier
().

38. .

39. ,
Gain () Amplifier () ,
.

40. ,
.


,
.

E AM
AM ,
. ,
, (
, , ),
.:

- ,
-

, .. ,
. ,
, AM . , AM ,
. , AM
, ,
:

Rectifiers output = carrier (carrier + message) (carrier message)


( = ( + ) ( ))

, AM ,
, ,
:

8 AM 2008 Emona Instruments 8-11


+ ( + )
+ ( - )
( + ) + ( - )

- ( + ) =
- ( - ) =
( + ) - ( - )

, . AM
, , 100 ,
2 (
). , AM :
100 , 102 98 . 1 , ,
.

1 100 102 100 98 98 102

202 198 200

2 2 4

, . ,
! ,
.

, , , , ,
, ,
().
. ,
, .
"" .

[ : 4 ,
,
2 . , , , .
, ,
,
.]


Multiplier () Emona DATEx. ,
AM ( ),
, 100 .
AM
.

8- 2008 Emona Instruments 8 AM


12
41. Timebase ( )
(, 200s/div.).

42. , 7, AM
2 .

MASTER FUNCTION ADDER MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR

DC
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE
ACH1 DAC1 G kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz g
SINE
B GA+gB Y DC kXY

43. , 0.5
( G Adder ().

44 , 8.

MASTER FUNCTION ADDER MULTIPLIER UTILITIES


SIGNALS GENERATOR
COMPARATOR
REF

DC
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y IN OUT
100kHz AC
SINE RECTIFIER
ACH1 DAC1 G kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL DIODE & RC LPF
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL + RC LPF
2kHz g
SINE
B GA+gB Y DC kXY

-,
9. Multiplier () AM
, RC Utilities ( ) ,
.

8 AM 2008 Emona Instruments 8-13


To Ch.B

Y Demodulated
AM signal
AM signal

X
100kHz
local carrier

9
AM signal , 100 kHz local carrier 100 ,
To Ch.B , Demodulated AM signal

45. ,
( 8-8).

5
AM ( 100 , 102 98 )
100 :

A) ?

B) ?

A) .

B) 198 , - 200 , - 202kHz


2 . ,
. , ,
, . (: 4
).

46. Channel B ( B) Multiplier


() RC LPF (RC ).

47. RC RC
, ( 8-8).

8- 2008 Emona Instruments 8 AM


14

,
.

AM ,
, . , AM
(
3), .

AM ,
( , ,
) ,
AM .
.

48. Channel A ( A) AM .

48. Trigger Source ( )


CH B.

49. ,
G Adder (), AM ,
100%.

: , , AM
.

50. , AM ,
, 100%,
.

,
C (
). C
100%,
AM , 3. , ,
, ,

. , ,

.


,
.

8 AM 2008 Emona Instruments 8-15


8- 2008 Emona Instruments 8 AM
16
...:

9
(DSBSC)
9 -
DSBSC


8 ,
(..
). ,
DSBSC ( ).

, , ,
.
- ,
( ,
). , , DSBSC
.

DSBSC
( - ), -
1. :
.

1
DSBSC signal DSBSC , Multiplier , Local carrier ,
Local oscillator , Low-pass filter , Demodulated DSBSC signal
DSBSC

, ,
, .
DSBSC ,
.
.

, ,
:

DSBSC demodulators output = the DSBSC signal the local carrier


( DSBSC = DSBSC )

9-2 2008 Emona Instruments 9 DSBSC


, DSBSC
, ,
( 6). ,
DSBSC , :

DSBSC demodulators output = [(carrier + message) + (carrier message)] carrier


( DSBSC = [( + ) + ( )] )

, :

+ ( + )
+ ( - )

- ( + ) =

- ( - ), =

( , ,
.
,
.)

, .
, .
,
.

, .
, ,
, .

Emona DATEx DSBSC


. ,
.

, DSBSC

DSBSC. -
DSBSC .

, ,
.

1 .

9 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 9-3




NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

(* NI ELVIS I)

A DSBSC
DSBSC DSBSC .

1. , NI ELVIS ,
.

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) Manual ().

4. * , - NI DAQ .

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.
: .

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
.

7. .

8. * , - NI DAQ.
: ,
, NI DAQ.

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

9-4 2008 Emona Instruments 9 DSBSC


11. (VI) NI ELVIS.

12. 1 ( 1-
13), , Trigger Source ( )
CH A.

13. , 2.

MASTER MULTIPLIER
SIGNALS

DC
X
AC

DC SCOPE
CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE
kXY
100kHz
COS MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY

- 3.
100 , DSBSC
2 .

Message
To Ch.A
Master Multiplier
Signals module
Y
DSBSC signal
2kHz To Ch.B
X
100kHz
carrier

Master
Signals

3
Master Signals , Multiplier module ,
100 kHz carrier 100 ,
MessageTo Ch.A , DSBSC signal To Ch.B DSBSC ,


,
.

9 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 9-5


14. Timebase (
) ,
Master Signals ( ).

15. Channel B ( B) , DSBSC,


Multiplier () ,
.

: Multiplier DSBSC ,
.

16. Channel A Scale ( A)


1V/div (1 /.), Channel B Scale (2V/div) 2 /.

17.
, , .

: , DSBSC
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

9-6 2008 Emona Instruments 9 DSBSC



,
.

9 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 9-7


B

18. Tuneable Low-pass Filter ( )


DATEx
Gain () .

19. Cut-off Frequency Adjust (


) Tuneable Low-pass Filter ( )
.

20. , 4.

MASTER MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE


SIGNALS LPF

DC
X
AC f C x10 0

DC SCOPE
CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE
kXY
100kHz
COS fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL GAIN

2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY IN OUT

-,
5.
, DSBSC
.

Multiplier Tuneable
module Low-pass filter

DSBSC X Demodulated
signal DSBSC signal
To Ch.B
Y
100kHz
local carrier

Master
Signals

5
DSBSC signal - DSBSC , Multiplier module ,
100 kHz local carrier 100 ,
Master Signals , Tuneable Low-pass Filter - ,
Demodulated DSBSC signal To Ch.B DSBSC

9-8 2008 Emona Instruments 9 DSBSC


-, 6.
- ""
. ,
DSBSC .

6
DSBSC modulator - DSBSC : 100 kHz carrier 100 ,
Product detector : "Stolen" local carrier ""

21. DSBSC
.

1

? : ,
.

DSBSC (
, ,
,
).


,
.

9 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 9-9


C

22. Amplifier () DATEx


Gain ()
.

23. 2kHz SINE ( 2 ) Master Signals


( ).

24. Amplifier () , 7.

MASTER NOISE MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF

0dB DC
X
-6dB AC f C x10 0

-20dB DC SCOPE
CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE AMPLIFIER
kXY
100kHz
COS fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz GAIN
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL GAIN
IN OUT
2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY IN OUT

, . 7, - 8.
Amplifier () .

Message
Amplifier
To Ch.A
Y
DSBSC signal
2kHz
X
100kHz
carrier

8
100 kHz carrier 100 , Amplifier ,
Message To Ch.A , DSBSC signal - DSBSC ,

9-10 2008 Emona Instruments 9 DSBSC


25. (
Gain () Amplifier ()),
.

: TAB
DATEx.

2
?

26. ,
.

3
, ?
: , A
DSBSC Trigger Source
( ) CH B.

Y ( ).


,
.

9 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 9-11


D DSBSC
DSBSC
"" 2 .
, , .

27. Channel A
Trigger Source ( ),
3, .

28. , 9.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE NOISE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O
DC 0dB
1 X
AC f C x10 0 -6dB
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE -20dB
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE X
AMPLIFIER
kXY
100kHz
COS Y fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz GAIN
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL GAIN
GND IN OUT
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY IN OUT

29. Timebase ( )
500s/div (500 /).

30. Gain () Amplifier


() .

31. , .

32. .

33. ,
Gain () Amplifier .

34. ,
.

9-12 2008 Emona Instruments 9 DSBSC



,
.

E
, DSBSC,

.
.


, .
, ,
.
, ,
, .
, . ,
.

( 10),
, , ,
, .
, .
45, .
90,
180 .

35. Gain () Amplifier


() .

36. Timebase ( )
100s/div (100 /).

37. Phase Shifter () DATEx


Phase Change ( )
180.

38. Phase Adjust ( )


Phase Shifter () .

9 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 9-13


39. , 10.

MASTER PHASE MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE NOISE


SIGNALS SHIFTER LPF GENERATOR

DC 0dB

LO
X
AC f C x10 0 -6dB

DC SCOPE -20dB
CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE PHASE
AMPLIFIER
kXY
100kHz O
COS fC
0 MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL O
180
8kHz GAIN
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL GAIN
IN OUT IN OUT
2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY IN OUT

10

- 11. Phase Shifter


() () DSBSC
.

Y X
O/P
2kHz
X Y
100kHz 100kHz phase shifted
carrier local carrier

Phase
Shifter

DSBSC modulator Product detector

11
DSBC modulator DSBC : 100 kHz carrier 100 ;
Product Detector :
100 kHz phase shifted local carrier 100 ,
Phase Shifter ,

9-14 2008 Emona Instruments 9 DSBSC


40. Amplifier (),
2 .

41. Phase Adjust


( ) Phase Shifter (), ,
.

42. TAB
Phase Adjust ( ) Phase
Shifter () ,
.

4

? :
, 9-13.

90 ( 180
)

43. 4, Channel A ( A)
100kHz SINE ( 100 ) Master Signals
( ), Channel B ( B) Phase
Shifter () Timebase (
) 5s/div (5 /.).

44. Phase Adjust ( )


Phase Shifter () TAB
.

5
,
?

45. 5, Channel A ( A)
2kHz SINE ( 2 ) Master Signals
( ), Channel B ( B) Tuneable
Low-pass Filter ( )
Timebase ( ) 100s/div (100
/).


,
.

9 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 9-15



DSBSC
,
, .
, .

(, 0,1 ),
, ,
, . (, 5 ),
, .
, .

,
.

46. Control Mode ( )


NI ELVIS , Manual ().

47. (VI) Function Generator (


).

48.
,
:

Waveshape: Sine ( : )
Frequency: 100kHz exactly (: 100 , )
Amplitude: 4Vp-p (: 4 ())
DC Offset: 0V ( : 0 )

9-16 2008 Emona Instruments 9 DSBSC


49. , 12.

MASTER FUNCTION MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE NOISE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF GENERATOR

DC 0dB
X
AC f C x10 0 -6dB

DC SCOPE -20dB
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE AMPLIFIER
ACH1 DAC1 kXY
100kHz
COS fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 GAIN
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL + GAIN
IN OUT
2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY IN OUT

12

-, 13.

( ) DSBSC .

Y X
O/P
2kHz
X Y
100kHz Independent
carrier local carrier

Function
Generator

DSBSC modulator Product detector

13
DSBC modulator DSBC ; 100 kHz carrier 100 ;
Product Detector : Function Generator - ,
Independet local carrier

9 DSBSC 2008 Emona Instruments 9-17


50. , .

51.
.

: , .

52. 99.8 .

53. 15 ,
,
.

: , 2 ,
100kHz SINE
( 100 ) Master Signals ( )
. ,
.

54. 100
, .

55. 100 .

56. 2kHz SINE ( 2 ) Master


Signals ( ) Speech
( ).

57. , ,
.

58. ,
.


,
.

9-18 2008 Emona Instruments 9 DSBSC


...:

10

(SSBSC)
10
SSBSC


, ,
, DSBSC
AM ( 66 %), .. .
( ),
.

- Single Sideband Suppressed


Carrier (SSBSC SSB), ,
. , SSB , ,
. , , ,
.

, SSB,
DSBSC AM, .

1 (Message),
(Unmodulated carrier) SSBSC (SSB signal).
, , ,
, .

10-2 2008 Emona Instruments 10 SSBSC &


SSB DSBSC ,
, .
. DSBSC
.
.

SSB ,
. ,
( ,
).

, ,
:

SSB = (message carrier) + (message with 90 of phase shift carrier with 90 of phase shift)
(SSB = ( ) + ( 90
90))

, ,
. ,
. ,
+90 -90, :

+ +

- -

+ + (
180)
- (
180)

, +90 -90,
, , ,
( + , ),
. ,
( ).

10 SSBSC & 2008 Emona Instruments 12-3


-, SSB , 2.

DSBSC

SSB
Message
(Sine) Carrier

DSBSC

2
Message (Sine) (), DSBSC 2- ,
Carrier , SSB 1-

SSB ,
, , DSBSC (
9).

Emona DATEx , ,
, SSB .
( "" ) ,
.

( ,
SSB ).
. , Phase Shifter () DATEx
(..,
). ,
90 , .

40 .

10-4 2008 Emona Instruments 10 SSBSC &




NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )
"" (2 )

(* - NI ELVIS I)

A SSB

1. , NI ELVIS ,
.

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ .

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.
: .

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
.

7. .

8. * , - NI DAQ.
: ,
, NI DAQ.

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

10 SSBSC & 2008 Emona Instruments 12-5


11. Control Mode ( )
NI ELVIS , Manual ().

12. (VI) Function Generator (


).

13.
,
:

Waveshape: Sine ( : )
Frequency: 10 kHz exactly (: 10 , )
Amplitude: 4Vp-p (: 4 )
DC Offset: 0V ( : 0 )

14. .

15. , 3.

FUNCTION PHASE
GENERATOR SHIFTER

LO

SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A

PHASE
ACH1 DAC1
O
0 CH B

O
ACH0 DAC0 180

VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+
IN OUT

- 4 ( )
, .

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

10-6 2008 Emona Instruments 10 SSBSC &


Message B
To Ch.B

Phase
Function Shifter
Generator

10kHz

Message A
To Ch.A

4
Function Generator , Phase Shifter ,
Message B To Ch.B B B, Message A To Ch.A A A

16. Phase Shifter ()


DATEx Phase Change (
) 180.

17. Phase Adjust ( )


Phase Shifter () .

18. (VI) NI ELVIS.

19. 1
Trigger Source ( )
SYNC_OUT.

20. Timebase
,
Function Generator ( ).

21. B .

22. , .

: , .

23. , 5 .

10 SSBSC & 2008 Emona Instruments 12-7


MASTER FUNCTION PHASE MULTIPLIER
SIGNALS GENERATOR SHIFTER

DC

LO
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE PHASE
ACH1 DAC1 kXY
100kHz O
COS 0 MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL O
ACH0 DAC0 180
8kHz
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
IN OUT
2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY

- 6.
100 (),
90.

Multiplier

X DSBSC
signal B

Y 100kHz
COS

Master
Message Signals
(Sine)
100kHz
SINE
To Ch.A
10kHz
X
Y DSBSC
signal A
To Ch.B
Multiplier

6
Message (Sine) (), To Ch.A , Multiplier ,
100 kHz COS 100 , 100 kHz SIN 100 , Master Signals ,
DSBSC signal B DSBSC , DSBSC signal A To Ch.B DSBSC A

10-8 2008 Emona Instruments 10 SSBSC &


24. , ,
DSBSC .

: Channel B Scale (
B) 2 /.

25. B
.

26. ,
DSBSC .

27. Adder () DATEx


G g .

28. , 7.

MASTER FUNCTION PHASE MULTIPLIER ADDER


SIGNALS GENERATOR SHIFTER

DC

LO
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE PHASE
ACH1 DAC1 kXY G
100kHz O
COS 0 MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL O
ACH0 DAC0 180
8kHz
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
IN OUT g
2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY B GA+gB

- 8 ( ).
, DSBSC .
DSBSC , (
) , .

10 SSBSC & 2008 Emona Instruments 12-9


X DSBSC

Y 100kHz
COS B Adder

Carrier SSB signal


Message
To Ch. B
(Sine)
100kHz A
SINE

10kHz
X
Y

DSBSC

8
Message (Sine) (), DSBSC signal DSBSC , Carrier - ,
100 kHz COS 100 , 100 kHz SIN 100 , Adder - ,
SSB signal To Ch.B SSB ,

1
SSB.
, ?
: , ,
.

1) , , 90.

2) ,
.


,
.

10-10 2008 Emona Instruments 10 SSBSC &


,
SSB .

29. A .

30. B Adder ().

: , B
, .

31. G Adder ()
, 4 .

: , TAB

DATEx.

32. B
A.

: ,
, .

33. g Adder ()
, 4 .

34. A .

.
.

35. Phase Adjust


( ) Phase Shifter () ,
.

: Phase
Adjust , DSBSC . ,
, , ""
.

36. Channel B Scale ( B)


500mV/div (500 /.).

37. Phase Adjust Phase Shifter


() ,
"".

90.

10 SSBSC & 2008 Emona Instruments 12-11


38. G Adder
() "".

39. Phase Adjust


( ) Phase Shifter ()
"".

"",

90.
SSBSC.

2
SSB?
: ,
.

3
SSB
?

90 110 .


,
.

B SSB
SSB
, ,
2 3.

40. , RUN
.

: .

41. (VI) Dynamic Signal Analyzer NI ELVIS


( ).

:
.

10-12 2008 Emona Instruments 10 SSBSC &


42. :

General ()

Sampling () Run ()

Input Settings ( )

Source Channel ( Voltage Range 10V (


) - Scope CHB : 10 )
( B )

FFT Settings (
) Averaging ()

Frequency Span ( ) Mode () - RMS


- 150,000 ( )
Resolution () - Weighting () -
400 Exponential ()
Window () - 7 # of Averages ( ):
Term B-Harris 3

Triggering ( )
Triggering ( ) -
FGEN SYNC_OUT

Frequency Display (
)
Markers () - OFF
Units ( ) - ( )
dB
RMS/Peak
(/
) - RMS
Scale () -
Auto ()

43. , .

44. M1
.

4
, ,
SSB ?

10 SSBSC & 2008 Emona Instruments 12-13


45. M1 - ,
, .

: -
. ,
( Y - ,
).

5
.

1) 90.

2) - .

46. Phase Adjust ( )


Phase Shifter () ,
.

:
.

6
Phase Adjust ( )
Phase Shifter () SSBSC
?

.
.

47. ,
.


,
.

10-14 2008 Emona Instruments 10 SSBSC &


C

48. .

49. , RUN ().

50. A
Channel B Scale ( B) 1V/div (1 /.)/

51. Tuneable Low-pass Filter ( )


DATEx Gain
() .

52. Cut-off Frequency Adjust (


) Tuneable Low-pass Filter ( )
.

53. 9.

MASTER FUNCTION PHASE MULTIPLIER ADDER


SIGNALS GENERATOR SHIFTER

DC

LO
X
AC

DC SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE PHASE
ACH1 DAC1 kXY G
100kHz O
COS 0 MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz A
DIGITAL O
ACH0 DAC0 180
8kHz
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
IN OUT g
2kHz
SINE
Y DC kXY B GA+gB

MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE
LPF

X DC f C x10 0

Y DC kXY

SERIAL TO
PARALLEL
fC
S/ P

SERIAL X1
GAIN

CLK X2 IN OUT

10 SSBSC & 2008 Emona Instruments 12-15


, 9, -
10.
, SSB ,
.

Tuneable
Multiplier Low-pass Filter

X Demodulated
SSB
SSB signal
signal
To Ch.B
Y
100kHz "stolen"
local carrier

Master
Signals

10
SSB signal - SSB , Multiplier ,
100 kHz "stolen" local carrier 100 ,
Master Signals ,
Tunable Low-pass Filter - ,
Demodulated SSB signal To Ch. B SSB ,

54. ,
.

7
?


,
.

10-16 2008 Emona Instruments 10 SSBSC &


...:

11 - (FM)
11

,
(AM), (DSBSC)
(SSB)
,
( ). ,
,
.

, (frequency modulation FM)


, .
, FM
,
. FM
.

FM
. ,
0 ,
() .
0 ,
( ).
, , .

1
(Message), (Unmodulated carrier), FM
(FM signal).

1.

11-2 2008 Emona Instruments 11


FM. -,
, . -,
() . ,
0

. (: FM ,
,
).

,
, FM . 1 , FM
: , . ,
, .

FM ,
. FM ,
,
. ,
, DSBSC , , ,
SSBSC . , FM
, .
.

FM ,
, DSBSC SSBSC ,
,
.
, FM
FM ,
. ,
FM .

, FM ,
Emona DATEx , (VCO),

ELVIS (NI ELVIS Function Generator), FM
, .

FM
. ,
. ,
,
. , FM
(Dynamic Signal Analyzer) NI ELVIS,

.

40 .

11 2008 Emona Instruments 11-3




NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

(* NI ELVIS I)

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( )).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS POWER
ON (),
PROTOTYPING BOARD POWER .

7. , .

8. * DAQ-
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

11. Control Mode ( )


NI ELVIS , Manual ()

12. (VI) Function Generator (


).

11-4 2008 Emona Instruments 11


13. ON/OFF
, .

14.
,
:

Waveshape: Sine ( : )
Frequency: 20 kHz (: 10 )
Amplitude: 4Vp-p (: 4 )
DC Offset: 0V ( : 0 )

15. , ,
.

16. 2.

MASTER FUNCTION
SIGNALS GENERATOR

SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz ACH1 DAC1
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz
SINE

-, 3.
VCO 2
MASTER SIGNALS ( ), VCO FM
20 .

Message
To Ch.A
Master Signals VCO

FM signal
2kHz To Ch.B

20kHz rest
frequency

3
Master Signals , VCO ,
20 kHz rest frequency 20 ,
Message To Ch.A A, FM signal To Ch.B FM B,

11 2008 Emona Instruments 11-5


17. (VI) NI ELVIS.

18. 1
:

Trigger Source ( ) - Immediate


(), CH A ( A)
Timebase ( ) 100s/div (/.) 500s/div .

19. B FM
VCO .

20. Trigger Source


CH A ( ).

: ,
.

21. Trigger Level


2.5 2.5 Trigger
Level.

:
FM .

1
FM ?


,
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

11-6 2008 Emona Instruments 11


B FM ,
FM
. , , ,
.
FM , .

22. Trigger Level 0 .

23. 2kHz SINE


( 2 ).

24. SPEECH,
4.

SEQUENCE FUNCTION
GENERATOR GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O

1
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M ANALOG I/ O CH A

X
ACH1 DAC1
Y
CH B
CLK
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+
GND

GND

25. ( Timebase) 200s/div (/).

26. , , .


,
.

11 2008 Emona Instruments 11-7


Part C FM
, FM
. .

27. VCO IN Speech


( ).

28.
20 .

29. .

30. DATEx Amplifier


() Gain ( )
.

31. 5.

DIGITAL I/ O NOISE FUNCTION


GENERATOR GENERATOR

0dB

D IN-3 D OUT-3
-6dB

-20dB SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
D IN-2 D OUT-2
AMPLIFIER
ACH1 DAC1
CH B
D IN-1 D OUT-1

GAIN ACH0 DAC0


VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
D IN-0 D OUT-0
+
IN OUT
GND

- 6. VCO c
, 20 .

Amplifier VCO

OV
(GND) To Ch.B

20kHz rest
frequency

6
0V (GND) - , , Amplifier , VCO , ,
20kHz rest frequency - 20 , To Ch.B - B

11-8 2008 Emona Instruments 11


32. .

33. (VI) NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer ( ).

34. :

General ( )
Sampling () Run ()

Input Settings ( )

Source Channel ( ) - Voltage Range 10V (


Scope CHB ( B - 10 )
)

FFT Settings ( Averaging ()


)
Mode() RMS
Frequency Span ( ) 60,000) (
Resolution () 400) )
Window () 7 Term B-Harris (- Weighting ()
7- ) Exponential ()
# of Averages (
Triggering ( )
) 3
Triggering ( ) FGEN
SYNC_OUT ( SYNC_OUT
)

Frequency Display (
) Markers () OFF
()
Units() Linear ()
RMS/Peak(/
) RMS
Scale Auto ()

35. .

: ,
(Units) (Linear).

36. M1 ,
VCO 20 .

37. , ,
.
1.

1
,
2
V RMS

11 2008 Emona Instruments 11-9


?
, ,
2
V RMS
P . ,
R
. :
, .

38. 7.

MASTER NOISE FUNCTION


SIGNALS GENERATOR GENERATOR

0dB

-6dB

-20dB SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE AMPLIFIER
100kHz ACH1 DAC1
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz GAIN ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
IN OUT
2kHz
SINE

-, 8.
(AMPLIFIER) ,
. ,
.
,
( Units dB ( )).

Master Signals

To Ch.A
2kHz

20kHz rest
frequency

8
Master Signals , 20 kHz rest frequency - 20
To Ch.A - A

11-10 2008 Emona Instruments 11


39. 4 ,
Units Linear.

40. GAIN
,
.

41.
2.

42. 2.

2
VRMS

43. GAIN
, FM .

44. .. 41 42
3 .

11 2008 Emona Instruments 11-11


3

2
VRMS

2
2 3 1?

3
? .

, FM .
2
VRMS
P , ,
R
,
.


,
.

11-12 2008 Emona Instruments 11


D FM
FM ,
.
,
FM . ,
,
, 1%
.
( ) FM .

45. M1 FM
1 % ,
1.

46. M2 FM
1 % ,
1.

47. FM df ()
, . 4.

4

FM

4
, 20 ,
2 .

4 .

5
FM
?

FM , .

11 2008 Emona Instruments 11-13



,
.

48. ,
GAIN ( ).

49. .. 45-47 5.

5

FM

6
FM
?

FM .


,
.

11-14 2008 Emona Instruments 11


11 2008 Emona Instruments 11-15
...:

12 FM
12 FM


FM ,
(slope detector - SD), (Foster-Seeley
discriminator - FSD), (ratio detector - RD),
(phase-locked loop PLL), FM (quadrature FM
demodulator - QFMD) (zero-crossing detector - ZCD).
, Emona DATEx
, FM
.


ZCD
FM . - ZCD
1.

1
FM signal - FM , Demodulated message -

FM
,
ZCD .

, FM
,
. ( ,
, ). FM
,

.

2, FM
(
, ).
,
() , , ,
. 2 FM ,
.

12-2 2008 Emona Instruments 12 FM


FM signal 0V

Comparator's
output

0V

ZCD signal

0V

2
FM signal - FM , Comparator's output - ,
ZCD signal -

, ,
. 2,
,
.

FM ( 2),

. ,
, FM
.
().

,
, .

FM
(VCO) Emona DATEx.

.

50 .

12 FM 2008 Emona Instruments 12-3




NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

(* - NI ELVIS I)

A FM
FM ,
FM .
.

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. Control Mode ( ) DATEx (


) PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ .

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS POWER
ON (),
PROTOTYPING BOARD POWER .

7. , .

8. * DAQ-
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

12-4 2008 Emona Instruments 12 FM


11. Control Mode ( )
NI ELVIS , Manual ().

12. (VI) Function Generator (


) .

13.
,
:

Waveshape: Sine ( : )
Frequency: 15 kHz (: 15 )
Amplitude: 4Vp-p (: 4 )
DC Offset: 0V ( : 0 )

14. .

15. Control Mode


NI ELVIS Variable Power Supplies
, Manual ().

16. (VI) Variable Power Supplies.

17. Voltage

.

18. NI ELVIS Variable Power Supplies (


).

19. 3.

FUNCTION
GENERATOR

SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A

ACH1 DAC1
CH B

ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+

12 FM 2008 Emona Instruments 12-5


3 -, 4.

( ),
(VCO) FM
15 .

Message
To Ch.A
Variable DCV VCO

FM signal
DC V To Ch.B

15kHz rest
frequency

4
Variable DCV - ,
15 kHz rest frequency 15 , Message To Ch.A A
FM signal To Ch.B - FM B

20. (VI) NI ELVIS.

21. , 1
:

Scale ( ) A 2 /. 1 /.
Trigger Source ( ) - Immediate
() CH A ( A)
Coupling ( ) - DC (
- ) AC ( -
)

22. B, FM
VCO ( ).

23. Timebase ( ) ,
- FM .

24.
VOLTAGE VCO.


,
.

12-6 2008 Emona Instruments 12 FM


B ZCD

25. DATEx
TWIN PULSE GENERATOR WIDTH
( ) .

26. DELAY () TWIN PULSE


GENERATOR .

27. DATEx
Tuneable Low-pass Filter GAIN
() .

28. Cut-off Frequency Adjust ( )


Tuneable Low-pass Filter
.

29. 5.

FUNCTION SEQUENCE UTILITIES TWIN PULSE TUNEABLE


GENERATOR GENERATOR GENERATOR LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O 1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN OUT
X WIDTH
RECTIFIER
ACH1 DAC1
Y fC CH B
CLK Q2
DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+ RC LPF
DELAY GAIN
GND

GND CLK Q1 IN OUT

- ( 6).
UTILITIES ( ) FM
.
, ,
ZCD. FM ,

, RC
.

12 FM 2008 Emona Instruments 12-7


Utilities Twin Pulse RC LPF &
module Generator Tuneable LPF

FM Demodulated
ZCD
signal message
To Ch.B

6
FM signal - FM , Utilities module ,
Twin Pulse Generator - ,
RC LPF & Tuneable LPF - RC ,
ZCD , Demodulated message To Ch.B - B

: RC ,

.
(aliasing ),
. RC
(anti-aliasing) .
, RC-.

, , -,
7.

Message
To Ch.A

Demodulated
ZCD
message
DC V
To Ch.B
15kHz rest
frequency

FM modulator FM demodulator

7
FM modulator - FM : Message To Ch.A A,
DC V - , 15 kHz rest frequency 15 .
FM demodulator - FM : ZCD ,
Demodulated message To Ch.B - B

,
ZCD
.

12-8 2008 Emona Instruments 12 FM


30. -2 .

31. (Scale) B 100 /.

: 430
.
ZCD.

32. Cut-off Frequency Adjust (


) Tuneable Low-pass Filter ( )
,
.

1: .
.

2: Cut-off Frequency
Adjust ( ) ,
.

33.
0 -2 .

1:
, .

2: , ,
Coupling B DC


,
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
"modulation" () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

12 FM 2008 Emona Instruments 12-9


C ZCD

.

34. , . 8.

FUNCTION SEQUENCE UTILITIES TWIN PULSE TUNEABLE


GENERATOR GENERATOR GENERATOR LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O 1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN OUT
X WIDTH
RECTIFIER
ACH1 DAC1
Y fC CH B
CLK Q2
DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+ RC LPF
DELAY GAIN
GND

GND CLK Q1 IN OUT

- 9 .

FM signal Comparator's o/p


To Ch.A To Ch.B

Demodulated
ZCD
message
DC V

15kHz

FM modulator FM demodulator

9
FM modulator - FM : DC V - ,
FM signal To Ch.A FM A,
FM demodulator - FM : Comparator's o/p To Ch.B B
ZCD , Demodulated message -

12-10 2008 Emona Instruments 12 FM


35. Trigger Source ( )
SYNC_OUT ( ).

36.
.

: , FM
.

37. FM , (
) .

: A.

1
?

, .. .

2
?


,
.

12 FM 2008 Emona Instruments 12-11


38. A.

9. , 10.

FUNCTION SEQUENCE UTILITIES TWIN PULSE TUNEABLE


GENERATOR GENERATOR GENERATOR LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O 1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN OUT
X WIDTH
RECTIFIER
ACH1 DAC1
Y fC CH B
CLK Q2
DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+ RC LPF
DELAY GAIN
GND

GND CLK Q1 IN OUT

10

- 11.

Comparator's o/p ZCD's o/p


To Ch.A To Ch.B

Demodulated
ZCD
message
DC V

15kHz

FM modulator FM demodulator

11
FM modulator - FM : DC V - ,
FM demodulator - FM : Comparator's o/p To Ch.
ZCD , ZCD's o/p To Ch. B ZCD B
Demodulated message -

12-12 2008 Emona Instruments 12 FM


40. C
, FM .

41. ,
ZCD.

: .

42. .

43. ZCD,

.

: , ,
Channel A & B dT.

: A.

3
FM
?

4
??


,
.

12 FM 2008 Emona Instruments 12-13


,
.

44. .

45. 12.

FUNCTION SEQUENCE UTILITIES TWIN PULSE TUNEABLE


GENERATOR GENERATOR GENERATOR LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O 1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN OUT
X WIDTH
RECTIFIER
ACH1 DAC1
Y fC CH B
CLK Q2
DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+ RC LPF
DELAY GAIN
GND

GND CLK Q1 IN OUT

12

-, 13.

ZCD's o/p
To Ch.A

Demodulated
ZCD
message
DC V
To Ch.B
15kHz

FM modulator FM demodulator

13
FM modulator - FM : DC V - ,
FM demodulator - FM : ZCD ,
ZCD's o/p To Ch. ZCD
Demodulated message To Ch. -

FM

12-14 2008 Emona Instruments 12 FM


46. C
, FM .

47. (ZCD)
.

5

ZCD?

,
.

6
,
,
?

, .


,
.

12 FM 2008 Emona Instruments 12-15


D

,
, ,
, .

48. GAIN () Tuneable Low-pass Filter


( ) .

49. 14.

FUNCTION SEQUENCE UTILITIES TWIN PULSE TUNEABLE


GENERATOR GENERATOR GENERATOR LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O 1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN OUT
X WIDTH
RECTIFIER
ACH1 DAC1
Y fC CH B
CLK Q2
DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+ RC LPF
DELAY GAIN
GND

GND CLK Q1 IN OUT

MASTER
SIGNALS

100kHz
SINE
100kHz
COS
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz
SINE

14

FM -,
15. ,
2kHz SINE ( 2 )
Master Signals.

12-16 2008 Emona Instruments 12 FM


Message
To Ch.A
Master Signals VCO

FM signal
2kHz

15kHz

15
Master Signals - , VCO , ,
Message To Ch. A - , FM signal FM

50. :

Scale ( ) A 2 /. B 100 /.
Input Coupling ( ) AC (
)
Trigger Source ( ) CH A( A)
Timebase ( ) 200 /.

51. TAB
Cut-off Frequency Adjust ( )

:
2 250 .

7
FM
ZCD?

, ..
.


,
.

12 FM 2008 Emona Instruments 12-17


E

, .

52. 2kHz SINE


MASTER SIGNALS.

53. , 16.

FUNCTION SEQUENCE UTILITIES TWIN PULSE TUNEABLE


GENERATOR GENERATOR GENERATOR LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O 1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN OUT
X WIDTH
RECTIFIER
ACH1 DAC1
Y fC CH B
CLK Q2
DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+ RC LPF
DELAY GAIN
GND

GND CLK Q1 IN OUT

CHANNEL NOISE
MODULE GENERATOR

0dB

CHANNEL
BPF -6dB

-20dB
BASEBAND
LPF
AMPLIFIER

ADDER

NOISE
GAIN

SIGNAL CHANNEL IN OUT


OUT

16

54. 2 /.

55. AMPLIFIER () DATEx


GAIN
.

12-18 2008 Emona Instruments 12 FM


56. Amplifier
().

57. .

58. , .

59. - ,
.

60. ,
, -
. 40
.
.


,
.

12 FM 2008 Emona Instruments 12-19


...

13
13


.
. ,
.


, .
, , , ,
,
.

1 .
,
. ""
, .
"" ,
.
. 1b ,
.
(),
- ().

1a 1b
Message . Sampling signal - , Sampled message

13-2 2008 Emona Instruments 13


"" .
, , ?
,
,
:

, ,
,
:

= ( + +
)

( 1),

( ):

,
( ) .

,
.

, ,
, . ,

(), , ,
.


E.

DATEx
("" )
( ).

(NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer). ,

(aliasing ).

50 .

13 2008 Emona Instruments 13-3




NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

A

Dual Analog Switch ( ).

(* - NI ELVIS I)
1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
NI ELVIS.

7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx.

11. , DATEx
PDM/TDM PCM Coder (
) DATEx.

: , PCM Decoder (
) DATEx .

13-4 2008 Emona Instruments 13


12. , 2.

:
GND ( ).

MASTER DUAL ANALOG


SIGNALS SWITCH
S/ H

S&H S&H
IN OUT

SCOPE
CH A
IN 1
100kHz
SINE
100kHz
COS CH B
CONTROL 1
100kHz
DIGITAL CONTROL 2
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz
SINE
IN 2 OUT

2 - ( 3).
2kHz SINE( 2 )
MASTER SIGNALS ( )
DUAL ANALOG SWITCH .
8kHz DIGITAL ( 8
), .

Message
Master Dual Analog To Ch.A
Signals Switch
IN
Sampled message
22kHz
To Ch.B
CONTROL

8kHz

Master
Signals

3
Master Signals , Dual Analog Switch ,
In , Control - ,
Message To Ch.A A, Sampled message To Ch.B B,

13. (VI) NI ELVIS.

13 2008 Emona Instruments 13-5


14. , 1
( 1-13), Trigger Source
CH A( A).

15. (Timebase),
2kHz SINE
Master Signals.

16. B ON/OFF Channel B Display



.

:
, .

17. , (
), .

: () ,
( ).

1
?



2
?

1) .

2) .

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

13-6 2008 Emona Instruments 13



,
.

13 2008 Emona Instruments 13-7


18. 4.

,
, 4,
, , .
, .

MASTER DUAL ANALOG


SIGNALS SWITCH
S/ H

S&H S&H
IN OUT

SCOPE
CH A
IN 1
100kHz
SINE
100kHz
COS CH B
CONTROL 1
100kHz
DIGITAL CONTROL 2
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
2kHz
SINE
IN 2 OUT

-, 5,
().
( 2 ) ( 8
) .

13-8 2008 Emona Instruments 13


Message
Master Dual Analog To Ch.A
Signals Switch
IN
S/ H Sampled message
2kHz To Ch.B
CONTROL

8kHz

Master
Signals

5
Master Signals , Dual Analog Switch ,
S/H - (), In , Control - ,
Message To Ch.A A, Sampled message To Ch.B B,

19.
, , .

3
?

1) .

2)
.


,
.

13 2008 Emona Instruments 13-9


B
,
2 . ,

. ,
.

20. 2kHz SINE


Master Signals.

21. SPEECH ( )
6.

! , ,
.

SEQUENCE MASTER DUAL ANALOG


GENERATOR SIGNALS SWITCH
LINE S/ H
CODE
O

1 S&H S&H
OO NRZ-L IN OUT
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN 1
100kHz
X SINE
100kHz
Y COS CH B
CLK CONTROL 1
100kHz
DIGITAL CONTROL 2
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN 2 OUT

22. (Timebase ) 500 /.

23. - , .


,
.

13-10 2008 Emona Instruments 13


C
,
. ,
,
(NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer).
()
Fast Fourier Transform (FFT),
.
.

24. (Timebase)
100 /.

25. Speech
module 2kHz SINE
Master Signals.

: ,
19.

26. RUN ().

: "".

27. (VI) NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer VI ( ).

: ,
, 7.

7
28. :

13 2008 Emona Instruments 13-11


General ( )

Sampling () Run ()

Input Settings ( )

Source Channel ( ) - Voltage Range 10V


Scope CHB ( B ( - 10
) )

FFT Settings (
) Averaging ()
Frequency Span ( ) 40,000) Mode() RMS
Resolution () 400) (
Window () 7 Term B-Harris (- )
7- ) Weighting ()
Exponential
Triggering ( ) ()
# of Averages (
Triggering ( ) Source Channel
) 3
( )

Frequency Display ( )
Markers () OFF
Units () dB ( )
()
RMS/Peak (
/ ) RMS
Scale Auto ()

: ,
, 8.

13-12 2008 Emona Instruments 13


7,
. , - ,
.
( , ).

7, . 36
.

29. Markers ().

1: ON
(.) OFF (.).

2:
.
, Markers () ,
.

NI ELVIS M1 M2, NI
ELVIS . ,
.

30. M1.

: ,
M1 .

31. .30 M2.


.
.

32. , , .

33. , .

: .

13 2008 Emona Instruments 13-13


, X
. , 0 ,
. ,
.

34. M2 .

35. M1 .

: ,
.

2 ,
2 .

36. M1
, .


,
.

, ,
, . ,
, ,
, .
,
, . ,
, ,
, . ,
8 ,
8 (fs), 16 (2fs), 24 (3fs) ..


, .
.

13-14 2008 Emona Instruments 13



,
6 = 8 2 10 = 8 + 2 .

:
14 = 16 2 , 18 = 16 + 2 ,
22 = 24 2 , 26 = 24 + 2 ..


(Alias).

37. M1
1.

: .

1 4

2 5

3 6


,
.

?
,
. :

100 ,
8.3 2.08 ( 8 2 ).
,
,
, .

13 2008 Emona Instruments 13-15


D
,
, ,
.
.
.

38. RUN.

: .

39. RUN.

40. TUNEABLE LOW-PASS FILTER ( )


DATEx GAIN
( ) .

41. Cut-off Frequency Adjust ( )


.

42. 9.

MASTER DUAL ANALOG TUNEABLE


SIGNALS SWITCH LPF
S/ H

S&H S&H f C x10 0


IN OUT

SCOPE
CH A
IN 1
100kHz
SINE
100kHz
COS fC CH B
CONTROL 1
100kHz
DIGITAL CONTROL 2
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL GAIN
2kHz
SINE
IN 2 OUT IN OUT

13-16 2008 Emona Instruments 13


9 -, 10.
(TUNEABLE
LOW-PASS FILTER).

Message
To Ch.A
Tuneable
Low-pass filter
IN
S/ H Reconstructed
2kHz message
CONTROL
To Ch.B

8kHz

Sampling Reconstruction

10
Sampling : Message To Ch.A A, In ,
S/H , Control
Reconstruction : Tuneable Low-pass Filter ,
Reconstructed message To Ch. B

,
, , .
, Cut-off
Frequency Adjust .

43. Cut-off Frequency Adjust ( )


,

.


,
.

13 2008 Emona Instruments 13-17


E
,
, . , ,
, , 6 .

, .
, ,

, ,
,
. ,
,
( - aliasing).

,
( - )
(
).
.
, , ,
.

,
.

44. Control Mode ( ) NI ELVIS


Function Generator ( ) ,
MANUAL ( ).

45. (VI) Function Generator VI ( ).

46. ON/OFF ,

47. 8 .

: ,
SYNC.

13-18 2008 Emona Instruments 13


48. 11.

FUNCTION MASTER DUAL ANALOG TUNEABLE


GENERATOR SIGNALS SWITCH LPF
S/ H

S&H S&H f C x10 0


IN OUT

SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
IN 1
100kHz
SINE
ACH1 DAC1 100kHz
COS fC CH B
CONTROL 1
100kHz
DIGITAL CONTROL 2
ACH0 DAC0 8kHz
VARIABLE DC DIGITAL
TRIGGER
+ 2kHz
DIGITAL GAIN
2kHz
SINE
IN 2 OUT IN OUT

11

-, 12.
,
.

Message
To Ch.A

IN
S/ H Reconstructed
2kHz message
CONTROL
To Ch.B
Variable
frequency

Function
Generator

Sampling Reconstruction

12
Sampling : Message To Ch.A A, In ,
Function Generator , Variable frequence
S/H , Control
Reconstruction : Reconstructed message To Ch. B

13 2008 Emona Instruments 13-19


, .

49. (Timebase) 500 /.

50. 1000 ,
.

:
.

51. B (TUNEABLE
LOW-PASS FILTER) S&H
DUAL ANALOG SWITCH ( ).

52. .

53. .

4
?

1000 .

54. .

55. .

56. B .

57. 50 56, 3000 .

5
, - ,
?

- Aliasing.

6
,
4 ?

13-20 2008 Emona Instruments 13



,
.

58. - , 54 56.

59. 200 ,

.

60. 2.


(
)

7
,
2 ?
: , 13-18.

4 (2 2 )

8
,
,
7?

,
, .


,
.

13 2008 Emona Instruments 13-21


13-22 2008 Emona Instruments 13
...:

14 -
14 -


,
. ,
.

. - () pulse code
modulation (PCM).

-
( ).

:


( 13).

,
.

, .

( ).

..

,
. ,

.

,

, . ,
.
,
. ,
. .
,
, .

14-2 2008 Emona Instruments 14


PCM ENCODER ( ) Emona DATEx
PCM Encoder ,
. , (codec),
-2 +2 8-
, 256 ,
256 00000000 11111111.

(frame).
(7), 6- ..,
(0).
PCM Encoder -
Frame Synchronisation (FS).
FS (
15),
.

1 (PCM) ,
(Frame1, Frame2, Frame3), (Clock) (FS)
. 8 (Bit), 7 0. PCM
, ,
: 0 1.

PCM Encoder -
( ) :
, ,
. ,
.

1 .

14 2008 Emona Instruments 14-3




NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

(* - NI ELVIS I)
A

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( )).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
NI ELVIS.

7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx.

11. , DATEx
PDM/TDM PCM Coder (
) DATEx.

: , PCM Decoder (
) DATEx .

14-4 2008 Emona Instruments 14


12. Control Mode
Function Generator PC Control (
).

12. (VI) Function Generator ( )

14. ON/OFF
.

15. 10 .

: - ,
SYNC.

16. .

17. PCM ENCODER ( )


Emona DATEx
PCM ().

18. 2.

: GND.

SEQUENCE FUNCTION PCM


GENERATOR GENERATOR ENCODER
LINE
CODE
O

1
PCM
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI TDM SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M ANALOG I/ O CH A

X
ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS
Y
CH B
CLK
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+
GND
CLK PCM
DATA
GND

14 2008 Emona Instruments 14-5


2 -, 3.
(PCM ENCODER)
. 0 .

FS
PCM Encoder To Ch.A

OV
IN PCM data

CLK
PCM clock
10kHz To Ch.B

Function
Generator

3
PCM Encoder , In , CLK ,
Function Generator ,
FS To Ch. A , PCM data ,
PCM clock To Ch. B B

19. (VI) Oscilloscope NI ELVIS ().

20. , 1 ( 1-13)
:

Scale ( ) 2 /. 1 /.
Coupling ( ) DC ( )
AC ( )
Trigger Level ( ) 2 0 .
Timebase ( ) 200 /. 500 /.

21. Slope ( ) -
().

,
, FS c
.
, Slope.
,
.

14-6 2008 Emona Instruments 14


22. 100
/.

1:
(FS)
( 4).


.

2:
4
.

23. B Channel B Display ON/OFF


(CLK) (FS) .

: , .

24. ,
(. 14-9), .

: ,
.


,
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

14 2008 Emona Instruments 14-7


25. B PCM Encoder ( ),
5.

! , .

SEQUENCE FUNCTION PCM


GENERATOR GENERATOR ENCODER
LINE
CODE
O

1
PCM
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI TDM SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M ANALOG I/ O CH A

X
ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS
Y
CH B
CLK
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+
GND
CLK PCM
DATA
GND

-, 6.
10 , .
8 , 2
.

FS
To Ch.A

OV
IN PCM data
To Ch.B
CLK

10kHz

6
In , CLK ,
FS To Ch. A ,
PCM data To Ch. B B

26.
, .

14-8 2008 Emona Instruments 14


1
.
: ,
.

2
.

3
0 7.

14 2008 Emona Instruments 14-9


4
?

10000000.

- .

5
0 10000000, -
0000000?

,
, .


,
.

14-10 2008 Emona Instruments 14


B -
(0 )
. ,
, .

27. B .

28. Control Mode


NI ELVIS Variable Power Supplies PC Control
( ).

29. (VI) Variable Power Supplies


.

30. 0
RESET ()

31. .

32. , 7.

FUNCTION PCM
GENERATOR ENCODER

PCM

TDM SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A

ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS


CH B

ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1


VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+
CLK PCM
DATA

-, 8.
.

.

14 2008 Emona Instruments 14-11


Variable DC
To Ch.A
FS
To Trig.

IN PCM data
To Ch.B
CLK
Variable Power
Supplies 10kHz

8
Variable Power Supplies - ,
Variable DC To Ch.A - A,
In , CLK , FS To Trig. FS - ,
PCM data To Ch. B B

33. Trigger Source


TRIGGER ().

34. Channel A Scale ( A)


500 /..

35. B ,
.

36. .

:
.

: , ,
, , ,
.


,
.

14-12 2008 Emona Instruments 14


37.
-0.1 , ,
.

:
Voltage,
.

6

?

38. ,
00000000.

39. 1.

00000000


,
.

14 2008 Emona Instruments 14-13


40. , 9.

FUNCTION PCM
GENERATOR ENCODER

PCM

TDM SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A

ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS


CH B

ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1


VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+
CLK PCM
DATA

-, 10.

Variable DC
To Ch.A
FS
To Trig.

IN PCM data
To Ch.B
CLK
Variable Power
Supplies 10kHz

10
Variable Power Supplies - ,
Variable DC To Ch. - A,
In , CLK , FS To Trig. FS - ,
PCM data To Ch. B B

14-14 2008 Emona Instruments 14


41.
+0.1 , ,
.

7

?

42. ,
11111111 .

43. 2.

11111111

8
1 2 ,
?

5 . 1 2 2.5 .

9

1, 2 256
( ).

(+2.5 - -2.5 ) / 256 = 0.0195 19.5


,
.

14 2008 Emona Instruments 14-15


C
, ,
, , .

44.
Variable Power Supplies.

45. 11.

MASTER FUNCTION PCM


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER

PCM

TDM SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz CLK PCM
SINE DATA

11

46. 50 (Function
Generator).

47. (Timebase) 100 /.,


(Channel A Scale) 2 /.

48. .

: ,

FS.

10
?

,
.

14-16 2008 Emona Instruments 14



,
.

14 2008 Emona Instruments 14-17


14-18 2008 Emona Instruments 14
...:

15
15


-
(),
().
.

, .

,
(.. , -
).


. -
,
. ,
,
.
.

.
() .
. -,
(frame synchronisation), , ,
().
(),
.

15-2 2008 Emona Instruments 15


DATEx
(PCM Encoder), (PCM Decoder) Emona DATEx
8- , 00000000
-2 , 11111111 +2 .
, 2 . , 10000000,
00000000 11111111, 0
( +2 -2 ).

,
CLK ,
, . , ""
.

, DATEx
, FS .

Emona DATE
.
,
( ).
.
, .

45 .

NI ELVIS I II

NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)

Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

15 2008 Emona Instruments 15-3


(* - NI ELVIS I)

A
,
.

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
NI ELVIS.

7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

11. Control Mode


Variable Power Supplies ,
Manual ().

12. (VI) Variable Power Supplies ( ).

13. RESET ()
0 .

14. PCM ENCODER ( )


DATEx Mode
PCM ().

15-4 2008 Emona Instruments 15


15. , 1.

:
(GND).

MASTER FUNCTION PCM


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER

PCM

TDM SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz CLK PCM
SINE DATA

-, 2.
100kHz DIGITAL (
100 ) (Master Signals).

(Variable Power Supplies).

FS
To Ch.A

IN PCM data
To Ch.B
CLK
Variable Power
Supplies 100kHz

Master
Signals

2
Variable Power Supplies - , In ,
CLK , FS To Ch.A. FS - A,
PCM data To Ch. B B, Master Signals

15 2008 Emona Instruments 15-5


16. (VI) Oscilloscope NI ELVIS ().

17. , 1 ( 1-13)
:

Scale ( ) 2 /. 1 /.
Coupling ( ) DC ( )
AC ( )
Trigger Level ( ) 2 0 .
Timebase ( ) 10 /. 500 /.

18. Slope ( ) -
().

19. B Channel B Display ON/OFF


(PCM DATA) (FS).

20. Voltage
(Variable Power Supplies),
2.5 .

,
, . ,
.

21. Variable Power Supplies ( ).

22. Control Mode


Function Generator PC Control (
).

23. (VI) Function Generator ( ).

24. ON/OFF
.

25.
:
Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 500
Amplitude ( ): 4
DC Offset ( ): 0

26. .

27.
.

15-6 2008 Emona Instruments 15


28. 3.

! , .

MASTER FUNCTION PCM


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER

PCM

TDM SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz CLK PCM
SINE DATA

3 -, 4. ,
(PCM Encoder)
(Function Generator).

Function FS
Generator To Ch.A

500Hz IN PCM data


To Ch.B
CLK

100kHz

4
Function Generator , In , CLK ,
FS To Ch. A ,
PCM data To Ch. B B

PCM DATA ,
.

15 2008 Emona Instruments 15-7



,
.

29. B .

30. SLOPE ( ) +
().

31. 5.

MASTER FUNCTION PCM PCM


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER DECODER

GND

PCM
TDM
TDM SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS FS
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1 PCM OUTPUT2
DIGITAL DATA
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz CLK PCM CLK OUTPUT
SINE DATA

-, 6.
, ""
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

15-8 2008 Emona Instruments 15


Message
To Ch.A
"Stolen" FS
PCM Decoder
OUTPUT
500Hz IN To Ch.B
PCM
CLK DATA "Stolen" CLK

100kHz

PCM Encoding PCM Decoding

6
PCM Encoding - : Message To Ch. A ,
In , CLK
PCM Decoding - : PCM data - ,
"Stolen" FS ,
"Stolen" CLK , PCM Decoder ,
Output To Ch. B

32. :

Scale ( ) 1 /.
Coupling ( ) AC ( )
Trigger Level ( ) 0
Timebase ( ) 500 /.

33. B ,
(PCM Decoder).

1
?
?
: ,
13.


,
.

15 2008 Emona Instruments 15-9


,
. , ,
, .
.

34. .

35. (VI) NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer ( ).

36. :

General ( )

Sampling () - Run ()

Input Settings ( )
Source Channel ( ) - Voltage Range 10V (
Scope CHB ( B - 10 )
)

FFT Settings ( Averaging ()


)
Mode() RMS
Frequency Span ( ) 40,000 ( )
Resolution () 400 Weighting ()
Window () 7 Term B-Harris Exponential ()
(- 7- ) # of Averages (
) 3
Triggering ()
Triggering ( ) FGEN
SYNC_OUT (
SYNC_OUT )

Frequency Display ( )
Markers () OFF
Units() dB ( ()
)
RMS/Peak
(/
) RMS
Scale Auto ()

37. Markers.

38. M1
.

39. ,
, , .

15-10 2008 Emona Instruments 15



,
.

, ,
( 20 20 ,
12.5 ). ,
, . ,
-40 ( -40 1%
0 ).

100 ,
1/8 , .. 12.5 , .. 8 . ,
12.5 ( 80 ).
"" 80
12.5 , 2 x 12.5 = 25 , 3 x 12.5 = 37.5
.. , ,
.

40. AMPLIFIER (),


7, .

MASTER FUNCTION PCM PCM NOISE


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER DECODER GENERATOR

GND 0dB

PCM -6dB
TDM
TDM -20dB
ANALOG I/ O
100kHz
SINE AMPLIFIER
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS FS
COS
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1 PCM OUTPUT2 GAIN
DIGITAL DATA
VARIABLE DC
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz CLK PCM CLK OUTPUT IN OUT
SINE DATA

41. AMPLIFIER () DATEx


GAIN
.

42. ,
AMPLIFIER.

43. .

15 2008 Emona Instruments 15-11


44. GAIN
, .

45. , .

46. PCM Decoder ( ).

47. , 8,
.

MASTER FUNCTION PCM PCM NOISE


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER DECODER GENERATOR

GND 0dB

PCM -6dB
TDM
TDM -20dB
ANALOG I/ O
100kHz
SINE AMPLIFIER
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS FS
COS
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1 PCM OUTPUT2 GAIN
DIGITAL DATA
VARIABLE DC
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz CLK PCM CLK OUTPUT IN OUT
SINE DATA

48. . , , ,
-.

2

?


,
.

15-12 2008 Emona Instruments 15


C

, .

49. (Signal Analyzer)


(VI) (Oscilloscope).

50. , 2-3
.

: (Trigger Source)
(CH A).

51. ,
.

52. (Function Generator).

53. 9.

MASTER SEQUENCE PCM PCM


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER DECODER
LINE
CODE
O
GND
1
PCM
OO NRZ-L
SYNC TDM
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI TDM SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
100kHz
SINE X

100kHz INPUT 2 FS FS
COS Y
CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz INPUT 1 PCM OUTPUT2
DIGITAL DATA
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz CLK PCM CLK OUTPUT
SINE DATA
GND

54. (Timebase) 500 /.

55. , - ,
.


,
.

15 2008 Emona Instruments 15-13


D
, ,
. .

56. DATEx TUNEABLE LOW-PASS


FILTER ( )
GAIN .

57. Cut-off Frequency


.

58. SPEECH ( ).

59. , 10.

MASTER FUNCTION PCM PCM TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER DECODER LPF

GND

PCM f C x10 0
TDM
TDM SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS FS
COS fC CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1 PCM OUTPUT2
DIGITAL DATA
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL + GAIN
2kHz CLK PCM CLK OUTPUT
SINE DATA
IN OUT

10

10 -,
11.
.

15-14 2008 Emona Instruments 15


Message
To Ch.A
Tuneable
FS Low-pass Filter

Message
500Hz IN To Ch.B
PCM
CLK DATA CLK

100kHz

PCM Encoding PCM Decoding Reconstruction

11
PCM Encoding - : Message To Ch. A ,
In , CLK
PCM Decoding - : PCM data - ,
FS , CLK ,
Reconstruction : Tuneable Low- pass Filter ,
Message To Ch. B

60. (Cut-off Frequency)


, (
).

,
.

61. (AMPLIFIER) 12,


.

MASTER FUNCTION PCM PCM TUNEABLE NOISE


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER DECODER LPF GENERATOR

GND 0dB

PCM f C x10 0 -6dB


TDM
TDM -20dB
ANALOG I/ O
100kHz
SINE AMPLIFIER
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS FS
COS fC
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1 PCM OUTPUT2 GAIN
DIGITAL DATA
VARIABLE DC
2kHz
DIGITAL + GAIN
CLK PCM CLK OUTPUT IN OUT
2kHz
SINE DATA
IN OUT

12

15 2008 Emona Instruments 15-15


62. GAIN
.

63. .

64. GAIN ,
.

65. , .

66.
( 8).

67. , .

3
,
, ?
: ,
14.

- () .


,
.

15-16 2008 Emona Instruments 15


...:

16

16



.
,
, .

,
. ,
, .

,
, , ,
. ,
.

, ,
. -
.

, 1 , ,
, .

16-2 2008 Emona Instruments 16


, ,
( -
- ). 2 , 1,
40.

, , , 2, , ,
, . ,

, .


Emona DATEx
.
. ,
.

50 20
, .



NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )
"" (2 )

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-3


(* - NI ELVIS I)

A
, -
,
.

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
NI ELVIS.

7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

11. Control Mode


(Function Generator) , Manual
().

12. (VI) Function Generator ( )

13. ON/OFF
.

14.
:
Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 20
Amplitude ( ): 4
DC Offset ( ): 0

15. .

16-4 2008 Emona Instruments 16


16. 3.

MASTER FUNCTION PCM PCM


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER DECODER

GND

PCM
TDM
TDM SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS FS
COS CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1 PCM OUTPUT2
DIGITAL DATA
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
2kHz CLK PCM CLK OUTPUT
SINE DATA

3 -, 4.
(FUNCTION GENERATOR)
(PCM ENCODER) ,
(PCM DECODER) .
PCM DATA PCM
DATA, , .

Message
Function To Ch.A
Generator "Stolen" FS

The channel Output


20Hz IN To Ch.B
CLK "Stolen" CLK

2kHz

Master
Signals

PCM Encoding PCM Decoding

4
PCM Encoding - : Function Generator ,
Message To Ch. A , In ,
CLK , Master Signals , The channel
PCM Decoding - :
"Stolen" FS "" ,
"Stolen" CLK "" , Output To Ch.B

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-5


17. (VI) Oscilloscope NI ELVIS ().

18. , 1 ( 1-13)
:

Timebase ( ) 10 /. 500 /.

19. B Channel B Display ON/OFF


.

: ,
20 ( )
.


,
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

16-6 2008 Emona Instruments 16


20. TUNEABLE LOW-PASS FILTER ( )
DATEx
GAIN .

21. Cut-off Frequency


Adjust ( )

22. 5.

MASTER FUNCTION PCM TUNEABLE PCM


SIGNALS GENERATOR ENCODER LPF DECODER

GND

PCM f C x10 0
TDM
TDM SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE
100kHz ACH1 DAC1 INPUT 2 FS FS
COS fC CH B
100kHz
DIGITAL
8kHz ACH0 DAC0 INPUT 1 PCM OUTPUT2
DIGITAL DATA
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL + GAIN
2kHz CLK PCM CLK OUTPUT
SINE DATA
IN OUT

-, 6.
.

Message
To Ch.A
Tuneable LPF "Stolen" FS

OUTPUT
20Hz IN To Ch.B
CLK "Stolen" CLK

2kHz

6
Message To Ch. A , In ,
CLK , Tuneable LPF ,
"Stolen" FS "" ,
"Stolen" CLK "" , Output To Ch.B

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-7


23. Cut-off Frequency Adjust
.

: TAB .

24. ,
.

1
?
: ,
.

( ).
,
.

2
,
?

25. ,
.


,
.

16-8 2008 Emona Instruments 16


,
. ,
.

26. ,
.

27. RUN.

28. (VI) NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer ( ).

29. :

General ( )

Sampling () Run ()

Input Settings ( )

Source Channel ( ) - Voltage Range 10V (


Scope CHB ( B - 10 )
)

FFT Settings ( Averaging ()


)
Mode() RMS
Frequency Span ( ) 1,000) (
Resolution () 400) )
Window () 7 Term B-Harris (- Weighting ()
7- ) Exponential ()
# of Averages (
Triggering () ) 3
Triggering ( ) Source Channel
( )

Frequency Display ( )

Units() dB (
)
RMS/Peak
Markers () OFF
(/
()
) RMS
Scale Auto ()
30. Markers.

31. M1 ,
.

32.
,
.

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-9


33. ,
, ,
.

: ()
.

34. ,
.

3

, .. . ?

( ) ,
.

4
.
?


, , .


,
.

16-10 2008 Emona Instruments 16


B
,
. ,
.

, ,
,
( ), .
,
32-
(SEQUENCE GENERATOR).

35. .

36. .

37. GAIN
(TUNEABLE LOW-PASS FILTER) .

38. Cut-off Frequency Adjust


.

39. SEQUENCE GENERATOR ( )


DATEx DIP-
00.

40. 7.

MASTER SEQUENCE TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF
LINE
CODE
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
100kHz
SINE X

100kHz
COS Y fC CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL GAIN
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN OUT

7 -, 8.
,
SYNC ,
.

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-11


Master Sequence Digital signal
Signals Generator Tuneable LPF To Ch.A

CLK Bandwidth limited


digital signal
2kHz
To Ch.B
SYNC
SYNC
To Trig.

Digital signal modelling BW limited channel

8
Digital signal modeling - :
Master Signals , Sequence Generator ,
CLK , SYNC ,
BW limited channel :
Tuneable LPF , Digital signal To Ch. A
Bandwidth limited digital signal To Ch. B "" B
SYNC To Trig.

41. RUN
.

42. :

Trigger Source ( ) TRIGGER ( )


CH A ( )
Timebase ( ) 1 /. 500 /.

43. , ,
c
Cut-off Frequency Adjust .

5
.
: ,
.

1) ,
.

2)
.


,
.

16-12 2008 Emona Instruments 16



, .
, , , . ,
,

. ,
.

44. Cut-off Frequency Adjust


,
( 13 ).

45. (VI) Function Generator ( ).

46. 2 .

: - ,
SYNC.

47. , 9.

:
2kHz DIGITAL (
2 ) (MASTER SIGNALS),
.

FUNCTION SEQUENCE TUNEABLE


GENERATOR GENERATOR LPF
LINE
CODE
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O 1 1 NRZ-M CH A

X
ACH1 DAC1
Y fC CH B
CLK
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+ GAIN
GND

GND IN OUT

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-13


, 9, -,
10. ,
, .

Function Digital signal


Generator To Ch.A

CLK Bandwidth limited


digital signal
Variable To Ch.B
frequency SYNC
SYNC
To Trig.

Digital signal modelling BW limited channel

10
Digital signal modelling - :
Function Generator , Variable frequency ,
CLK , SYNC ,
BW limited channel :
Digital signal To Ch. A
Bandwidth limited digital signal To Ch. B "" B
SYNC To Trig.

48. ,
50 5000 .

:
(Timebase) .

6
, ,
?


,
.

16-14 2008 Emona Instruments 16


C
, .
, ,
, . , ,

.

,
.
,
, .. .
,
, ,
- ,
.

, .
,
.
, .
,
.

, . -, -
,
. -,
(, , , )
. , ,
.


,
.

49. Control Mode


NI ELVIS ,
MANUAL.

50. (VI) Variable Power Supplies ( ).

51. RESET ()
0 .

52. (Timebase) 1 /.

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-15


53. ,
11.

MASTER SEQUENCE TUNEABLE FUNCTION UTILITIES


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF GENERATOR
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M ANALOG I/ O CH A
IN OUT
100kHz
SINE X
RECTIFIER
100kHz ACH1 DAC1
COS Y fC CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL GAIN + RC LPF
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN OUT

11

, 11, -, 12.

UTILITIES ( ).

Digital signal BW limited


Restoration
modelling channel

CLK REF Restored


digital signal
2kHz
To Ch.B
SYNC IN

Digital signal
To Ch.A

SYNC
To Trig.

12
Digital signal modeling - :
CLK , SYNC ,
SYNC To Trig. , Digital signal To Ch. A .
BW limited channel .
Restoration : REF , ,
IN ,
Restored digital signal To Ch. B B

16-16 2008 Emona Instruments 16


54. .

7
, ,
. ?
: , 100 /.

8
? ?


,
.

55. 1 /.

56.
0.2 , .

9

?
: , 16-17.


, .


,
.

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-17


57.
0 .

58.
, Cut-off Frequency Adjust
.

: ,
.

10

?

- .

59. ,
( ).

60. , 13,
.

MASTER SEQUENCE TUNEABLE FUNCTION UTILITIES


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF GENERATOR
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M ANALOG I/ O CH A
IN OUT
100kHz
SINE X
RECTIFIER
100kHz ACH1 DAC1
COS Y fC CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL GAIN + RC LPF
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN OUT

13

16-18 2008 Emona Instruments 16


11

, ?

, , ,
, .


,
.

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-19



,
- (CD-),
( ),
.

(Eye Diagram).


, Eye Diagram Virtual Instrument (
), NI ELVIS.
,
, , ,
1.

1,
. ,
,
, , . ,
,
"", , ,
, Eye Diagram.

,
.

16-20 2008 Emona Instruments 16


1. .

: ,
, 1-10 16-4.

2. DIP- Sequence Generator (


) 00.

3. 2.

NOISE FUNCTION SEQUENCE CHANNEL


GENERATOR GENERATOR GENERATOR MODULE
LINE
CODE
O
0dB
1 CHANNEL
-6dB OO NRZ-L BPF
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
-20dB 1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O 1 1 NRZ-M CH A
BASEBAND
X LPF
AMPLIFIER
ACH1 DAC1
Y
ADDER CH B
CLK
SPEECH NOISE
GAIN ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+
IN OUT GND SIGNAL CHANNEL
OUT
GND

2 -, 3.

Function Sequence Baseband


Generator Generator Adder LPF

CLK Bandwidth limited


noisy digital signal

Noisy digital
signal
Bit-clock To Ch.A
To Ch.B & Trig Noise
generator

Digital signal modelling Noisy & bandwidth limited channel

3
Digital signal modelling - :
Function Generator , Sequence Generator ,
CLK , Bit-clock To Ch.B & Trig .
Noise & Bandwidth limited channel :
Adder , Noise generator , Baseband LPF -
Bandwidth limited noise digital signal - ,
Noise digital signal

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-21



(SEQUENCE GENERATOR).
,
. , (ADDER),
-20 0 . ,
(BASEBAND LPF).

4. Control Mode
, MANUAL ( ).

5. (VI) NI ELVIS Oscilloscope ().

6. , 1,
:
Trigger Source ( ) TRIGGER () CH A
( A)
Timebase ( ) 1 /. 500 /.

7. B
(SEQUENCE GENERATOR)
(Tuneable Low-pass Filter).

8. 2
ELVIS (
).

:
.

9. -6 , .

10. 0 .

11. -20 .

12. , 4.

NOISE FUNCTION SEQUENCE CHANNEL


GENERATOR GENERATOR GENERATOR MODULE
LINE
CODE
O
0dB
1 CHANNEL
-6dB OO NRZ-L BPF
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
-20dB 1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O 1 1 NRZ-M CH A
BASEBAND
X LPF
AMPLIFIER
ACH1 DAC1
Y
ADDER CH B
CLK
SPEECH NOISE
GAIN ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
+
IN OUT GND SIGNAL CHANNEL
OUT
GND

16-22 2008 Emona Instruments 16


-, 5.

Function Sequence Baseband


Generator Generator Adder LPF

CLK Bandwidth limited


noisy digital signal
To Ch.A

Bit-clock
To Ch.B & Trig Noise
generator

Digital signal modelling Noisy & bandwidth limited channel

5
Digital signal modelling - :
Function Generator , Sequence Generator ,
CLK , Bit-clock To Ch.B & Trig .
Noise & Bandwidth limited channel :
Adder , Noise generator , Baseband LPF -
Bandwidth limited noise digital signal -

13. . 9 . 10 , .

1
?

,
.

: ,
, .
-20 0 .


,
.

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-23


14. -6 .

15. NI ELVIS.

16. NI ELVIS.

17. DATEx Eye-Graph


.

18. , RUN
.

:
, , A (
).
. ,
1.


,
.

19. STOP DATEx Eye-Graph VI.

20. 0 .

21.
.

2
?

, "" (" )


,
.

16-24 2008 Emona Instruments 16


22. DATEx Eye-Graph VI.

23.
.

1: FINE FREQUENCY ( )
.

2:
.

24.
, ,
.

3

?

, (..
).


,
.

16 2008 Emona Instruments 16-25


16-26 2008 Emona Instruments 16
...:

17
17



.
: ,
. , , -
, ..
,

.

() .

, time division
multiplexing (TDM) (),
.
, . ,

, .
, , ,
.

TDM
, ..
.. TDM .
(
),
. , 16,
, ,
, - .

, frequency division multiplexing (FDM)


,
.
.
() .

FDM
, : , DSBSC FM.
, amplitude shift
keying (ASK) .

17-2 2008 Emona Instruments 17


1, ASK
(Digital data).

, ASK
(, ).
ASK. ,
ASK (
8).
,
,
. ,
, .

ASK , , ,
5.
ASK ,
.

Emona DATEx ASK


/ .
(SEQUENCE GENERATOR),
, ,
. ,
.

40 .

17 2008 Emona Instruments 17-3




NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )
"" (2 )

(* - NI ELVIS I)

ASK

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
NI ELVIS.

7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

17-4 2008 Emona Instruments 17


11. , 2.

:
(GND).

MASTER SEQUENCE DUAL ANALOG


SIGNALS GENERATOR SWITCH
LINE S/ H
CODE
O

1 S&H S&H
OO NRZ-L IN OUT
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN 1
100kHz
SINE X

100kHz
COS Y
CH B
CLK CONTROL 1
100kHz
DIGITAL CONTROL 2
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN 2 OUT

2
2 -, 3.
(SEQUENCE
GENERATOR), SYNC ,
. , ASK
(DUAL ANALOG SWITCH).

Master Dual Analog


Signals Switch
IN
ASK generation ASK signal
2kHz To Ch.B
carrier CON
Digital signal
To Ch.A
X

CLK SYNC
Digital signal modelling SYNC
2kHz To Trig.
Clock
Master Sequence
Signals Generator

3
ASK generation - ASK : Master Signals
2 kHz carrier 2 , IN , Dual Analog Switch ,
CON , ASK signal To Ch.B ASK B
Digital signal To Ch.A
Digital signal modelling - :
2kHz Clock 2 , Sequence Generator ,
SYNC To Trig. ,

17 2008 Emona Instruments 17-5


12. , 1
:

(Scale) ( A) 2 /. 1 /.
Input Coupling ( ) DC
( ) AC ( )
Timebase ( ) 1 /. 500 ./.
Trigger Source ( ) TRIGGER () CH A

13.
ASK
B.

14. .

1
ASK
?

0, , 1
.

2
ASK 0
?


,
.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

17-6 2008 Emona Instruments 17


, ASK
2 ,
(MASTER SIGNALS).

ASK . , -
,
.
8 ( 8-11, 8-12),
,
.

,

. ,
ASK .

15. 4.

! , , .

MASTER SEQUENCE DUAL ANALOG


SIGNALS GENERATOR SWITCH
LINE S/ H
CODE
O

1 S&H S&H
OO NRZ-L IN OUT
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN 1
100kHz
SINE X

100kHz
COS Y
CH B
CLK CONTROL 1
100kHz
DIGITAL CONTROL 2
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN 2 OUT

17 2008 Emona Instruments 17-7


4 -, 5.

IN
ASK generation ASK signal
100kHz To Ch.B
carrier CON
Digital signal
To Ch.A
X

CLK SYNC
Digital signal modelling SYNC
2kHz To Trig.
Clock

5
ASK generation - ASK :
100 kHz carrier 100 , IN , CON ,
ASK signal To Ch.B ASK B
Digital signal To Ch.A
Digital signal modelling - :
2kHz Clock 2 , SYNC To Trig. ,

16. ASK .

3
ASK ?
: ,
.

,
, .


,
.

17-8 2008 Emona Instruments 17


B ASK
ASK , ASK
,
.
ASK .

17. DATEx
(TUNEABLE LOW-PASS FILTER)
GAIN .

18. Cut-off Frequency Adjust


.

19. 6.

MASTER SEQUENCE DUAL ANALOG UTILITIES TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR SWITCH LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE S/ H
CODE REF
O

1 S&H S&H f C x10 0


OO NRZ-L IN OUT
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN 1 IN OUT
100kHz
SINE X
RECTIFIER
100kHz
COS Y fC CH B
CLK CONTROL 1
100kHz
DIGITAL CONTROL 2 DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL RC LPF GAIN
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN 2 OUT IN OUT

ASK -,
7. ASK
, TUNEABLE LOW-PASS FILTER
( ) UTILITIES ( ).

17 2008 Emona Instruments 17-9


Utilities Tuneable
module Low-pass Filter

IN Demodulated
100kHz
Rectifier
carrier ASK signal
To Ch.B
CON

To Ch.A

Digital
signal

ASK generation Envelope detection

7
ASK generation - ASK :
100 kHz carrier 100 , IN , CON ,
Digital signal To Ch.A
Envelope detection :
Utilities module , Rectifier ,
Tuneable Low-pass filter -
Demodulated ASK signal To Ch.B ASK B

20. .

: , ,
B.

4

?

,
.

5

.


,
.

17-10 2008 Emona Instruments 17


C
16,
. ""
ASK .

21. Control Mode


,
Manual ( ).

22. (VI) Variable Power Supplies ( ).

23. 0
RESET.

24. 8.

MASTER SEQUENCE DUAL ANALOG UTILITIES TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR SWITCH LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE S/ H
CODE REF
O

1 S&H S&H f C x10 0


OO NRZ-L IN OUT
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
IN 1 IN OUT
100kHz
SINE X
RECTIFIER
100kHz
COS Y fC CH B
CLK CONTROL 1
100kHz
DIGITAL CONTROL 2 DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL RC LPF GAIN
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN 2 OUT IN OUT

FUNCTION
GENERATOR

ANALOG I/ O

ACH1 DAC1

ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC
+

17 2008 Emona Instruments 17-11


ASK ,
-, 9.

CON REF Restored


100kHz
Rectifier
carrier digital signal
To Ch.B
IN IN
To Ch.A

Digital
signal

ASK generation Envelope detection Restoration

9
ASK generation - ASK :
100 kHz carrier 100 , IN , CON ,
Digital signal To Ch.A
Envelope detection : Rectifier
Restoration :
REF , IN -
Restored digital signal To Ch.B B

25. . ,
Voltage
.

6


?


,
.

17-12 2008 Emona Instruments 17



, ,
, (noise).
, ,
. , ,
. ,
. ,
,
, - ,
.

,
, , , ,
. ,
(
/), .

Emona DATEx
. .

1. 1, .

NOISE CHANNEL
GENERATOR MODULE

0dB
Output
CHANNEL
-6dB BPF

-20dB
BASEBAND
LPF
AMPLIFIER

ADDER

NOISE
GAIN

IN OUT SIGNAL CHANNEL


OUT

Input

-, 2.
, ,
, ASK .


: -20 ( / 10), -6
( / 2), 0 ( / 1).

17 2008 Emona Instruments 17-13


Adder Channel BPF

Channel Signal Channel


input output

Noise

Noise
generator

2
Channel input , Signal , Adder , Noise generator- ,
Noise (), Channel BPF ( ), Channel output

2. (DUAL
ANALOG SWITCH) .

3. .

: ( DUAL
ANALOG SWITCH)
.

4. . ,

, ( ).

5. ASK B
(ADDER).

6. ,
-6 .

7. , ASK .

8. B .

9. . ,

.

: , .

17-14 2008 Emona Instruments 17


...:

17
18


, (FDM)
.
, ( )
. ,
,
. (FM) binary frequency shift
keying (BFSK) , frequency shift keying (FSK)
.


,
.
, ,
(FM) (FSK).

1, FSK
(Digital data).

1
Mark frequency . "1", Space frequency . "0"

, FSK
. , , 0 ,
, 1 . ,
,
.

18-2 2008 Emona Instruments 18


FSK FM ,
voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) , .
, FSK FM
, , zero crossing detector (ZCD) ,
() - phase-locked loop (PLL).
ZCD
12. FSK ,
, FSK .
, ASK ,
.
8.

Emona DATEx
, , FSK .
SEQUENCE GENERATOR (
).
FSK
. , FSK
.

40 .



NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

18 2008 Emona Instruments 18-3


(* - NI ELVIS I)

A FSK

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
NI ELVIS.

7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

11. SEQUENCE GENERATOR ( )


DATEx DIP-
00.

12. Control Mode


, Manual ( ).

13. (VI) Function Generator ( ).

14. ON/OFF.

15.
:

Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 10
Amplitude ( ): 4
DC Offset ( ): 0

18-4 2008 Emona Instruments 18


16. 2.

:
(GND).

MASTER SEQUENCE FUNCTION


SIGNALS GENERATOR GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O

1
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M ANALOG I/ O CH A
100kHz
SINE X

100kHz ACH1 DAC1


COS Y
CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL +
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND

-, 3.
, SYNC
,
. FSK ,
, .

Digital signal
To Ch.A
Master Sequence Func. Gen.
Signals Generator VCO

CLK
FSK signal
2kHz To Ch.B
Clock
SYNC 10kHz rest
frequency

SYNC
To Trig.

Digital signal modelling FSK generation

3
Digital signal modelling - :
Master Signals , 2 kHz carrier 2 ,
CLK , Sequence Generator , SYNC
FSK generation FSK :
Func. Gen. VCO , ,
10kHz rest frequence 2 , Digital signal To Ch.A ,
FSK signal To Ch.B FSK B, SYNC To Trig.

18 2008 Emona Instruments 18-5


17. , 1

Trigger Source ( ) TRIGGER () CH A

18.
FM ,
, B .

: , (Timebase) 500
/.

19. .

1
, ,
1 ? :
, .

The mark frequency

2
, ,
0 ? :
, .

The space frequency

3
FSK ?
.

, 1,
, , ,
0.


,
.

18-6 2008 Emona Instruments 18


B FSK
FSK , FM ,
FSK FM ,
.
, FSK , ,
, ,
. .

20. DATEx TUNEABLE LOW-PASS


FILTER ( )
Cut-off Frequency Adjust .

21. GAIN
.

22. 4.

: , ,
.

MASTER SEQUENCE FUNCTION TUNEABLE UTILITIES


SIGNALS GENERATOR GENERATOR LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M ANALOG I/ O CH A
IN OUT
100kHz
SINE X RECTIFIER
100kHz ACH1 DAC1
COS Y fC CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL + GAIN RC LPF
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN OUT

FSK -,
5. FSK ,
FSK , (DIODE) RC (RC LPF)
(UTILITIES) .

18 2008 Emona Instruments 18-7


To Ch.A Tuneable Utilities
Low-pass Filter module

Digital Envelope Demodulated


signal detector FSK signal

10kHz
To Ch.B

FSK generation FSK demodulation

5
FSK generation - FSK :
Digital signal - , To Ch.A -
FSK demodulation FSK :
Tuneable Low-pass filter - , Utilities module ,
Envelope detector ,
Demodulated FSK signal FSK , To Ch.B - B

23. Cut-off Frequency


Adjust Gain Tuneable Low-pass Filter,
, ,
1 , ,
0, .

24. .

4
FSK ?

, 0.

5
FSK ?

ASK .


,
.

18-8 2008 Emona Instruments 18


25. B ,
6.

MASTER SEQUENCE FUNCTION TUNEABLE UTILITIES


SIGNALS GENERATOR GENERATOR LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M ANALOG I/ O CH A
IN OUT
100kHz
SINE X RECTIFIER
100kHz ACH1 DAC1
COS Y fC CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL + GAIN RC LPF
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN OUT

26. .

6

?


,
.

18 2008 Emona Instruments 18-9


C
16,
.
FSK .

27. Control Mode


,
MANUAL.

28. (VI) Variable Power Supplies VI ( ).

29. 0
RESET.

30. 7.

MASTER SEQUENCE FUNCTION TUNEABLE UTILITIES


SIGNALS GENERATOR GENERATOR LPF
COMPARATOR
LINE
CODE REF
O

1
f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M ANALOG I/ O CH A
IN OUT
100kHz
SINE X RECTIFIER
100kHz ACH1 DAC1
COS Y fC CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL DIODE & RC LPF
SPEECH
8kHz ACH0 DAC0
DIGITAL VARIABLE DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL + GAIN RC LPF
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND IN OUT

18-10 2008 Emona Instruments 18


, FSK ,
, -, 8.

To Ch.B

Digital IN Restored
Envelope
signal detector digital signal
To Ch.B
10kHz REF

FSK generation FSK demodulation Restoration

8
FSK generation - FSK :
Digital signal - , To Ch.B - B
FSK demodulation FSK :
Envelope detector
Restoration :
REF , IN -
Restored digital signal To Ch.B B

31. . ,
Voltage
.

: (REF) 0.

7

?


,
.

18 2008 Emona Instruments 18-11


...:

19
19

17 18 , FM
.
,
ASK FSK ( , ).

ASK (0 1)
. FSK
. , , Binary Phase
Shift Keying (BPSK) , Data
stream . 1 BPSK ,
.

,
, 180. , ,
, BPSK
,
( ).

, , BPSK
. , BPSK
double-sideband
suppressed carrier (DSBSC). , BPSK
DSBSC ,
6 9, .

, ,
: ASK, FSK BPSK. BPSK
,
. FSK,
ASK. ASK FSK . , FSK
,
.

19-2 2008 Emona Instruments 19



, BPSK ,
MULTIPLIER () Emona DATEx.
SEQUENCE GENERATOR (
).
. ,
.

40 .



NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx
BNC "" (2 )
"" (2 )

(* - NI ELVIS I)

A BPSK
BPSK ,
DSBSC.
6.

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
NI ELVIS.

7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ

19 2008 Emona Instruments 19-3


, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

11. SEQUENCE GENERATOR ( )


DIP-
00.

12. , 2.

:
(GND).

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
OO NRZ-L AC
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE X
kXY
100kHz
COS Y
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY

-, 3.
(SEQUENCE
GENERATOR), SYNC ,
. BPSK
(MULTIPLIER).

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

19-4 2008 Emona Instruments 19


Digital signal
To Ch.A
Master Sequence Multiplier
Signals Generator module

CLK X
BPSK signal
8kHz To Ch.B
Clock Y
SYNC
100kHz
carrier

SYNC Master
To Trig. Signals

Digital signal modelling BPSK generation

3
Digital signal modelling - :
Master Signals , 8 kHz Clock 8 ,
CLK , Sequence Generator ,
SYNC To Trig.
BPSK generation BPSK :
Multiplier module , 100kHz carrier 100 ,
Master Signals , Digital signal To Ch.A ,
BPSK signal To Ch.B BPSK B

13. , 1,
:

Scale ( ) B 2 /. 1 /.
Input Coupling ( ) DC ( )
AC ( )
Timebase ( ) 100 /. 500 /.
Trigger Source ( ) TRIGGER () CH A

14. B ,
BPSK .

15. .

1
BPSK DSBSC ? :
, .

BPSK
.

19 2008 Emona Instruments 19-5


, - BPSK
, ,
.
.

16. 4.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
OO NRZ-L AC
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz AC
SINE X
kXY
100kHz
COS Y
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY

17. 10 /.

:
, 100kHz COS
. , ,
, ,
.

2
BPSK , ?

BPSK .


,
.

19-6 2008 Emona Instruments 19


B BPSK
BPSK DSBSC ,
, DSBSC
.
.

18. CLK 8kHz Digital


(MASTER SIGNALS).

19. 200 /.

20. TUNEABLE LOW-PASS FILTER ( )


DATEx
Cut-off Frequency Adjust .

21. GAIN
.

22. , 5.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
AC X DC f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz AC Y DC kXY
SINE X
kXY SERIAL TO
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL GAIN
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY IN OUT
CLK X2

BPSK -,
6. BPSK
, .

19 2008 Emona Instruments 19-7


To Ch.A Multiplier Tuneable
module Low-pass Filter

Digital X X Demodulated
signal BPSK signal
To Ch.B
Y Y
100kHz
carrier "Stolen"
local
carrier

BPSK generation Product detection

6
BPSK generation - BPSK :
Digital signal - , To Ch.A - , 100kHz carrier 100
Product detection :
Multiplier module - , "Stolen" local carrier ,
Tuneable Low-pass filter - ,
Demodulated BPSK signal To Ch.B BPSK - B

23. .

3
?

,
.

4
?


,
.

19-8 2008 Emona Instruments 19


C

16.
BPSK .

24. Control Mode


,
MANUAL ( ).

25. Variable Power Supplies ( )

26. RESET
0 .

27. , 7.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
AC X DC f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz AC Y DC kXY
SINE X
kXY SERIAL TO
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL GAIN
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY IN OUT
CLK X2

FUNCTION UTILITIES
GENERATOR
COMPARATOR
REF

ANALOG I/ O
IN OUT
RECTIFIER
ACH1 DAC1

DIODE & RC LPF


ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC
+ RC LPF

19 2008 Emona Instruments 19-9


BPSK ,
-, 8.

To Ch.A

Digital X X Restored
signal digital signal
To Ch.B
Y Y
100kHz
carrier "Stolen"
local
carrier

BPSK generation Product detection Restoration

8
BPSK generation - BPSK :
Digital signal - , To Ch.A - , 100kHz carrier 100
Product detection :
"Stolen" local carrier
Restoration :
Restored digital signal To Ch.B - B

28. . ,
Voltage
.


,
.

19-10 2008 Emona Instruments 19



, ,
, (noise).
, ,
. , ,
. ,
. ,
,
, - ,
.

,
, , , ,
. ,
(
/), .

Emona DATEx
. .

1. 1, .

NOISE CHANNEL
GENERATOR MODULE

0dB
Output
CHANNEL
-6dB BPF

-20dB
BASEBAND
LPF
AMPLIFIER

ADDER

NOISE
GAIN

IN OUT SIGNAL CHANNEL


OUT

Input

-, 2.
, ,
, ASK .


: -20 ( / 10), -6
( / 2), 0 ( / 1).

19 2008 Emona Instruments 19-11


Adder Channel BPF

Channel Signal Channel


input output

Noise

Noise
generator

2
Channel input , Signal , Adder , Noise generator- ,
Noise (), Channel BPF ( ), Channel output

2. (MULTIPLIER)
DATEx .

3.
DATEx.
: (
) (
).

4. . ,
Voltage
.

5. BPSK B

(ADDER).

6. ,
-6 (NOISE GENERATOR).

7. , BPSK .

8. B .

9. . ,
.4.

10. , 0
.

: .

19-12 2008 Emona Instruments 19


...:

20
20


, quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK)
- binary phase shift
keying (BPSK). , BPSK DSBSC
. ,
BPSK . QPSK
DSBSC ,
, .

, QPSK , ,
, BPSK. ,

, .

?
QPSK
, BPSK .
.

1 - QPSK .

1
Digital data , Odd bits , Even bits ,
2-bit serial-to-parallel converter 2- ,
PSK (phase shift keying) , Carrier , QPSK output QPSK

20-2 2008 Emona Instruments 20


( 0, 2, 4 ..)
, BPSK ,
PSKI. , ( 1, 3, 5 ..)
, 90,
BPSK , PSKQ.
QPSK .

QPSK BPSK ,
, .
, , 90,
, 8.

2 - QPSK
.

2
QPSK input QPSK , PSK (phase shift keying) ,
Local Carrier , Odd bits , Even bits ,
2-bit parallel-to-serial converter 2- - ,
Data -

BPSK
.
, ,
2- -
.

20 2008 Emona Instruments 20-3


, BPSK ,
, , DSBSC
. , ,
, .
, 90
, .. .
, ( E
9)

QPSK . ,
2 ,
90.
BPSK , BPSK ,
BPSK , BPSK .

, QPSK ,
.
, ,
, BPSK .

1 .



NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

20-4 2008 Emona Instruments 20


(* - NI ELVIS I)

A QPSK

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
NI ELVIS.

7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

20 2008 Emona Instruments 20-5


11. , 3.

:
(GND).

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O

1
X DC
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
100kHz Y DC kXY
SINE X
SERIAL TO
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y
CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND
CLK X2

3 -, 4.

(SEQUENCE GENERATOR). 2- -
(SERIAL-TO-PARALLEL CONVERTER)
.

Digital signal modelling Bit-splitter

Master Sequence 2-bit Serial-to-


Signals Generator Parallel Converter
Even bits
8kHz To Ch.A
X1
S/ P
CLK IN
X2 Odd bits
SYNC CLK
To Ch.B

SYNC
To Trig.

4
Digital signal modelling - :
Master Signals , 8 kHz 8 , CLK ,
Sequence Generator , SYNC
Bit-splitter :
2-bit serial-to-parallel converter 2- - ,
In , Even bits To Ch.A , Odd bits To Ch.B ,
SYNC To Trig.

20-6 2008 Emona Instruments 20


12. , 1,
:

Trigger Source ( ) TRIGGER () CH A

13. B
- .

14. . ,
.

1
-
?
: ,
.

, .


,
.

15. , 5.

: .

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
X DC AC
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz Y DC kXY AC
SINE X
SERIAL TO kXY
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY
CLK X2

20 2008 Emona Instruments 20-7


, 5,
, -, 6.
, .
100 ,
90, QPSK .

Even bits
To Ch.A
Multiplier

X
PSKI
To Ch.B
Y
2-bit Serial-to-
Parallel Converter 100kHz
X1 Bit-splitter SINE

Digital Odd Even Master


data bits bits Signals

X2 100kHz
COS
Y

X
PSKQ

Multiplier

6
Digital data ,
2-bit serial-to-parallel converter 2- - ,
Odd bits , Even bits , Even bits To Ch.A ,
Multiplier , 100 kHz SINE 100 kHz COSINE 100 ,
Master Signals , PSK (phase shift keying) ,
PSKI To Ch.B PSKI ,

16. 200 /.

17. PSKI.

: , ,
B 2 /.

18. ( Trigger Source)


CH A ( A).

19. 50 /.

20. , ,
.

20-8 2008 Emona Instruments 20


2
, BPSK ?


,
.

21. 500 /.,


Trigger Source Trigger ().

22. , 7.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
X DC AC
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz Y DC kXY AC
SINE X
SERIAL TO kXY
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY
CLK X2

-, 8.

20 2008 Emona Instruments 20-9


Multiplier

X
PSKI

Y
2-bit Serial-to-
Parallel Converter 100kHz
X1
SINE

Bit-splitter
Digital Odd Even Master
data bits bits Signals

X2 100kHz
COS
Y

X
PSKQ
To Ch.B

Odd bits Multiplier


To Ch.A

8
Digital data ,
2-bit serial-to-parallel converter 2- - ,
Odd bits , Even bits , Odd bits To Ch.A ,
Multiplier , 100 kHz SINE 100 kHz COSINE 100 ,
Master Signals , PSK (phase shift keying) ,
PSKQ To Ch.B PSKQ ,

23. 200 /.

24.
PSKI.

25. ( Trigger Source)


CH A ( A).

26. 50 /.

27. , ,
.

3
?

BPSK.

20-10 2008 Emona Instruments 20



,
.

28. 500 /.,


Trigger Source Trigger ().

29. , 9.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER ADDER


SIGNALS GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
X DC AC
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz Y DC kXY AC
SINE X
SERIAL TO kXY
100kHz PARALLEL G
COS Y
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P A
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL
GND g
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY GA+gB
CLK X2 B

-, 10.
PSKI PSKQ ADDER (), , ,
QPSK .

20 2008 Emona Instruments 20-11


X PSKI

Y
2-bit Serial-to-
Parallel Converter 100kHz
X1
SINE A Adder

Bit-splitter
Digital Odd Even QPSK
data bits bits signal
To Ch.A
100kHz B
X2
COS
Y

PSKQ

10
Digital data , Odd bits , Even bits ,
2-bit serial-to-parallel converter 2- - ,
PSK (phase shift keying) ,
100 kHz SINE 100 kHz COSINE 100 , Adder ,
QPSK signal To Ch. A QPSK

30. A .

:
BPSKI.

31. ADDER () DATEx


g ,
4 .

32. A .

33. B .

: BPSKQ.

34. G ,
4 .

35. B .

4
, ?

QPSK.

20-12 2008 Emona Instruments 20


QPSK OQPSK: ?

QPSK ,
.
-
,
. ,
QPSK - Offset QPSK (OQPSK)
.


,
.

20 2008 Emona Instruments 20-13


B QPSK
QPSK BPSK
.
(NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer).

36. A .

: BPSKI ,
BPSK .

37. RUN
.

: .

38. (VI) NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer ( ).

39. :

General ( )
Sampling () - Run ()

Input Settings ( ) Voltage Range 10V (


- 10 )
Source Channel (
) - Scope CHB
( B )

Averaging ()
FFT Settings ( )
Mode() RMS
Frequency Span ( )
( )
200,000)
Weighting () Exponential
Resolution () 400)
()
Window () 7 Term B-Harris
# of Averages (
( - 7- )
) 3
Triggering ( )
Triggering ( ) Scope
Trigger ( )

Frequency Display ( )
Markers () OFF ()
Units() dB
( )
RMS/Peak
(/
) RMS
Scale Auto ()

20-14 2008 Emona Instruments 20


40. A , ,
.

: QPSK ,
.

5

?

6
BPSKI ?
, ?

. .


,
.

20 2008 Emona Instruments 20-15


C BPSK QPSK

, Emona DATEx QPSK


. , ,
, QPSK ,
BPSK QPSK .
.

41. (NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer VI).

42. PHASE SHIFTER ()


DATEx (PHASE
Change) 0. Frequency
,
GAIN .

43. 11.

: ,
.

11

20-16 2008 Emona Instruments 20


-,
12. -, 2
( ), ,
QPSK (I Q).

12
QPSK input QPSK , Multiplier module ,
"Stolen" local carrier "" , Phase Shifter ,
Tunable LPF , Master Signals ,
Even or odd bits To Ch.B

44. RUN.

45. X1 -
.

46. - Phase
Adjust, , .

47. Phase Change 180 . 46.

7

3 4 2?

20 2008 Emona Instruments 20-17



,
.

48. , 13.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER ADDER


SIGNALS GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
X DC AC
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz Y DC kXY AC
SINE X
SERIAL TO kXY
100kHz PARALLEL G
COS Y
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P A
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL
GND g
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY GA+gB
CLK X2 B

PHASE CHANNEL UTILITIES


SHIFTER MODULE
COMPARATOR
REF

LO CHANNEL
BPF

BASEBAND IN OUT
PHASE LPF
RECTIFIER

O
0 ADDER

O DIODE & RC LPF


180 NOISE

RC LPF
IN OUT SIGNAL CHANNEL
OUT

13

(UTILITIES)
- 14. - , 2,
, QPSK
.

20-18 2008 Emona Instruments 20


Utilities

QPSK
Even or
input
odd bits
To Ch.B
"Stolen" local
carrier

100kHz
100

O
14
QPSK input QPSK ,
"Stolen" local carrier "" , Utilities ,
Even or odd bits To Ch.B

49. 0 Phase Shifter


Phase Change.

50. X1 -
.

51. Phase Adjust


, ( ).

8
,
PSKI PSKQ?

PSKI , PSKQ 90.


,
.

20 2008 Emona Instruments 20-19


52. A X1 -
X2
.

53. . .

54. Phase Change 180.

55. Phase Adjust


, ( ).

9
,
PSKI PSKQ??

PSKQ , PSKI 90.

10

QPSK ?

,
.


,
.

20-20 2008 Emona Instruments 20


...:

21 DSSS
21 DSSS

DSBSC,
. ,
DSBSC , (
6).

DSBSC ,
,
, .. .
,
( 9).

Direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) -


DSBSC ,
,
(PN-).
,
. , DSSS
, DSBSC
,
.

. ,
,
.
, ,
, .

DSSS , DSBSC ,
. , ,
,
, . ,
,
, .

,
, , . ,

.
.

, PN .
,
. ,
,
. , 8 256 ,
20 1048575 . ,
256 1.157910 77 !

21-2 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


. ,
DSSS DSBSC . ,
,
. ,
, .

PN DSBSC ,
, ..
, .
, DSBSC
, .
, .

DSSS :
CDMA, , (GPS),
802.11 wi-fi.

Emona DATEx
DSSS .
, ,
.
PN , ,
DSSS .

50 .



NI ELVIS I II
NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )

"" (2 )

21 DSSS 2008 Emona Instruments 21-3


(* - NI ELVIS I)

A DSSS
DSSS DSBSC ,
DSSS DSBSC ,
.

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
NI ELVIS.
7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx.

11. SEQUENCE GENERATOR ( )


DATEx DIP-
00.

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

21-4 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


12. 1.

:
(GND).

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER


SIGNALS GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O

1
X DC
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
100kHz Y DC kXY
SINE X
SERIAL TO
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y
CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND
CLK X2

-, 2.
2 PN ,
32-
(SEQUENCE GENERATOR).

Message
Master Multiplier To Ch.A
Signals module

DSSS signal
2kHz To Ch.B

PN sequence
CLK

100kHz

Master Sequence
Signals Generator

2
Master Signals , Multiplier module ,
Sequence Generator , CLK ,
PN sequence
Message To Ch. A
DSSS signal To Ch. B DSSS B

21 DSSS 2008 Emona Instruments 21-5


13. 1
:

Timebase ( ) 100 /. 500 /.


Channel B Scale ( B) 2 /. 1 /.

14. B, DSSS
.

15.
, .

: , DSSS
.

21-6 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


1
DSBSC ?
: ,
6.

, , .

2
DSSS ,
, ?
: ,
.

PN ,
,
.


,
.

21 DSSS 2008 Emona Instruments 21-7


B DSSS
DSSS
.
.

16. Control Mode


, MANUAL ().

17. (VI) Function Generator ( ).

18 ON/OFF.

19.
:

Waveshape ( ): Square ( )
Frequency (): 30
Amplitude ( ): 4 p-p
DC Offset ( ): 0

20. LINE CODE


, 3.

FUNCTION MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER


GENERATOR SIGNALS GENERATOR
LINE
CODE
O

1
X DC
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI SCOPE
ANALOG I/ O 1 1 NRZ-M CH A
100kHz Y DC kXY
SINE X
SERIAL TO
ACH1 DAC1 100kHz
Y PARALLEL
COS CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
ACH0 DAC0 8kHz
VARIABLE DC DIGITAL
TRIGGER
SERIAL X1
+ 2kHz
DIGITAL
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND
CLK X2

21. DSSS .

: , , DSSS ,
. ,
.

21-8 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


3 -, 4.
, 30 .

Message
Master Multiplier To Ch.A
Signals module

DSSS signal
2kHz To Ch.B

30kHz squarewave

Function
Generator

4
Master Signals , Multiplier module ,
Function Generator , 30 kHz squarewave 30 ,
Message To Ch. A
DSSS signal To Ch. B DSSS B

, ,
, , ,
.
, 30 30
, 90 , 150 , 210 ..

, DSSS 30
28 () 32 (), 90
88 () 92 (), 150
148 () 152 () ..
NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer.

22. RUN .

: .

23. (VI) NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer VI ( ).

24. :

General ( )
Sampling () - Run ()

21 DSSS 2008 Emona Instruments 21-9


Input Settings ( )
Source Channel ( Voltage Range 10V (
) - Scope CHB - 10 )
( B )

FFT Settings ( ) Averaging ()

Frequency Span ( ) Mode() RMS


200,000) ( )
Resolution () 400) Weighting ()
Window () 7 Term B-Harris Exponential ()
(- 7- ) # of Averages (
) 3
Triggering ( )
Triggering ( ) Immediate
()

Frequency Display ( ) Markers () OFF


()
Units() dB (
)
RMS/Peak
(/
) RMS
Scale Auto ()

10 ,
.

25. Markers .

26. M1 .

: ,
,
.


, ,
() .

21-10 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


27. Units ( Frequency Display)
dB Linear ().

:
.

28. M1 .

: 21-9.

29. Units dB.

30.
LINE Code .

: , 1 2,
PN .

31. DSSS (Linear),


(dB) .

3
PN
DSSS ?

PN ,
,


,
.

21 DSSS 2008 Emona Instruments 21-11


C

32. .

33 RUN.

34. , 1,
:

Timebase ( ) 100 /. 500 /.


Scale ( ) B 2 /. 1 /.
B

35. TUNEABLE LOW-PASS FILTER ( )


DATEx Gain
() , .

36. Cut-off Frequency Adjust


.

37. SPEECH (
) 5.

: , AC
, DC.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
X DC AC f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz Y DC kXY AC
SINE X
SERIAL TO kXY
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL GAIN
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY IN OUT
CLK X2

, 5, -,
6. DSSS
(TUNEABLE LOW-
PASS FILTER). , PN ,
,
( X ),
.

21-12 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


Multiplier Tuneable
module Low-pass Filter

DSSS Y Demodulated
signal DSSS signal
To Ch.B
X
"Stolen"
PN sequence

Sequence
Generator

6
DSSS signal DSSS , "Stolen" PN sequence PN ,
Multiplier module , Sequence Generator ,
Tunable Low-pass ,
Demodulated DSSS signal To Ch.B DSSS B

- 7.

Message
To Ch.A

Demodulated
2kHz DSSS signal
To Ch.B

PN sequence "Stolen"
CLK PN sequence

100kHz

DSSS modulator Product detector

7
DSSS modulator DSSS :
Message To Ch.A , PN sequence - PN ,
CLK 100 kHz 100 ,
Product detector :
"Stolen" PN sequence "" PN ,
Demodulated DSSS signal To Ch.B DSSS B

21 DSSS 2008 Emona Instruments 21-13


38. Cut-off Frequency
, ,
.

! DATEx
Tab .

39. ,
, .

40. DSSS
, .


,
.

, ,
PN , .
.

41. , 8 , ,
, PN ,
.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
X DC AC f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz Y DC kXY AC
SINE X
SERIAL TO kXY
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL GAIN
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY IN OUT
CLK X2

21-14 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


42.
.

4
?

5
PN , ,
?

, PN ,
, ,
DSSS ,
.


,
.

D DSSS
,
,
.
.

, ,
.
, , DSSS
.

43. Y X.

: .

21 DSSS 2008 Emona Instruments 21-15


44. :

Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 50
Amplitude ( ): 4 p-p
DC Offset ( ): 0

45. ( Trigger
Source) CH B ( B).

46. DATEx ADDER (C)


g .

47. G .

48. 9.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
X DC AC f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz Y DC kXY AC
SINE X
SERIAL TO kXY
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL GAIN
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY IN OUT
CLK X2

FUNCTION ADDER
GENERATOR

ANALOG I/ O

ACH1 DAC1 G

ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC
+
g

B GA+gB

, 9, -,
10.
,
DSSS .

21-16 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


DSSS with
Adder
interference
module
To Ch.A
A
Recovered
2kHz message
B To Ch.B
Jamming
PN sequence signal "Stolen"
PN sequence
CLK Func.
gen.
100kHz

DSSS modulator Channel Product detector

10
DSSS modulator DSSS :
PN sequence - PN , CLK 100 kHz 100
Channel :
Adder module , Jamming signal - ,
Func. gen.
Product detector :
"Stolen" PN sequence "" PN ,
DSSS with interference To Ch.A - DSSS ,
Recovered message To Ch.B B

49. g , ,
DSSS .
.

50. DSSS
.

51.
.

52. , DSSS .

53. , g
.

54. , DSSS
.

6
?

,
DSSS ,
.

21 DSSS 2008 Emona Instruments 21-17



,
.

,
,
.
.

55. g .

56. 11.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
X DC AC f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz Y DC kXY AC
SINE X
SERIAL TO kXY
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL GAIN
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY IN OUT
CLK X2

FUNCTION ADDER
GENERATOR

ANALOG I/ O

ACH1 DAC1 G

ACH0 DAC0
VARIABLE DC
+
g

B GA+gB

11

21-18 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


57. , DSSS .

58. g
.

59. , DSSS
.

7

?

,
DSSS .


,
.

21 DSSS 2008 Emona Instruments 21-19



,
.

60. g .

61. 12.

MASTER SEQUENCE MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER TUNEABLE


SIGNALS GENERATOR LPF
LINE
CODE
O
DC
1 X
X DC AC f C x10 0
OO NRZ-L
SYNC
O1 Bi-O
1 O RZ-AMI DC SCOPE
1 1 NRZ-M CH A
Y
100kHz Y DC kXY AC
SINE X
SERIAL TO kXY
100kHz PARALLEL
COS Y fC
MULTIPLIER CH B
100kHz CLK S/ P
DIGITAL
SPEECH
8kHz
DIGITAL
X DC TRIGGER
2kHz SERIAL X1
DIGITAL GAIN
GND
2kHz
SINE
GND Y DC kXY IN OUT
CLK X2

NOISE ADDER
GENERATOR

0dB

-6dB

-20dB

AMPLIFIER
G

GAIN

IN OUT g

B GA+gB

12

(Noise Generator)
, .

62. , DSSS .

21-20 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


63. , B
-6dB .

64. , DSSS
.

65. , B
0dB .

66. , DSSS
.

8

?

PN ,
DSSS
, .


,
.

21 DSSS 2008 Emona Instruments 21-21



, , DSSS
.
.

1. , B 0dB
.

2. (TUNEABLE LOW-PASS FILTER)


(AMPLIFIER).

3. AMPLIFIER ()
DATEx GAIN .

4. , .

5. .

6. (Gain) ,
2 .

7. , , DSSS
PN ( C
). X
Y.

8. X.

9. , ,
( D ).
B .

10. , , DSSS
( D). B
-20dB .

11. ,
B -6dB 0dB .

21-22 2008 Emona Instruments 21 DSSS


...:

22

22

-

,
.
, .

.

,
, .

FM .

,
. ,
.
, software defined radio (SDR) - .
SDR
: , FM, DSBSC, ASK, FSK, DSSS .. ,
,
.

, SDR
.
, , SDR-
,
,
.
,
.

SDR
SDR
2.4 ( ).
, , -
() SDR
, , 4.8 ,
!

,
, .
,
, , ,
.

22-2 2008 Emona Instruments 22


, , 2.4
30 ,
60 , ..
.


Undersampling (), Band-Pass Sampling ( )
Super-Nyquist Sampling ( ).
,
,
.
, , - ,
, , . ,
. ,
,
, .

Emona DATEx ,


.
. ,

.

40 .



NI ELVIS I II

NI ELVIS I: NI USB-6251 ( 20
)
Emona DATEx

BNC "" (2 )
"" (2 )

A
,
, DSBSC .

22 2008 Emona Instruments 22-3


(* - NI ELVIS I)

1. ,
NI ELVIS POWER OFF ().

2. Emona DATEx NI ELVIS.

3. CONTROL MODE
DATEx PC CONTROL ( ).

4. * , - NI DAQ.

5. * NI ELVIS - NI DAQ
.

6. NI ELVIS ,
, ,
NI ELVIS.

7. , .

8. * , - NI DAQ
, .

9. NI ELVIS.

10. DATEx ,
DATEx .

11. (VI) NI ELVIS Oscilloscope VI ().

12. , 1, ,
Trigger Source ( )
CH A ( ).

: ELVIS I.
ELVIS II :
CH A ( A) CH B ( B) ELVIS II
CH0 ( 0) CH1 ( 1)
ELVIS II Manual () ,


, Manual ()
(FM),
modulation () FM,
DATEx VCO IN ( ,
)

22-4 2008 Emona Instruments 22


13. , 1.

-, 2.
100 ,
2 DSBSC.

Message
To Ch.A
Master Multiplier
Signals module
Y
DSBSC signal
2kHz To Ch.B
X
100kHz
carrier

Master
Signals

2
Master Signals , Multiplier module ,
100 kHz carrier 100 ,
Message To Ch. A
DSBSC signal To Ch. B DSBSC B

14. (Timebase),
2kHz SINE
(MASTER SIGNALS).

15. B , DSBSC
.

22 2008 Emona Instruments 22-5


16. (Scale) A 1 /., B 2 /.

: DSBSC
,

1

DSBSC ?

98 102 .

2
DSBSC ?

4 .

17. RUN.

18. (VI) NI ELVIS Dynamic Signal Analyzer VI ( ).

19. :

General ( )
Sampling () - Run ()

Source Channel ( Frequency Display ( )


) - Scope
Units() dB (
CHB ( B )
)
RMS/Peak
FFT Settings ( )
(/
Frequency Span ( ) RMS
) 150,000) Scale Auto ()
Resolution () 400)
Window () 7 Term B-Harris
(- 7- ) Averaging ()

Mode() RMS (
Triggering ( )
)
Triggering ( Weighting () Exponential
) Source Channel ()
( ) # of Averages ( )
3

Voltage Range 10V ( Markers () OFF ()


- 10 )

22-6 2008 Emona Instruments 22


20. 1 2,
DSBSC .


,
.

B
13
, , :

= ( + +
)

, , ,
DSBSC , :

= ( + +
) ( + )

, , ,
:

, -

,

,
,

22 2008 Emona Instruments 22-7


, ,
,

, .

, DSBSC
204 , 204 .

, DSBSC (
), 204 ,
. , 1
, DSBSC
150 .

1
- - - -
fs 2fs 3fs

: : :
98 102
48 52 198 & 202 348 & 352
: : :
248 252 398 & 402 548 & 552

,
98 102 . ,
. , DSBSC
( ). ,
, .

,
. ,
,
. ,
.
.


, .
, 9
, . ,
,
( ). ,
, ,
.

22-8 2008 Emona Instruments 22


,
. ,
,
.

DSBSC
2 ,
.

21. .

22. RUN.

23. (Scale) B 500


/.

24. , 3.

3 -,
4. DSBSC
(MULTIPLIER).
() (BASEBAND LPF).

22 2008 Emona Instruments 22-9


Under -sampled
Message DSBSC signal
To Ch.A To Ch.B

Baseband
LPF

Y IN Recovered
S/ H message
2kHz
X CONTROL
100kHz
carrier 8kHz

Master
Signals

DSBSC modulator Demodulation

4
DSBSS modulator DSBSS :
Message To Ch.A , 100 kHz carrier 100 ,
Demodulation :
S/H (Sample-and-Hold circuit) , IN ,
CONTROL , Master Signals ,
Under-sampled DSBSC signal To Ch.B DSBSC B,
Baseband LPF , Recovered message

25. DSBSC .

: , ,
DSBSC .

26. B , 5.

22-10 2008 Emona Instruments 22


3
?

,
100 .

4
DSBSC ,
8.333 ( 8 )?

, DSBSC , 100 .
12- : 100 / 8.333 = 12.


,
.

22 2008 Emona Instruments 22-11


C
-, ,

.
(
), .


. .
, , 0.1 ,
, . , ,
5 , ,
. ,
. (
E 9).


,
.
.

27. (VI) Function Generator VI ( ).

28. 8.333 .

:
,
SYNC.

29. 8kHz DIGITAL .

30. , 6.

22-12 2008 Emona Instruments 22


8kHz DIGITAL (MASTER
SIGNALS) 8.333 .

, ,
12- .

31. , .


,
.

22 2008 Emona Instruments 22-13