Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 20

4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

Home DARADMINISTRATIVEORDER
Preface
NO.0309

CARL(R.A.6657,as
amended)andRelated
Laws October 15,
HistoryandEvolutionof 2009July1,
MajorAgrarianReform 2009
Laws

Issuances

PhilippineConstitution

Laws,Statutesand DARADMINISTRATIVEORDERNO.
PresidentialIssuances 0309
SupremeCourt
DecisionsandIssuances
SUBJECT:Rulesand
CourtofAppeals Procedures
Decisions Governingthe
ImplementingRulesand Cancellationof
Regulations Registered
IssuancesfromOther CertificatesofLand
GovernmentAgencies OwnershipAwards
(CLOAs),
Handbooksand
Publications Emancipation
Patents(EPs),and
ArticlesandJournals
OtherTitlesIssued
FormsandTemplates UnderAnyAgrarian
LectureMaterials
ReformProgram

Login

PrefatoryStatement
http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 1/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

Republic Act (RA) No. 6657, as


amended by RA No. 9700, Executive
Order(EO)No.229,PresidentialDecree
(PD) No. 27, EO No. 228 and RA No.
3844, as amended by RA No. 6389
prescribesthemannerofacquisition,re
distribution and award of agricultural
lands to qualified farmerbeneficiaries.
The awards of land to qualified
beneficiaries are evidenced by titles,
such as Emancipation Patents (EPs),
Certificates of Land Ownership Award
(CLOAs)andothertitles. ScAaHE

The titles generated and


distributed pursuant to the agrarian
reform program form an integral part of
the property registration and enjoy the
same respect accorded to other modes
ofacquiringtitletolands.
However, taking into account the
detailed procedure in the generation of
these titles, flaws and issues may arise
resulting to the erroneous issuance of
the defined titles. As a consequence,
titlesofthisnatureshallbecancelledbut
only on grounds discussed and in
accordance with the manner prescribed
hereunder, strictly observing the
provisions of PD 1529 providing that
certificatesoftitleshallnotbesubjectto
collateral attack, and the same can be
altered, modified or cancelled only
throughadirectproceeding.
Pursuant to Section 9, fourth
paragraph of RA No. 9700, the
cancellation of the registered EPs,
CLOAsandothertitlesissuedunderany
agrarian reform program are within the
exclusive and original jurisdiction of the
SecretaryofDAR.
ARTICLEI
GeneralProvisions
http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 2/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

SECTION1.Coverage.
These rules and procedures shall apply
to all cases involving the cancellation of
registered Certificate of Land Ownership
Award (CLOAs) Emancipation Patents
(EPs), and other titles issued by DAR
underanyagrarianreformprogram.
SECTION2.Statement of
Policies. The cancellation of CLOAs,
EPs and other titles issued by DAR
pursuanttoagrarianreformlawsshallbe
governedbythefollowingpolicies:
(a)TheStaterecognizes
theindefeasibilityofCLOAs,
EPsandothertitlesissued
underanyagrarianreform
program. ITSCED

(b)TheStaterecognizes
thatCLOAs,EPsandother
titleserroneouslyissueddo
notattainindefeasibility.
(c)Cancellationof
registeredCLOAs,EPsand
othertitlesissuedunderany
agrarianreformprogram
shallbestrictlyregulated
andmaybeallowedonlyin
themannerandconditions
prescribedhereunder.
SECTION3. Definitionof
Terms. As used in this Administrative
Order,thetermsenumeratedaredefined
asfollows:
(a)Cancellation
referstotheprocessof
cancellingtheCLOA,EPor
othertitles.Itdoesnot
includecorrectionofentries
intheCLOA,EPorother
titlesissuedunderany
agrarianreformprogram.

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 3/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

(b)CaseControl
Numberreferstothe
numberassignedbythe
RegionalOfficetothe
petitionforcancellation
receivedformonitoring
purposesanddetermination
ofcasefoldersactually
transmittedbytheRegional
OfficetotheOfficeofthe
Secretary.TheCaseControl
Numbershallbeseparate
anddistinctfromthedocket
numbersassignedtoALI
cases.Everycasefolder
completedandtransmitted
shallbedeemedanoutput
oftheRegionalOfficefor
accomplishmentpurposes.
(c)CauseofActionis
thefactorcombinationof
factswhichaffordsapartya
righttojudicialinterference
inhisbehalf.
(d)Commentrefersto
theresponseofthe
respondentbyeither
admittingordenyingthe
allegationsinthepetition
andsupportedbyhis
affidavitordocumentary
evidences.
(e)FinalOrderor
Resolutionisonethat
disposesofthesubject
matterinitsentiretyor
terminatesaparticular
proceedingoraction,
leavingnothingelsetobe
donebuttoenforceby
executionwhathasbeen
determinedbythecourt,

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 4/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

quasijudicialbodyor
tribunal. SacTAC

(f)ExclusiveJurisdiction
itisthepowerto
adjudicateacasetothe
exclusionofallothercourts,
bodiesortribunals.
(g)FormalOfferof
DocumentaryExhibits
strictlyincludestheofferof
markedexhibits.
(h)IndispensableParty
isapartyininterest
withoutwhomnofinal
determinationcanbehadof
anactionandwhoshallbe
joinedeitheraspetitioneror
defendant.Theabsenceof
anindispensableparty
rendersallsubsequent
actionsofthecourt,quasi
judicialbodyortribunalnull
andvoidforwantof
authoritytoact,notonlyas
theabsentpartiesbutalso
tothosepresent.
(i)Investigation
Proceedingisthe
processofvalidatingthe
allegationsinthepetition
andthecomment.
(j)Markingof
DocumentaryExhibitsthe
processofidentifyingthe
documentinsupportofthe
petitionorcomment.
(k)OriginalJurisdiction
thatconferredon,or
inherentinacourtorbody,
inthefirstinstance.

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 5/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

(l)QuasiJudicialPower
isatermwhichappliesto
theaction,discretion,etc.of
publicadministrativeofficers
orbodies,whoarerequired
toinvestigatefacts,or
ascertaintheexistenceof
facts,holdhearings,and
drawconclusionsfromthem,
asabasisfortheirofficial
actionandtoexercise
discretionofajudicial
power. aTcIAS

(m)RegionalOffice
referstoOfficeofthe
RegionalDirectororOffice
oftheRegionalLegal
Division.
ARTICLEII
CauseofAction
SECTION 4. Causes of
Action. No petition for cancellation
shall be filed unless it has been
determined and ruled with finality by the
DARSecretaryortheCourtsthat:
(a)Thelandsubject
matteroftheCLOA,EPor
othertitleunderagrarian
reformprogramisfoundto
be:
1.Theretention
areaofthelandowner
2.Excludedfrom
thecoverageof
CARP,PDNo.27or
otheragrarianreform
program
3.Exempted
fromthecoverageof
CARP,PDNo.27or

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 6/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

otheragrarianreform
program
4.Outsideofthe
authorityoftheDAR
todisposeandaward,
asthesamefalls
withintheauthorityof
theDENRto
distribute
5.Consistinthe
erroneousissuanceof
thesaidtitleresulting
fromthedefector
lackingin
documentation(DNYP
orDNYDgenerated
titlesbutnotyet
distributed).
(b)TheCLOAorEP
holderisfoundtohave:
1.Misusedor
divertedthefinancial
andsupportservices
2.Misusedthe
land
3.Materially
misrepresentedhis
basicqualificationsas
agrarianreform
beneficiaryIaTSED

4.Illegally
convertedintoother
usestheawardedthe
land
5.Sold,
transferred,conveyed
theawardedlandto
otherperson
6.Defaultedin
thepaymentof
obligationforthree(3)
http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 7/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

consecutiveyearsin
thecaseofVoluntary
LandTransfer/Direct
PaymentScheme
7.Failedtopay
theamortizationforat
leastthree(3)annual
amortizations
8.Neglectedor
abandonedthe
awardedlandand
9.Circumvented
thelawsrelatedtothe
implementationofthe
agrarianreform
program. CaASIc

ARTICLEIII
Procedures
SECTION5.WhoMayFile
the Petition for Cancellation. The
verified petition for cancellation shall be
filedbyanyofthefollowingpersons:
(a)Ownersofprivate
agriculturallandswhowere
grantedretention
(b)Ownersofprivate
agriculturallandswhose
landshadbeendeclaredas
exemptedorexcludedfrom
thecoverageofRANo.
6657,asamended,andPD
No.27
(c)Qualifiedfarmer
beneficiarieswhohavebeen
determinedaslegally
entitledinthegeneratedand
issuedCLOA
(d)Reallocateesand
transfereesoftheawarded
landor

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 8/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

(e)ProvincialAgrarian
ReformOfficer(PARO)in
hisofficialcapacityforthe
purposeofcorrecting
erroneouslyissuedCLOAs
orEPswhichareregistered
butnotyetdistributed.
SECTION6.Documentary
Requirements. In support of the
verified petition for cancellation, the
petitioner shall also submit in duplicate
thefollowingofficialdocuments:
(a)Certifiedtruecopyof
thefinalandexecutory
OrderandResolution
(b)CertificateofFinality
(c)Owner'sduplicate
copyorcertifiedphotocopy
bytheRegisterofDeedsof
theCLOAorEPorothertitle
soughttobecancelled DAHEaT

(d)Officialreceipt
showingproofofpaymentof
filingfeeand
(e)Anyotherlegal
documentsthatmaysupport
thepetitionforcancellation.
SECTION7.WheretoFile
the Petition for Cancellation. The
verifiedpetitionforcancellation,together
withthedocumentaryrequirements,shall
be filed with the Regional Office of the
place where the land covered by the
CLOA,EPorothertitleislocated.
SECTION8.FilingFees.
AfilingfeeofP1,000.00shallbepaidby
thepetitionertotheDARcashier,except
if the petitioner is the government or its
official or employee in the exercise of
theirofficialfunction.

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 9/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

SECTION9.Assignmentof
CaseControlNumber.Uponreceiptof
the verified petition, the Regional Office
shall assign a Case Control Number to
the petition received for monitoring
purposes.
SECTION10.Issuances of
Notice. The Regional Office shall, as
much as possible within five (5) days
fromreceiptoftheverifiedpetition,issue
aNoticetoCommentattachingtherewith
copy of the petition and attachments or
annexes, and expressly requiring the
respondent/s to controvert the
allegations of the petition by filing a
Commentinwriting.
SECTION 11. Services of
Notice. The Notice to Comment
together with the petition and
attachmentsshallbeservedbypersonal
serviceorbyregisteredmail.
SECTION 12. Comment
Required. The respondent/s must file
aswornCommenttothepetition.
SECTION13. Time to File
Comment Not Extendible. The
respondent/s must file the Comment
within a period of fifteen (15) calendar
days from receipt of Notice. The time to
fileCommentshallnotbeextended.
SECTION 14. Conduct of
Investigation Proceedings. The
Regional Office shall, as much as
possiblewithinten(10)daysfromreceipt
of the Comment, proceed to conduct an
investigation proceeding aimed at
evaluating the allegations in the petition
and comment filed and validating the
official documents attached in the
petition. The conduct of investigation
proceedingsshallincludethefollowing:

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 10/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

(a)Submissionof
Memorandum.The
RegionalOfficeshallrequire
thepartiestosubmittheir
respectivememorandum
withinfifteen(15)daysfrom
notice.
(b)Markingof
DocumentaryExhibits.
TheRegionalOfficeshall
callthepartiesinameeting
tomarktheirdocumentary
exhibits.
(c)FormalOfferof
MarkedDocumentary
Exhibits.Themarked
documentaryexhibitsshall
beformallyofferedwithin
five(5)daysfrommarking.
TcDIaA

SECTION15.Investigation
Report. Upon termination of the
conductofinvestigationproceedings,the
Regional Office shall, as much as
possible within five (5) days, prepare an
InvestigationReportreflectingthereinthe
proceedingsconducted.
SECTION16. CaseFolder
Build Up. In addition to the
InvestigationReport,theRegionalOffice
isalsochargedtopreparecompletelythe
casefolder,ensuringthatthesameshall
containthefollowing:
(a)Verifiedpetition
(b)Verifiedcomment
(c)Certifiedcopyoffinal
andexecutoryorderand
resolution
(d)Certifiedcopyof
orderoffinality

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 11/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

(e)Certifiedtruecopyof
EPorCLOAorothertitle
(f)Memorandum
(g)Markeddocumentary
exhibits
(h)InvestigationReport
(i)Minutesof
InvestigationProceedings
and
(j)Others.
SECTION 17.
Pagenating/Indexing of Case Records.
The Regional Office, prior to the
forwarding of the case folder, shall
undertake to sequentially number all the
pages contained in the case folder. A
TableofContentsshallbepreparedand
attachedinthecasefolder.
SECTION18.Transmittalof
Case Folder to OSEC. The Regional
Office shall prepare a Transmittal Letter
accompanying the case folder
particularly stating therein the parties
involved and the number of pages
contained by each of the case folder.
Thereafter, the Regional Office shall
forward the case folder to the Office of
the Secretary (OSEC) as much as
possiblewithinfifteen(15)daysfromthe
lastsubmissionofMemorandum. cEaCTS

SECTION19.Docketingof
Case. Upon receipt of the Case
Folder, the OSEC shall assign for each
case a docket number to fully account
the actual number of case folders and
thedatethesamewasreceived.Forthis
purpose, the OSEC shall maintain a
Docket Book containing the docket
numbers assigned for each case, the
details of the petition, and the date the
casefolderwasreceived.
http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 12/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

SECTION 20. Referral of


Case to Usec LAO. After the case
folder has been docketed, the Office of
theSecretaryshall,asmuchaspossible
withinfive(5)daysfromdocketing,refer
the case folder to the Undersecretary
(Usec)forLegalAffairsOffice(LAO).
SECTION 21. Review
Proceedings.TheUsecLAO,asmuch
as possible within thirty (30) days from
receiptofthecasefoldershallreviewthe
casefolderandconfirmtheallegationsin
the Petition and Comment, validate the
documentary evidences formally offered
and comprehensively review the case
folderpreparedbytheRegionalOffice.
SECTION22.Findings and
Recommendation.TheUsecLAO,as
much as possible within five (5) days
from the termination of the review
proceedings shall prepare his findings
andrecommendation.
SECTION23.Transmittalof
Case Folder with Findings and
Recommendation to the Secretary.
The Usec LAO shall, as much as
possible within five (5) days from
completion of recommendation shall
transmitthecasefoldertogetherwiththe
findings and recommendation to the
Secretary.
SECTION 24. Conduct of
Hearing. The Secretary, when he
deemed needed, shall conduct hearing
of the case and receive evidences in
addition to those formally offered at the
Regional Office. For this purpose, the
Office of the Secretary is mandated to
keepanofficialrecordoftheproceedings
conducted and the same shall form part
ofthecasefolder.

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 13/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

SECTION25. Decision.
The Secretary, after having been
satisfied that both parties have fully
substantiated their respective causes of
action and defenses, shall render a
decisionbyissuinganOrder.
SECTION 26. Release of
Decision. The Office of the Secretary
shall release copy of the decision to the
parties and their counsel by registered
mail.
SECTION 27. Immediate
Relief.Oninstanceswhereanyofthe
parties committed acts inimical to the
interest of the farmerbeneficiary during
the pendency of the case, upon motion
duly supported by affidavit of merit, a
Temporary Restraining Order or Status
Quo Order may be issued by the
Secretary. The Temporary Restraining
Ordershallbevalidfortwenty(20)days
fromreceiptofnotice. IcCEDA

ARTICLEIV
GroundsforDismissal
SECTION28. Dismissalof
Petition. The petition for cancellation
maybedeniedonthefollowinggrounds:
(a)Nonpresentationof
theoriginalcopyofCLOA,
EP,orothertitlesoughtto
becancelled
(b)Nonsubmissionof
theofficialdocuments
referredtounderSection6
hereof
(c)Failuretoprove
causeofactionor
(d)Failuretopaydocket
fees.
ARTICLEV

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 14/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

MotionforReconsideration
SECTION 29. Motion for
Reconsideration.Apartymayfileone
(1)motionforreconsiderationofthefinal
Order and may do so within a period of
fifteen(15)calendardaysfromreceiptof
thechallengedfinalorder.Thependency
of the motion for reconsideration shall
stay the execution of the challenged
order.
SECTION30.Comment on
Motion for Reconsideration. The
OSEC shall, as much as possible within
ten (10) days from receipt of the motion
for reconsideration, issue an Order
requiring the other party to comment on
the motion filed. The said party shall be
givenanonextendibleperiodoften(10)
daysfromreceiptoftheOrdertofilethe
requiredComment.
SECTION31.Evaluation of
MeritsoftheMotion.TheOSECshall
refertheMotionforReconsiderationand
the Comment to the Usec LAO for
evaluation. The Usec LAO shall, after
determinationofthemeritsoftheMotion
for Reconsideration and Comment,
submit to the Secretary his findings and
recommendation. aDHCAE

SECTION32.Resolution of
the Motion for Reconsideration. The
Secretary, after an independent
appreciation of the issues raised in the
Motion for Reconsideration and the
opposition averred in the Comment
including the findings and
recommendation of the Usec LAO, shall
resolve the motion by issuing a
Resolution.
ARTICLEVI
Appeal

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 15/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

SECTION 33. Who May


Appeal. Only the aggrieved party or
his successorininterest may appeal the
final Order or Resolution within fifteen
(15)calendardaysfromreceiptofnotice
ofthechallengedOrderorResolution.
SECTION 34. When to
Appeal. The appellant(s) may appeal
by filing of Notice of Appeal within a
periodoffifteen(15)daysfromreceiptof
thenoticeofdecisionordenialofmotion
forreconsideration.
SECTION35.WheretoFile
anAppeal.TheNoticeofAppealshall
be filed with the Office of the Secretary
or directly with the Office of the
President,furnishingcopiesthereoftoall
adverse parties, together with payment
oftherequisiteappealfeestothecashier
of either the DAR or Office of the
President.
SECTION36.Perfection of
Appeal.Theappealisperfectedupon
filing of the Notice of Appeal and upon
payment of appeal docket fee within the
reglementaryperiodtoappeal.
SECTION 37. Judicial
Appeal. In case where the appellant
opts to elevate his appeal directly to a
judicial forum, the governing procedure
shall be the pertinent provisions of the
RulesofCourt.
ARTICLEVII
PowersoftheSecretary
SECTION38.Powersofthe
Secretary. The Secretary shall have
the power to summon witnesses,
administeroaths,taketestimony,require
submission of reports, compel the
production of books and documents and
answers to interrogatories and issue

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 16/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

subpoena, and subpoena duces tecum


and to enforce its writs through sheriffs
or other duly deputized officers. The
Secretary shall likewise have the power
topunishdirectandindirectcontemptsin
accordance with Section 50 of RA No.
6657,asamended. IcaHCS

ARTICLEVIII
FinalityandExecution
SECTION 39. Finality.
Order and/or Resolution shall become
final and executory after all parties have
receivedanofficialcopythereofafterthe
lapse of fifteen (15) calendar days from
thedateofreceiptofthelastrecipientof
an official copy thereof and there is no
motion for reconsideration nor appeal
therefrom.
SECTION 40. Order of
Finality. As much as possible within
fifteen(15)daysfromthedateoffinality
of the Order or Resolution, the Office of
the Secretary shall issue a Certificate of
Finality.
SECTION41.Execution.
Execution shall issue automatically as a
matterofcourseuponfinalityoftheorder
orresolution.TheOfficeoftheSecretary,
after the issuance of Certificate of
Finality, may, upon motion or motu
propio, issue a Writ of Implementation
directingtheRegistryofDeedstocancel
the CLOA, EP or other titles issued by
DAR pursuant to agrarian reform
program.
ARTICLEIX
FinalProvisions
SECTION42.CaseRecords
arePublicDocuments. Subject to the
provisionsofDARMemorandumCircular

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 17/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

No.25,Seriesof1995,recordsofacase
arepublicdocuments.
SECTION43.Confidentiality
of Information. Subject to the
provisionsofDARMemorandumCircular
No. 10, Series of 2007, confidential
informationshallnotbedisclosed.
SECTION 44. Transitory
Provision. This Administrative Order
shall govern all cases for cancellation of
registered CLOAs, EPs and other titles
issued under any agrarian reform
programfiledonorafteritseffectivity.
Except those deemed submitted
for resolution, all cases involving the
cancellation of registered CLOAs, EPs
and other titles issued under any
agrarian reform program which are
pending with the DARAB Board or
Adjudicator on June 30, 2009 shall be
referredtotheOfficeoftheSecretaryas
much as possible within thirty (30) days
upon effectivity of this Administrative
Order.
SECTION 45. Repealing
Clause. This Administrative Order
modifies or repeals all orders, circulars,
rules and regulations and all other
issuances or portions thereof that are
inconsistentherewith.
SECTION 46. Separability
Clause. Any judicial pronouncement
declaring as unconstitutional any
provision of this Administrative Order
shall not affect the validity of the other
provisionsnotaffectedthereby. aTEADI

SECTION47.Effectivity.
This Administrative Order shall take
effect on 01 July 2009 and shall be
published in at least two (2) national
newspapers of general circulation,
pursuanttoSection31ofRANo.9700.
http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 18/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

Diliman, Quezon City, October 15,


2009.

(SGD.)
NASSER
C.
PANGANDAMAN
Secretary
Published in The Manila Bulletin
andManilaTimesonOctober21,2009.

ATTACHMENT
RepublicofthePhilippines
DepartmentofAgrarianReform
Certification
This is to certify that Administrative
OrderNo.3,Seriesof2009entitled"RULES
AND PROCEDURES GOVERNING THE
CANCELLATION OF REGISTERED
CERTIFICATES OF LAND OWNERSHIP
AWARDS (CLOAs), EMANCIPATION
PATENTS (EPs) AND OTHER TITLES
ISSUED UNDER ANY AGRARIAN
REFORM PROGRAM" is published today,
Wednesday, 21 October 2009 at Manila
BulletinandManilaTimesnewspapers.
Issuedthis21stdayofOctober2009
forwhateverpurposeitmayserve.
(SGD.)
HUGO
D.
YONZON
III
Public
Affairs
Staff
Director

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 19/20
4/21/2017 DepartmentofAgrarianReform

HELPCENTER CONTACT Copyright


HowtoUsetheERCLegal
INFORMATION Information
InformationArchive DepartmentofAgrarianReform Allmaterialcontainedin
EllipticalRoad,Diliman thissiteiscopyrightedby
QuezonCity,Philippines theDepartmentof
AgrarianReformunless
Tel.No.:(632)9287031to
otherwisespecified.For
39
thepurposesofthis
demo,informationare
intendedtoshowa
representativeexampleof
alivesite.Allimagesand
materialsarethe
copyrightoftheir
respectiveowners.

http://www.lis.dar.gov.ph/documents/142 20/20