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Department of Mechanical Engineering

Assignment-1
Sub.: Automobile Engineering Date of issue: 19/07/2016
Sub. Code: EME-702 Date of Submission: 08/08/2016

Short answer type questions (2 marks):

1. On what basis the automobiles are classified?


2. State the four operations of Otto cycles. Write standard efficiency also.
3. What are the four operations of diesel cycle? Write standard efficiency also.
4. What is mean effective pressure?
5. What is squish in piston?
6. Why are two compression rings used?
7. What are the forces acting on a crankshafts?
8. State the function of the cam shaft.
9. What is the speed of cam shaft in a four stroke engine?
10. What is a hot spot?
11. What is Bearing spread?
12. What is firing order of four-cylinder and six-cylinder?

Long answer type questions (10 marks):

1) What are the different types of resistances encountered by a moving vehicle? What is rolling
resistance? Describe the factors that affects the rolling resistance of a vehicle.
(UPTU
2007/08)
2) a) Why maximum power and maximum torque is not produced in the same rpm in an engine?
(UPTU 2004/05)
b) Define volumetric efficiency. What is its effects on engine performance, engine power and
specific fuel consumption? Draw the performance curve. (UPTU 2004/05)
3) Write short notes on the following:- (UPTU 2004/05)
a) Indicated power
b) Break power
c) Friction power
d) Taxable horse power
e) Tarctive effort
f) Gradeability of a car
4) a) Draw and explain the valve timing diagram for 4 stroke petrol and 4 stroke diesel engine.
(UPTU
2010/11)
b) State and explain the essential differences in the valve timings of high speed and low
speed 4 stroke petrol engines. (UPTU 2007/08)
5) a) Explain, what do you mean by Valve and Valve Gear Mechanism? Explain the four
valve location per cylinder for an I.C. engine, on valve layout. Also draw the actual valve
timing diagram. (UPTU 2003/04)
b) What is supercharging? Why it is done and what are super charging limits for CI engine?
(UPTU 2010/11)
6) a) What consideration are made in the design of a vehicle? (UPTU 2012/13)
b) What are the main components of an internal combustion engine? Give their material of
construction and their functions. (UPTU 2012/13)
7) a) Discuss the principles that are considered in design of a cylinder block.
b) Describe piston, its construction, function and characteristics. Describe different types of
piston. How the two strokes piston does differs from 4 stroke pistons of a vehicles.
(UPTU 2006/07)
8) a) Why is a compound gear train preferred over the simple gear train for use in manual gear
box? Make comparison between constant mesh and synchromesh gear box. (UPTU 2008/09)
b) What is the necessity of Gear box? Explain the working of constant mesh gear box. What
are its advantages and limitations? (UPTU 2003/04)

Long answer type questions (15 marks):

1. A four speed gear box is to be constructed for providing the ratios of 1.0, 1.46, 2.28, and 3.93
to 1 as nearly as possible. The diametral pitch of each gear is 3.25 mm and the smallest pinion
is to have atleast 15 teeth. The center distance between the main and layout shaft is 78.
Determine the suitable number of teeth of the different gears and the exact gear ratio thus
available. (UPTU 2005/06)
2. The coefficient of rolling resistance of a truck weighing 62300 N is 0.018 and the coefficient
of air resistance is 0.0276 in the formula R = KW + K AV2 .N, where A is m2 of frontal area
and V is the speed in km/h. The transmission efficiency in top gear of 6.2:1 is 90% maximum
speed of 88 km/h in top gear, calculate:
i. The engine B.P. required
ii. The engine speed if the driving wheels have an effective diameter of 0.8125m
iii. The maximum grade the truck can negotiate at the above engine speed in second gear.
iv. The maximum drawbar pull available on level at the above engine speed in second
gear. (UPTU 2005/06)

3. The coefficient of rolling resistance of a truck weighing 6350 kg is 0.018 and air resistance is
0.00281. The transmission efficiency in top gear of 6.2:1 is 90%, which in the second gear
time 18:1 is 80%. The frontal area is 6 m 2. If truck has to have maximum speed of 85 km/h in
top gear, calculate:
i. Engine B.H.P. required
ii. The engine speed when driving wheel diameter is 80 cm.
iii. The maximum grade the truck can negotiate in II grade. (UPTU 2003/04)
4. Design a sliding type of gear box to obtain following speed ratio:
Top gear ratio = 1:1
Third gear ratio = 1.4:1
Second gear ratio = 2.24:1
Reverse and first gear ratio = 3.8:1
Assume countershaft speed = half that of engine speed.
Assume smallest gear to have not less than 15 teeth. (UPTU 2012/13)
5. A car weighing 0.9 tonne is occupied by 4 persons each weighing 60kg, and loaded with
belongings weighing 2 quintals. Its frontal area is 2.5 m2 and it can attain a maximum speed of
90 km/h on level road. Determine the maximum inclination it can rise at 30km/h in top gear.
Take coefficient of rolling resistance as 0.03 and aerodynamic coefficient as 0.032.