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English Russian Science Dictionary

arXiv:math/0609472v6 [math.HO] 2 Apr 2012

E-mail address: Aleks_Kleyn@MailAPS.org


URL: http://sites.google.com/site/alekskleyn/
URL: http://arxiv.org/a/kleyn_a_1
URL: http://AleksKleyn.blogspot.com/
. English Russian and Russian English dictionaries presented in
this book are dedicated to help translate a text from one language to another.
I also included the bilingual name index into this book.
- - , -
, - .
.

1. Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3. English Russian Dictionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.1. A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.2. B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.3. C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.4. D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3.5. E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3.6. F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3.7. G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.8. H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.9. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.10. J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.11. K . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.12. L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.13. M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3.14. N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
3.15. O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.16. P . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.17. Q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
3.18. R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
3.19. S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3.20. T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.21. U . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
3.22. V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3.23. W . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.24. Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.1. A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.2. C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.3. D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.4. R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.5. S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4.8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4.9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

3
4

4.10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
4.11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
4.12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
4.13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
4.14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
4.15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
4.16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
4.17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
4.18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
4.19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
4.20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4.21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
4.22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
4.23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
4.24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
4.25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
4.26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
4.27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
4.28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
4.29. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
5. Name index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
1

Preface

According to legend, all people spoke one language. Then they decided to build
up the tower of Babel in order to climb up to the sky. To stop project, L-rd confused
their languages.
Much water has owed since then. A lot of dierent occupations appeared.
Occupation of interpreter is one of the most ancient and important. At the same
time this is art.1.1
Lively text contains phraseology, slang. It is hard to translate it one to one.
Translation of sonnets by Shakespeare from English into Russian is very striking
example. You can compare translations of sonnets by Shakespeare made by S. J.
Marshak and A. M. Finkel. They are dierent works of art although original is
common.
I use sonnet 90 for the purposes of illustration.

Then hate me when thou wilt; if ever, now;


Now, while the world is bent my deeds to cross,
Join with the spite of fortune, make me bow,
And do not drop in for an after-loss:
Ah! do not, when my heart hath scaped this sorrow,
Come in the rearward of a conquered woe;
Give not a windy night a rainy morrow,
To linger out a purposed overthrow.
If thou wilt leave me, do not leave me last,
When other petty griefs have done their spite,
But in the onset come: so shall I taste
At rst the very worst of fortunes might;
And other strains of woe, which now seem woe,
Compared with loss of thee, will not seem so.

Translation by S. J. Marshak.

,
, .
,
!

,
1.1It looks as in spite of this human is not ready to build up new tower of Babel. I believe
people should learn to understand each other, no matter what views they may have. Mankind
must become mature to get this goal.

5
6 1. Preface

.

.

, ,
.
, ,
,

,
.

Translation by A. M. Finkel.

, , ! ,
, .
, ,
.
, ,
.

, -
! ,
.
,
.

.

No doubt, to appreciate the dierence of these translations at its true value,


we need to know well both languages. However I add few notes.
Although both translations describe similar situation in the life, there is one
strong dierence. Translation by Finkel is foreboding of disaster which is possibly
unavoidable. Translation by Marshak is epicenter. Although translations are dierent,
each of them leaves indelible track. Each of translations reects individual perception
of interpreter, his emotional experience. The strength of translations is that Marshak
and Finkel are co-authors of Shakespeare.
There exists opinion that it is much easier to translate technical text. Unambiguity
of translation of term is one of the reasons. Another reason is existence of set of
phrases; using of such phrases make easier realization of the text.
However I do not agree with this point of view. It is not enough to write
good theorems for writing of the paper. We expect that somebody reads the paper.
And good style is important here. This is more important when we translate a
paper from one language to other. Sometimes it is not easy task to put text into
frame prepared in advance. Moreover, any text has emotional color which expresses
authors relationship. In this case we need somebodys help.
1. Preface 7

Writing papers I frequently use outside assistance during translation. Today we


can nd such help because of development of software and internet. For instance,
you can nd a lot of forums on web page
http://forum.lingvo.ru/actualforum.aspx
and somebody in these forums can help you to translate text. I frequently use help
of the forum "English-Russian-English translation"
http://forum.lingvo.ru/actualtopics.aspx?bid=18
and I am very grateful to everybody who helps me to translate my papers.
Usually I am looking for help in the forum either I meet unusual grammatical
form, or expression which I cannot translate unambiguously. Very often when I
translate I feel that I need to change original sentence in order to make it more
sucient to my ideas in both languages.
When I feel that I need additional assistance, I visit Google, book search,
http://books.google.com/bkshp?tab=wp
where I can nd appropriate terminology or sample how to write proper sentence.
In Russian literature there is good custom to mention name of interpreter.
Because I turn for help to forum, it is hard for me to follow this custom. Therefore
I decided to tell about people who help me in the book dedicated to process of
translation.
Initially I started this vocabulary as immediate helper to write papers. I wrote
vocabulary slowly. I put into vocabulary terms and denitions which was important
for me and I met in books published on both languages. When vocabulary became
large enough I decided to make it available for others. I also took into account the
wishes expressed in response to previous versions of vocabulary. This vocabulary
involves only physical and mathematical terminology. Word may have an alternative
translation or dierent meaning in common speech. However I did not include this
information into vocabulary
I also included the bilingual name index into this book. I added into this list
only names which I met in both Russian and English texts. However there is one
more problem which I meet when I translate papers. Sometimes the relationship
between the writing and and the pronunciation is not clear. It would be good idea
to add transcription, however I did not make it because I did not have reliable
source.
2

, . -
, .
, - .
. . -
. -
.2.1
, . , -
. -
. , . .
. . . , .
90.

Then hate me when thou wilt; if ever, now;


Now, while the world is bent my deeds to cross,
Join with the spite of fortune, make me bow,
And do not drop in for an after-loss:
Ah! do not, when my heart hath scaped this sorrow,
Come in the rearward of a conquered woe;
Give not a windy night a rainy morrow,
To linger out a purposed overthrow.
If thou wilt leave me, do not leave me last,
When other petty griefs have done their spite,
But in the onset come: so shall I taste
At rst the very worst of fortunes might;
And other strains of woe, which now seem woe,
Compared with loss of thee, will not seem so.

. . .

,
, .
,
!

,
.
2.1 , , . -
, ,
. .

9
10 2.

, ,
.
, ,
,

,
.

. . .

, , ! ,
, .
, ,
.
, ,
.

, -
! ,
.
,
.

.

, , -
. .
-
, . .. -
, . - -
. ,
. , -
. , , -
.
, -
. - .
- ,
.
.
, , . .
. ,
. -
. ,
, .
.
2. 11

, -
. , ,
, . ,
http://forum.lingvo.ru/actualforum.aspx
,
. "--
"
http://forum.lingvo.ru/actualtopics.aspx?bid=18
,
.
-
, , .

, .
, , ,
google, book search,
http://books.google.com/bkshp?tab=wp

.
-
. ,
. ,
, .

. . -
, ,
. .
. -
, .
.
, -
.
.
, , -
. ,
. -
. ,
, .
3

English Russian Dictionary

3.1. A
A-valued function: A-
Abelian group:
absolute value: ;
Example 3.1.1.
Absolute value on skew eld D is a mapping
d D |d| R
which satises the following axioms
|a| 0
|a| = 0 if, and only if, a = 0
|ab| = |a| |b|
|a + b| |a| + |b|
D -
d D |d| R
,
|a| 0
|a| = 0 a = 0
|ab| = |a| |b|
|a + b| |a| + |b|

absorption of photon:
acceleration:
accelerator:
according to theorem 2.1: 2.1
Example 3.1.2.
According to theorem 2.1, triangles ABC and DBC equal.
2.1 ABC DBC . 
acute angle:
additive group:
adjacent angle:
adjoin:
Example 3.1.3.
We adjoin to (2.7) all the equations obtained by equating
to 0 those commutators which are not expressible in the form
(2,10).
13
14 3. English Russian Dictionary

see [English.9], p. 7
(2.7) , -
0 , (2.10).
. [Russian.9], . 13, 14

adjoint group:
algebra bundle:
algebraic:
algebraic complement of matrix: -

algebraic extension:
amplitude:
analytic in x (x is variable): x (x - )
Example 3.1.4.
The following treatment applies to a domain in which ia are
analytic in the s and xs,
see [English.9], p. 1
, ia -
x.
. [Russian.9], . 7

angle:
angle of incidence:
angle of reection:
angle of refraction:
angular momentum:
anholonomic coordinates:
anholonomity:
anholonomity object:
annihilation operator:
annihilator:
apocentre:
approximation:
arccosecant:
arccosine:
arccotangent:
arcsecant:
arcsine:
arctangent:
arity:
as small as we please:
associative:
associative law:
associativity:
3.3. C 15

at rst glance:
at rst sight:
at least:
Example 3.1.5.
At least in the neighborhood of the identity.
, . 
attractor:
auto parallel line:
axiom of choice:

3.2. B
Banach algebra:
Banach space:
base of bered correspondence:
base of topology:
basis for vector space: ; -

basis of vector space: ; -

behavior:
Bells theorem:
bijection:
bimodule:
binary:
Bott periodicity:
boundary:
boundary conditions:
By Theorem 2,1: 2.1
Example 3.2.1.
By Theorem 2.1, a = b.
2.1, a = b. 

3.3. C
canonical map:
Example 3.3.1.
The map f of G onto G/H constructed above is called canonical
map, and G/H is called the factor group of G by H.
see [English.2], p. 14
f G G/H, , -
, G/H
G H.
. [Russian.2], . 28

Cartesian coordinate system:
16 3. English Russian Dictionary

Cartesian power:
Cartesian product:
category:
Cauchy sequence:
causal relationship: -
causal scalar eld:
causal vector eld:
chain rule:
change of coordinates:
change of variable:
chaos:
chart over U : U
closure of the set:
closure operator:
closure system:
cluster point:
coarsest topology:
cofactor of matrix:
colloquia:
colloquium:
column vector:
combinatorics:
commutative diagram:
commutativity:
commutator:
commute:
Example 3.3.2.
Because P commutes with H, the proper states of H can be
labeled by proper values of P .
see [English.10], p. 106
P H, H
P . 
compact-open topology: -
comparable topology:
complete division ring:
complete eld:
complete lattice:
complete space:
complete system:
completely integrable:
complex eld:
componentwise:
conditions of integrability:
conformal transformation:
congruence: ;
conjugate quaternion:
connected group:
3.3. C 17

connection coecients:
conservation law:
consider:
Example 3.3.3.
Consider correspondence from set A to set B.
A B. 
continuous in neighborhood:
continuous in x: x
contradiction:
Example 3.3.4.
The contradiction completes the proof of the theorem.
. 
contravariant:
convection:
convention:
Example 3.3.5.
We use the convention that we present any set of vectors of
the vector space as a row.
, -
. 
converge:
Example 3.3.6.
Filter F converges to x.
F x. 
conversely:
convex function:
coordinate chart:
correlation:
correspondence from A to B: A B
cosecant:
cosine:
cotangent:
countable set:
counter:
covariant:
cover:
covering space:
Example 3.3.7.
Consider the covering space R S 1 of the circle S 1 dened
by p(t) = (sin t, cos t) for any t R.
R S 1 S 1 , -
p(t) = (sin t, cos t) t R. 
Cramers Rule:

D-vector space: D-
18 3. English Russian Dictionary

creation operator:
crystal lattice:
curve:
curvilinear coordinates:
cycle:
cyclic group:

3.4. D
D -vector space: D -
decomposition of map:
dene:
Example 3.4.1.
This equation denes the inverse transformation.
. 
degree of map:
denominator:
Example 3.4.2.
Let us reduce items to a common denominator.
. 
dependence:
derivative of second or greater order with respect: -

develop equation:
diagram of correspondences:
dierence:
dierence module:
dierentiability:
dierentiable function:
dierentiable in the Frechet sense:
dierentiable in the G ateaux sense:
dierentiate the function with respect to x: -
x
diraction:
diusion:
discrete space:
discrete topology:
distributive law:
distributive property of multiplication over addition:

division ring: ( )
domain:
Doppler shift:
downstairs:
Example 3.4.3.
We sum over any index which appears twice in the same
term, once upstairs and once downstairs.
3.5. E 19

, -
, , - . 
D -linearly dependent: D -
D -linearly independent: D -
D -vector function: D --
D -vector space: D -
D-linearly dependent: D-
D-linearly independent: D-
dual module:
dual space:
dynamics:

3.5. E
eccentricity:
eclipse:
elementary particle:
emission of photon:
endomorphism:
energy:
engine:
enhanced:
entropy:
envelope of a family of plane curves:

enveloping algebra:
equation is satised identically: -

equivalence class:
equivalence relation:
Erlanger Program:
essential parameters in a set of functions:

Euclidean metric:
Euclidean space:
evaluating by equating x to the a: a x
event horizon:
event space:
evidence:
evidently:
Example 3.5.1.
The only solution is evidently f = 0.
see [English.9], p. 7
, , f = 0.
. [Russian.9], . 14

20 3. English Russian Dictionary

exact sequence of modules:


extension eld:
extension of correspondence:
exterior dierential:
exterior product:
external algebra:
external power:
extremal:
extreme:
extreme line:

3.6. F
factor: ; ;
Example 3.6.1.
To factor a polynomial means to nd two or more polynomials
whose product is the given polynomial.
,
, -
. 
factor group:
factorization:
ber:
bered correspondence:
bered map:
bered product:
eld-strength tensor:
lter:
lter base:
nest topology:
nite dimensional:
nite set:
Finsler metric:
Finslerian metric:
force:
Example 3.6.2.
In 1935, Hideki Yukawa proposed a quite dierent eld theory
of the nuclear force.
see [English.1], p. 29, 30
1935 -
.
. [Russian.1], . 39

the Frechet derivative:
the Frechet dierential:
free representation:
3.8. H 21

frequency:
friction: ;
function f of x: f x
functional:
functor:
fundamental sequence:

3.7. G
G-principal bundle: G-
galaxy:
the G
ateaux derivative:
the G
ateaux dierential:
gauge invariance:
general relativity:
generally speaking:
generated:
Example 3.7.1.
Algebra A generated by the set S is a K-algebra
A, S, K-. 
generator:
geometry:
Global Positioning System:
gluing functions:
Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization procedure: -

graph:
graph theory:
gravity probe:
group bundle:

3.8. H
Hadamard inverse:
has relevance to:
head of vector:
helical structure:
helicity:
hermitian form:
highest common factor of p and q: p q
holonomic coordinates:
homeomorphic:
homeomorphism:
homogeneous:
homogeneous Lorentz group:
homology:
homomorphism:
homotopic:
homotopy:
22 3. English Russian Dictionary

hyperne splitting:
hyperplane:

3.9. I
identical particles:
identication:
identication morphism:
identity:
i: ,
Example 3.9.1.
a = 0 i aji = 0 for any i, j.
a = 0 , aji = 0 i, j. 
image under map:
Example 3.9.2.
We dene the image of the set A under correspondence
according to law
A = {b : (a, b) , a A}

A

A = {b : (a, b) , a A}

in a similar way:
Example 3.9.3.
In a similar way, we can introduce a coordinate reference
frame.

. 
in general:
Example 3.9.4.
However in general this product is not D -linear map.
, , D --
. 
indicatrix:
inequation:
innitesimal: ;
inhomogeneous:
inhomogeneous Lorentz group:
injection:
insulator: ;
interaction:
3.12. L 23

Example 3.9.5.
The observed range of the strong interactions whitin nuclei
led Yukawa to estimate that ~/c is of the order of 200 electron
masses.
see [English.1], p. 30
-
, , ~/(c) 200 .
. [Russian.1], . 39

interaction picture:
interference:
inverse transformation:
irreducible representation:
is related to:
isotropic vector:
it is evident that: ,
Example 3.9.6.
From (2.2) it is evident that any solution of (2.7) satises
(2.9).
(2.2) , (2.7)
(2.9). 

3.10. J
Jacobian:
Jacobian matrix:

3.11. K
kernel: ()
Kerr metric:
kinematics:
Klein bottle:
knot:

3.12. L
Lagrangian:
lattice: ( )
left side of equation:
left-distributive:
LH ospitals rule:
lift of correspondence: ;
lift of morphism: ;
lift of vector eld: ;
limit:
limit of correspondence with respect to the lter:

24 3. English Russian Dictionary

limit of sequence:
limit point:
limit set:
linearly dependent:
linearly independent:
little group:
locally compact space:
loop (quasigroup with unit element): ( )
Example 3.12.1.
An algebra Q =< Q, . ./, > equiped with binary operation of
multiplication (. ) and right division (/) and with a constant Q
is called a right loop if < Q, . , / > is a right quasigroup such that
additional identity . x = x is satised.
see [English.3], p. 24
, , .
. [Russian.3], . 39

Lorentz transformation:
lower index:

3.13. M
the Mach principle:
manifolds with ane connections:
mapping:
mass:
massive particle:
massless particle:
mathematical:
mathematician:
mathematics:
mean value theorem:
measure:
measurement:
metric-ane manifold: -
Milky Way:
mixed system:
Moebius band:
momentum:
monic polynomial: ;
monomial:
monotone function:
monotonic function:
multiple root:
multiplication:
multiplication table:
multiplicative group:
3.14. N 25

multiplicity of x in f : x f
Example 3.13.1.
If the multiplicity of a is greater then 1, a is called a multiple
root.
a , 1, a .

multiply by 2: 2
multiply by b: b
muon:
mutually orthogonal: ; -
;
Example 3.13.2.
Let i be in Jp ; since ei Tp and T is the direct sum of the
mutually orthogonal subspaces T0 , T1 , ..., Ts , the hyperplane of T
orthogonal to ei is of the form Li + Tp , where Li is the hyperplane
of Tp orthogonal to ei .
see [English.7], p. 89
i Jp . ei Tp T - -
T0 , T1 , ..., Ts , T ,
ei , Li + Tp , Li - Tp ,
ei .
. [Russian.7], . 106

mutually perpendicular: ; -

Example 3.13.3.
We shall take two mutually perpendicular axes X X and Y Y
on a plane, with their point of intersection O as origin on each.
see [English.5], p. 14
X X

Y Y
O.
. [Russian.5], . 21


3.14. N
name index:
natural mapping:
natural morphism:
necessary and sucient:
Example 3.14.1.
26 3. English Russian Dictionary

In order that a system of equations (1) admit solution necessary


and sucient that there exist a positive integer N such that
equations F1 , ..., FN are compatible.
, (1) , -
, N ,
F1 , ..., FN . 
neighborhood:
neutrino:
neutron:
neutron star:
non-Abelian group:
nondegenerate form:
nontrivial:
norm:
Example 3.14.2.
Norm on D -vector space V over non-discrete valued skew
eld D is a mapping
v V p(v) R
which satises the following axioms
p(v) 0
p(v) = 0 if, and only if, v = 0
p(v + w) p(v) + p(w)
p(av) = |a|p(v) for all a D and all v V
D - V -
D -
v V p(v) R
,
p(v) 0
p(v) = 0 v = 0
p(v + w) p(v) + p(w)
p(av) = |a|p(v) a D v V

normed space:
nucleus: ()
numerator:

3.15. O
obtain by dierentiating:
obtuse angle:
Occams razor:
operate:
Example 3.15.1.
Operating on equation (1) with operator V yields an integral
equation.
3.16. P 27

(1) V , -
. 
opposite preordering:
ordered set:
ordering:
orthonormal basis:

3.16. P
parallel transport:
parallelepiped:
parity:
partial dierential equation:
partial ordering:
partition of unity: ;
Paschs axiom:
passage to the limit:
pericentre:
perturbation:
pfaan derivative:
phenomena:
phenomenon:
photon:
physical:
physicist:
physics:
point: ;
polology:
polyadditive map:
polylinear form:
polynomial: ;
polyvector:
poolback bundle: ;
positive denite form:
positive integer:
power of set:
precession:
preordering:
prime ideal:
principal bundle:
probability:
problem:
proceeding in this way: ; -

projection:
projective plane:
proof by induction:
propagation:
proper state:
28 3. English Russian Dictionary

proper value:
pseudo-Euclidean space:
pulsar:

3.17. Q
quantum entanglement:
quark:
quasar:
quasigroup:
Example 3.17.1.
An algebra Q =< Q, . , / > equipped with binary operations
of multiplications (. ) and right division (/) which satisfy the
identities
(x/y). y = x (x. y)/y = x
is called a right quasigroupp.
see [English.3], p. 23
, a, b -

ax = b, ya = b
.
. [Russian.3], . 39

quaternion:
quotient bundle:
quotient group:
quotient ring:
quotient set:
quotient topology:

3.18. R
radiation belt:
range: ;
rational eld:

D-linearly dependent: D-

D-linearly independent: D-

D-vector space: D-
real function:
real valued function:
reciprocal image:
reduced Cartesian product of bundles: -

reduced bered correspondence:
reduction of similar terms:
reference frame:
reexive:
3.19. S 29

regression:
relation:
relevance: ; ;
Example 3.18.1.
Distinction between Lorentz and Poincar e groups is of no
relevance here.

. 
remainder:
repeated root:
represent:
residue:
resistance:
resistivity:
resonance:
restriction of correspondence to set C:
C
retract:
retraction:
right angle:
right side of equation:
right-distributive:
ring of characteristic p: p
ring of integers:
rotation group:
row vector:

3.19. S
scale:
scattering:
scattering amplitude:
scattering from crystal:
scattering theory:
secant:
section:
segment:
seismology:
semiconductor:
semigroup:
series: ( )
set of functions:
set of power of continuum:
sieve of Eratosthenes:
similar triangles:
simple polyvector:
simple ring:
simple root:
30 3. English Russian Dictionary

simplex:
simply connected:
sine:
single transitive representation:
skew eld: ( )
skew product of vectors:
skew-symmetric form:
skew-symmetric tensor:
solar eclipse:
solution of dierential equation: -

solve for the c: c
Example 3.19.1.
Equation may be solved for the c.
c. 
spacelike vector:
special relativity:
sphere:
spherical triangle:
splittable algebra:
D-linearly dependent: D-
D-linearly independent: D-
star-shaped domain:
Example 3.19.2.
This result, known as the Poincar e lemma, will hold for
star-shaped domains M Rm , where "star-shaped" means that
whenever x M , so is the entire line segment joining x to the
origin: {x : 0 1} M .
see [English.4], p. 59
, ,
M Rm . "" ,
x M , x
: {x : 0 1} M .
. [Russian.4], . 94

stationary state:
strictly monotone function:
strictly monotonic function:
strongly monotone function:
strongly monotonic function:
structural constants:
structure constants:
Example 3.19.3.
Suppose g is any nite-dimensional Lie algebra, so by Theorem
1.54 g is the Lie algebra of some Lie group G. If we introduce
3.20. T 31

a basis {v1 , ..., vr } of g, then the Lie bracket of any two basis
vectors must again be in g. Thus there are certain constants ckij ,
i, j, k = 1, ..., r, called the structure constants of g such that
X
r
[vi , vj ] = ckij vk i, j = 1, ..., r
k=1

see [English.4], p. 50
g - ,
1.54 g - G.
g {v1 , ..., vr }, -
g. ,
ckij , i, j, k = 1, ..., r, -
g, ,
X
r
[vi , vj ] = ckij vk i, j = 1, ..., r
k=1

. [Russian.4], . 82

subordinate:
Example 3.19.4.
For each open cover Ua of X there is a partition of unity {b }
subordinate to the cover.
Ua X
{b }, . 
subtrahend:
summation convention:
summer solstice:
surjection:
symmetric:
symmetry:
synchronization procedure:
synchrotron:
system of total dierential equations: -

3.20. T
tail of vector:
tangent:
Taylor series:
tensor of order 2: 2
tensor product:
there exist:
Example 3.20.1.
There exists a positive integer N such that equations F1 , ...,
FN are compatible.
32 3. English Russian Dictionary

N ,
F1 , ..., FN . 
tidal acceleration:
timelike vector:
to be coarser than:
Example 3.20.2.
Filter F is coarser than lter B.
F B. 
Example 3.20.3.
Topology T1 is coarser than topology T2 .
T1 T2 . 
to be ner than:
Example 3.20.4.
Filter F is ner than lter B.
F B. 
Example 3.20.5.
Topology T1 is ner than topology T2 .
T1 T2 . 
topological space:
topology:
torsion:
torus:
total dierential:
total ordering:
total space:
trajectory:
transition function:
transitive:
triangle:
trigonometrical:
trigonometry:
trivial:
Tunguska Cosmic Body:
tuple:
turbulence:
twin representation:
two-sided ideal:

3.21. U
uniform continuity:
uniform space:
uniformly continuous function:
unit sphere:
unless otherwise stated:
3.22. V 33

Example 3.21.1.
Simply-connected commutative Lie groups are called vector
(Lie) groups; unless stated otherwise, they are always given the
R-vector space structure dened above.
see [English.8], p. 282
-
(); ,
R--
.
. [Russian.8], . 7

Example 3.21.2.
In this section, E denotes a locally convex space and E its
dual. Whenever we talk of the polar M of a set M in E (resp.
E ), we shall always mean, unless otherwise stated, the polar of
M relative to the duality between E and E .
see [English.6], p. 147
, E -
, E ,
, M (. M ) M E (. M
E ), , , -
M (. M ) E (. E),
E E .
. [Russian.6], . 212

up to notation:
Example 3.21.3.
I can repeat, up to notation, proof of theorem 2.1.
-
2.1. 
upper index:
upstairs:
Example 3.21.4.
We sum over any index which appears twice in the same
term, once upstairs and once downstairs.
, -
, , - . 

3.22. V
valued division ring:
valued eld:
valued skew eld:
variable:
34 3. English Russian Dictionary

vector bundle:
vector function: -
vector space:
verify directly:
Example 3.22.1.
We verify directly that A is linear map.
, A - -
. 
Example 3.22.2.
We verify the statement of the theorem directly.
-
. 
vertex:
vertical:
vertices:
viscosity:

3.23. W
wave:
winter solstice:
without loss of generality: ; -

3.24. Z
Zermelo proposition:
zero divisor:
4

4.1. A
A- : A-valued function

4.2. C

D- : D-vector space

4.3. D

D - : D -vector space
D - : D -vector space
D --: D -vector function
D - : D -linearly dependent
D - : D -linearly independent
D- : D-linearly dependent
D- : D-linearly independent

4.4. R

D- : D-vector space

D- : D-linearly dependent

D- : D-linearly independent

4.5. S
D- : D-linearly dependent
D- : D-linearly independent

4.6.
: Abelian group
: absolute value
: auto parallel line
: additive group
: axiom of choice
: Paschs axiom
: algebraic
: algebraic complement of matrix;
cofactor of matrix
: algebraic extension
: amplitude
: scattering amplitude

35
36 4.

x (x - ): analytic in x (x is variable)
4.6.1.
, -
ia x.
. [Russian.9], . 7
The following treatment applies to a domain in which ia are analytic
in the s and xs,
see [English.9], p. 1

: annihilator
: apocentre
: arccosecant
: arccosine
: arccotangent
: arcsecant
: arcsine
: arctangent
: arity
: associativity
: associative
: attractor
- : metric-ane manifold

4.7.
: base of bered correspondence
: basis for vector space; basis of vector
space
: basis for vector space; basis of vector
space
: base of topology
: lter base
: Banach algebra
: Banach space
: massless particle
: innitesimal
: innitesimal
: bijection
: bimodule
: binary
: Occams razor
: Klein bottle

4.8.
: relevance
4.8. 37

4.8.1.

.
Distinction between Lorentz and Poincare groups is of no relevance
here. 
: upstairs
4.8.2.
, -
, ,
- .
We sum over any index which appears twice in the same term, once
upstairs and once downstairs. 
: column vector
: row vector
: vector space
: vector bundle
-: vector function
: probability
: vertical
: upper index
: vertex
: vertices
: mutually orthogonal
: mutually perpendicular
4.8.3.

X X Y Y
O.
. [Russian.5], . 21
We shall take two mutually perpendicular axes X X and Y Y on a
plane, with their point of intersection O as origin on each.
see [English.5], p. 14

: interaction
4.8.4.
-
, , ~/(c) 200
.
. [Russian.1], . 39
The observed range of the strong interactions whitin nuclei led Yukawa
to estimate that ~/c is of the order of 200 electron masses.
see [English.1], p. 30

38 4.

: exterior product
: exterior dierential
: external algebra
: external power
: downstairs
4.8.5.
, -
, ,
- .
We sum over any index which appears twice in the same term, once
upstairs and once downstairs. 
: perturbation
: wave
: generally speaking; in general
4.8.6.
, ,
D -.
However in general this product is not D -linear map. 
: completely integrable
: timelike vector
: develop equation
: convex function
: residue
: subtrahend
: viscosity

4.9.
: galaxy
: geometry
: hyperplane
G-: G-principal bundle
: principal bundle
: Global Positioning System
: holonomic coordinates
: homeomorphism
: homeomorphic
: homology
: homomorphism
: homotopy
: homotopic
: event horizon
: gravity probe
: boundary
: boundary conditions
: graph
: rotation group
4.11. 39

4.10.
: engine
: two-sided ideal
: operate
4.10.1.
(1) V ,
.
Operating on equation (1) with operator V yields an integral equation.

: Cartesian coordinate system
: Cartesian power
: Cartesian product
: zero divisor
: diagram of correspondences
: dynamics
: discrete topology
: discrete space
: left-distributive
: right-distributive
: distributive
property of multiplication over addition
: diraction
: the Gateaux dierential
: the Frechet dierential
x: dierentiate the function with respect
to x
: dierentiable function
: dierentiability
: dierentiable in the Gateaux sense
: dierentiable in the Frechet sense
: diusion
: insulator
: proof by induction
: dual space
: dual module

4.11.
: unit sphere
: identity
: unless otherwise stated
4.11.1.
-
(); -
, -
R- .
. [Russian.8], . 7
40 4.

Simply-connected commutative Lie groups are called vector (Lie) groups;


unless stated otherwise, they are always given the R-vector space structure
dened above.
see [English.8], p. 282

4.11.2.
, E -
, E
, , M (. M )
M E (. M E ), , -
, M (. M ) E
(. E), E E .
. [Russian.6], . 212
In this section, E denotes a locally convex space and E its dual.
Whenever we talk of the polar M of a set M in E (resp. E ), we shall
always mean, unless otherwise stated, the polar of M relative to the duality
between E and E .
see [English.6], p. 147

: natural mapping
: natural morphism

4.12.
: dependence
: problem
: associative law
: distributive law
: conservation law
: change of coordinates
: change of variable
: closure of the set
: eclipse
: solar eclipse
: star-shaped domain
4.12.1.
, , -
M Rm . "" -
, x M ,
x : {x : 0 1} M .
. [Russian.4], . 94
This result, known as the Poincare lemma, will hold for star-shaped
domains M Rm , where "star-shaped" means that whenever x M , so
is the entire line segment joining x to the origin: {x : 0 1} M .
4.14. 41

see [English.4], p. 59

: winter solstice
: denominator
4.12.2.
.
Let us reduce items to a common denominator. 
: relevance

4.13.
: emission of photon
: measurement
: measure
: insulator
: isotropic vector
: has relevance to; is related to
: name index
: momentum
: indicatrix
: interference
: injection

4.14.
: gauge invariance
: canonical map
4.14.1.
f G G/H, , -
, G/H -
G H.
. [Russian.2], . 28
The map f of G onto G/H constructed above is called canonical map,
and G/H is called the factor group of G by H.
see [English.2], p. 14

: category
: quasar
: quasigroup
4.14.2.
, a, b

ax = b, ya = b
.
42 4.

. [Russian.3], . 39
An algebra Q =< Q, , / > equipped with binary operations of multiplications
.

(. ) and right division (/) which satisfy the identities


(x/y). y = x (x. y)/y = x
is called a right quasigroupp.
see [English.3], p. 23

: quantum entanglement
: quark
: quaternion
: kinematics
: equivalence class
: covariant
: colloquium
: colloquia
p: ring of characteristic p
: ring of integers
: combinatorics
: commutative diagram
: commutativity
: commutator
: commute
4.14.3.
P H, H
P .
Because P commutes with H, the proper states of H can be labeled
by proper values of P .
see [English.10], p. 106

- : compact-open topology
: convection
: congruence
: head of vector
: nite set
: nite dimensional
: contravariant
: conformal transformation
: coordinate chart
: correlation
: tuple
: cosecant
: cosine
: skew product of vectors
: skew-symmetric form
4.16. 43

: skew-symmetric tensor
: cotangent
: connection coecients
x f : multiplicity of x in f
4.14.4.
a , 1, a
.
If the multiplicity of a is greater then 1, a is called a multiple root. 
: multiple root; repeated root
: curve
: curvilinear coordinates
: crystal lattice
: torsion

4.15.
: Lagrangian
: left side of equation
: summer solstice
: total ordering
: linearly dependent
: linearly independent
: Moebius band
: lift of vector eld
: lift of morphism
: lift of correspondence
: locally compact space
( ): loop (quasigroup with unit element)
4.15.1.
, , .
. [Russian.3], . 39
An algebra Q =< Q, . ./, > equiped with binary operation of multiplication
(. ) and right division (/) and with a constant Q is called a right loop
if < Q, . , / > is a right quasigroup such that additional identity . x = x
is satised.
see [English.3], p. 24


4.16.
: to be ner than
4.16.1.
F B.
Filter F is ner than lter B. 
4.16.2.
T1 T2 .
Topology T1 is ner than topology T2 . 
44 4.

: little group
: mass
: massive particle
: scale
: mathematician
: mathematics
: mathematical
: Jacobian matrix
: Kerr metric
: to be coarser than
4.16.3.
F B.
Filter F is coarser than lter B. 
4.16.4.
T1 T2 .
Topology T1 is coarser than topology T2 . 
: Milky Way
: polynomial
: range
: set of power of continuum
: factor
: angular momentum
: monotone function; monotonic function
: identication morphism
: bered map
: power of set
: multiplicative group
: muon

4.17.
: at rst glance; at rst sight
p q: highest common factor of p and
q
: covering space
4.17.1.
R S 1 S 1 , -
p(t) = (sin t, cos t) t R.
Consider the covering space R S 1 of the circle S 1 dened by p(t) =
(sin t, cos t) for any t R. 
: positive integer
: tail of vector
: without loss of generality
: without loss of generality
: non-Abelian group
: nondegenerate form
: anholonomity
4.17. 45

: anholonomic coordinates
: neutrino
: neutron
: neutron star
: necessary and sucient
4.17.2.
, (1) , -
,
N , F1 , ..., FN .
In order that a system of equations (1) admit solution necessary and
sucient that there exist a positive integer N such that equations F1 , ...,
FN are compatible. 
: inhomogeneous Lorentz group
: inhomogeneous
: verify directly
4.17.3.
, A -
.
We verify directly that A is linear map. 
4.17.4.
-
.
We verify the statement of the theorem directly. 
: continuous in neighborhood
x: continuous in x
: irreducible representation
: inequation
: nontrivial
: lower index
: absolute value; norm
4.17.5.
D - V -
D -
v V p(v) R
,
p(v) 0
p(v) = 0 v = 0
p(v + w) p(v) + p(w)
p(av) = |a|p(v) a D v V
Norm on D -vector space V over non-discrete valued skew eld D is
a mapping
v V p(v) R
which satises the following axioms
p(v) 0
p(v) = 0 if, and only if, v = 0
46 4.

p(v + w) p(v) + p(w)


p(av) = |a|p(v) for all a D and all v V

4.17.6.
D -
d D |d| R
,
|a| 0
|a| = 0 a = 0
|ab| = |a| |b|
|a + b| |a| + |b|
Absolute value on skew eld D is a mapping
d D |d| R
which satises the following axioms
|a| 0
|a| = 0 if, and only if, a = 0
|ab| = |a| |b|
|a + b| |a| + |b|

: valued eld
: normed space
: valued division ring; valued skew eld

4.18.
: enveloping algebra
: range
: domain
: image under map
4.18.1.
A

A = {b : (a, b) , a A}

We dene the image of the set A under correspondence according


to law
A = {b : (a, b) , a A}

: generator
: conversely
: inverse transformation
: reciprocal image
: poolback bundle
: Hadamard inverse
: general relativity
4.19. 47

: anholonomity object
: envelope of a family of plane
curves
: homogeneous Lorentz group
: homogeneous
: simply connected
: single transitive representation
: monomial
: neighborhood
: closure operator
: creation operator
: annihilation operator
: dene
4.18.2.
.
This equation denes the inverse transformation. 
: mutually orthogonal
: orthonormal basis
: remainder
: acute angle
: relation
: mapping
: identication
: segment
: evidently
4.18.3.
, , f = 0.
. [Russian.9], . 14
The only solution is evidently f = 0.
see [English.9], p. 7

, : it is evident that
4.18.4.
(2.2) , -
(2.7) (2.9).
From (2.2) it is evident that any solution of (2.7) satises (2.9). 
: evidence

4.19.
: parallelepiped
: parallel transport
: twin representation
: variable
: Bott periodicity
48 4.

: pericentre
: mutually perpendicular
: at least
4.19.1.
, .
At least in the neighborhood of the identity. 
: behavior
: absorption of photon
: similar triangles
: in a similar way
4.19.2.

.
In a similar way, we can introduce a coordinate reference frame. 
a x: evaluating by equating x to the a
: subordinate
4.19.3.
Ua X -
{b }, .
For each open cover Ua of X there is a partition of unity {b } subordinate
to the cover. 
: lift of vector eld
: lift of morphism
: lift of correspondence
: componentwise
: cover
: complex eld
: rational eld
: polyadditive map
: polyvector
: polylinear form
: polynomial
: complete system
: complete lattice
: complete eld
: complete space
: complete division ring
: total dierential
: positive denite form
: polology
: semigroup
: semiconductor
: obtain by dierentiating
: mutually orthogonal
4.19.4.
4.19. 49

i Jp . ei Tp T -
T0 , T1 , ..., Ts , -
T , ei , Li + Tp , Li - -
Tp , ei .
. [Russian.7], . 106
Let i be in Jp ; since ei Tp and T is the direct sum of the mutually
orthogonal subspaces T0 , T1 , ..., Ts , the hyperplane of T orthogonal to ei
is of the form Li + Tp , where Li is the hyperplane of Tp orthogonal to ei .
see [English.7], p. 89

: generated
4.19.5.
A, S, K--
.
Algebra A generated by the set S is a K-algebra 
: Cauchy sequence
: right side of equation
: chain rule
: Cramers Rule
: LHospitals rule
: summation convention
: limit
: limit of sequence
: limit of correspondence with respect
to the lter
: limit point
: limit set
: passage to the limit
: interaction picture
: represent
: preordering
: Lorentz transformation
: precession
: approximation
: reduction of similar terms
: reduced Cartesian
product of bundles
: reduced bered correspondence
: monic polynomial
: tidal acceleration
: the Mach principle
: adjoint group
: adjoin
4.19.6.
50 4.

(2.7) , -
0 ,
(2.10).
. [Russian.9], . 13, 14
We adjoin to (2.7) all the equations obtained by equating to 0 those
commutators which are not expressible in the form (2,10).
see [English.9], p. 7

: causal vector eld
: causal scalar eld
- : causal relationship
: proceeding in this way
: extension of correspondence
: proceeding in this way
: projective plane
: projection
: derivative
of second or greater order with respect
: the Gateaux derivative
: the Frechet derivative
: poolback bundle
: simple ring
: prime ideal
: simple root
: simple polyvector
: spacelike vector
: manifolds with ane connections
: event space
: opposite preordering
: contradiction
4.19.7.
.
The contradiction completes the proof of the theorem. 
: synchronization procedure
: Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization
procedure
: right angle
: pseudo-Euclidean space
: pulsar
: pfaan derivative

4.20.
: uniform continuity
: uniformly continuous function
: uniform space
4.21. 51

: radiation belt
: partition of unity
: partition of unity
: factorization
: decomposition of map
: factor
4.20.1.
,
,
.
To factor a polynomial means to nd two or more polynomials whose
product is the given polynomial. 
: dierence
c: solve for the c
4.20.2.
c.
Equation may be solved for the c. 
: propagation
: scattering
: scattering from crystal
: algebra bundle
: group bundle
: bered product
: bered correspondence
: consider
4.20.3.
A
B.
Consider correspondence from set A to set B. 
: extension eld
: enhanced
: splittable algebra
: regression
: resonance
: retract
: retraction
: reexive
: solution of dierential equation
: sieve of Eratosthenes
( ): series
: Taylor series

4.21.
: up to notation
52 4.

4.21.1.
-
2.1.
I can repeat, up to notation, proof of theorem 2.1. 
: nest topology
: coarsest topology
: hyperne splitting
: free representation
: connected group
: seismology
: secant
: set of functions
: section
: force
4.21.2.
1935
.
. [Russian.1], . 39
In 1935, Hideki Yukawa proposed a quite dierent eld theory of the
nuclear force.
see [English.1], p. 29, 30

: friction
: symmetric
: symmetry
: simplex
: sine
: synchrotron
: closure system
: reference frame
: system of total dierential
equations
: as small as we please
: ber
: adjacent angle
: mixed system
: proper value
: proper state
2.1: according to theorem 2.1; By Theorem 2,1
4.21.3.
2.1 ABC DBC .
According to theorem 2.1, triangles ABC and DBC equal. 
4.21.4.
2.1, a = b.
By Theorem 2.1, a = b. 
4.21. 53

: congruence
: convention
4.21.5.
,

.
We use the convention that we present any set of vectors of the vector
space as a row. 
: factor
A B: correspondence from A to B
: resistance
: conjugate quaternion
: special relativity
: helical structure
: helicity
: comparable topology
: stationary state
: degree of map
: strictly monotone function; strictly monotonic
function; strongly monotone function; strongly monotonic function
( ): lattice
: structural constants; structure constants
4.21.6.
g - ,
1.54 g - G.
g {v1 , ..., vr },
g.
, ckij , i, j, k =
1, ..., r, g,
,
X
r
[vi , vj ] = ckij vk i, j = 1, ..., r
k=1

. [Russian.4], . 82
Suppose g is any nite-dimensional Lie algebra, so by Theorem 1.54 g
is the Lie algebra of some Lie group G. If we introduce a basis {v1 , ..., vr }
of g, then the Lie bracket of any two basis vectors must again be in g.
Thus there are certain constants ckij , i, j, k = 1, ..., r, called the structure
constants of g such that
X
r
[vi , vj ] = ckij vk i, j = 1, ..., r
k=1

see [English.4], p. 50

54 4.

C: restriction of correspondence
to set C
: relevance
: essential parameters
in a set of functions
: there exist
4.21.7.
N , -
F1 , ..., FN .
There exists a positive integer N such that equations F1 , ..., FN are
compatible. 
: sphere
: spherical triangle
: converge
4.21.8.
F x.
Filter F converges to x. 
: countable set
: counter
: surjection

4.22.
: multiplication table
: tangent
( ): division ring; skew eld
2: tensor of order 2
: eld-strength tensor
: tensor product
: Bells theorem
: mean value theorem
: Zermelo proposition
: graph theory
: scattering theory
, : i
4.22.1.
a = 0 , aji = 0 i, j.
a = 0 i aji = 0 for any i, j. 
: identical particles
: topological space
: topology
: torus
: total space
: point
: point
: cluster point
4.24. 55

: exact sequence of modules


: trajectory
: transitive
: friction
: triangle
U : chart over U
: trivial
: trigonometrical
: trigonometry
: Tunguska Cosmic Body
: obtuse angle
: turbulence

4.23.
: angle
: angle of reection
: angle of incidence
: angle of refraction
: resistivity
: knot
: multiplication
2: multiply by 2
b: multiply by b
: monic polynomial
: ordered set
: ordering
: partial dierential equation
: equation is satised identically
: acceleration
: accelerator
: conditions of integrability

4.24.
: quotient set
: dierence module
: quotient bundle
: factor group; quotient group
: quotient ring
: quotient topology
: physicist
: physics
: physical
: lter
: Finsler metric; Finslerian metric
: photon
: fundamental sequence
: functor
: gluing functions
56 4.

: functional
f x: function f of x
: transition function

4.25.
: chaos

4.26.
: cycle
: cyclic group

4.27.
: partial ordering
: frequency
: parity
: numerator
: real function; real valued function

4.28.
: Euclidean metric
: Euclidean space
: equivalence relation
: extreme line
: extremal; extreme
: eccentricity
: elementary particle
: endomorphism
: energy
: entropy
: Erlanger Program
: hermitian form
: Doppler shift

4.29.
: phenomenon
: phenomena
(): nucleus
(): kernel
: Jacobian
5

Name index

Yakir Aharonov Lewis Carroll


James Waddell Alexander Elie Joseph Cartan
Henri Paul Cartan a
Victor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian Hendrik Casimir
Guido Castelnuovo
Andre-Marie Amp` ere - Augustin Louis Cauchy
Owen Chamberlain
Carl David Anderson Shiing-Shen Chern -
N. A. Chernikov . .
Archimedes Georey Foucar Chew
Emil Artin
Cesare Arzel` a Elwin Bruno Chritoel
Alain Aspect
Michael Atiyah William Cliord
Pierre Victor Auger Paul Moritz Cohn .
Amedeo Avogadro Alain Connes
John Horton Conway
Walter Baade
John C. Baez . Leon Niels Cooper
Stefan Banach Gabriel Cramer
John Bardeen Luigi Cremona
Asim Orhan Barut
Tatyana Baturina Jean Le Rond dAlembert
John Stewart Bell
Felix Alexandrovich Berezin Leonardo da Vinci
Louis de Broglie
Peter Gabriel Bergmann . . Rene Descartes
Jacob Bernoulli James Dewar
George Birkho Bryce S. DeWitt .
Nikolai Bogoliubov Jean Alexandre Eug`
ene Dieudonn e
David Joseph Bohm
Niels Bohr Paul Dirac
Ludwig Boltzmann Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
Bernhard Bolzano
F
elix Borel
Max Born Christian Doppler
Satyendra Nath Bose Frank Watson Dyson
Raoul Bott
Nicolas Bourbaki Freeman John Dyson

Eugenio Calabi
Georg Cantor Arthur Stanley Eddington
Constantin Caratheodory
Werner Ehrenberg
Sadi Carnot Paul Ehrenfest

57
58 Name index

Samuel Eilenberg Felix Hausdor


Albert Einstein S. W. Hawking . .
Luther Pfahler Eisenhart . . Friedrich W. Hehl
Werner Heisenberg
Lev Elsgolts . . Heinrich Rudolf Hertz
Federigo Enriques
Euclid Victor Franz Hess
Leonhard Euler Antony Hewish
David Hilbert
Carl Faith Heinz Hopf
Michael Faraday Edwin Hubble
Pierre Fermat Adolf Hurwitz
Enrico Fermi
Richard Feynman Leopold Infeld
Grigorii Mikhailovich Fikhtengolts Dmitri Iwanenko

Sergei Pavlovich Finikov
Carl Jacobi
Paul Finsler Nathan Jacobson
Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau Pascual Jordan
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
John Ambrose Fleming -
Pyotr Kapitsa
Sergei Vasilevich Fomin Max Karoubi
Johann Kepler
James Forbes Roy Patrick Kerr
Joseph Fourier Gustav Robert Kirchho
Maurice Ren e Frechet
George Francis Felix Klein
Benjamin Franklin Oskar Klein
Shoshichi Kobayashi .
Alexander Friedmann Andrei Nikolaevich Kolmogorov

Rene Eug`ene Gateaux Robert Kraichnan
Galileo Galilei Leopold Kronecker
Galois Martin Kruskal
Carl Friedrich Gauss Kazimierz Kuratowski

Israel Moiseevich Gelfand Guillaume Francois de LH
opital

Murray Gell-Mann - Joseph Louis Lagrange
Josiah Willard Gibbs
Lev Landau
Marvin Leonard Goldberger Serge Lang
Pierre-Simon Laplace -
Walter Gordon

Samuel Abraham Goudsmit
Henri Lebesgue

Joel Lebowitz
Hermann G unther Grassmann
Leon Max Lederman


Marcel Grossman
Adrien-Marie Legendre
A Grothendieck

Jacques Hadamard Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Georg Karl Wilhelm Hamel
Joseph Lense
William Rowan Hamilton Andre Lichnerowicz
Andrei Linde
Name index 59

Joseph Liouville Bernhard Riemann


Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky Ole Christensen Roemer

Hendrik Antoon Lorentz Michel Rolle
Marshall Nicholas Rosenbluth
Edward Norton Lorenz
Carlo Rovelli
Hanno Rund
James Clerk Maxwell Karl David Tolme Runge

Lise Meitner Bertrand Russell
Robert Millikan Ernest Rutherford
John Willard Milnor
Edwin Ernest Salpeter
Hermann Minkowski
Schmidt
Charles W. Misner Erwin Schr odinger
Eliakim Hastings Moore John Schrieer
Jacob Schwartz .
Holger Mueller Karl Schwarzschild
Julian Schwinger
Newton Corrado Segre
John von Neyman Jean-Pierre Serre
Emmy Noether Waclaw Sierpinski
Katsumi Nomizu . James Harris Simons
Yuri Obukhov
William of Ockham Dmitriy Skobeltsin
Peter Olver Lee Smolin
Robert Oppenheimer Arnold Sommerfeld

Norman Steenrod
Moritz Pasch Paul Steinhardt
Blaise Paskal Shlomo Sternberg
Wolfgang Pauli Eduard Stiefel
Giuseppe Peano Thomas Joannes Stieltjes
James Peebles
Julius Pl
ucker James Stirling
Max Planck George Gabriel Stokes
Jules Henri Poincar
e
Eduard Study
Simeon-Denis Poisson - Jacques Charles Fracois Sturm

George Polya Anthony Sudbery
Isaac Pomeranchuk Leonard Susskind
Leo Szilard
Jean-Francois Pommaret -
Alfred Tarski

Hans Thirring
Lev Semenovich Pontryagin
Walter Thirring

George Paget Thomson
Cecil Frank Powell

Ryszard Ra.czka Kip S. Thorne
Isidor Isaac Rabi Richard Tolman
Martin Rees
Kurt Werner Friedrich Reidemeister George Eugene Uhlenbeck

William Reynolds James Van Allen
Gregorio Ricci Alex Vilenkin
60 Name index

Valerii Vinokur
Max von Laue

Wilhelm Eduard Weber



Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass

Andre Weil
Steven Weinberg
Hermann Weyl
John Archibald Wheeler

Alfred North Whitehead

Hassler Whitney
Eugene Wigner
Frank Wilczek
Robert Wilson

Chen Ning Yang


Shing-Tung Yau -
Hideki Yukawa

Oscar Zariski
Yakov Borisovich Zeldovich

Ernst Friedrich Ferdinand Zermelo

6

Yakir Aharonov Wilhelm


Amedeo Avogadro Eduard Weber
Jacques Hadamard
James Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass
Waddell Alexander Andr e Weil
Hermann Weyl
Victor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian Eugene Wigner
- Andr e-Marie Alex Vilenkin
Amp` ere Frank Wilczek
Carl David Robert Wilson
Anderson Valerii Vinokur
Emil Artin
Archimedes Galileo Galilei
Cesare Arzel`a Galois
Alain Aspect Georg
Michael Atiyah Karl Wilhelm Hamel
William
Walter Baade Rowan Hamilton
. John C. Baez Ren e Eug`
ene Gateaux
Stefan Banach Samuel
John Bardeen Abraham Goudsmit
Asim Orhan Barut Carl Friedrich Gauss
Tatyana Baturina Werner Heisenberg
John Stewart Bell - Murray Gell-Mann
Benjamin Israel
Franklin Moiseevich Gelfand
. . Peter Gabriel Bergmann Heinrich Rudolf
Felix Hertz
Alexandrovich Berezin Victor Franz Hess
Jacob Bernoulli Josiah Willard
George Birkho Gibbs
Nikolai Bogoliubov David Hilbert
Satyendra Nath Bose Marvin
Bernhard Bolzano Leonard Goldberger
Ludwig Boltzmann Walter Gordon
David Joseph Bohm Hermann
Niels Bohr Gunther Grassmann
F elix Borel Marcel Grossman
Max Born A Grothendieck
Raoul Bott Adolf Hurwitz
Nicolas Bourbaki
Jean Le Rond
Steven Weinberg dAlembert
James Van Allen Leonardo da Vinci

61
62

Frank Watson Elwin


Dyson Bruno Chritoel
Freeman John Leopold Kronecker
Dyson Martin Kruskal
Louis de Broglie Leon Niels Cooper
. Bryce S. DeWitt Kazimierz
Ren e Descartes Kuratowski
Nathan Jacobson Lewis Carroll
Paul Dirac

Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet Guillaume Francois de LH
opital
Christian Doppler Joseph Louis
Jean Lagrange
Alexandre Eug`ene Dieudonne Lev Landau
James Dewar - Pierre-Simon
Laplace
Oscar Zariski Henri Lebesgue
Yakov Leon Max
Borisovich Zeldovich Lederman
Arnold Adrien-Marie
Sommerfeld Legendre
Gottfried
Dmitri Wilhelm Leibniz
Iwanenko Joel Lebowitz
Leopold Infeld Serge Lang
Pascual Jordan Joseph Lense
Hendrik Casimir Andrei Linde
Eugenio Calabi Joseph Liouville
- Heike Andre Lichnerowicz
Kamerlingh Onnes
Georg Cantor Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky
Pyotr Kapitsa Hendrik Antoon
Constantin Lorentz
Caratheodory Edward Norton
Sadi Carnot Lorenz
a Henri Paul Cartan James Clerk
Elie Joseph Cartan Maxwell
Max Karoubi Lise Meitner
Guido Castelnuovo Charles W. Misner
Johann Kepler Robert Millikan
Roy Patrick Kerr John Willard
Gustav Robert Milnor
Kirchho Hermann
Oskar Klein Minkowski
Felix Klein Eliakim Hastings
William Cliord Moore
. Shoshichi Kobayashi Holger Mueller

Andrei Nikolaevich Kolmogorov John von Neyman
. Paul Moritz Cohn Emmy Noether
John Horton . Katsumi Nomizu
Conway Newton
Alain Connes
Augustin Louis Cauchy Yuri Obukhov
Robert Kraichnan Pierre Victor Auger
Gabriel Cramer William of Ockham
Luigi Cremona Peter Olver
63

Robert Norman Steenrod


Oppenheimer James Stirling
George Gabriel
Blaise Paskal Stokes
Wolfgang Pauli Leo Szilard
Cecil Frank Powell
Moritz Pasch Alfred Tarski
Giuseppe Peano Walter Thirring
James Peebles Hans Thirring
Max Planck Richard Tolman
Julius Pl ucker George Paget
George Polya Thomson
Isaac Kip S. Thorne
Pomeranchuk
- Jean-Francois Alfred North
Pommaret Whitehead
Lev John Archibald
Semenovich Pontryagin Wheeler
Jules Henri Hassler Whitney
Poincare George
- Sim eon-Denis Eugene Uhlenbeck
Poisson Michael Faraday
Isidor Isaac Rabi Richard Feynman
Bertrand Russell Carl Faith
Ernest Rutherford Pierre Fermat
Enrico Fermi
Kurt Werner Friedrich Reidemeister Armand-
William Reynolds Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau
Ole Christensen Sergei
Roemer Pavlovich Finikov
Bernhard Riemann Paul Finsler
Martin Rees
Gregorio Ricci Grigorii Mikhailovich Fikhtengolts
Carlo Rovelli John Ambrose
Marshall Fleming
Nicholas Rosenbluth Sergei
Michel Rolle Vasilevich Fomin
Ryszard Ra.czka Max von Laue
Karl David James Forbes
Tolme Runge George Francis
Hanno Rund Maurice Ren e Frechet
Alexander
Anthony Sudbery Friedmann
Edwin Ernest Joseph Fourier
Salpeter
Leonard Susskind Edwin Hubble
Corrado Segre Felix Hausdor
Waclaw Sierpinski Friedrich W. Hehl
Jean-Pierre Serre . . S. W. Hawking
James Harris Heinz Hopf
Simons Antony Hewish
Dmitriy
Skobeltsin Ernst Friedrich Ferdinand Zermelo
Lee Smolin
Eduard Study Owen Chamberlain
Shlomo Sternberg - Shiing-Shen Chern
Thomas . . N. A. Chernikov
Joannes Stieltjes
64

Georey Foucar
Chew

. Jacob Schwartz
Karl Schwarzschild
Julian Schwinger
Schmidt
Erwin Schrodinger
John Schrieer
Paul Steinhardt
Eduard Stiefel
Jacques
Charles Fracois Sturm

Euclid
Arthur
Stanley Eddington
. . Luther Pfahler
Eisenhart
Samuel Eilenberg
Leonhard Euler
Albert Einstein
. . Lev Elsgolts
Federigo Enriques
Werner Ehrenberg
Paul Ehrenfest

Hideki Yukawa

Carl Jacobi
Chen Ning Yang
- Shing-Tung Yau
7

[English.1] Steven Weinberg. The Quantum Theory of Fields. Volume I. Foundations.


Cambridge university press, 1995
[English.2] Serge Lang, Algebra, Springer, 2002
[English.3] Lev V. Sabinin, Smooth Quasigroups and Loops, Kluwer Academic Publisher,
1999
[English.4] Peter J. Olver, Applications of Lie groups to dierential equations,
Springer, 2000
[English.5] V. I. Smirnov, A Course of Higher Mathematics, volume I.
Translated by D. E. Brown.
Translation, edited and additions made by I. N. Sneddon.
Pergamon Press, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1964
[English.6] N. Bourbaki, Topological Vector Spaces, Chapters 1 - 5, Transl. by H. G.
Eggleston & S. Madan, Springer, 2003
[English.7] N. Bourbaki, Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, Chapters 4 - 6, Translator
Andrew Pressley, Springer, 2002
[English.8] N. Bourbaki, Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, Chapters 7 - 9, Translator
Andrew Pressley, Springer, 2005
[English.9] Eisenhart, Continuous Groups of Transformations, Dover Publications,
New York, 1961
[English.10] Edward Uhler Condon, Halis Odabasi, Atomic Structure, CUP Archive,
1980

65
8

[Russian.1] . . 1. .
. . . . ,
., - , 2001
[Russian.2] , , . , 1968
[Russian.3] . . , , ( 1969 - 70 ), .,
, 1970
[Russian.4] . , ,
. , 1989
[Russian.5] . . , , .
., , 1974
[Russian.6] . , , -
. . , . , 1959
[Russian.7] . , , 4 - 6, -
. . . . . . ,
. , 1986
[Russian.8] . , , -
, . . . .
, . , 1986
[Russian.9] . . , , -
. . , . , 1947

67

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