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# Physics 140, Fall 2016

## First Midterm Exam

October 6, 2016

Form 1

Last First

Fill in your name, student ID number, and form number on the scantron and in the spaces above.

All cell phones, text messaging devices, computers, and communication devices of any type must be
turned off and stowed out of sight.

The exam is closed book. You may use one 3" 5" (7.5 cm 12.5 cm) notecard (both sides). You
may also use a calculator that cannot communicate with the outside world.

You cannot share calculators, notecards, scratch paper, exam booklets, or scantrons. Exam responses
must be based on your individual work only.

You must mark the correct answer on the scantron to get credit for each problem.

The exam is 90 minutes long. There are 20 multiple-choice questions. All questions are of equal value.
There is no penalty for guessing.

At the end of the exam, hand in your scantron and show your UM ID.

## Constants and equations you may find useful:

g = 9.8 m/s2
x = x0 + v0xt + axt2/2
vx = v0x + axt
vx2 = v0x2 + 2ax(x x0)
atan = dv/dt
vA/C = vA/B + vB/C
W = mg
Fk = kN
1.. You are taking an Amtrak train from Ann Arbor to Chicago. There are several track segments in
Michigan where trains run at steady 110 miles per hour,, and your train is on one of these segments.
You hang fuzzy dice on a string attached to the luggage sshelf
helf above your seat. When the train is
rounding a curve to the right,, you observe that the dice deviate from the vertical to the left and hang
motionless with respect to the train. What is the correct force diagram for forces acting on the dice
while on that curve? The arrows represent actual physical forces, not components.

2. A hiker walks 5.0 km due east, then 4.0 km due ssouth, then 2.0 km due west. What is the ratio of
the total distance she walks to the magnitude of her net displacement?

a) 1.0
b) 1.4
c) 1.8
d) 2.2
e) 2.6
3.. A constant total force acts on a mass M over a period of time. At the beginning of this period, the
velocity of the mass is vi, and at the end of this period, it is vf, as shown in the figure on the left. Which
arrow in the figure on the right best represents the direction of the total force that acted on the mass
during this time period?

## 4. Vectors i, j, and k are unit vectors of a right

right-handed
handed rectangular coordinate system. Which vector
operation does not yield zero?

a)    
b)    
c)    
d)    
e)    
5. A body of mass = 5 kg begins moving from rest under the action of F, N
the time-dependent force F(t) shown on the graph. What is the speed of
the body at t = 5 s? 2
1
a) 1.0 m/s
b) 2.0 m/s 0
1 2 3 4 5 t, s
c) 2.5 m/s
d) 5.0 m/s
e) 10.0 m/s

6. What is the angle between vectors (L, L, L) and (2L, 3L, L), where L is some positive number?

a) 22.2
b) 31.7
c) 38.1
d) 51.9
e) 62.3
7. Tarzan shows off to Jane by climbing a vine hand over hand without touching the vine with his legs.
Which of the following statements is necessarily true at every moment as Tarzan climbs?

1) The magnitude of the force he exerts on the vine is the same as the magnitude of the force
the vine exerts on him.
2) The magnitude of the force of gravity on Tarzan is the same as the magnitude of the force
the vine exerts on him.
3) Tarzans acceleration is non-zero.

a) Statement 1 only
b) Statements 1 and 2 only
c) Statements 1 and 3 only
d) Statements 2 and 3 only
e) All three statements

8. The floor of a railroad flatcar is loaded with loose crates having a coefficient of static friction with
the floor. If the train is initially moving at a speed v0, what is the shortest distance over which the train
can be stopped at constant acceleration without causing the crates to slide over the floor?

a) 
/2 
b) 2
/ 
c) 
/2
d) 
/1 + 
e) 1 
/
9. An object is moving clockwise around an oval-
shaped track. Its acceleration vector is always at right 1 2
angles to the trajectory; it is shown in the figure when
the object is at three different positions, labeled 1, 2,
and 3. Which statement best describes the motion of
the object?
3
a) The object moves with a decreasing speed
b) The object moves with a constant speed
c) The object moves with an increasing speed
d) The object moves with constant velocity
e) None of the above

10. A Ferris wheel with radius R = 12 m makes 1 revolution every 15 s. A bolt on the outside
perimeter of the Ferris wheel works loose when at the highest point of its motion at point A (two radii
from the ground). How far from the bottom of the wheel (point B) does the bolt land? Ignore air
resistance. A
a) 5.7 m
b) 9.1 m
c) 11.1 m 2R
d) 13.8 m
e) 15.9 m
B d=?
11. A block A is placed against the vertical front of a cart, as shown in the figure. The coefficient of
static friction between the cart and block is 0.32. What minimal acceleration a must the cart have so
that the block does not fall?

a) 6.72 m/s2
b) 9.83 m/s2
c) 15.6 m/s2
d) 19.8 m/s2
e) 30.6 m/s2

12. A ball of mass m is attached to a massless string of length L, which is tied to a vertical rod rotating
at a constant speed, as shown in the figure. If the ball is observed to hang at a horizontal distance r
from the center of the rod, what must be the tension in the string?

a) /


b) /
+ 

c) /


d) /
+ 

e) /
13. For a projectiles motion in the absence of air resistance, the maximal height achieved by the
projectile in flight equals two times its horizontal range upon landing. At what angle with respect to
the horizontal was the projectile launched? Assume Earth is flat.

a) 38
b) 45
c) 62
d) 75
e) 83

14. Suppose you have a motorcycle that can comfortably maintain a speed of v = 30 m/s under all
conditions. Suppose also that you want to drive your motorcycle through an upright circular loop of
track (i.e. complete a loop-the-loop) at constant speed v = 30 m/s. What is the maximum radius of the
loop that you could negotiate?

a) 9.8 m
b) 17.2 m
c) 30.6 m
d) 91.8 m
e) 112.4 m
15. A boy exerts a constant horizontal force on a large box. As a result, the box moves across a
horizontal floor at a constant speed v0. If now the boy doubles the constant horizontal force that he
exerts on the box to push it on the same horizontal floor, the box then moves:

## a) with a constant speed that is double the speed v0

b) with a constant speed that is greater than the speed v0, but not necessarily twice as great
c) for a while with a speed that is constant and greater than the speed v0, then with a speed that
increases thereafter
d) for a while with an increasing speed, then with a constant speed thereafter
e) with a continuously increasing speed

16. A river is flowing south with speed 12 km/h with respect to the shore. A barge is steaming north
with speed 20 km/h with respect to the river. A dog is running east on the barges upper deck with
speed 16 km/h with respect to the barge. What is the speed of the dog with respect to the shore?

a) 16 km/h
b) 18 km/h
c) 20 km/h
d) 26 km/h
e) 36 km/h
17. Two small bodies are launched simultaneously from the same point at some v
initial height with the same initial speed  = 10 m/s. One body is launched v
horizontally, and the other one at an angle of  = 60 above the horizontal.
While the bodies are still in the air (and before they reach the ground), find the
distance s between them at time  = 2 s after the launch. Both velocity vectors
are in the same vertical plane. Ignore air resistance.

a) 5.0 m
b) 8.7 m
c) 10.0 m
d) 17.3 m
e) 20.0 m

18. A man pushes a heavy crate of books with total mass m along a level, rough floor with a
coefficient of kinetic friction . If he pushes with a force F at an angle below the horizontal, what is
the resulting acceleration of the crate?

## a) /cos " sin " 

b) /cos " + sin " 
c) /cos " sin " + 
d) /cos " + sin " + 
e) /cos " 2 tan " 
19. A child falls into the river at point C and is carried by the current. The river current has a velocity
of 12 m/s relative to shore. Immediately afterwards a rescue boat with a speed of 7 m/s relative to
water is launched from point A. What is the shortest possible time for the boat to reach the child?
B 150 m C
a) 22 s
b) 26 s
c) 31 s Current
100 m
d) 36 s
e) The boat will never be able to reach the child under
these conditions A

## 20. A person with mass M = 70 kg stands on a platform

with mass m = 25 kg. He pulls on the free end of a rope
that runs over a pulley attached to the ceiling and has its
other end fastened to the platform. You can ignore the
mass of the rope and the mass of the pulley and assume a
that the pulley is frictionless. The rope is vertical on M
either side of the pulley. With what force does the person
have to pull so that he and the platform have an upward
acceleration a = 1.8 m/s2? m

a) 441 N
b) 551 N
c) 686 N
d) 796 N
e) 931 N