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VEG PHYSICS CLASSES PHYSICS CBSE XII Electrostatics

VINAY SHARMA DPP E-1# 1


q2 q3
cos
1. JEE (MAINS) 2013 b2 a2
Two charges, each equal to q, are kept at x
= a and x = a on the x-axis. A particle of (d)
q
q0
2 Q1
mass m and charge is placed at the 4. A total charge Q is broken in two parts
origin. If charge q0 is given a small Q2
displacement (y<< a) along the y-axis, the and and they are placed at a distance R
net force acting on the particle is from each other. The maximum force of
proportional to : repulsion between them will occur, when
1 1 Q Q
Q2 , Q1 Q
y y R R
(1) (2) y (3) y (4) (a)
Q 2Q
Q 2 , Q1 Q
2. JEE (MAINS) 2012 , NEET-2016 4 3
Two identical charged spheres suspended (b)
from a common point by two mass less Q 3Q
Q2 , Q1
strings of length l are initially a distance d (d 4 4
<<l) apart because of their mutual (c)
repulsion. The charge begins to leak from Q Q
both the spheres at a constant rate. As a Q1 , Q 2
2 2
result the charges approach each other with
(d)
a velocity v. Then as a function of distance
x between them,
1
v x 2
v x 1 5. Two charges equal in magnitude and
(2) opposite in polarity are placed at a certain
(1) distance apart and force acting between
1 them is F. If 75% charge of one is
v x 2
v x transferred to another, then the force
(3) (4) between the charges becomes
q3
3. JEE (MAINS) 2003 F 9F
q1 +q2 q1, q2 q3 16 16 F
Three charges and are (a) (b) (c) (d)
Yplaced
as shown in the figure. The x- 15
X q1
F
16
component of the force on is
proportional
a to 6. There are two charges +1 micro
b
[AIEEE 2003] coulombs and +5 micro coulombs. The
q2 q3 ratio of the forces acting on them will be
sin
b2 a2 [CPMT 1979]
(a) (a) 1 : 5 (b) 1 : 1
q2 q3
cos (c) 5 : 1 (d) 1 : 25
b2 a2
(b) q1

q2 q3 7. A charge exerts some force on a


sin q2 q3
b2 a2
(c) second charge . If third charge is
VEG PHYSICS CLASSES PHYSICS CBSE XII Electrostatics
VINAY SHARMA DPP E-1# 2
q1 4q, Q q
brought near, the force of exerted on 10. Three charges and are in a
q2 l /2
[NCERT 1971] straight line in the position of 0, and
(a) Decreases l q

(b) Increases respectively. The resultant force on


Q
(c) Remains unchanged
will be zero, if [CPMT 1980]
q3
q
(d) Increases if is of the same sign as
2q 2 4q
q1 q3 (a) q (b) (c) (d)
and decreases if is of opposite 11. Two small spheres each having the
sign Q
Fg Fe charge are suspended by insulating
8. and represents gravitational and L
electrostatic force respectively between threads of length from a hook. This
electrons situated at a distance 10 cm.
Fg / Fe
arrangement is taken in space where
The ratio of is of the order of there is no gravitational effect, then the
[NCERT 1978; CPMT 1978] angle between the two suspensions and
1042 the tension in each will be [IIT 1986]
(a) (b) 10
1 Q2 1 Q2
1043
180o , 90o ,
4 0 (2L)2 4 0 L2
(c) 1 (d)
(a) (b)
9. Four charges are arranged at the 2
1 Q 1 Q2
ABCD 180o , 180o ,
4 0 2L2 4 0 L2
corners of a square , as shown in
(c) (d)
the adjoining figure.A The force on
B the
charge kept at the centre
+q O is +2q 12. Three equal charges are placed on the
three corners of a square. If the force
O q1 q2 F12
between and is and that
2q +q
D C q1 q3 F13
between and is , the ratio of
F12
F13
(a) Zero magnitudes is
(b) Along the diagonal 1/ 2
AC (a) (b) 2
1/ 2 2
BD
(c) (d)
(c)Along the diagonal
q q
(d) Perpendicular to
AB 13. Two similar spheres having and
side F
charge are kept at a certain distance.
force acts between the two. If in the
middle of two spheres, another similar
VEG PHYSICS CLASSES PHYSICS CBSE XII Electrostatics
VINAY SHARMA DPP E-1# 3
q shown in the following figure. The force
sphere having charge is kept, then it experienced by the charge placed at the
experience a force in magnitude and vertex A in a direction normal to BC is
direction as [MP PET 1996] [AIIMS 2003]
(a) Zero having no direction Q2 /(4 0a2)
8F q
(a)
(b) towards charge
Q /(40a2)
8F q
(c) towards charge (b)
4F q (c) Zero
(d) towards charge Q2 /(2 0a2)
14. Two small conducting spheres of equal
10C 20C
(d)
radius have charges and m
R 18. Two particle of equal mass and
q
respectively and placed at a distance
F1 charge are placed at a distance of 16
cm. They do not experience any force.
from each other experience force . If
q
they are brought in contact and
m
separated to the same distance, they
F2 F1 F2
The value of is [MP PET 2003]

experience force . The ratio of to 0


is G
(a) 1 : 8 (b) 8 : 1 (a) l (b)
(c) 1 : 2 (d) 2 : 1 G
4 0 4 0G
15. Two charges are at a distance d apart.
If a copper plate (conducting medium) (c) (d)
d 19. An electron is moving round the nucleus
2 of a hydrogen atom in a circular orbit of
of thickness is placed between them, F
the effective force will be radius r. The coulomb force between
(a) 2F (b) F / 2 the two is
2F 1
K
(c) 0 (d) 40
(Where ) [CBSE PMT
16. Three charges each of magnitude q are 2003]
placed at the corners of an equilateral
e2 e2
triangle, the electrostatic force on the K
r K r
r3 r3
charge placed at the center is (each
side of triangle is L) (a) (b)
1 q2 e2 e2
K r K r
4 0 L2 r3 r2
(a) Zero (b) (c) (d)
1 3q2 1 q2 20. Two point charges placed at a certain
4 0 L2 120 L2 distance r in air exert a force F on each
other. Then the distance r' at which
(c) (d)
these charges will exert the same force
17. Three charges are placed at the vertices in a medium of dielectric constant
A k is
of an equilateral triangle of side a as given by +Q

Q +Q
B a C
VEG PHYSICS CLASSES PHYSICS CBSE XII Electrostatics
VINAY SHARMA DPP E-1# 4
(a) r (b) r/k 24. Two equally charged, identical metal
r/ k r k spheres A and B repel each other with a
(c) (d) force 'F'. The spheres are kept fixed with
a distance 'r' between them. A third
identical, but uncharged sphere C is
98260-32282, brought in contact with A and then

98934-33706
21. Five balls numbered 1 to 5 are
placed at the mid-point of the line
joining A and B. The magnitude of the
suspended using separate threads. Pairs
net electric force on C is
(1, 2), (2, 4) and (4, 1) show [UPSEAT 2004; DCE 2005]
electrostatic attraction, while pair (2, 3)
(a) F (b) 3F/4
and (4, 5) show repulsion. Therefore ball
1 must be (c) F/2 (d) F/4
[NCERT 1980; M 25. An infinite number of charges, each of
(a) Positively charged (b) Negatively charge 1 C, are placed on the x-axis
charged with co-ordinates x = 1, 2, 4, 8, ..... If a
(c) Neutral (d) Made of metal charge of 1 C is kept at the origin, then
q what is the net force acting on 1 C
22. Equal charges are placed at the four charge [DCE 2004]
A, B, C, D a (a) 9000 N (b) 12000 N
corners of a square of length . (c) 24000 N (d) 36000 N
The magnitude of the force on the
1. Two equal charges are separated by a
charge at B will be [MP PMT 1994; DPMT
2001] distance d. A third charge placed on a
3q2 4q2 perpendicular bisector at x distance will
4 0 a2 4 0 a2 experience maximum coulomb force
(a) (b) when [MP PET 2002]

1 2 2 2 d d
q q2 x
2 1 2
x
2

2 4 0 a2 2
2 4 0 a
(a) (b)
(c) (d)
d d
23. Two spherical conductors B and C x x
2 2 2 3
having equal radii and carrying equal
(c) (d)
charges in them repel each other with a
2. An infinite number of electric charges
force F when kept apart at some
each equal to 5 nano-coulomb
distance. A third spherical conductor (magnitude) are placed along X-axis at
having same radius as that of B but x1 x 2 x4 x8
uncharged is brought in contact with B, cm, cm, cm cm .
then brought in contact with C and and so on. In the setup if the
consecutive charges have opposite sign,
finally removed away from both. The then the electric force on the charge of
new force of repulsion between B and C 1 2
9 2

is [AIEEE 2004] 4 9 10 N m / c
x0 0
F /4 3F / 4 1C at is
(a) (b) [EAMCET 2003]
4
F /8 3F / 8 12 10 24 104
(c) (d) (a) (b)
VEG PHYSICS CLASSES PHYSICS CBSE XII Electrostatics
VINAY SHARMA DPP E-1# 5
q3 36 104 48 104 5. Six charges, three positive and three
(c) (d) negative of equal magnitude are to be
q1 +q2
q1, q2 q3
placed at the vertices of a regular
hexagon such that the electric field at O
3. Three
Y charges and are
is double the electric field when only one
placed as shownX in the figure. The x-
positive charge of same magnitude is
q1
placed at R. Which of the following
component
a of the force on is arrangements of charges is possible for
b
proportional to [AIEEE 2003]
P, Q, R, S, T and U respectively
q2 q3
sin [IIT-JEE (Screening) 2004]
b2 a2 , , , , , P Q
(a) (a)
q2 q3 , , , , ,
cos U R
b2 a2 O
(b)
(b)
, , , , , S
T
q2 q3
sin (c)
b2 a2
, , , , ,
(c)
(d)
q2 q3
cos 6. Four charges equal to Q are placed at
b2 a2
(d) the four corners of a square and a
charge q is at its centre. If the system is
( Q) (2Q)
in equilibrium the value of q is
4. Two point charges and are [AIEEE 2004]
a 2a
fixed on the X-axis at positions and Q Q
(1 2 2) (1 2 2)
from origin respectively. At what 4 4
positions on the axis, the resultant (a) (b)
electric field is zero Q Q
(1 2 2) (1 2 2)
[MP PET 2001] 2 2
x 2a x 2a (c) (d)
(a) Only (b) Only
3a
x
x 2a 2
(c) Both (d) only