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Chemistryinfolabreagentsandresources
Thepreparationof1000ppmatomicabsorptionstandards
AAStockSolutions
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1000ppmStandardsforAtomicAbsorption
SeealsoInterferencesaffectinganalysis

Stocksolutions.Storeinstopperedpolythenebottles

Aluminium

Dissolve1.000gofAluminiummetalin25ml.ofhydrochloricacid(S.G.1.18)andafewdropsofnitricacid(S.G.1.42)
Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.

Antimony

Dissolve1.000gantimonyin10ml.conc.hydrochloricacid,afewdropsofconc.nitricacid,and10goftartaricacid.Diluteto
1litre..

Arsenic

Dissolve1.000gofarsenicpowderin50ml.conc.nitricacid.Diluteto1litrewithdeionisedwateror

Dissolve1.3200garsenousoxide(As2O3),driedto110oC,in50ml.ofconc.hydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litrewith
deionisedwater.

Barium

Dissolve1.4380g.ofbariumcarbonate(BaCO3)in20ml.1Mhydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.

Beryllium

Dissolve19,639g.ofberylliumsulphate(BeSO4)in250deionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.

Bismuth

Dissolve1.000g.ofbismuthmetalin50ml.conc.nitricacidDiluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.

Dissolve1.1148g.ofbismuthtrioxide(Bi2O3)intheminimumquantityofcomc.hydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreina
volumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.

Boron

Dissolve5.1744g.ofboricacid(H3BO3)in500ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionised
water..

Cadmium

Dissolve1.000g.ofcadmiummetalin20ml.of5M.hydrochloricacidand2dropsofconc.nitricacid.Diluteto1litre.

Dissolve2.0360g.ofcadmiumchloridein250mldeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflask.

Dissolve2.1032g.ofcadmiumnitratein250ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflask.

Caesium

Dissolve1.2670g.ofcaesiumchloride(CsCl)in100ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.

Calcium

Dissolve2.4973g.ofcalciumcarbonate(CaCO3)in25ml.of1Mhydrochloricacid.Thisshouldbeaddeddropwisetoavoid
lossesduringthevigorouseffervescence.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.

Dissolve2.7693g.ofcalciumchloride(CaCl2)in100ml.deionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionised
water.

Chromium

Dissolve7.6960g.ofchromiumnitrate(Cr(NO3)3.9H2O)in250ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavol.Flask.

Cobalt

Dissolve1.000g.ofcobaltmetalin50ml.of5Mhydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionised
water.or

Dissolve4.9379g.ofcobaltnitrate(Co(NO3)2.6H2Oin250ml.deionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.

Dissolve4.0380g.ofcobalt(111)chloride(CoCl2.6H2O)in200ml.deionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflask
withdeionisedwater.

Copper

Dissolve1,000g.ofcoppermetalin50ml.of5Mnitricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwihdeionisedwater.or
Dissolve3.7980g.of(Cu(NO3)2.3H2Oin250ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwihdeionised
water.

Gold

Dissolve1.000g.ofgoldmetalin15ml.ofconc.hydrochloricacidand5ml.ofconc.nitricacid.Diluteto1litreina
volumetricflaskwihdeionisedwater.or

Dissolve1.8110g.ofammoniumchloroaurate(NH4AuCl4)in100ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflask
wihdeionisedwater.

Iron

Dissolve1.000g.ofironwireorgranulesin20ml.of5MhydrochloricacidDiluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwihdeionised
water.or

Dissolve4.8400g.ofiron(111)chloride(FeCl3.6H2O)in200ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwih
deionised.water

Lanthanum

Dissolve1.1782g.oflanthanumoxide(La2O3)in20ml.of5Mhydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwih
deionisedwater.

Lead

Dissolve1.000g.ofleadmetalin50ml.of2Mnitricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.

Dissolve1.5980g.ofleadnitrate(Pb(NO3)2)in100ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.

Magnesium

Dissolve1.000g.ofmagnesiummetalin50ml.of5Mhydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionised
water.or

Dissolve3.9160g.ofmagnesiumchloride(MgCl2.6H2O)in200ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflask
withdeionisedwater.

Manganese

Dissolve1.000g.ofmanganesemetalin50ml.ofconc.hydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionised
water.

Dissolve3.6077g.ofmanganessechloride(MnCl2.4H20)in50ml.conc.hydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetric
flaskwithdeionisedwater.

Mercury

Dissolve1.000g.ofmercurymetalin20ml.of5Mnitricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.or

Dissolve1.3520g.ofmercury(11)chloride(HgCl2)in250ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.or

Dissolve1.0800g.ofmercury(11)oxidein20ml.of5Mhydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.

Molybdenum

Dissolve1.000g.ofmolybdenumpowderin10ml.ofconc.hydrochloricacidand10ml.ofdeionisedwater.Add1ml.of
conc.nitricacid.Useamagneticstirrertocompletelydissolvethemolybdenum.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.or

Dissolve1.8403g.ofammoniummolybdate(NH4)6MO7O22.4H2Oin500ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreina
volumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.or

Dissolve1.5000g.ofmolybdenumtrioxide(MoO3)in25ml.conc.hydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.

Nickel

Dissolve1.000g.ofnickelin20ml.ofconc.nitricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.or

Dissolve4.9530g.ofnickelnitrate
(Ni(NO3)2.6H2O)in1litre.ofdeionisedwater.

Potassium

Dissolve11.9070g.ofdrypotassiumchloridein250ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.

Silica

Dissolveabout7.6g.ofsodiummetasilicate(Na2SiO3.5H2Oindeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwith
deionisedwater.

Silver

Dissolve1.5750ofsilvernitratein200ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.

Sodium
Dissolve2.5420g.ofsodiumchloride(NaCl)in200ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflask.

Strontium

Dissolve2.4150g.ofstrontiumnitrate(Sr(NO3)in200ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithwater.

Tin

Dissolve1.000g.oftinmetalin200ml.ofconc.hydrochloricacidand5ml.ofconc.nitricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetric
flaskwithdeionisedwater.or

Dissolve2.9540oftin(1V)chloridepentachloride(SnCl4.5H2O)in500ml.deionisedwater.Ifprecipitateforms,redissolve
byadding6Mhydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater

Uranium

Dissolve21.100g.ofuranylnitratein250ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.or

Dissolve14.329g.ofuranylchloridein250ml.ofdeionisedwater.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.

Vanadium

Dissolve1.000g.ofvanadiummetalin25ml.conc.nitricacid.Diluteto1litre.

Dissolve2.2960g.ofammoniummetavanadate(NH4VO3)in20ml.of100volumehydrogenperoxide.Diluteto1litreina
volumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.

Zinc

Dissolve1.000g.ofzincmetalin30ml.of5Mhydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litreinavolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater.or

Dissolve1.2450g.ofzincoxide(ZnO)in5mlofdeionisedwaterfollowedby25ml.of5Mhydrochloricacid.Diluteto1litrein
avolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater

Zirconium

Dissolve1.000g.ofzirconiummetalin25ml.ofhydrofluoricacid(40%w/v)inaP.T.F.E.beaker.Diluteto1litreina
polpropylenevolumetricflaskwithdeionisedwater

or

Dissolve3.7174g.ofdryzirconiumnitratein1litredeionisedwater

Signature:DhanlalDeLloyd,Chem.Dept,TheUniversityofTheWestIndies,St.Augustinecampus
TheRepublicofTrinidadandTobago.
Copyright:delloyd2000Allrightsreserved.