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MUNTAKHAB AHADITH

A Selection of Ahadith Relating to the Six Qualities of Da'wat and Tabligh



ULIMA TAYVIBAH I' I SALAH

I 'ILM AND OHIKB I IIKRAM-UL-MUSLIM I I IKHLAS I I O,,'WAT AND TABLIGH I

Compiled by:

Hazrat Maulana Muhammad Yousuf Kandhlavi (Ral,matu//al,; A/aihi)

Organised & Presented by:

Hazrat Maulalla Muhammad Saad Kandhlavi

l\'IAKTABA FAIZ AAM

Hzt. Niz~mudd'n. New Delhi

Printed at Jayyed Press, Ballimaran, Delhi-II 0006.

I

~r

fl PHONETICS . iii

CONTENTS

PREFACE " v

INTRODUCTION ; viii

KALIMAH TAYYAIBAH

.

-

Inian 1

Belief in the Unseen .. 30

Belief in the Hereafter' , ;. 67

Success in Compliance with Allah's Commandmerits 101

-

SALAH

PRAYERS

Fard-Obligatory Prayers : .. 121

Salah in Congregation '" 143

Sunnah and Nafilah Non-Obligatory Prayers ~ 173

Khushu' and Khudu'-Fear and Devotion in Prayers 213

Virtues of Wudu-Ablution 225

The aa'mal-deeds and Fada' ii-Virtues of the Masjid 235

'ILAM AND DHIKR KNOWLEDGE AND REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH SUBHAHNAHU WA TA'ALA

'IIn1- Knowledge 241

Inspiration by Our'an and Hadith , , 265

DHIKR (Remembrance of Allah Ta '~i1a)'

Virtues of Al-Our'an ; ,;.: 2{)8

Virtues of Remmernbering Allah Ta 'ala: .. : O': 299

Du'a'-Supplicatioll and Ohikr-Remernbrances

as narrated from Rasullillah Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wasall;1II1 .... 354

IKRAM-UL-MUSLIM

C~ENEROUSLY FULFILLING THE RIGHTS OF MU' ,1 irJi~)

.

'rlll' fliqnity of Muslim : ; :I~J:)

Excellence of Conduct ,110

The Rights of Muslims 424

Strengthening the Bonds Of Kinship 480

Warning against Hanning Muslims 488

Reconciling differences amongst Muslims 512

Helping Muslims 518·

IKHLAS SINCERITY OF INTENTION

Sincerity of Intention 527

Belief in Promisies of Allah and Hope of Rewards 540

Condemnation of Riya-Deeds with Intention of Being Seen 544

DA 'WAT AND TABLIGH INVITING TOWARDS ALLAH AND CONVEYING HIS MESSAGE

Da 'watand its Virtues 557

Virtues of G()ing Out in the Path of Allah 592

The Etiquettes and Deeds of the Path of Allah 614

AVOIDING. THE IRRELEVANT

Avoiding the Irrelevant 655

GLOSSARY .

........................... 672

BIBLIOGRAPHY .

........ 675

I PHONETICS
t
Arabic Names of Transli- Pronunciation
Letters Letters teration
Alif a a, i, U, at
y ba b As in English.
t.::.J ta t A soft dental, like the Italian t.
~ tha th Very nearly the sound of th
as in thing.
~ jim J As in English.
C. !:Ia !:I A strong aspirate, as in hall.
C. kha kh Guttaral, like the Scotch ch
in loch.
.) dal d A soft dental.
~ dhal dh A sound between dh and z,
.) ra r Same as in English.
;) za z Same as in English.
..r sln s Same as in English.
~ shin sh Same as in English.
4./' ~ad s A strongly articulated sw.
J" <;iii<;i <;i A strongly articulated tho
..b ta t A strongly articulated palatal t.
j; ?:a ?- . A strongly articulated z.
t. 'ayn A guttaral an, the pronunciation
must be learnt by an Arabic teacher .
t ghain gh A strong guttaral gh.
J fa f A", in English.
iii J qaf' q A strongly' articulated
!) semi guttaral k.
kaf k As in English.
J lam As in English.
~ mlm m As in English.
4J nun n As in English.
0 ha h As in English.
J waw w As in English.
~ Hamzah ' Pronounced as a, i, u, preceded
by a very slight aspiration.
4S ya y As in English. Short Vowels
..
- Fathah a
- Kasrah
..
,
- Darnrnah u
,. Hamzah '
y Shaddah Kalla Long Vowels

~ "

a n I

"

II·

PREFA.CE

PREFACE

PREFACE

As in English. As in English.

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All praises to the Sustainer of the worlds. and grace; honour and salutations' on. the . Chief of' Apostles. and Seal of Prophets, Muhammad, his family, companions and those who followed him in an excellent fashion and .invited mankind towards Allah, till the Day of Resurrection.

This is a reality which can be stated without any ambiguity and exaggeration, that in the Islamic world of today the most powerfull, useful and all-encompassing effort, is the struggle of the Tablighi Jamaat whose center is situated at the Tablighi Markaz Nizamuddin, Dehli (Indiaj'!', The scope of this effort and its impact is not restricted to' the Indian subcontinent.ior Asia, but extends to many continents and to a host of Islamic and Non-Islamic states.

.

As in English.

Pronounced as a, i, u, preceded by a very slight aspiration.

Pronounced with a sustained emphasis on that letter.

The history of such campaigns and revolutionary or reformative 'movements shows that, after passage of a period of time; or when the scope ofthe effort enlarges greatly (specially 'when, by means of it, the attainment of certain advantages and leadership becomes apparent) then such weaknesses, unwanted objectives and neglect of the original goals set in, which reduce or even totally wipe out the true influence of the work.

Long vovels.

(I). In this assertion and testimony. there is no negation of the 'importance of all those useful efforts and movements which cater to the reality and needs of the present times. and which also create the ability to counter-the prevailing trials and tribulations. Here. the objective is only to acknowledge and highlight the effectiveness and vastness of the efforts being made from the Tab/i'ghi Da'wat and its Movement. in a positive manner.

IV

v

PREFACE.

PREFACE

PREFACE

However,the Tablighi effort (as far as the knowledge and observations of the writer go) has, toa large extent been saved from these tribulations up to now.

It is quite evident that tbe nature of this movement is based on giving others priority over oneself (despite one's dire needs), a passion for sacrifice, a quest for the pleasure of Allah, a desire for reaping rewards in the Hereafter, respect and honour of Islam and Muslims, humility and submissiveness to Allah, the proper fulfillment of religious obligations,with a desire for further advancement, a preoccupation with the remembrance of Allah, refraining as far as humanly possible from unprofitable and unnecessary preoccupations and undertaking protracted journeys, while enduring all sorts of hardships for the pleasure of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'aUi have become a regular practice.

These special characteristics and distinctions of this work attributable to the sincerity of its first preacher (Sheikh .ammad Ilyas Rahimatullahu 'alaihi), his preoccupation

"'th Allah, his prayers, struggle, sacrifice and above all, the acceptance of this work by Allah the Exalted. Beside this. it is also a consequence of those principles and preconditions which were declared essential by its first preacher from its very inception, and on which he always insisted and propagated. To think about the meanings and responsibilities inherent in the Kalimah, to acquire knowledge of the virtues of fulfilling all forms of obligatory worship, a consciousness of the virtues of knowledge and the remembrance of Allah along with a preoccupation with the remembrance of Allah, respect for Muslims with an appreciation and fulfillment of their rights, to correct the motives behind every action, so that it is done sincerely and solely for the pleasure of Allah, to refrain from all that is irrelevant, and an enthusiasm and consciousness of the v\rtues of travelling in the path of Allah. These are those elements and characteristics which have protected this

PREFACE

movement from becoming a political, material organization, geared for obtaining material benefits, fame and authority, and it has remained a purely religious movement aii(hyJ at attaining the pleasure of Allah.

These principles and elements, which have been considered essential for this movement, have been derived from the Qura'n and Sunnah. They serve as its guardians to obtain the pleasure of Allah and protect Deen (religion) and their sources 'are the Qura' n and Prophetic practices and traditions.

There was thus a need that all the relevant Qura'nic verses and ariadith (Prophetic practices and sayings) be compiled in a book. Praise be to Allah, that the second preacher of this movement of inviting towards righteousness, Sheikh Muhammad Yusuf (son of the first preacher, Sheikh Ilyas Rahimatullahu 'alaihi) who had a very profound and comprehensive knowledge of books of Aljadith, has collected all the relevant principles, rules and precautions from their original sources in th€ form of a book. He has been so comprehensive and extensive that this book is not merely a compilation of these principles rules and instructions, but perhaps an encyclopedia, in which without being selective or brief, all of these have been mentioned with their relative importance. It. is perhaps the will of Providence that the writer's fortunate and worthy grandson Sheikh Sa'ad, (May Allah prolong his life and bless him with further works of this nature), has assumed the responsibility of publishing this book for general benefit. May Allah Ta 'ala grant acceptance to this effort and service, and make it most beneficial. And this is not

hard for Allah. f-~~'~~'~\:oJ

VI

vii

Abul Hasan 'Ali Nadavi Dairah Shah 'Alamullah Rai Baraily U.P - 20 Dhi Qa'adah 1418 H

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says: ...

Indeed Alfah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad ~allallihu 'alaihi wasallam) from amongst themselves (being human, people can easily benefit from his distinguished qualities), reciting unto them His verses (by means of these Qur'inic verses, inviting them and advising them) and purifying them (of sins and correcting their conduct) and teaches them the Book (Qur'in) and Al-Hikmah (his Sunnahi, before which they were in manifest error.

Ale-Tmran 3: 164 In the context of the above verse, Sheikh Sayyad Sulairnan Nadavi Rahmatullahi 'alaihi writes (in the preface of a book about Sheikh Muhammad Ilyas Rahmatullahi 'alaihi and his religious movement) that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alai hi wasallam was given the following Divine obligations of prophethood: Invite towards Allah by reciting the verses of the Qur'an, to purify-people's undesirable traits, and to teach them the Book and Wisdom (Sunnah).

It has been substantiated by the Qur'an and Ahddithe- Sahiha (confirmed traditions) that the Ummah (followers) of the Last of the Prophets; Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, was Divinely deputed for the guidance of all peoples (nations) of the world. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala says: ...

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,

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INTRODUCTION

(0 Muslims) You are the best of the peoples, you have been sent towards mankind,to enjoin good and forbid evil. Ale- 'Imran 3: 110 .

This verse clearly implies that the Muslim Ummab is the deputy to the Prophet, in his ordained obligations of inviting towards righteousness, enjoining good, and forbidding evil.

. Hence, the obligations entrusted to Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam - invitation through recitation of the QuI;_' an, purifying people of undesirable qualities, and teaching the Book and Wisdom - became the prime responsibilities of

Muslim Ummah as well. .

Therefore, Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam taught his Ummah to spend their life and wealth in inviting towards Allah, learning and teaching Divine knowledge, Remembering and Worshipping Allah. The Sahabali gave preference to the above deeds over all worldly preoccupations. . They were trained to practice these A'mdl (actions) under all circumstances with complete dedication, patience, and forbearance withstanding all forms of' difficulties and hardships. And they were taught to benefit others by sacrificing physically and materially.

In compliance with the command: ...

~ , ::;.,.- - ~'J_ • " .,.,

.... o.)~J>-~, J 'J~J

,..,..,. "" -, ""

And strive hard in Allih's cause, as you ought to strive

AI-l:Iajj 22: 78

The Sahiibalt strove in the manner of prophets with piety, austerity, discipline, self-sacrifice, and. giving preference to others. Thus, an environment was created in which emerged models of excellence, who became the elite of the Ummah. The era in which the deeds of Rasillullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam were collectively practiced by the Ummah was declared to be the Khair-ul-Quriin, (the best of all the times, or the best period of the Ummah).

Then in successive periods, the religious elite of the Ummah spent their full effort and energy in fulfilling these Prophetic

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obligations. tbe luminance of these self-sacrificing efforts' is still illuminating the world of Islam,

In these times, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala placed in the heart of Sheikh Muhammad Ilyas Rahmatullahi 'alaihi a restlessness and anxiety over the erosion in Islam and a burning desire to correct this state of Ummah. In the view of the religious elite of his times he was unique in this respect. He used to remain restless and concerned for the revival of alJ what was revealed to Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala in the whole world_. He advocated, with resolute determination, that any effort-for the revival of Deen can only be effective and acceptable when it's done in the manner of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam,

Therefore, such Da'i (one who invites towards Islam) need to be developed, whose desires should be consistent in knowledge, action, thought, perception, passion, compassion, and the manner of invitation to Islam - with the aspirations of prophets, particularly Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. Not only should they posses a strong lmiin and virtuous deeds, but their inner inspirations should be like those of prophets. They should cherish a fervent love of Allah and His fear, and a state of intimacy with Him.

In character and habits, they should adhere to the Sunnali of the Prophet Sallallahu 'alaihi wasaUam. Their love or hatred should be for the Sake of Allah. The motivating factor behind their inviting to Islam should be a deep compassion and mercy for Muslims, and kindness for all the creation of Allah. The oft-repeated Devine principle for prophets, "Our reward is solely with Allah," should be their hallmark. They should have no other objective except the pleasure of AJUih.

They should have such a passionate desire for the revival of Deen in the world that it keeps driving them, away of their routines, in the path of Allah; while their lives and wealth becoming mere instruments in attaining this objective. There should be no notion of personal authority, status, wealth,

x

J

~.

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

property, honour and fame; not even a desire ~or personal ~est and comfort. Whether sitting, standing, speaking, or walking; every act or move should be geared in this direction.

To revive the ways of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alalhi wasallam in this effort and bring all facets of life according to the commandments of Allah Subhanahii wa Ta 'ala and the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallarn, and to ~qu~~ those struggling in this path with the above, mentioned qualities the Six Points (of Tablfgh) were prescribed. All the contemporary scholars and religious elite supported and commended these six

qualities.

Sheikh Yusuf Rahmatullahi 'alaihi, son of Sheikh Ilyas Rahrnatullahi 'alaihi, dedicated his whole life striving relentlessly with a directed zeal to promote the work in this direction and raise a group of workers equipped with these qualities. These qualities have be.en derived froI_U reputable books of Ahadith, biography, and history, he compiled a threevolume book, Hayat-us-Sahabah. (The Lives of the companions of the Prophet), which gives a representative glimpse of the life of Rasiilullah Sallallah~ 'alai~i wasallam and his companions. By the grace of Allah, this book was published during his lifetime.

The Sheikh had compiled another book of hadith. Muntakhab Ahadith, in respect of these six qualities (six points). Howeve~, prior to the final compilation of this book, he left for hIS

heavenly abode. ~~I)~!U!J ;a,U!

Sheikh Muhammad Yusuf Rahrnatullahi ,'alaihi,spoke to numerous close friends and colleagues about this collection of ahiidith, He used to thank Allah, in gratitude and was well pleased with this collection. Allah alone knows what aspirations were in his heart and how he wa~ted to ~r~sent th~ collection, to make it illuminating and effective. ThIS IS how It

was destined by Allah.

xi

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INTRODUCTION

By the grace of Allah, the Urdu rendering of Muntakhab Abadfth has already been presented (Jamadiul-Auwal 1421 or September 2000). Now this collection ofal)tldfth with its English translation is being presented. In translating this book, it has been tried that the language remains simple and easy to grasp. For the clarification of the meanings of certain abadith, some sentences have been added in brackets. Besides this, some explanatory notes have also been added.

Since, the Sheikh could not review the draft of the book, considerable effort had to be made to, correct the text of ahadith, and to make a critical analysis of the transmitters, and to classify the ahadith as Sahih, Hasan, or Dhaif (technical terms used in the classification of hadith) and an explanation of the difficult words of hadith. All the sources consulted have been referred to at the end of the book.

All precautions were taken in accomplishing this task and a group of scholars have substantially shared the burden. May Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'aIa bless all those associated with this venture with an excellent recompense. However, human error is always there. It is an earnest request to the scholars of Deen that they may kindly inform us of any amendments that may be needed. This collection was compiled by Sheikh Yusuf Rahmatullahi 'alaihi for a specific objective, the importance of whichliasbeen adequately explained by Sheikh Sayyad Abu] Hasan Ali Nadvi Rahmatullahi 'alaihi. It is, therefore, important to save this collection from any amendments or brevity.

',

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala appointed Prophets 'Alaihimus

Salam to-disseminate His word and knowledge for the eternal success of mankind. To benefit fully from' these branches of sublime knowledge, it is essential that fervent belief be built according to the knowledge. While reading or listening to the words of Allah -. 'or Rasulullah Sallallahutalaihi wasallam, one should consider oneself completely ignorant. That is, belief in human . experiences and research should be replaced by the

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belief in the unseen, and the heart should affirm every word, read or heard as the truth.

An etiquette of reciting or listening· to the Qur' an is that one should imagine that Allah Subbanahu wa Ta 'ala is addressing him, similarly when one sits to read or listen to hadith, one should think that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam is directly addressing him. While reading or listening, the effect of the words will be proportionate to the greatness and respect that one has for the addressee and how attentive one is.

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Allah Subhanahii wa Ta'ala says: ...

When they listen to . what has been sent down to the Messenger (Mul}ammad ~allallihu 'a1aihi wasallam), you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of the truth they have recognised.

Al-Miiidah 5: 83

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A1.1ah Subhanahu waTa'ala says (at another place): ...

(0 Mul}ammad) announce the geod news to my slaves. Those who .Iisten to the Word and follow the best thereof (i.e. worship Allah alone and repent to Him and avoid Taghiit etc), those are (the one) whom Allah has guided and those are the men of understanding. .

(Az-Zumar 39: 17-18)

It is reported in Bukhari

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Abu Hurairah Ra(liyalliihu 'anhu narrates: Rasiilulliih ~allalliihu 'alaihi wasallam said: When Allah decrees a matter in heaven, the

.xiii

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INTRODUCTION

angels strike their wings in fear and submission to His word. The decree of their Rabb sounds to them like (the chiming of) a chain on a smooth rock. When their hearts are relieved from fear, they ask one another what did your Rabb say? They reply that whatever He said is the Truth. and He is the Most High and the Greatest. (Bukhari)

In another narrationfrom Bukhari

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(IS )bi.,ll olJ) Anas . Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that whenever Nabi ~allallihu 'alaihi wasallam would say something (important) he would repeat his words thrice, so that they are understood.

Therefore, it .will be proper to read a haditn three times. One should be engaged in this knowledge with discipline; suppressing ones personal desires. Practice to read and hear attentively, lovingly and respectfully. Conversations in between should be avoided. An attempt should be made to sit with wudii, in the position of tashahhud, without reclining. The objective is that the Qur'an and words of hadith affect the heart. Such a fervent belief be built on the promises of Allah and His Prophet that it creates an earnest longing for Deen - the force which makes us perform every action according to the Sunnah. of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, and to consult the scholars of Deen, for a systematic guidance in performing our deeds (actions) correctly.

I begin this book with an excerpt from the Preface of the book, Amdnil Ahbdr Sharh Ma 'dnil Athar by Sheikh Muhammad Yiisuf Rahmatullahi 'alaih. This book is a commentary on Imam Tahawi Rahmatullahi 'alaih's famous book of hadith Ma 'ani! Atllar, on the life and sayings of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and his companions.

Mulrammad Sa 'ad Kandhlawi Madrassah Kiishiful Uloo", Basti Nizamuddin AII.lia New Dehli, India

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Quotation from the Preface of hook Amiiniyal Al)hiir Sharb Ma'iiniyal Athiir by Sheikh Mohammad Yousuf Rahmatulliihi 'Alaihi

.

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INTRODUCTION

All praises be to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, Who created man, so He may lavishly spend (on man) His. bounties that do not exhaust with passage of time, which are from such treasures that never deplete by spending and that are beyond human comprehension. In human beings, Allah has hidden such jewels of inherent capabilities that, if found and applied, will entitle him to benefit from the treasures of Ar-Rahrnan (the Most Beneficent). And by means of which he can attain such success as to dwell eternally in Paradise.

Allah's salutations be upon Muhammad Sallallahu "alaihi was allam, the Chief of all Prophets and Apostles, the one bestowed with the distinction of interceding for the sinful, and the one sent as a mercy and blessing to mankind. Allah had chosen him, before the creation of the Pen and the Preserved Tablet, to lead all Prophets and Apostles. And selected him for conveying His message to mankind. He was selected to describe His bounties and boundless treasures that were beyond human comprehension.

Allah endowed him with those branches of knowledge, relating to His Magnificent Self, which were never unfolded to mankind. Allah revealed to him such of His glorious and illustrious attributes, which none knew before; neither a close angel nor an Apostle. His (The Prophet's) chest was opened and he was empowered with the capability to comprehend all the hidden qualities placed in man -qualities by means of which man can achieve a proximity to. Allah, and seek zutdance in-the-affairs-ofthis-world and the Hereafter.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala taught Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam the means of correcting the deeds of human beings, which are continually stemming from' them with every passing moment. The correction of deeds forms . the cornerstone of success in this world and the Hereafter, just as improper deeds result in deprivationand failure in both the

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INTRODUCTION

worlds.

May Allah Subhanahii wa Ta 'ala be pleased with the Sahiibali Radiyallahu 'anhum. They acquired the knowledgeknowledge, which is more numerous than the leaves of trees and the drops of rain- that. continually stemed from Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. Then they committed it to their memory, and preserved it in the most befitting manner. They accompanied the Prophet on journey and at home, and participated in all his pre-occupations: Da 'wah (preaching), Jihad (striving in the cause), 'Ibiidah (worship), and social affairs. Then they learned to practice these deeds according to the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam in his presence.

Blessed are the Sahdbah, who acquired knowledge and its application directly from Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, without any intermediaries. Furthermore, they did not restrict these branches of knowledge to themselves; rather they conveyed this knowledge and wisdom, which was preserved in their hearts and the deeds that they performed, to others. Thus, illuminating the universe with Divine knowledge and spiritual prophetic deeds. As a result of their endeavours, the whole world became a cradle of learning and scholarship. Men became fountains of light and guidance; and their lives became firmly grounded on worship and Khildfat.

xvii

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

1

lman

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH



NONE IS WORTHY OF WORSHIP BUT ALLAH; MUQAMMAD IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH.

IMAN

The literal. meaning of lmttn is to believe in someone's words relying solely on his authority. In religious terms, it implies belief tit the Unseen relying solely on the authority of the

Messenger of Allah Subhnnahu wa Ta'ala.

VERSES OF QUR' AN

Allah Subhanahii wa Ta'ala said to His Prophet:

And We sent no Messenger before you except that We revealed to him: There is none worthy of worship except Me, so worship

Me. Al-Anbiya 21:25

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KALIMAH TAYYlBAH

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

The believers are only those whose hearts tremble with fear whenever Allah is mentioned. And when His verses are recited to them, these increase their faith; and in their Rabb (Sustainer) they vest their

trust. Al-Anfal 8:2

Allah Subhanahti wa Ta'ala says:

And so, as for those who believe in Allah and hold fast to Him, He will cause them to enter into a Mercy from Him and (bestow on them) a Bounty; and He will guide them to Him along a straight path.

An-Nisa4:175

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Indeed! We do help Our Messengers and those who believe in the life of this world and on the Day (of Resurrection) when the witnesses will stand up.

Al-Mu'rnin 40:51

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala says:

It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and worship none but Him Alone) and do not mix their belief with Zulm (by wronging themselves, that is, by worshipping others besides Allah), for them (only) there is peaceful security and they are the rightly

guided. AI-An 'am 6:82

2

Imnn

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Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

And those who believe are intense in their love for Allah.

Al-Baqarah 2:165

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Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala said to His Prophet:

Say! Verily, my ~alat and my sacrifice (of animals) and my living and my dying are for Allah, Rabb (Sustainer) of the Worlds.

Al-Ari'am 6:162

AIIADITH

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,o~:,.-5)" ••• .Jl.o.!';1"., • ....;..)~ ,:)\~ y4 ,,.-1-- 1. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Iman (faith) has more than seventy branches; the superiormost one is saying ot Iii iliiha illalliih (There is none worthy of worship except Allah); and the inferior most is the removal of an obstacle from the way; and Hayd is a branch of Iman, (Muslim)

Note: The essence. of Hayd is that it restrains a man from evil and prevents a man from neglecting the obligations that he owes to others. (Riyad-us-Salihtn)

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,\/,~tOIJ) .~~41~~lA;)~~ 2. Abu Bakr Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who accepts from me the Kalimah, which I presented to my uncle (Abu Talib at the time of his death) and he rejected it, this will be a means for his salvation. (Musnad Ahmad)

KAUMAH TAYYIBAH

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t , 0/ 'h,..j. rJl '.:r- 3. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Renew your Iman! It was asked: 0 Rasiilallah! How do we renew our Iman? He said: Say frequently Iii iliiha illalliih. (Musnad Ahmad, Tabarani, Targhib)

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~~"~:,.-5)'~~~1 4. Jabir ibne-' Abdullah Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: The best Dhikr (remembrance of Allah) is Iii iliiha illalldh, and the best Du 'a (supplication) is Alhamdulilliili (Praise be to Allah). (Tirmidhi)

Note: This Kalimah is the basis of the entire Deen. Without the belief in Kalimah, neither Iman (faith) nor Aa'miil (deeds) are acceptable. Alhamdulilldb (Praise be to Allah) is said to be the best Du 'a because praising Allah, Who is the Most Generous, amounts to asking Him for His help or favours. (Mazahir Haque)

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~o,\. :,.-5) ,1p.i»1~)w....rl.~.)Y"',~~.:r-o.!..t.1? 5. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Whenever a slave (of Allah) says Iii ilaha illalliih sincerely, the doors of the skies are opened (for it to ascend) until it reaches the 'Arsh (Throne of Allah, and. is readily accepted) provided he abstains from major sins. (Tjrmidhl)

Note: To say sincerely means that it is free from pretence and hypocrisy. Abstaining from major sins ensures its rapid acceptance, and even if it is recited without abstaining from the major sins, it is still beneficial and rewarding. (Mirqat-ul-Mafatth

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

5

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,'\ t/, ..IlIJ)I~ ,0 _,AI y41\o:-)J )I_;,JIJ 6. Ya'la ibne-Shaddad Radiyallahu 'anhu says that my father Shaddad narrated to me in the presence of 'Ubadah ibne-Samit Radiyallahu 'anhuma who verified the narration. He said: We 'were present with Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. He inquired: Is there any stranger amongst you, that is, the people of the Book? We said:

No, 0 Rasulallahl He then asked us to shut the door and said: Raise your hands and say La ildha illalliih, So, we raised our hands for a while (and recited the Kalimah). Afterwards Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam lowered his hand and said: Al/:zamdulillah (Praise be to Allah). 0 Allah! Verily, You have sent me with this Kalimah and have ordered me to convey it and have promised me Paradise on it, and verily, You do not break Your Promise. He then said addressing the Sahabah: Indeed, rejoice for Allah has forgiven you! (Musnad Ahmad, Tabaranr, Bazzar, Majma-'uz-Zawaid)

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7. Abu Dhar Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu "alaihi wasallam said: Whenever a slave of Allah said La iiiiha illalliin and died believing in it, he surely entered Paradise. I asked: Even if he had fornicated and even if he had stolen? He replied: Even if he had fornicated and even if he had stolen. I again asked: Even if he had fornicated and even if he had stolen? He repeated: Even if he had fornicated and even if he had stolen. I asked the third time: Even if he had fornicated and even if he had stolen? He emphasized: Even if he had fornicated and even if he had stolen, despite your disapproval

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

[miin

6

o Abu Dhar! (Bukharr)

Note: Abu Dhar Radiyallahu 'anhu was surprised that despite such major sins, how could a man enter Paradise while justice demanded that he should be subjected to punishment. Hence, Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said emphatically to remove his astonishment that despite the disapproval of Abu Dhar, the man will enter Paradise; implying that even though he may have done sins, but because of his Iman he will turn with repentance and get his sins forgiven; or Allah will, out of His Infinite Mercy, forgive him and send him to Paradise without any punishment or after a punishment. In any case, He will eventually send him to Paradise. (Mu'ariful I:IadTth)

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t V'('/to\o:-~~J~j, r.;s.~~..I?I..i..> 8. Hudhaifah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Islam will gradually fade as the design on cloth fades, until neither Siyam (fasting), nor Zakat (charity) nor Nusuk (religious devotion and sacrifice) will be known. In a certain night, the Quran will be lifted from the hearts of men leaving not a single verse on the earth, and only a few groups of people will remain, of old men and old women, saying: We found our forefathers reciting the Kalimah La iliiha illalldh, so we are reciting it. Silah ibne-Zufr said to Hudhaifah Radiyallahu 'anhu: How will their saying of La iliiha illalliin benefit them when they neither know Siyam, nor Zakat, nor Nusuk? Hudhaifah Radiyallahu 'anhu evaded him. So he repeated his question thrice, each time Hudhaifah evaded him. Then, after the third time, he turned and faced him saying: 0 Silah! It will indeed save them from the Fire. (Mustadrak ijakim)

KALIMAH fAYYlBAH

7

Iman

t, t/"~.rll '~liIJ).uIJ)Juil."kJIJh,JloIJ) .4!t~h~~1 J;id~: ,a;~;; 9. Ab~ ~ura~r~ Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that RasiHuliah Sallallahu al~Ihl wasallam said: He who says La ildha illalliih, it shall benefit.hIm (be a means for his salvation) though before that he may be afflicted by what (Punishment) is to befall him (B _

Tabaranl, Targhib) . azzar,

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",./, • ..IJIJ)I~'~IJI>:-)-.JI>:-)4i!J 10. ~Ab~ullah Ibne-Umar Ra(liyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulul!ah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Shall I not inform f ~he advice of Nuh 'Alai his Salam to his son? They said: Ind{e~U ;0 mform ~s. He .saId: Nul} 'Alaihis Salam ~dv:ised his sonsaying: 0 my son. I. advise you to act upon two thmgs and forbid you from two. I advise you to say: .La ilaha iilalliih; if it were placed in one pan o~ the scale, and t~e skies and the earth in the other pan, it would out~e~gh. them: An~ If these (the skies and the earth) were to form an invincihlq CIrcle, It (the Kalimah) would break through the circle and ~ould .reac~ Allah Ta'ala. And I advise you to say:· Sub_hanallahll ~zlm Wabihamdihi (Glory be to the Most Exalted Alla~, and PraI~e be. to Him), as it is the worship of the entire cre~tIon.' and by It, .their sustenance is allotted; and I forbid you from two, Shirk (polythetsm) and Kibr (arrogance) because these two evils keep one away from Allah Ta'ala, (Bazzar, Majma-'uz-Zawiiid)

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KALIMAH TAYYlBAH

8

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11. Talha ibne- 'Ubaidullah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Indeed, I know a Kalimah which if recited by a dying man, will be a means of solace for his departing soul and will be a light for him on the Day of Resurrection (this Kalimah is La iliiha illallCih). (Abu Ya'lii, Majma-'uzZawaid)

Vth :~)'.s..lo!..;...W:-W :JwlIJ_,iy~,.s)\>..,l'o'J) (~.wIY'j>:"J"J) j~1.fJ1 12. Anas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrated (in a long narration) that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Each and everyone will be liberated from Fire, who had said La ilaha illalliih, and in his heart, there was goodness (Iman) equal to the weight of a grain of barley. After them, everyone will be liberated from the Fire who had said: La ildha illalliih, and in his heart, there was goodness (Iman) equal to the weight of a grain of wheat. After that, everyone will be liberated from the Fire who had said: La iliiha illalliih, and in his heart, there was goodness (Iman) equal to the weight of a particle of dust. (Bukhari)

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13. Miqdad ibne-Aswad Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: There shall not remain upon the earth a house made of mud or of camel's hair in any city, village or desert, except that Allah will make this Kalimah of Islam to enter into it, either with a big honour and love or with a submissive humiliation-either Allah will honour them by making them from among the people of the Kalimah, or disgrace them by making them live as subjects of the Muslims. (Musnad Ahmad)

KAUMAH TAYYIBAH

9

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,.n:~) 14. Ibn-e-Shirnasa Al Mahri Rahimahullah narrates that we were present with 'Amr ibnil-'A~ Radiyallahu 'anhuma while he was in the throes of death. After weeping continously, he turned his face towards the wall. At this, his son consoled him saying: 0 my father! ~a.s Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam not given you the glad tidings of such and such? Has Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam not given you the glad tidings of such and such? He then faced us and said: Verily the most excellent thing that we prepare (for ourselves) is the testimony of La iliiha illallahu wa anna Muhammad ur Rasiiluiliih (There is none worthy of worship except Aliah, and that Muhammad is His Messenger). Indeed I have passed my life through three stages. I had seen myself when there was no one more bitter in hatred towards Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam than myself, and no one more desiring to seize an opportunity to kill him than myself! And had I died in that state, I certainly would have been of the people of the Fire. Then, Allah placed Islam in my heart,

I came to Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and said: Give me

KAUMAHTAYYIBAH

10

[man

your right hand so that I may pledge allegiance to you. He extended his right hand, but I withdrew my hand. At this, he asked: What is with you 0 'Amr? I said: I want to make a condition. He said:

Make a condition of what? I said: That I be forgiven! He said: Did you not know that (the acceptance of) Islam eradicates the sins committed before it and Hijrah (migration) eradicates the sins committed before it and that Hajj (pilgrimage) eradicates the sins committed before it.

And (thereafter) no one was more revered to me than Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. And I could not bear to fill my eyes (with the sight) of him out of reverence for him. And if I were asked to describe him, I would not be able to do so, as I never looked at him to my fill; and had I died in that state, I would have been hopefully amongst the people of Paradise. Afterwards, we were given responsibilities regarding which I know not how I have fared. (This was the third phase of my life) So when I die (see that) I am not accompanied by a wailing woman, or a fire. When you have buried me, mould the mud upon my grave (in the shape of) a mound, then remain standing around my grave for such time as it would take to slaughter a camel and distribute its meat, so that I may feel solace from you, while I see what reply I give to the messengers (angels) of my Rabb. (Muslim)

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15. 'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: 0 son of Khattabl Go and announce amongst the people that indeed none shall enter Paradise except the Mu'miniin (believers). (Muslim)

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'1'1) .j'\.uIJ)1 ~ 'Ji J.u J 16. Abu Laila Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Woe to you 0 Abu Sufyan! Indeed I have come to you with (the success of) this world and the Hereafter, so accept Islam, and enter into safety. (Tabaranl, Majma-'uz-Zawaid)

KAUMAH fAYYIBAH

11

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17. Anas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi w~sallam saying: When the Day of Resurrection ~ill take place, I will be allowed intercession, so I will say: 0 my Rabb! Send to Paradise whoever had in their hearts a mustard seed of Iman (Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will accept my intercession), so they will enter Paradise. Then, I will say: Send to Paradise whoever had in his heart the smallest particle (of Iman). (Bukhan)

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n :~) ,JW.~I.}.J~illjAIJ.:o:>wY4,.s)~10IJ) . ~~~~I;':" &..;;.J~)iJ1 18. Abu Sa'Id Al Khudri Radiyallahu 'anhu reports that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam in a Hadith Qudsi narrated: When the people of Paradise will have entered Paradise, and the people of the ~ire will have entered the Fire, Allah Ta' ala will say: Take out from It whosoever had in his heart Iman equal to the weight of a mustard seed. Accordingly, they will be taken out from the Fire, blackened (by it). They will be cast into the River of Life from where they shall sprout afresh, as a seed sprouts on the bank of a torrential stream. Have you not seen how it comes out yellow and curved? (BukharI)

~ !~I J~)tt :J~ ~) 41L ~. ~I J~j tl ~ '.iill ~j ~~f ~J ~ _, 1\ '~J~1.>JlolJ) (~~1) .~~'::~ :'I!;~'II.!.Ii ~L::"J "'I!:' ;'.!.Ii~ I~~ :J~ ~~~11

, '1'., , t /, .r.".iJl.wlJJ 19. Abu Umamah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that a man asked Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam: 0 Rasiilallah! What is Iman? H~ replied: When your. good deed pleases you and your evil deed gneves you, then you are a Mu'min (believer). (Mustadrak Hakim)

KAUMAH fAYYIBAH

[man

12

~ jl~ :J~ ~ ~I J~j ~:vi :,.:s.'.iill ~j '; ~~i, 4 ~ q"~';f _y • .J'.Ji~J.l.ulY4,~0IJ) .~~j ~ ~J ~~ ~")\.:.1ltJ~) ~lt~):; ~~11 .

'O':~)"" '4).1t4.r") 20. 'Abbas ibne-' Abdul Muttalib Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He has indeed tasted the delightful flavour of Iman; who is pleased with Allah as Rabb, and. with Islam as Deen (religion) and with Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam as (Allah's) Messenger. (Muslim)

Note: It means that whosoever worships Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and leads a life according to Islam with complete obedience to Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam along with a profound love for Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and Raslilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam has indeed tasted the sweetness of Iman.

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, '\:~) ,.J~ill OJ"» y4 ,.s)~1 OIJ) . iJ,.) ~~ ~1 o~ w- ~I.) 21. Anas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates NabI Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Whosoever possesses the followi~g three qualities will have tasted the sweetness of Iman: The one who loves Allah and His Rasill more than anything else; the one who loves a person only for the sake of Allah; and the one who hates to return to Kufr (disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the Fire. (Bukhari)

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,~lt~iJ ,;», ~i :; :Jli :Ui ~ ;»1 y~j ~ :,.:s. '.iill ~) a.P~i ~i ~ -n

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t'\"':~) 22. Abu Umamah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Anyone, who loves for the sake of Allah alone and hates for the sake of Allah alone; gives for the sake of Allah alone and withholds for the sake of Allah alone, has indeed perfected his Iman. (Abu Dawud)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

13

lman

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V./Vi.lI..J_11~.}.j+..,lIOIJ) .J»IJ 23. Ibne'Abbas Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam asked Abu Dhar: 0 Abu Dhar! Which hand-hold of Iman is most trustworthy? He replied: Allah 'Azza wa Jall, and His Rasiil know best. . He said: Friendship for the sake of Allah alone, love for the sake of Allah alone and hatred for the sake of Allah alone. (Baihaqi)

Note: It means that from amongst the branches of Iman, the most lasting and invigorating is that, in one's dealings whether be it for making or breaking ties, for love or hatred, one looks solely to the pleasure of Allah and acts according to His Commandments, leaving aside all his personal desires.

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. 24. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Good tidings to the one who has believed in me and seen me; and good tidings seven times over to the one who has believed in me and has not seen me. (Musnad Ahmad)

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'1''\ ·/'1' .r.A.iJI..uIJJOl>:-fo-~J~IJ, _r.~~.!..!~I.lA :JIiJ~wloIJ) . ",;.;iJ~ 25. 'Abdur Rahman ibne-Yazid Rahimahullah narrates that some

. people mentioned the Sahabah of Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and their Iman before 'Abdullah Radiyallahu 'anhu. So, 'Abdullah said: Verily, the prophethood of Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam was clear and obvious for anyone who had seen him. And I swear by the One, besides Whom there is no one worthy of worship, no believer has a faith better than the belief in the Unseen. He then recited (from Al-Baqarah 2:1) Alif Lam Mim Dhdlikal Kitdbu Iii rayba fih ... bil Ghaib ''This is the Book (the Qur'an),

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

Iman

14

whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqiin; pious and righteous persons - who believe in the unseen!" (Mustadrak I;Iakim)

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'''''/Y'~ioIJ) . .ij;'~)~lpT 26. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: I wish that I could meet my brothers. The Sahabah of Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam asked:

Are we not your brothers? He replied: You are my companions, but my brothers are those who will believe in me without having seen me. (Musnad Ahmad)

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27. Abu 'Abdur Rahman Al Juhani Radiyallahu 'anhu narrated that we were sitting with Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, when two riders appeared. When he saw them, he said: These two men appear to be from the tribe of Kindah, Madhhij! When they reached him, it became evident that they were, in fact, from Madhhij, One of them came close to him to pledge allegiance. Upon taking the hand of Rasfilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, he said: 0 Rasulallah! What will be the reward for the one who has seen you and believes in you and verifies (that which) you (have been sent with) and follows you? Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied: Good tidings for him. So he passed his hand over the Prophet's hand and left, having made his pledge. Then the other came forward and took the Prophet's hand to pledge allegiance. He said: 0 Rasulallahl The one who believes in you, and verifies. you and follows you although

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15

lmlin

he had not seen you, what will he get? He replied: Good tidings to him, again good tidings to him, and again good tidings to him. So he passed his hand over the Prophet's hand and left, having made his pledge. (Musnad Ahmad)

~ ~~) :~I;.-i ~ i,~:~ i»1 J~) J~ :J~ ~'.i»I~)';" ~ z.J ~ -YA ,~Iy J.;-j Jw i»1 J.;- .s~i I~l !I ~I ~Ij ,~ ~ :;Tj ~:;T ~~I ill ~j~ 'ii:s.(~ 'i-~:!~::"':"';'~ \f:j~j ~~G::"':"';'~ t?~ ~ 04 c.ltS-~)j

~ V:~) • .w.i)oI.::.ti.r.)i ~y~ • .s)I><.,lIOI)) .~I;..t 28. Abu Musa Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: There are three types of people, who ~ill have a double reward: A man from among the people of the Book (Jew or Christian), who believed in his Prophet and (also) believed in Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam: a slave when he fulfils the rights (duties) of Allah as well as the rights of his master; and a man who possessed a maid-servant and brought her up in an excellent manner and educated her with the best of knowledge and then set her free and married her, for him is a double reward. (Bukhari)

Note: The objective of this hadith is to explain that a double reward will be. recorded in respect of each and every of their deeds, compared with those of others. For example, if anyone offers Salat, he will receive a tenfold reward and when anyone of them from these three persons does the same action, his reward will be twenty-fold.

(Mazahir Haque) .

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"/'~iol)) '§~~'Ji~~'~~~I~1i 29. Awsat Rahirnahullah narrated that Abu 'Bal\r Radiyallahu 'anhu addressed us saying: A year ago Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam stood at this very place where I am standing. And thereafter, Abu Bakr began to weep. Then Abu Bakr Radiyallahu 'anhu said: Ask Allah for 'Afiyah. (well being) as no one has been given anything better than 'Aflyah after Yaqin (certainty in faith). (Musnad Ahmad)

KAUMAH TAYYIBAH

16

lman

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30. 'Abdullah ibne-'Amr Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that indeed Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The beginning of the reformation of this Ummah was due to firm belief and abstaining from worldly pleasures and the beginning of the decline of this Ummah will be due to miserliness and long hopes. (Baihaql)

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Yr t t:~) ,.'ii'.s~ JS" pi.} Y~'~.r-.!...i.-"'" 31. 'Umar ibnil-Khattab Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Indeed, if you put your faith completely in Allah, as it ought to be, then surely you will be provided sustenance as birds are provided for. They leave in the morning with their empty stomachs and return in the evening duly

. filled. (TirrnidhI)

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Y~'. :~)"" .~~-.A"...~,:..-y~,.s)l><.,llOl)) 32. Jabir ibne-tAbdullah Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrated that he accompanied Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam in an expedition towards Najd; and when Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam was returning from this expedition, he was with him. At noon, they reached a valley, full of thorny trees. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam dismounted and the people dispersed amongst the trees, seeking shade. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam rested under a tree and hung his sword on it. We slept for a while when Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam suddenly called us, and there was a

KALIMAH TAYYlBAH

[man

17

Beduin disbeliever with him. He said: This (Beduin) drew my sword at me while I was asleep: So I woke up, while the naked sword was in his hand and he said to me: Who can save you from me? I said to him three times: Allah! Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam did not punish him and sat down. (Bukharl)

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I Y,\/llf)I...';II).J~';IIY4'~ 33. Salih ibne-Mismar and Ja'far ibne-Burqan Rahimahullah narrate that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam asked Harith ibne-Malik: How are you, O' Harith ibne-Malik? He replied: A Mu'rnin, 0 Rasiilallah! He asked: A true Mu'min! He replied: A true Mu'rnin. Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: For every truth, there is a reality. So what is the reality of your Iman? He replied: I have turned myself away from the world, and pass my nights awake (in worship) and pass my days in thirst (fasting). And as if I am seeing the 'Arsh (Throne) of my Rabb when it shall be brought, and as if I am seeing the people of Paradise visiting one another therein, and as if I am hearing the howling of the people of the Fire! At that, Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: (Harith is) A Mu'rnin whose heart has been enlightened. (Musannaf 'Abdur Razzaq)

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34. Ma'iz Radiyallahu ranhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam was asked which of the deeds are most virtuous? He said:

Iman on Allah the One, then Jihad, and then an accepted Hajj, These surpass all other deeds (in excellence), as the distance between the rising of the sun and its setting in the west. (Musnad Ahmad)

KALIMAII TllYYlBAH

18

1m 1111

Jw '9~1 e~~~ ~ t»1 ~~jy~I-)1 :J~~~I :?)~lP\~] ~ -,." :~~~11~a114It~'~~11~~114It~~~y~:.1~f~J~~( ~IJ~j

t I 'II :~),oU.l';lI.:r' ~ ..:f'~1'-:'4,~JI~y\'I).l .~I 35. Abu Umamah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that one day the Sahabah of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam mentioned about the' (luxuries of the) worid in his presence. So, Rasulu IIMI Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam (drawing the attention of the Sahabah to emphasize strongly the importance of the topic) said: Behold! Will you not listen? Behold! Will you not listen? Verily, a simple, humble hardy life emanates from Iman. Verily, a simple, humble hardy life emanates from Iman. Meaning thereby, a hardy life with simple clothes and giving up luxuries of life to such an extent that a person's

. skin becomes dry. (Abu Dawud)

Note: This does not mean that Iman is limited to a hardy life but Iman encompasses within itself numerous distinguished qualities.

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IIt/t~iol))(~..I.>JI~JA)). ~~IJ~ :J~~a~1 36. 'Amr ibne-'Abasah Radiyallahu 'anhu asked: Which 'man is the best? Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied: Hijra (generally it means migration). And then asked: What is Hijra? Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied: To forsake evil. (Masnad Ahmad)

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IOo,:~) '1',)\",),1 JI....> JI t.~ '-:'4'~ 01)) 37. Sufyan ibne-' Abdullah Aththaqafi Radiyallahu 'anhu narrated that I asked: 0 Rasulallah! Tell me something most important about Islam, so that I will have no further need to ask about this from anyone after you. He said: Say, I believe in Allah, and be steadfast therein. (Muslim)

Note: First, to believe in Allah and in all of His attributes, then comply with His Commandments and those of His Messenger. This Iman and compliance thereof ought not to be transitional but should be held steadfastly to. (Mazahir Haque)

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lman

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. £I,~.ul 38. 'Abdullah ibne-'Amr ibnil-'A~ Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily, the Iman in your hearts becomes worn just as clothes become worn out and tattered. So, keep on asking Allah to renew the Iman in your hearts.

(Mustadrak Hakim) .

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Y"Y":~), •••• 4J\::.oJI.}"I".-;JI) tl..:;J1 y4 'i.S)\;>;.,l101)) .~ JI~~ ~ lA)J~~ 39. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily, Allah has forgiven my Ummah the evil promptings or desires of their hearts, as long as they do not act upon them or speak of them. (BukharI)

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1"£. :~)"" '''I.o.!~I.}''''''r'_,JI''~Y4,~01)) .y~~1 40. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that some of the Sahabah Radiyallahu 'anhum came to Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and asked him: We find that, in our hearts, arise such thoughts that we would be ashamed to talk of them. He said: Well, do you indeed feel like that? We said: Yes. He replied: That is pure Iman. (Muslim)

Note: This means that when these thoughts instigate you; and far from believing in them, you do not even want to utter them. Then indeed this is the sign of perfect Iman. (Nawawi)

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

20

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Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Testify frequently La ilaha illalldh. (None is worthy of worship except Allah) before a barrier (death or illness) comes between you and it. (Musnad Abu Ya'la, TarghIb)

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H''\:~)" ••• ':;"l.o.:r-"i~J.,l.uIY4'~0IJ) .GI~~ 42. 'Uthman ibne-' Affan Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He, who died knowing (and believing) that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, will enter Paradise. (Muslim)

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',,~/'o..l.;......o.}.}A!y-ioIJ) .GI ~~ J;.. 43. 'Uthrnan ibne-' Affan Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He, who died knowing that Allah is True and He exists, will enter Paradise. (Musnad Abu Ya'la)

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Y £ I"/Y ~1t"~1 44. 'AlT Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi . wasallam said in a Hadith Qudsi that Allah Ta'ala says: Indeed I am Allah, . there is none worthy of worship except Me; he who acknowledges My Oneness enters My fortress, and he who enters My fortress is safe from My Punishment. (Shirazl, Jami-rus-Saghtr)

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45. Makhul Rahimahullah narrated that a very old man, with eyebrows drouping over his eyes, came and said: 0 Rasiilallah A man who had betrayed, fornicated, and not left any wish or a slightest desire (whether permitted or forbidden) but fulfilled it; if his sins were distributed amongst the entire population of the world, they would be destroyed thereby. Can his turning with repentance be accepted? Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam asked: Have you embraced Islam? He replied: As for me, I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, Alone, without partner, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

Nabl Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Then, indeed Allah will keep forgiving you and replacing your evil deeds with righteous ones as long as you are faithful to the words of this Kalimah. At this, the old man exclaimed: 0 Rasulallah! And my betrayals and my fornication? Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied: And your betrayals and your fornication. The old' man then turned and left saying (out of sheer joy): Alliihii Akbar, La iliiha illalliih. (TafsTr ibn Kathir)

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46. 'Abdullah ibne-'Arnr ibnil 'A~ Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates: I heard Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Indeed Allah will summon a man from my Ummah in the presence of the entire creation on the Day of Resurrection and ninety-nine scrolls (of evil deeds) will be unrolled in front of him, while each scroll (length) being as far as the eye can see. He (Allah) will ask: Do you deny

KALIMAHTAYYIBAH

22

inJUII

anything (written) here? Have My scribes done any injustice to you? He will say: No, my Rabb. Allah will say: Have you got any excuse for it? He will reply: No, my Rabb. Allah will say: We have with us a good deed of yours, and verily, today no injustice will be done to you. Then a piece of paper will be brought forth written therein will be these words:

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I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

Then Allah will say: Go and have it weighed. He will say: 0 my Rabb, what is (the weight of) this paper as compared to all of these scrolls? Allah will say: Indeed there will be no injustice to you. The scrolls will then be placed in one pan (of the scale) and the piece of paper in the other pan. Thereupon, compared to the weight of the piece of paper, the pan of scrolls will begin to fly. And nothing can outweigh the name of Allah. (Tirrnidhi)

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'''IC/'.I!I))I~,..:;.Jw 47. Abu 'Amrah Al Ansarl Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that I am His Messenger. Any slave (of Allah) who meets Allah with this belief, this Kalimah will keep him away from Fire on the Day of Resurrection. In another narration: Anyone who meets Allah on the day of Judgement testifying these two, (Oneness of Allah and Prophethood of Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam) shall enter Paradise, despite all his sins. (Musnad Ahmad, Tabarani, Majma-tuz-Zawaid)

Note: Commentators in the light of this and similar ahadlth state that such a person will enter into Paradise either his sins being forgiven by the Mercy of Allah or after he has withstood punishment. (Mu'ariful Hadith)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

23

Iman

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If~:~) 48. 'Itban ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Anyone who bears witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that I am His Messenger can never enter Hell or be burnt by its fire. (Muslim)

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t \/\.J~)'I 49. Abu Qatadah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates from his father that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who bears witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and his tongue frequently recites it while his heart is contented with it, the Fire shall not burn him. (Baihaqi)

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50. Mu'adh ibne-Jabal Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Anyone who dies, bearing witness with the certainty of his heart that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and that I am His Messenger, will be forgiven by Allah. (Musnad Ahmad)

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51. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah

KALlMAH TAYYIBAH

lman

24

Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said, while Mu 'adh Radiyallahu 'anhu was riding behind him on the same camel's saddle: 0 Mu 'adh ibneJabal! Mu 'adh replied: Here I am at your service, may you be blessed, 0 Rasiilallah! He again said: 0 Mu'adh! He again replied:

Here I am at your service, may you be blessed, 0 Rasulallah! May you be blessed, this happened thrice, then Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Anyone who bears witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger truthfully from his heart, then Allah will forbid him from the Fire. Mu'adh said: 0 Rasulallahl Should I not inform people that they may rejoice? He replied: Consequently, they will depend on this alone (and give up their good deeds). However, Mu 'adh Radiyallahu 'anhu narrated this hadith, at the time of his death, for fear of the sin (of concealing knowledge). (Bukharl)

Note: Commentators give two explanations to the Ahadith in which Hell (Fire) is forbidden, only on bearing witness of La ildha illalldhu Muhammad-ur-Rasidulldh "There is none worthy of worship except Allih and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah". One is deliverance from eternal Punishment of Hell, i.e. they would not be in Hell forever like unbelievers or polytheists, though they would be in Hell for such time until Punishment for their sins is over. The second meaning is that bearing testimony to La ildha illalldhu Muhammad-ur-Rasidulliin encompasses the whole of Islam. One wh~ testifies to this truly and thoughtfully will indeed mould his life according to the tenets of Islam. (Mazahir Haque)

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'\"v.:~) . 52. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He will be the most blessed by my i·ntercession on the Day of Resurrection who says La iliiha illalldli with all the sincerity of his heart. (Bukhatl)

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53. Rifa'ah AI Juhan! Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: I testify before Allah that any slave of Allah who dies, bearing witness truthfully from his heart that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that I am the Messenger of Allah, and maintains righteous deeds, will certainly enter Paradise. (Musnad Ahmad)

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VY / I 1S"".u1.ui.iIJ)O~ ~~ J~I J:, rJs- ~~~ I.\A :JIi J~~I 54. 'Umar ibnil-Khattab Radiyallahu 'anhu said: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Verily I know a Kalimah, which no slave of Allah says truthfully from his heart, and then dies in that state, except that Allah will surely forbid him from the Fire; that Kalimah is La ilaha illallah. (Mustadrak I:Hikim)

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I vt/ l;.Il'J),~,.J_,A:y.u~))h,J'o')) .4;:.~ I~~I ~)~.k~~);-I) 55. 'Iyyad Al Ansar! Radiyallahu 'anhu ascribes to Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam that he said: Verily La ildha illallali is a Kalimah regarded precious by Allah. It has with Allah a high status. And it is a Kalimah that he who says it truthfully, Allah will send him to Paradise, and he who says it insincerely, it will save his blood (life) and protect his wealth (in this world) but when he will meet Allah on the Day of Judgement, He will take him into account. (Bazzar, Majma- 'uz-Zawaid)

Note: The Kalimah becomes a source of protection for one's life and property even if it is said insincerely. This is because he is apparently a Muslim and as such he will neither be killed nor his property confiscated as is done with a fighting unbeliever.

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"AI I.}o.!J!iOIJ) .~G. ~I "tly'! ZGI ~~; ~t:...1:4i 56. Abu Bakr Siddlq Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu

KALlMAlf TAYYIBAH

26

[man

'alaihi wasallam said: He who bears witness to La ildha illalldh-: there is none worthy' of worship except Allah, with his heart verifying his tongue, shall enter Paradise from any of its doors he wishes. (Abu Ya'la)

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57. Abu Musa Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabl Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Take good news, and give good news to others, that he, who bears witness to La ilaha illallahu= there is none worthy of worship except Allah and is truthful in his testimony thereof, will enter Paradise. (Musnad Ahmad, TabaranT, Majma- 'uz-Zawaid)

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.u;,~~ 58. Abu Darda Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabf Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He will enter Paradise who sincerely bears witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. (Majma-'ul-Bal)rain)

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59. Anas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: When I entered Paradise, I saw on both of its sides three lines written in gold. The first line read: La iliiha illalldhu Muhammad-ur-Rasiilullah (There is none worthy of worship except Allah, Mul)ammad is the Messenger of Allah). The second line read: What we had sent forth, we found (the reward) thereof, and what we had consumed, we benefitted from it, and what

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

27

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we had left behind, was a loss. And the third line read: Sinful Ummah and Ever Forgiving Rabb. (Jami-'u~-SaghTr)

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'\t n':~),Jw.:uI~J'-!~ 60. 'Itban ibne-Malik Al Ansarf Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabr Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Not shalla slave (of Allah) appear on the Day of Resurrection having said La ildha illallah seeking only the pleasure of Allah, except that Allah will forbid the Fire upon him. (BukharT)

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'I"'I"~ /Y .r.>.ilI....a.iI)Jo\;o:- _;>..!~J~\.;..,.,;'\~~....,.. 61. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who departs from the world with. sincere belief in Allah alone Who has no partners, and having established Salat and paid Zakat, departs in such a state that Allah is pleased with him. (Mustadrak Hakim)

Note: Sincere belief means that he was obedient from the core of his heart.

I t V I oJ..o>-i olJ) (~..w\) 62. Abu Dhar Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Indeed, he is successful who has sincerely dedicated his heart to Iman and purified his heart (from polytheism and hypocrisy) and kept his tongue truthful, and made his Nafs, the innerself, satisfied (by the rememberence of Allah), and kept his manners upright, and lent his ears to listening attentively (to the truth) and his eyes observing (with the light of Iman). (Musnad Ahmad)

KAUMAH TAYYIBAH

28

Iman

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63. Jabir ibne-tAbdullah Radiyallahu 'anhuma said: I heard RasulullahSallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He, who meets Allah, not ascribing any partner to Him, enters Paradise. And he, who meets Allah ascribing a partner to Him, enters the Fire. (Muslim)

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11~:~)'J\-JJl..l,UIg,.,J\~ .1GI~'.illI~:';'~~~~!l~ 64. 'Ubadah ibne-Samit Radiyallahu 'anhu said: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He who died not ascribing any partner to Allah, Allah indeed forbids the Fire upon him. ('Amalul Yaumi wal Lailah lin Nasal)

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''\t/'..\J\J)iF''-!..r'4~ o~\.;..,.,lJ~'-JIi'y:kl\o\J) .A5~:J.:...1;.. ~ ~~~ 65. Nawwas ibne-Sam 'an Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that he heard Nabf Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He who dies, not ascribing any partner to Allah, indeed, forgiveness becomes incumbent for him. (Tabarani, Majma- 'uz-Zawaid)

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o~/'(· ~'-JIi'y:kl' 66. Mu 'adh Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam asked: 0 Mu 'adh! Did you hear a sound last night? I replied: No. Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam then said: Verily, an angel came to me from my Rabb, and gave me the good tidings that whoever from my Ummah dies, not ascribing any partner to Allah, will enter Paradise. I said: 0 Rasulallah! Should I not go out to the people and give them these good tidings? Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi

KAllMAH TAYYIBAH

lmiin

29

wasallam replied: Leave them on their own, so that they may compete in righteousness. (Tabaranl)

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Itt :~)" ••• ';"l,...:r'()i~J.,l.ll1 Y4,~0IJ) (C-!..I.>JI) 67. Mu'adh ibne-Jabal Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: 0 Mu'adh! Do you know what is Allah's right upon His slaves and what are the slave's rights upon Allah? I replied: Allah and His Rasul know best. He said: Indeed, Allah's right upon His slaves is that they worship Him, and do not ascribe any partners to Him. And the slave's rights upon Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala is that He will not punish anyone who does not ascribe any partner to Him. (Muslim)

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69. Jarir Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who dies, not ascribing any partner to Allah, and has not shed blood unjustly, will be sent to Paradise, from any of its doors he desires. (Tabarani, Majma- 'uz-Zawaid)

KALIMAH TAYYWMI

30

Belief ill the Unseen

BELIEF IN THE UNSEEN

Believing in Allah twata and in the Unseen Truths, and believing in all that Ras aiuun« Soliallnhu 'alaihi wasallam has presented as a certainty, and rejecting material experiences, human perceptions and mortal pleasures, if they are contrary to what has

been revealed to Rasulullab ~ allalltih u 'alaihi wasallam.

Belief in Allah Ta'ala and His Attributes, His Messenger, and in Predestination.

VERSES OF QUR' AN

(When the Jews and Christians said as our Qiblah and that of the Muslims is the same, how can we .

be punished? Answering these

thoughts) Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala said:

It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards the East or towards the West but the righteousness is this that they believe in Allah and the Last Day,

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

and in the angels, and the Books, and the Prophets; and given their wealth, for love of Him to relatives, the orphans, the needy and the traveller and to those who ask, and to set slaves free and establish Salat and give Zakat, And those who fulfill their oaths (treaty) when they make one, and those who are patient in extreme poverty and illness, and at the time of stress during battle. Such are the truthful and such are the pious.

Al-Baqarah 2:177

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says: o mankind! Remember Allah's favours to you! Is there any Creator other than Allah Who provides for you sustenance from the sky and the earth? None is worthy of worship but He. How then are you turning away (from

Him). Fatir 35: 3

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

The Originator of the heavens and the earth! How can He have a child when He has no wife, and He created all things and is the Knower of all things?

Al-An'am 6:101

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Have you seen the semen that you emit (in the womb of the women)?

31

Beliefin the Unseen

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

Do you create it (transform this semen into a perfect human being), or are We the Creator?

AI- Waqi 'ah 56:58-59

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Have you seen that which you cultivate (sow into the ground)? Is it you who cause it to grow, or are We the Grower?

AI- Waqi 'ah 56:63-64

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'aJa says:

Have you observed the water which you drink?

Is it you who cause it to come down from the rain-clouds, or are We the Causer?

If We willed We could turn it bitter. Why then do you not give thanks?

Have you observed the fire that you kindle?

Is it you who have grown the tree that serves as its fuel, or were We

the Grower? Al-Waqiah 56:68-72

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Indeed, Allah is the One Who splits the seed and the pit (of fruits etc. for sprouting). He brings forth the living from the dead, and the dead from the living. Such is Allah. How then are you turning away?

32

Belief in the Unseen

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KAUMAHTAYYIBAH

He is the Cleaver of the daybreak; and He has appointed the night for resting in tranquility, and the sun and the moon for calculating (time). That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise.

And He is the One Who has set for you the stars that you may be guided by them, in your course in the darkness of the land and the sea. We have explained Our revelations for people who have knowledge.

And He is the One Who has produced you from a single soul, and has given you a place of residing (on the earth) and then an abode (in your graves). We have explained Our revelations for people who have understanding. And He is the One Who sends down water from the sky, with which We bring forth vegetation of every kind and from them We bring forth green blades, from which We bring forth the thickclustered grain; and from the datepalm, from the pollen of which spring lush bunches bending with their weight; and gardens of grapes, and olive, and pomegranate, alike (featured) and unlike. Look at their fruits when they bear fruit and ripen. Indeed, herein verily are signs for those

who believe. Al-An'am 6:95-99

33

Belief ill the Unseen

KALlMAH.TAYYlBAH

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

So praise be to Allah, Sustainer of the heavens, and Sustainer of the earth, the Sustainer of the worlds.

And to Him (Alone) belongs Majesty in the heavens and the earth. And He is the Mighty, the

Wise.

Al-Jathiyah 45: 36-37

Allah Subhanahii wa Ta 'ala said to His Prophet:

Say! 0 Allah! Possessor of Sovereignty! You give Sovereignty to whom You will, and You withdraw Sovereignty from whom You will. You exalt whom You will, and You abase whom You will. In Your Hand is (all) the good. Indeed, You are able to do all things.

You cause the night to pass into the day and You cause the day to pass into night, and You bring forth the living from the dead and the dead from the living, and You give sustenance to whom You choose without limit.

Ale 'Irnran 3:26-27

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

And with Him (Allah) are the keys of the unseen (of which) none but He knows. And He knows what is in the land and in the sea. And there is not a leaf that falls

34

Belief ill the Unseen

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

but that He knows about it, and not a grain (seed) in the darkness of the earth, nor a thing alive (organic), or dry (inorganic) but that (it is noted) in a clear record.

And He is the One Who takes your souls by night (when your are asleep), and has knowledge of all that you have done by day. And He brings you back to life each day that a term appointed (your life period) be fulfilled. And afterward unto Him is your return. Then He will proclaim unto you what you

used to do. AI-An 'am 6:59-60

Allah Subhanahii wa Ta'ala said to His Prophet:

Say: Shall I choose for a protecting friend other than Allah, the Originator of the heavens and the earth, Who feeds and is never fed?

AI-An 'am 6:14

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala says:

. And nothing exists, except that We have treasures of it. And We do not send it down except in an

appointed measure. AI-I:Iijr 15:21

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala says:

Do these hypocrites seek honour, and power at the hands of disbelievers? Verily, then to Allah belongs all honour and power.

An-Nisa 4:139

35

Belief in the Unseen

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KAUMAH TAITIBAH

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

And so many a moving (living)

. creature carry not their own provision. Allah provides for them and for you. He is the Hearer, the

Knower. AI-'Ankabiit29:60

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'aIa said to His Prophet:

Say (to mankind): what do you think, if Allah took away your hearing and your sight and sealed your hearts, Who is there other than Allah Who could restore it for you? See how We display Our revelations to them? Yet still they

. tum away.

Al-An'am 6:46

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala said to His Prophet Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam

Say (to mankind): Have you considered, if Allah made the night unending for you till the Day of Resurrection, is there anyone apart from Allah who could bring you the light? Will you then not hear?

Say (to mankind): Have you considered, if Allah made the day unending for you till the Day of Resurrection, is there anyone apart from Allah who could bring you night wherein you rest? Will you

then not see? AI-Qa~a~ 28: 71-72

36

Beliefin the Unseen

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KALlMAH TAYYlBAH

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

And of His signs are the ships, like (floating) mountains in the sea;

If He wills, He calms the wind so that they keep still upon its surface. Indeed, herein are signs for every patient and grateful (heart).

Or (if He wills), He causes them to perish, on account of that which they have earned and He forgives

much. Ash-Shura 42: 32-34

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

And indeed We had given Dawud grace from Us (by saying): 0 hills Glorify Allah with him! And (0) birds you also. And We made the

iron soft for him. Saba 34: 10

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'jila says: (Because of the mischief of Qariin] We made him sink into the earth with his dwelling. Then he had no group and party to help him other than Allah, nor was he of those who could save himself.

Al-Qasas 28:81

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Then We revealed to Musa (saying)! Strike the sea with your staff. And (as he did this) it

37

Belief in the Unseen

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KALlMAH TAYYlBAH

parted, (causing many through ways) and each part was like a huge mountain. Ash-Shu'ara' 26:63

AlHih Subl)anahii wa Ta'ala says:

And Our ordaining (a thing and its coming into being) is but one act like the twinkling of an eye

Al-Qamar 54:50

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Indeed He (Allah) is the One Alone Who creates and He is the One Alone Whose Orders prevail. Al-A'raf7:54

Allah Subhanahii wa Ta'ala says:

(Every messenger gave the same message to his people; worship Allah) You have none worthy of

worship but Him. Al-A'raf7:59

Allah Subl)anahii wa Ta'ala says:

And if all the trees on the earth were pens, and the seas, with seven more seas to help it (were made ink), even then the words of Allah (describing His wonders, grandeur and majesty) would not be exhausted. Indeed, Allah is

Mighty, Wise. Luqman 31:27

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala said to His Prophet:

Say! Nothing befalls us save that

38

Belief ill the Unseen

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39

Beliefin the Unseen

which Allah has decreed for us. He is our Protector, Lord and Helper; (so there is some good in whatever befalls us), and in Allah let the believers put their trust.

At-Tawbah 9:51

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala says:

If Allah inflicts you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but Him; and if He desires good for you, there is none who can repel His Bounty. He causes it to reach whomsoever He wills of His bondsmen; He is Forgiving, the

Merciful. Yunus 10: 107

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r'_~/I~i 70. lbne-tAbbas Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Jibrail 'Alaihis Salam asked Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam: Tell me what is Iman? Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied: Irnan is that vou believe in Allah and the Last Day, and in the angels, and the-Books, and in the Prophets, and that you believe in death, and life after death, and that you be_lieve in Paradise and Hell, and the Accountability, and the Scale (of deeds), and that you believe in all (aspects of) destiny, its good and its bad. Jibrail 'Alaihissalam said: Then if I do that, have I believed? Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied: If you do

that, you have believed. (Musnad Ahmad) .

KALIMAH TAYYlBAH

40

Belief in the Unseen

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71. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Iman is that you believe in Allah, and His angels, and meeting Him (in the Hereafter), and His Messengers, and that you believe in the Resurrection. (Bukhari)

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III Y / 1..IJ1))i~,,y). 72. 'Umar ibnil-Khattab Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that he heard Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He who dies believing in Allah, ·and the Last Day, it will be said to him: Enter from any of the eight doors of Paradise that you wish. (Musnad Ahmad)

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Y ~1111:~),~).,.I1 ~ )r'.:r )y4 '~.f-~.:r- ~~I.i.A :JIi JIS.l..o yJl 73. 'Abdullah ibne-Mas'Iid Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily in the heart of man, a thought is stirred by Shaitan, and a thought is stirred by an angel. As for the thought stirred by Shaitan, it instigates towards the doing of evil, and falsifying the Truth. And as for the thought stirred by the angel, it urges towards the good, and confirmation of the Truth. So he, who finds in his heart the thought of doing good and affirming the Truth, should know that it is (guidance) from Allah and should praise (and thank) Allah, and he who finds in his heart the other thought (from Shaitan) should seek refuge in Allah from Shaitan the accursed; and then Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam recited this verse from the Qur' an, "Shaitan makes you fear poverty and bids you to commit evil deeds" (Surah Baqarah 2:268) (Tirmidhi)

KALIMAH TAyvlBAH

41

Belief in the Unseen

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'~'I/".w-i 74. Abu Darda' Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Revere Allah (hold Allah in the highest regard, the Exalted, Majestic a-id Glorious), He will forgive you. (Musnad Ahmad)

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'1"VY:~) 75. Abu Dhar Radiyallahu 'anhu, narrates from Nabf Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam in one of Hadith Qudsithat Allah Tabaraka wa Ta'illa has said: 0 My slaves! I have indeed made oppression unlawful upon Myself and have made it unlawful for you, so do not oppress one another. 0 My slaves! All of you are astray, except whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me, I will guide you. 0 My slaves! All of you are hungry except whom I have fed, so seek food from Me, I will feed you. 0 My slaves! An of you are naked, except whom I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me, I will clothe you. 0 My slaves! Verily you commit errors day and night, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me, I will forgive you. 0

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

42

Belief in the Unseen

My slaves! You will not be able to harm Me, and succeed in such a purpose; and neither will you be able to benefit Me and succeed in such a purpose. 0 My slaves! Even if the first and last of you, men and jinn, were as pious as the one with the most pious heart amongst you, that would not cause any increase in My Kingdom. 0 My slaves! Even if the first and last of you, men and jinn were as wicked as the one with the most wicked heart amongst you, that would not cause any decrease in My Kingdom. 0 My slaves! Even if the first and last of you, men and jinn were to stand in one plain and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he asked, that would not decrease of what I possess even to the extent of the water which a needle when dipped into the sea C '0 take out from it. 0 My slaves! They are only your deeds which 1 pnt to your account and then pay you in full for them, so he who finds (therein) good, should praise Allah, and he who finds otherwise should undoubtedly blame no one but himself, alone. (Muslim)

~~ ~~~IJ~)~~~ :J~~'1»I:.if)Z>?~I~j:.~J:; -Y,\ fu,~~~~~,~~j 1:.: ~1~,~~~I~~~j~~~J.;:.j~'1»lt~ :J~ *="j~~cJ;)~d~:<S'jJ)JJI~~'fulp~~~I~j,~~,p~

H":~)"" '~4'i.ijll':>1 :~~I~..J}.iy~,~OI)). ~~Q~~t~l\:A 76. Abu Musa Al Ash'ari narrates that Rasillullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam stood amongst us and made five statements: 1. Verily Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala does not sleep, nor He seeks to sleep. 2. He lowers the scale (of sustenance) and raises it. 3. The deeds of the night are lifted up to Him before the deeds of the day. 4. And the deeds of the day before the deeds of the night. 5. His veil is Light (between Him and His creation). If He were to raise it, the sublime splendour of His Face would set ablaze all His creation where His glance reaches. (Muslim)

Note: The verses and ahadith in which the faces, eyes, hands or other physical traits of Allah are mentioned, are allegorical. Their meaning is beyond human comprehension.

KAUMAH TAYYIBAH

43

Belie/in the Unseen

1" I/t .JI..JJI~O~JIS# UI~1..A.o .:';Pdt ~ j~ 77. Ibne- 'Abbas Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily Allah Ta'ala has created Israfil 'Alaihis Salam. From the day he was created he has been keeping both his feet in line, not raising his eyes. There are seventy (veils of light) between him and the Sustainer, Blessed and Exalted. If he were to come near any of those (veils of light), he would be set ablaze. (Masablh-hus-Sunnah)

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1"./t .JI..JJI~O~JIS#UI~1..A.o .~p~ 78. Zurarah ibne-Awfa Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Raslilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam asked Jibrail 'Alaihis Salam: Have you seen your Rabb (Sustainer)? Jibrall 'Alaihis Salam trembled and replied: 0 Muhammad! Indeed between me and Him are seventy veils of light, if I were to come close to any of them, I would be burnt. (Masablh-hus-Sunnah)

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t '\At :~) .. WI~~ f.JI5J.u}Y~'IS)t.:..,JI 79. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu reported from Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam narrating in a Hadith Qudsi that Allah :Azza wa Jall said: Spend, (0 man), I shall spend on you. And then Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The Hand (treasures) of Allah is full' and spending day and night continuously does not effect its fullness. And he said: Do you see, what He spent since He created the sky and the earth? And His 'Arsh (Throne) was over the waters. Indeed this has not decreased that which is in His Hand? In His Hand is the Scale (of justice), whereby he raises and lowers (people). (Bukhari)

KAUMAH TAYYIBAH

44

Belie/in the Unseen

..>~j '~~I~y.JPj~I~I~ :J~ $~I~~'.iilI&f)~;.~~J~ -A. ""W1clloJw.i»1 J}y~ '1S)t.:..,JI olJ) \.,Pj~I!l~ j ',"I!JIlJI :J~~ ~::~:~s.~1

V1"A,(:~) 80. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu reports that Nabi Sallallahu' 'alaihi wasallamin a Hadith Qudsi narrated: Allah shall seize the earth on the Day of Resurrection, and fold the sky. in His right hand, then He will say: I am the King. Where are the kings of the earth? (Bukhari)

Note: The attribute of seizing the earth, folding the sky, the Hand of Allah, and the like are all Truth, the reality of which is beyond our grasp as it does not have any resemblance with the attributes of creation. Allah has no resemblence to His creation; neither in His Entity, nor in His Attributes, but in words alone. Allah and His Attributes are far above the comprehension of any of His creation.

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'(1" I Y :~)" ••• .J _,...w Y ~~I J}.J.~ \.oy~,~.f'.:r-""..!...t~ I..\A :J\i JIS.l..a y:ll 81. Abu Dhar Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily I see what you do not see, arid I hear what you do not hear. The sky creaks (with the Greatness and Magnificence of Allah), and it is its right to creak! There is not, therein, the space of four fingers, but that an angel is lowering its forehead in prostration to Allah. By Allah! If you knew what I know, you would have laughed little and wept much, and you would not have taken pleasure from your wives in beds, and you would have gone out to the tops of the lofty heights, supplicating fervently to Allah. Indeed, I wish that I were .(but) a plant to be plucked (from the earth)! (Tirmidhl)

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KALlMAH TAYYIBAH

45

Belief ill the Unseen

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1"0. V:~)" ••• .&I.~i.}..:..;,...,.. yl.!''-:--!..f' ":";'''''''I~ :Jli J..s.Lo_.:J1 01)) 82. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily there are ninety-nine names ~f Allah; one hundred less one, he who memorizes them enters Paradise. He is Allah besides Whom there is none worthy of worship, He is:

~:,JI ~:,JI ~I ':"J~I ~~I

Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahtm AI-Malik Al-Quddus As-Saliim

The Compassionate The Most Merciful The King

The Most Holy

The Granter of peace and Free of all Blemishes

The Granter of safety and security The Guardian of all things

. The Mighty

The Overpowering

The Greatest in Majesty The Creator

The One Who brings creation into being

The One Who designs and gives shape to the creation

~jjl ::'~:6 ;h y-';Ail j~1 ~I j1WI lsAI

AI-Mu'min Al-Muhaimin AI-'Azfz AI-Jabbar Al-Mutakabbir AI-Khiiliq AI-BarT

Al-Musawwir

KALIMAHTAYYIBAH 46 Belief ill the Unseen
j~1 Al-Ghaffiir The Continually Forgiving
)~I AI-Qahhilr The Most Dominant
Y~)I AI-Wahhab The Most Generous Bestower
JI):,JI Ar-Razzaq The Provider
t:.~1 AI- F attii!:t The Opener to the way to victory
And mercy
~I AI-'AITm The All Knowing
~.Ui, Al-Qabifl The Withholder of sustenance and
life
~L;il AI-Basi( The Plentiful Giver
~WI Al-Khaftfl The Abaser
~IJI AI-Raft' The Exalter
~\ Al-Mu'i; The Giver of honour and dignity
~~I Al-Mudhil The Giver of disgrace
~:~~ Ii As-Same The All Hearing
~I AI-Ba,sTr The All Seeing
~I Al-Hakam The Indisputable Judge
J~I AI-'Adl The Just
.:..o:.J:ol11 Al-La(if The Most Gracious
r.?-il AI-Khabfr The All Aware
~I AI-l/alTm The Clement
~I AI-'A.zTm The Incomparably Great
,_. AI-Ghafur The All Forgiving
jj.W1
jj$:iJ1 Ash-Shakur The Grateful Rewarder and
Recompenser
~I AI-'AUyyu The Most High
pSjl AI-KabTr The Most Great
~I AI-l/afiZ The Protector
,: :~~il Al-Muqit The Sustainer and Controller of all
Things
~I AI-l/asTb The Reckoner
~I Al-Jalil The Majestic
, '_.$jl AI-KarTm The Generous and Benevolent
!"'! The Watcher of all things
~:,JI Ar-Raqib
.:...:.,...jl AI-MujTb The Answerer and Responder
... ;, The Vast in His Knowledge and
~I)I AI-W{lse
Goodness
~jl AI-IJakull The Most Wise KALIMAH !AYYIBAH 47 Belie} in the Unseen
~j~JiI AI-Wadiid The Most Loving
~I AI-Majid The Glorious and Exalted
"'
41;i1 Al-Bii'ith The Resurrector of the dead
'.:+:;." Ash-Shahtd The Witness
~I Al-lfaq The Absolute True in His Being and
Attributes
~Jil AI-Wakil The Trustee
.:s~1 Al-Qawt The Most Powerful
~I Al-Mattn The Most Firm
~Jil AI-Wall The Loving Patron and Supporter
¥I Al-Hamtd The Praiseworthy
~I AI-Mul)fjl The All-Knowing
is~1 AI-Mubdi'u The Originator of Creation
~I AI-Mu'ld The Recreator of Creation
",
~I AI-Mul)yl The Giver of Life
~I AI-Mumil The Giver of Death
-;
~I Al-lJayy The ever Living
~~I AI-Qayyiim The Eternal Sustainer
~IJiI AI-Wiljid The Self-Sufficient
~LJI AI-Majid The Grand'
~IJii Al-Will)id The One
~~I AI-AI}ad The Single
~I As-Samad The One Who Depends on none and
)~WI all others depend on Him
Al-Qiidir The Most Powerfully Able
)~I Al-Muqtadir The Prevailing
~WI Al-Muqaddim The Advancer
'}-~I Al-Muakhkhir The Delayer
JJ~I AI-Awwal The First
~~I AI-'Akhir The Last
~&.JI Az-Zilhir The Manifest
~l;il AI-Bii{in The Hidden
JIJiI AI-WillI The Governor
J~I AI-Muta'illl The Sublime
).1 Al-Barr The Amply Beneficent
yl;'1 At-Tawwiib The Acceptor of Repentance
j.f;i, AI-Muntaqim The Avenger
" .
jAAJl AI-'Afwu The Pardoner KALIMAH !AYYIBAH

48

Belie/in the Unseen

.Jjj~1 Ar-Raiif
.;lW1~~ Millik ul Mulk
J'.lWIJ~ Dhul Jalilli wal
rl}'1lJ Ikram
~I AI-Muqsi!
~~I AI-Jilmi'
~I AI-GhanI
~I AI-Mughnl
~WI AI-Milni'u
~11J1 Atj-l)ilrru
~81 An-Nafi'
'? An-Niir
s : 1
.s~~1 .4/-Hiidl
, ·..dl AI-Badl'
t}, .
~ql AI-Bilql
.!. )IJiI AI-Wilrith
~JI Ar-Rashid
j_?J1 As-Sabtu' The Benevolent, Sympathetic The Ruler of the Kingdom The Sustainer of Majesty and Splendour

The Most Equitable The Gatherer

The Self-Sufficient, Independent The Granter of Wealth and Sufficiency

The Depri ver

The Afflicter of Harm The Granter of Benefits The Light

The Guide

The First Causer and Creator The Enduring

The Inheritor

The Perfect Director The Most Forbearing

Note: Allah Subhanahii wa Ta'iHa has many names as mentioned in the Qur' an and Ahadith, Of them, ninety nine are in this hadith. (Mazahir -e- Haque)

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,,.t/o..w-ioIJ) .~~I 83. Ubayy ibne-K'ab Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that once the Mushrikin (polytheists) said to Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam: 0 Muhammad! What is the lineage of your Rabb? Thereupon Allah Subhanahil wa Ta'ala, sent down (Silrah Ikhlas): "Say (0 Muhammad)! He is Allah, The One. Allah, the Self-Sufficient upon Whom all depend. He does not give birth, nor was He born, and there is none comparable to Him". (Musnad Ahmad)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

49

Belie/in the Unseen

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two:~)'~I..'iII.u}"""4';.S)~10IJ) .~t I~:) 84. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu reported that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam narrated in a Hadlth Qudsi that Allah SUbbanahii wa Ta 'ala said: The son of Ada·m belies Me and it was not right for him to do so. And he has abused Me, although it was not right for him to do so. He accuses Me of lying by saying that I shall never resurrect him, as I had originally created him; and he abuses Me by saying that Allah has taken a son, while I am the SelfSufficient upon Whom all depend, neither have I been born, nor has anyone been born (to Me), and none can be compared to Me. (Bukhari)

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vo:~),~l..4.JI~~,~jl~J!ioIJ) .~~I 85. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: People will not cease to ask amongst themselves (about Allah), until (they cross all bounds) and say: Allah created creation, but who (then) created Allah? When they say such a thing, say to them:

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Allah is One, Allah is the Self-Sufficient upon Whom all depend, He did not give birth, nor was He given birth to, and there is none like (comparable to) Him.

Then spit lightly on your left side three times and seek refuge (in Allah) from Shaitan the accursed. (Abu Dawud, Mishkat-ul-Masablh)

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

50

Belie/in the Unseen

86. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu reports that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam in a Hadith Qudsi narrates that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'alii has said: The son of Adam hurts Me by abusing Time (era), whereas I am Time (era). Authority of all affairs is in My Hand and I alternate the night and the day. (Bukharl)

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. Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: No one is more patient over injurious words which he hears than Allah! Men (the Mu~hrikfn) attribute a son to Him, yet He keeps them in a state of well being and provides for them! (Bukharl)

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'\~'\~:~) 88. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu reported that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihl wasallam in a Hadith Qudsi said: When Allah had created the creation, He wrote in His Book which is with Him above the Throne:

Indeed My Mercy prevails over My Anger. (Muslim)

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'\~V~:~)'" •• JW..'ilI"-)4A...J"""4'~ 89. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily if the believer were to know what punishments Allah has (for the transgressors), none would have any hope left for His Paradise, and if the disbel~ever were. to kno~ of the Mercy of Allah, none would have despaired of HIS Paradise . (Muslim)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

51

Belie/in the Unseen

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'I"VV:~) .~~I~~~~~I~y'~\S'I~~ :~~IJ).}J 90. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab) Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily Allah has one hundred Mercies. He has sent down from these one Mercy among the jinn, men, animals, and creeping insects. By it, they (all) show kindness to one another, and by it, they show mercy to one another, and by it, a beast shows kindness to its young; and Allah has withheld ninety-nine Mercies which He will grant to His slaves on the Day of Resurrection. (Muslim)

And in another version of Muslim: When it will be the Day of Resurrection, He will complete them with this Mercy (and that is, He will bestow upon His slaves the complete one hundred Mercies). (Muslim)

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91. 'Umar ibnil-Khattab Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that some prisoners (of war) were brought before Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, and a woman from amongst the prisoners was searching (for her child). Upon finding the infant among the prisoners, she took him, placed him with her body and began nursing him. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said to us: Do you think this woman can cast her son into the fire? We replied: No, by Allah, so long as she is in a position not to cast him. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Indeed, Allah is more Merciful to His slaves than this woman is to her son! '(Muslim)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

52

Belie/in the Unseen

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'I.'. :~),~~IJ ...... WI~)Y4'''')l>'Y10IJ) .~Ii:.;..)~;~lj~~ ~ :&:.I)-~ 92. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrated that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam stood up for Salat, and we, too, stood up ~ith him. A villager, while he was engaged in Salat, supplicated loudly: 0 Allah! Bestow Mercy on me and Muhammad and do not bestow Mercy on anyone besides us! When Nab) Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam (completed Salat and) offered Salam, he said to the villager: Undoubtedly you have confined a very vast thing, meaning Allah's Mercy. (Bukhari)

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't""'1:~)" ••• 0~'jlyy.-JY4,~0IJ) .}JI '-f~~JIS' 93. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: By the One in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, anyone from mankind, Jew or Christian, who hears of me and then dies without believing in that with which I have been sent, will certainly be among those who go to Hell. (Muslim)

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Vy",:~)"..'iiIJ"...)~ 94. Jabir ibne-vAbdullah Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that some angels came to Nab) Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam while he was

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

53

Belief in the Unseen

sleeping. Some of them said: Verily he is sleeping. And others said:

Verily, his eyes are sleeping but his heart is awake. Then they said:

Undoubtedly, there is an example for this companion of yours. One of them said: Then set forth an example for him. Some of them said:

He is sleeping. The others said: His eyes are sleeping, but his heart is awake. Then they said: His example is that of a man who has built a house and offered therein a feast and sent an invitor. So, whoever accepted the invitation, entered the house, and ate of the feast. And whoever did not accept the invitation did not enter the house, nor did he eat of the feast. Then the angels said: Interpret this (example) to him so that he may understand it. Some of them said: He is sleeping, the others said: Verily, his eyes are sleeping, but his heart is awake! Then they said: The house stands for Paradise, the invitor is Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam; whoever obeys Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, obeys Allah and whoever disobeys Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, disobeys Allah. And Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam has distinguished the people (that is, through his message the good is distinguished from bad and the believers from the unbelievers). (Bukharl)

Note: The sleepi ng of the prophets 'Alaihimus Salam is different from that of common people. A man during sleep becomes unaware of his surroundings and happenings; whereas this is not the case with prophets. Their sleep relates only to their eyes, whereas their hearts continue to be devoted to Allah Subhanahil wa Ta 'ala. (Bazlul Majhud)

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95. Abu Musa Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabl Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Indeed my example and the example of what Allah has sent with me, is that of a man who came to some people and said: 0 my people! Verily r have seen the (enemy's) army with my own eyes, and indeed I am a sincere Warner, so protect yourself! So, a group of his people obeyed him; and left at night proceeding

KALlMAH TAYYIBAH

54

Beliefin the Unseen

out stealthily till they were safe. While another group of them disbelieved him and stayed at their place till the morning. So, the army attacked them at dawn,destroying and annihilating them. Hence, this is the .example of the one who obeys me and follows what I have come with (Qur'an and Sunnah), and the example of the one, who disobeys me and disbelieves in the Truth which I have come with. (BukharI)

Note: Traditionally, Arabs attacked at dawn. Those who wished to avoid this danger, travelled in the early part of the night.

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96. 'Abdullah ibne-Thabit Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that 'Umar ibnil-Khattab came to Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and said: 0 Rasiilallah! Indeed, I passed by a brother of mine from (the tribe of) Quraizah; so he wrote me some comprehensive (passages) from the Torah. Should I not show them to you? ('Abdullah) said:

Thereupon, the face of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam changed colour. 'Abdullah ibne-Thabit then said: So I said to Umar:

Do you not see the expression (of anger) on the face of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam? 'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhu (realizing his mistake hastily) said:

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We are pleased with Allah Ta'ala as our Rabb and with Islam as our Religion and with Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam as His Messenger.

'Abdullah said: At that the anger of Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam subsided, and he said: By the One in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, if Musa were to appear among you, and then you followed him, and forsook me, you would indeed go astray. Verily you are my share from amongst the nations, and I am your share

KALlMAH TAYYIBAH

55

Beliefin the Unseen

from amongst the prophets (your success thus lies in following me) (Musnad Ahmad) . .

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l"'\t...,..~I)~#It"'\::-,~~L;.....\!~ly\:S" 98. 'Abdullah ibne-'Amr Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: None of you would attain perf~ction in Iman, until his desires are made subject to that (Deen) which I have brought. (Sharh-hus-Sunnah Iii Baghawf Jami 'ul-

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Y '\ V II:~), •••• '-'-l4..l.;.~1 99. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu '~laihi wasalla~ said to me: Sonny! . If you can keep your , heart, mornmg and evening, devoid of deceit and ill-will towards anyo~e, then do so. Th~n he said to me: Sonny! And this is my Sunnah, and he, who revives my Sunnah, has indeed loved me; and he who loves me will be with me in Paradise. (Tirmidhi)

KALlMAH TAYYIBAH

56

Belief ill the Unseen

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~·'1l":~)'C\5:..J1 100. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that a group of three (men) came to the houses of the wives of Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam asking about the worship of Allah by Nab)" Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. So when they were informed, it seemed less (than their expectation). They said: Where are we, compared to Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam when Allah has forgiven his past and future sins. So one of them said: As for me, I will offer Salat throughout the night forever, and another said: I will fast forever and I will not break my fast. And another said: I will forsake women, never to marry. Then Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam came to them and said: Are you the ones who have said such and such? Behold. By Allah! Indeed I am the one who fears Allah most amongst you, and the most pious amongst you. Yet (in spite of that) I fast, and break fast, and offer Salat and I sleep (at night) and I marry . women, so whoever turns away from my Sunnah is not from me! (Bukharl)

II. /,~ _rll ,4! ....... ~~ ~L;.....\!.;I_"klloIJ) . ~I~~, J-\ 101. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab)" Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who holds fast to my Sunnah during the. time of corruption in my Ummah, for him is the reward of a Martyr. (Tabarani, TarghIb)

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V. Y..f' ).till 102. Malik ibne-Anas Rahimahullah reports that a saying of

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Rasulullah $allalHihu 'alaihi wasallam had reached him in which he said.I have left with you two things; and you shall never go astray as along as you hold fast to them: the Book of Allah, and the Sunnah of His Prophet. (Muatta Imam Malik)

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103. 'Irbad ibne-Sariyah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that one day Rasulullah $allallahu 'alaihi wasallam after the morning Salat, gave us a profound heart rending sermon, causing the eyes to flow and the hearts to tremble. So a man said: Indeed this is a sermon of one bidding farewell! So what do you enjoin upon us, 0 Rasulallah? He replied: I enjoin you with Allah's Taqwii (fear and obedience) and to hear and obey those in authority, even if he be an Abyssinian slave! For verily whoever lives among you, shall see many disagreements. And I warn you to beware of innovations in Deen, for verily they are misguidance. So whoever among you sees those times, he must adhere steadfastly to my Sunnah, and the Sunnah of my rightly guided Khulafa (successors). (TirmidhT)

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"tVY:~)" ••• ........-jJl~t.:-I"'l.J"U...,.,~,~OIJ) .~~1 104. 'Abdullah ibne- 'Abbas Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saw a gold ring on the hand of a man; so he removed it and threw it away and said: How does anyone of you want to place a burning coal in his hand? It was said

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to the man, after Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam had left:

Take your ring and benefit thereby. He replied: No! By Allah, I wi~l never take it, as Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam had thrown It away. (Muslim)

Note: It is forbidden for men to wear golden ornaments.

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105. Zainab Radiyallahu 'anha narrates: I called upon Umme Habibah Radiyallahu 'anha, the wife of Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, when her father Abu Sufyan ibne-Harb had passed away. Umme Habfbah asked for a perfume, containing some yellow substance Khaliiq or something else. She applied some of it on a maid, then, rubbed the two sides of her own face (with it) and then said: By Allah! I have no need for fra~rance. but that I. h~ard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saymg: It IS not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn over a deceased for more than three days, except over a husband, which is for four months and ten days. (Bukhari)

Note: Khaliiq is a type of combined fragrance of which saffron is a major ingredient.

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'\ W, :~)'" •• .i»I~..,.-JI""'js...,.,~,..,)I>'.,lIOIJ) .c ::;"I~~.::...il :J~ '~~)J'~l 1·06. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'a~hu narrates that indeed a man asked Nabl Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam: When would be the Last Hour 0 Rasuilallah? Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied:

What have you prepared for it? He replied: I have not prepared for .it with much of Salat, nor Saum, nor Sadaqah; but I love Allah and HIS Messenger. H~ said: (On the day of Resurrection) You will be with those whom you loved (in this world). (Bukhari)

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~t !~I J~)~ : J~ ~ &fJ1 Jt~) ~I,,:- :.:.J~ ~}.lI1 ~) i.:4~:; -, . V :JD '~~J ~ Jt ~~ ~t J ,~~ J ~t ~ Jt ~~ ~D <$'~ ~; ~ Jt ~~ -= .. L~ ,.!,G'oA' ,." ..:.,' <-1111' ,cl:JI' ~;~ '·T ~' } , (I,j ~}<-1~ ,. "II j j '.~~

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'I 'r Iv ..\)IJ)I ~Ui y") <.S..I.oIAlIUlyo$ "".'»1001.,>- _,.,&. ~I ... ·'-':' )-')\.o:")J.k.... )'11) ~I J .}I_r.hll 107. 'A'ishah Radiyallahu 'anha narrates that a man came to NabI Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallarri and said: a Rasulallah! You are more beloved to me than myself, and more beloved to me than my wife and wealth, and more beloved to me than my children. Indeed when I am in my house and I think of you, I lose my patience until I visit and see you. When I remember that you and I are going to die. I know that as you enter Paradise you would be elevated along with the prophets, and if I enter Paradise, I fear that I may not see you. Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam did not reply to him until Jibrail 'Alaihis Salam came with the following verse:

~(~~Jr ','·'.i.:all' '. '~~tl '. ~ '...;I~}.lII' ':; '. ,.ul" ~ ~ J' ') ;'r ,> 1 .t..: '." , J ~ J ~ ,:r ~ ~ tY-, c:' ' J J""l.J' J 41 c;::-:.,:r J

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He who obeys Allah and His Messenger, they are (will be) among those upon whom Allah has bestowed a special bountiful favour (reward); as they will be in the company of

the Prophets, the $iddTqTn, the Martyrs, and the Righteous.

(Tabaranj, Majma- 'uz-Zawaid) Note: Siddiq means the one who has a surpassing degree of strength of [man and Yaqin.

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V'tO:~)ii!\\.r.l14d)Jy.~Y4'~~I)) '~~J~~~T)jJ;;~gy"~~;;';~ 108. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that indeed Rasillullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: From amongst those people of my Ummah who intensely love me will be some who will

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come after me. Each one of them would desire, that he could see me, even in exchange for (sacrifying) his family and wealth! (Muslim)

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, ''IV:~) 109. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that indeed Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: I have been given superiority over the rest of the prophets in six respects: I have been given words which are concise but comprehensive in meaning; I have been helped by fear (in the hearts of enemies); and captured enemy assets have been made lawful tome; the earth has been made for me a place of worship and ceremonially pure; I have been sent to the entire mankind; and the line of prophets ended on me. (Muslim)

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t 'i\ly~.uI.w'J)~\.o:".J"'-l 110. 'Irbad ibne-Sariyah Radiyallahu 'anhu, the companion of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam narrates: I heard Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Verily I am the slave of Allah and the seal of prophets. (Mustadrak Hakim)

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'r o'ro:~ )<.:,-:l11'"10'- y4 ,<.S)b'..,ll Ill. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Indeed my example and the example of the preceding prophets is that of a man who built a house, and perfected and beautified it, but left a place for one brick in a corner. Now, people move around the house and marvel at its

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beauty but also say: Why a brick was not placed in this corner? Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: I am that brick; and I am the seal of the prophets. (Bukhari)

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112.lbne-'Abbas Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates: I was (riding) behind Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam one day; when, he said to me: 0 lad! Indeed, I will teach you (some) words of wisdom: Guard the Commandments of Allah, He will guard you! Guard the Commandments of Allah, you will find Him before you (Allah will help you). If you ask, ask from Allah alone, and when you seek help, seek help from Allah alone, and believe that if the entire mankind gathered to benefit you by anything, they cannot benefit you except by that which Allah has written for you! And if they gathered to harm you with anything, they can not harm you except by that which Allah has written for you. The pens of destiny have been lifted, and the (ink of the) scrolls has dried! (Tirmidhi)

Note: The decision of destiny can never be changed.

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t • t /V.I!IJ.}I ~ ,L )'jI.}-.slI_.,kJ1 01))) ,..:..Lil,uu:- ))-.slI_.,kJI) 113. Abu Darda' Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said:. For everything there is a reality; and no slave of Allah can reach the reality of Iman until he believes that which had befallen him, could not have missed him; and what had missed him, could not have befallen him. (Musnad Ahmad, Tabarant, Majma- 'uzZawaid)

Note: One must believe that whatever befalls him is predestined from Allah, and he does not know what good is hidden in it for him.

I

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Belief in destiny guards one's Iman and is a protection from the promptings of Shaitan.

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""Vtll:~)'~J~..liI';"'';'Y'HJTI:~Y4'~0IJ) .~LJIJs. 114. 'Abdullah ibne-' Amr ibnil-' A~ Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Allah had written the destiny of the entire creation fifty thousand years before he created the skies and the earth. He said: And at that time His Throne was upon the water. (Muslim)

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I"v/o-'-io'J).~j~J~)lJ~J~!~J~I~ :~~~~~ 115. Abu Darda Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Raslilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Indeed, Allah 'Azza wa JaIl has decided five things for every slave; his time of death, his deeds (good or evil), his burial place, his age and his sustenance. (Musnad Ahmad)

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116. 'Abdullah ibne-'Amr Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Nabf Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: No person is a true believer until he believes that destiny, good and bad, is from Allah. (Musnad Ahmad)

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Y I t o:~), •••• )..I.iJ4.JL..!'jI.Ji.U:-LoY4,.s..L. .rJIOIJ) . ~~~~~J 'Sol JJI 117. 'AlI Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: No slave of Allah is a true believer, until he believes in four things: 1. He bears witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah; and He has sent me with the Truth. 2. He believes in death. 3. He

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believes in the Resurrection after death, and 4. He believes in destiny. (Tirmidhf)

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tv •• :~),)..LaJI.)Y4,~jl~y.iol)) .~~ I~ ';Js.~(.~ :Jjit ~~I 118. Abu Hafsah Rahimahullah narrates that 'Ubadah ibne-Sarnit ~dvised his son: Sonny! Indeed you can never taste the reality of Iman (faith) until you believe that what befalls you could not have missed you, and what missed you could not have befallen you. I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam narrating in a Hadith Qudsi: Verily the first (thing) that Allah Ta'ala created was the pen, then He ordered: Write! It (the pen) asked: My Rabb, what shall I write? He Commanded: Write down the destiny of everything that is to take place until the Day of Judgement. Sonny! Indeed, I heard Rastilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He who dies upon belief other than this, is not from me. (Abu Dawud)

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'\~~~:~),)..LaJ1 119. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Allah has Pl;1t an angel incharge at the womb of the mother. So the angel proclaims: 0 my Rabb! It is now a drop of sperm (fertilized ovum); 0 my Rabb! It is now something that clings. 0 my Rabb! It is now a piece of flesh. When Allah wills to complete its creation; the angel asks: 0 my Rabb! What shall I write about it, male or female? Whether wretched (evil doer) or blessed (doer of good)? How much will be its provisions? Then, what will be its age? So, all that is written while it is still in the mother's womb. (Bukhart)

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t~j '~~I~~~I;.JI~t~:~t»IJ~)J~ :J~~'~I~)~f~ -,,,. 1.Lo :JIi).>.\.._rlIOI)) .1.;..:J1 ili 4:-~j ~yl ili~)~~L~~' (._jj ~l'~r~'

~ r~ '\ :~) «')\.,JI ~ ~I.).IT,\.oY4 ''-rl.f..J-'''<!...t.l?- 120. Anas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily, the magnitude of the reward is proportionate to the magnitude of the affliction. And indeed when Allah loves people He afflicts them, and those who accept it gladly receive Allah's pleasure, but those who are displeased receive Allah's displeasure. (Tirmidhl.Tbn'rnajah)

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rt Vt :~)'.l,,./~I <!...t~\?-iyl5 ,.» ... ,)101)) ,~, ji 121. 'A'ishah Radiyallahu 'anha, the wife of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, narrates: I asked Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam about the plague. So he informed me that it is a punishment (that) Allah sends upon whom He wills; and verily,

. Allah has made it a source of mercy for the believers. Anyone who remains in his place patiently, at the time of an epidemic of plague, anticipating (reward from Allah), believing that nothing shall befall him but what Allah has written for him, then (by destiny, if he is afflicted by plague there) will be the reward of a martyr for him. (Regardless whether he dies or not because of the plague). (BukharT) Note: Another hadith clarifies the order of the Shari'ah, that if plague breaks out in a region, whoever happens to be there should not leave, and who is outside that locality should not enter. Therefore, this hadith grants solace for the one who stays patiently in the locality of the plague. Plague is considered a communicable disease in which lymph nodes enlarge mainly in the neck, armpit or groins. The patient generally dies on the second or third day. (Fatl)ulBari)

Some scholars have termed every epidemic disease as plague. (Takmilah Fathul Mulhim)

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?~~~~L:j~IG(j ~~IJ~j~~ :J~~'1»I~)~f~ _, ""

o _.. ,:.: _, 0 J. .... ........ 0 -; 0 '" ... 0 ... _...... I . J!.... I""

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"V/tul.....>JI0"~~J<iJA,UWI~L..o..o ."IS'~~~ 122. Anas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I served Rasulullah SallalHlhu 'alaihi wasallam for a period of ten years from the age 'of eight. During this period, he never scolded me for any loss that took place at my hands. And if anyone of his family scolded me, he would say:

Leave him, for indeed, if a thing was destined, it had to happeri.

(Masablh-hus-Sunnah) .

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W"I:~)')~.~JS'Y4,~~IJ) .~lj~1 123. 'Abdullah ibne-'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Every thing is destined, even mental weakness and intelligence. (Muslim)

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WVt:~)" •• ·).uJ4u\.o.;~IY4'~~IJ) .~lk~JI~~ 124. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: A believer who is strong is better and more beloved to Allah than the one who is weak, although both bear goodness. Aspire for what benefits you, and seek help from Allah; and do not give up. And ifany adversity befalls you, do not say if I had done this or that, it would have resulted in such and.such, But say, Allah so destined and did it as He desired. For verily (the word) "if' opens the way for the work of Shaitan. (Muslim)

Note: For a man to say that "if I had done this or that it would have resulted in such and such" is forbidden when it is used in the context of negating destiny; and to say that destiny is nothing but relying solely on one's planning and efforts is a situation in which Shaitan

gets the opportunity to remove his belief in destiny. .

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J..- J" ]AJ~W4l~) :~IJ\i,I". ";1 t -iJA.,llW1c.r- (~..w10" 125. 'Abdullah ibne-Mas'Iid Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihiwasallam said: Behold! Indeed, the 'Trusted Spirit' Jibrail 'Alaihis Salam inspired in my heart that undoubtedly no one shall die until he has consumed in full his allotted sustenance. So fear Allah, and in your quest for sustenance, be dignified and upright. The delay in your sustenance should not lead you into seeking it by forbidden means. For undoubtedly that which is with Allah, can only be obtained by His obedience, (Sharh us Sunnah Iii Bagawi)

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1"'1"v:~) 126. 'Awf ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam gave a decision between two men, And that the one against whom the decision had been given, turned away

and said: J.;f~';..A!J ~, ~ (Allah is sufficient for me, and what an excellent Disposer of affairs is He). Thereupon Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam remarked: Allah Ta 'ala condemns inadequate efforts. Therefore, carry out your affairs diligently and intelligently. However inspite of this, if a matter overpowers you then say: ~~';..A!J~' ~ (Allah is sufficient for me and what an excellent Disposer of affairs is He). (Abu Dawud)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

67

Beliefin the Hereafter

BELIEF IN THE HEREAFTER

VERSES OF QUR' AN

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says: o mankind! Fear your Sustainer. Indeed! The tremor of the Hour (of Doom) is a tremendous thing.

On the day when you see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursing, and every pregnant one will abort her burden (foetus) out of fear; and you will see mankind as drunken; yet, they will not be drunk, but indeed punishment of Allah is severe (because of which , they will appear drunken).

AI-Hajj 22: 1-2

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says: (On the Day of Resurrection) And no close friend will ask a friend (about his condition).

Though they shall be made to see one an another. The guilty man will long to be able to ransom himself from the Punishment of that Day at the price of his children,

And his spouse, and his brother,

And his kinsfolk whoever sheltered him

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

And all that the earth contains; so that it might save him. But never!

AI-Ma'arij 70: 10-15

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala says:

And think not that Allah is unaware of what the wicked do.

o He ,is only giving them a respite till a day, when eyes will stare (in terror),

As they come hurrying on in fear, their heads upraised, their gaze not

o returning (back) to them, and their hearts empty (of any hope of betterment because of the circumstances of extreme fear on the day of judgement).

Ibrahlm 14: 42-43

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

The weighing (in the Balance) on that Day is true. As for those whose scale is heavy, they are those who .are the successful.

And as for those whose scale is light, they are those who will lose their own selves (by entering Hell) by denying our revelations.

AI-A'raD: &-9

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Gardens of Eden! They (who have done good deeds) will enter them wearing armlets of gold and pearls

68

Belief in the Hereafter

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and their raiment (clothes) therein is silk.

And they say: Praise is to Allah who has put away grief from us. Indeed! Our Sustainer is Forgiving, Bountiful;

Who, of His grace, has given us abode in the mansion of eternity, where no toil touches us, nor can weariness affect us. Fatir 35: 33-35

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Indeed! Those who feared (Allah) . will be in a place secure.

Amid gardens and springs.

Attired in silk and silk embroidery, facing one another.

And so it will be. And We shall wed them to fair maidens with wide lovely eyes.

They call therein for every variety of fruit, in safety.

They taste not death therein, save the first death. And He has saved them from the doom of Hell.

A bounty from your Sustainer. That is the supreme triumph.

Ad-Dukhan 44: 51-57

69

Belief in the Hereafter

KAUMAH TAYYJBAH

Allah Subhanahii wa Ta'ala says:

Verily the righteous shall drink from a (cup of wine) flavoured with Camphor from a spring of Paradise called Kiifur.

A spring from where the slaves of Allah will drink, causing it to gush forth (wherever they wish) abundantly.

They (are those) who fulfil their ordained deeds sincerely, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide spread (to one and all).

And they feed, for the love for Him, the poor, the orphans, and the captives,

(Saying:) We feed you, seeking only Allah's countenance. We wish from you no reward, nor thanks.

Verily we fear from our Sustainer a Day, hard and distressful.

So Allah will save them from the

,

evil of that Day (for their obedience and sincerity) and give them a light of beauty and joy. And their recompense shall be Paradise and silken attire.

They will be reclining therein on raised couches; they will find therein neither (the heat of) a sun nor-the bitter cold.

-.:'AJldthe shade of the trees is close

- up~ri them; and the branches of

fruits thereof will hang low within their reach.

And amongst them will be passed around goblets of silver and

70

Belief in the Hereafter

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beakers (as) of glass,

Crystal clear, but made of silver. They will determine the measure thereof, according to their desire. And they will be gi ven to drink from a cup (of wine) mixed with Zanjabil (ginger flavoured),

From a spring called Salsabil.

And youths of everlasting youth will serve them; when you look at them you would think they were as scattered pearls;

And when you look there (in Paradise), you will see a delight (that cannot be imagined) and a great dominion.

Their raiment will be of fine green silk, and gold embroidery. They will be adorned with bracelets of silver; and their Sustainer will slake their thirst by giving them a pure drink Himself.

(And it will be said to them):

Verily, this is a reward for you; and your endeavour has found

acceptance.

Al-Insan 76: 5-22

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

And those on the right hand, what of those on the right hand?

(They will be) Amongst thorn-less Lote trees.

And Clustered plantains with fruits piled one above another.

In a shade long extended.

71

Belie/in the Hereafter

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KALIMAH fA YYIBAH

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By water flowing constantly.

And fruits in abundance.

Neither out of reach, nor forbidden (perennial).

And on couches raised high.

Verily, We have created them (maidens) of a special creation.

And made them virgins.

Beloved of their husbands only, equal in age.

For those of the Right Hand.

A multitude of those (of the Right Hand) will be from the first generations (who embraced Islam). And a multitude (of those of the Right Hand) will be from later

generations.

AI-Waqi'ah 56:27-40

Belie/in the Hereafter

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Note: According to another interpretation the previous generations means people from the previous Ummah; and later generations means people from this Ummah. (Bayanul Qur 'an)

Allah Subhanahii wa Ta'ala says:

Therein (Paradise), you shall have (all) that you desire; and therein you shall have (all) that you ask for.

A gift of welcome, from (Allah) the Oft-Forgiving, the Most

Merciful. Fussilat 41: 31-32

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala says:

And indeed for the transgressors, . will be an evil journey's end.

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Hell, where they will bum, an evil resting place.

This is indeed so (for the transgressors)! Boiling fluid and rotting wound discharge; let then! taste it.

And other (torments) of similar

kind all together. Swad 38: 55-58

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will say to the dwellers of Hell:

Depart you to that which you used to deny!

Depart you to a shadow (the smoke of Hell-Fire which will rise because of its excess and then fall apart) in three columns.

Neither shady (for cool comfort) nor any use (shelter) against the fierce flame of the Fire.

Verily! It (Hell) will throw sparks (huge) as forts (these sparks when they rise will be like great forts). (Then these sparks when they will fall on the earth) they will become as if they were yellow camels.

Al-Mursalat 77: 29-33

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

They (dwellers of Hell) shall have a covering of Fire above them and a covering (of Fire) beneath them (This is that torment). With which Allah does frighten His slaves. 0 My slaves! Therefore, fear Me!

. Az-Zumar 39: 16

73

Belief in the Hereafter

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Allah Subhanahti wa Ta'ala says:

Verily, the tree of Zaqqiim,

Will be the food for sinners;

Like molten brass, it will boil in their bellies,

Like the seething of boiling water.

(It will be said to the angels): Seize him, and drag him into the midst of the blazing Fire,

Then pour over his head the torment of boiling water.

Taste (this)! Verily, you thought you were mighty and generous. Verily! This is that which you used to doubt. Ad-Dukhiln 44: 43-50

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

In front of him (every rebellious transgressor) is Hell, and he will be made to drink boiling festering water.

Which he will sip, but will be unable to swallow it, and death will approach him from every side, yet he will not die; and in front of him will be a harsh torment (becoming ever severe, and he will continue to sob for an eternity).

IbrahIm 14: 16-17 .

74

Belief in the Hereafter

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A~ADITH

~ !~1 J_J.:.)~ :~'.i»I~) f.y,t J~ :J~ 1~~:"'.i»I~) '-"'~ J.l ~ -, '(V

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,. Y 'I V:ri) ,WI_,JIO ))-",J") Y4'~}>,:,:--- ~~I.l..> :JIj J",l.. _rll 127 .. Ibn:-'A~biis Ra.<;liyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Abu Bakr Ra<;l~ya~lahu an~u said: _0 Rasulallah! Indeed you have aged! He

rephed. (The Surah) Hud, Al-waqi'an Al-Mursaliit 'A v

S -, 1- " mma L ala

. a a un, and Idhash Shamsu Kuwwirat have aged me. (Tirmidhi)

,~~1~) ~ljj ~ $ L~ :J~ ~'.i»I~) &1iAll ~ J. +!~:; -, '(" ~J.;!~J ,~Il;. CJjj ,~~ ':";1T ~ 9:Ul ~~,~ ~1 :J'~~ ,& JSfJ'.i»1 ~ lfoi~ ,4J JIJl ~ i; Jl ~ ~ ~ ~G ,~~ ~~ ~U;·1 ~~ ~~~! ~ ,~~~:,::.,~~~~~~~;.._;jl~t(jJ?~~:J~'t27'~~ s:

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vt"o:ri),}ISJJ;i.:.;r),J"j.o.lJ~I"iJ.1IY4'~0IJ) .u~ ~28. K~alid ibne-'Umair Al 'Adawl Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Utbah I~~e-Ghazwan Radiyallahuianhu in a sermon after glorifying and praIsm~ All~, said to us: Undoubtedly, the world has a~no~nced ItS t~rmmation; and has turned on its heel in a hasty flight; and ~hat IS le~t are but a few drops, like the residual drops in a bowl which the dnnker sucks out. And indeed, you will all be transferre? (at death) from the world, to a never-ending abode. So depa~ with the best deeds with you. For verily, it has been mentioned to us that when a stone is cast from the edge of Hell, it

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

76

Belief in the Hereafter

continues to fall for seventy years but will not reach its depth. And by Allah, Hell will be filled (with men and Jinn). So, does this surprise you? And it has been mentioned to us that the expanse between the two panels of the door of Paradise is (a journey of) forty years, yet a day will come, when this expanse will be packed due to the large crowds of people. And verily, I have seen that time, when I was the seventh among seven (Sahabah) with RasiHullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, we had nothing to eat but leaves of tree, until the corners of our mouths became festered with ulcers. And I managed to acquire a piece of broad cloth which I divided between myself and Sa'd ibne-Malik. So, I wore it to cover my lower half, and Sa'd ibne-Malik wore the other piece. But, today each of us is an Amir (Governor) of a city from amongst the great cities. And verily, I seek refuge in Allah that I should ever consider myself great whereas I am regarded low by Allah, And verily, never is there a prophet hood (and its ways) except that gradually it goes into oblivion, until worldly kingdom takes its place. So, in the near future you will realise and have the experience of other governors. (Muslim)

Note: The characteristics of prophetic ways is that justice is established and people develop an indifference to this world and the love of the Hereafter prevails. Whereas in worldly kingdoms, these characteristics are not usually found. (Takmalah, Fatl}ul Mulhim)

noo:ri)" ••• ).r.AlIJy"~~Jl4tI.oY4'~ 129. 'A'ishah Ra<;liyallahu 'anha narrates that whenever it was her turn for Rastilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam to spend the night, he would go out at the end of the night to Baqi' (graveyard) and say:

Peace be upon you. ° dwellers of the abode of believers. The tomorrow which you were being promised about has reached you at its appointed time; and Allah willing, we shall be joining you. ° Allah! Forgive the dewellers of Baqi'. (Muslim)

KALlMAH TAYYIBAH

77

Belief in the Hereafter

V, 'I V:~), •••• 1."iJ.l1 .W 130. Mustawrid ibne-Shaddad Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alai hi wasallam said: By Allah! This world compared to the Hereafter is like one of you dipping his finger in the ocean and then observing the quantity of water on it. (Muslim)

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Y£O'l:~)"" '~':'''~.:r'~I<!.t.l.>- 131. Shaddad ibne-Aws Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab) Sallallahu 'alaihi .wasallam said: He is wise and shrewd who takes account of himself and prepares for what is after death. And he is weak and incapable who follows his desires and yet pins high hopes

on Allah's Mercy. (Tirrnidhr) ,

~ ~J ~~ 9? ~~ ~ ~I ~f :J~ $ ~I ~J;.s. J.I ~ -{~,. ,<?~ I:S? ~jSi :J~ \,.81 ~;'fJ '1/81 ~f :; !~I ~ Ii :J~ J~~I ,1;i:U, ~A Ifo.1 ,~t;f~1 ~ ~ Ji '-? j,J1 yjj ~ <? ~ 1;1:1~1 ~jS'fJ'

~ 'v- O~\.;...o!J ~I .} .}I.",kll olJ) ,)l.='4 ",,:"\.0 .:,.11 olJ) :-:...Li .~~':il ~ljJ 00"'/" ..IlIJ)1 132. 'Abdullah ibne- 'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that I came to Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, being the tenth one of ten

'Sal)abah. A man of the Ansdr stood up and said: 0 NabrAllah!

Who is the wisest and the most resolute amongst people? He replied: He who remembers death the most, and' prepares most diligently for death before it overtakes him. Undoubtedly, these are the wisest. They have acquired the nobility of this world andthe dignity of the Hereafter. (Ibne-Majah, Tabar~ni • Majma-iuz-Zawaid)

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

78

Beliefin the Hereafter

~~J ,~ t.J~ ;. ~~I I~J-~~ 1~ jijf - ~ ~ ~f I~J '~~11 I~ .0 JJ-'P I~J' I~ ~ '~~ I~ ~~ ~G' I~ ~:.~ I~ (~~~ '~I~~I )~I1k;:J1

... £ ,:~) ,oil y. JJ.o~I.}Y4 ,<»Io'..,lIOIJ) 133. 'Abdullah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab) Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam traced a square and traced a line in the middle protruding out of its border and traced smaller lines up to the one that was in the middle and then he said: This middle line is man, and this (square) is death surrounding him (decreed life-span). And the line protruding out of the square shows his hopes. And these smaller lines are the incidents (to take place). If one incident misses, him, he is mangled by the other. And if it misses him, he is mangled by yet another. (Bukharl) .

I : : : : : : : I

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£0'('/' • ..IlIJ)I~,~IJI>;)w.l.>-i 134. Mahmud ibne-Labid Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that indeed Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: There are two things that the son or" Adam dislikes: Death, although death is better (for a believer) than trials (which endanger his faith); and scarcity of worldly belongings. And this scarcity of worldly belongings results in less reckoning on the Day of Judgement. (Musnad Ahmad)

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'(' • £ / 0~1f:l1 J ~1.L,l1 .}.u ~ <!.t..bJ1 135. Abu Salamah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He, who meets Allah testifying that none is worthy of worship but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and believes in resurrection and in reckoning, enters Paradise. (Al-Bidaya wan Nihiiyah)

KAUMAH TAYYIBAH

79

Beliefin the Hereafter

~~~~~~~f :~,;)~,.s':~.:Jj :~~~'.ib,~)~,;)~,~(:; -H" ~ '~jjS' ~ ~~! ~l :J~ ~ ~, J~) C;~, J! :J~ ~~~ j~}l' Y''I/v':)\'"'l~I~';~I~IJJ .~'.!..Lw~~L:,,,,,,~D~'lA~ t,;.,;

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136. ~mme Darda' Radiyallahu 'anha narrates: I enquired from Abu Darda : Why do you not go and seek for your guests what men (usually) s~ek (fine food and drink) for their guests? So he replied: I hear~ Rasululla? ?allallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Verily, before you IS a very difficult pass! The heavily burdened shall not cross thr?ug~ it with ease, so I desire to keep myself light for that passage. (Baihaqi)

~ote: 'Men seek fine food and drink' means that his wife wanted him to take out time and effort to earn, if not for his family, then at least for the sake of his guests.

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"Y. ":~J" ••• ,rAJ1~\lio!';.l>:-\.oY4'<",-:~.;,.-;"~~ ~37. HanT Ral)imahullahu; the freed slave of 'Uthman Radiyallahu an?u ?arrates that when Uthman stood by a grave he would weep until his tears wet his beard. So, he was asked; When Paradise and H~lI are mentioned, you do not weep, but (why do) you weep at this ~SIg?t. of the gravet So .he replied: Indeed, Rasiilullah Sallallahu

alaihi wasallam said: V.enly, t~e grave is the first stage among the stages of t?e Hereafter; If one IS saved from (the Punishment of) it then what IS to follow will be easier. And if one does not find safety from it, then what is to follow shall be more severe than it. And Rasiilulla~ S.allallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: I have not seen a sight more horrifying than (the Punishment of) the grave. (TirmidhI)

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

80

Belief in the Hereafter

138. 'Uthman ibne-' Affan Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that when Nabi.Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam used to finish the burial of the dead, he would stay-at his grave and say: Seek forgiveness for your brother and beg steadfastness for him, as indeed he is now being questioned. (Abu Dawtid)

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139. Abu Sa'Id Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, while entering his Masjid saw some persons laughing in a manner that their teeth were visible. He said: Behold! If you frequently remember the destroyer of pleasures, that is, death, it will distract you from what I am seeing (your excessive laughing). So remember frequently the destroyer of pleasures, that is, death. For verily, not a day passes upon the grave but that it cries out saying: I am the house of exile; and I am the house of loneliness; and I am the house of dust; and I am the house of worms. When a believing slave of Allah is buried, the grave says to him: You are most welcome! Indeed, you were the most beloved to me of all those who used to walk upon me. So now, when you have been placed in my charge and you have been brought to me, you will see my excellent treatment. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam then said: So the

KALIMAH fAYYIBAH

81

Belief in the Hereafter

grave expands for. him as far as the eye can see; and a door of Paradise is opened for him.

And when an immoral slave of Allah or an unbeliever is buried; the grave says to him: You are most unwelcome! Indeed you were the most despised by me of all those who used to walk upon me. So today, as you have been placed in my charge, and you have been brought to me, you will soon _ see my . treatment towards you. Rasirlullah.Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The grave then closes on him until its one side meets the other, and his ribs get intermingled; Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam then (illustrating) placed the fingers (of one hand) between the fingers (of the other hand). He added: Allah sends upon him seventy serpents; if one of them were to breathe upon the earth, it would not produce any crops as long as the world remained; they will go on biting and lacerating him until he is brought forth for his Account on the Day of Resurrection. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The grave is either a garden from among the gardens of Paradise or a pit from among the pits of Hell. (Tirmidhi)

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82

Belief in the Hereafter

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t VO":ri)" ••• _".ill 140. Bara ibne-tAzib Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates: We went out' with Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam along with the funeral of a man from the Ansar until we reached the grave, which had not yet been completely dug. So, Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihiwasallam sat and we sat around him in silence as though birds were perched upon our heads, and in his hand was a stick with which he was making marks on the ground. He then raised his head and said two times or three times: Seek refuge in Allah from the Punishment of the grave. He then said: (When a believer is buried in the grave), and two angels will approach the buried person and make him sit up, and then ask him: Who is your Rabb? He will reply: My Rabb is Allah. Then they will ask him: What is your religion? He will reply: My religion is Islam. Then they will ask him: What do you say about this man who was sent to you? He will reply: He is the Messenger of Allah. Then they will ask him: What makes you certain of that? He will reply: I. read the Book of Allah and I believed and I testified init. Then, a Caller will announce from the heavens: My slave has said the truth so spread for him a bedding from Paradise and dress him from the clothes of Paradise, and open for him a window towards Paradise. The joy, pleasant breeze and fragrances of Paradise will reach him, and the grave will be expanded for him as far as his eye can see.

Then Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam mentioned the death of an unbeliever: Verily, the soul of an unbeliever shall be returned to his body. Two angels will approach him, and make him sit up, and ask him: Who is your Rabb? He will reply: Alas alas! I do not know! Then they will ask him: What is your religion? He will reply:

Alas alas! ldo not know! Then they will ask him: What do you say about this man who was sent to you? He will reply: Alas alas! I do not know! At this, a Caller from the heavens will announce: He has lied. So spread for him a bedding of the Fire, and clothe him with the Fire, and open for him a window to the Fire that its heat and scorching wind reach him, and' his grave will close upon him until his ribs are intertwined. (Abu Dawud)

Note: The announcement from the heavens about an unbeliever, 'he has lied,' means that he is pretending to be ignorant; though in fact

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he had refuted Allah's Oneness, His Prophet and Islam. (Maariful I:IadTth)

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''!'Vt :~) ,rill yl'\'&'';.1.>:- \.oYl.! ,.s} .... ,J1 01)) . .:,..-:la~h 141. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily, the slave of Allah, when he is placed in his grave, and his companions depart, he indeed hears the beat of their sandals, and then two angels come to him and make him sit up and ask: What did you use to say of this man, Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihT wassallum? As for the Mu'min (believer) he will say: I bear witness that he is the slave of Allah and His Messenger. It will then be said to him: Look towards your dwelling in Hell; Allah has replaced it with a dwelling in Paradise. He will then see both the dwellings.

And as for the Munafiq (hypocrite) and Kiifir (unbeliever), it will be said to them: What did you use to say concerning this man? He will reply: I do not know; I used to say what the people were saying. It will then be said to him: Indeed, you knew not, nor did you follow those who knew. Then, he will be beaten by hammers of iron, causing him to scream, the sound of which will be heard by everyone around him except men and Jinn. (Bukhari) .

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,!,vo,'!'v'\:~),"'\.o}If'T "'~11 142. Anas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi was all am said: The Hour of the Day of Resurrection will not come until there will be no one left in the world who says Allah, Allah. And in another narration: The Hour of the Day of

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Beliefin the Hereafter

Resurrection will not be established so long as there is someone saying, Allah, Allah. (Muslim)

Note: This means that the Day of Resurrection will occur when the : world becomes devoid Of Allah's remembrance. This hadith also explains that the Day of Resurrection will not be established ~o l~ng there is a single man saying: 0 people! Fear Allah and worship Him. (Mirqat)

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143. 'Abdullah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabl Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The Last Hour will come only upon the most wicked people. (Muslim)

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85

Belief ill the Hereafter

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tVt':~) 144. 'Abdullah ibne-'Amr Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah SallaIl~hu 'alaihi wasallam said: Dajjdl will appear in my Ummah and remain for forty; I do not know whether for forty days, or forty months, or forty years. Then Allah will send 'Isa ibneMaryam resembling 'Urwah ibne-Masud. He will seek out Dajjai and then destroy him. Thereafter, people shall remain for seven years without enmity even between two persons. Then Allah will send a c~ol breeze from the direction of Syria; whereupon none shall remain upon the face of the earth whose heart has the tiniest particle of Iman, except that his life shall be seized by this breeze .. Even if one of you were to enter the innermost recess of a mountain it (the breeze) would enter even there and seize him. ' Thereafter, only the most wicked people shall remain who are as unstable as birds (easily startled) with a tendency to wickedness with the inte.lligence of beasts of prey (who have little intelligence and sh?w vIOlence. and anger), neither knowing right nor objecting to eVIL Then Shaitan will appear to them and say: Will you not comply to my command? They will say: What do you command us? He will then order them to worship idols (and they will obey him). A?und~nt sustenance will be granted to them and apparently, they WIll enjoy a good and luxurious life.

Then the Trumpet will be blown; and everyone who hears it will bend ?ne side of ~is n~ck, and raise the other, listening attentively. The first to hear It will be a man plastering a water tank for his camels. Then he will collapse senseless, and die and so will all the peo~le with hi~. Then Allah will send down rain resembling dew, causing the bodies of the people to sprout like plants from the earth. T~ere~fter the. Trumpet will be blown a second time, and the people will nse looking around. Then it will be said: 0 people! Hasten towards your R~bb! The angels will be told to restrain them for they are to be questioned, Command then will be given to bring forth those who are to go to Hell and when they asked what proportion is t~ be brought forth, they will be told it is nine hundred and ninety nine out of every thousand. That will be a day which will make children grey haired; and that is the day when the Shin will be bared (Muslim)

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Belief in the Hereafter

In another narration It IS stated: Hearing that nine-hundred-andninety-nine out of a thousand will be doomed to the Fire (of Hell), the Sahabah were deeply grieved and it showed on their faces. Then Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Nine-hundred-andninety-nine will be from Yajiij Majiij (Gog and Magog) and one from you. (Bukharl)

Note: Shin is one of the allegorical terms used in the Quran like face and hand. It is a special attribute of Allah. We should believe in it in the same manner as we believe in the existence, life, the hearing and seeing of Allah. (Tafsir Usrnani),

In a hadith of SahTI1 Bukhari and Muslim narrated by Abu Sa'Id Khudri Radiyallahu 'anhu, Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam is quoted as saying: Allah 'Azza wa JaIl will bare His Shin and then all the believers, men and women, will prostrate themselves before Him; but there will remain those who used to prostrate in the world for showing off and for gaining good reputation. Such people will try to prostrate (on the Day of Judgment) but their backs will be as stiff as a single column.

Dajjal is the Great Deceiver who will appear near the end of the world and will claim to be God and will be killed by 'Isa 'alaihis Salam at his Second Coming.

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y t,.,:~) ')J-Al10G.}.~\.oY4 145. Abu Sa'Id Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: How can I enjoy life and be at ease, when the one entrusted with the Horn has placed it to his mouth and has lent his ear attentively, waiting for the order to blow it. This statement seemed to bear heavily upon the Sahabah of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, so he said to them: Say: &Ji~IJ$.J.;OI~)'.'i!I~(Allah is sufficient for us! The Most Excellent is He in Whom we trust!) (Tirmidhi)

KAUMAH TAYYIBAH

87

Belief in the Hereafter

V'(.'\:~),J..ot,.il1 146. Miqdad Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: The sun shall be brought close to the creation on the Day of Resurrection until there is one mile between it and them. Mankind will sweat according to what they have done; the sweat reaching to the ankles of some, to the knees of others, to the waist of others, while some will have their mouths covered by the sweat. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam pointed his hand to his mouth. (Muslim)

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,..1 t '(:~),J.,jTr'1 147. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Mankind will be assembled on the Day of Resurrection in three classes, one walking, one riding and one walking on their faces. It was asked: 0 Rasulallah! How will they walk on their faces? He replied: Verily, the one who made them walk on their feet is able to make them walk on their faces. They will avoid with their face every obstacle and thorn. (Tirmidhi)

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V"IY:~)"'" JWY)lr")\S'y~,..s)l:o<.,JIOIJ) .~;J 148. 'AdI ibne-Hatim Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: There is not anyone of you but that

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Belief in the Hereafter

his Rabb will speak directly to him, without any interpreter betw~en them. Then he will look to his right, and he will not see anythmg except what he had sent ahead from his deeds. And he will look to his left, and he will not see anything except what he had sent ahead. And he will look in front of him, and he will not see anything except the Fire in front of his face.· So protect yourselves from the Fire even if it should be by half a date. (Bukhari)

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t"h~ioIJ) (~~I) .~~~ ~~ J! y~1 ~j:;~l;~ j:;~~~Gf 149. 'A' ishah Radiyallahu 'anha narrated: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying in one of his Salat

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o Allah! Make my account easy.

When he finished his Salat, I asked: 0 Nabiyallah! What is 'easy account'? He replied: That one' s boo~ of deeds be looked in~o and then he be forgiven. Verily, 0 'A'ishah! He who will be interrogated on that Day will be ruined! (Musnad Abroad)

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150. Abu Sa'Id Al Khudn Radiyallahu 'anhu approached Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and asked: Inform me who will be strong enough to stand on the Day of Resurrection, about which Allah 'Azza wa JaIl has mentioned: ~, 4).:,.8, ~ ~ r y. (The Day the people will stand before the Rabb-Sustainer of the worlds). He replied: That Day will be so shortened for the believer as is the (the duration of)

obligatory SaUit. (Baihaql, Mishkat)

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Belief in the Hereafter

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151. 'Awf ibne-Malik Al Ashja'I Radiyallahu 'anhu n~rr~tes that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: An angel came to me from my Rabb, and gave me the option to choose between half of my Ummah going to Paradise, or my right for intercession. So I chose intercession (so that my entire Ummah benefits from it and none is deprived) and it is for those who die without ascribing any partner to Allah. (Tirmidhf)

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152. Anas ibne-MiHik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasaIiam said: My intercession will be for those of my Ummah who have committed major sins. (Tirrnidhr)

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

90

Belief in the Hereafter

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153. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: On the Day of Resurrection, ~ankind will be in confusion. Then they will approach Adam 'Alaihis Salam and say: Intercede for us before your Rabb. He will reply: I am not eligible to intercede, you should approach Ibrahim, as he is the Khalil (close friend) of Ar-Rahman. So, they will approach Ibrahim 'Alaihis Salam, but he will say to them: I am not eligible, you should approach Mfisa, as he is Kalimullah (who speaks to All~h Ta' ala). So, they will approach Miisa 'Alaihis Salam, but he will say: I am not eligible, you should approach 'Isa, as he is Rilhullah and Kalimatullah (the Spirit of Allah, and Word of Allah). So, they will approach 'Isa 'Alaihis Salam; but he will say: I am' not eligible, you should approach Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi ~asallam. Thus, they will approach me and I will say, I am the one to intercede,

So I will beseech my Rabb; and He will oblige me. Then He will inspire me with such words that I will praise Him with, but I have no knowledge of these words now. So I will praise Him by those praises and will fall in prostration. Then it will be said: 0

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91

Belief in the Hereafter

M_ui)ammad! R~ise your head; speak, you will be heard; ask, you w~ll be gr~nted; intercede, your intercession will be accepted. So, I wIl~ subIll1t: 0 my Rabb.! My Ummah! My Ummah! (Have mercy on It). It will then be said: Go and take out of the Fire whoever has in his heart, {man equivalent to a grain of barley. So, I will go and obey as commanded.

The? I will return and praise Him again by the same praises and will fall In prostration. Then it will be said: 0 Muhammad! Raise your head; speak, you will be heard; ask, you will be granted; intercede, your intercession will be accepted. So I will beseech: 0 My Rabb! My Ummah! My Ummah! Then it will be said: Go and take out from the Fire whoever has, in his heart, {man equivalent to a particle of dust or a mustard seed. So, I will go and comply with the command.

Then ~ will r~turn and, praise Him once more by the same praises and WIll fall In prostration. Then it will be said: 0 Muhammad! ~aise your head; speak, you will be heard; ask, you will be granted; Intercede, your intercession will be accepted. So I will implore: 0 My Rabb! My Ummah! My Ummah! Then it will be said: Go and take out from the Fire whoever has {man, in his heart, as much as the smallest, smallest, smallest grain of mustard seed. So I will go and do as bidden.

And then, I will return for the fourth time and praise Him by the same praises and will fall in prostration. Then it will be said: 0 M_ui)ammad! R~ise your head; speak, you will be heard; ask, you w~l1 be granted; intercede, your intercession will be accepted. So I w~ll urge: 0 My Rabb! Permit me (to intercede) for anyone who has said La ilaha illaUah. Thus, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will say:

By My ~o~our, and By My Majesty, and By My Grandeur, and By My Sublimity; whoever has said La ildha illallah, I will certainly take him out of the Fire. (BukharT)

And in the narration of Abu Sa'Id Al Khudrf Radiyallahu 'anhu: (In reply to the urges of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi was all am for the ~ourth time) Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'aIa will say: The Angels have mterceded, and the Prophets have interceded, and the believers have interceded, and none remain except the Most Merciful of the Merciful. He will then grasp a handful from the Fire, taking out those who had not done a single virtuous act, and who had been turned to charcoal. He will then put them into a river of life at the

~.

r L

KALIMAH TAYYlBAH

Beliefin the Hereafter

92

entrance of Paradise, called Nahar-ul-Hayiit (the River of Life). They will be revived like the seedlings that sprout in the silt carried by a flood. And they will come forth like pearls; around their necks shall be straps Of gold. The dwellers of Paradise will recognize them by these straps as those whom Allah had released from the Fire and made to enter Paradise without having done any good deed. Then Allah will say to them: Enter into Paradise, and whatever you have seen is yours. So they will say: 0 our Rabb! You have given us what none was given in the world! He will reply: For you I have something better than this. They will say: 0 our Rabb! What could be better than this? He will then reply: My Pleasure, and now I will never be angry with you. (Muslim)

Note: '{sa 'Alaihis Salam has been referred in this hadith as Rilhullah and Kalimatullah, as he was born without a father on the Command of Allah: Kun! (Be! and it became), and by a breath of Jibrail 'Alaihis Salam (as commanded by Allah) in the collar of his mother causing him to be a soul and a living being. (Tafsir ibne-Kathir)

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.." .... :~) 154. 'Imran ibne-Husain Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: A group of people will come out of the Fire by the intercession of Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and enter Paradise; they will be called the Jahannamin (people of Hell). (Bukharl)

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yt t • :~)" ••• \AJ1~J_,..a .. ":"4,..:r-""<!...!J>.I.iA :JliJ.s.l. .rl1~IJ)· .~I 155. Abu Sa'Id Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily, from amongst my Ummah, there will be some people who will intercede for a nation and some who will intercede for a tribe, and some who will intercede for a small group, and some who will intercede for a single man, until they enter Paradise. (TirmidhI)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

93

Belief in the Hereafter

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tA Y :~) ,It,,l;U p4.;,,;JljAi.;.)jyl; 156. Hudhaifah and Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhuma both narrate in a lengthy narration that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The qualities of 'trustworthiness' and 'kinship' will be sent and will stand on the two sides of the Sirdt (the bridge over Hell), right and left (so as to intercede for those who cared for them or object to those who disregarded them). Then the first amongst you shall pass over it like lightning. I said : May my father and mother be sacrificed for you what is meant by "pass like the lightning?" He replied: Do you not see iiow lightning passes and returns within the blink of an eye! Then, (the next in rank) would pass like the wind, and like a swift bird, and like a fast runner. That is, everyone will cross according to his deeds.

And your Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasaIIam will be standing on (the SiriiO saying: 0 my Rabb! Grant safety! Grant safety! Until such people will come that due to the weakness of their deeds, they will only be able to crawl. He (then) said: And on the sides of the Sirdt hooks would be suspended ready to catch anyone whom they w~uld be ordered to catch. So, some will escape wounded and some would be piled up in Fire. And by the One in Whose hand is the life of Abu Hurairah; Indeed, the depth of Hell is seventy years. (Muslim)

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

94

Belief in the Hereafter

Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: While I was passing through Paradise, I found myself by a river on the two sides of which were domes of hollow pearls. I asked: What is this 0 Jibrail? He replied:

This is the Kauthar that your Rabb granted. Its soil was the most excellent musk. (Bukhari)

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o~v, :~) 158. 'Abdullah ibne-'Amr ibnil-'As Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates:

Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: My pond (Al-Kauthar) is as large as 'a month's journey and its sides are equal. Its water is brighter than silver, and its fragrance is more delightful ~han musk. And its drinking cups are (as numerous) as the stars ll1 the sky. Whoever will drink from it shall never feel thirst thereafter. (Muslim) Note: The distance of one month's journey implies that the size of Al-Kauthar is so large that it will take one month to go across it.

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y t t ,.:~) ,,/yJlu.....j.\.>:- .. y4 159. Samurah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrated that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily for every prophet there is a pond, and indeed they will vie with one another about which of them will ha~e . the largest number coming down to it. I hope, indeed, my pond will be the most heavily attended. (Tirmidhl)

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KALIMAHTAYYIBAH

95

Belief in the Hereafter

SallalHihu 'alaihi wasallam said: Who bears witness that none is worthy of worship b~t Allah, the Alone, without any partners, and tha~ M~l)ammad IS HIS slave and Messenger, and that '{sa 'Alaihis Salam IS the slave of Allah, and His Messenger, and His Word that was grant~d t.o Mary~m 'Alaihis Salam and a Spirit from Him, and that Par.adlse IS a real~ty, and that Fire is a reality. Allah will indeed, sen~ him to Paradise whatever his deeds may be. Junadah Ra(;h~allahu 'anhu added in his narration: He may enter from any of the eight doors of Paradise that he wishes! (BukharT)

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,. yt t:~)" ••• ~I~ .j<t.:- \.oy~ ,..s)Li.,J1 01)) .~~ §J:;~ ~f t ~ ~ 161. ~bu ~u~ai:ah Rac;iiya~lahu 'anhu reported that Rasiilullah Sa~~~ahu a~aIhl wasallam III a Hadith Qudsi narrated that Allah Ta ala has Said: I have prepared for My pious slaves that which no eye has seen and no ear has heard, and which has not entered into the heart of any man. If you wish, recite:

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And no one knows what delights of the eyes have been hidden from them! (As-Sajdah 33: 16)

(Bukhari)

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""0. :~)'" .. ~I~.j<t.:-\.oy~,..s)Li.,JIOI)) .~~~ ~:UI~ ~~I 162~ Sa~l ibne-Sa'd Al Sa'ldl Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasul~lla~Sallall~hu . 'alaihi wasallam said: The space that a whip OCCU~I~S III Paradise IS better than the world and what it contains (Bukhan) .

KAllMAH TAYYIBAH

96

Beliefin the Hereafter

163. Anas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrated that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The length of any of your bows, or the space that a step occupies in Paradise is better than the world. and what it contains. And if a woman of the women of Paradise were to look upon the earth, the entire space between Paradise and the earth would become illuminated and filled with fragrance, and her scarf is better than the world and what it contains. (Bukhari)

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t M' :~) '~Jo4.oJl' yo.l} 164. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates . that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily there is a tree in Paradise that a rider, travelling under its shade for one hundred years, will not be able to cross it. Recite, if you wish: 1j~ J.lOJ (in shade long extended) (Al- Waqi 'a 56:30) (Bukhari)

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V, o~ :~),\tlAiJ~I":'>I.U.jy~ 165. Jabir Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi . wasallam saying: Verily the people of Paradise will eat and drink, and they will not spit, nor urinate, nor defecate, nor blow their noses. The Sahabah asked: Then what will happen to the food (that they eat)? He replied: It will produce belching and sweat like musk. They will be inspired to recite the glory of Allah and (His) Praise, just as they breathe! (Muslim)

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KALlMAH TAYYlBAH

97

Beliefin the Hereafter

166. Abu Sa Td Al Khudrf and Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrate that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: An announcer shall announce (in Paradise): Verily, for you it is decreed that you shall remain in perfect health, never to fall ill. And verily, for you it is decreed that you shall continue to live, never to die. And verily, for you (it is decreed) that you shall remain young, never to grow old. And verily, for you it is decreed that you shall live in pleasure and delight, never in misery and in distress, and that (is the meaning of what) Allah 'Azza wa JaIl has said.

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It will be announced to them that this is the Paradise that you have inherited by virtue of what you used to do.

(Muslim)

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tt 'I :~)" ••• 0 r":/I.} ~ j4l1 ~j) .;;..I.,il Yl!'~ 167. Suhaib Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam in a Hadith Qudsi said: When the people of Paradise will have entered Paradise, Allah Ta'aIa will say: Do you desire that I may bestow upon you with one more Blessing? They will reply:

Have You not enlightened our faces! Have You not made us enter into Paradise, and saved us from the Fire! Rasulullah said: Then Allah will remove the veil, (between him and them); and they will not have been given anything dearer to them than looking at their Sustainer, the Mighty and the Magnificient. (Muslim)

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168. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Do not envy an evil person's well being because verily you do not know what he will meet with after his death. Indeed, Allah has a killer (the Hell Fire) for him and he will never die. (Tabarant, Majma'uz-Zawaid, Sharh-us Sunnah)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

98

Belief in the Hereafter

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169. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Your fire is one part from seventy parts of the Fire of Hell. It was said: 0 Rasulallah! Even this would have been enough! He replied: It has sixty nine parts in excess of fires in this world, each of these being equivalent to their heat. (Bukhart)

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1/. "":~) ,)\.:.II.} 170. Anas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam in a Hadith Qudsi said: On the Day of Resurrection a person from the people of the Fire, who had been living the most comfortable and luxurious life in the world, will be brought, and dipped once in the Fire. Then he will be asked: 0 son of Adam! Do you recall seeing any good, a moment of comfort or luxury? He will reply: No, by Allah, 0 my Rabb!

And a person from the people of Paradise, who had been living a most distressful life in the world, will be brought, (and) dipped once in Paradise. Then he will be asked: Have you experienced any misfortune? Has any distress come your way? To which he will reply: No, by Allah, 0 my Rabb! No misfortune has ever come my way and I have never experienced any distress. (Muslim)

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KALlMAH TAYYIBAH

99

Belief in the Hereafter

VIV·:~)'~'":'L!'I·..L···.oQI)) .~)J.1JU81 171. Samurah ibne-Jundub Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: There will be some to whose ankles the Fire will reach, some to whose knees the Fire will reach, some to

. whose waist the Fire will reach and some to whose collar-bone the Fire will reach. (Muslim)

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. YoAo :~) ,)WI J.>i ,":,I_r.ll..,.o .).~ Lo'":'L!'~ ~~""'" 1.1.> 172. Ibne-' Abbas Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam recited the following verse:

~>~~;.~n)~~Jy.s'l) ~J;-'2»II;'

Fear Allah (by doing all that He has ordered and by abstaining from all that He has forbidden), as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam.

Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam (while describing the fear of Allah and the punishment of the Hereafter) said: If a single drop of Az-Zaqqiim (a tree in Hell) were to be dropped into this world, it would spoil the people's means of livelihood; so what about those whose food it is? (Tirmidhr)

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KALlMAH TAYYIBAH

101)

Belief in the Hereafter

173. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi 'wasallam in a Hadith Qudsi said: When Allah had created Paradise, He said to Jibrail (' Alaihis Salam): Go and visit it! So he went and saw it, returned, and submitted: 0 my Rabb! By Your Might and Honour, none shall hear about it except that he shall (strive to) enter it! Then (Allah) surrounded it with adversities (adherence to Shari'ah, which at times is against personal desires) and ordered: 0libraIl! Go and visit it (again). So he went, saw it, and returned; then submitted: 0 my Rabb! By Your Might and Honour, indeed I fear that none shall (be able to) enter it! Then, Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasaUam said: When Allah created the Fire (of Hell), then He said: 0libraIl! Go and visit it! So he went and saw it, returned, and submitted: 0 my Rabb! By Your Might and Honour, none shall hear about it except that he shall (strive to) avoid it! Then (Allah) surrounded it with carnal desires, and ordered: 0libraIl! Go and visit it (again)! So he went, saw it; and returned, then submitted: 0 my Rabb! By Your Might, Honour, and Majesty; I fear that none shall (be able to) avoid it! (Abu Dawud)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

101 Success in the Commandments of Allnh

SUCCESS IS IN OBEYING THE COMMANDMENTS OF ALLAH TA'ALA

In order to seek benefit directly from Alliih Ta'iilii, it is necessary to believe that complete success in this World and the Hereafter lies only in complying with His Commandments in the way shown by Rasiilulliih Sallallnhu 'alaihi

wasallam

VERSES OF QUR' AN

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala says:

It is unbecoming of a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should claim freedom of choice in their affairs. And whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has most certainly gone astray.

Al-Ahzab 33: 36

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

We sent no messenger except that he be obeyed by Allah's will.

An-Nisa 4: 64

:Jw'..l!IJll

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KAUMAH !it YYIBAH

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

And whatsoever the Messenger gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain from it.

Al-Hashr 59: 7

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'aJa says:

Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a good example (to follow), for the one who hopes for (the meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah

much. Al-Ahzab 33: 21

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

So let those who oppose His (Allah's) Command, beware, lest some trial or painful punishment

befall them. An-Nur 24:63

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Whoever does righteous deedswhether male or female-while he (or she) is a true believer, verily to him We will give a good life (in this world, respect, contentment, lawful provision, the pleasure of the remembrance of Allah and the delights of His love). And We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the

Hereafter). An-Na~1 16: 97

102 Success in the Commandments of Allnh

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KALlMAH TAYYIBAH

Allah Subhanahii wa Ta 'ala says:

And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed achieved

a great success.

Al-Ahzab 33: 71

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'jila said to His Prophet Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam: Say (to mankind): If you (really) love Allah, then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving, Most Merciful.

AleImran 3: 3]

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Verily, those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger) and do good deeds, the Most Gracious (Allah) will bestow love for them (in the hearts of

mankind). Maryam 19: 96

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala says:

And he who performs deeds of righteousness, and he is a believer, he will have no fearof injustice or of any curtailment (of his reward).

ra ns 20: 112

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

And whosoever fears Allah (that is, fulfils all His Commandments and avoids all that is forbidden), He (Allah) will make for him a way out (of every difficulty). And He will provide him from where (sources) he could never imagine.

M-ralaq65: 2-3

103 Success in the Commandments of Allah

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

104 Success in the Commandments of Alllih

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Do they not see how many a generation We destroyed before them; whom We had empowered on the earth more, than We had empowered you (in physical strength, wealth in abundance, hailing from noble families, enjoying respect, long lives, holding estate and power etc.). And We sent down on them abundant showers from the sky. and made the rivers flow beneath them. But We destroyed them for their sins, and created after them

other generations. Al-Ari'am 6:6

Allah Subhanahii wa Ta 'ala says:

Wealth and children are adornments of worldly life; but good deeds; the fruit of which endures for ever are of far greater ment with your Rabb and a far better source of hope. AI-Kahf 18: 46

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

All that is with you is' bound to come to an end, whereas that which is with Allah is everlasting, And most certainly shall We grant to those, who are patient in adversity, their reward in accordance with the best that they

ever did. An-NalJI 16: 96

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

And whatever you are given (now) is but for the (passing) provision of

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life in this world and for its adornment, whereas that which is with Allah is (so much) better and everlasting. Have you then no

sense? AI-Qa~a~ 28: 60

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)I.,ll J',)&> ,.s.i.. _rJ1.:i-' JA J~It'~1 "'". '\ :~) 'J..al40),)1,.J1.).~ \"oY4 ,~~ 174. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Hasten to perform good deeds before you are overtaken by seven things: Are you waiting for

1. Such poverty that makes one unmindful of devotion, or 2. Wealth that makes one rebellious, or 3. Sickness that disables, or 4. Old age that makes one lose his senses, or 5. Sudden death (often not giving an opportunity of turning with repentance), or 6. Dajjal who is the worst evil of those absent evils being awaited, or 7. The Hour? And the Hour is very grievous and very bitter. (TirmidhT)

Note: This means that one should prepare for his Hereafter by performing good deeds before any of the above mentioned seven situations arises, thus rendering him unable to do good deeds.

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Vi yt :~)'..IA)I 175. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Three follow the dead, two return and one remains with him. His family, his wealth and his deeds follow him whereas his family and wealth return and his deeds remain with him. (Muslim)

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KAllMAH TAYYIBAH

106 Success in the Commandments of Alinh

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\tA/\.~\..:JI""'" .:').I?g~;J~~ 176. 'Amr Ra<;iiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam one day delivered a sermon saying: Behold! The world and its things are indeed a temporary commodity (and as such have no worth and value), shared and consumed by both the pi?us and t~e impious people alike! Irideed, the Hereafter is truly ~ reahty and WIll arrive at its appointed time in which Judgement WIll be made b~ a Powerful King. Behold! Indeed all good, in its entirety is in Paradise. Indeed all evil, in its entirety is in the Fire. Understand we~l, do good deeds with due fear of Allah, and know that you WIll be confronted by your deeds. Whosoever does a particle weight of good, shall see it; and whosoever does a particle weight of evil, shall

see it. (Musnad Shaf"I )

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177. Abu Sa'Id Al Khudrf Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that he heard Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: When the slave of Allah enters' into Islam and the beauty of Islam comes into his life, every evil deed that he had committed previously is forgiven by Allah. Thereafter, starts the settlement of accounts; the reward of a good deed is ten times to seven hundred times and the ~unishment for an evil deed is equivalent to it unless Allah overlooks It. (Bukharl) Note: The beauty of Islam comes into his life means that on~' s hea:t should be illuminated with Iman and the body should be dedicated 10 obedience to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

t-:

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

107 Success in the Commandments of Allah

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178. 'UmarRadiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabf Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Islam means that you bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger, and to establish Salat, and pay Zakat, and fast in the month of Ramadan, and to perform Hajj to the House of Allah if you are able to do so. (Muslim)

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.... Li.::.....~I~Ji~IJ!-~.....JII..i..> :JI.l)Y 'I'.:J)'.I.:: .... ..JI~~\.>JI~I)) .O~~~~IJ::,~# 179. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabl Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Islam is that you worship Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and do not ascribe any partner to Him, and to establish Salat, to pay Zakat, to fast in Ramadan, to perform Hajj to the House of Allah, to enjoin good, to forbid from evil, and to offer Salam to your family. So, if anyone is deficient in any of these, he has left a part of Islam arid he, who leaves all of them, has turned his back to Islam (Mustadrak Hakim)

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, .. , I' J.lIJ)\ ~ ,.;:..w.u\:o:- )'-.i!J4rL-.~ J~ r-t- )..I..o.?-i.w).~ 180. Hudhaifah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Islam has eight parts. Iman is one part, and performing Salat is one part, and giving Zakat is one part, and performing Hajj to the House of Allah is one part, and fasting in Ramadan is one part, and enjoining good is one part, and forbidding evil is one part, and Jihad in the Path of Allah is one part. Indeed,

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

108 Success in the Commandments of Alliih

one is unsuccessful who has no share in any of these parts. (Majma'uz-Zawaid, Bazzar)

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\" I "1'..I..o.?-i 18l. Ibne-tAbbas Ra<;liyallahu 'anhuma narrates that NabT Sallalla?u 'alaihi wasallam said: Islam is to surrender yourself to Allah (with correct belief and actions) and bear witness with heart and tongue that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger, and to establish Salat, and to pay Zakat. (Musnad Ahmad)

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182. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that a villager came to Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasall~m and s~id: ?uide me_to a, de~d: by doing' which I shall enter Paradise. Rasulullah. Sallallahu alaihi wasallam replied: Worship Allah and do not ascnbe ~ny partner !o Him and establish the obligatory Salat, and pay the obligatory Zakat, and fast in Ramadan. The villager replied: By Himin Whose Hand my life is, I shall not add anything to it. When he had. turned away, Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Anyone who wishes to see a man f~om among the people of Paradise, he may look at this man . (BukharT)

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KALIMAH TAITIBAH

109 Success in the Commandments of Allah

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t "I:~ J ,~'j...,'jI,J' 01.) )I..,..~ 183. Talha ibne-Tlbaidullah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that a man of the people of Najd with dishevelled hair came to Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. We could hear the sound of his voice but could not understand what he was saying till he came close to Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and we realised that he was asking about Islam. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said:

Five times of Salat each day and night. He asked: Must I observe any more than them? He replied: No, unless you do it voluntarily. Th~n Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: And fasting dunng the month of Ramadan is obligatory. He asked: Must I observe anything else? Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied: No, unless you do it voluntarily. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam then mentioned Zakat to him and he asked: Must I pay anything else? He replied: No, unless you give voluntarily. Then he turned and left saying: By Allah, I will not do more than that nor less than that. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam remarked:

He has succeeded if (he keeps) true to his words. (Bukharl)

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'A :~J ,,;noOol'jl 184. 'Ubadah ibne-Samit Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said to a group of hisSahabah who were sitting around him: Swear allegiance to me that you will not ascribe any p~ner to ~llah, and will not steal, and will not commit adultery, and w.Ill not kill. your children and will not falsely accuse anyone, and. will ~ot be disobedient concerning what is good. Thus, whoever fulfils this oath, Allah will be responsible for his reward. Whoever

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

110 Success in the Commandments of Allah

will commit any of these sins and is punished in this world, then that punishment will be an atonement for him. But if any of these sins are done and Allah conceals them, then his matter is with Allah; if He wants, He may forgive him, and if He wants, He may punish him. ('Ubadah ibne-Samit Radiyallahu 'anhu said) So we swore allegiance to him on that basis. (BukharI)

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185. Mu'adh Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam enjoined upon me ten things: Do not ascribe anything as a partner to Allah even though you may be killed and burnt; and do not disobey your parents even if they order you to leave your wife and spend all your wealth; and do not deliberately neglect any obligatory Salat, since he who deliberately neglects Salat is no longer within the responsibility of Allah; and do not drink wine, since indeed it is the root of every evil deed; and beware of disobedience for verily disobedience causes the wrath of Allah to descend; and beware of fleeing from the line of battle even though your companions die; and if people die (from a calamity like plague, etc.) and you are among them, stay where you are; and spend on your family according to your means; and do not refrain (from using) the cane in bringing (them) up with good habits; and make them fear Allah. (Musnad Ahmad) . Note: In this hadith the obedience of parents mentioned is the obedience of the highest level. Similarly not to ascribe anything as a partner to Allah even though one may be killed or burnt for it, is the highest level of steadfastness; whereas in such a state it is permissible to utter words of disbelief if the heart remains contented with Iman. (Mirqat)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

111 Success in the Commandments of Allah

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y v ~ • :~) ,..'iiI J,,-- "A,I'!.lA>~1 .;.,\>:-)~ y4 , ... )L>..,JI 186. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Anyone who believes in Allah' and His Messenger, establishes Salat, and fasts during Ramadan, Allah has taken it upon Himself to send him to Paradise; whether he was engaged in Jihad in the Path of Allah, or whether he remained in the land where he was born. The Sahabah inquired: 0 Rasulallah! Should we not give this good news to the people? Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied: (No, because) there are one hundred ranks in Paradise which Allah has prepared for those who engage in Jihad in the Path of Allah and between two ranks there is a distance equal to the distance between the earth and the sky. So, when you ask Allah for Paradise, ask Him for Firdaus, for it is the best and highest part of Paradise, above it is the Throne of the Compassionate One and from it the rivers of Paradise flow. (Bukharr)

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187. Abu Darda' Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who comes to Allah with Iman and having performed these five (deeds) will enter Paradise: He who regularly offered the five SaUlt at their prescribed time with properly performed ablution, bowing and prostrations; fasted during the month of Ramadan; performed Hajj if he had the means; paid Zakat gladly; and fulfilled the trust placed in him. It was asked: 0

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

112 Success in the Commandments of Allah

Rasiilallah! What does fulfilling the trust mean? Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam answered: To take bath after Janabah (a man is in a state of Janabah when semen is discharged out with passion while one is awake or asleep), for A:llah Subi)an~hii wa Ta'ala has not placed a trust with the son of Adam regardmg any religious deed except this purification (since this bath is a secret act that can only be performed by the Fear of Allah). (TabaranT)

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188. Fadalah ibne- 'Ubaid Al Ansari RaQiyallahu 'anhunarrates: I heard R~sUlunah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Whoever has Iman upon me, obeys me, and does I:Iijrah \migrates), I. assume responsibility for providing a house in the outskirts of Paradise ~nd_ a house in the midst of Paradise. And for a person, who has lman upon me, obeys me, and engages in Jihad in the P~th of AIla~, I assume responsibility for providing him with a house 10 the OU:Sklrts of Paradise a house in the midst of Paradise, and a house 10 the upper part ~f Paradise. Whosoever does this ha~ obtain~d goodness of every kind and is saved from evil of every kind and 10 whatever circumstances he dies (he will deserve Paradise). (Ibne-f!.ibban)

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189. Mu'adh ibne-Jabal RaQiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He who meets Allah in such a st~te that he does not ascribe any partner to Him, observes the five times Salat and fasts during the month of Ramadan, he will be forgiven. (Musnad Ahmad)

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

113 Success in the Commandments of Allah

,.'\, /Y.4.>-1 Ol.l) <..!...toWl) .~I ill t li,f)~) I: , :~ ~1 ~ ~ ~(. ~\S"j .s1f) 190. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who meets Allah in such a state that he had not associated any partner with Him, and had paid Zakat on his wealth gladly, expecting a reward thereof, and had listened to and obeyed (the Imam, leader of the Muslims), for him is Paradise. (Musnad Ahmad)

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,'\ Y' :~) '~lr';:"\.o.:r'J.;d.i.t..:-\.oYL!'~.:r-..!...t~iJw.!..!...t~ :JLi.l.s.l....fl1 191. Fadalah ibne-'Ubaid Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The Mujahid (one striving in the Path of Allah) is he who fights against his personal desires. (Tirrnidhi)

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Y' • /, ..uI.l)I~ "_,AI .loUt..:- )4.i!.l..!...t..b<;:JL!r.r'~ .l..,.-loU _,... .l4.i! :4.l 192. 'Utbah ibne-'Abd Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: If a person were to remain in prostration, from the day of his birth till the day he died, to please Allah 'Azza wa Jall, then despite this on the Day of Resurrection, he will consider this deed to be small. (Musnad Ahmad, Tabarani, Majma- 'uzZawaid)

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To , Y :~) '~J.4--1 _"".:r' J!l.l)i;1 y4 ,~~ 193. 'Abdullah ibne-'Amr Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He who has two habits will be reckoned by Allah as amongst the grateful and the

KAUMAlI TAYYIBAH

114 Success ill the Commandments of ;\lInh

patient. And if he does not possess these two habits, he will not be reckoned by Allah as amongst the grateful and patient: He who sees his superior in Islam and follows him, and sees one inferior in worldly things and then expresses his thanks to Allah, that out of His Mercy and Grace Allah has kept him in a better state. Then Allah reckons him amongst the grateful and patient. And he, who looks to his inferiors concerning religion, and looks to one superior in worldly riches, and expresses sorrow for getting less, then Allah will not record him as amongst the grateful and patient. (Tirmidhf)

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v t IV:~)" •• '.:r' _;""u.:f:'-'I,l..ul y4 '~01J) . ilSj, 194. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The world is a believer's prison, and an unbeliever's Paradise. (Muslim)

Note: For a believer the rewards and delights of Paradise which are there for him make this world like a prison; and for the unbeliever, -there is endless Punishment in the Hereafter and so this world is for

him like Paradise. (Mirqat)

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Y T I I :I,..i) ,~;i.....;:.JI)t:-J1 195. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: When captured enemy assets will be ~onsidered as one's own wealth; and property given in trust will be considered as booty for oneself; Zakat will be looked upon as a fine; knowledge will be acquired for worldly needs and gains and not for Islamic objectives; a man will obey his wife and disobey his mother; a man will brine his friends nearer and drive his rather far off; noises

b •

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

115 Success in. the Commandments of Allah

will be raised in the masjids; the most wicked of a tribe will become its ruler; the most worthless member of a people will become its leader; a man will be honoured for fear of the evil he may do; singing girls and musical instruments will come into vogue; drinking of wine will become common; and the later generations will begin to curse the previous generations; then wait, for red violent winds, earthquakes, swallowing up by the earth, defacement (of human faces), pelting of stones from the skies as rain, and a continuing chain of disasters followed one by another, like beads of a necklace falling one after the other rapidly when its string is cut. (Tirmidhi)

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, to/t~i 196. 'Uqbah ibne-tAmir Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: One who does evil deeds and ~fterwards keeps doing good deeds, is like a person wearing a tight armour which is choking him. When he does a good deed a ring is loosened, with the next good deed' a second ring is loosened, thus with every good deed the rings are loosened one after the other so the armour eventually falls to the ground. (Musnad Ahmad)

Note: It means that a sinner is tied in his sins, and is in a state of distress. By doing good deeds his ties of sins are progressively loosened and distress removed.

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KAUMAH TAYYIBAH

116 Success in the Commandments of Allan.

their sustenance is cut off; and when people do injustice in their decisions, bloodshed becomes widespread among them; and when people break their covenants, the enemy is imposed upon them. (Muatta Imam Malik)

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oth"'\.o.t11~,}~1 198. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu says that he heard a person saying: A cruel person only harms himself. Upon this Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu said: He not only harms himself, but I swear by Allah, that due to the cruelty of the oppressor the bustard (ruddy goose) withers away and perishes in its nest. (Baihaqi)

Note: The harm of cruelty is not restricted to the cruel person, but it is a source of widespread calamities of all sorts. Rains are stopped, even birds consequently do not find a single grain and ultimately perish in their nests out of sheer hunger.

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

117 Success in the Commandments of Allilh

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KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

118 Success in the Commandments of Allah

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199. Samurah ibne-Jundub Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam very often used to ask his companions: Did anyone of you have a dream? So one of them would narrate a dream, and Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam would interpret it. One morning Nab! Sall all ahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Last night two persons came to me (in a dream) and woke me up and said: Proceed with us. I proceeded with them and when we came across a man lying down, and then another man was standing over his head, holding a big rock, and he was throwing the rock at the man's head (who was lying down), crushing his head. The rock rolled away at the other end, the thrower followed it and brought it back. By the time he reached the man, his head had been restored to its normal state. The thrower then did the same as he had done before. I said to my companions: 'Subhdnallaht Who are these two persons? They said: Proceed! Proceed! So, we proceeded and came to a man lying flat on his back; and another man was standing over his head with iron pincers, and he would put the pincers in one side of the man's mouth, tearing that side of his face, his nose and eyes to the back of the neck, and similarly the same is done at the other side. He hardly completed one side when the other side is restored to its normal state, then he returns to the first side to repeat it. I asked my two companions: Sub/liinalliih! Who are these two persons? They said: Proceed! Proceed! So, we proceeded and came across some thing like a baking oven; Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said:

In that oven there was a lot of noise and screaming. We looked into it and found naked men and women, and a flame of fire reaching to them from underneath, and when it reached them they screamed loudly. I asked them: Who are these? They said: Proceed! Proceed! And so, we proceeded. Then we came across a river, like red blood. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam added: In the river there was a man swimming, and on the bank there was a man who

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

119 Success in the Commandments of Allah

had collected many stones. The swimming man went close to the man with the stones. The former opened his mouth and the latter (on the bank) threw a stone into his mouth, whereupon he went swimming again. He returned, and every time this was repeated. I asked my two companions: Who are these? They said to me:

Proceed! Proceed! And we proceeded till we came to a man with a repulsive appearance, the most repulsive appearance you would have ever seen! Beside him, there was a fire and he was kindling it and running around it. I asked my companions: Who is this (man)? They replied: Proceed! Proceed! So, we proceeded till we reached a garden of deep green dense vegetation, having all sorts of spring colours. In the midst of the garden there was a very tall man and I could hardly see his head because of his great height, and around him there were children, in such large numbers that I had never seen anything like it. I said to my companions: Who is this? They replied: Proceed! Proceed! So, we proceeded till we came to a majestic huge garden, larger and better than any I had ever seen! My two companions said to me: Go up and ascend. Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam added: So we ascended till we reached a city built of gold and silver bricks, and we went to its gate, and it was opened and we entered the city and found in it, men with one half of their bodies as handsome as the most handsome person you had ever seen. The other half of their bodies as ugly as the most ugly person you had ever seen. My two companions ordered those men to jump into the river. There was a river flowing across (the city), and its water was as white as milk Those men-went and dipped themselves in it and when they returned to us, their ugliness had disappeared and they became handsome. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam further added: My two companions then pointing, said to me, that is your place, the Jannat-ul- 'Adan. I raised my sight, and there I saw a palace like a white cloud! My two companions told me: That (palace) is your palace. I said to them: ~~, ~)~ (May Allah bless you both.) Let me enter it. They replied: Not now, but you shall enter it (one day). I said to them: I have seen many wonders tonight. What does all this mean? They replied: We will inform you. As for the first man you came upon, whose head was being crushed with the rock, he is the symbol of the one who memorizes the Qur' an and then neither recites it nor acts on its orders, and sleeps neglecting the obligatory Salat. And for the man you came upon whose sides of

KALIMAH TAYYIBAH

120 Success in the Commandments of Allllh

mouth, nostrils and eyes were tom off from front to back, he is the symbol of the man who goes out of his house in the morning and tells so many lies that it spreads all over the world. And those naked men and women, whom you saw in an oven-like structure, are the fornicating men and women. The man whom you saw swimming in the river and who was given a stone to swallow, is the eater of RiM (usury), and the ugly looking man whom you saw near the fire kindling it and going round it, is Miilik, the Warden of Hell, and the tall man whom you saw in the garden, is Ibrahim 'Alaihis Salam, and the children around him are those children who die with the natural faith with which every child is born. The narrator added: Some Muslims asked Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam: 0 Rasulullahl What about the polytheist's children? Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied: And also polytheist's children. Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam added: The men you saw half handsome and half ugly, were those persons who along with good deeds had also done evil deeds but Allahforgave them. (Bukhari).

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' .... ;u_ioIJ) ~;.f.~i 200. Abu Dhar and Abu Darda' Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrate that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: I will indeed recognize my Ummah among all other Ummahs on the Day of Resurrection. The Sahabah said: 0 Rasiilallah! How would you recognize your people? He said: I will recognize them by their book of deeds in their right hands; I will recognize them from their shining faces due to the prostration marks on their foreheads; and I will recognize them by a light running in front of them .. (Mu~nad Ahmad)

Note: This light will be the light of Iman of every believer, which will be in proportion to the strength of his Iman. (Kashf-ur-Rahman)

SA/AT

121

Obligatory Prayers

SALAT



PRAYERS

In order to benefit directly from the Power of Allah Ta 'alii, by fulfilling the Commandments, of Alliih Ta'ala in the way of Rasalullah Sallallahu 'alaihi was allam, $aliit is the most important and

basic action

OBLIGATORY PRAYERS

VERSES OF QUR' AN

AIHih Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Verily Salat restrains (oneself) from immorality and all that is

forbidden. Al-r Ankabut 29: 45

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

Indeed, those who believe and do righteous deeds, and establish Salat

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$ALAT

and give Zakat; their reward

is with their Rabb (Sustainer & Cherisher), and neither fear shall come upon them, nor will they

grieve. AI-Baqarah 2: 277

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala said to His Prophet Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam:

Tell My slaves who have believed, to establish Salat and spend from what We have provided them, secretly and publicly, before a Day comes in which there shall be no trading (i.e. ransom exchange), nor any friendship. Ibrahim 14: 31

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala quoted in Quran supplication of Ibrahim 'alaihis salam as:

o My Rabb! Make me an establisher of Salat, and from my descendents also. Our Rabb! And accept my Du'a (supplication).

Ibrahim 14: 40

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala said to His Prophet Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam:

Perform Salat from midday till the darkness of the night (i.e. Zuhr, 'Asr, Maghrib and 'Isha prayers) and recite the Qur'an in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur' an in the early dawn is witnessed (by

angels). AI-Isra' 17: 78

122

Obligatory Prayers

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$ALAT

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says: (mentioning a virtue of successful believers)

And they who carefully maintain (and are mindful of) their Salat.

Al-Mu'rninun 23: 9

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says: o you who believe! When the Adhdn is called for the prayer on the day ofJumu'ah (Friday), then hasten to the remembrance of Allah and leave all trading (and other engagements) aside. That is better for you, if you but knew.

AI-Jumu'ah 62: 9

AI1ADITH

123

Obligatory Prayers

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. a at, _ to give Zakat, 4) to perform Hajj, and 5) to fast (Saum) in

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$ALAT'

124

Obligatory Prayers

Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: It has not been revealed to me that I should amass wealth and be amongst the merchants, but it has been revealed to me: Glorify and praise your Rabb and be amongst those who prostrate themselves to Him and worship your Rabb till the certainty (death) comes to you. (Sharh-hus-Sunnah, Mishkat-ul-Masabth)

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3. 'Abdullah Ibne- 'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that in reply to a question of Jibrail about Islam Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Islam is bearing witness that none is worthy of worship but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and that you establish Salat, and give Zakat, and perform Hajj to the House of Allah and perform Urnrah, and take bath after Janabali and perform complete Wudu, and Saum in Ramadan, Jibr'atl then said:

If I do all of that, then am I a Muslim? He replied: Yes. Jibr'all then confirmed: You have spoken the truth. (Ibne-Khuzaimah)

Note: A person is in the state of Janabah after intercourse, or discharge of semen with passion while he is awake or asleep.

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~ ~l ~~,:; ~(.:; P' ~~ 'y?J:;~ ~f ~ Jf ll;l9 0~ 0~J 'y~:;

, ~t~/t.J~'ji-,.....!o.}~ioiJ) '~~':;~~'J~ ,,,::7:;

4. Qurrah ibne-Da'rnus Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that we met Nabf Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam during the Farewell Hajj and asked: 0 Rasulallah! What do you enjoin upon us? He replied: I enjoin upon you to establish Salat, and give Zakat, and perform Hajj of the Sacred House of Allah, and Saum in Ramadan, as verily therein is a night superior to a thousand months; and likewise prohibit you from shedding the blood of a Muslim and a Mu 'iihid or taking their

. property except to uphold justice; and advise you to hold fast to that

125

Obligatory Prayers

Deen of Allah and adhere to obedience (of those who are steadfast in Deen). (BaihaqT)

Note:. A Mu 'ahi~ literal1y mean one who has entered into a treaty or alliance, refen.·mg to a non-m~slim living in an Islamic country u~der the protecnon of the Islamic State, having entered into a pact wIth. the state known as a pact of Dhimmah, As a token of his allegiance and submission to the state, he pays a minimal annual tax known as Jizyah, far less than the benefits and protection that is secu~ed forh.iIll. He is also known by the titre of Dhimmi, A nonmush~ entenng the Islamic State for a temporary period, under the prot~ct~on and guarantee of any Muslim, similarly enjoys protection

of hIS life, wealth and dignity. .

The .life, wealth, and honour of every Muslim as well as nonmushms under the conditions previously mentioned are deemed sacred an~ protected, with the exception of crimes that require compensation for the same, such as the death penalty for the murderer, and monetary compensation for destruction of another's property etc.

t.~jg~I~It.~ :~~IJ~ :J~~~I~)~II~J.j!~~-o

,; ..... J

r1 ./r~loIJJ .j~I§~1 5. Jab~ i~ne-~~bdullah Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that NabI Sallallahu _ a.lalhl wasallam said: The key to Paradise is Salat and the key to Salat IS WuQU. (Musnad Ahmad)

~JAJ) .§~I~~~j~ :~~IJ~)J~ :J~~'.f»I~)~~_,\

,

rr'l' :~J,.WI"'-YI.!,';WIOIJJ (~..I.>JI 6. Anas Ra~iyaIHlhu 'anhu narrates that Rasi1lullah Sallallahu 'alaihi ~asal~am said: The comfort and delight of my eyes has been placed 10 Salat. (Nasan.

4"W'.}~Jo!io'JJ.';'lh~~g~, J'!~~IJ~)J~ :J~~~I~)~~_V

, y • / y ~I t'1.o:J1 '':''- ~~ JAJ ? '~~ar RaQiyall~hu 'anhu narrates that Rasi1lullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: Salat is a pillar of Deen. (Hilyat-ul-Awliya Ja ._

'u~-SaghTr) ., rru

I

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126

Obligatory Prayers

'.f»1 ,;i, j~1 a~1 :~ ~I y~) ~-}S ~T ~IS' :J~ ~'.f»I~) ~ ~ -/\

0'0 '\ :~) ,.!l ;,..,J1,y- .}YI.! ,~jl~ y.1 01)) .~~J ~ ~ 8. 'AlI Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that the last words of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam were: As-Saliit, as-Salat;' fear Allah about those whom your right hand possesses (your slaves and subordinates). (Abu Dawud)

Note: i Vigilantly observe, guard and establish Salat.

~ :~ J~ ,~~~ ~J ,~~:p1 ~ ~I tl ~'.f»I~) i:.~l ~J ~ -~ ~ ~~ ,4i.1~.dJ I~ 1;:. :J~ ~:r: :J~ ,I: :-? ~ 1;:. :J~ ,~~1 !~I J~)

, ,

, ~ ,,-; ",,,..' J" :. ~.. "."...." _,. "' ... J' )0-;",

OlJ) (~..I.>JI~ YOJ) .§_,.L:Al1 jAl '-!~.:f q..u ~L"~ ~ ~ ~ ~IJ

, '

1'1'r/t .ulJ}I~'';I_"JallJ~1 9. Abu Urnamah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam returned from Khyber and with him were two slaves. So,' Ali Radiyallahu 'anhu said: 0 Rasiilallah! Grant us a servant. He replied: Take anyone you desire of the two. 'Ali said:

Choose for me. Rastilullah pointing to one said: Take him, but do not beat him; for I saw him offering Salat 011 our return from Khyber, and I have been forbidden to beat those who perform Salat. (Musnad Ahmad, Tabaranr, Majma'uz-Zawaid)

~ :J~ ~ i»1 J~) ~ :J~ ~ '1»1 ~) ~~I 0 a;~ ~ -, · ~ ij ~J ~~ ;~J ; ~~j :;..;.1 :;. '~J~ '.f»1 ~)I ~IJL. 'P~~~~ ,¥i»1J:s.4!~~~:;'J ,41 ~~( ¥i»1J:s.4!~1S',~ #J

1 yo :~) ,.::.ol}.Ali J.&-i.lo.i1.>o.J1 y4 '~JI~)!i olJ) .~~ ~~ ~r, ,;J lO. 'Ubadah ibne-Samit Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Five times Salat has been made mandatory by Allah 'Azza wa Jall, He who performs his WUQu well, and offers ~a1at at their appointed time, performing complete Ruku', and with fear and devotion, for such there is a covenant from Allah, thai i ie will forgive him; and the one who does not do so, no covenant lor him is with Allah. If He wills, He may forgive him and if He wills, He may punish him. (Abu Dawud)

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127

Obligatory Prayers

-?1~1Js.J:j~:; :J~ l3~IJ~)~r~~I~)&~~li~~ _"

AIJ).JlJlle.;~";'~liI~IAI'';IA~~J'I~,,-O'<-'-I~.oil'''':' 0', ',;;" 0,0

, .s- \ J ,. " J. '.J'-'. T:.J"' )J ~ JI' J "" f:.¥'J.s- ~1

"'\V/t~i 11. I:I~n~al~h ~l. Usaidr Rac;liyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah

~allallahu _ aI.fihl was_all~msaid: .The person who guards the five tlIl~~S Sal~t, Its W~?u, l.tS prescnbed time, its proper Rukii' and

Sujiid, while perceivmg It to be the Right of 'Alla-h on h' he j

ii' bidd . im, e IS

or 1 en upon FIre. (Musnad Ahmad)

_ . . H":~)

12. !'bu_ Qatadah ibne-Rih-r Radiyallahu 'anhu reported that

Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam narrates in a Hadith Q d - that Allah. 'Az.za waJall has said: Verily, I have enioined upon :o~; Umrnah five times Salat, and I have taken upon myself an oath that anyone w~o o~serv~s them at their appointed time, I shall admit him mto Paradise; If anyone does not offer, them regularly there is no such g_ua!antee from Me for him (I may punish him or forgive him) (Abu Dawud) .

J.;. ~~, ~r~:; :J~ l3 ~1 J~) ~(~~1~) ~~ J. ~~ ~ _, r

" ... , . ""

1·11 ~1- ~o.!"'. -.' .. " 0

) r. J . ; J . .J---" t.Y" :JIj.v1 'i! ~J!rJ .ul~~j.) ~r.:r../»I ~ olJ) .~1~; ~lj

, _', . 'Of"JJIJ)I~,O_,A1.J".u~)J'O~

13. U~hm~n l~n~- Affan Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sal~allahu ~lalhi wasallam said: He who believes that Salat is the ob!l_gator~ ng~t (of Allah) will enter Paradise. (Musnad 'Ahmad Ab

Ya la, Bazzar, M;uma'uz-Zawilid) . , ou

J.;J1~~~~JJr :l3~IJ~)J~ :J~~~I~),f.:JJ.~14~-H .I1_"kl1 AIJ) . ~~ ~l.:J J..:j ~J..:j ~G ,~~ ~l.:J ~ c;.L. ~~ a~, ~~1 ~ Ji

,. t of' ~.rJI './»I.l.!..ilA~L.....\! ...... 4'iJ.Jo..., iJI.)

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Obligatory Prayers

14. 'Abdullah ibne-Qurt Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: On the Day of Judgement, the first thing a slave of Allah will be held accountable for is Salat. If it is found sound and satisfactory, the rest of his deeds will also be soundand satisfactory, and if found corrupt and rotten, then the rest of his deeds will also be corrupt and rotten. (Tabaranl, TarghIb)

O"'f"JJIJ)IF,":"\Al.u~)J}_;.,JIAIJ) .J~~Q~::', :J~ 15. Jabir Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that a man said to Nabl Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam: Verily so and so offers Salat, then at the break of dawn he steals. He replied: Shortly his Salat will prevent him from that sin. (Bazzar, Majma'uz-Zawaid)

:;..;.ti G,Ji 11~ ~1 ~~ :l3 ~1 J~j J~ :J~ ~ 'liIl ~) ~W:. ~ -"

_.. _.. J. ....... 1 J .J"' .. ;;.. ",," ... '" ;;...- J J,"

~(j~ :Jlij "jjYll.iA ~~ W" Q~~ -.:..J~ ,~I-?'j.L.aJ' ~ (tJ,~ _;..:., yl

~ ')~ ~1 " -?\;.Jl ~~ ~1 ~~ "~1 :; Uljj )~I Jj, ~ ~1

'" ..-....-

t "v/o~tOIJ) (~.l.>Jly. j?' J" J) .(' H:~ J")k:;'f'~ 16. Salman Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasaIlam said: Verily a Muslim, when he performs Wudu and performs it excellently, then offers the five times Salat, his sins are shed just as these leaves shed. Then, he recited:

.s ')~ ~1 j, -?4:Jl ~~ ~1 0l j, ~1:; UljJ )~1 Jj, s ~I ~rJ

,... "',... _. ;;

'.0 <"1.ill ,jI.~ ,

And perform Sali'it at the two ends of the day and in some hours of the night (the five mandatory Salat); verily good deeds remove evil deeds. This is a reminder (advice) for the mindful (those who accept advice). (Hud 11: 114)

(Musnad Ahmad) Note: According to some scholars, 'two ends' means two parts. The first part stands for Fajr Salat , and the second part for Zuhr and 'Asr Salat. Performing Salat in some hours of the night stands for Maghrib and 'Isba Salat, (TafsIr ibne-Kathlr)

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129

'Obligatory Prayers

'~I ~IPI :J~ ~\S' $ ~I J~) ~I ~ '.fill ~) ~;.; ~J ~ -, V ,~oIJ) ·l~1 I'. ::~I '~l~ ~ ~I~ ,~~) Jt 0~») '~I Jt ~I)

OOY:~)" ••• ~I';"I_,.L....Jly~ 17. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The five times Sala; and the prayer of Friday to Friday, and the fasting of Ramadan to Ramadan, are atonements for sins that have been committed between them, provided the sinner avoids major sins. (Muslim).

,?IPI~~~J$.~~:; :f3~IJ~)J~ :J~~'.fiII~)~;.;~J~ -H,

'1I./Y~,j~J'",:r.loIJ) (I!.tWI) .~~I~~~,?~~I 18. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who guards the obligatory Salat will not be written amongst the neglectful. (lbne Khuzaimah)

:; :J~ ,~y.h\ill j~:Jj :$ ~';f $~I~) Jrs- ~ ~I 4 ~ -'II,

, 0 ' ...

~) )j:J~~ t+.'''~~~;;) '~~I~ Y.~~) d3lAji) l)j:J ':";\S'4-j~~~

,j.jI_"kJI)~!OI)) .~ ~ ~f) ~~IA) ~;} ~ ~~I ~y.~\S') J~~) '~lAji

,. '/YJ.i'))I~'';''I.ii~iJ~)J,.b....i~I)_,..,s:JI 19. 'Abdullah ibne-'Arnr Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that one day, Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam mentioned Salat and said: For him who remains mindful of his Salat, it will be a light and an argument in his favour and a means of his salvation on the Day of Judgement; and for him who is not mindful of his Salat, there shall be neither a light, nor an argument in his favour, nor a means for his salvation. And on the Day of Judgement, he will be with Fir'aun, Haman and Ubayy ibne-Khalaf. (Musnad Ahmad, TabaranT, Majma'uzZawaid)

Note: Fir'aun was the king of Egypt at the time of MOsa 'Alaihis salarn, Haman was his minister, and Ubayy ibne-Khalaf was an ardent idolater and adversary of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam.

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130

Obligatory Prayers

01)) :YQ,"/'~I,jJ\i :'4';"~I,j)"II./II_,..,s:JI,j.jI_"kJIOI)) j~I~~ $~I

~I J~ ).u~)) )I_;.,ll J.jl _"kJI 20. Abu Malik Al Ashja'f narrates from his father Radiyallahu 'anhuma, who said that whenever a man accepted Islam during the time of Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi was allam, the Sahabah used to teach him Salat, (Tabarani)

J. ... '" J. '"

~y. :J~~~~\$.:lh~ !~IJ~)4:~ :J\i~~'~)~~(~5~ -~,'

\.:.!)J.?-I!.t~y~, .:r-~~I.iA :JI.i) ... .i.or!1 01)) .,?~~I ,?IjJ~1 ;.;) 'f~I q;ul

,. t .... :~)' •••• u,J JS"' 21. Abu Umamah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam was asked: 0 Rasulallah! At what time is Du 'a the most readily listened to and accepted? He replied: The one made during the course of latter part of the night, and after the obligatory Salat, (Tirmidhi)

, ::::.il !I)~I'J' o~'t1i;i.filIJ' 0,,' ':Jj~~I~-""& :Jjl~.)~-n

..r-- ~ . ~ ~ , jMJ ) ~ \.:>;) ~ ',Io>~

.I'~~'-' .t 0" o'~~'IA:~:0\S'~' ~ljJ' c.;H ·~.fiIIJ°':")' J~;J,~lJ~)~

~J~~rJ:I ~ .) .)',.r 1° .',

.,. - " _,.:' ..- "" .... O-::.J _,

*' ~.LJSj ~;JIJI &~I ~~~'.fiI1 s.G. ~ ~ ~ 41~;~~! I~~ '1~! ~

~ i '.# )~:.: .1:' \$.~ ~ ~ ws- ~~I ~j_sj ,~); ~ ~ ~1 01S' ~~. :hl 01S' ~ :J '.fill }$. )i:.: ·1 ~~ ~ ~ :4 ~Ij) _,..,s:JI).b.... )"JI,j .j1_"kJI) )I_;.,ll 01)) . ~ 01S'

,. Y /Y J.i1))1 ~ ,~I J~ ).u~ )~) ,.;..\.i.IlI ,j<J~.;r.1 0 f~~) ,:r.1iI1 ~ : ~ J ~ 22. Abu Sa'Id Al Khudrl Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: The five Salat are an atonement f~r the minor sins committed between them. Then he said:

A man goes to work and between his house and his place of work are five streams. When he reaches his place of work and labours there to the extent, that Allah willed, he becomes dirty and sweaty. Then, (on his way back) he passes by the streams, bathing in all, and this repeated bathing leaves no dirt or sweat on him. Salat is just like that. Whenever, someone commits a sin, and performs Salat, makes Du'a, and asks forgiveness, then he is forgiven for the sins he committed preceding the Salat, (Bazzar, Tabaranj, Majma'uz-Zawaid)

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131

Obligatory Prayers

:k~J u~ §~ JS';'~ ~ ~I Li~i :J~ ~~I~) ~u i- ~J ~ -y~ :J~ ,\WI ~ ~t.:a.i~1 ~~) ~I) :J~ :k~J ~jl ~~j ~J u~ ~~j :k~J ~~'1»1 IJ~j :k~J ~ g~ JS' ;; ~ I~ ~I ~ ~I J~) (J') I':~~' '-- J,~II :i::.r '.' ~ ~ ~ I :i::.~ .J' ~ , -: .J' ~~'. '~~ ~'II ,~2;' ..w~., y-: JIY-rJ ~. '('"'U . .~ J .) Jr-""J

J." '" . ""- J""::: ..- , _ ... .-

~I .} .\.:0:-,", 4.:.0 ..,..4 '~~..I?-I..lA :Jli J IS..\... _;:ll olJ) .I;WI : JIA.! ~W ~&f!1 rP-

~h.: • ...::s::J1 J'~ &' 'IS..\... _;:ll.,r-- JA J ~I t'~I,,. t ,,.:~) ,~WI ~ ~IJ ~IJ 23. .Zaid ibne-Thabit Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that we were commanded by Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam to say after every obligatory Salat, Subhdnalldh (Glory be to Allah who is above all faults) 33 times, Alhamdulilldh (Praise be to Allah) 33 times, and Alliihuakbar (Allah is the Greatest) 34 times. One Ansari dreamt that someone asked him: Has Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam commanded you to say Subhiinallah 33 times, Alhamdulilliih. 33 times, and Alliihuakbar 34 times after every obligatory Salat? He (the An~iirl) said: Yes. The voice in the dream said: Make it 25 times each, and add with it: La ildha illalldn (None is worthy of worship but Allah) 25 times.

In the morning, when he went and narrated his dream to Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, the Prophet said: Do so. (Tirmidhr)

~~ ~ : I)~ ,~~I J~) 1):;'f;'~1 ~I~ 01 ~'1»I~) a;.~ ~J ~ - y t ,~~ J~ :I)~ ~!ll~ (oj ;J~ .~:§~jl i-~~Ij ~I ~G:-)~~~')~I JA\

, "

~I :~~IJ~)J~ .~~jJ#j,~W~jJ):~j,~~~J;~j

~t ~ ~I ~ 2> 'h ~j ~;.S-~:; ~ J);' ~j ,~:; ~ J i ~jj ~ ~i ~JJ~jJJ~jJ~ :J~ !~IJ~)~,~ :I)~ .~':.t'(o~~:; ~ ~I ~~) JtJf;'~1 ~I~~) :d~) J~ j~ :k~J ~ ,g~ JS' ;;

, ,

~1J.::d~1 :~~'J~)J~,~,);~,~~~';~'~IGj';:'l~ :I)~

,,.tV:~)" ••• o')L..oJI~}".llI..,..~1""'4'~OIJ) .~~:;~] 24. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that once some poor emigrants came to Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and said:

The rich have attained the highest ranks and eternal bounties of

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132

Obligatory Prayers

Allah. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: How is that? They replied: They offer Salat like we offer Salat, and they fast like we fast, and they give charity and we cannot give charity, and they set slaves free and we cannot set slaves free. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Should I not teach you something through which you would join those who surpassed you; and keep ahead of those who are after you, and nobody can be better than you unless he also does the same? The Sahabah said: Do tell us. So, Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Recite Subhiinalldh, Alhamdulilldh, and Alldhuakbar thirty three times each, after every obligatory Salat. Abu Salih said: The poor emigrants returned to Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and said: Our rich brothers have heard what we did, and have done the same. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam then said: This is Allah's blessing which He bestows on whosoever He wills. (Muslim)

u~g~JS' ;;~'1»I~:; :~~I~~)~~~I~)a;.~~J~ -yo ~w :J~j ,J y:. !J i;;~ ~il~'~J u~'1»1 7.j ~J u~'1»1 ~j ':k~J

0" ... ... J. ',.. , J. .. 0 ,'" .J. 0 0 J"''';' .... , .. ... '" ,;; '" I _' .... 0

.::J:# <j~~ *~ J5' ~ JAj ~I 41j cl4J1 41 41 cl!r ~ ~~)'.IiI1 ~1.u1 ~ : ~~I

,,.,, y :~),~':ll.!JO')L..oJI~}" .ll1..,..~1..,..4 ,~OIJ) .;JI-:4j~':";!S' ~G ~41k.;:. 25. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who recites Subhdnalldn (Glory be to Allah who is above all faults) 33 times, Alhamdulilliili (Praise be to Allah) 33 times and Alliihuakbar (Allah is Greatest) 33 times, which makes a total of 99 times, and then recites once (the following) to complete 100, his sins will be forgiven, even if they are as much as the foam of the sea.

fi~ s~ JS' ~ ~j ~I 4Jj ~i jl4J 4J~;' ~ ~~)'1»1 ~l All ~

None is worthy of worship but Allah, He is One, He has no partner, His is the Kingdom, and for Him is all the Praise, and He has power over all things,

(Muslim)

4 J. ';')1 ~I -~~ jt- ~I ~i 01 fs ~I .;..;.31 J. ~I ~ - y" c:~~~ ~ ~I J~)Y~( :'~~~~,it~,~~'~~:;'1»'~)'J~'

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Obligatory Prayers

~ ~~ d ;~ ~t ~dLJ ~ ~ ~ ~~ u jjj ~ ~I ~~) ~ 4~J ~tJ vi ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ J:s. ~~L ~J 'J~ ~Gi ~ :~ ~I J~) J~ '~I

, ,

»J ~J ~ ~'*J u~J ~~~,*J uSU g*'" JS' )tJ:s.'.ii1l ;:'~Lcl!1 OIJ) .::;,~~~JS' J:s.~J ~I41J~'I~I41 ,41 cit_,!. "i ~~J'.i»1 ~14lJ '§J ~~

'" ",...'-

y ~"v:~)" ••• ~I ~ toPl)".}""'4'~ JI~ y.i 26. Fadl ibne-Hasan Damrt Rahimahullah says that one of the two daughters of Zubair ibne-'Abdul Muttalib, Umme Hakam or Duba'ah, Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that some prisoners were brought to Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. I, my sister and, Fatima, daughter of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, went to him and explained our difficulties, and asked for some prisoners for (domestic) help. Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: As for the servants, the orphans of Badr are more deserving than you, but I will tell you something better than a servant; after every Salat, recite:

Subhanalliin (Glory be to Allah. Who is above all faults), Alhamdulilldh (Praise be to Allah) and Alliihuakbar (Allah IS Greatest) 33 times each, and recite once ( the following):

::;.~ ~~JS' J:s. ~J~I 41Jclj~I4141cit_,!."i ~~J'.i»1 ~l4.lJ '§

, ' ,

None is worthy of worship but Allah; He is One, He has no partner, His is the Kingdom, and for Him is all the Praise, and He has power over all things.

(Abu Dawud)

:,1 ,~~~~~~d ~L:1~ :J~ ~~I~~)~~'.i»1~)~~';'~~ -~V

, '

J J. ~;.$J" '" "'.- ."'?.. ... "Ill"'? .. ...., ~..... ... J.' . ..

~I(" ',)'''! 0" - ' .. ~' ~'I' o~ '. ''''H' u ..... IV ~ '. ''''1;' ,"'l~ .". ~1,,-'1 I.J'" ! IS -; ~ J .J J' -, ~JIJ J IJIJ J' _; ~JIJ J IJJIJ .~ ...

H'o. :~)"'" a')l...olI..lA!}'.uI""'~1""'4'rl--oIJ) . g*"" 27. Ka'b ibne-'Ujrah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Some phrases, when said after Salat, are such that whoever says them will never be disappointed. These are Subhdnalldh. (Glory be to Allah Who is above all faults) 33 times, Alhamdulilliin (Praise be to Allah) 33 times and Alliihuakbar (Allah is the Greatest) 34 times after every obligatory Salat. (Muslim)

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Obligatory Prayers

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, ,

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~l! ,ZGI~.~ ~ ~ .u ~IJ LiIJ :..:.JlAt ,~~li ~~li ~ .;l~1 '.ii.lI

~-'J' 41t.:.J~t~IJ' ~t.'J' .. ~~ :CJ~~~~I..~.ll~~~ :J~,~; ~II

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J' ~',IJ :~'.i»I:.-J:>',~ Ie.J' ~,~~G.:{~,41U~~I :CJ~,~~~ :J' ~

J-.,I" \.:>; J~ ........ .... ,..

~jj~jj :~'.i»'~)4~CJ~J'~~~~'?~;':'~ !~I "i ~IJ :~ ~I J~) J~ ,c~ti ~J ~'.i»1 !l ~I? jjJ ,ZGI~ ~ J;-

,

'" ~ J'" I ... ~ J .,.... , J. ' 0;;, p.... '" J J

.~ ~~1e. -: ··1" '. i -<("I' ,'.. ~~Ie '- ··1 ~ ki ~. .'.I..~ '.I..~ U::aJl 'I .. i' ~i' ~i

~~J~~J ~~ ; ~~->r-, IT't J -,

,'- ~~,S:j ¢:,jj ~ 11l I~f~:?i ~ ~~ jjJ ,~ ~I ~u~ ~) ,~WI

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,.'\/'~ioIJ) .~~"iJ'~~I)I 28. Saib Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates from 'Ali Radiyallahu 'anhu that when Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam married him to Fatima Radiyallahu 'anha, she was seen-off with (a dowry of) a bed sheet, a leather pillow filled with date-bark, two grindstones, a leather water bag, and two large earthen pots. 'Ali Radiyallahu 'anhu one day said to Fatima Radiyallahu 'anha: I swear by Allah! Due to pulling of buckets from the well, I feel pain in my chest. Allah has sent some prisoners to your father, go and ask him for a servant. Fatima Radiyallahu 'anha said: My hands are also calloused due to turning the grindstone. At that, she went to Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. He asked: Dear daughter, what brought you here? She said: "I have come to offer my Salam". But due to her shyness, she could not ask him anything and returned. 'Ali Radiyallahu 'anhu

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asked her: What happened? She said: I felt shy to ask him. Then we went to Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam together. 'An Radiyallahu 'anhu said: 0 Rasulallah! Due to drawing water from the well I feel pain in my chest. . Fatima Radiyallahu 'anha said: Due to frequently turning the grindstone my hands are calloused; Allah has sent you slaves and granted some ease; please give us a servant. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: I swear by Allah! I will not give you; the people of Suffah are suffering pangs of hunger, and I have nothing to spend on them. Therefore, I will sell these slaves and spend that money on the people of Suffah. So we returned. At night both of us were sleeping in a small blanket such that when our heads were covered, our legs used to bare, and when our legs were covered, our heads used to be exposed. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam came to us. Both of us started to get up hurriedly. He said: Remain at your place. You asked for a servant, should I not tell you something better than what you asked? We said: Do tell us. He said:

. Jibrail 'Alaihis Salam has taught me a few words. Both of you say after every Salat, ten times Subhdnalliih (Glory be to Allah who is above all faults), ten times Alhamdulilldh (Praise be to Allah), and ten times Alliihuakbar (Allah is the Greatest). And when you lie down on your bed, then say 33 times Subhdnalliih, 33 times Alhamdulillali and 33 times Alldhuakbar, 'All Radiyallahu 'anhu said: I swear by Allah! Ever since Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam taught me these words, I have never forgotten to say them. Ibnul Kawa' Rahimahullah asked him: And not even on the night of the Battle of Siffin? He said: May Allah curse you! 0 people of Iraq! Yes, and not even on the night of the Battle of Sifftn. (Musnad Ahmad)

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.;t.1 Ol)j .~4? ~ ~ Jlj. ')Ij ~:} ~~j ,~~ ~I j;jj ~~? ,1jS- :$;,

'l'ot/o~~~ :JA-.lIJ\,i.,-,\.,?- 29. Abdullah ibne-'Amr Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Two qualities are such that if a Muslim adopts them, he will certainly enter Paradise. Both of them are easy but those who practice them are very few. One is that after every Salat say Subhiinallan (Glory be to Allah Who is above all faults) ten times, Alhamdulilldh (Praise be to Allah) ten times, and Allahuakbar (Allah is the Greatest) ten times. 'Abdullah says: I saw Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam counting them on his fingers. Rasillullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: This means one hundred and fifty on the tongue and fifteen hundred on the scale of deeds. (The second quality is that) When one goes to bed he says Subhdnalldh, Alhamdulilldh and Alliihuakbar for a total of one hundred times. These are one hundred on the tongue and one thousand on the Scale, so who would be committing two thousand five hundred sins in a day?

'Abdullah Radiyallahu 'anhu asked: 0 Rasiilallah! Why is it that these two qualities are not adopted? He replied: The Shaitan comes to one while he is in Salat and says remember so and so, remember so and so, until he becomes pre-occupied and thus becomes unmindful of saying these words; and Shaitan comes to him on his bed and continuously lulls him to sleep. (Ibne-liibban)

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30. Mu 'adh ibne-Jabal Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam took his hand and said: 0 Mu'adh! I swear by Allah, indeed I love you. Then he said: 0 Mu'adh! I advise you never to forget saying these words after every Salat.

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o Allah! Help me in remembering You, and in thanking You, and in attaining excellence in worshiping You.

(Abu Dawud)

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~ J. J. .,..- "';.. ,,, .... '" '" J '"

JS' ;'~~&-j5JI~Ti}:; :~~:i.\lJ~)Jli :Jli~~I~)~~i~i:;' -,.,

,I •• :~),ll,UIH_,.lI~'}JWloIJ) .~~~H~~,yy:.~~~~,~~§~

I Y All • .lJIJ)I~,¥.lA~!J..I.,ll..~Jo...,J~IJ_,.,.,s:JI.}_;IJ'.b.lioIJ) ~hl\l ~jJ:~I)).}J 31. Abu Umamah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who recites .lyatul Kursi after every obligatory Salat, nothing but death restrains him from entering Paradise. In another narration: Qui hii walldhu Ahad is to be recited after Ayatul Kursi. ('Amalul Yaumi wal Lailah by Nasal, Tabaranl , Majma'uzZawaid)

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HA/I • .lJIJ)! 32. Hasan ibne-' Ali Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who recites Ayatul Kursi after obligatory Salat, is in the protection of Allah till the next Salat, (Tabaranr , Majma 'uz-Zawaid)

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Ito I I • .lJIJ)1 ~ I¥. o.)lo...!J Jo..., J~IJ 33. Abu Ayyub Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that whenever I offered Salat behind Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, I heard him saying this Du 'a after completing his Salat

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o Allah! Forgive all my mistakes and sins. 0 Allah! Uplift me, and correct my shortcomings, and guide me towards good deeds and excellent manners; no one except You can guide towards good, nor turn away from evil.

(Tabaranl, Majma 'uz-Zawaid)

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OIJ) .GI~~i-~:J.I~:; :J~ ~~'J~)ti~'.ilI'~)~Y~J:;. -"f

ov t :~) 'f..A.lio _,J....>J-:<o.i y4 ,..s)1.>..,l1 34. Abu Musa Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who offers the Salat of two cool times, enters Paradise. (Bukhari)

Note: The Salat of two cool times refers to 'Asr, the beginning of the cooler hours of the day, and Fajr which is at the end of the cool hours of the night. Fajr Salat is difficult to offer because of the tendency to go to sleep at this time, and 'Asr is difficult because this is the time of intense worldly pre-occupation. He who is constant in performing these two Salats will more easily maintain the other three. (Mirqat-ul-MafiitTIJ)

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35. Ruwaibah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Undoubtedly he will not enter Hell-Fire, who has offered Salat before the rising of the sun, and before its setting; that is Fajr and 'Asr, (Muslim)

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36. Abu Dhar Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasillullah Sallallahu

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'alaihi wasallam said: Whoever after Fajr Salat, while maintaining the posture of sitting in Salat and before talking with anyone, says ten times:

:;'~~~JS' Js. ~J 1~:~!J~~I:JJ~i~l:J ,:Jcl!;'~ ~~J'~I~~J~ ~

None is worthy of worship but Allah, He is alone, He has no partner, His is the Kingdom, for Him is all the Praise, He alone gives life, and He alone gives death, and He has power over everything.

Then, ten virtues are recorded for him, and ten sins are erased, and his ranks are raised by ten degrees, and he is protected from every undesirable and unpleasant thing and also from Shaitan, and that day he will not be taken to account for any sin except polytheism.

In another narration, the words p;JI ~~ (In Whose Hand is all that is

good) are in place of ~J~ (He alone gives life and He alone gives death).

It is also narrated that every time he says this phrase, he receives a reward of freeing a slave. On saying these words after' Asr he gets the reward for the whole night as he gets the reward for the whole day on saying them after Fajr. (Tirmidhi, 'Amalul Yaumi wal Lailah by Nasal)

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37. Jundub Al Qasrl Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who offers the Fajr Salat, is indeed in the Protection of Allah (so do not trouble those who are under Allah's Protection); for you will be answerable to Allah for violating this protection; because undoubtedly, if He takes anyone to account for violating this protection, He will catch him and fling him headlong on his face into the Hell-Fire. (Muslim)

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o .v'\:~)I~il~lJyi!\.A .. ,J\.!I~jl~y.ioIJ) . ~ JI~:!..U ~ 38. Muslim ibne-Harith At-tamimlyi Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam told him secretly: When you complete the Maghrib Salat, then recite seven times this Du'a: )01 ~ ~~ ~I (0 Allah! Protect me from the Fire). After saying this if you happen to die the same night, you will be protected from the Fire. When you have offered your Fajr Salat repeat the same. For undoubtedly, if you happen to die the same day,you will be

protected from the Fire. (Abu Dawud) ....

Note: Rastilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam by givmg this advice

secretly wanted to stress its importance.

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tY,\:~),';"'Iy.....JI~4Ji.!~I, .. ,.>\~,~jl~y.ioIJ) .~J~~~~~I 39. Umme Farwah Radiyallahu 'anha narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam was asked: Which is the best of the good deeds? He said: To offer Salat at the beginning of its prescribed time. (Abu Dawud).

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,t "':~)'jyly~ly~,~jl~y.ioIJ) .))I~ 40. 'AlI Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: 0 People of the Qur' an! Offer Witr Salat, for verily Allah is Witr, and He loves the Witr. (Abu Dawud)

Note: Witr in Arabic refers to His Oneness, that is being without partners.. Allah also loves actions done in odd n~mber:.. Many . examples of it are found in Shari'ali and Sunnah. War Salat IS loved

by Allah because it has an odd number of Rak'at. (Majma' Bihar-ulAnwar)

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41. Kharijah ibne-Hudhafah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that one day

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Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam came to us and said: Allah has granted you an additional Salat, which is better for you than red camels; this Salat is Al- Witr. Allah has appointed its time between 'Isha Salat and the break of dawn. (Abu Dawud)

Note: The Arabs considered red camels to be a most valuable and desirable commodity.

t,\·/Uil))! 42. Abu Darda Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that my friend, Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam, enjoined me three things: To fast three days every month, to offer the Witr Salat before sleep, and to offer two Rak' iit Sunnah of Fajr. (Tabaranr, Majma 'uz-Zawaid)

Note: It is better for those who have developed the habit of awakening at night, to offer their Witr Salat at the time of Tahajjud that is before the beginning time of Fajr Salat, As for those, who have not developed this habit, they should offer their Witr Salat before sleeping.

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43. Ibne- 'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: There is no (perfect) Iman for one who has no trustworthiness, and there is no Salat for one who has no Wudii and there is no Deen for one who has no Salat, The status of Salat' in

Deen is like the status of the head in a body.' (Tabaranr, Targhtb) .

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'I't v:~)" ••• ~II"'""I J~!':'~""'4 ,~Ol)) ,§~,.!.lj )Sjl) .;l.:J;J,~) 44. Jabir ibne-Abdullah Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Between man and (his entering into) polytheism and' unbelief is the abandonment of Salat.

(Muslim) .

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Note: Scholars of Islam have offered several explanations to this hadith. One is that a person who abandons Salat becomes increasingly arrogant and bold in committing sins, which may endanger his faith. Another explanation is that the one who abandons Salat runs the risk of an evil end. (Mirqat-ul-Mafatth

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'1''\/'1'J.i'J)\~,~'J~).u~) 45. Ibne-tAbbas Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who abandons Salat shall meet Allah in a state that Allah will be very angry with him. (Bazzar, Tabarani, Majma 'uz-Zawaid)

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1"1"./t~o~l.:....! :JA-JIJli,,:,~,,,IOIJj .4J~) 46. Naufal ibne-Mu'awiya Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The person who missed even one Salat is as though he has been deprived of his entire family and wealth. (Ibne-Hibban)

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, t"O:~),i':>L.oJ4~')WIf'Y-.r''''''4,~JI~y.iol)) .~W'J 47. 'Abdullah ibne-'Arnr ibnil A~ narrates from his father, who heard from his grandfather Radiyallahu 'anhuma, who narrated that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Command your children when they are seven years old, to perform Salat; and beat them for not observing it when they are ten years old. And at this age separate their beds (i.e. do not let brothers and sisters sleep together). (Abu Dawud)

Note: Beating should not cause bodily harm.

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~ALA.T IN JAMA.'AH

CONGREGATION

VERSE OF QUR' AN

Allah Subhanahil wa Ta 'ala says:. And establish Salat and give Zakat; and bow with those who bow in worship (i.e. pray in congregation).

AI-Baqarah 2: 43

AIJADITH

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0' o:~) ,",1~~4':" _,....J1~)""4,~JI~y.ioIJ) 48. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrated that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The Muadhdhin will recieve forgivness to the distance to which his voice reaches. All living and non-living things shall bear witness for him on the Day of Resurrection. He, who attends Salat in congregation, for him is written the reward of twenty five Salat, and it becomes an atonement for his sins between two Salat. (Abu Dawud)

Note: According to some Scholars the reward of twenty-five Salat is for the Muadhdhin; and he gets forgiveness of his sins from the previous Adhiin to this Adhiin. (Badhl-ul-Majhiid)

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49. Ibne- 'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The Muadhdhin will receive forgiveness to the extent the voice of his Adhiin reaches; every living and non-living thing that hears his voice, supplicates for his forgiveness. In another narration it is stated: Every living and nonliving thing replies to his Adhiin. (Musnad Ahmad, Tabaranf, Bazzar, Majrna 'uz-Zawaid)

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'1' d·/'~?.:r.loIJ) ·:J~~l:,Jl ~J ,~~j 'P 50. Abu Sa'sa'ah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Abu Sa'Id Radiyallahu 'anhu said: When you are in a desert or countryside, then call the Adhiin loudly, as I have heard Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: No tree or clod of earth, or rock, or linn, or man shall hear his voice; except that they will bear witness for him on the Day of Resurrection. (Ibne-Khuzairnah)

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'\ f v:~) ,",1~~4':" _,....J1~)""4 ,,;WI OIJ) .4A:A ~:; ;.i 51. Bara ibne-'Azib Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily, Allah and His angels send blessings upon the persons of the first row. The one who calls Adhiin receives forgiveness to the extent to which he raises his voice. All living and non-living things, who hear his call, testify to it. And for him is a reward equivalent to all those who perform Salat with him. (Nasal)

Note: One interpretation of the second sentence of this hadlth is that the Muadhdhin shall receive forgiveness for his sins to the extent that his voice reaches. Another interpretation is that the sins of the people living within the- range of his voice will be forgiven by virtue of his intercession. (Badhl-ul-Majhiidl

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q"8\Jj,I;:'j1~\ :J~ ~l»\J~J~ :J~~'.i»\~J~1~~ -0"

1\0 y :~)" ••• "I~"JIJ-;oiY4'~Ol)) .~Q.l\~y. ~G.f 52. Mu'awiya Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: The Muadhdhins will have the longest necks amongst the people on the Day of Resurrection. (Muslim)

Note: Islamic Scholars have mentioned several interpretations to this hadlth.

1. As people go to the masjid to offer Salat in response to the Adhdn of the Muadhdhin, it is as though he is their leader and they are his followers. A leader is like a chief who has a long neck, which makes his head prominent.

2. The Muadhdhin shall raise his head high, longing to gaze at his magnificent reward, thus giving the appearance of the longest neck. 3. The Muadhdhin shall hold his head high as he has nothing to regret by virtue of his calling the Adhan. Whereas the one who regrets, or is ashamed of his actions, lowers his head in humility and shame.

4. The longest neck is an allegorical description, depicting the Muadhdhin as the most prominent of all on the Plain of Reckoning. Still others have mentioned that, the Muadhdhins will proceed speedily towards Paradise. (NawawI)

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y. O/'~.ill.wlJJ.s)l>'..,ll.lo ?J.s-~~J? 53. Ibne- 'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who calls the Adhiin for twelve years, Paradise is guaranteed for him and sixty blessings will be recorded for every Adhdn, and thirty blessings will be recorded for every Iqdmah. (Mustadrak Hakim)

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.} .}I".,kll 01)) J.i) ,)\..a;.>'-i/.s.\...rll 01)) .~\; ~J 4. ~J ~J ~J 4. ~ :;"';-1 ~J

I\oh ..ul))1 ~ ,..;.,l.WI .}iJL,:>-.:r.I o}'~ .s).JI .l-jAli ~.:r..4..Ali ~ :~) ,~IJJ...., J"JI 54. Ibne-'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Three persons shall neither be terrified by the greatest horror of the Day of Resurrection, nor shall they be made to render an account of their deeds, (and) they will be upon mounds of Musk until the reckoning of creation is completed. One who recites the Qur'an only to please Allah and leads Salat in a manner pleasing to his followers. The other is he who calls towards Salat, only to please Allah. And the third is he who maintains a good relationship with his Rabb, and also with his subordinates. (TirmidhI, Tabarao!, Majma'uz-Zawaid)

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~ ~ "\ "\:~) ,./iiI ~ .:r..ill ;i,,~1 u.....} ~~I?-i y4 '~.f-.:r-:-- ~J?I.l..> 55. 'Abdullah ibne- 'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Three persons will be upon mounds of Musk on the Day of Resurrection, envied by all the former and latter people. The man who calls Adhdn for the five times Salat during the day and night; and the man who leads the Salat in a manner that people are pleased with him; and a slave who had fulfilled the rights of Allah and the rights of his master. (TirmidhT)

<:,~~J1~\J~~~~~\ :~l»\J~JJ~ :J~~'.i»\:.2J~;.;~J~ -0'\

o 'v:~)" •.• w~j.JIJ.s-~LoY4 ,~JI~y.iolJ) .~1 ~ .:#\J~~\ ~)\ !~I 56. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The Imam is responsible and the Muadhdhin is entrusted. 0 Allah! Guide the Imams and forgive the Muadhdhins. (Abu Dawud)

Note: The Imam is responsible, means that besides his personal Salat, he bears the responsibility of the Salat of those behind him. Therefore the Imam should perfect his Salat as far as is humanly possible both outwardly and inwardly. In the light of this important

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responsibility, Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam made a Du'a for the guidance of the Imams. The Muadhdhin is entrusted means that people have placed their trust on the Muadhdhin regarding the timings of the Salat and Saum, Therefore, it is essential for the Muadhdhin to be particular in calling the Adhiin at its proper time. However, being human, he may inadvertently err. Hence, Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam has made a Du'a for his forgiveness. (Badhl-ul-Majhiid)

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""t:~), •••• .JI~~IJ .. Q.k . .J4,~OIJ) .~~jbUJ~~~I~~ :J~ 57. Jabir Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Nabf Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Verily when the Shaitan hears the Adhdn, he flees until he reaches the' place Rauha. Sulaiman Rahimahullah said: I asked Jabir about Rauha, He replied that it is thirty-six miles from Madinah. (Muslim)

:\I0'k~I1;'~!§~~~-;'~~ :J~ ~~lt!~'.i»I~)~;.;~J:;. -0/\ 1~~?- ,;.~! ~~~ y}; 1~~? ,~! :;,~~,,~ 1~~ ,:;.~bl F ~ ? 11~ ~ ~ ,liS- j-11j ,liS- j11 ::\1 J~ .~jj) ~yJl ~}a;.;.? <pi ~~1 ~ , •••• .JI~~I J..:d y4 ,~oIJ) .~;.s- ~~~ ~ ~~1 ~? ,~ ~ j'~ ~

"" .. :~) 58. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabf Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Shaitan flees on hearing the call for Salat, loudly breaking wind, until he no longer hears the Adhdn. When the Adhdn is completed, he returns until the Iqamali is called. He then again flees until the Iqdmah is completed; then he again returns to distract the attention of the man engaged in Salat, interjecting in his mind, saying: Remember such and such, remember such and such; reminding him of things which he had previously forgotten or was unaware of, until the man is unable to recall how many Rak'iit he has prayed. (Muslim)

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C~lj~IJ1l1.}~~81~jl :J~ ~~IJ~)ti~~I~)~;';~:;' -01\ r~~IY4,..s}~.,JIoIJ) (~WI.:r"j>:'JAJ) .1*~ ~1>~:' !~I~~ 'J~~~~J~'

, , ,,:~) ,.JI~~I.) 59. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: If people knew what blessings lie in the Adhiin and the first row, and they could not achieve this (distinction) except by casting lots, they would certainly do so; (Bukhari)

t} ~j~:y..~1 ~LS-l1~ :~ ~1 J~) J~ :J~ ~'i»I~) ~ ~~1 ~4L:;. -'\ · ~~ij ~~I~~j ,o~ ~)J ~~ ~~ ,~ ~::'~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ,t,J@ ~~, ~~

,,' .1'~.)Jlj)l~oIJ) .o~j.~;'~~~I~'p'~~~ 60. Salman Al Farsf Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: If a man is in a jungle and the time of Salat approached, he should perform WUQii, and if he does not find water, then he should perform Tayammum. If he calls the Iqdmah, both his angels (who record his deeds) offer Salat with him. And if he calls the Adhdn and Iqdmah, such a vast number of Allah's forces (angels) will performSalat with him that the two ends of their rows would not be seen. (Musannaf 'Abdur-Razzaq)

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, y • 'I':~),,,,.wl .).JI~~I y4 ,.)JI~ y.i 61. 'Uqbah ibne-tAmir Radiyallahu 'anhu reports that he heard Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam narrating a Hadith Qudsl:

Your Rabb is pleased with the shepherd who calls the Adhiin upon the peak of a mountain and offers Salat. Allah 'Azza wa JaJ' exclaims to the angels: Look at this slave of Mine who calls the Adhdn and the Iqdmah for Salat and he fears Me. I have forgiven him and entered him into Paradise. (Abu Dawud)

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Jj :,1 ~I~) ~ ~q : ~ ~I J~) J~ :J~ ~ '.i»1 ~) ~ J. Jf:.:; -'\" .. lWl~.I.>-.uI, .. ,A!,~jl~J1ioIJ) .I:a;!~~!~~ q"WI ~j ,~IJ1J1 ~~~:UI :~I~)

yo)t. :~) 62. Sahl ibne-Sa'd Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Two things are never rejected or seldom rejected; Du 'a at the time of Adhan and at the time when people are locked in a furious battle. (Abu Dawild)

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63. Sa 'd ibne-Abi Waqqas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The one who hears the Muadhdhin and responds with (the following), his sins will be forgiven. (Muslim).

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I bear witness that none is worthy of worship but Allah, Who is Alone, without any partner; and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; and I am pleased with Allah as Rabb, and Muhammad as Messenger, and Islam as Deen.

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y .t; I~.uI.wIJJ 1..\5:.0,01.>:- J"'-!.~ J 64. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: We were with Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and Bilal called the Adhiin. When he finished, Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said:

Whoever says the same with complete belief and conviction, will enter into Paradise. (Mustadrak Hakim)

Note: From this narration, it appears that in reply to the Adhan, one should repeat the exact words of the Muadhdhin. However, a narration of 'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhu clarifies that in reply to

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Hayya- 'Alas-Saliit, Hayya- 'Alal-Faliih. one should say La haula wald quwwata ilia billiih (l have no strength to do good or protect myself fro~ evil, except by the power of Allah). (Muslim)

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0) y t :~) ,0j_;.J1 t"-" Ij! 65. 'Abdullah ibne- 'Amr Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that a man said: 0 Rasulallah! Indeed, the Muadhdhins have excelled us (as regards the reward of the Hereafter). Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam replied: Say the same words as they say, and when you come to the end, ask (from Allah) and you will be granted. (Abu Dawud)

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"t ":~)" ... ..._...:rJ 0j _;.JI 66. 'Abdullah ibne-tAmr ibnil -'A~ Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: When you hear the Muadhdhin, repeat what he says, and then send Salawat upon me. For indeed he who sends one Salawat on me will receive ten blessings from Allah; then ask Allah to give me the Wasflah, which is a rank in Paradise befitting only one of Allah's slaves, and I hope that I may be that one. If anyone asks that I may be given the Wasflah, he will be assured of my intercession. (Muslim)

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Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: If anyone says when he hears the Adhiin:

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o Allah, Rabb of this perfect call, and of the prayers which is established for all times, grant Muhammad the Wasilah and excellency and raise him up in a praiseworthy position which You have promised.

He will be assured of my intercession. In another narration the

following words are added: ~~I ~ ~ ~l (Undoubtedly, You never go back on Your words). (Bukharl, BaihaqT)

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Y'Y'v/Y'.4:>-i~IJ) .:u~; 41J.i»1 y~I,~~~ 68. Jabir Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: When the Muadhdhin calls the Adhiin, whosoever says as follows (after the Adhiin), Allah will accept his Du'a.

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o Rabb of this complete calling and Salat which is full of benefits, bestow blessings upon Muhammad and be eternally pleased with him after which You will uever be displeased.

(Musnad Ahmad)

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Y'o" t :~) ,a.,fWIJyWl.i..,.,L! '..:r->" ~.I.:>-I.lA :Ju J 69. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: A Du'a made between the Adhiin and the /qiimah is never rejected. The Sahabah asked: What Du'a should we make, 0 Rasulallah? He replied: Ask Allah for 'Afiyah (well being) in this world and in the Hereafter. (TirmidhT)

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70. Jabir Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: When the /qiimah for Salat is being said, the doors of the skies are opened, and Du 'a is accepted .. (Musnad Ahmad)

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n ...... .r"'_,JIt'l>:-,(l.~IJ.!.llLo~Lo~I~IJ).liJJ'§;s- q;:-I~ :J~~~;';~I~(t-! :I)~ 71. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that whoever performs Wudil and performs it excellently, then goes out intending Salat, undoubtedly he is in Salat, as long as he intends Salat. Undoubtedly, for one step a good deed is written and for the next step an evil deed is erased. When anyone of you hears the /qiimah, he must not run. For undoubtedly, whose house is the farthest will get the greatest reward. Those present asked: Why is that so 0 Aba Hurairah? He said: Because of the greater number of footsteps. (Muatta Imam Malik)

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y. '\/\s,A.uI.wIJJ~l>:-.r'!~J~IJo r-~~~.I.:>-I.lA 72. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Abu1 Qasim (Rasulullah) Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: When one of you performed Wudu in his house, and then came to the masjid, he was in Salat until he returns. Therefore, he should not do like this and Rasulallah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam placed the fingers of one hand into the other. (Mustadrak Hakim)

Note: Just as such an action of the hands is undesirable and inconsistent with Salat, similarly such actions are undesirable while one is proceeding towards Salat. The reason being that when one is proceeding to perform Salat, he is virtually engaged in Salat,

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73. Sa'Id ibnil-Musayyib Rahimahullah narrates on the authority of an Ansari Sahab]: I heard Rasillullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: When one of you performs WU(;iU and performs it well and goes out to offer Salat, then for every right foot he lifts, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala records a virtue for him. And for every left foot he puts on the ground, a sin is erased .. He has the choice to take short steps or long ones. Then he comes to the masjid and offers Salat in congregation, he will be forgiven'. And if he reaches the masjid and finds that people have already offered a part of their Salat, yet a part remains, he joins the remaining part of the Salat, and thereafter completes that which he had missed. He too gets the same reward of Salat, And if he comes to the masjid and finds that people have finished their Salat, so he completes his individual Salat, he too gets the same reward. (Abu Dawtid)

OOA:~),o_,.L..oJIJ1~1~ 74. Abu Umama Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: One who leaves his house having Wudu to offer obligatory Salat, his reward is like that of a person performing Hajj in the state of Ehriim. And the one who goes out, bearing the hardship, solely to offer Saldt Ad-Duha, he gets the reward as that of a person performing 'Umrah. And the offering of Salat after a previous Salat uninterrupted by any irrelevant talk or action, is recorded in 'Illiyyin (an auspicious register of righteous deeds). (Abu Dawild)

Note: 1. Ehrdm pertains to numerous constraints imposed on those

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who travel for Hajj and 'Umrah to Makkah.

2. Duhii Salat is a Nafl (optional) prayer before mid-day.

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75. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Whoever amongst you performs Wudii well, and completes it to perfection, then goes to the masjid with the sale intention to offer Salat, tl .en Allah is overjoyed with him, as the family of an absent relative is overjoyed by his sudden appearance. (Ibne-Khuzaimah)

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't"h..l.i'J)'~,~'J\>:-) 76. Salman Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who performs Wudii in his house and performs it well, then comes to the masjid, he is the guest of Allah, and it is obligatory upon the Host to extend hospitality to his guest. (Tabarani, Majma'uz-Zawaid)

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'o, .. :~) 77. Jabir ibne-Abdullah Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that some plots of land surrounding the Masjid of Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam were vacant. Banu Salimah intended to shift close to the masjid. When this news reached Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi was allam, he said to them: I have come to know that you intend to shift close to the masjid. They replied: 0 Rasulallahl Yes indeed,

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we wanted this. Then he said: 0 Bani Salimah! Keep living in your houses, your footsteps are recorded as good deeds. Keep living in your houses, your footsteps are recorded as good deeds. (Muslim)

O.'I"/f~O~L.....l 78. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Anyone of you who leaves his home to come to my masjid, for every footstep a virtue is written, and for every other footstep a sin is erased, until he returns. (Ibne-I:Iibban)

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Y'I"'I"o:~), •••• JJ~'0"' 79. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Sadaqah is due on each joint of man everyday the sun rises. He (then) said: When you impart justice between two persons, it is Sadaqah, and when you help a person mount his animal or to lift and place his belongings upon, it is a Sadaqah, He added: And a good word is a Sadaqah, and every footstep you take for Salat is a Sadaqah, and when you remove an obstacle from the path, it is a Sadaqah. (Muslim)

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80. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily, Allah will illuminate those who make their way to the masjids in darkness, with a brilliant light on the Day of Resurrection. (Tabarani, Majma'uz-Zawaid)

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81. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Those who frequent the masjids in darkness, undoubtedly are the people who are immersed in Allah's Mercy. (Ibne-Majah, Targhib)

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83. Abu Sa'Id Al-Khudri Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Should I not guide you to the means by which Allah forgives sins and increas.es good d~eds? They replied: 0 Rasulallahl Please do so. He Said: Performing compl~te Wudu even in difficulty, and taking many footsteps to the masjid, and' after offering one Salat waiting for the next. And w~?soever leaves his house in a state of Wudu till he reaches the masjid, then offers Salat in congregation with the Muslims and waits ~or th~ next Salat: it is for him that the angels say: 0 Allah! forgive him, 0 Allah! Have Mercy upon him. (Ibne Hibban).

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CAY:rJ) ,0 )..s::..JI J.;-. ~ yl t 1.,...0) 84. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam told his companions: Should I not guide you to those deeds by which Allah removes sins and raises ranks? They said: 0 Rasulallah! Please tell us. He said: Performing complete Wudu in difficult circumstances, and taking many footsteps towards the masjid, and waiting for the next Salat after one Salat is Ribat. (Muslim)

Note: The well known meaning of Ribiu is to take part in the defence of the Islamic frontiers which is undoubtedly a noble action. In this hadith Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam has apparently referred to their actions as Ribat because just as soldiers guard the frontiers, so also by his actions, a man guards himself against the onslaught of the Shaitan and Nafs (innerself). (Mirqat-ul-Mafatlh)

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fYfc :rJ) 'd'~ )J-",J'J Y4,~ ~~..(,:.o 86. Mu'adh ibne-Jabal Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates in a Hadith Qudsi from Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala said: 0 Muhammad! I said: I am here at Your service 0 my Rabb! He said: In what matter is the Highest Assembly (Arch Angels) disputing? I replied: Concerning the acts of atonement. He said: And what are they? I replied: The steps taken towards the Jamii'an and sitting in masjids waiting for the next Salat and performing complete Wudu even in difficult circumstances. He then said: In what else are they disputing? I said: Serving of food (in hospitality), and gentleness in speech, and Salat at night while people are asleep. He then said: Ask! I said (in sup~lication):

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o Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala! Verily I ask of You to enable me to do righteous acts, and abstain from forbidden acts, and to grant me the love of the poor; and that You forgive me and have Mercy on me. And if ever You intend to afflict a people with a severe tribulation, take my life unafflicted. And I ask You for Your love, and the love of he who loves You; and the love of an act that will bring me close to Your love.

Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam (then) said: Verily it is the truth, so say it repeatedly to memorize it. (TirmidhT)

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o Allah! Forgive him, and bestow Mercy upon him. This continues as long as he remains in a state of Wudu or leaves the place of Salat. (Bukhari)

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yo Y /Y ..I!IJ)I~ ,., _,Aj _,..~iJl>:-)J 90. Abu Umama Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Allah sends Mercy and His angels invoke blessings upon the first row. Those present said: 0 Rasiilallah! And upon the second? He replied: Allah sends Mercy and His angels invoke blessings upon the first row. (Again) they asked: And upon the second? He replied: And also upon the second.

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And Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam further said: Straighten your rows, align your shoulders, be gentle to your brothers, and close the gaps. For verily Shaitan enters in the gap between you, like a baby lamb. (Musnad Ahmad, Tabarani, Majma'uz-Zawaid)

Note: To be gentle to your brothers means if someone asks you to straighten your row, by keeping his hand on you, concede to his request.

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''It:~),J_,A...JI'-!rJY~'JJIJy.ioIJ).~j~\~~'~~~~~jJ;:.j~'.&1 92. Bara ibne-tAzib Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam used to pass through the rows fr~mone end to the other; setting our chests and shoulders in line and saying:

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93. Bara ibne-' Azib Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Verily Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala sends Mercy and His angels invoke blessings for the people who are nearer to the front rows; and there is no step more beloved to Allah than one taken to complete a row. (Abu Dawud)

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Note: As it became known to the Sahabah that the right hand side of the rows carries added virtue, all of them attempted to avail the same, leaving the left hand side empty. Then Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam informed them about the virtues of standing on the left hand side of the row, so that it does not remain incomplete. (FaiQ-ul

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Note: The meaning of keeping the shoulders soft in Salat is that when somebody tries to enter the row, the persons offering Salat on the right and left should relax their shoulders to let him join the row.

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101. Anas Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Straighten your rows, for the straightening of the rows in Salat is essential for the offering of Salat correctly. (Bukhari)

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102. 'Uthman ibne-'Affan Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He, who performed Wudu for Salat and performed it properly and then went on foot to offer the obligatory Salat and offered it along with the people or in congregation or in the masjid, Allah would forgive his sins. (Muslim)

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103. 'Umar ibnil Khattab Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala indeed admires the people offering Salat in congregation. (Musnad Ahmad, Majma 'uz-Zawaid)

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,(,V'\/'~ioIJ).i:.:-)~~):r4J~o~j~~~~GI 104. Abdullah ibne-Mas'ud Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The excellence of a person's Salat in congregation is even greater than twenty times as compared to his individual Salat, (Musnad Ahmad)

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,Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: The Salat of two persons, with one of them as Imam, is more liked by Allah, to the individual Salat of four persons. Similarly, the Salat of four persons, with one of them as Imam, is more liked by Allah, to the individual Salat of eight persons. And the Salat of eight persons, with one of them as Imam, is more liked by Allah, to the individual Salat of hundred persons. (Bazzar, Tabarani, Majma'uz-Zawaid)

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109 -. Abu Sa'Id Al Khudri Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Salat in congregation is equivalent to twenty five Salat, and when Salat is offered in a desert, performing its bowing and prostration properly, it reaches up to fifty times. (Abu Dawild)

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ot V:~J ,~\.o.o:JI!l j.}J.J..J...!.;Jly~ ,~JI~yioIJJ.~~I ~ill 110. Abu Darda Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: If three persons in a village or. a forest, do not offer the congregational Salat, then Shaitan fully overpowers them. So make it obligatory on yourself to offer Salat in congregation. For undoubtedly the wolf eats only the stray goat. (Abu Dawud)

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people standing in the row would fall down due to extreme hunger; and they were the people of Suffah. about whom the villagers would say that they were insane. One day, when Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. completed the Salat, he turned to them and said: If you know the reward that Allah has for you, then you would like to live with more hunger and needs. Fadalah says: I was with Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam that day. (Tirmidhi)

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't~, :~J'~"-.}~IJ.u...lIO~J.A.iy~,~OIJJ.ilS- 113. 'Uthman ibne-' Affan Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: The one who offered 'Isha Salat in congregation, it was as if he remained in Salat upto midnight, and if he offered the Fajr Salat in congregation, it was as if he remained in Salat the whole night. (Muslim)

Note: Some scholars on the basis of other ahadith interpret this to mean that he who offers 'Isha and Fajr Salat both in congregation gets the reward of the whole night's worship.

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H"''':~J'''' .~\.o.o:Jlo~J.A.iy~,~OIJJ(<!..t..I.>JI) ._;...AlI~~j~~I~~ 114. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasillullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Indeed! The most burdensome Salat for hypocrites is the Salat of Fajr and the Salat of 'Isha. (Muslim)

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'\ , o:~ J ,.)I~~I.} ~~';II y~ ' .. )~I 115. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: If people would have known the virtues of going to the masjid for Zuhr Salat in the scorching heat, then they would certainly compete with one another in going to the masjid. And if they knew the virtues of 'Isha and Fajr Salat, they

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167

$aliil in Congregation

would indeed go to the masjid for these Salat, even if (due to some illness) they had to drag themselves. (Bukharl)

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Y~/y.uI))It-" 116. Abu Bakrah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: A person, who offers the Fajr Salat in congregation, is in Allah's protection and the person, who harasses the one who is in the protection of Allah, will be thrown into the Hell Fire by Allah. (Tabaranl, Majrna 'uz-Zawaid)

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y,\I"/I~_rl1 117. Anas ibne-Malik Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: A person who offers Salat for forty days in congregation, purely to please Allah, starting with the Imam right from the first Takbir, receives two exemptions; one from HellFire, and the other from hypocrisy. (Tirmidhi)

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o t ~ :~) ,4s-~I!l j~J.J..J..!d,1..,,4 ,.)jl.) J!I 118. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: I thought of asking some youngsters to collect a large quantity of firewood, and then proceed to the houses of those people who offer their obligatory Salat in their homes without any valid excuse, and burn their houses on them. (Abu Dawiid)

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168

$alilt in Congregation

I ~AA:~),a.,l:a,;,JI~..:.......li)t""""I.;,.-J.A!""4'~01)).liJ ~ 119. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Anyone who performs Wudu and performs it properly then comes to the Friday Salat, listens to the Khutbali (sermon) attentively, and remains silent, his sins between this Friday and the last one are forgiven; and also (the sins) for three additional days. But he who touches the pebbles during the Khutban (plays with them with his hands. or floor-mats or clothes) then he has acted irrelevantly (due to which he lost the special reward for the Friday Salat). (Muslim)

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ty ./o~iol)) .t..S_J;:-~'4':;.!J ~~ 120. Abu Ayyiib Al Ansari Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard . Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: Anyone who takes a bath on Friday, and uses perfume if he has any, and wears his best clothes and then comes out until he reaches the masjid and offers the prescribed Salat and does not hurt anyone, and keeps silent from the time the Imam comes out for the Khutbah (sermon) till he finishes the Salat, it is an atonement for his sins from this Friday to the last one. (Musnad Ahmad)

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AA I":~),~ .;_.A.u1..,,4 ,.s )I.>..,ll 01),) 121. Salman Al FarsI Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: A person who takes a bath on Friday, and purifies himself as much as he can, applies oil to his hair, or uses the perfume available in his house, then goes to the masjid and sits

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169

$allit in Congregation

without squeezing two persons and prays what is prescribed for him, and then listen to the Khutbali of the Imam silently and attentively, his sins are forgiven from this Friday to the last one. (Bukhari)

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r AA/Y ~IJ}I ~ ,.::Jw.ul.:-)J ~IJ 122. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said once on a Friday: 0 Community of ,Muslims! Allah has made this day an 'Eid for you, so take a bath and heedfully brush your teeth with Siwiik (toothstick). (Tabarani, Majma 'uz-Zawaid)

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.::J Jft ,.j )iAJl 123. Abu Umamah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Indeed the bath, taken on Friday, removes sins even to the extent of removing them from the roots of the hair. (Tabaranl, Majma'uz-Zawaid)

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.. Y" :~),~I~ y.4a>'JI.)lt \.o;;...IjlIY4,.s)t.:..,j10IJ)' jill D ;~,:!) 124. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: When it is a Friday, the angels stand at the door of the masjid recording the names of those who come first, and then those who follow. And he who comes early is treated like one sacrificing a camel, next is like one who sacrifices a cow, next a sheep, next a hen and next an egg. When the Imam comes out (for giving the sermon), the angels fold up the register and become busy inlistening to the sermon. (Bukhari)

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170

$a.liit in Congregation

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,,\ry :~),..liIJ-')OI.o..l!.::J ~1.J'~.).l.:-I.oY4'o..,..!~~..:r-.!...t..l?-I.lA :J\.iJ 125. Yazid ibne-Abi Maryam Rahimahullah narrates: 'Abaya ibneRafi.' Rahimahullah met me, when I was going to Friday Salat on foot and he said: Glad tidings for you, indeed these steps of yours are in the Path of Allah; I heard Aba 'Abs Radiyallahu 'anhu saying that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He whose feet are covered with dust in the Path of Allah, those (feet) are forbidden on the Hell-Fire. (Tirrnidhi)

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rto:~)'~..J.-AlI.)Y4'~JI~y.ioIJ) .~~) ~l;.f J-lp~g~JS;:J 126. Aws ibne-Aws Thaqafi Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: He who takes bath properly and perfectly on Friday, hastens to the masjid very early and goes on foot, not riding, sits close to the Imam and listens (to the sermon) attentively, does not speak at all, then for each step he will get the reward of one year's fasting and one year of offering Salat at night. (Abu Dawud)

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Y ... /y~loIJ) 127. 'Abdullah ibne-'Arnr Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Nabl Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: One who takes bath on Friday properly and perfectly and goes very early for Friday Salat, sits very close (to the Imam), and listens (to the sermon) attentively, and remains silent, then for each step of his, gets the reward of one year's Salat at night and one year's fasting. (Musnad Ahmad)

SALAT

171

Sa/lit in Congregation

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I. t\t :~J,~lj..loj.iY~ 128. Abu Lubaba ibne-' Abdul Mundhir Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Friday is the chief of the days, and most dignified among the days in the sight of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. This day is greater than 'Eid-ul-A4ba and 'Eid-ul-Fitr in Allah's sight. It has five attributes: On this day Allah created Adam 'Alaihissalam; on this day Allah sent down Adam 'Alaihis Salam to the earth; on this day Allah seized Adam 'Alaihis Salam in death; it contains a certain hour at which no slave asks Allah for anything without Allah grantingit, as long as he does not ask for anything unlawful; and on this day the Last Hour will come. All His preferred angels, the sky, the earth, the winds, the mountains and the oceans fear the day of Friday (as on this day Resurrection will take place). (Ibne-Majah)

o/V~I;'I:...M! :~IJ\i";)\'~'~IIIJJ'~1'J 129. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: None of the days, on which the sun rises and sets, is better than Friday. All living creatures fear the day of Friday except the two burdensome classes, Human beings and Jinns. (Ibne-Hibban)

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SALAT

172

SaUlt in Congregation

130. Abu Sa'id Al Khudri Radiyallahu 'anhu and Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrate that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: There is a specific time on Friday in which whatever a Muslim slave asks from Allah' Azza wa J all, He grants it to him and this time is after 'Asr, (Musnad Ahmad, Fath-ur-Rabbanl)

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131. Abu Musa Al Ash 'arf Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates: I heard:

Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying (mentioning the specific time on Friday iri which Du'a is accepted): It occurs between the time when the Imam sits down for Khutbali till the end of Salat, (Muslim)

Note: There are many other ahadith ascertaining the hour of acceptance of a supplication on Fridays. Hence, the whole day of Friday should be utilized in worship and supplication. (Nawawi)

SALAT

173

Sunnah and Niijilah

SUNNAH AND NAFILAH

NON-OBLIGATORY PRAYERS

VERSES OF QUR' AN

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'aIa said to His Prophet Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam:

And in some parts of the night (also) offer the Tahajjud Salat as an additional prayer (Tahajjud) for you. It may be that your Rabb will raise you to Maquam Mahmood (a praised station).

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Note: On the Day of Resurrection by the intercession of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam reckoning will commence. This honour is called Maquam Mahmood (a praised station). (Bayan-ul-Qur'an)

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

And those who spend the night, for their Lord, prostrating and standing (in Salat). Al-Furqan 25: 64

Allah Subhanahii wa Ta'ala says:

They forsake their beds to supplicate (engage in Salat, remembrance and invoking) to their Rabb in fear and hope, and

:JW J\iJ

SALAT

they spend from what We have provided them.

So, no soul knows what is put secret for them of the coolness of eyes, the recompence of that they

did. As-Sajdah 32: 16-17

Allah Subhanahil wa Ta'ala says:

Indeed, the righteous will be among gardens and springs, accepting what their Sustainer has given them. Indeed, they were before that, doers of good.

They used to sleep but little at night;

And in the hours before dawn, they would ask forgiveness.

Adh-Dhariyat 51: 15-18

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala said to His Prophet Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam:

o you who wraps himself (in a cloak)!

Arise (to pray) in the night but a little,

A half thereof, or a little thereof,

Or a little more, and recite the Qur'an calmly with pauses and distinctly (according to the rules of recitation. One wisdom of Tahajjud prayer is that the effort of getting up at night develops the capacity to execute the responsibilities of these heavy words). Verily, We will cast upon you a heavy word.

174

Sunnah and Niifilah

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SAUT

175

Sunnah and Niifilah

(The second wisdom is that) The rising in the night strongly disciplines the "Nafs" (one's inner self) and the words are recited correctly, (at this time recitation, Dhikr and supplication come directly from the heart).

(A third wisdom is that)

There is for you during the day a prolonged occupation (like Tabligh. So the night must be kept exclusively for Allah's worship which will make easy for you the days work).

tiJW;~ O~

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Al-Muzzamrnil 73: 1-7

AlJADITH

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'I' ~ \ \ :~), ....... cr'" 1oj4.!~1 J!.\t.,..ll y ..ri'loy~ ,.s.l,.. _rJIOIJ)'~ t_;' ~ ~J;:-J~ 132. Abu Umamah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihj wasallam said: Allah does not grant a slave to engage in anything more rewarding for him than two Rak'at, which he offers, Verily righteousness is spread over his head so long as he is engaged in Salat. And man does not come nearer to Allah with anything better than that which came forth from Allah 'Azza wa J all, meaning thereby the Qur' an. (Tirmidhi)

Note: Apart from the importance of Nafl Sal~t, this hadith explains that the maximum closeness to Allah Subhanahii wa Ta'ala is achieved by reciting of the Qur' an.

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SAUT

176

Sunnah and Nii/ilah

133. Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam passed by a grave and asked: Whose grave is this? The Sahabah replied: Of so and so. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: For this man in the grave, the offering of two Rak'at is dearer than all your world and whatever it contains. (Tabarani, Majma- 'uz-Zawaid)

Note: This hadlth implies that the true value of two Rak'at will become evident after death.

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'V~/O..l..o;>oioIJ) .~;.JJ, ~~~ 134. Abu Dharr Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that once Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam came out in autumn and leaves were falling from the trees. He held two branches of a tree in his hand and their leaves started to fall even more. Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: 0 Abu Dharr! I replied: At your service, I am here 0 Rasulallah! He continued: Undoubtedly when a Muslim offers· Salat, desiring to please Allah, his sins fall from him, as these leaves are falling from this tree. (Musnad Ahmad)

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\v~'I:~) 135. 'A'ishah Radiyallahu 'arrha narrates that Nab! Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who is regular in offering twelve Rak'iit (of Salat), Allah Subhanahu wa Ta 'ala will build for him a house in Paradise; four Rak'dt before Zuhr, two Rak'at after Zuhr, two Rak'at after Maghrib, two Rak'at after 'Isha, and two Rak'at before Fajr. (Nasal)

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Sunnah and Nlifilah

177

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136. 'A'ishah Radiyallahu 'anha narrates that of all non obligatory Salat Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam was most particular in ~ffering the t~o Rak 'at Sunnah before Fajr. (Muslim)

:~ltjll.~~~I~G'JJ~j ~&fJI~~'.iilI~)i4\&.~ _'Y'V , " ... Ao. :~): •••• ~IA....~ ).,.,~1.,.,4 ,~01J) .I~~~ t;i:U1 ~ ~l ~ ~ 137. 'A.'ishah Radiyallahu 'anha narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said about the two Rak'at (Sunnah) before the (obligatory) Fajr Salat: These two Rak'at are more beloved to me than the whole world. (Muslim)

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'"' V:~) ,.uI.>'-..sIt .J!'y\..o..I1 J.s- 138. Umme Habibah binte-Abu Sufyan Radiyallahu 'anha narrates that Rastilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Whoever is constantin offering four Rak'iit before the Zuhr Salat and four Rak'iu after it, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will forbid the Fire on him. (Nasal)

Note: The four Rak'iit before Zuhr are Sunna-tul-Muakkadah (the emphatically enjoined Sunnah Salat) , and the four after the Zuhr Salat two are Sunna-tul-Miiakkadah, and the other two are Nafl.

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'A' t :~) ,.uI.>'-..sIt .J!'y\..o..I1 139, Umme Hablba Radiyallahu 'anha narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Any believing slave who offers four Rak'dt after Zuhr, the Fire will not touch his face, if Allah 'Azza wa Jall wills. (Nasal)

$ALAT

178

SlIIl1Iah and N afilal:

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<$..lo _rll.;i-' Y') ~I t"'\;o;Jlt VA:~) 140. 'Abdullah ibne-Saib Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam used to offer four Rak'dt after the sun had passed the meridian, before the Zuhr Salat, and said: This is the hour in which the gates of the sky are opened and I desire that some of my good deeds ascend the sky at this moment. (Tirrnidhr)

Note: The four Rak'iit before Zuhr are understood to be Sunna-tulMuakkadah. However, according to some other Muslim Scholars these four Rak'iit , after the sun has passed the meridian, are in addition to the four Rak'iit of Sunna-tul-Muakkada

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How their shadows incline to the right and to the left making prostration unto Allah and they are lowly.

(Tirmidhi)

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'YV' :~) ,~IJ.,io')\....:o.lI"""4'JJIJ y.t~IJ)' ~~ 142. 'Abdullah ibne-'Umar Radiyallahu 'anhuma narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: (May) Allah show Mercy to a man who prays four Rak 'at before 'Asr Salat. (Abu Dawild)

179

Sunnah and Nii/ilah

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43 Ab Hurairah RaQiyalHihu 'anhu narrates that. Ras. mulla_h 1 .. u h SIt Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: He who stands at mg t m ; a a

during Ramadan with belief in .Allah's promises and hope for reward, his former sins will be forgiven. (BukharI)

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144. 'Abdur Rahman Radiyaftahu .'anhu == that ~ndeed RasUlullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam once mentlO~ed Ra~aQan and said: It is the month in which, Allah has made fasting obhgat?ry f?r you, and I have made Salat a Sunnah ~t night: So; whoev.er t~sts m Ramadan and offers this Salat at mght, with firm behef. III the promises of Allah, seeking only to please Him, and h?pmg for reward, he will be cleansed from his sins like the day hIS mother gave birth to him. (Ibne-Majah)

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145. Abu Fatima AI-AzdI RaQiyallahu 'anhu n.an·ates that N~bI Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said to me: 0 Abu Fatima! If you desI~e to meet me (in the Hereafter), then prostrate frequently (offer Salat

frequently). (Musnad Ahmad)

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180

Sunnah. and Nolila"

Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam saying: The first of his deeds, for which a man will be taken into account on the Day of Resurrection, will be his Salat. If it is sound, he will be saved and successful; but if it is corrupt, he will be unfortunate and miserable. If any deficiency is found in his (obligatory) Salat, Allah 'Azza wa Jall will say: "Look at My slave, whether he has anyNafl Salat so that what is lacking in the (obligatory) Salat may be made up by it." Then the rest of his actions Saum, Zakat etc. will also be dealt with a similar manner. (Tirrnidhl)

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147. Abu Umamah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said: Indeed, the most enviable among my friends is the believer who is light burdened (of children and worldly goods); has· his full share of Salat, excellent in his Rabb's worship and he also obeys Him in seclusion. Being inconspicuous, people do not point at him. His livelihood is barely sufficient and he is patient. Then Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam snapped his fingers (as one does to illustrate something happening very quickly) and said:

He dies early, without many women to lament him, nor leaving behind a large inheritance. (Tirmidhi)

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-»-W.l~jl~ -.s!ir:.i"'" ~ Y '\ '\ v:~) 'JjAl1o..si 148. 'Abdullah ibne-Salmari Rahimahullah narrates that a Sahabr of Nabi Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam narrated to me: When we had won the battle of Khyber, people took out their shares of captured enemy

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