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GSM Traffic Statistic

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Foreword

o Traffic statistics is the performance of network.

o Each traffic item correspondences to one of the network features.

o Trough the traffic statistics, we can quickly settle the network


problem.

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Objectives

Upon completion of this course, participans are supposed to be able to :

o Understand some often-used traffic measurement items

o Locate some problems through the traffic statistic system

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Contents

1. Traffic Statistics System Overall Structure

2. Often-used Traffic Statistics Items Analysis

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1. Traffic Statistics System
Overall Structure

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Structure of Performance Measurement

o Hierarchical structure of performance counters:

P Function Set 1
E
R Functional subset 1
F
Counter 1
O
R
Counter j
M
A Functional subset m
N
Counter 1
C
E Function Set n
Counter j

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Structure of Performance Measurement

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Brief Introduction

o There are 28 measurement clusters in the


BSC6900 traffic statistics, some of them are
very important for GSM optimization, such
as :
BSC Measurement (BSC Level)
Call Measurement (Cell Level)
MR Measurement (TRX Level)

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All Counters List of BSC Measurement in
M2000 Client

All Counters of BSC Measurement in M2000 Client

Relative Documentation in HedEx Lite

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BSC Measurement in HedEx Lite

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All Counters List of Call Measurement in
M2000 Client

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Call Measurement in HedEx Lite

Counters of Call Measurement in M2000 Client Relative Documentation in HedEx Lite

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Call Measurement in HedEx Lite

Counters of Call Measurement in M2000 Client Relative Documentation in HedEx Lite

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All Counters List of MR Measurement in
M2000 Client

All counters of MR Measurement in M2000 Client Relative Documentation in HedEx Lite

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2. Often-used Traffic
Statistics Items Analysis

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Analysis Process

o Systematical logic :
From Whole system to specific cell
o Integrality :
Observe the change trend of the items for more than one week and
the changing tren of each day.
o Relativity :
Relationship between various kinds of traffic statistics items

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Often-used Traffic Statistics Items

1. Interference band measurement


2. TCHF (H) receive level measurement Per TRX
3. Uplink and downlink balance measurement
In BSC6900, there
4. Power control message per cell
are some
measurement units
5. Neighbor Cell Level Measurement per cell

which are important 6. KPI Measurement

for the analysis of 7. GSM Cell to GSM Cell Outgoing Handover


Measurement
interference, call drop
Per Cell
and handover, so 8. GSM Cell to GSM Cell Incoming Handover
Measurement
more attention should
be paid on them. 9. Intra-cell handover measurement per cell
10. Call drop measurement per cell
11. AMR measurement per cell

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1-Interference Band Measurement per TRX

o Interference band is the


interference level contained in the
RF RES IND message that the BTS
reports to the BSC when the
channel is idle. There are five
levels. The level range of each band
is set through the LMT. The higher
rank suggests higher interference
level. Normally an idle channel at
interference band 4 or 5 suggest
the existence of interference.

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1-Interference Band Measurement per TRX

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Interference Band Check in LMT

o TCH to SDCCH Conversion

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2-TCHF(H) Receive Level Measurement per
TRX

o The valid MRs that the BSC receives contain the ranks of the uplink and
downlink receive level and the ranks of the uplink and downlink receive
quality.
o The receive quality has eight ranks, and higher rank suggests worse
receive quality.
o The receive level has eight ranks, and higher rank suggest greater receive
level.

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2-TCHF (H) Receive Level Measurement per
TRX

Rank of Receive Level Receive Level (dBm)

0 - 100

1 (-100, 95)

2 (-95, -90)

3 (-90, -85)

4 (-85, -80)

5 (-80, -75)

6 (-75, -70)

7 >-70

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2-TCHF(H) Receive Level Measurement per
TRX

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2-TCHF(H) Receive Level Measurement per
TRX
o Here is an example, the condition of DL/UL is Normal.

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3-Uplink and Downlink Balance
Measurement per TRX
o Proper power estimation during network planning is a prerequisite for
normal operation of the system. The uplink and downlink signals in the
coverage area should be balanced.
o The MR that the BSC receives contains the uplink receive level and the
downlink receive level. The uplink and downlink balance level is
determined by the following formula:
Uplink/downlink balance = Uplink path loss downlink path loss = (actual
TX Power of the UE Uplink receive level) (TRX Power on top of the
cabinet Downlink receive level)

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3 Uplink and Downlink Balance
Measurement per TRX

Uplink/Downlink Balance Uplink path loss D8ownlink path loss9


1 -15 dB
2 -14dB, -13 dB, -12 dB, -11 dB, -10 dB
3 -9 dB, -8 dB, -7 dB, -6 dB
4 -5 dB, -4 dB, -3 dB
5 -2 dB, -1 dB
6 0 dB
7 1 dB, 2 dB
8 3 dB, 4 dB, 5 dB
9 6 dB, 7 dB, 8 dB, 9 dB
10 10 dB, 11 dB, 12 dB, 13 dB, 14 dB
11 15 dB

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3 Uplink and Downlink Balance
Measurement per TRX

Low Downlink Low Uplink


RX_LEV RX_LEV

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4 Power Control Messages per Cell

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5 Neighbor Cell Level Measurement per TRX

o The neighbor cell can be classified into two type

Defined Neighbor Cell Undefined Neighbor Cell


Refers to the cell whose
Refers to the cell whose
BCCH frequency is contained
BCCH frequency is contained
in the BA table of the BSC
in the BA table of the BSC
(manually added by the
and that is configured as a
user) but that is not
neighbor cell of the present
configured as a neighbor cell
cell in the neighbor relation
of the present cell in the
list
neighbor relation kist

o Add neighbor cell via command ADD G2GNCELL, then BA1 and BA2
are configured automatically
o Check BA1 via command LST GCELL2GBA1, Check BA2 via command
LST GCELLHOFDDBA2

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5 Neighbor Cell Level Measurement per Cell

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6 KPI Measurement per Call

o KPI measurement is about the traffic statistics of each cell, it includes all
the important items, helping the engineer analyze each cell
performance.

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6 KPI Measurement per Cell

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7 GSM Cell to GSM Cell Outgoing Handover
Measurement

o This measurement refers to performance of MS handover from target


cell to the each neighbor cell, including Handover request times,
handover success times, radio handover success rate.
o It also record the handover reason, such as receive level, bad Quality,
better cell, TA, receive level drop, enhance dual band cell.

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7 GSM Cell to GSM Cell Outgoing Handover
Measurement

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8 GSM Cell to GSM Cell Incoming Handover
Measurement

o This measurement refers to performance of Mobile Station handover


from each neighbor cell to this serving cell, including handover request
times, handover success times, radio handover success rate.
o From the incoming inter-cell handover measurement, can locate the
neighbor cell which handover to this cell is not good.

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8 GSM Cell to GSM Cell Incoming Handover
Measurement

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9 Intra-cell Handover Measurement per Cell

o It measures the intra-cell handover request times, success times.


o This traffic unit also measure the reasons of intra-cell handover :
Interference intra-cell handover
TCHF-TCHH in the AMR calling
Intra-cell handover during the channel conversion
Overlaid/underlaid handover

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9 Intra-cell Handover Measurement per Cell

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10 Call Drop Measurement per Cell

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11 AMR Measurement per Cell

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