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PAVEMENT CONDITION ASSESSMENT

City of Brighton, Michigan


200-12766-17001

Prepared By

March 2017
Table of Contents

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 1
Background ................................................................................................................................................... 1
Field Investigation and Condition Rating .................................................................................................... 11
Condition Assessment Summary ................................................................................................................ 13
Repair Methods and Costs .......................................................................................................................... 14
Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................... 22

List of Tables and Figures

Table 1 - PAVER Software Condition Categories........................................................................................... 3


Table 2 - Sample of Categories of Failures .................................................................................................. 12
Table 3 - Summary of PCI Assessment ........................................................................................................ 13
Table 4 - Reconstruction ............................................................................................................................. 14
Table 5 - Maintenance ................................................................................................................................ 16
Table 6 - Opinion of Cost by Street/Maintenance Type ............................................................................. 20
Table 7 - Annual Costs to Maintain PCI of 52.............................................................................................. 21
Table 8 - Annual Cost to Increase PCI from 52 to 60 .................................................................................. 21

Figure 1 - Categories of Roadway ................................................................................................................. 2


Figure 2 Condition Category Good ......................................................................................................... 4
Figure 3 - Condition Category "Satisfactory" ................................................................................................ 5
Figure 4 - Condition Category "Fair" ............................................................................................................. 6
Figure 5 - Condition Category "Poor" ........................................................................................................... 7
Figure 6 - Condition Category "Very Poor" ................................................................................................... 8
Figure 7 - Condition Category "Serious" ....................................................................................................... 9
Figure 8 - Condition Category "Failed" ....................................................................................................... 10
Figure 9 Summary of PCI Assessment ...................................................................................................... 14
Figure 10 - Time Versus Condition Relationship ......................................................................................... 21
Introduction
Asset management of public infrastructure is a key principle for a vibrant and thriving community.
The City of Brighton recognizes the importance of maintaining and improving its systems and, as
such, engaged Tetra Tech to perform a condition assessment of the public streets and assist the
City with identifying and prioritizing repairs to elevate the overall condition of the street network.
In October 2016 the City authorized the inventory of approximately 30 miles of public roads to
provide a pavement condition index (PCI) rating and the incorporation of that data into a future
asset management software system.

Background
The City of Brighton last performed a street assessment in the 1990s as a precursor to the Citys
street millage program. An annual program was undertaken that repaired or rebuilt the Citys
infrastructure up until the economic crisis in 2008/2009. Since that time only minor repairs have
been made due to funding constraints. As expected, the street condition has suffered in recent
years due to a lack of attention and recent increases in traffic throughout the City.
According to the current Act 51 tabulation the City has 12 miles of major roads and 18 miles of
local roads that it maintains and operates. Roadways are defined in four categories:

Arterial (Grand River)


Collector (Challis, Main)
Industrial (Advance, Interior)
Residential
A map showing the categories of roadway for the City is presented in Figure 1.

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 1 March 2017
Figure 1 - Categories of Roadway

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 2 March 2017
PAVEMENT CONDITION ASSESSMENT
City of Brighton, Michigan
200-12766-17001

Prepared By

March 2017
Table of Contents

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 1
Background ................................................................................................................................................... 1
Field Investigation and Condition Rating .................................................................................................... 11
Condition Assessment Summary ................................................................................................................ 13
Repair Methods and Costs .......................................................................................................................... 14
Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................... 22

List of Tables and Figures

Table 1 - PAVER Software Condition Categories........................................................................................... 3


Table 2 - Sample of Categories of Failures .................................................................................................. 12
Table 3 - Summary of PCI Assessment ........................................................................................................ 13
Table 4 - Reconstruction ............................................................................................................................. 14
Table 5 - Maintenance ................................................................................................................................ 16
Table 6 - Opinion of Cost by Street/Maintenance Type ............................................................................. 20
Table 7 - Annual Costs to Maintain PCI of 52.............................................................................................. 21
Table 8 - Annual Cost to Increase PCI from 52 to 60 .................................................................................. 21

Figure 1 - Categories of Roadway ................................................................................................................. 2


Figure 2 Condition Category Good ......................................................................................................... 4
Figure 3 - Condition Category "Satisfactory" ................................................................................................ 5
Figure 4 - Condition Category "Fair" ............................................................................................................. 6
Figure 5 - Condition Category "Poor" ........................................................................................................... 7
Figure 6 - Condition Category "Very Poor" ................................................................................................... 8
Figure 7 - Condition Category "Serious" ....................................................................................................... 9
Figure 8 - Condition Category "Failed" ....................................................................................................... 10
Figure 9 Summary of PCI Assessment ...................................................................................................... 14
Figure 10 - Time Versus Condition Relationship ......................................................................................... 21
Introduction
Asset management of public infrastructure is a key principle for a vibrant and thriving community.
The City of Brighton recognizes the importance of maintaining and improving its systems and, as
such, engaged Tetra Tech to perform a condition assessment of the public streets and assist the
City with identifying and prioritizing repairs to elevate the overall condition of the street network.
In October 2016 the City authorized the inventory of approximately 30 miles of public roads to
provide a pavement condition index (PCI) rating and the incorporation of that data into a future
asset management software system.

Background
The City of Brighton last performed a street assessment in the 1990s as a precursor to the Citys
street millage program. An annual program was undertaken that repaired or rebuilt the Citys
infrastructure up until the economic crisis in 2008/2009. Since that time only minor repairs have
been made due to funding constraints. As expected, the street condition has suffered in recent
years due to a lack of attention and recent increases in traffic throughout the City.
According to the current Act 51 tabulation the City has 12 miles of major roads and 18 miles of
local roads that it maintains and operates. Roadways are defined in four categories:

Arterial (Grand River)


Collector (Challis, Main)
Industrial (Advance, Interior)
Residential
A map showing the categories of roadway for the City is presented in Figure 1.

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 1 March 2017
Figure 1 - Categories of Roadway

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 2 March 2017
The condition assessment is based on the PAVER software standards to determine an overall
condition ranking of the specific section of the road. The PAVER rankings are numerical from 0
to 100, with 0 being a failed condition and 100 being perfect. Table 1 shows the condition
categories according to the PAVER software.
Table 1 - PAVER Software Condition Categories

Condition PCI Low PCI High


Good 86 100
Satisfactory 71 85
Fair 56 70
Poor 41 55
Very Poor 26 40
Serious 11 25
Failed 0 10

Presented in the following figures are samples from the field observation that illustrate the
condition of the roadway for each condition ranking. The PAVER database contains this individual
data for all streets in the City.

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 3 March 2017
The condition assessment is based on the PAVER software standards to determine an overall
condition ranking of the specific section of the road. The PAVER rankings are numerical from 0
to 100, with 0 being a failed condition and 100 being perfect. Table 1 shows the condition
categories according to the PAVER software.
Table 1 - PAVER Software Condition Categories

Condition PCI Low PCI High


Good 86 100
Satisfactory 71 85
Fair 56 70
Poor 41 55
Very Poor 26 40
Serious 11 25
Failed 0 10

Presented in the following figures are samples from the field observation that illustrate the
condition of the roadway for each condition ranking. The PAVER database contains this individual
data for all streets in the City.

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 3 March 2017
Figure 2 Condition Category Good

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City of Brighton, MI 4 March 2017
Figure 3 - Condition Category "Satisfactory"

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City of Brighton, MI 5 March 2017
Figure 4 - Condition Category "Fair"

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City of Brighton, MI 6 March 2017
Figure 5 - Condition Category "Poor"

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City of Brighton, MI 7 March 2017
Figure 6 - Condition Category "Very Poor"

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City of Brighton, MI 8 March 2017
Figure 7 - Condition Category "Serious"

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City of Brighton, MI 9 March 2017
Figure 8 - Condition Category "Failed"

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 10 March 2017
The PAVER software requires an input of the location and condition rating of the specific street.
This information is then summarized to obtain an overall rating of the street conditions within the
City. The software also provides an analysis tool to predict the condition of the streets given a
repair and maintenance budget over a five-year planning period. This tool will be useful in
developing the Citys Capital Improvement program.
Condition ratings are prioritized into high, medium, and low for the different types of street. Arterial
streets have the highest priority which represents the criticality of failure of the infrastructure. This
prioritization provides a basis for planning for improvements. For example, if a decision needs to
be made between an industrial street with a poor condition rating and a local street with the same
condition rating, the industrial street would show a higher priority for allocating available road
funds.

Field Investigation and Condition Rating


The condition of each roadway was visually inspected by walking each street. The observed
distresses were noted and each segment assigned a rating according to the PAVER system. The
condition assessment was performed in accordance with ASTM D6433-11 Standard Practice for
Roads and Parking Lots Pavement Condition Index Surveys. Our reports for each roadway are
provided for reference in the appendices. The observed pavement distresses were categorized
by type of distress and severity. A sample of the different categories of failures is provided below.

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 11 March 2017
Table 2 - Sample of Categories of Failures
ASPHALT PAVEMENT
ID # PAVEMENT DISTRESS LOW MEDIUM HIGH
Alligator Cracking (SF)
Fine, longitudinal hairline Further development of cracks into Network or pattern cracking well
1 Less than 1.5 feet on longest side
cracks, not spalled pattern, may be lightly spalled defined, spalled at edges

Block Cracking (SF)


3 1 by 1 ft to 10 by 10 ft Low severity cracks Medium severity cracks High severity cracks

Any crack filled or non-filled


Non-filled 3/8" and < 3" or non-
surrounded by medium or high
Non-filled less than 3/8" or filled with light random cracking
10 Longitudinal and Transverse Cracking (LF) severity cracking or non-filled crack
filled any width or filled crack surrounded by light
3" or crack where 4" around crack
random cracking
broken
Low or medium cracking, no Medium cracks with some breakup
7 Edge Cracking (LF) Considerable breakup or raveling
breakup or raveling and raveling
3/8" and < 1.5" or area around 1.5" or area around crack is broken
17 Slippage Cracking (SF) < 3/8"
crack moderately spalled or into easily removed pieces
Non-filled 3/8" and < 3" or non- Any crack filled or non-filled
filled 3" or non-filled 3" with surrounded by medium or high
Non-filled less than 3/8" or
8 Joint Reflection Cracking (LF) light secondary cracking or filled severity cracking or non-filled crack
filled any width
crack surrounded by light secondary 3" or crack where 4" around crack
cracking broken

4 Bumps and Sags (LF) Low Severity Ride Quality Medium Severity Ride Quality High Severity Ride Quality

5 Corrugation (SF) Low Severity Ride Quality Medium Severity Ride Quality High Severity Ride Quality

6 Depression (SF) 1/2" to 1" 1" to 2" 2"

15 Rutting (SF) 1/4" to 1/2" 1/2" to 1" 1"

16 Shoving (SF) Low Severity Ride Quality Medium Severity Ride Quality High Severity Ride Quality

18 Swell (SF) Low Severity Ride Quality Medium Severity Ride Quality High Severity Ride Quality

13 Potholes (Each) 1/2" to 1" 1/2" to 1" > 1" to 2"


4" to 8" Dia. 18" to 30" Dia. 18" to 30" Dia.
8" to 18" Dia. 1" to 2" > 2"
8" to 18" Dia. 18" to 18" Dia.
> 2"
4" to 8" Dia.
8" to 18" Dia.
Good Condition, ride quality Moderately deteriorated, ride Badly deteriorated, ride quality high
11 Patching and Utility Cut Patching (SF)
low severity quality medium severity severity
2 Bleeding (SF) Slight Degree Few days a year Sticks to shoes Few weeks a year Extensive Several weeks a year

12 Polished Aggregate (SF) No degrees of severity are defined. However, the degree of polishing should be clearly evident. (Y/N)

Surface very rough and pitted, may


19 Raveling (SF) Considerable loss of aggregate
be completely removed
20 Weathering (SF) Edges less than 0.05" Edges up to 1/4" Edges greater than 1/4"

9 Lane/Shoulder Drop-off (LF) > 1" 2" >2" 4" > 4"

14 Railroad Crossing (SF) Low Severity Ride Quality Medium Ride Quality High Severity Ride Quality

The street dimensions were also recorded during the field investigation. Length and width along
with type of pavement were noted for inclusion in the PAVER software. Since streets have a
variety of distress types it is difficult to inventory every failure point. The ASTM guidelines

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 12 March 2017
recognizes this and stipulates that for the field assessment, the street be divided into typical
sections and the condition of that test section used to develop an average rating for the entire
street. Once a street is selected for either maintenance or reconstruction activities a more
detailed evaluation of the types of repairs will be performed as part of the design.
The field data, physical information, type of street and priority of the street were input into the
PAVER software to determine the condition index rating of each street and the average condition
for the entire street network. A base map of the results of the condition assessment and software
analysis is include in the appendix.

Condition Assessment Summary


The pavement condition index (PCI) was developed for all City streets. The index was computed
using the PAVER software and its analysis of the condition data observed in the field. The overall
weighted average PCI for Brighton streets is 52. Listed below is a summary of the PCI ranges
and the number of streets that fall into each ranking.

Table 3 - Summary of PCI Assessment

Condition Low High All Arterial Collector Industrial Residential


Good 86 100 21 9.2% 4 12.9% 2 16.7% 4 36.4% 11 6.3%
Satisfactory 71 85 25 11.0% 5 16.1% 4 33.3% 0 0.0% 16 9.2%
Fair 56 70 32 14.0% 7 22.6% 2 16.7% 3 27.3% 20 11.5%
Poor 41 55 74 32.5% 6 19.4% 4 33.3% 3 27.3% 61 35.1%
Very Poor 26 40 55 24.1% 7 22.6% 0 0.0% 1 9.1% 47 27.0%
Serious 11 25 15 6.6% 2 6.5% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 13 7.5%
Failed 0 10 6 2.6% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 6 3.4%
Totals: 228 100.0% 31 100.0% 12 100.0% 11 100.0% 174 100.0%
Average PCI Based on
52.0 54.8 74.8 70.3 46.2
Individual Segment Area:

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 13 March 2017
Roadway Current Condition

2,000,000.00

1,800,000.00

1,600,000.00
SqFt of Roadway Surface

1,400,000.00

1,200,000.00

1,000,000.00

800,000.00

600,000.00

400,000.00

200,000.00

.00
FAILED Serious VERY POOR POOR FAIR Satisfactory GOOD
03-06-2017

Figure 9 Summary of PCI Assessment

A tabulation of all streets and their individual rankings is provided in the appendix.

Repair Methods and Costs


The benefit and capabilities of the PAVER software is its ability to forecast street conditions given
certain budgetary and condition goals of the City. The software allows the user to select a
threshold for specific repairs or reconstruction activities based on the PCI for the street. For the
purposes of this study, it was assumed that any road with a PCI of 40 or less, poor to failing
ratings, would be considered for reconstruction. Streets with a PCI of 41 to 55 are candidates for
resurfacing, and ones in better condition are estimated for maintenance/crack sealing efforts. The
1995 street condition study defined reconstruction as milling and overlaying pavement removal
and replacement, curb and gutter replacement, repair of stormwater catch basins, and minor
drainage improvements. Maintenance included crack sealing, pavement patching, and
bituminous sealing. These definitions appear to be consistent with todays industry and were
used in developing the costs for the repairs. The following tables show the streets whose
condition warranted reconstruction and those meeting the threshold for maintenance activities.

Table 4 - Reconstruction

BranchID Name SectionID Length Units Area Units Rank PCI PCI Category
4100 Challis 01 453.0 Ft 32,594.00 SqFt B 39.00 Very Poor
2048 Church st 01 344.0 Ft 12,057.00 SqFt B 36.00 Very Poor
2049 Rickett rd 01 641.0 Ft 25,627.00 SqFt B 34.00 Very Poor
3065 W Main st 08 189.0 Ft 3,028.00 SqFt B 33.00 Very Poor
2049 Rickett rd 06 709.0 Ft 10,638.00 SqFt B 32.00 Very Poor
2049 Rickett rd 04 140.0 Ft 5,326.00 SqFt B 29.00 Very Poor

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 14 March 2017
BranchID Name SectionID Length Units Area Units Rank PCI PCI Category
3065 W Main st 11 218.0 Ft 3,915.00 SqFt B 28.00 Very Poor
3061 Spencer 05 316.0 Ft 10,118.00 SqFt B 15.00 Serious
2049 Rickett rd 07 1726.0 Ft 65,594.00 SqFt B 14.00 Serious
1033 Woodlake circle cul-de- 02 95.0 Ft 6,642.00 SqFt E 40.00 Very Poor
2051 sac
Hope st 01 187.0 Ft 3,930.00 SqFt E 40.00 Very Poor
1021 Cul-de-sac (Long Leaf) 02 310.0 Ft 7,739.00 SqFt E 39.00 Very Poor
1003 High Tree cul-de-sac 01 530.0 Ft 15,902.00 SqFt E 38.00 Very Poor
2027 Cobblestone cul-de-sac 01 255.0 Ft 8,148.00 SqFt E 38.00 Very Poor
3029 Cross st 05 71.0 Ft 2,848.00 SqFt E 38.00 Very Poor
3029 Cross st 2 125.0 Ft 2,757.00 SqFt E 38.00 Very Poor
3000 Seventh st 02 169.0 Ft 3,707.00 SqFt E 37.00 Very Poor
3058 S East St 01 820.0 Ft 16,399.00 SqFt E 37.00 Very Poor
1012 Pepperwood cul-de-sac 01 59.0 Ft 1,782.00 SqFt E 36.00 Very Poor
2008 Seward 01 598.0 Ft 15,557.00 SqFt E 36.00 Very Poor
2040 S. 7th st 01 1300.0 Ft 45,516.00 SqFt E 36.00 Very Poor
3052 Nelson st 01 1151.0 Ft 31,070.00 SqFt E 36.00 Very Poor
2002 Devonshire cul-de-sac 05 109.0 Ft 5,331.00 SqFt E 35.00 Very Poor
2036 S. 2nd st 01 1096.0 Ft 21,911.00 SqFt E 35.00 Very Poor
2043 W. North st 02 520.0 Ft 12,484.00 SqFt E 35.00 Very Poor
3051 Hillcrest ave 02 666.0 Ft 13,314.00 SqFt E 35.00 Very Poor
3049 Church st 01 1102.0 Ft 28,649.00 SqFt E 34.00 Very Poor
3007 4th 01 342.0 Ft 8,204.00 SqFt E 34.00 Very Poor
3009 Walnut 01 713.0 Ft 17,104.00 SqFt E 34.00 Very Poor
3012 Chestnut 01 327.0 Ft 6,539.00 SqFt E 34.00 Very Poor
2006 Lincoln cul-de-sac 01 1952.0 Ft 50,758.00 SqFt E 33.00 Very Poor
2014 Sisu Knoll 01 1294.0 Ft 41,415.00 SqFt E 33.00 Very Poor
3059 E north St 01 401.0 Ft 9,631.00 SqFt E 33.00 Very Poor
3006 Fifth 01 343.0 Ft 7,541.00 SqFt E 33.00 Very Poor
3061 Spencer 02 499.0 Ft 9,980.00 SqFt E 33.00 Very Poor
1007 Durwood cul-de-sac 02 135.0 Ft 12,262.00 SqFt E 32.00 Very Poor
2011 Robertson Dr 01 1033.0 Ft 31,001.00 SqFt E 32.00 Very Poor
3027 Brookside ln 01 571.0 Ft 21,716.00 SqFt E 32.00 Very Poor
2029 Drummers Ln cul-de- 01 120.0 Ft 3,227.00 SqFt E 31.00 Very Poor
3030 sac
Vickie Lane 01 274.0 Ft 4,392.00 SqFt E 31.00 Very Poor
3001 State st 02 335.0 Ft 7,361.00 SqFt E 31.00 Very Poor
1000 Peppergrove 02 1363.0 Ft 40,879.00 SqFt E 30.00 Very Poor
1002 Baywood cul-de-sac 01 2889.0 Ft 86,674.00 SqFt E 30.00 Very Poor
1011 Maplegrove cul-de-sac 02 125.0 Ft 12,246.00 SqFt E 30.00 Very Poor
2003 Alpine dr 01 2110.0 Ft 56,964.00 SqFt E 30.00 Very Poor
3047 St. Paul st 01 1002.0 Ft 20,048.00 SqFt E 30.00 Very Poor
2052 Kissane 01 1497.0 Ft 41,909.00 SqFt E 30.00 Very Poor
1003 High Tree cul-de-sac 02 142.0 Ft 12,257.00 SqFt E 29.00 Very Poor
1011 Maplegrove cul-de-sac 01 122.0 Ft 3,646.00 SqFt E 29.00 Very Poor

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 15 March 2017
BranchID Name SectionID Length Units Area Units Rank PCI PCI Category
1013 Peachwood cul-de-sac 01 240.0 Ft 7,197.00 SqFt E 29.00 Very Poor
2001 Fairway Trails Dr 01 2914.0 Ft 90,344.00 SqFt E 29.00 Very Poor
3041 Flint st 01 356.0 Ft 11,384.00 SqFt E 29.00 Very Poor
3000 Seventh st 01 308.0 Ft 6,782.00 SqFt E 29.00 Very Poor
2050 Becker 01 1228.0 Ft 18,421.00 SqFt E 28.00 Very Poor
3051 Hillcrest ave 01 1114.0 Ft 22,281.00 SqFt E 28.00 Very Poor
1032 Tanglewood cul-de-sac 02 106.0 Ft 6,643.00 SqFt E 27.00 Very Poor
1002 Baywood cul-de-sac 03 73.0 Ft 5,327.00 SqFt E 26.00 Very Poor
2005 Glenwyth 01 604.0 Ft 21,749.00 SqFt E 26.00 Very Poor
2029 Drummers Ln cul-de- 02 85.0 Ft 5,538.00 SqFt E 26.00 Very Poor
3005 sac
6th 01 325.0 Ft 7,141.00 SqFt E 26.00 Very Poor
3060 Dutcher st 01 391.0 Ft 9,385.00 SqFt E 25.00 Serious
1000 Peppergrove 01 2442.0 Ft 73,268.00 SqFt E 24.00 Serious
2009 Alpine ct cul-de-sac 01 269.0 Ft 7,266.00 SqFt E 24.00 Serious
3048 Leith st 01 466.0 Ft 9,318.00 SqFt E 24.00 Serious
3002 Third st. 01 416.0 Ft 9,162.00 SqFt E 24.00 Serious
2042 Michigan st 02 237.0 Ft 4,730.00 SqFt E 19.00 Serious
3003 Chestnut 01 147.0 Ft 4,421.00 SqFt E 18.00 Serious
3039 Beaver st 01 338.0 Ft 13,527.00 SqFt E 17.00 Serious
3029 Cross st 01 62.0 Ft 1,231.00 SqFt E 12.00 Serious
2041 Livingston st 02 191.0 Ft 3,818.00 SqFt E 11.00 Serious
3006 Fifth 02 327.0 Ft 7,193.00 SqFt E 8.00 Failed
3008 Fourth 01 728.0 Ft 16,011.00 SqFt E 4.00 Failed
3004 Chestnut 01 330.0 Ft 6,610.00 SqFt E 1.00 Failed
3001 State st 01 969.0 Ft 21,314.00 SqFt E .00 Failed
3064 Maple 01 285.0 Ft 3,421.00 SqFt E .00 Failed
2028 Summit st cul-de-sac 01 1272.0 Ft 39,430.00 SqFt I 39.00 Very Poor

Table 5 - Maintenance

BranchID Name SectionID Length Units Area Units Rank PCI PCI Category
3065 W Main st 12 710.00 Ft 30,515.00 SqFt B 85.00 Satisfactory
3065 W Main st 01 363.00 Ft 8,714.00 SqFt B 85.00 Satisfactory
2049 Rickett rd 03 179.00 Ft 4,825.00 SqFt B 81.00 Satisfactory
3065 W Main st 06 327.00 Ft 10,464.00 SqFt B 78.00 Satisfactory
3065 W Main st 14 890.00 Ft 50,742.00 SqFt B 73.00 Satisfactory
3065 W Main st 04 371.00 Ft 16,308.00 SqFt B 72.00 Satisfactory
2053 Grand River 03 391.00 Ft 26,965.00 SqFt B 70.00 Fair
3065 W Main st 07 192.00 Ft 3,076.00 SqFt B 68.00 Fair
3065 W Main st 02 1,737.00 Ft 57,312.00 SqFt B 68.00 Fair
2049 Rickett rd 02 394.00 Ft 13,795.00 SqFt B 67.00 Fair
2049 Rickett rd 05 710.00 Ft 7,808.00 SqFt B 65.00 Fair
2053 Grand River 01 1,412.00 Ft 42,369.00 SqFt B 64.00 Fair

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 16 March 2017
BranchID Name SectionID Length Units Area Units Rank PCI PCI Category
2053 Grand River 04 310.00 Ft 24,194.00 SqFt B 64.00 Fair
2053 Grand River 05 327.00 Ft 22,590.00 SqFt B 54.00 Poor
4100 Challis 02 1,501.00 Ft 90,053.00 SqFt B 52.00 Poor
3061 Spencer 04 808.00 Ft 35,564.00 SqFt B 51.00 Poor
2053 Grand River 06 2,222.00 Ft 133,307.00 SqFt B 49.00 Poor
2053 Grand River 02 3,442.00 Ft 206,540.00 SqFt B 48.00 Poor
3065 W Main st 10 163.00 Ft 2,614.00 SqFt B 44.00 Poor
3035 E Liberty st 01 370.00 Ft 11,835.00 SqFt C 81.00 Satisfactory
3036 Flint rd 01 3,135.00 Ft 68,967.00 SqFt C 79.00 Satisfactory
2046 Brighton lake rd 02 1,385.00 Ft 34,618.00 SqFt C 72.00 Satisfactory
2046 Brighton lake rd 01 657.00 Ft 23,646.00 SqFt C 71.00 Satisfactory
2058 S. 3rd st 02 1,868.00 Ft 76,578.00 SqFt C 62.00 Fair
2046 Brighton lake rd 04 3,233.00 Ft 80,837.00 SqFt C 62.00 Fair
3066 Third st 02 165.00 Ft 1,978.00 SqFt C 59.00 Fair
2047 Rickett rd 01 529.00 Ft 21,152.00 SqFt C 51.00 Poor
3066 Third st 01 156.00 Ft 1,876.00 SqFt C 51.00 Poor
3024 Library dr 02 595.00 Ft 15,458.00 SqFt C 48.00 Poor
3024 Library dr 03 422.00 Ft 16,044.00 SqFt C 45.00 Poor
3017 Cross St 03 63.00 Ft 1,267.00 SqFt E 84.00 Satisfactory
2037 S. 4th st 01 626.00 Ft 12,512.00 SqFt E 80.00 Satisfactory
3017 Cross St 4 234.00 Ft 4,916.00 SqFt E 80.00 Satisfactory
2012 Oakridge circle cul-de-sac 02 93.00 Ft 6,940.00 SqFt E 79.00 Satisfactory
2033 1st st 01 744.00 Ft 14,887.00 SqFt E 78.00 Satisfactory
2038 S. 5th st 01 299.00 Ft 5,972.00 SqFt E 77.00 Satisfactory
3044 E Saint Paul st 01 342.00 Ft 12,321.00 SqFt E 77.00 Satisfactory
3017 Cross St 02 221.00 Ft 4,412.00 SqFt E 76.00 Satisfactory
3017 Cross St 5 276.00 Ft 12,164.00 SqFt E 76.00 Satisfactory
3009 Walnut 02 331.00 Ft 7,283.00 SqFt E 76.00 Satisfactory
2000 OakRidge cul-de-sac 04 656.00 Ft 21,663.00 SqFt E 73.00 Satisfactory
2041 Livingston st 01 502.00 Ft 10,044.00 SqFt E 73.00 Satisfactory
3066 Third st 04 155.00 Ft 2,329.00 SqFt E 73.00 Satisfactory
3045 St Paul St 01 328.00 Ft 3,940.00 SqFt E 71.00 Satisfactory
3020 Whintey 01 672.00 Ft 18,817.00 SqFt E 71.00 Satisfactory
3053 Williamsen dr 01 2,091.00 Ft 50,195.00 SqFt E 71.00 Satisfactory
2000 OakRidge cul-de-sac 07 98.00 Ft 6,078.00 SqFt E 70.00 Fair
2014 Sisu Knoll 03 54.00 Ft 1,836.00 SqFt E 70.00 Fair
2034 Madison 01 1,948.00 Ft 38,968.00 SqFt E 69.00 Fair
3011 First 01 513.00 Ft 11,288.00 SqFt E 69.00 Fair
2027 Cobblestone cul-de-sac 02 365.00 Ft 9,500.00 SqFt E 68.00 Fair
2013 Glenwyth circle cul-de-sac 01 200.00 Ft 6,788.00 SqFt E 66.00 Fair
3010 Center 01 813.00 Ft 17,889.00 SqFt E 65.00 Fair
2039 S. 6th st 01 303.00 Ft 6,063.00 SqFt E 64.00 Fair

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 17 March 2017
BranchID Name SectionID Length Units Area Units Rank PCI PCI Category
2042 Michigan st 01 548.00 Ft 10,962.00 SqFt E 64.00 Fair
3037 N east st 01 1,343.00 Ft 40,297.00 SqFt E 64.00 Fair
3029 Cross st 04 104.00 Ft 1,669.00 SqFt E 63.00 Fair
2005 Glenwyth 02 1,869.00 Ft 63,560.00 SqFt E 62.00 Fair
2012 Oakridge circle cul-de-sac 01 369.00 Ft 12,545.00 SqFt E 61.00 Fair
3014 N first st 01 339.00 Ft 12,897.00 SqFt E 61.00 Fair
3015 Cedar st 01 284.00 Ft 8,516.00 SqFt E 60.00 Fair
3050 School 01 1,107.00 Ft 22,147.00 SqFt E 60.00 Fair
3062 Hope St 01 548.00 Ft 10,956.00 SqFt E 60.00 Fair
2058 S. 3rd st 01 1,124.00 Ft 24,725.00 SqFt E 59.00 Fair
3040 Beaver st 01 666.00 Ft 15,984.00 SqFt E 59.00 Fair
2044 West st 01 379.00 Ft 11,376.00 SqFt E 57.00 Fair
2002 Devonshire cul-de-sac 04 245.00 Ft 6,623.00 SqFt E 56.00 Fair
1031 Whispering Oaks 01 967.00 Ft 30,931.00 SqFt E 55.00 Poor
1033 Woodlake circle cul-de- 01 365.00 Ft 11,675.00 SqFt E 55.00 Poor
sac
2030 Franklin st 01 1,036.00 Ft 20,714.00 SqFt E 55.00 Poor
3018 2nd st 01 803.00 Ft 29,714.00 SqFt E 55.00 Poor
3066 Third st 03 156.00 Ft 2,335.00 SqFt E 55.00 Poor
1021 Cul-de-sac (Long Leaf) 01 919.00 Ft 31,232.00 SqFt E 54.00 Poor
2000 OakRidge cul-de-sac 01 3,363.00 Ft 80,712.00 SqFt E 54.00 Poor
2035 Lakeside 02 613.00 Ft 12,268.00 SqFt E 54.00 Poor
2057 Appian Way 03 394.00 Ft 15,746.00 SqFt E 54.00 Poor
2045 Pierce st 01 352.00 Ft 11,957.00 SqFt E 53.00 Poor
2035 Lakeside 01 1,383.00 Ft 27,658.00 SqFt E 52.00 Poor
2043 W. North st 03 298.00 Ft 14,318.00 SqFt E 52.00 Poor
3055 S church st 01 694.00 Ft 22,891.00 SqFt E 52.00 Poor
3057 Clark 01 384.00 Ft 7,684.00 SqFt E 52.00 Poor
3005 6th 02 169.00 Ft 3,708.00 SqFt E 52.00 Poor
1014 Northern Ridge 02 142.00 Ft 3,415.00 SqFt E 51.00 Poor
1022 Black Walnut 02 674.00 Ft 20,909.00 SqFt E 51.00 Poor
2000 OakRidge cul-de-sac 06 710.00 Ft 19,172.00 SqFt E 51.00 Poor
2010 Fairway Trails ct. Cul-de- 02 106.00 Ft 5,802.00 SqFt E 51.00 Poor
sac
3046 West 01 181.00 Ft 2,177.00 SqFt E 51.00 Poor
2055 Odoherty 01 1,621.00 Ft 48,641.00 SqFt E 51.00 Poor
3056 Spencer 01 780.00 Ft 25,737.00 SqFt E 51.00 Poor
2043 W. North st 01 212.00 Ft 8,485.00 SqFt E 50.00 Poor
3101 Deeside 01 606.00 Ft 12,121.00 SqFt E 50.00 Poor
2002 Devonshire cul-de-sac 01 1,802.00 Ft 54,062.00 SqFt E 49.00 Poor
2002 Devonshire cul-de-sac 03 258.00 Ft 6,185.00 SqFt E 49.00 Poor
1014 Northern Ridge 03 131.00 Ft 1,833.00 SqFt E 48.00 Poor
3021 Mill Pond Rd 01 258.00 Ft 6,955.00 SqFt E 48.00 Poor

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 18 March 2017
BranchID Name SectionID Length Units Area Units Rank PCI PCI Category
2000 OakRidge cul-de-sac 05 459.00 Ft 14,218.00 SqFt E 47.00 Poor
2010 Fairway Trails ct. Cul-de- 01 115.00 Ft 3,102.00 SqFt E 47.00 Poor
sac
3101 Deeside 02 1,186.00 Ft 28,452.00 SqFt E 47.00 Poor
3013 N first st 01 287.00 Ft 5,744.00 SqFt E 47.00 Poor
1007 Durwood cul-de-sac 01 270.00 Ft 8,112.00 SqFt E 46.00 Poor
1022 Black Walnut 01 168.00 Ft 6,550.00 SqFt E 46.00 Poor
1030 Woodlake 01 3,395.00 Ft 108,624.00 SqFt E 46.00 Poor
2031 Washington 01 2,457.00 Ft 71,255.00 SqFt E 46.00 Poor
2032 Hyne st 01 457.00 Ft 18,742.00 SqFt E 46.00 Poor
3018 2nd st 02 2,090.00 Ft 77,318.00 SqFt E 46.00 Poor
2014 Sisu Knoll 02 391.00 Ft 13,303.00 SqFt E 45.00 Poor
2015 Rita Ann cul-de-sac 02 101.00 Ft 6,938.00 SqFt E 45.00 Poor
2057 Appian Way 01 125.00 Ft 12,260.00 SqFt E 45.00 Poor
2057 Appian Way 02 1,062.00 Ft 31,858.00 SqFt E 45.00 Poor
1000 Peppergrove 03 189.00 Ft 6,799.00 SqFt E 44.00 Poor
1013 Peachwood cul-de-sac 02 125.00 Ft 12,297.00 SqFt E 44.00 Poor
2004 Fairway Trails 01 1,243.00 Ft 33,573.00 SqFt E 44.00 Poor
2007 Welles ct 01 307.00 Ft 7,979.00 SqFt E 44.00 Poor
2009 Alpine ct cul-de-sac 02 98.00 Ft 5,535.00 SqFt E 44.00 Poor
3061 Spencer 01 61.00 Ft 1,217.00 SqFt E 44.00 Poor
3061 Spencer 03 740.00 Ft 14,803.00 SqFt E 44.00 Poor
1014 Northern Ridge 01 3,481.00 Ft 132,272.00 SqFt E 43.00 Poor
2006 Lincoln cul-de-sac 02 87.00 Ft 5,022.00 SqFt E 43.00 Poor
1002 Baywood cul-de-sac 02 65.00 Ft 6,132.00 SqFt E 42.00 Poor
1032 Tanglewood cul-de-sac 01 205.00 Ft 6,553.00 SqFt E 42.00 Poor
2013 Glenwyth circle cul-de-sac 02 93.00 Ft 6,947.00 SqFt E 42.00 Poor
2015 Rita Ann cul-de-sac 01 340.00 Ft 11,551.00 SqFt E 42.00 Poor
3029 Cross st 03 143.00 Ft 1,711.00 SqFt E 42.00 Poor
1012 Pepperwood cul-de-sac 02 126.00 Ft 12,320.00 SqFt E 41.00 Poor
1026 Heather Tree ln 01 999.00 Ft 30,971.00 SqFt E 41.00 Poor
2002 Devonshire cul-de-sac 02 245.00 Ft 5,869.00 SqFt E 41.00 Poor
2054 Maurice 01 647.00 Ft 19,395.00 SqFt E 41.00 Poor
2056 Odoherty 01 173.00 Ft 5,186.00 SqFt E 41.00 Poor
3022 Charles H. Orndorf 02 428.00 Ft 23,137.00 SqFt I 70.00 Fair
3019 Advance 02 108.00 Ft 9,098.00 SqFt I 62.00 Fair
3067 Karl Griemal 01 1,312.00 Ft 49,868.00 SqFt I 59.00 Fair
3022 Charles H. Orndorf 01 2,228.00 Ft 80,190.00 SqFt I 57.00 Fair
2028 Summit st cul-de-sac 02 70.00 Ft 3,846.00 SqFt I 50.00 Poor
3019 Advance 01 1,332.00 Ft 54,592.00 SqFt I 44.00 Poor
3022 Charles H. Orndorf 03 206.00 Ft 7,426.00 SqFt I 42.00 Poor

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 19 March 2017
Unit costs for repair and reconstruction were applied to the individual streets according to the type
of service recommended by the PAVER software. Listed below are the results of the calculations
showing the opinion of cost for the type of street and the type of maintenance based on the PCI
rating.
Table 6 - Opinion of Cost by Street/Maintenance Type

Type Reconstruct Resurface Maintenance Total


Arterial $1,411,978.92 $1,717,338.00 $133,936.51 $3,263,253.43

Collector $0.00 $162,499.40 $34,363.06 $196,862.46

Industrial $314,257.10 $196,274.72 $53,287.18 $563,819.00

Residential $7,428,993.00 $2,645,021.60 $199,701.55 $10,273,716.15

TOTALS: $9,155,229.02 $4,721,133.72 $421,288.30 $14,297,651.04

Annual maintenance such as crack sealing and bituminous patching provides the greatest return
in terms of condition for the dollars spent. Pavements retain their condition fairly well as long as
moisture penetration is prevented and small repairs addressed in a timely manner. As pavements
move from good to poor condition the timeframe accelerates towards failure.
The total cost to raise all roads to a PCI of 85 or better would be just less than $14,300,000.
Undertaking all the improvements in one project is unfeasible. However, the City can utilize the
PAVER software to plan for a desired condition, and with that, determine what magnitude of
funding would be required to achieve your goals.
As the City uses the PAVER tool for developing its capital improvement plan, the assumptions
and thresholds can be changed as deemed necessary. It may be desirable to have a different
threshold for reconstruction based on the type of street. For instance, the arterial streets may
have a PCI threshold of 60 before reconstruction given the criticality of the roadway and user
backlash if it falls into a poor or failing condition. This would change the annual budgeting and
the resultant increase in PCI based on the repair and maintenance actions selected.
It is also important to determine a goal for the overall PCI that the City wants to achieve. The
software provides inputs for an overall goal after five years and calculates the annual budget
required to reach this goal. Again, several trials and scenarios will need to be developed to
determine the goal that can be achieved given funding availability.
For this study it was assumed that any road rating below 40 would be reconstructed and others
would have maintenance activities performed. From this, two trial scenarios were run with the
PAVER software to illustrate the capabilities and order of magnitude for the road repair budget.
The first scenario shows the annual funding required to maintain the current PCI level. This is an
important benchmark in that as roadways age the condition decreases more sharply with time
from a fair to failure condition than from new to fair. The curve below shows this time versus
condition relationship and the anticipated costs in maintenance versus reconstruction.

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 20 March 2017
Figure 10 - Time Versus Condition Relationship

The trial scenario to maintain the current PCI rating over the next five years resulted in an annual
budget of $1,500,000 distributed between those roads needing maintenance and some
reconstruction.
Table 7 - Annual Costs to Maintain PCI of 52
Major Under Major Above Layer
Stop Gap Preventive Global
Date Critical Critical Construct Total
Funded Funded Funded
Funded Funded Funded

03-06-2017 $163,290.54 $418,375.47 $0.00 $618,022.88 $289,859.89 $0.00 $1,489,548.78

03-06-2018 $217,790.92 $339,086.90 $0.00 $933,440.21 $0.00 $0.00 $1,490,318.03

03-06-2019 $243,129.72 $416,990.42 $0.00 $830,473.65 $0.00 $0.00 $1,490,593.79

03-06-2020 $323,594.20 $502,512.46 $0.00 $658,640.47 $0.00 $0.00 $1,484,747.12

03-06-2021 $433,532.84 $386,231.97 $86,809.64 $582,866.39 $0.00 $0.00 $1,489,440.84

03-06-2022 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

For comparison purposes it was then assumed that the City would want to increase the overall
PCI rating and determine the annual budget allocation. Since the overall weighted average PCI
is 52, it was assumed that the condition goal after 5 years would be a modest increase to a PCI
of 60. Using the PAVER software budgeting application the City would need to budget $2,300,000
per year towards road reconstruction and maintenance to achieve the increase in overall PCI.
Table 8 - Annual Cost to Increase PCI from 52 to 60
Major Under Major Above Layer
Stop Gap Preventive Global
Date Critical Critical Construct Total
Funded Funded Funded
Funded Funded Funded
03-06-2017 $160,320.19 $418,375.47 $0.00 $1,434,968.28 $289,859.89 $0.00 $2,303,523.84
03-06-2018 $174,323.88 $339,086.90 $0.00 $1,790,673.60 $0.00 $0.00 $2,304,084.38
03-06-2019 $234,897.20 $416,990.42 $0.00 $1,650,582.60 $0.00 $0.00 $2,302,470.22
03-06-2020 $310,637.01 $502,512.46 $0.00 $1,489,723.62 $0.00 $0.00 $2,302,873.08
03-06-2021 $413,712.04 $387,474.78 $86,809.64 $1,414,072.74 $0.00 $0.00 $2,302,069.20
03-06-2022 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 21 March 2017
From the results of these two scenarios it takes a significant investment to produce an increase
in the City wide PCI. The software will allow the City to quickly analyze the return on investment
on the streets given user specified assumptions and then matching the goals with funding
limitations.

Conclusion
The City has an overall poor rating for its roadways. There are areas with failing pavements that
through planning can be addressed in a fiscally responsible manner. Utilizing the PAVER tool
will help prioritize the improvements and determine how to maximize the Citys investment in road
infrastructure. As improvements are planned and implemented throughout the City this data
should be entered into the database and progress reports developed. The next step will be to
incorporate the PAVER data into the Lucity platform which will allow real time tracking of the PCI
and identify future improvement project priorities.

Pavement Condition Assessment


City of Brighton, MI 22 March 2017
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0.0 - 10.0 25.1 - 40.0 55.1 - 70.0 85.1 - 100.0


CITY OF BRIGHTON
LEGEND

10.1 - 25.0 40.1 - 55.0 70.1 - 85.0 City Boundary 0 0.25 ROAD ASSET CONDITIONS - PAVER PCI RATING
Miles

\\TTSS704G ISFS1\IERArcG isShare\IER_shared\Projects \Brighton\Brighton_Pavement_AGO\Brighton_PCI_Rating.mx d [Nick .Kopczy k 3/6/2017]