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The Incan Empire is said to be one of the biggest empires of the 16th century, however,

the Incan empire did not last very long. Civilization lasted a little less than 100 years all together.
The time period was from 1438 to 1532, around 94 years. The Incan civilization was at the north
and south side of western South America. The surrounding lands were made up of coastline
deserts. It was close to the Andes mountains and the Amazon jungle. The geography would have
been described as rough. The Incans goverment consisted of a monarchy. It was named
Tawantinsuyu. The government was ruled by a king or emperor. The empire was separated into
four different parts. Each part had a name ending in suyu. For example, Anti Suyu, was the
name of one of the sections. The other three were called: Chinchay Suyu, Qulla Suyu, Kunti
Suyu. The capital of the empire was Cuzco. The suyus were divided up even further into other
things inside each suyu. The religion was based off the belief of the god, Inti, he was the sun
god. Incas believed in things like human sacrifice, the worship of their ancestors, nature was also
a big part. Another belief is that each ruler had been a direct descendants of Inti (sun god). The
Incans spoke through the language of Quechua. They also developed things such as the flute,
drum, and the Incan panpipe. Cities, temples, and suspension bridges were a few of the things
Incas had brought to the world. Aqueducts and freeze dried foods also came from the Incas. They
were considered very intelligent. Most of the Incas had the job of farming. However, there were
other jobs that could keep you from being in farming. Other jobs included warriors, fishermen,
sorcerers, and women that were considered chosen. The social grouping of the Incas was very
organized. There were four levels of social classes. The highest class would be the king or
emperor, which had been called Sapa Inca, he held the highest position. The next position went
to the royal familes and royality in general and next came the nobility section. After that was the
ayllu, which was one of the sections that the suyu had been divided down into. Woman of the
Incan society participated in the community almost as equally as men, however, men had higher
position. The chosen women had it rough. They were usually the youngest and prettiest girls of
the community. They would be sent to people of higher positions, such as nobles, priests, and the
king or emperor to be servants. Being sent to be a servant was much better than the second
option. The second option was being thrown off of a cliff as a sacrifice to the gods. The chosen
women had another Incan name that translated into virgins of the sun. Today, there are still
Inca descendants living in the world, mainly near or around Cusco. A website is dedicated to
them (www.incas.org) it tells a bit about the history and has stories of the meanings beyond other
things. There are actual Inca descendants that run the site. On the site, there are also pictures that
show what life is like in Cusco. For example, there are pictures from the market, weavings made,
photos of the Incan ruins that had been preserved. The website is made for information and
rememberance of the Incas. Although the Incas only lasted less than a hundred years, they were
considered one of the biggest empires in the 16th century. This is proven through how much of
an impact the Incan civilization has had on the world today. The history of the Incans are still
taught today in social studies classes, helping to keep the empire remembered. The descendants
of the Incan Natives are still fighting to keep the Incan memory alive by teaching their kids the
customs and traditions and telling the stories that have been passed down through the many
generations. All in all, the Incan civilization may have been short but still very important. The
history of the tribe and natives will last throughout the generations to come.
REFERENCES :

www.crystalinks.com/inca_civilization.html
http://incas.mrdonn.org/geography.html
www.ducksters.com/history/inca/government.php
http://classroom.synonym.com/religious-beliefs-incas-5407.html
http://incas.mrdonn.org/inventions.html
www.omniglot.com/writing/quechua.htm
http://incas.mrdonn.org/professions.html
https://www.reference.com/world-view/incas-social-structure-25542b9cb17e57d6
http://www2.ivcc.edu/gender2001/Incan_Women.htm
www.ducksters.com/history/inca/society.php
https://kidskonnect.com/history/ancient-inca/
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Chosen-Women
http://www.incas.org/