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2013 International Conference on Management Science & Engineering (20th)

July 17-19, 2013 Harbin, P.R.China

Systematic Layout Planning: A Study on Coal Mine Facilities


LI HuiQU Shi-you
School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, P.R.China, 150001

Abstract: With information age approaching, for the algorithm so as to improve SLPs stability and
fierce competition between enterprises, the large-scale application[4]. Mujing-Ye, Gengui-Zhou (2005)
machinery plants, such as the coal mine, begin to apply introduced genetic algorithm and avoided SLPs
the scientific and lean management with modern subjectivity and handwork complex[5]. Yang(2000)
technology. The sound layout is instrumental in evaluated the multiple SLP schemes with AHP method[6].
controlling cost and increasing efficiency, so the Jianhua-Yang, Pengli-Jing, and Yongqing-Yang (2009)
managers think highly of the ground and transportation brought forward the enterprise logistics redesign method
system layout of coal mine, as has become a newer based on the combination of SLP and SHA[7].
research field. The coal mine, with the designed output Qiuping-Wang, Tingting-Liu, and Qizhang(2012)
of 900 thousand tons per year, is located in a mountain combined ordered sample clustering method to SLP. In
area, and because of the complex terrain and limited view of the fact A-U dividing level determined by the
space, it is significant to layout the coal mine properly. experienced proportion is always subjective, ambiguous
This article analyzes the characteristics of the coal mine and uncertainty, the ordered sample clustering method
in Shanxi province, China, with Systematic Layout was applied to dividing the intensity level of logistics[8].
Planning (SLP), to project the optimal layout pattern. In summary, researchers have applied SLP in so many
First the coal mine is divided into some related fields, but few in coal mine industry, and because of the
operational departments, and their relationship among complex terrain and the limited space, it is significant to
departments is evaluated after the analysis of work flow, layout the coal mine properly. According to the statistics,
logistics and non-logistics, so the comprehensive in the developed countries 1/4 of the production facilities
closeness of each department can be qualified. Then the needs the re-layout, while in our country, enterprises pay
departments are arranged according to the closeness rank more attention to the outside logistics and less to the
calculated. Finally, the optimized layout plan is obtained inside logistics. In this article, we analyze the
according to on-site fieldwork. The finding contributes to characteristics of the coal mine in Shanxi, as an example
the coal mine with limited space. of the underground mining enterprises, with SLP, to
Keywords: coal mine, ground layout, logistics, SLP project the optimal layout pattern.

1 Introduction 2 Methodology
With information times coming, for the fierce 2.1 Research method
competition between enterprises, the big machinery SLP combines the analysis of logistics and
plants, such as the coal mines, begin to apply the department relationship to search for the proper layout,
scientific and lean management with modern technology. which fits not only to the different scale and kind of
For example, the reasonable layout is helpful to control plants when newly-building, expanding and
the cost and increase the efficiency, so the managers reconstruction, but also to other organizations, such as
think highly of the ground and transportation system office, lab, warehouse, hospital and store, etc[9]. The
layout of coal mine, as has become a newer field of the concrete steps are as follows:
related researchers[1]. A. analyze the relationship between the work units
Traditionally, there are two ways to layout the (logistics and non-logistics), including the 5 factors, that
facilities. The first one is the quantitative method, which is P(products and materials), Q(quantity), R(production
is based on the transportation distance between the route), S(supplementary departments), T(time) [10].
departments to decrease the logistics cost[2]. And the B. synthesize to draw the work relationship chart.
second one is the qualitative method, which depends on C. allocate the positions of the work units[11.
the relationship between the departments and is D. integrate the work units positions with factual
represented by SLP put forward by Richard Muther in floor areas.
1961[3]. SLP is self-consistent and combines the analyses E. by revising and adjusting, get several feasible
of department relationship and logistics, after that plans.
Te-King Chien(2004) led into new definition and F. evaluate the plans to get the best[12].

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978-1-4799-0474-7/13/$31.00 2013 IEEE
2.2 Technique route of this article which, there are two hinge garage to provide the tanker
The technique route of this article is shown in Fig.1. power. Close to the derricks are belt trestle bridge,
screening workshop, and silo in accordance with the
The coal mines present situation coals flow direction. The departments indirectly serve
for the production including the repairing mill, material
mill, equipment storehouse, miner light room, office
building, control center and meeting room. The boiler
The coal mines layout house, air pump house and pond are three important
principle facilities to insure the coal mines normal operation but
have less to do with the production. The present layout of
SLP
the coal mine is shown in Fig.2.

3.2 The analysis of the present layout


Advantages: Coal, trucks, staff and material have
Improve the coal mines layout with SLP
their own transportation flow to insure the coal mines
neatness and peoples security. Staff passageway in
accordance with work sequence and daily rule, is
The optimized layout arranged reasonably to increase efficiency.
plan Disadvantages: Some departments related to each other
are far away. The logistics are not smooth[13].
Fig.1 Technique route chart
4 Optimize the layout of the coal mine
3 The present situation of and the analysis of
the coal mine 4.1 The principle of the layout
A. integrity principle, that is to consider all the
3.1 The coal mines present situation factors affecting the layout[14];
The coal mine is located in the hillside and its B. minimum movement principle;
landform is long and circuitous, with no broad platform C. flowability principle, that is to smooth the
to make the most proper layout for the units. There is a production logistics and clear up the senseless
deep ditch on one side of the coalmine, which leads to stagnation[15];
the hill-creep and does harm to the stability of the D. space fully utilized principle, that is to make
facilities, besides, which provides a natural depot for the good use of the space to arrange the production and
waste rock mined. reserve area;
The core production unit in the plant is heapstead , E. flexibility principle, that is to take into account
in which the host well (elevating the coal) is adjacent to all the likely layout change for the future expanding;
the by-pit (people and material passageway), and right by F. security principle[16].

Legend 8
1.derrick, 2. control center, 3. office building, 4. material
and equipment store house, 5. hinge garage, 6. repairing
16
workshop, 7. transportation belt, 8. coal warehouse, 9.
15
14
2 9
bath house, 10. canteen, 11. staff apartment, 12. parking 12
4
shed, 13. library, 14. boiler house, 15. air pump house,
16. pond (for life and fire protection) 7

1 5

3
6 4
13 11 10 4

Fig.2 The present layout of the coal mine

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4.2 The optimizing process of the coal mines layout relationship between the departments, we should give a
Analyze the coal mines logistics on the base of the ratio to show the relative importance of the two. In coal
products production, reserve, transportation process and mines production, the logistics and non-logistics are
the flow pattern of the staff and material. In SLP, the nearly the same significance, therefore the ratio is 1:1.
logistics strengths decrease in order[17]and are shown by Specially, the number of A and X should be limited[19].
A, E, I, O, U and X. The grade instruction is shown in Then quantify the relationship, the value is shown in
Tab.1. The logistics relationship chart is shown in Fig.3. tab.2, and we can figure out the comprehensive
closeness of each department. Finally according to the
Tab.1 Grade instruction form closeness rank, arrange the departments position.
Grade Specification Tab.2 The relationship value form

Need the same staff, The grade of the


value
A Operate on the same product or work in adjacent relationship
production or maintaining line
A 5
E Provide the material or energy directly
E 3
I provide the material or energy indirectly
I 2
O Relate in operation process, but not closely
O 1
U The staff seldom appear in both places U 0
Have no function in common, or need to be separated X -2
X
for the reason of noise or environmental protection
To the coal mine, security is more important than The comprehensive closeness is shown in Tab.3,
cost and efficiency, so in layout, we need to think over and here we get the value and rank, which decide the
not only the routine production logistics, but also the departments position in the layout[20]. Through the steps
non-logistics to insure the staffs work and life[18]. The above,we can get the coal mines optimized layout with
non-logistics relationship chart is shown in fig.4. SLP, and that is shown in Fig.5.
After analyzing the logistics and non-logistics

1. derrick
2. control center
3. office building
4.material house
5. hinge garage
6. repairing workshop
7. transportation belt
8. coal warehouse
9. bath house
10. canteen
11. staff apartment
12. parking shed
13. library
14. boiler house
15. air pump house
16. pond

Fig.3 The logistics relationship chart

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1. derrick
2. control center
3. office building
4.material house
5. hinge garage
6. repairing workshop
7. transportation belt
8. coal warehouse
9. bath house
10. canteen
11. staff apartment
12. parking shed
13. library
14. boiler house
15. air pump house
16. pond

Fig.4 The non-logistics relationship chart

Tab.3 The comprehensive closeness form

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

1 6 3 10 5 10 10 3 8 2 -2 -2 -2 5 5 4
2 6 10 0 0 0 -1 -2 6 3 1 1 1 4 3 3
3 3 10 4 -2 -2 -2 -2 5 6 4 4 4 4 0 6
4 10 0 4 6 10 4 3 0 0 -2 0 0 0 2 2
5 5 0 -2 6 8 8 0 0 0 -2 0 -2 1 3 3
6 10 0 -2 10 8 3 2 2 4 0 2 -2 1 6 1
7 10 -1 -2 4 8 3 10 3 -1 -2 -2 -2 7 2 0
8 3 -2 -2 3 0 2 10 1 0 -2 -2 -2 3 0 1
9 8 6 5 0 0 2 3 1 8 0 4 2 10 -2 10
10 2 3 6 0 0 4 -1 0 8 10 4 1 5 -2 5
11 -2 1 4 -2 -2 0 -2 -2 0 10 3 4 5 -2 5
12 -2 1 4 0 0 2 -2 -2 4 4 3 -1 0 -2 0
13 -2 1 4 0 -2 -2 -2 -2 2 1 4 -1 0 -2 2
14 5 4 4 0 1 1 7 3 10 5 5 0 0 0 0
15 5 3 0 2 3 6 2 0 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 0 0
16 4 3 6 2 3 1 0 1 10 5 5 0 2 0 0
Comprehensive
65 35 42 39 28 45 37 13 57 45 20 9 1 45 11 42
closeness
Rank 1 10 6 8 11 3 9 13 2 3 12 15 16 3 14 6

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Legend
1.derrick, 2. control center, 3. office building, 4. material
and equipment store house, 5. hinge garage, 6. repairing
workshop, 7. transportation belt, 8. coal warehouse, 9.
bath house, 10. canteen, 11. staff apartment, 12. parking
shed, 13. library, 14. boiler house, 15. air pump house,
16. pond (for life and fire protection)

Fig.5 The optimized layout

5 Conclusions layout construction method, International Journal of


Production Research, 2012, 50(15): 4271-4278.
In this article, we using SLP for reference, first list [3]T Kim, H Lim, U Lee, M Cha, H Cho, K Kang.
the coal mines operational departments, and evaluate the Advanced formwork method integrated with a layout
relationship between the departments after the analysis of planning model for tall building construction, Canadian
the technological process, logistics and non-logistics. Journal of Civil Engineering, 2012, 39(11): 1173-1183.
After quantify the evaluation of 5 grades, we get the [4]Y A Bozer, R D Meller, S J Erlebacher. An
comprehensive closeness of each department. Then improvement-type layout algorithm for single and
according to the closeness rank, arrange the departments. multiple-floor facilities. Management Science, 1994,
At last, referring to the investigation of the on-site 40(7): 918-932.
fieldwork, the requirement of coal mines production, [5]G Zhou, M Ye, Z Cao, F Ye. A genetic algorithm
operation and security, we obtain the final optimized approach on a facility layout design problem with aisles.
layout plan. Computational Intelligence, 2006: 1008-1013.
In this research, one of the most important point is [6]J Zheng, Y Yang. Study on facility layout and
to get the relateness between the departments, which evaluation based on SLP and AHP. Mechanical Research
should be inquired from the technician, engineer, & Application, 2012, 25(4): 179-182.
manager and the operator. Another important point is to [7]F Ding-zhong, Wu-Neng, F Jia-jing, J Mei-xian.
examine the on-site fieldwork and take good advantage Layout design and simulation optimization of workshop
of it.The research gives reference to the coal mine with facilities based on SLP and SHA. Industrial Engineering
limited space. and Management, 2012, 17(2): 21-25.
[8]W Qiu-ping, L Ting-ting, Z Qia, W Lei-juan, B Yang.
Acknowledgments Application of ordered sample clustering method in
systematic layout planning classification of logistics
Kindly thank Yang Xi-long for providing the data to strength. Journal of Xian University of Architecture
achieve this paper. Technology, 2012, 44(2): 231-237.
[9]Y MAO, Z LI. The application of systematic layout
planning to the production and logistics system in a
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