Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

5799

2006



/


ISO 5799:1991
Photography Direct-exposing medical and dental radiographic
film/process systems Determination of ISO speed and ISO average gradient
(IDT)


122006/348
57992006



27 2002 . 184- ,
1.02004 .

1 --
( )
, 4

2 TK 411
,

3 -
27 2006 . 380-

4 5799:1991 .
/ .
(ISO 5799:1991 Photography
Direct-exposing medical and dental radiographic film/process systems Determination of ISO speed and ISO
average gradient).
-
1.52004 ( 3.5).
-
,


,
. -
() -
.
,

, 2007

, -
-

II
57992006


5799:1991
. /
. ,
/ 42 .

III
57992006

Direct-exposing medical and dental radiographic film/process systems.


Determination of ISO speed and ISO average gradient

20080101

1

, ,
, . -
, .

, /-
.

2
-
:
5-1:1984 1: . -

5-2:1985* 2: -

5-3:1984** 3:
4037:1979*** -,
, ,

3
:
3.1 , : , ( -
) , , , -
.
3.2 : -
,
.

* 5-2:2001.
** 5-3:1995.
*** 4037-1:1996, 4037-2:1997, 4037-3:1999, 4037-4:2004.

1
57992006

3.3 : , , -
.
3.4 , ()1): - 1 ,

1 .

,
, . -
, -
.
. -
. -
,
.

5.1
, . -
,
.
5.2

.
5.3
5.3.1
, 2 %
( ). -
, .
5.3.2
(23 5)
(50 20) %.
, , -
. , -
, .
5.3.3
-
4037. -
2), , -
, (7,0 0,5) Al.
3) , -
(3,0 0,2) Al,
, 10 Al, ,
, 7 Al. 3 , -
, ,
.
5.3.4

, -

1)
1 = 1 /, 114,5 0,0295 /.
2)
209-1:1989, 1 [1].
3)
50
55 . 60 .

2
57992006

( ).
, , -
5 % . , -

(. ).
5.3.5
,
0,2 2,3 . -
-
3 %. 0,15.
, -
, 4). -

.
5.4
5.4.1
(23 5)
(50 20) %. 30
8 .
5.4.2

.
, , ,
, -
, .
, -
.
, , , , , -
, , -
.
, , -
. ,
, -
.
5.5
, , -
, 5-2 -
5-3. 7 2.
1 .
5.6
5.6.1
, 1,
, -
, .
5.6.2
,
, -
.

4)
(,
5.3.3), -
. -
.

3
57992006

6
6.1
, , -
5.5. -
, 5) (. 1).
1,0 ,
, log10 Ks.

S
10-2 (1)
S= .
Ks

log10 Ks 1.

5)
, -
. -
100 , 1,0 -
5
, 10 (). 10 = 8,732 10 , ,
(1), , 114,5.

4
57992006

log10 Ks
S

5,05 4,96 1000


4,95 4, 86 800
4,85 4,76 640
4,75 4,66 500
4,65 4,56 400
4,55 4,46 320
4,45 4,36 250
4,35 4,26 200
4,25 4,16 160
4,15 4,06 125
4,05 3,96 100
3,95 3,86 80
3,85 3,76 64
3,75 3,66 50
3,65 3,56 40
3,55 3,46 32
3,45 3,36 25
3,35 3,26 20
3,25 3,16 16
3,15 3,06 12
3,05 2,96 10
2,95 2,86 8
2,85 2,76 6
2,75 2,66 5
2,65 2,56 4

6.1.1

log10 Ks, -
, , , .
, -
.
6.1.2
(1) Ks.
2.

1)

7,0 14,0
14,0 28,0 D
28,0 56,0 E
56,0 112,0 F
1)
.

5
57992006

6.2
6.2.1
G, 3,
D2 - D1 175
, (2)
G= = ,
log10 K2 - log10 K1 log10 K2 - log10 K1

D1 , 0,25
;
D2 , 2,0 -
;
1 , D1, ;
2 , D2, .
,
( ), ,
, ,
1,00 1,50 ,
, 1,25
.
, . -
log10K2 log10K1 3.
6.2.2

log10K2 log10K1, -
, , -
. 3.

log10K2 log10K1
G

1,67 1,84 1,0


1,49 1,66 1,1
1,32 1,48 1,2
1,17 1,31 1,4
1,03 1,16 1,6
0,93 1,02 1,8
0,83 0,91 2,0
0,75 0,82 2,2
0,67 0,74 2,5
0,61 0,66 2,8
0,54 0,60 3,0
0,47 0,53 3,5
0,41 0,46 4,0
0,37 0,40 4,5

6.3
, -
, log10 Ks 0,05
5 %.
6
57992006

7
7.1
, , ,
ISO XD 100 -
.
7.2
, , ( -
3), ISO G 2,8.
7.3
,
, ,
.
,
, , ,
. , -
, , .

7
57992006


()

.1



1)
, Al
,

40 50 4,05 Al + 0,26 Cu 2,9


50 60 4,0 Al +0,10 Pb 4,2
60 100 4,0 Al + 0,61 Cu 6,0

50 50 1,02 Al 1,02
60 60 1,51 Al 1,68
100 100 5,0 Al 5,0

S 60 60 4,0 Al 2,8

(55 ,
5,5 Al, 3,0 Al)
,
( ).

1)
.

8
57992006


()


:
)
;
) , -
, , -
;
) , .


()


. , -
, -
, ,
.
, d 2, d, d .
d , d 2, .
, d 2, ,
5 %.

9
57992006

D
()

D.1
-
, . , 1 1,610 1015
1 , 2,58 104 /.
,
, ().
1,610 1015 8,732 103 .
, ,
(1 / = 1 ). .
, . -
, , , 1 114,5 0,0295 / .
, 1 8,732 103 ,

1 esu 1 esu 2, 082 109 33,85 1, 602 10-19


1= = 103 / =
0,001293 0,001293 1 esu
= 8,732 103 ( 1),

1 = 6,242 1018 ;
1 esu = 2,082 109 ;
1 1 esu 0,001293 ( 1,602 1015 );
1 = 1,602 1012 = 1,602 1019 .
(33,85 0,15) [2], [3].

10
57992006


()

.1

5-1:1984 1: - *
.
5-2:1985 2: - *

5-3:1984 3: - *

4037:1979 - *
, ,

* .
.

.

[1] 209-1:1989 . .
1. ( : Al 99,0; Al 99,5; Al 99,7; Al 99,8)
(ISO 209-1:1989) (Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys Chemical composition and forms of products
Part 1: Chemical composition, may be used (the ISO symbols are Al 99,0 Al 99,5 Al 99,7
Al 99,8))
[2] 1979, 31, ,

International Commission on Radiation Units Measurement 1979, Report No. 31, Average energy required to produce an
ion pair
[3] (NCRP) 82, -
, ,
13 1985 .
NCRP Report No.82, SI Units in Radiation Protection and Measurements, Recommendations of the National Council on
Radiation Protection and Measurements, issued 13 August 1985

11
57992006

616.71-77-034:621.882.15:006.354 19.100 84 94 4220

: , , -
,

..
..
..
..

05.03.2007. 04.04.2007. 60 84 1 8. . .
. . . . 1,86. .-. . 1,10. 120 . . 305. C 3899.

, 123995 , ., 4.
www.gostinfo.ru info@gostinfo.ru
.
. , 105062 , ., 6.

Оценить