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LU

Location Update ( ) .
.

VLR HLR-, ,
IMSI -, ? - Send
Authentication Information Request (SAI Request)

HLR VLR- -, ,
Ki, , - Send Authentication Information
Response (SAI Response). AUC HLR
! Unknown subscriber!

VLR->HLR: ! ,
?! - Location Update Begin (LU Begin)

HLR->VLR: HLR
, roaming not allowed !, ,
,
(, , ) Insert Subscriber Data
(ISD).
( MSU UDT-UnitData = 512 ), ISD
, HLR .

VLR->HLR: , , ! - Continue (CON)

HLR->VLR: ! - Insert Subscriber Data (ISD).

ISD CON , HLR ,


3-5 . ISD HLR ,
. VLR Continue.

HLR->VLR: ? ! - Location Update End


(LU End).

HLR VLR-,
,
VLR - Cancel Location.
MSU (SCCP ), GT GT
, (MAP ), .

VLR HLR ? SCCP


MSU (SAI Request) ,
E.164 E.212 ( E.214). :

E.164 ITU-T,
,
. E.164 15
+. E.164 , CC+NDC+SN
(374+10+444099).

E.212 IMSI. IMSI, , 15 ,


. : MCC+MNC+MSIN (283-01-).
(283) - , (01) .
(
).
.

Mobile Global Title (MGT)


E.164 CC+NDC. MGT CC+NDC, GT
. 37491, CC+NDC 37499.

E.214 MCC+MNC MGT,


37491+MSIN.

MSU SAI Request,


IMSI . (HPLMN)
HLR MSU . MSU
VPLMN GT HLR, SAI.
IMSI MSC

IMSI , IMSI 28301.


mgisi, IMSI .

mgisi:imsis=IMSI,m=A-B,anres=oba-30&bo-32&plmn-2&mapver-2&cba-C&cbaz-
100&camel-D,na=4;

imsis=IMSI , . (28301),
(28301000000012).
, IMSI .

m=, E.214. A B. -
, B- . 5-37491.

cba=, HPLMN.
BOICexH.
B-. anbsp:b=32-_; (anbsp:b=32-374;) ,
D=X-Y, Y cba.

camel= CAMEL, IMSI .


CAMEL . 1,2,3 .

MGT, m, camel? , IR21,


, GT, ,
MAP CAMEL , .. IR21
T:\Roaming\Operator Data,
IR21 .

IMSI mgisp:imsis=x; x
283, IMSI , 283 28301
28304 .
SCCP MSC

IMSI , SCCP . GT,


. GT HLR,
MSC, SMSC, IN USSDC, Dual Imsi, Voicemail
. CC+NDC . ,
-, ,
- , CC+NDC.
CC+NDC MGT finite,
GT .

( OP/NonOP!!!):

c7gsi:tt=0,np=1,na=4,ns=X,gtrc=Y;

ns=Number Series - GT CC+NDC

gtrc=GT Routing Case ns. -


( MSC1 TATA gtrc 16, ,
, ). MSC ns
MSC1.

SCCP , np=7 IMSI .


, ns (1,2,39).

, c7gsp:tt=0,np=1,na=4,ns=X;
IR24, IR32, IR35, IR50 --

? , .
,
-, . (-
Vardush Telecom ). . .
, , ,
50 .

IMSI , GT IMSI
. IMSI ,
RFC, GT IR21 ,
. , ,
IR24, ,
, ..
, ,
, CDR -
. , () Test
Completion Certificate (TCC), , -,
. , ,
, TCC. TCC ,
Commercial Launch Letter (CLL),
. RFC,
IMSI E.212
IMSI. , .

... - ,

GPRS-,
. GPRS CAMEL .

GPRS. MSC, , SGSN


, SGSN IMSI
. MSC,
OP/NonOP.
gsh create_imsins 27402002200863 -dn mnc002.mcc274.gprs -rd 5 -ad 35469 -misc1 Iceland
-misc2 Vodafone -rs Visitor -na International -np E.214

gsh SGSN. Create_imsins . IMSI (


, ). GPRS ,
MCC / MNC ,
. E.214 ,
. IMSI MSC
IR21. ,
. .

IMSI gsh delete_imsins IMSI, gsh


list_imsins. IMSI gsh get_imsins IMSI.

, inbound ( ) . -
IMSI, .
IMSI SGSN1 ( 2!!!!). (IR35) . ,
, RFC .
IMSI
.

outbound ( ) .
IMSI , !
GPRS RFC
. HLR. GSM COMMON, GLAT,
Roaming Restrictions 4 ALLPLMN, VPLMN, ALLPLMNPOST
HPLMN. , ,
. ALLPLMN, ADD, GT SGSN ,
ALLOWED OK. GT SGSN ,
VPLMN. , GPRS .

CAMEL. inbound-. CAMEL


IMSI - , MSC, CAMEL-0 CAMEL-x,
x IR21 CAMEL-.
IMSI (mgise:imsis=abc) , ,
CAMEL (mgisi:imsis=..;). (IR32)
, - -
. RFC
CAMEL-x IMSI.
Outbound- HLR. , GPRS (GT
SGSN) GSM COMMON, GLAT, Roaming Restrictions, ALLPLMN/VPLMN,
VLR, , ALLOWED . . RFC
VLR MGT, .
, GT SGSN
.

3G (IR50).
. , 3G GPRS
GPRS, SGSN2. SGSN
-.

HUB. HUB
,
. / Comfone (
Key2Roam), N-Tel Communications Dual Imsi. ,
MGT. , IMSI ,
Key2Roam, E.214 MGT MGT Key2Roam
4179991. Dual IMSI 790370115660001, N-Tel 44xxxxx. , Dual
IMSI SCCP GT CC+NDC
gtrc MSC2 ( MSC1), MSC2 Dual Imsi (gtrc 13).
N-Tel TATA (gtrc 16), GT 44
(c7gs:tt=0,np=1,na=4,ns=X,gtrc=Y,mns=13-44xxxx;).
, HLR- -
, .

- ,
, NDC,
. IR21,
. NDC (
SCCP ) GT SGSN , GPRS ( HLR).
MSC/SMSC ,
MGT. IMSI .
, MSC/HLR/GPRS , .

- IMSI MSC
mgise:imsis=IMSI;
mgisi:imsis=IMSI,m=A-B,anres=oba-30&bo-32&plmn-2&mapver-2&cba-C&cbaz-
100&camel-D,na=4;
mgisp:imsis=IMSI[,nop];

- CAMEL MSC
IMSI - mgise:imsis=IMSI;
, mgisi:; CAMEL=version

- SCCP
c7gse:tt=0,np=X,na=4,ns=Y;
c7gsi:tt=0,np=X,na=4,ns=Y,gtrc=Z;
c7gsp:tt=0,np=X,na=4,ns=Y [,nop];
- c7gsc:tt=0,np=X,na=4,ns=Y,mns=A-B;
X 1

- IMSI SGSN
gsh delete_imsins IMSI
gsh create_imsins IMSI -dn mnc0XX.mccYYY.gprs -rd Z -ad ABCDE -misc1 country -misc2
operator -rs Visitor -na International -np E.214
gsh list_imsins
IMSI gsh get_imsins IMSI

- HLR
GT GSM COMMON GLAT Roaming Restrictions [] DELETE
, ADD
ALLOWED