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Technology Key Benefits Drawback
option characteristic
s
1a. Operation on a Full spectrum Less smooth
normal LTE compatibility with migration of
Evolution of carrier with current LTE GSM spectrum.
Rel-12 using system releases.
existing bandwidth 1.4- Not fully
bandwidth 20 MHz and 15 Lowest optimized for
kHz sub-carrier standardization the low-
spacing. and cost/low-
development energy use
Further effort case (benefit of
enhancements further
for M2M Allowing for optimization
compared to dedicated m2m unclear)
Rel-12, e.g. carrier as well as
reduced RF overlay with
receive mobile Page 8
Technology Key Benefits Drawback
option characteristic
s
1b. Operation on Full spectrum More
an LTE carrier compatibility standardizatio
Evolution of with a new with current n and
Rel-12 using narrow (200 LTE releases development
narrower kHz) system effort
bandwidth bandwidth and Allowing for compared with
15 kHz sub- dedicated option 1a.
carrier M2M carrier as
spacing. well as overlay Not fully
with mobile optimized for
Further broadband the low-
enhancements services on cost/low-
for M2M same carrier. energy use
compared to case (benefit
Rel-12, e.g. Smooth of further
Page 9 reduced UE RF migration of optimization
Technology Key Benefits Drawback
option characteristic
s
2 Operation in Development More
200-kHz effort can fully standardizatio
Clean-slate, bandwidth focus on n and
based on optimization development
single carrier Sub carrier for low effort
using spacing of cost/energy compared with
asymmetric 15 kHz in the option 1b
channel downlink and Smooth
spacings an integral migration of Limited data
division GSM spectrum rate
of 15 kHz in the scalability
uplink,
typically 3 kHz
or 5 kHz, with
allowance for
channel Page 10
Solutions based on evolution over GPRS
EC-GSM(Extended Coverage - GSM)
N-GSM (Narrowband-GSM)
Cleanslate solutions which are new radio
technologies
Narrowband M2M (NB M2M)
Narrowband OFDMA (NB OFDMA)
NB M2M (UL) + NB OFDMA (DL)
Cooperative Ultra Narrowband
Combined Narrowband and Chirp Spread Spectrum

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SMS-GMSC/
HSS IWMSC/SMS

CIOT architecture (non-roaming) S6a*


router

Gd/Gdd*

CIOT C-BS
UE
C-Uu S1-lite SGi*
Application
C-SGN
Server (AS)

LTE eMTC eNB


UE (eMTC) S1-lite
LTE-Uu (eMTC)

CIOT architecture (roaming)


SMS-GMSC/
HSS IWMSC/SMS
router
S6a*

Gd/Gdd*

CIOT C-BS
UE
C-Uu S1-lite S8* SGi* Application
C-SGN PGW Server (AS)
LTE eMTC eNB
UE (eMTC) S1-lite
LTE-Uu (eMTC)

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IP/non IP Non-IP/IP

S-NAS GTP-C/U GTP-C/U


S-NAS

RAN
UDP UDP
RAN S1AP S1AP

RAN RAN SCTP/IP SCTP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IP

RAN RAN L2 L2 L2 L2

L1 L1 L1 L1 L1 L1

S1-lite S8 SGi

UE CIoT/LTE-RAN C-SGN P-GW

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Category Application UL Data Size DL Data Size Frequency
example
Mobile smoke alarm 20 bytes 0 Every few
Autonomous detectors, power months;
ACK payload
Reporting (MAR) failure notifications
size is assumed Every year
exception reports from smart meters,
to be 0 bytes
tamper
notifications etc.
Mobile smart utility 20 bytes with a 50% of UL data 1 day (40%), 2
Autonomous (gas/water/electri cut off of 200 size hours (40%), 1
Reporting (MAR) c) metering bytes i.e. hour (15%),
ACK payload
periodic reports reports, smart payloads and 30
size is assumed
agriculture, smart higher than 200 minutes (5%)
to be 0 bytes
environment etc. bytes are
assumed to be
200 bytes.
Network Switch on/off, 0 - 20 bytes 20 bytes 1 day (40%), 2
Command device trigger to hours (40%), 1
50% of cases
send uplink report, hour (15%),
require UL
request for meter and 30
response.
reading minutes (5%)
Software Software 200 bytes with 200 bytes with 180 days
update/reconfigur patches/updates a cut off of 2000 a cut off of 2000
ation model bytes i.e. bytes i.e.
payload higher payload higher
than 2000 bytes than 2000 bytes Page 15
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Scenario 1: Re-farming GSM Scenario 3: E-UTRA
carrier guard-band

Scenario 2: Dedicated/fragment spectrum

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Minimum spectrum required: 200 kHz.
Reuse of one GSM carrier.
NB-CIoT downlink power can be a fraction
of that for one GSM carrier (6.6 Watts vs. 20
Watts) and still achieve coverage
objectives.
Full set of coexistence studies captured in
sub-clause 7.3.6.6 of 3GPP TR 45.820.

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Minimum spectrum required: 200 kHz.
Reuse of spectrum fragments in existing
UTRA/E-UTRA deployments.
NB-CIoT downlink power can be a fraction
of that for one UTRA/E-UTRA carrier (6.6
Watts vs. 20 Watts) and still achieve
coverage objectives.
Full set of coexistence studies captured in
sub-clause 7.3.6.6 of 3GPP TR 45.820.

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E-UTRA channel bandwidth: 10 MHz or 20
MHz.
NB-CIoT downlink power can be a fraction
of that for the E-UTRA carrier (6.6 Watts vs.
20 Watts) and still achieve coverage
objectives.
Not studied in the GERAN CIoT study item,
but shown feasible based on evaluations
with existing base station radio heads (see
next slides).

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1. WWW.3GPP.ORG
2. RP-150709 Views on specification for a
Cellular IoT system in RAN, Huawei,
HiSilicon, June 15-18, 2015
3. RP-151191 Cellular IOT: Some Frequently
Asked Questions Qualcomm Korea
4. RP-151550 NB-CIoT: the clean-slate
technology for Internet of Things Huawei,
HiSilicon
5. RP-151359 NB-CIoT deployment
scenarios Huawei, HiSilicon