Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

CCIL / LABORATORY INSPECTION CHECKCLIST

Standard Test Method for Recovery of Asphalt From solution by Abson Method
ASTM D 1856-95a (2003)

APPARATUS:

1. Centrifuge:

a. Batch Unit: Exerting a minimum centrifugal force of 770 times gravity? ____
b. Continuous Unit: Exerting a minimum force of 3000 times gravity (e.g. SSM
operating at 9000 RPMS)? ____
c. Refer to Apparatus specified in D 96? .. ____

2. Centrifuge Tubes: Refer to ASTM D 96? ____


3. Distillation Assembly (Refer to Figure 1 / ASTM D1856):

- Two 250 ml wide- mouth, heat resistant extraction flasks? .. ____


- Heat resistant glass tubing (gooseneck shaped with 10 mm inside dia.) .. ____
- Inlet Aeration Tube: 6 mm outside dia. / minimum 180 mm in length with a
10 mm bulb having 6 side holes approximately 1.5 mm in dia.? .. ____
- Electric heating Mantle: with variable transformer, oil bath or fluidized sand
bath fitting a 250 ml flask? . ____
- Water-Jacketed Condenser: Allihn type (200 mm minimum jacket length or
equivalent? ____
- Gas Flowmeter: capable of indicating a gas flow of up to 1000 ml/min.? .. ____
- Flexible Elastomeric Tubing: of sufficient length and size to connect to
flowmeter / resistant to chlorinated solvents / equipped with pinch clamp or
stopcock to close aeration tube? ____
- Thermometer: ASTM Low Distillation Thermometer 7E or 7F as specified /
range from -2 to 300C (30 to 580F) / conforming to E 1? . ____
- Separatory Funnel: 125 ml capacity? .. ____

REAGENTS / MATERIALS:

1. Carbon Dioxide Gas: With pressurized tank / pressure reducing valve? ____
2. Reagent Grade Trichloroethylene? .. ____

Note 1: Refer to Section 7.1 for safety precautions.

SAMPLE / Section 8.0:

1. 75 to 100 g of bitumen recovered from a solution obtained from a previous


extraction (Method A of ASTM D2172) ____

Important:

Sample preparation prior to performing Method A of ASTM D2172)

a. Protect bituminous mixtures form exposure to air should be stored in airtight


containers at a temperature below 0 C until they can be tested allow sample
to reach room temperature before placing in oven.
b. Should be placed in oven covered and then heated to a maximum of 110C (230F)
but no longer than 30 minutes.
Page 2

CCIL / LABORATORY INSPECTION CHEKCLIST

Standard Test Method for Recovery of Asphalt From solution by Abson Method
ASTM D 1856-95a (2003)

PROCEDURE:

a. Place Solution obtained from extraction into a centrifuge using:

(a) Continuous centrifuge: at a rate not exceeding 150ml/min? ____


(b) Batch Unit: in bottles or centrifuge tubes for a minimum of 30 min. at 770 times
gravity in the specified batch apparatus? . ____

b. Transfer all of solution from centrifuge to a large flask for primary distillation
operation using several washes of solvent? ... ____
c. Solution reduced to about 200 ml by primary distillation? ____
d. All of residue transferred to a 250 ml flask for secondary distillation using several
washes of solvent? .. ____
e. Secondary distillation apparatus assembled (Refer to Fig. 1 of D 1856-95a) . ____
f. Positioned bottom of aeration tube above solution surface? ____
g. Proceeded with distillation until temperature reaches 135 C (275F)? . ____

Note2: During this period lower the aeration tube until bulb is in contact with
bottom of flask and introduce the CO2 gas at approximately 100 ml/min.

h. Increased CO2 flow to approximately 900 mL/min. when temperature reaches 157 to
160C (315 to 320F)? ____
i. Maintained CO2 flow rate for 10 min. while at the same time maintaining the
temperature of the residue at 160 to 166C (320 to 330F) ____

Note 3: If dripping is still occurring from the delivery tube after 10 minutes,
maintain the flow rate and temperature until 5 min. after dripping ceases.

Note 4: Flow time for CO2 shall not be less than 15 min.

j. Discontinue gas flow and heat? . ____

ALTERNATIVE PROCEDURE:

a. Apparatus assembled in accordance with ASTM D1856-95A / Fig. 1 with the


separatory funnel placed in the thermometer hole in the cork or a separate hole
drilled in the cork? ____
b. Positioned bottom of aeration tube above solution surface? ____
c. Separatory funnel filled with centrifuged solution / petcocks opened to fill the flask
approximately full of solvent mixture? . ____
d. Applied low heat to the flask to start distillation? ____
e. Continue introducing the fresh solvent mixture into the flask using the funnel
stopcock to maintain the full condition until all the solvent mixture has been
introduced? ____
f. Wash the transfer container and funnel with fresh solvent to ensure that entire
Mixture has been transferred? ____
Page 3

CCIL / LABORATORY INSPECTION CHEKCLIST

Standard Test Method for Recovery of Asphalt From solution by Abson Method
ASTM D 1856-95a (2003)

ALTERNATIVE PROCEDURE (continued)

g. Distillation continued until the temperature reaches 135C (275F)? ____

Note 3: During this period lower the aeration tube until bulb is in contact with
bottom of flask and introduce the CO2 gas at approximately 100 ml/min.

h. Increased CO2 flow to approximately 900 mL/min. when temperature reaches 157 to
160C (315 to 320F)? ____
i. Maintained CO2 flow rate for 10 min. while at the same time maintaining the
temperature of the residue at 160 to 166C (320 to 330F)? ____
j. Maintained CO2 flow rate for 10 min. while at the same time maintaining the
temperature of the residue at 160 to 166C (320 to 330F) ____

Note 3: If dripping is still occurring from the delivery tube after 10 minutes,
maintain the flow rate and temperature until 5 min. after dripping ceases.

Note 4: Flow time for CO2 shall not be less than 15 min.

k. Discontinue gas flow and heat? . ____

COMMENTS:
______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________