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ANSI/ASAE S515 JAN1993 (R2008)

Pallet Load Transfer System for Vegetable Harvesters,

Shuttle Vehicles, and Road Trucks

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engineering applicable to agricultural, food, and biological systems. ASABE Standards are consensus documents
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ANSI/ASAE S515 JAN1993 (R2008)
Approved January 1994; reaffirmed February 2008 as an American National Standard

Pallet Load Transfer System for Vegetable Harvesters,

Shuttle Vehicles, and Road Trucks

Developed by the ASAE Fruit and Vegetable Production Engineering (shown in figure 2) should restrain the pallet at the pallet bottom and only
Committee; approved by the ASAE Power and Machinery Division extend above the top of the outer carry chain 16 to 22 mm (0.63 to 0.87
Standards Committee; adopted by ASAE January 1993; approved as an in.).
American National Standard January 1994; revised editorially November 3.2 The powered conveyor shall use a minimum of four powered chains;
1994; reaffirmed by ASAE December 1997; reaffirmed by ANSI two minimum per each pallet line to carry the pallets. It is recommended
November 1998, February 2003; reaffirmed by ASAE February 2003; that both the head and tail shafts be common to both pallet lines. If only
reaffirmed by ASABE and ANSI February 2008. two chains per pallet are used, they should be near the outer edges of
the pallet; 1140 to 1160 mm (45.0 to 45.7 in.) between chains as shown
Keywords: Conveyor, Guarding, Harvesters, Pallet, Safety, Truck, in figure 2. If more chains are used, it is recommended they be spaced
Vegetable, Vehicles to lie centered underneath a pallet bottom board. Optionally a support bar
may be located 13 mm (0.5 in.) below the center pallet board. Such bars
1 Purpose and scope are intended to support a broken or weak pallet without creating
excessive drag. If the system is used with ISO pallets or bins (which are
1.1 The purpose of this Standard is to ensure compatibility between all narrower than GMA pallets), then the center guide shown is required.
vehicles used in a palletized load transfer system for vegetables. This The guide will keep the narrower ISO pallets and bins on top of the carry
Standard applies to vegetable harvesters, field shuttle vehicles, trailers, chains. The center guide is recommended for GMA pallets as well.
over-the-road trucks, and yard facilities used in such a system. Typical
vehicles are shown in figure 1. Various manufacturers, vehicle leasing 3.3 The deck top (see figure 2) shall be a minimum of 38 mm (1.5 in.)
companies, and growers need to interchange and mate up their below the carrying surface of the chains to prevent sagging pallets from
respective equipment; thus the need for standardization. The system is dragging. It should be continuous grating and/or plate without breaks or
used to transfer entire pallet loads from one vehicles conveyor to large holes to prevent broken pallet boards from catching or jamming.
another conveyor. Only those dimensions and specifications needed to 3.4 It is recommended that the outside chain be 6 mm (0.25 in.) higher
ensure the successful transfer are included. than the center chain to tilt the pallets slightly toward each other to
1.1.1 The load transfer system is used to transfer a palletized load of stabilize the cartons.
produce cartons on a standard Grocery Manufacturers Association, 3.5 It is recommended that the conveyor speed be adjustable between
GMA, pallet, 1016 1219 mm (40 48 in.), or other pallets with one 15 and 27 m/min (50 and 90 ft/min) and powered in both the load and
dimension of 1219 mm (48 in.), or ISO pallets with one dimension of unload directions.
1200 mm. Although the system has not yet been used with agricultural 3.6 The top of the conveyor chains, as shown in figure 1, shall be the
pallet bins with one dimension of 1200 mm it is designed to be following height above the ground:
compatible with them also. for harvesters, 1346 to 1422 mm (53 to 56 in.) unloaded;
1.1.2 The powered conveyors that are built into each harvester, vehicle, for field shuttle vehicles, an adjustment means such as hydraulic
and yard facility within the system are all covered by this Standard. rams or other means shall be provided to adjust the height from
1.1.3 The mating parts for aligning the conveyors to ensure proper 1220 to 1422 mm (48 to 56 in.). The left and right side lift means
transfer are covered. shall be independently controlled. This is required to allow for the
unevenness of field conditions;
2 Normative references for trailers and over-the-road trucks, measured with a full load,
1320 to 1372 mm (52 to 54 in.).
The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in
this text, constitute provisions of this Standard. At the time of publication,
the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision, 4 Conveyor alignment means
and parties to agreements based on this Standard are encouraged to 4.1 The conveyors on different vehicles or structures are to be held in
investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the alignment by means of two horns and two sockets. As shown in figure 1,
standards indicated below. Standards organizations maintain registers of the mating of the horns and sockets will align the conveyors for proper
currently valid standards. load transfer.
ANSI/ASAE S318.10 DEC92, Safety for Agricultural Equipment 4.1.1 The harvesters or stationary yard conveyors shall be equipped with
ANSI/ASAE 493 DEC92, Guarding for Agricultural Equipment two sockets.
ASAE S335.4, Operator Controls on Agricultural Equipment 4.1.2 The over-the-road trucks shall be equipped with two sockets.
ASAE EP363.1 DEC92, Technical Publications for Agricultural Equipment
4.1.3 Any shuttle vehicle or field truck in the system shall be equipped
ASAE S441, Safety Signs
with two horns on at least one end. In addition, if feasible, it is
ASAE EP443, Color Coding Hand Controls
recommended they be equipped with two horns on the other end.
4.1.4 Trailers shall have two sockets on the tail end and optionally two
3 Powered conveyor specifications sockets on the head end.
3.1 The conveyor shall be two pallet lines wide. Each pallet line shall be 4.1.5 An adapter horn for use with two sockets allows for aligning two
1240 to 1245 mm (48.8 to 49.0 in.) from conveyor centerline to the inside harvesters or other socket to socket connection. The adapter is shown in
of the required outside guide rail as shown in figure 2. The outside guide figure 3.


Figure 1 Load transfer system on typical vehicles


Figure 2 Conveyor cross section

4.2 The socket and horn shall conform to the dimensions shown in 5.2 The design of the lift called for on the field truck or shuttle vehicle
figures 4 and 5. The outside tapered point of the horn guides the horn (see figure 1) shall be such that no accessible pinch points are created
entrance into the socket. The backside taper prevents jamming and when lifting or lowering the conveyor. Lift locks per ANSI/ASAE S318
bending due to angular misalignment between vehicles. shall be provided.
4.3 The horn mounting plate and socket face should be as close as 5.3 The controls for the right side lift, left side lift, and conveyor chain
practical to the end of the carry chain to enable full transfer of the last drive shall be in accordance with ASAE S335. They shall be accessible
pallets. The recommended dimensions are shown in figure 1. If the from an operator positioned on the ground and clear of the wheels and
recommended dimensions are exceeded, then rollers or other extended all moving parts.
support shall be inserted to ensure complete transfer of the last pallets. 5.3.1 Recommended harvester control position is left-hand side at the
4.4 In the horizontal plane, the horn and socket shall be centered with socket end of the vehicle.
the conveyor and positioned 1016 mm (40 in.) center to center as shown 5.3.2 Recommended truck or shuttle vehicle control position is right
in figure 1. hand (passenger side) at the horn end of the vehicle.
4.5 The horn centerline shall be 178 to 184 mm (7.0 to 7.25 in.) below 5.3.3 It is recommended that both vehicles be able to be controlled by
the top of the inner chains. The harvester socket centerline shall be 178 one person during the normal transfer operation.
to 210 mm (7.0 to 8.25 in.) below the top of the inner chains with the
recommended dimension between 203 and 210 mm (8.0 to 8.25 in.). The 5.3.4 All controls shall be clearly labeled in appropriate languages and
recommended dimension creates about a 25 mm (1 in.) drop while shall be color coded per ASAE EP443.
transferring from the harvester. The drop from the harvester (shown in 5.4 The equipment shall meet all applicable safety provisions of ANSI/
figure 1 between the vehicles) helps ensure complete transfers. ASAE S318.
Transfers between other conveyors in the system usually take place on 5.5 It is recommended that the owners manual or instruction manual for
roads or yards where they are more apt to be level, and thus the drop is any machinery manufactured for this transfer system follow ASAE
not necessary. EP363.
5.6 Safety warning signs regarding pinch points, possible danger from a
lowering vehicle, removal of guards, and any other hazards shall follow
5 Safety and guarding ASAE S441.
5.1 Guarding of all moving parts on the conveyors shall be as specified
in ANSI/ASAE S493 and also in accordance with any governmental
regulations. The nip points on all chain, belt, or gear drives and also all
revolving shafts shall be guarded.


Figure 3 Adapter horn (for use with two sockets)

Figure 4 Socket (for harvesters and trailers)


Figure 5 Horn (for truck or shuttle vehicle)