Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 88
Bay \ pre-intermediate J: Geen eed r4 memory training ies Everyday English PTC TE Student’s Book & Workbook ~ nee aC ere Urea ar JETSTREAM Cloud with LMS Jane Revell - Mary Tomalin JETS Utah pre-interm es HELBLING LANGUAGES Jetstream Preintermedifte ( ))\} | F-|\] |S on L | (R) Review from Element GETTINGTO | LESSON 1 Fesoralinfomaton | Quesons() Invoduin yousel and now you | Who ae you? The alphabet, beh) ‘ther people | | Physical aces a) Asking personal questions | page ¢ Lesson 2 Wor and ite Present simple () Taking about objectives Wy are youlearing | Musial instruments | resent cantiuous) Writing about youse : Engl? eal want need (8) unr t UESSON 1 mae (do | Present coninuous(R) | Reading: multitasking | Taking about popu Way ofleaing | What are you good at? Present imple) ami? acts Adverts of equency pages aa Expressions + ng frm UES50N2 Multiple ineligences Reding: Maple Witing 2 personal utile | How do yeulem best? | BI inligences que intligences poe LESSON Relleve pronouns Uistering 1: Dominic Taking about how io Count on your memary O'Ben World Memory | improve your memory Champion Usterng 2: Remembering words VOCABULARY PLUS | Subjects _Unourable nouns Wordle: Verbs and nouns Foes on up and down PB dy EVERYDAY ENGUSH Cl _| Bxresing opinion: strong Hes and dies Agresing ond disagreeing ai VOCABULARY ern READING AND LISTENING — SPEAKING AND WRITING uNT2 | LESSON Ue events Past single afrmatve() | Reading: Favja Singh | Taking about import ife Amazing... | He was 89 years ast simple negatve(®) | (entenaran marathon | events orcas? Fast simple questons@) | rune) pagers [ LESSONZ Tonspor astcontnuousvpast | Reding Around the wodd_ | Checking aout an He ws snimming when singe in 13 yeas explore tok sound the @B trepularpast simple | werd | ves | LESSONS Pastcontnueusvpast | Uistering 12 conresaton Why was she wearing 2 ‘snp questone aboutDiana tad | | mask? Listening 22 conversation : about Rose Swale Pope | VOCABULARY PLUS Places Ordinal umes Wordbuider:Conpoond nous Focus on come _B Strong and weak pronunciation othe EVERYDAY ENGUSH CH | Teling ois VOCABULARY em Ue uwirs | LSso Work 99g 0) Reacing:Acearplan | Asking or pay se Work adits | fm going to eave my job Verb inte Taking abou your and problems ‘ate plon eas SOND Plesions Present coninuosfor | eating Asciptrtersfe | Wing eyo wok ta Fm fying 0 LA tomorow. | BB schwa fa! future use email ‘ing out a phone conversation | LESSON 3 Time expressions wl future LUstening: information about | Talking about your jb and Wi he ets? astand-upcomedian | making predions about ter peoples jobs | VOCABULARY PLUS ‘ver iniveSinilar words Fou on: Psa verbs _ OB Sientd EVERYDAY ENGLISH CA _| Giving instructions Mating requests Useul expressions Instant decison and promises ker 8. aucio (on CO and mp3 online) PD pronunciation acivies @ texyourmenoy & sinir or erento or nguage? C1 watch the video 2) EXPLORE end or leing wih cle pojeas UNIT How we live page 34 UNITS Getting away page 4 LESSON 1 ‘Present perfect v past Reading: Opposites attract! Talking about the uses of Have you ever writen 3 simple (R) Ustening: two conversations | technology blog? about technology Feo situations LESSON 2 {for and since Reading: Living the dream | Talking about a persons life Have you ever had a dream? BB jx and fis) ‘iting a biography LESSON 3 Household tasks Present perfect with alteady, | Ustening 1: a radio Talking about gender, age ve just done it yet just ‘rogramme about ‘and household tasks housework Listening 2; a conversation ‘between two flatmates VOCABULARY PLUS Technology Relationships Focus on: 90 EVERVOAY ENGUSH CT (soezailansncnrt intonation LESSON 1 imust/mustn't/ have to/ | Reading: cruise ship job | Writing abou job ‘You must have a certificate, ‘don't have; an/can't | advertisement requirements Talking about things you ‘an do to become lent intnglsn LESSON 2 Travel igh may, wil probably | Reading: Taveling ight | Taking about tips or Itight ain Cotes vacling ight va ‘ESSON3 Uiserng 1a ado “aling about deaing with You sould move around imeriew wih ajetag | jelog open tng and acting outa Uiserng 2:atoy abouta |" comvesation missed fight VOCABULARY PLUS Useful things Useful expressions _ Focus on get_Wordbulder Negative prefixes m,n, un everay encusn Cat | Bgtingan te, Src be eet ne fe Sentence stress for emphasising doubt UNITS Survival page 52 pages 62- 66 e 67 ages 68-70 LESSON Emergency equipment (1) | Zero contol Ustening aad exper | Taking about what co # you get tuck, keep calm when cies taking about deaing wth | "you rel Zed don't pane snow LESSON 2 Global warming Fist conditional Reading: The inconvenient | Taking about what wil Hemera go un fh ‘ect happen tse els se vallde ig prectons forthe yea 2050 UESSONI Aximaln danger Flav pronouns who/ | Ustering ata atest | Ting abot how thlp Ws an anal hates in which that endangered anima, | anima incarger thea | wing a ema to volute eran crgansston ie 8 fat! ant hd VOCABULARY PLUS | Emergency eupent (2) Wordbude Nouns rem verbs Foe on: eep BB Tre lable words EVERYDAY ENGUSH C1 | Giving instucions Checking understanding Information gap and extra material Reproduced Art & Music paintings. units 1 - 6 Stories pages 72-78 Grammar reference pages 79-83 Transcripts pages 84-86 Pronunciation and irregular verbs Getting to know you GRAMMAR: questions; b cerR UNIT vocasvuan personal information, the Al FOCUS runcrions: These letters can be tricky. How do you 1 Listen and repeat the conversation. Then 3 say hello to other people. them? Listen and check. frat Hil I'm Firat REUTER y 9g 1 o1¢A Hello! My name's Olga. Bbaiecccnto mest you 4 Act out the conversation in 2 with three different people. Use your own name and place. ‘ouca Really nice to meet you too. Complete the conversation below, then listen and check. Teacher Hello! intermediate English course caRLA Yes, | am TEACHER What * ? ‘carta Carla Valenzuela. TEACHER Sorry. How * that? CARLA CAR TEACHER No, | meant, how + surname? CARLA Oh, Somy —V-A-L-E-N-Z-U-E-L-A. TEACHER Ah. OK. And where > 2 carta I'm from Santiago. TeAcHeR In Spain? ‘ARLA No, in Chile! TeacHER Wow! That's a long way! here for the pre. ___ your 4 Getting to know you 10 VOCABULARY Write the words under the correct heading. Which word doesn’t fit? Try to add two more words to each category. drums keyboard Pilates retired running snake student saxophone swimming teacher unemployed violin volleyball REMEMBER If you don’t understand a word, ask What's ‘tricky’? or What does ‘retired’ mean? Complete the phrases with words from 5. 1 do judo, yoga, 2 go jogging, climbing, 5 3 play football, rugby, tennis, 4 play the piano, guitar, ‘Add these words to the lists in 6. banjo exercise flute golf Karate’ riding sailing skiing table tennis In groups of three, you have three minutes to agree on three activities you all do. GRAMMAR Questions Complete the questions with are or do then match them with a possible answer. 1 Where you a) No, 'm on my own from? right now. 2 Where you b) I'm from Salzburg. live now? ) I play the trumpet, 3 What you but not very well do? 4) I'm not working at 4 Where you the moment. I'm work / study? unemployed. 5 you do ) Yes, | do zumbat any sports or physical —f) In a children’s activities? hospital 6 you married —g) In Malaga or______you have h) I'ma social worker. a boyfriend / girlfriend? ') I'm sorry, I never 7 you play a tell people my musical instrument? age! 8 How old you? 631.5 Listen and check your answers. © PAGE 72 SPEAKING 11 Think about your own answers to the questions in 9. © MEMEMBER If you don’t know the English word for something, ask How do you say... in English? 12. Ask another student five of the questions in 9. ‘\'m a bus driver? “What do you do?? 13 Introduce your partner to other people. ‘This is Tony. He's from Ancona. He's an engineer? ‘Really? Nice to meet you, Tony.? @ REMEMBER ae I'ma teacher. | He's a waiter. _ | She's an engineer. Vim not THe isn’t | She's training to working | studying French. | be a doctor. today. | work at the [He works ina | She doesn’t work | university. _| café in an office, Ihave two | He doesn’t have | She has a great children. facar job. © PAGE 72 WRITING 14 Write a short paragraph about yourself and give it to your teacher. Use your answers to the questions in 9 to help you. Getting to know you 5 Lesson 2 Why are you learning English? es YW \ von) SPEAKING VARY 1. Match verbs in A with words in g ® AWE . h a read speak watch 8] English an exam films hoiids ajob news articles people 2. Suggest two other words that can of the verbs in A soit cag 3. What is happening in each of the photos on the left? How do they involve English? LISTENING 4 These are all replies to the same question What's the question? 1 I need it for my work. 2 I need it for my studies. 3. | want to understand the w 4 I need to pass an English e t to go on holiday Listen to six English-language students answering the question in 4. Tick the replies you heard on the list above. 6 Listen again. What extra information do you hear in each case? 5 6 Getting to know you SPEAKING Usefull encuase 7 Which of the statements in 4 are true for you? ‘Add other reasons. 8 Compare your ideas with other people. Do you Howdo yourwrite==? have the same objectives? : ha oneraieaet ae © REMEMBER again, lease? need ... for + noun: | need English for college. | Whet means“unemployed"? at does ‘t " want rou: twantatetergo sil SS eed /want + t0 infinitive: | nee nitive: | want to study in the Tow is‘research'in English? [Whats tesearch’ in English? | 6 PAGE 72 Hello! Are you here for the pre-intermediate English course? LEARNING STRATEGIES 9 Read the information, then write a list of your reasons for learning English. Put it up on a wall at home where you will see it often. No understand! Um ... | think you want the beginner's course. It's in room 3! Did you know that it’s very important to write down your goals? Research shows chat people who write 10 Decide with a partner what you can say in these down their goals are very likely to achieve oe what they want. But people who don't 1 You don’t know how to spell something. write down their goals are less likely to be 2 You didn’t understand what someone said. successful. So it’ a good idea to write them Syaiaittoont canons atari down! 4 You want to get past someone. It’s a very good idea to look at them eeu sh on etmicotes Toe occasionally too, and remind yourself § Your teachers speaking too fast why you're doing cis So pur shen uP 11. 1,7 Listen and check. Remember to use the somewhere where you can see them expressions in your English classes and outside them too. Getting to know you 7 Ways of learning cern UNIT orawmar: present continuous; present simple; adverbs of frequency; expressions + -ing form; reflexive Apo vocasuLaRy: make /do; multiple intelligences FOCUS runcrions: expressing opinions; agreeing and disagreeing Pronouns Lesson 1 What are you good at? How many things can you do at the same time? SPEAKING The woman in the picture is doing eight things at 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. the same time. 1 How many different things is the woman doing at 1 She's ___a baby. the same time? What are they? 2 She exercises. 2. Why does she have to be good at multi-tasking, 3 She ______a text message. do you think? 4 She a drink, 5 She her tablet. GRAMMAR 1 6 She___ an omelette, 7 She for something with her 2 Complete the rule. credit card, Eimer) We use the present continuous to describe a | picture or talk about what (happen) now or at the present moment. VOCABULARY make / do 4 Complete the table with these phrases. Then listen and check. Bree coffee thecooking adecision _exercise(s) 3 Complete sentences 1-7 with these verbs, homework a mistake anoise an omelette then listen and check. Which activity is missing a phone call the shopping sport from the sentences? Sudoku atest yoga do have look after make [make do pay send work on TesrieaEEHEEe HEHE ve tar 8 Unit1 GRAMMAR 2 5 Complete the rule, then answer the questions. fies We use the present simple to talk about what (happen) generally 7 We use adverbs of frequency to say how often we do things (all the time, every day, lays, often, usually, sometimes, hardly ever, never). © PAGE 72-73 1. Which of the things in 4 do you ... a) do every day? b) sometimes do? ¢) never do? 2. Ate you doing any of the things right now? 6 Write the correct form of the missing verbs in the correct place. do go have listen to (x2) look at read send use watch 1 1 always the radio in the morning. | never TV. 2 Ruth often breakfast in a café. She to a different café every day. 3 Jack hardly ever the newspaper at breakfast. He usually Sudoku. 4 | never my mobile phone in the car but sometimes music. 5. They usually text messages and their emails on their way to work, 7 Rewrite the sentences in 6 so they are true for you, then compare with a partner. 1 never listen to the radio in the morning. | never watch TV either. | talk to my kids! READING 8 Read the extract from an article. Do you agree with Dave Crenshaw? M ‘any employers say they lke employees who | are good at multitasking, But in his recent | time management bestseller, The Myth of Multi- tasking: How ‘Doing itl’ Gets Nothing Done, Dave Crenshaw says that people can’t do two things at once. t's impossible. A person only has one brain. If you're doing one thing, you can’t do something else at the same time. Mult-tasking doesn’t exist. What ‘we're doing is ’switch-tasking’. We move very quickly between two or more tasks, and pay short attention ta each of them in tur. Crenshaw says that if we do this fora long time — as many people do — it's very bad for us. it can make us stressed and unhappy and inefficient at our job. 10 " 12 13 Match the words in bold in the extract with the correct meaning. 1 activities 2 a story that isn’t true 3 not working well 4 a book that lots of people buy 5 people who work for someone Read the extract again and choose the best answers. 1. Many employers a) are good at multi-tasking b) think multi-tasking is a good thing. ©) agree with Dave Crenshaw’s ideas. 2 Dave Crenshaw says a) we can only do two things at once. ) some people are better at multi-tasking than others. ©) multi-tasking isn’t possible. 3. ‘Switch-tasking’ means a) moving quickly from one activity to the next. b) spending a long time on each activity. ©) doing several things at the same time. 4 In the long-term, switch-tasking €) is very good for us. b) can lead to stress. can make us happy. GRAMMAR 3 v x xx good at multi-|not good at | bad at reading | tasking sitting still maps | like / love don’t like hate doing | taking photos _| drawing Sudoku | [taking photos | {Sudoku _| enjoy solving [not keen on | hopeless at problems singing making things | © PAGE 74 Highlight the items in the grammar box that are true for you. Compare with a partner. SPEAKING In groups of four, you have four minutes to make a list of four things that you all really like doing and four that you all hate doing. Compare your list with other groups. What are the most / least popular activities? 4A lot of people really hate doing housework!” unit1 9 Lesson 2 How do you learn best? Multiple intelligences quiz 5 Social intelligence = clever with people Do you enjoy being in a group or team? Do you like team games and sports? 1 Linguistic intelligence = clever with language Do you like playing with words (eg playing Scrabble?) Are you fond of reading? Do you communicate well in your own language? Do you get on well with lots of different people? Do you like talking to other people ... and to yourself? Do you like parties and meeting up with ? 2 Personal intelligence = clever with yourself 6 Physical intelligence = clever with your body Do you enjoy physical activites like sport, dancing Do you walk around to help yourself think? Do you like making things with your hands? Do you hate siting still fora long time? 7 Mathematical intelligence = clever with lo ‘Are you good at numbers and calculations? Do you play number games like Sudoku? Do you like analysing things and solving pro! Was maths one of your favourite school subje 8 Naturalist intelligence = clever with natu Can you name lots of different plants and an Do you care a lot about conservation and the ‘Are you interested in astronomy and how life Was biology one of your favourite school subj Do you enjoy being on your own? Do you write down your thoughts in a diary? Are you very independent? Do you enjoy learning things about yourself? 3 Musical intelligence = clever with music Can you play a musical instrument? Are you a good singer? Do you really enjoy listening to music? Do you often sing (or whistle or hum)? 4 Visual intelligence = clever with pictures Do you like drawing, painting and architecture? Do you enjoy taking photos, making videos, etc? ‘Are you good at reading maps? Was art one of your favourite school subjects? 10 Unit 1 FS VOCABULARY Multiple intelligences (EIEISEEA Describe the picture on page 12. What do you think it means? 1.10 Match the words with photos A-H. Then listen and check. musical mathematical social linguistic personal visual naturalist physical S Which words in 2 are similar to words in your language? Before you read the extract below, decide if these statements are true or false. 1 Some people are intelligent but others aren't. 2. No one is stupid. Everyone is intelligent. 3 Different people are intelligent in different ways. Read Howard Gardner's views. Does he agree with you? HOWARD GARDNER believes that 2 person who is good at maths is not more intelligent than someone who is good at sports. He believes they are intelligent in | a different way. Howard Gardner is a psychologist, and a long time ago (in 1983) he wrote a book about his theory In his view there is not just one kind of intelligence — there are multiple intelligences. It's possible to be good (or not 0 good) at one or more of them. You can have trouble with words, for example, but be quite good at drawing and at athletics. Or you can find numbers abit difficult, but be very good with animals or be a fantastic singer. (r you can find it hard to understand yourself but be really good at connecting with other people! The idea of ‘multiple intelligences is very interesting, It’ also relly useful. People with a strong musical intelligence for example, can use songs to help them learn. You can also develop your weaker intelligences to give yourself more choices and to make your lfe more interesting 6 LMEIDNA Think about the questions, then compare your answers with other people. 1 How old is the idea of ‘multiple intelligences’? 2 What different kinds of intelligence does the writer mention in the text? 3 What do you think of Gardner's theory? 4. How does it apply to you? 7 P9621.) Say these words. Which word doesn’t have the /o:/ sound? Listen and check. all board call law more sports talk drawing false forty four ‘thought walk work 8 P23) Practise these sentences. Can you imagine a context for them? ‘No more talk,’ thought Paul. He walked to the door. READING AND SPEAKING 9 Work in pairs and do the quiz on page 12. a) Ask each other the questions and answer each question: yes, no or so-so. b) Work out your profile. Give yourself 2 points for every ‘yes’, 1 point for every ’so-so’ and 0 for ‘no’. Count the number of points for each section Which are your strongest / weakest intelligences? ©) Look at the quiz again and find: ‘* one question where you and your partner have the same answer. ‘* one question where you have a different answer. 4) Report back to the rest of the class. “We both like talking to ourselves” 4 enjoy team games but Julio doesn’t like ther atall? WRITING 10 Write your profile, based on your results from the quiz. 11 Do the quiz at home with a family member or a friend. 12. Write a short profile of that person to present to your group. My brother, Georg His strongest intelligences are .. He likes He enjoys .. He’s good at . His weakest intelligences are .. He doesn't like .. He never One way we're the same / different is that XPLORE For more details, search for ‘multiple intelligence quiz’ online. Unit1 11 12 Lesson 3 Count on your memory LISTENING 1 1. Describe the photos and suggest a connection between them. 2 641.12 Listen and complete the extract with the missing numbers. An amazing memory for numbers! Dominic O'Brien has a really amazing memory and he's won the World Memory Championships" times. There are*___ cards in a pack of playing. cards (without the jokers) and Dominic can memorise 3__packs in one hour. That's almost‘ thousand playing cards! He looks at each card just ‘once, puts it away and then says all the cards in order. There are *_cards in total - if he uses the jokers. oncBone te lee wo tes 3 681.13 How does Dominic O’Brien do it? Listen and complete the sentences. Dominic O'Brien's three-step strategy for remembering information: 1. He changes information into 2 He connects the to 3 He puts each item of information Something very important that he does regularly He O'Brien's biggest secret: He believes Unit 1 Ask and answer questions to check your answers. “What does he change the information into?” LORE Search online for Dominic O’Brien or Peak Performance Training to find out more. LISTENING 2 68 | 14 Listen to a list of twenty words. Don't write anything. At the end of the list, follo the instructions you hear. Check with a partner. Circle the words yo: both remembered. Why do you think yo remembered those words more than ot! \s? §3 1.15 You are going to hear an expert talking about why we remember some words more than others. Guess if these sentences are true or false. Then listen and check. 1. We remember words at the beginning better than at the end. 2. We remember words better if we hear them just once. 3. We remember unusual words better than ordinary ones. 4. We remember words which connect with us personally. 5 We remember words we learnt most recently. 10 "1 12 GRAMMAR |- myself we ~ ourselves you~ yourself you — yourselves he — himself they — themselves she — herself it itself To help you remember a word, say it to yourself several times. © PAGE 74 Look at the grammar box, then complete the sentences with the correct pronoun. 1 Do you talk to ?=Yes, | sing to too! 2 He fell off his bike and hurt quite badly. 3 3 Is she looking at in the mirror again? 4. We went to a very interesting talk and really enjoyed SPEAKING How can you improve your memory? Read the text quickly and underline the answer. 14 15 You probably don’t want to remember 54 packs ‘of playing cards, but most of us would like to have a better memory. So here's another number: 1100,000,000,000. There are one hundred blion cells in your brain. That's a lot of cells! Potentially you have 2 fantastic memory. But you need to use your brain cells lose them. Your brain is like a muscle: you need to exercise it regularly soit works really wel Otherwise it slows down. And do you know one really good way of exercising your brain? Learning English! @ Cover the text in 9 and tell your partner in one or two sentences what it says. GETING Work in groups. Make a list of things you can do to improve your memory. Match 1-8 with a-h to make memory tips. Did you have any of them on your list? Eight tips to improve your memory. helps if you... a) and also eat food with vitamins A, C and E. 1 Stop telling yourself: 2 Start saying to yourself 3 Test b) because it helps the 4 Play connections in your brain, 5 Relax ©) the more you revise, the more you remember d) ‘Ihave a great memory. ) yourself often. 4) your brain doesn’t work well if you're stressed. 4) memory games often hy ‘I can’t remember things” 6 Drink plenty of water 7 Eat plenty of fish like salmon, and last but not least, 8 Recycle material frequently: Match these suggestions with the tips above. 1 [1] After reading a chapter of a book, tell yourself what it was about. 2 [1] Look at a picture for 30 seconds, cover it and describe it 3 [_] Don't criticise your memory. 4 [_] Tell yourself you're doing well 5 [_] At the end of the day, go through everything you've learnt that day. (SMSENAETSTENAUTD Find someone who does 4, 5, 6 or 7 in the memory tips. @ Memory games are a great way to exercise your brain, How well can you remember things you hear? Your teacher will give you instructions. ‘Right, you like playing cards and you ...? . 1931, Salvador Dali Search online and find the name of this painting. Ithas something to do with the subject of this lesson. What do you think the painting means? MUSIC Complete the title of this famous song from the 1950s. ‘remember it__. Search online. Which movie does it come from? Watch a video clip of the song. Who do you think remembered things correctly? Unit? 13 Vocabulary PLUS SUBJECTS 1 Put the letters in the correct order to make school or university subjects. Then match them with the pictures below. 1 L)smuci 6 [_|graphogey 2 [Jsmhat 7 Cislighen 3 [_]thysori 8 L wal 4 [)strops 9 [Jrat 5 [_] chooglyyps 10 [_Jeeennniiggr 2 6% ).16 Listen, check and repeat. Can you add two more subjects to the list? 3. What were your favourite / least favourite subjects at school? 4 PD) §2 1.17 Underline the /d3/ sound in the dialogue. Then listen, check and repeat. ‘A Which subjects are you going to study, George? Geography, engineering or languages? 8 Oh, languages, Julia. German and Japanese! UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS 5. Circle the one countable noun in this list. equipment furniture homework housework idea information knowledge music news stuff traffic advice @ REMEMBER We can use some / any or expressions like a bit of /a lot of .. (or Sometimes a piece of ... oran item of ...) with uncountable nouns. some advice, a bit of advice, alot of advice, a piece of advice (not an-edviee, twe-advices) We can use some in questions when we expect the answer to be yes, eg: Would you like some advice? 14 Unit 1 6 621.18 Complete the sentences with a /ot of some, any or much, then match 1-4 with " a-d to make dialogues. Listen and check. 1 Ohno! There's a) Yes, let's sell traffic! furniture. 2 Have you had b) Just a bit. But news? did housework! 3 There's too ©) No, we haven't stuff in had this room. information at al. 4 Did you do ) Do you want homework? ‘advice? Let’s walk! © FOCUS ON: up and down a Complete the questions with up or down, then ask a partner. 1 Have you ever been balloon? 2 Do you write remember them? 3 How often do you go online to look things ? ina hot-air new words to help you 4 Do you always slow at traffic lights? 5 Doyouget as soon as you wake in the morning? 6 What new activity would you like to take ? b Check the meaning of these verbs. Can you suggest two things for each verb? cool down cut up give up heat up pick up putdown put up turn down turn up You can give up smoking.” Yes, or you can give up chocolate.” Everyday English EXPRESSING OPINIONS Strong likes and dislikes 1 Can you name these like the smell of them? 195? Do you or don't you 2 €1.19Which smells in 1 are people talking about? Read and guess. Then listen and check. 1 really hate the smell of it. I's a horrible vegetable. It reminds me of school dinners. 2. | think it’s an absolutely wonderful smell first thing in the morning. | need a good strong cup before \ do anything. 3 [really like the smell of it when it’s cut. And I love walking on it without shoes. 4 I can't stand the smell of it. Or the taste. Especially salmon 5 | think it’s a gorgeous smell. The best! Especially when it’s frying in butter. 6 It's a really disgusting smell. Like dirty socks! I don’t know how people can eat it. 3 Underline the different ways of expressing opinions in 2. Which expressions are positive / negative? Which opinions do you agree with? 4 SWrite P (positive) or N (negative) next to each adjective. awful brilliant disgusting fantastic gorgeous horrible nasty terrible terrific wonderful 5 Number these modifiers from weakest (1) to strongest (5). really [quite [_] incredibly (absolutely abit 6 What smells do you really like or dislike? Tell a partner, using expressions from 2 and 4. ie) AGREEING AND DISAGREEING 7 6% 1.202 You are going to see or hear people giving their opinion about these things. Guess which adjectives they use to describe them. Then watch or listen and check. amazing cool dramatic silly stylish ugly uncomfortable 8 Which things do and don’t the people agree about? 9 Do we use these expressions to agree (V) or disagree (X)? Watch or listen again to check. Which one don’t you hear in the conversations? | don’t think so. ‘Actually, | think No, you're wrong. lagree. | disagree. Me too. Me neither. Really? Absolutely! 10 What do you think of the things in 7? Agree or disagree with your partner. ee De-stress! ‘ The smell of lavender is ‘ very relaxing. Put afew drops of oil on your pillow when you go to bed. Ay we don’t say ... we say ... Weit-a-moment-tsend- Wait a moment. I'm atext. sending a text Do-youwatch-always- Do you always watch that programme? that programme? Hbought-mea-new-dress: I bought myself a new dress enjoy ver-mich pining. ehiy playingieante very much, Unit? 15 Amazing... or crazy? ‘Grammar: past simple; past continuous ceFR | UNIT vocasutart:ife evens transport AVA2 FOCUS runcrions: telling stories Fauja Singh wasn’t a young man when he (do) the Toronto Marathon in October 2011. He 2 (be) a hundred years old — the fist centenarian ever to run ina marathon. He 2 (un) 42 kilometres in 8 hours, 25 minutes and 16 seconds, He didn’t come last, he 4 (come) 3,850"! People sometimes call Singh the "Turbaned Tornado’! He *__(be) born in India on 1 April 1911. After his wife®__ (de) in 1992, he (move) to the UK to live with his son. He was in his eighties but he didn’t want to sit at home all day, He * (want) to do something — so he * (take up) jogging He (become) famous in 2000 when y (finish) the London Marathon in 6 hours and 54 minutes, He was 89! The sportswear company, Adidas, * (use) Fauja for their Impossible is nothing’ publicity campaign. David Beckham and Lionel Messi _ (be) also part of the same campaign. When he runs marathons, Singh raises money for @ lot of children’s and babies’ charities ‘it's the oldest running for the youngest!” he says. READING GRAMMAR 1 1 Talk about the photo. 4 Complete the table with the past simple 1 What's unusual about this photo? affirmative form of the verbs. 3. What's he wearing? [be 4. How old do you think he is? Faujat Genin ine, = 2 Read the article above to find out why Fauja | Beckham and Messi = ance Singh became a marathon runner. Tegular / irregular verbs Ee 3. Match the words in bold in the article with the [ He? (want) to run a marathon, Hf correct meaning. He « (wear) turban. eee 1 start doing something regularly 2 a person aged 100 3 collects (money for a particular purpose) 4 go to live in a new place 5 a strong, fast wind that goes round in a circle 6 @ Cover the article. what happened in these years? Then read and check your answers. 11911 2 1992 3 2000 42011 5 Complete the article above with the past simpl of the verbs in brackets. 16 Unit 2 GRAMMAR 2 Complete the table with the past simple negative form of the verbs. Alea und singers. [regular / irregular verbs — (want) to go home. (wear) trainers, Find and underline two more examples of the past simple negative in the article on page 18. Correct the sentences. 1 Fauja Singh was born on 2" April He wasn’t born on 2™ April. He was born on I=" April He moved to the USA He lived with his daughter in the UK. He took up boxing. He became famous in 2011. He was part of a publicity campaign for Nike. aunwn GRAMMAR 3 Complete the table with the past simple question form of the verbs. Pee ey © PAGE 75 Write the questions for these answers. 1 When? In 1911. 2 When__?s In. 1992. 3 Why ? To live with his son 4 Who David Beckham, Lionel Messi and Fauja Singh. 5 When 2? In 2000. 6 No, he came 3,850". iiiue, De-stress! Be like Fauja Singh: don't moan about what you don't have, but be glad about ‘what you do have. 12 Circle the correct words then answer three of the questions. 1 Where was / did Fauja Singh from originally? 2 Why was /did he take up jogging in the first place? 3. Which marathon does / did he do in under seven hours? How old is / was he then? 4 Was / Did his time in Toronto faster or slower? Why? 5. What does / do ‘Impossible is nothing’ mean to you? 6 Why does /do you think Adidas chose Fauja Singh for their campaign? VOCABULARY AND SPEAKING Life events 13 61.2! Match verbs from A with words and phrases from B. How many expressions can you make? Then listen and check. a buy finish get go move into pass meet start ‘B} school / university a new job travelling anew flat my exams — my driving test my partner / boyfriend / girlfriend / husband / wife my first car engaged / married 14 Work in pairs. Play a guessing game. Write down three important events in your life and the years they happened. Take turns to say one of your years. Your partner has three questions to guess what happened that year. STUDENT A: STUDENT B: "20137 “Did you finish university?” ‘No? “Did you pass your driving test?” “No, I didn’t? Did you get a new job?? ‘No, | cycled across Cubal? 15. In groups of three, you have three minutes to agree on three things that: you would all like to do when you're in your eighties. ‘can help you live a long and happy life. 16 So how does Fauja Singh do it? What's his secret? Find out on page 65. ‘%% Did you know? People say that a French woman, Jeanne Calment, is the oldest person who ever lived. She rode her bike until she was 100 and she was 122 when she died on 4" August, 1997. What were her secrets? Olive oil, port wine... and a kilo of chocolate a week! XPLORE Find out about another centenarian. What is their secret? unit2 17 18 Lesson 2 He was swimming when . Would you like to go around the world alone? f , 26-year-old Jason Lewis eft Greenwich in London, to travel around the world using his own ‘power’. He didn’t want to use any powered transport ~ not even 2 sailing boat — so first he went across the Channel and south to Lagos in Portugal in his pedal boat, Moksha, and then he pedalled his boat across the Atlantic to Miami. He rollerbladed all the way ‘across North America to San Francisco, then pedalled his boat again across the Pacific Ocean to T Australia. He rode his mountain - bike from Cooktown to Darwin via Alice Springs, then travelled by | bike and kayak through Indonesia to Singapore. He cycled and walked all the way to Mumbai through the Himalayas, then pedalled Moksha across the Indian Ocean. From Djibouti, he cycled and kayaked through Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt and Syria to Turkey. After rowing across the Bosphorus, he cycled through Bulgaria, Romania, Austria and Germany to Belgium and the Channel Unit 2 He finally got back to London on 6” October, 2007 years after setting off So why did it take him so long? Well, he had problems. A car crashed into him while he was rollerbladi the USA and broke both his legs. Jason had to stayin ost for six weeks and couldn't travel for nine months. While Jason was swimming across a river in Aust, 3 crocodile attacked him! While he was travelling in the Pci region, he caught malaria. And the Egyptian police costed him while he was kayaking across Lake Nasser. They thought he was a spy, because he was crossing the border from Sudan to Egypt. When he came out of prison, he continued cjding through Egypt then Europe and home to London. But in the end, in spite of the problems, Jason did it. He became the first person ever to go around the world on human power alone. 74,842 kilometres! it was a crazy but amazing journey. VOCABULARY Transport 1 691.22 Match the words with the pictures. Then listen and check. GRAMMAR Complete the table. camper van car ferry cruise ship fishing boat hot-air balloon mountain bike ‘firmatl rescue helicopter roller blades school bus a tcioeni While Jason * ‘across a river, a bg a crocodile ® him negative He’ in Europe when he * ar 2 Ask and answer the questions. 1. Which things in 1 have @ motor? Which things have pedals? Which don’t have either? 2. Which have you been in or on? READING 3 Look at the photos on page 18 and the title of the article. What do you think the article is about? 4 Read the article to confirm your predictions in 3. 5 @ Cover the article. Use these headings to make a list of items you remember, then read and check your answers. forms of transport countries oceans health problems cities 6 Talk about the questions. 1. How old was Jason when he got back to the UK? 2 Which direction did he travel in: east to west or west to east? 3 Which two continents did't he cross? 4 How do you think he got malaria? 5_Jason visited a lot of places. Which ones would / wouldn't you like to go to? 7 PDQ 1.23 Match the irregular past simple verbs with the same vowel sound. Then listen and check. Find and underline five of these verbs in the article. caught could got heard knew rang rode said shut flew hurt lost read sang stole thought took _ won 10 " 12 13 14 © PAGE 75 Find and underline three more examples of the past continuous in the article. Circle the correct words to complete the rules. 1. We use the past continuous / past simple to talk about something that was in progress in the past. 2 We use the past continuous / past simple to talk about an action or situation in the past that finished and is over. 3 We use while / when with the past continuous and while / when with the past simple. Write sentences about these travellers. 1 Jason Lewis / catch / malaria / travel / Pacific 2 Helen Thayer / cross / Antarctica / celebrate / 60" birthday 3 Freya Stark / have / accident / work / factory / Italy 4 Ellen MacArthur / sail / South Atlantic / almost / hit / whale 5 Ranulph Fiennes / walk / North Pole / fingers / freeze Work in pairs. Find out more about two of the famous travellers above. stuDENT A: Look at page 62. sTuDENT B: Look at page 64. EXPLORE Find out about an interesting traveller from your country. SPEAKING AND WRITING Read the article again and mark Jason’s route on a map of the world. See page 66. Check your route with a partner. Double-check places online if you need to. Use sequencers: first, then, finally, etc. “OK. First, he went from London to Lisbon? 4No, not Lisbon. Lagos! Yes, you're right. Sorry. Then ...¥ Write a paragraph explaining where Jason went and what he did. unit 2 19 20 Lesson 3 Why was she wearing a mask? CUBA LISTENING 1 1 You are going to hear two people talking about Diana Nyad, the swimmer in the photo. Which of these words do you expect to hear? What connects them? jellyfish mask rough boots cage calm bodysuit wind shark sting storm wave 2 68 1.24 Listen and check your ideas in 1. Then answer the questions. 1. What was Diana Nyad the first person to do in 20137 2 How old was she at the time? 3 How long did it take her? 4 What was she wearing and why? 5 How many times did she try? 6 What went wrong the times before? Unit 2 3 @ Cover the questions in 2. Use your to reconstruct them. Then look and ch Listen and correct one word in na’s messages. 1 We should never, ever get up. 2 You'te never too old to chase you 3 It looks like a solitary sport, but iti 5 LEETINEA Talk about the questions. 1 Can you explain what the messag 2 How do they relate to Diana Nyad pe 3. Do you think they are useful me life by? 4 Can you suggest any additional messages? 42 LISTENING 2 6 63 1.26 Listen to a conversation about a woman called Rosie Swale Pope. In what ways is she similar to / different from Diana Nyad? fen again. Are these sentences true or false? Rosie’s tun was for charity She slept in a tent every night. Her support team followed her. She had no communication with people at home. The trip took longer than she thought. 6 This was Rosie's first adventure, 1 2 3 4 5 8 @ What do these numbers refer to in the conversation? Suggest an answer, then listen again and check. 57 2° October, 2003 2008 5 metres 30,000 kilometres S years “Fifty-seven. That's Rosie’s age” ‘Yes, she was 57 when she began her journey.” 9 @ write notes about these things in the conversation. 1 Rosie's husband 2 Rosie's home while she was travelling 3 Rosie's son, James 4 Rosie's other adventures GRAMMAR 10 Complete the table with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. PAST CONTINUOUS v PAST SIMPLE: QUESTIONS What'_____(happen) while Rosie 2 | (run) in Siberia? What * Rosie +__~Gip) on some ice? (do) when she © PAGE 75 " 12 13 Write questions about Ro: 1. What / happen / Rosie / run / Siberia? 2 Where / Rosie / run / she / slip / ice? 3. What / she / do / bus / knock her down? 4 What / happen / she / not eat much? 5 What / happen / she / sleep / Alaska? 63 | 2) Match these answers with the questions in 11. Then listen and check. 2) She nearly froze in her sleeping bag. b) She became weak and fell il ©) Some wolves ran with her for a week. d) She was running in Iceland. €) She was crossing a road in Russia. was having dinner at eight o'clock last night. was watching TV at ten o'clock last night. was still in bed at nine o'clock on Sunday morning, was doing their homework just before the lesson. \d someone who: If the answer is no, find out what that person was doing. So, what were you doing just before the lesson?” ART See page 67 The Weve (or The Bathers), 1897-1903 Many people think this sculpture is by Rodin. But it isn’t. Do you know who it’s by? Check online and find out more about her. MUSIC Some people say this was the first ever heavy metal song. What year was it? What's the last word in the title? ‘Born to be : Check online. What's the name of the famous cult movie? How were the riders travelling and where were they going? Unit2 21 Vocabulary PLUS Fe PLACES 1 S Write the places in the correct column. Add the where necessary. ‘Andes Egypt" Havana* Himalayas* Indian Ocean* London* Miami* Mount Everest Mount Fiji Orinoco Pyrenees South Atlantic’ Titicaca UK USA* Vesuvius Erie Geach Mut acer Een 2 @ These places (*) in 1 are mentioned in this 8 unit. Can you remember the connection? 3. Look at the places in 1. Circle the correct words to complete the rule for using the. 1 We normally use / don’t use ‘the’ wit ies, a words from A and B continents, mountains and lakes. 2 We use / don’t use ‘the’ with seas, oceans, rivers, mountain ranges, groups of islands, deserts and countries that consist of several words. 4 P3)62 1.28 Say the names of these rivers. b . h two or mor How do you pronounce the — /da/ or /0i:/? a Listen and check. What is the rule? 5 the Amazon the Danube the Indus the Mekong the Nile the Orinoco the Rhine the Volga the Yangtze | {2 EXPLORE Search online to find out which countries the rivers in 4 go through. ORDINAL NUMBERS 5-69 129 Say and write these numbers. Then © FOCUS ON: come listen and check. a faa 2 10 Replace the words in italics with expressions s a with come. Then listen and check. 2H 6 100 sees cel ae lear 7a aye 1 A Oh, hello again! That was quick! 8 Yes, I returned for my glasses. | left them in the 6 Say these dates. Look back to find out what kitchen they referred to in the unit. 2 a Enter! ... Enter! 1 V April, 1911 8 | can't enter! The door’s locked! 2 4° August, 1997 3 al was top of my class in English. 3 6*October, 2007 8 Oh, well done! That's brilliant! | was bottom! 4 a Hurry up! It's time to leave. os 8 Yes! know, | know. I'm on my way! 22 Unit 2 Re Everyday Englis TELLING STORIES 131 Number the sentences in the correct order to make the beginning of a story. Then listen and check. a) [_] They were coming closer and closer. b)(_] It was raining hard and the streets were empty. LI panicked and started to run. 4) [_] Suddenly, | heard footsteps behind me, ) ] They were right behind me and then ) C1 was walking home alone after the cinema 4g) The footsteps ran too. h) [1] Itwas a dark and stormy night. i) () My heart was beating faster and faster. (IBLE Work in pairs. What do you think happened next? Write an ending to the story. & 122 Listen to the complete story. How does it end? How similar or different is the ending to yours? Which ending do you think is more exciting? Practise inventing ideas. Suggest at least two endings for these sentences. 1 The train was just leaving the station when 2 The old lady was queuing patiently at the cashpoint when 3 The young man was busily texting a friend in the street when Create an original group story. Each person adds a sentence. Try to include an adverb too. Begin your story: ‘41 was driving slowly along a lonely road.? ‘it was snowing heavily? “suddenly | saw ...? 2 1.33 Ci Read the introduction below and watch or listen to the interview. Note down the woman's answers. Do you think she stole the painting? Why? / Why not? At the same time as the woman was walking home from the cinema last night, around 9pm, somebody stole a very famous painting from the national art gallery. The police are interviewing a suspect. Write the detective’s questions. Watch or listen again and check. 1. What / you / do? 2 What / you / watch? 3. What /he / do? 10 Work in pairs. Read the introduction. You and your partner are animal activists. Last night, also around 9pm, you both went to the research laboratory and let out all the rabbits. The police suspect you because you have done this, before. They are going to arrive very soon to ask you some questions 1.34 Make up an alibi for between 8 and 10pm last night. Listen to the questions to help you create your story. Don't write down your story ~ you must remember it. Work with another pair. Take turns to interview each person separately. Your teacher will tell you what to do. we don't say ... Fauja was coming 3,850" Jeson-was-having-e-fotof Jason had a lot of problems while he was we say ... Fauja came 3,850" travelling travelling. Diane-swam-during-53- Diana swam for 53 Fouts: hours. ftrainedwhen-Heft: It was raining when | left unit 2 23 Units a 22 Review A single mum Seen ia ere anos aane Day? Her name was Amanda Foster and she won an award for her performance. ‘Amanda's own life could be the subject of an interesting film. She didn’t grow up with her parents = she spent her childhood in children’s homes. By the age of 21, she had three children of her own. It was difficult to find a full-time job with three young children but she worked as a part-time teacher, a par time model and a film extra. Then, one day in 1991, when she was working as an extra in Patriot Games, a Harrison Ford film, she hear someone say: "You know, there aren't any black stunt women in the UK: It was a moment that changed Amanda's life, There and then, she decided to train tc be a stunt actor. It took her six years. Why did it take her so long? Well, she had to become qualified in a lot of different activities such as fighting, falling, riding, driving, swimming and diving. She also had to work at the same time because she had no financial help. And dangerous activity na fm] finally, of course, she had three young children to look ———— after. When she started her training, Aaron was nine BSS a aaa eee Azizi seven and Femi five. So it wasn’t easy. At one point she thought that she wasn't going to succeed SPEAKING AND READING but she carried on, ‘And she did it! In 1997 she got her first role as the 1 Talk about the photos above. stunt double for Whoopi Goldberg in A Knight in Cametot ‘Amanda is now 46 and her children, who are 30, 28 and 26, are all very proud of their mum. Her GLOSSARY stunt 1 Can you suggest five words connected with each of the photos? 2 Which photo appeals to you most and why? : grandchildren think she's wonderful too. They love coe en ee eee enon climbing trees with her and jumping into rivers. A\ i 2 right became the woman on the left they have fun riding bikes and motorbikes with I 2. Read the article and see if you were right about too. She's a brilliant ‘action gran’! question 3 above. 3. Read the article again and answer the questions. 1 In what ways was Amanda’ life dificult GRAMMAR a) asa child? b) as an adult? 5 Cover the article and complete the sent es 2 Why did her training take six years? with the correct form of the verb in bra: ts. 3. What do her children and grandchildren think of fiernau? 1 Amanda (be) the mother of children by the age of 21 4 Are these sentences true or false? Correct the 2 She wcrc) Bea fch Get Whe ahe false sentences. (hear) something that changed her if 1 Amanda always wanted to be a stunt actor, 3. That was the moment she (decide) t0 2 She had her children late in life. train to be a stunt actor. 3 She had several jobs when her children were ait (take) her six years, but she young (do) it 4 She always believed she was going to be 5 Her grandchildren (think) she’s successful wonderful 5 She isn't very active now that she’s a grandmother. 6 She (love) (climb) trees with them. 24 Units 1&2 REVIEW 6 Write questions for these answers from the article on page 26. 1 Three, 2 Six. 3 In 1997 4 Forty-six 5 Sixteen, (You may have to think about this one!) 6 I don’t know. SPEAKING AND WRITING 7 Think about the questions, then talk with other people. 1 Amanda Foster heard something in 1991 and it changed her life. Can you remember what it was? 2 Has something ever changed your life? What was it and what difference did it make to you? What were you doing at the time? 3 Has anyone ever changed your life? Who was it and in what way did your life change? What were you doing at the time? 8 Write a short paragraph in answer to question 2 or 3 above. T was just waking along the road to the supermarket when Complete the short text with the correct prepositions. Houdini the handcuff king Harry Houdini was one'__ the most famous stun performers the world, He was bor 24” March, 1874, Budapest, Hungary, but his family moved the USA when he was a child, Houdini stated his career a professional magician but he became well-kn his amazing locked rooms and locked boxes, handcuf escapes, Houdini could escape ind he could get ven if he was ater prisons, or chains ss ULTURE SOTIAL ETIQ TE a Match the advice with the correct country. Argentina Greece Japan. South Korea Russia If someone invites you t tothelr house for dinner | in another culture, iis | sometimes hard toknow =f What to do, and what not to do, Here's some advice. 1 Arrive on time or five minutes late at the most. When you give or receive a present, give a small bow as a sign of respect. And make sure you have a present for everyone who's there. If you haven't, then don’t give one at all. 2 It's good to arrive at least 30 minutes late. Take an expensive wine, flowers or whisky as a gift. Don’t leave any food on your plate — finish everything. And try to join in the dances! 3 Always take a small gift for your hostess and also for any children in the house. It is rude to say no to offers of food and drink, but it's good to leave food on your plate — it means you have eaten well 4 Arrive 30-60 minutes late ~ it isn’t polite to arrive on time. Take flowers, sweets, chocolates or a bottle of something nice. If someone gives you a gift, open it at once and show you're pleased. 5. Take a gift wrapped in bright colourful paper and use both hands to give it. If you receive a wrapped gift, you should use both hands to receive it, but don't open it immediately. Open it later when you are on your own. Note: In many countries, especially in Asia ‘toasts’ are important. The host raises his glass and says welcome or thank you to someone, Guests should not drink before this toast. b Do you agree with the advice for these countries? Can you add any more? Search online if necessary. ¢ What advice would you give a visitor to your country who comes to your house for dinner? REVIEW Units 1&2 25 Work and its problems | Lesson 1 I'm going to leave my job. © v oe = You first! Do you enjoy your work or is it just something you do for money? VOCABULARY Work 1 GEETINEA Talk about the photo. 1 What do the smiling faces on the cards mean? 2 Why are the people in the photo holding these cards? What are they really saying? 2 631.25 G Read the statements and check the meaning of the words in bold. Then listen and repeat. 1 A good salary is more important than an interesting job. 2 It's good to be employed but if you're unemployed, it isn’t a problem. 3 It's good to get on with your colleagues but if you don’t, that’s OK. 4 Experience in a job is more important than qualifications. 5 People in business earn more money than other people 6 Your boss is one of the most important people in your life. 7 Most people would like to be self-employed. 3. Work in pairs. Tick the statements above you agree with. 26 Unit 3 UNIT 9taMmar: going to; ver + inintive; present continuous for future use wil future VOCABULARY: work; professions; future time expressions AZ FOCUS runcrions: giving instructions; making requests; instant decisions and promises READING AND SPEAKING Talk about the photo on page 27. Use these words to help you. ask for arise assistant at work manager discuss a project 1 Where is the conversation happening? 2. What is the relationship between the two people? 3. What do you think they are talking about? Read the article A clear plan. Check the meaning of the words in bold. What is Jack’s problem? Read the article again and answer the questions. 1 What does the travel agency do? 2 What does Jack do as part of his job? 3. How long is Jack going to stay in his job? 4. How does Jack feel about his work and w 5 Why isn’t the company doing well? TEETINEA Discuss what you think Jack should do. Use these ideas to help you. stay, but look for another job leave and look for another job ask for a rise stay because he enjoys his job get an evening job as well 4 think he should stay but look for another job.” A clear plan Twenty-si-year-old Jack Irvin works for a travel agency that plans long trips to exciting places. He's the assistant to the company manager and travels as part of his job. For example, next month he's going to spend a week in the “Amazonian rainforest and the following month he's going to visit some hotels in Nepal. Jack believes that it’ important to have a career plan and he has one. He's going to stay in the job for another ‘two years. Then he'd love to leave and travel for a year but itcan be hard to find a job these days — several of his friends are unemployed. So he plans to study in the evenings and get more business qualifications. Then he intends to start an online travel agency with a friend who has business experience. Jack enjoys his work because he loves travel and gets on well with his colleagues, but his salary isn’t good. He'd like ‘to-ask for more money but he knows the company isn't doing very well because alot of people now plan their holidays online. He doesn’t think that they can afford to give him arse GRAMMAR 1 Cae) |affirmative | I'm going to get more qualifications | 8 Underline the sentences with going to in the article. Is this statement true or false? We use going to to refer to plans and intentions in the future. 9 Write questions and answers with going to. 1 Where / Jack / spend a week / next month? 2 What / Jack / do / Nepal? 3 Jack / stay / job / a long time? 4 How / Jack / get / more business qualifications? 5 Why / he / not / travel / year? 6 Jack / ask for a rise? GRAMMAR 2 aan tends to start a business next year. fe can't afford to buy a new house. 10 " 12 13 Are these sentences about Jack true or false? Correct the false sentences. 1 Jack can afford to buy all the things he wants. 2 He plans to stay with the travel agency for a year. 3 He hopes to get a better job. 4 He intends to work with his brother. 5 Jack's company agreed to give him a rise. Write true sentences using the verbs in 10. Next week I plan to .. Then I intend EXPLORE Find out more online about career plans and how to develop them. SPEAKING Work in pairs. Look at page 66. Take turns to talk about your jobs and career plans for the next two years. If you don’t have a job, talk about someone you know well. “What do you do? 41 work in a supermarket? Do you have a career plan?” Did you know? People find 80% of jobs through networking. More people say they're ill on Friday than on any other day. When people leave their jobs, 40% say itis because of stress at work. Unit3 27 28 I'm flying to LA tomorrow. 1 GS Look at the photos and these words and answer questions 1-5. actor businessman cameraman criminal detective director editor journalist lawyer photographer police officer producer soldier writer Do you watch a lot of crime drama? MMe eee ee, ‘A seriptwriter’s life /ear-old scriptwrity It’s 6.30 on Monday morning and 32. Renata Gonzalez is sitting at her desk, drinking a cup of strong coffee and working on her TV script. She and three other scriptwriters are writing a crime drama for a TV company; Renata is writing episodes two and six, Inthe first two months of the project, Renata did a lot of research and talked to police officers, detectives, lawyers and criminals too! She has already written one version of episode two and the editors liked it but they've asked fora lot of changes. Renata has o send the new seriptto her editor by Tuesday afternoon atthe latest. She's feeling stressed because she isn’t sure the script is going to be ready by then. Renata lives in San Francisco and the TV company is in Los Angeles, so on Thursday is lying to LA. She's staying in @ hotel and the next morning at nine the producers, editors and writers are ening, Renata having a big meeting. They're going to discuss the stories, for the next three episodes. Then in the afternoon, at three, Renata is meeting her editor, Marilyn, and they*re going to look at the changes to episode two. Renata is at all sure about some of the changes and wants to dis them with Marilyn, ‘There is alot of competition in the scriptwriting world and the editors aren’t happy with one of the « scriptwriters’ episodes. Last night someone told Re that the producers are going to ask her to rewrite it they think she’s the most creative person on the writin; ‘The problem is that the scriptwriter, Tony, is a goc friend of hers. ‘What am I going to do?” Renata 3 herself. She has no idea aaa aaa aaa ak 1 Which word doesn't refer to a job? 2 Which words are connected with crime? Why? 3. Which people are in each photo? 4 Which people work together? 5 Which photo doesn’t show a real crime scene? 2 Circle the schwa /a/ sound(s) in the words in 1. Then listen and check. Which word doesn’t have the schwa sound? READING Which of these words do you expect to find in an article about a scriptwriter's life? change cliff competition creative crime drama criminal do research editor episode forest island project. rewrite version Read the article on page 28. Were your answers to 3 correct? Read the article again. Find answers to these questions as quickly as you can. 1. What is Renata doing right now? 2 When did Renata do a lot of research? 3. What version of episode two is Renata writing now? Why? 4 When must Renata send her new si editor? 5 What is happening on Friday? 6 Why are the producers going to ask Renata to rewrite Tony's episode? 7 What is Renata's problem? pt to her Talk about the questions. 1. Would you like to be a scriptwriter? 2 What do you think Renata should do about her problem with Tony? GRAMMAR I'm having lunch with a colleague tomorrow. When are you flying to LA? — On Thursday evening, Look at the grammar box. Underline sentences in the article on page 28 that refer to the future and name the tenses. Tick the statements that are true. 1 We use the present continuous to talk about what is happening now. 2 We use the present continuous and a future time expression to talk about future arrangements. 3 We use going to to talk about future plans and intentions. 4. There is a big difference between going to and the present continuous for future use: 1'm going to discuss the problem with a friend (tomorrow). 1'm discussing the problem with a friend tomorrow. 9 @ Ask and answer questions about Renata’s arrangements for the week. Agree on the answers and write her diary. Then read the article again and check your answers. “What's Renata doing on Tuesday?” “She's sending the script to her editor. 10 Find someone who: is travelling by train next week isn’t having a meeting tomorrow afternoon. is working very early tomorrow. is staying in a hotel soon. isn't working at the weekend, WRITING AND SPEAKING 11 Complete the email with one or two words in each gap. Sometimes the first letters of a word are given to help you. from:me 20:51 (1? minutes ago} to:LisalH w te Bar Hi Lisa | think we need 1 ‘a meeting next week about our new pr. How about» ‘on Monday 28at 1.004 lunch? 1 5___t0 Spain on Wednesday afternoon, lunch tomorrow at | Also, we have a new Sed called Mike Cooper. Mike and I” 12.30. Are you free then? He some very interesting research at the moment and is ® tell us about it. i ‘Can | have your answer today ~ thanks! | Jerry and answer his 12 Reply to Jerry's email. Thank questions. You can't meet him or Mike on the dates he suggests. Explain why and say sorry ‘Suggest new arrangements. 13 Act out your reply in 12 as a telephone conversation. De-stress! Halfway between your eyebrows and your hair are anti-stress acupressure points. Gently ‘massage them for a few seconds and you will feel less stressed. unit 3 29 30 Will they like this? 1 Talk about the questions. 1 Do you watch a lot of comedy on TV? 2. Which shows and comedians do you like? 3. What does a ‘stand-up comedian’ do? 2. Which things are generally true of a comedian’s job? Which things are true of an actor's job? Write C (comedian) and / or A (actor). a) They travel and perform all over the country. b) They don’t have a regular salary. ) They need people to laugh. d) They work with a group of people. ) They write their own scripts f) They don’t need any qualifications. 49) They don’t have a nine-to-five job or regular working hours. h) They stand up on the stage. 3 Listen to a stand-up comedian talking about his work. Number the things in 2 about the comedian in the order that you hear them. 4 Complete the extract from the comedian’s talk, Then listen and check. Itisn’t an easy job. You write your You think: will the audience * this? Yes, it's funny. ‘And they'll? this. Mmm, maybe they won't like this‘ __. What about this one? Will they like it? Yes, they will! I think they’Il® it, But you can be sure. You tell yourself: I" do well, it willbe’____. But the problem is, every*__ is different, Are you good at affirmative) I'll negatives |) They won't like th questionss Will they like it? Yes, they will they won't Underline sentences with will in the extract in 4, Then circle the correct use of will to complete the rule. We use will + verb to make a prediction / ta future plans and intentions. Complete the text with the correct form © will and the verbs in brackets. Next week | have to write a long report for my manager. It ' (take) quite a lo: time and it® (not be) easy. | neec to finish it by Friday and that * ( difficult because | have a lot of other work ‘ (1 enjoy) doing it? No, 1® There isn’t anything very interesting in the But | (feel) great on Saturday Think of a work task you have to do. Describe to your partner and make predictions about it. Use the text in 6 to help you. VOCABULARY Time expressions 8 Which of these time expressions are different ways of saying the same thing? tomorrow the day after tomorrow the next (day) — the (week) after that the following (month) 9. Write dates using time expressions from 8. Tomorrow is November Ir". The following day is November 2™4 10 Use one of the time expressions in 8 and make predictions about where people will be. They must correct you if you're wrong. “Saturday is October 29%. The following day at 6pm you'll be at work.” 4No, | won't, Ill be at home.” LISTENING 2 11. Work in pairs. Close your books and think of two problems a comedian might have. 12. Read problems a-g and check your ideas. a) Audiences don’t always like them. b) They travel a lot. ©) Travel is boring. 4) Travel isn’t good for relationships. e) The money isn’t great. 4) Nothing is certain about work. 4g) The working hours aren’t regular. 13. §2 1.39 Now listen and tick the problems the comedian mentions. 14 Listen again and answer the questions. 1. What is the comedian doing this week and next week? 2 Where is he working the week after that? 3 Where will he be the following week? 4 Why will he be there? 5 Where will he be the week after that? SPEAKING 15. Work in groups of four or five. Take turns to talk about your job and say why you enjoy / don’t enjoy it. Write down one or two predictions about each person's job. 41 think Lin will stay in her job for two years and then she'll become a comedian!? 16 Read out your predictions and discuss them. “Our predictions are the same, Lin. That's interesting.” “Sorry, | don’t think your predictions are right, Chen.” 17 Look at the cartoon and talk about the questions. 1 What's the comedian’s problem? 2 How often do you think this happens? 3. What do you think the comedian is thinking? 18 Read out your ideas for question 3 above. Vote for the class favourite. (PLORE Search online for a video clip of your favourite comedian. Find a joke you can tell the class. ART See page 67 Three's Comedy, 2011, Bill Manson What did the people in this painting do, and what were they called? Check online MUSIC Bobby McFerrin sang this song in 1988. Complete the line, which is the same as the title. Here's a litle song | wrote You might want to sing it note for note Don't Search online for the lyrics and watch the video. What does McFerrin say happens when you worry? And what should you do when you worry? Unit 3 31 Vocabulary PLUS VERB + INFINITIVE 1 Match the conversations with the pictures above. There is one extra conversation. 1A You always seem to be very busy. 8 lam very busy, | have far too much work. | just can’t manage to do it all 2 A Martin, I need you to work late this evening, I'm afraid. 8 Sorry, Chia, | refuse to work late again. I've worked late all week. 3 A John, you promised to do this work by ‘Tuesday. It’s just not good enough! 8 I'm so sorry — | expected to finish it today, but | forgot to do it. 4A I've spoken to the personne! department and arranged to give you a rise, Lola. ® Brilliant! Thanks! When will | get it? 2 PD 2 1.40 Listen to the sentences. Can you hear the ‘d’ at the end of each verb? 1 You promised to do it. 2 I've arranged to give you a rise. 3 | managed to do it 3 Pd) Listen again and repeat the sentences, 4. Work in pairs, Write three short conversations using some of the verbs in bold in 1. Then work with two other pairs and practise your conversations. 32 Unit 3 SIMILAR WORDS 5 Explain the difference (if any) between the words in ics. I have a part-time / full-time job. My work /job is very interesting. I'm lucky, | have a good career /job. My salary /pay isn’t very good. 5. I'm out of work / at work, but not for long, | hope. 6 The man over there is my employer / employee, i 1 2 3 4 6 Talk about your job using the words in 5. © FOCUS ON: Phrasal verbs a Check the meaning of these phrasal verbs, then complete the paragraph with the correct form of the verbs. work for deal with go in look for work on work out 1___a big IT company as a project manager. It's « interesting, well-paid job but it’s hard work.1?__ at nine and try to leave at six but | often have to work lat ‘At the moment I'm 2 a really difficult project. | have to a lot of problems and it can be diffic. to# the answers. In a year or two | plan to ‘ another job. b Ask and answer the questions. 1 Is it better to work for a big company or a small one? 2 Ifyou work for a company, what time do you go in? Do you often stay late? 3. What are you working on at the moment? 4 Do you enjoy dealing with problems and working out the answers? 5. When did you last have to look for a job? Everyday English GIVING INSTRUCTIONS; MAKING REQUESTS 1 We often use the verbs in bold to give instructions and make requests. Which two sentences are the least polite? 1. We want you to think about this very carefully 2 don’t need you to do it immediately, but please give me a date 3. Can you ask Yoko to come to my office as soon as possible? 4 When you see John, tell him not to worry 5 Teach him to use that machine, please! Or ask Ali to teach him. 6 I'd like you to come in to work this Saturday. You decide the time. 7 We expect you to be on time every day. 8 Order him to stop it now! 9 Could you help me to finish this sometime? Thanks! 2 Work in groups. Make requests and give instructions using the verbs in bold in 1. The other students must respond with an action or areply. 3. Look at the photos and answer the questions. 1 What do you think the manager, Luke, asks the office worker, Mehmet, to do? 2 What does Luke tell the workers at the coffee machine to do? 4 §1.4)Ci Watch or listen and check your answers. ao USEFUL EXPRESSIONS 5 Complete the first part of the conversation with these words and phrases. that’s a promise sure thing no problem letme think pretty first thing take a look tue Could you ' at this document, Mehmet? MEHMET 2 Luke When can you do it? It’s * urgent. MEHMET I'm very busy today.¢ ‘can look at it ® tomorrow. Is that ok? LUKE That's fine but | need you to write a report on it by Friday. MEHMET & You'll have it on Friday, Watch or listen again and check your answers. INSTANT DECISIONS AND PROMISES instant decision | It's late. I'll go home. know we have a meeting promise tomorrow — | won't be late. Look at transcript 1.41 on page 81. Find and underline the sentences with will. Which are a) an instant decision b) a promise ©)a prediction? Work in pairs. stupent a: Read out a sentence from 1. stuent 8: Reply. Make an instant decision and / or a promise. Awe don't say... we say... olan get more {plan to get more qualifications: qualifications. tdecided-yesterday-t' | decided yesterday. I'm leave my job. leaving my job. think you're doing well | think you'll do well tomorrow: tomorrow. Yell-Carmen-don'twory: Tell Carmen not to worry. Unit 3 33 How we live UNIT Sramman: present perfect v past simple; for and since; already, yet, just — VOCABULARY: technology; household items; household tasks 2 FOCUS runctions: opening and closing a conversation How many hours a day do you spend online? Opposites attract! By DAN GREEN FERGUS AND | have been friends for a long time but we're very different in our attitudes to technology. I'm a journalist: | know I spend too much time online - face-to-face contact is important! But technology is a wonderful tool and | can't imagine life without it. Fergus, an artist, is the complete opposite. He has never used a computer. Five years ago a friend gave him an old desktop computer and he put it at the back of a cupboard. Has, Fergus ever used a mobile phone? Yes, he has — he called me on one yesterday. But he never texts with it. ‘Phone calls are so much more personal,’ he says. How does Fergus survive without the internet? I've no idea, but he does! rab no Rechnophabe (Ties tenn ho Ujvanced technolOB> specially VOCABULARY Technology Fergus doesn’t understand what Facebook is and he hasn't watched anything on Your: 1. Read the definition above. Do you know anyone who He thinks it's wrong to use an e-reader bec is a technophobe? it isn’t good for publishers. He has read a biog ~ last week | showed him my latest one OK, that's enough about Fergus ~ I mus‘ set back on Twitter! Follow me online #dan 2 Read the quiz below and check the meaning of the words in bold. Do you have more IT gadgets and equipment than most people? 2 Can you imagine life without an e-reader? 3. When you buy or download a new piece of software or hardware, do you learn how to use it q\°kls? ‘ocial networking sites such as Facebook to you? How in Do you read blogs? Do you write one? Do you spend a lot of time online googling information? When a computer or printer has a problem, can you put it right without help? portant are 3 Do the quiz with a partner. Then give each other a mark out of seven. Seven means you're very good with technology. 34 Unit 4 READING 4 Read the article on page 34 and describe Fergus and Dan in one or two sentences. 5 @ what did you find out about Fergus and these things? Talk about them, then read and check your answers. 1 computers 2 mobile phones 3 text messages 4 YouTube 5 blogs 6 GEETDMS Ask and answer the questions. 1 Why does Fergus think i's wrong to use an e-reader? Do you agree? 2 Do you think it’s better to call people than to text? GRAMMAR 7 Find examples of the present perfect and past ple in the article. Then complete the table with the correct words. Pee asiec ee eee affirmative | Fergus | used 2 mobile. He? watched anything on YouTube. 3 Fergus read a blog? Yes, he has. /No he ¢ | 5 you ever written a blog? | No.1 never written a blog, affirmative | Fergus ’ negative | He®. 2 mobile yesterday text Dan yesterday. questions | When ® Fergus Dan's | BAL Blog oss cath as on ill © PAGE 76 8 Underline the past participles in the table above. What is the infinitive of each verb? 9. Complete the rules with the correct tense. 1 We use the to talk about the past in general, without giving details 2 We use the to say when something happened, or give details. 3 We use ever and never with the %* Did you know? Ina survey of 12,000 people aged 18 and older in eight countries, 60% of young adults said people need technology too much. 70% said it is {good for personal relationships. Italians and Japanese are the most negative about it LISTENING AND SPEAKING 10 (E(ULSEEY What do you think has happened in each photo? your ideas. 12 Listen again and make notes about how you think each conversation ends. 13. Work in groups. Discuss your ideas and decide which ending is the best. 14 Write questions with ever. 1 publish / book online? 2 send / email / wrong person? 3 receive / text / stranger? 4 write / a blog? 5 ty//online dating? 6 lose / mobile phone? 15 Find someone who has done the things in 14. Write two more questions. When someone answers ‘yes’, ask them to give more details. 16 Work in groups. Talk about this statement from the article. Technology is @ wonderful too! and I can’t imagine life without it 1 Do you agree with the statement? 2 Do you think it’s easy to survive without the internet today? 3 Is technology good for personal relationships? How important is face-to-face contact? Unit 4 35 Lesson 2 Have you ever had a dream? READING AND SPEAKING Work in pairs. Read the short text and talk about your dream. Do you have a dream, something you would really love to happen in your life that is difficult to achieve? For example, would you like to buy a holiday cottage in beautiful countryside, like in photo 1 above? Perhaps your dream is to start a charity for homeless teenagers. Or maybe you'd love to be an. international footballer or a musician, What's your dream? 2 Read the article on page 37 quickly and answer the questions. 1 What was Georgina’s dream? 2 Did she achieve it? 3. Find words or phrases in the article that mean 1 slowly began to understand 2 people who have always lived in Greenland, Canada and Alaska 3 ended their relationship 4. use or have something at the same time as someone else 5 very small 36 Unit 4 4 @ Answer the questions about the photos in this lesson. Then read the article again and check your answers. PHOTO 1 Where is this town and what did Georgina do there? PHOTO 2 Which city is this and when was Georgina there? PHOTO 3 Where is this house and how many bedrooms and bathrooms does it have? PHOTO 4 What does the man in this photo PHOTO 5 What kind of things do these peor while on holiday? GRAMMAR a 2010 now I've lived here since 2010. November December (now) I've lived here for two months. December (now) Lived there for two months. April May © PAGE 77 5 Read the article again and look at the with no people ~ wild ‘was born in Birmingham, ‘and lived there asa child, ed as an English teacher some interesting things. taught English to Inuit in and worked for a balloon ypany in South Africa. She | Copenhagen for seven years, 1990 to 1997, and had a Danish end, but they broke up in when she returned to England, Georgina had a dream, She wanted to live in a house in the mountains and share it with people of different nationalities. A friend suggested the Pyrenees, in north-west Spain, in the lovely Basque country. So she went there in 1999 and has lived there since 2001. When she arrived there all those years ago, she had an old car called Fred, a Spanish dictionary and a pair ‘of walking boows. ‘Two years later she bought a tiny house with two rooms in a small village on top of a mountain, This place is now a building with seven bedrooms and eight bathrooms. Georgina lives there with her \grams daughter and her Spanish husband. He's a lawyer and they've been. together for many years now. Georgina has owned a successful holiday company called Pyrenean Experience since 1999, People stay for a week or two in her house, Jearn Spanish, discover the Basque culture and go for long walks in the Georgina loves walking and spending time with her friends in, the village. She loves the fact that the village is really old and that people have lived there for thousands of years. She’s a fortunate woman ~ she’s living her dre in the grammar table on page 36. Then circle the correct words to complete the rules below. Sometimes both answers are correct. 1 We use since with a period of time / a specific point in time 2 We use for with a period of time / a specific point intime. 3 We use since with the past simple / present perfect. 4 We can use for with the past simple / present perfect. 6 P9) 6925 Listen and circle the words that have a the sound /i/, as in since, and underline the words that have the sound /i:/ as in see. ‘4 How long have you been here? 8 We've been here for about three weeks. When did ‘you arrive? ‘A Just this morning. 8 You must go to the beach. ‘A We've been. The sea is green! 9) Listen again and check. Then practise the conversation. 8 Write complete questions, using the present perfect or past simple. Then write answers using the words in brackets. 1 How long / Georgina / lve 2 When / Georgina Copenhager 3 How long / Georgina / have / hc 4 How long / Georgina / 0} company? (since) How long / Geo ve How long / Georgina / know / When / Georgina break up? (ago) SPEAKING AND WRITI 9 Work in pairs. Find out about a person's STUDENT A: Look at page 62. STUDENT 8: Look at page 64. 10 Ask and answer questions to find out information about your partner's life. 11. Write a short biography of your partner. Use the article above to help you XPLOR ind out about a really ‘different’ holiday online. Unit 437 Lesson 3 I've just done it. VOCABULARY Household tasks 1 DEETINEA Talk about the photo. 1 What decade is this photo from? Why do you think that? 2 Do you think the woman enjoys doing housework? 3. Are high heels suitable for doing housework? Why is the woman wearing them? 2. Match these household items with the pictures and photo above. dishwasher dustbin freezer fridge iron kettle vacuum cleaner washing machine 3 63.24 Match verbs from A with phrases from B to make household tasks. Then listen and check. a clean do empty make use vacuum wash ‘B} the dishwasher the bath (the) housework the carpet (your) bed (the) dustbins the fridge the washing machine the shower the kitchen floor the ironing the washing up 4. In groups of three, you have three minutes to agree on three tasks you all really dislike doing. 5 © Cover the photo and take turns to describe items in it. Then look and check your answers. 38 Unit 4 LISTENING 1 6% 25 Listen to the introduction to a radio programme about housework. What two questions did they ask people? 6% 26 Listen to the rest of the programme and complete the table with each person's answers. Describe your work and household situai.on, Talk about: * the household and work tasks you do each week. * the tasks you have / haven't done this week De-stress! Plants improve air quality and help reduce stress. Have plenty of them in your home and workplace. GRAMMAR 9 Match pictures A-C with the dialogues. 1 When are you going to wash the kitchen floor? 8 I've already washed it. | did it this morning. 2 A It's your turn to wash the kitchen floor. Have you done it yet? 8 No, I haven't done it yet, I've been really busy. I'l do it now. 3 A Can you wash the kitchen floor? 8 I've just done it, can’t you see? 10 Complete the table with already, yet or just. Za a lve! cleaned the flat. | finished five minutes ago. | 8 Well done! ’& Please empty the dishwasher! 8 lve? emptied it | did it this morning. |’ Have you vacuumed the carpet 2 2 No, sorry, | haven't done it * © PAGE 77 11 Complete the rules with already, yet or just. 1 means ‘a very short time ago’, 2 We use to say that something happened sooner than we thought. 3 Weuse with questions when we think something will happen. 4 We use with negative statements but not affirmative statements. 12 13 14 LISTENING 2 6% 27 Listen to a conversation between two flatmates, Tomas and Max. Describe what they are doing and why. Listen again. Are these sentences true or false? Correct the false statements. 1 At the start of the conversation, Tomas has just vacuumed all the rooms. ‘Tomas has already met Max's parents. Tomas has already changed the sheets. Max has just dropped vegetables on the floor. At the end of the conversation, Max hasn't put the food in the oven yet. 6 Mav's parents have already SPEAKING GETINTS Talk about the questions. 1 Is there a difference between the younger and the older generation? Do young men do more housework than older men? 2 Are there some countries where men don’t usually do housework? 3. Who does what in your house? Would you like it to be different? ited the flat, The Milkmaid, Johannes Vermeer ‘What nationality was the painter and in whish century did he paint? What kind of work die the woman in the painting do? Check online and find out four things about Vermeer. MUSIC Search online and find the song Housework by the B52s. Complete the first line of the song. housework Watch the video and read the lyrics. Who does the singer need and what does she want this person to do? unit4 39 Vocabulary PLUS 4 Work in pairs. Underline the statements that TECHNOLOGY are true for you. 1 {26 Match the pictures with the sentences. 1 I'm married. /'m single. I'm divorced. /'m in Then listen and check. a relationship. 2 [have a boyfriend / girlfriend / partner. We've beg together for over a year. 3 A friend of mine is getting married soon. 4 I've recently been to a wedding. 5. Friends of mine broke up because their marriage wasn’t happy. 6 My parents have been married for more than 20 years. 7 I've never had a long relationship. 8 I'm going out with someone and I'm really in lov with him / her. 5 Work in pairs. Talk about the relationships of people you know well. © FOCUS ON: go a Match the words and phrases in bold with th correct meaning. 1 She goes to school / a) leave your home college / university. to do something 2 Please go on! b) become more at expensive 3 We're going out this 4”) evening, ©) become cheaper 4 I'm going out with 4d) have a boyfriend / him / her. girlfriend 1 You often need a password to get onto a 5 Prices are goi going up : website. €) not be success 2 You click on the X icon to close a file. 6 Prices are going ) How are you? 3. You click on a file with your mouse to open it. down. 9) leave 4 You turn the computer on or off here. 7 Please go away! 5 It isn’t very loud. Turn up the volume! 8 How's it going? h) continue 2 @ Cover the sentences in 1. How many can you i 9 I think the plan will i) be at a place remember? Use the pictures to help you. bo wrong eduction RELATIONSHIPS b Work in pairs. Write one or two short conversations using four words or phras 3 §32.9Complete the phrases with these verbs. fom ahoves Use each verb once. Then listen and check. ¢ Now work with another pair. Br 98t 1, OR aha 1 Take turns to read out one of your conversations. 2 The other pair writes down your conversation 2 partner / a relationship and reads it to you. divorced / married 3 Say whether it's the same as your version. Runs 40 Unit 4 Everyday English 1 QEEEE Talk about the photo. 1. What is the man’s job? 2 What's he doing? 3. How does the woman look? 4. Why do you think she looks like this? 2 Look at these expressions for opening and closing a conversation. Are they formal (F) or informal (1)? Some can be both. ‘A Opening a conversation 1 Can | have a word with you? 2 Hi do you have a minute? 3. Excuse me. Can | have a few minutes of your time? 4 Do you have time for a quick chat? 5 How are things? 6 Let me introduce myself, B Closing a conversati 1 have to go. 2 It's been nice talking to you. 3 It was a pleasure 4 Thanks so much for your time. 5 Let's get together soon, 6 Great to talk! 3 )) &2 2.10 Listen to the questions in A above. Is the speaker's voice range big or small? Listen again and repeat. 4 632.11 Ci Watch or listen to the conversation. Were your answers to 1 correct? 5 Watch or listen again and answer the questions. 1 What is the man asking questions about? 2 Does the woman really want to answer the questions? How do you know? 6 Watch or listen again and tick the expressions in 2 that you hear. Are they formal or informal? Why? 7 212 Listen to the first line of another conversation. What do you think the woman replies? 8 682.13 Now listen to the whole conversation and check your answer. 9 Answer the questions. 1. What do the man and woman chat about? 2 What is the man’s final question? 3 What is the woman's reply? Is she enthusiastic? 10 Listen again and underline the expressions in 2 that you hear. 1 Write five questions for a survey on attitudes to technology. Then interview three people. Use some of the expressions in list A in 2. 12 Have a short conversation with two or three people. Use some of the expressions in list B in 2. A\ we don't say .. we say Hive in-thislat-sinee- I've lived in this flat wre months. for two months, How-ong-de-you'knew- How long have you them? known them? Hebeen-hereatong- He has been here (for) time: a long time. teeisn'there—he's- Lee isn’t here — he's been-to-the-shops: gone to the shops. unit 4 41 304 Review A Chris and Lola Trent met when they were at school and got married four years ago. They have two children under three. Lola is a nurse at the local hospital. She often works long hours and the salary isn’t good but she loves her work there. Chris is an IT engineer. After getting his qualifications seven years ago he found work with a software company, but two years ago the company had to close. Chris spent nine months looking for a job but the couple live in an area where jobs are hard to find, and he is still unemployed, After a lot of discussion, Chris agreed to stay at home and look after the children. This meant they didn't have to pay for childcare. Now Chris wants to find a job outside the home. Although he loves spending time with his children, he gets very bored and feels he spends too much time at home. He says that Lola expects him to do all the household tasks ~ she even refuses to vacuum the carpet or wash up, saying she's too tired, ‘The job situation in the area is better now. He started looking for jobs again two weeks ago and has already been for a job interview, He didn't get the job but he’s having another interview next week. He has a friend in a g00d position at this company and this time he thinks he'll get it. The pay is quite low but it means they can afford to pay for childcare, He hasn't told Lola about his decision yet. He intends to tell her when he has found a job. LISTENING AND GRAMMAR 5 62.14 Chris got the job. Make two predictions for each of these things. Then listen and 1 How will Lola feel when Chris tells her? Sh READING AND GRAMMAR (EUS Look at the photos and the title of the article and talk about the questions. 1 What do these people do? 2 What's the connection between the photos? 3. How do you think the man feels about his job? 2. Read the article and check your answers. 3. Write complete questions. Take turns to answer them, using the words in brackets. 1 How long / Lola and / Chris / be / married? (since) 2 How long / Chris / be / a house husband? (for) 3. How long / Chris work for / the software company? (for) 4 Lola / ever / be / unemployed? (never) 5 What / Chris / start / doing? (just) 6 Has / Chris / find a job? (yet) 4. Work in pairs. Read the article again and each write down three questions. Give the questions to your partner to answer. 42 Units3&4 REVIEW 2 What do you think she'll say? Write down things. She'll say, 3 Lola makes two promises. What do you thin! ey are? I'll 6 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets: present continus is o going to. 1 Chris (go) to the company’s office next week to discuss the job. 2 Jenny (start) school in September 3 Chris (start) a new job next month. 4 The couple childminder. 5 They (not / get) a cleaner. (not / look for) a SPEAKING AND WRITING Work in small groups. Ask and answer the questions. Make notes of each person's answers. 1 Are you a housewife or house husband? 2 Ifyou are, what are your feelings about it? If you aren’t, would you like to be one? Why? / Why not? 3 Is working in the home a ‘proper job’, opinion? n your Work in your groups. Write a short report about people's answers. Choose someone to read out the report to the class. You are Chris. Write an email to a friend who you haven't seen for about three years. Tell ‘= about your life in the last three years. that you have decided to get a job and explain why. ‘= about the job. from: Chris 0:51 (1? minutes ago} 20 Dee Rob re Gay Hi, good to hear from you. We havent seen each athe forages. What's my news? Well, my fe is changing. ¢ EXPLOR a 682.15 Complete the information about ‘stay- at-home dads’ in different countries with these figures. Then listen and check. 3% tentimes 1% 2000 1.4 million 12% — ten years ‘+ There are now about ' house husbands in the UK ~ they stay at home while their wives go out to work. That's * ‘as many house husbands as» ago. Men and women no longer feel that the man has to go out to work. Childcare is expensive and if the woman earns more money, the man is often happy to look after the household and family * In China, men started to stay at home in about ‘ ‘Some of these men prefer not to tell others about their new role as their imace is very important. * Traditionally, the woman has always stayed at home in India. But in cities now, about s of men are stay-at-home dads and « of single men say they have na problem with the idea. + In Australia, less than ” of men are house husbands, b GERTINES Talk about the questions. 1 Does any of this information surprise you? 2 What do you think? Will more men become house husbands in the future? 3. Which countries and parts of the world do you think have most difficulty with the idea of house husbands? Why? Find out more about house husbands in your country, or in another country. REVIEW Units3&4 43 Getting away Cranmuanrodols must hove ta can might my, coud wil probably cern UNIT echt ‘ave cthes A2IB1 FOCUS Functions: describing an object; speculating about the present and future looking for adventure? want to travel the world and earn money? in Mauritius (dea of free meals and accommodation sound you enjoy meeting people from different cultures? ~~ you like to work on a cruise ship? g We are looking for waiters, b: shop assistants and cleaning starr” We are also looking for danee instructors, fitness instructors and scuba-diving instructors. Must Rave: Couples preferred Personal trainer certifi sential + instructor's certificate Must be good at all dance styles, Yoga or Pilati te useful + first aid certificate from waltz to rock ‘n roll Minimum 6 months’ experience necessary Must speak fluent English ‘Fluent English necessary Fluent English essential READING AND SPEAKING 2 Complete the questions in the advert above, then ask a partner. 1. Look at the photo and think about these questions. 3. Match A, B and C above with three jobs from the advert. 1 Would you like to go on a cruise on a ship like this? 4. Guess the meaning of the words in bold from 2 Would you like to work on a cruise ship? the context. 3 bala had aaeba = ot Me acbertaoes and 5 Would you like to apply for any of the cruise ages of working on a cruise ship are? ship jobs on offer? Why? / Why not? 44° Units GRAMMAR = ‘a modal verb, so all forms are the same. | affirmative || / you / he / she / it / we / you / they | _| must speak English. Must you go? | _| Must we tell him? | questions Look at the requirements for jobs A, B and Cin the advert. Which ones are essential for each job? Underline the words that tell you this, Now match the verbs with the correct meaning. Which verbs are the opposite of must? 1 must a) It isn’t possible / 2 don't have to permitted. 3 mustn't (must not) _b) It is possible / permitted. 4 can 0) It is necessary / essential 5 can’t (cannot) d) Itis prohibited. 6 have to €) It isn’t necessary. © PAGE 77 Are these sentences true or false? Correct the false statements. 1. Scuba-diving instructors must have a first aid certificate, They can’t have an instructor's certi Dance instructors mustn't be couples. They can be good at just one dance style. Fitness instructors don’t have to have a yoga qualification. 6 They have to have at least six months’ experience. SPEAKING AND WRITING Work in pairs. Decide on a job. Write down three essential requirements and three things that are unnecessary for it. You can use these ideas to help you — but you don’t have to. “You must ...? ate. wawn Yes, but you don’t have to ...” good at technology / solving problems / Have set ey paced a lot of experience / ideas a degree in law / physics . a certificate in Zumba / first aid... ‘experience of working in a team /'on your own ... the ability to work long hours / think quickly fluent Russian / Finnish 10 Tell another pair your list of six things. Can " 12 they guess your job? EXPLORE Search online for a job that you would love to do. What qualifications do you need? Write a short job description for your ideal job and read it out for others to guess. Think about these questions and compare your ideas in small groups. 1 One requirement for all cruise ship instructors is fluent English. Why? 2 Tick the kinds of things you need to do to become fluent in English. Please correct my mistakes! Cee er I frequently revise what you're learning PR ec [er ORL Lc) Roe ae ar ere nr cu ees . Rea ee Reece) 13. What else can you do to become fluent in English? Add more things to the list above. De-stress! Stress often causes tension in the jaw. Do gentle facial exercises to release this tension. Practise in class! units 45 Lesson 2 It might rain. Do | travel light? Absolutely! In fact, | never check in a bag these days when I go on a trip | always take it on the plane with me as hand luggage and save time at both ends. | often save money too. You have to be careful though. The maximum size and weight is different for different airlines and if you get it wrong, they will probably charge you. You must put your wash things in a clear plastic bag too, with no bottles more than 100ml. And you mustn't put in any sharp objects like penknives or scissors (or even a corkscrew!). Reading material? | don't need books. | have loads of books on my tablet. Arun VOCABULARY Travel 1 682.16 Circle all the words directly connected travel, Explain the connection. Then listen, check and repeat. backpack bumbag check in check out corkscrew (suit}case guidebook hairdryer iron journey luggage pack penknife scissors size travel trip unpack voyage weight wheel 2. Write V (verb) or N (noun) next to the words in 1. Some words can be more than one thing. 3) GEETINES Think about these questions and talk toa partner. 1 What's the difference between journey, travel, trip and voyage? 2. Which words refer to different kinds of luggage? 3. Which things mustn't you have in your hand luggage? 4 Why are weight and size important when travelling? 46 Unit S Travelling What kind of traveller are you? Do you travel with lots of stuff or do you travel light? = a eee _ cece Do | travel light? No way! | go on holiday with lots of things, | like to have everything with me - just in case. You never know what might happen. I take several changes of clothes because you can never trust the weather 100%. even in Morocco. It will probably be hot but it might rain too. You can't be sure. And it may be cold in the evenings. always pack lots of books because | can never decide what to read in advance. And | usually take an iron and a hairdryer if | can fit them in. It's a pain to pull my big case all the way to the airport but at least it has wheels. pss I may sometimes have to it's worth it, Cheryt READING Read the article above quickly. Are you more like Chery! or Arun? Tell a partner why. Complete the sentences with Cheryl, Arun or Cheryl and Arun. 1 ___ike(s) to be ready for anything, 2 __ has / have to carry a heavy case. 3 doesn’t / don’t have to pay for luggage. can spend less time at the airport. know(s) the rules for hand luggage 6 travel(s) with lots of reading material, @ Cover the article and answer the questions. Then read and check your answers. 1 What does Cheryl a) always b) usually do? 2. What does Arun a) always b) never do? Can you find any other adverbs of frequency in the article? 10 " GRAMMAR eran 1 It might rain, | [2 Itwill probably be hot. _ [3 Itmay be cold in the evening. | aa © PAGE 77 Read the three sentences in the grammar box. Which one is ... a) probable? (90% certain) b) possible? (60% certain) ©) possible but unlikely? (30% certain) Can you remember what we say when we are 100% certain? In groups of three, you have six minutes to agree on six things. ‘= Two that will probably happen tomorrow. ‘Two that may happen. ‘= Two that might happen. VOCABULARY Clothes Read the six tips for travelling do you think is the most useful? jht. Which one Six tips for travelling on holiday Ifyou are a bit ike Cheryl but youd like to travel lighter here are some tips. 1 Its a good idea to check the weather forecast where you're going and only pack suitable clothes. 2. Pack one top, one pair of socks or tights and cone change of underwear for every day and one skirt or pair of trousers for every two days. Plus swimming things, shorts, ete. 3. You should take just one set of smart clothes — just in case. You probably won't need three dresses or suits! 4. Choose just one or two colours and only take clothes which match this scheme. 5 Take a small pack of washing powder so you can wash small things there. 6 Don't pack your heaviest clothes, wear them! 12 Circle all the items of clothing in the tips. How many more can you name? 13 @ Work in pairs. Cover the tips and complete the advice. Then read and check your answers. 1 Check the weather forecast 2 Pack one top 3 You should take just one 4 Choose just one or two 5 Take a small pack 6 Don't pack 14, PD) § 2.17 Listen and repeat these words with the /j/ sound. Russian shorts Finnish sure wash ship shop sharp 15. PB) 622.18 Listen and repeat the tongue twister. Show me what's in your shopping bag, Shane. A shirt, shorts, shoes, shampoo, shower gel, aftershave and washing powder. I'm shorily going on a ship to Shanghai! 16 6% 2.19 Listen and follow the instructions. SPEAKING 17 GEETENES Think about the questions and share your ideas with a partner. 1 Which of the travelling tips in 11 aren't very useful? 2 Which tips are obvious? 3. Can you add some useful tips of your own for travelling light? units 47 You should move around. 1 Describe the photos and talk about the questions. 1 How do these photos make you feel? Why? 2 Do you enjoy flying? 3 What do / don’t you like about it? 2. You are going to listen to a radio interview with a jet lag expert. Match the phrases below to make tips to avoid jet lag. You should / shouldn't 1 drink plenty of 2. drink too much a) your watch to the ‘new’ time. b) heavy meals. 3 eat ) move around. 4 get up and ) water. 5 do e) stretches and exercises. 6 change f) alcohol and coffee. 3 Listen to the interview and check your answers. What does Gemma say you should do when you get to your destination? should =it's advisable /it's aigood idea 48 4 Work in pairs. Prepare to report back. 1 Which of the things in 2 do / don’t you ¢ you fly long-distance? 2. What do you take with you on an over ? (eg an eye mask, earplugs, a neck pil clothes, slippers) 3 Have you ever had jet lag? Wher going? What were the symptoms? 4 When you go away on a trip, what do you have to do before you leave? were you 5 Work with another pair and report back. LISTENING 2 6 (ELUTE Look at the picture and read the information. Why do you think Alice is shouting up the stairs? Alice is going to Canada for a conference. Her husband, Mike, is going to take her to the airport but he says he has to do some things first. Her flight is at 11.55. 7 §%221 Listen and check your ideas. 8 Tick the things Mike does before they leave. Listen again and check. by: 9 Answer the questions. 1 How does Alice feel? 2 What does she want to do? 3. What doesn’t she want to do? 4 Do you think Mike is behaving reasonably? 5 What about Alice? 10 @ At 9.25 Alice says: ‘I don't want to miss my plane.’ What does she say about her plane at these times? Listen again and check. 1 9.30 2 9.40 11. What do you think is likely to happen next? Tell a partner. 12. 642.22 Listen and check your ideas. 13 Lis fen again and answer the questions. 1 What is the problem on the way to the airport? 2 How often does this happen (according to Alice)? 3. How long does it take them to get to the airport? 4 What time do they get there? (Work it out!) 5 Does Alice catch her flight or does she miss it? 6 How does this story end? WRITING AND SPEAKING 14 6% 2.23 Can you remember the conversation between Alice and Mike when they arrive at the airport? Listen and write it down. 15. Work in pairs to write a different conversation to end the story and act it out. 16 Find someone who: has to travel a lot in their work always travels with lots of stuff. has never missed a plane. prefers a window seat avoids flying if possible. has a favourite airline. (Which one?) . 2008, Ronald Haber Describe the scene in this painting. Can you guess the title? Check online. What interesting facts can you find out about Haber? MUSIC I'm Bound for the Mountains and the Seais a 1960s song about travelling by Tom Paxton. How does this first line end? Ifyou can't come along, love, then you Check the lyrics online. What does the singer want to do and why? Unit 49 Vocabulary PLUS USEFUL THINGS 1 63224 Match the words listen and check. adaptor jewellery make-up _ phone charger pillow shampoo shower gel towel Bes enone 5 Ss aise , , past attacked now Note that we usually use while before a past continuous verb, and when before a past simple verb, While he was cycling across the desert, he had an accident, He was cycling across the desert when he had an accident. Unit 3 GOING TO El I'm (am) going to leave my job. / You're (are) going to get a rise. / He’s (is) going to stay at home. EX I'm not (am not) going to watch TV. /They aren't (are not) going to ask for a rise. / She isn’t (is not) going to go out this evening, Are you going to eat out? Yes, we are. / No, we aren't. Is he going to travel more? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. Note that short answers are the same as those for the present simple of be. Remember that we never use short, forms in affirmative short answers: Yes, she is. (not ¥es-she) We use going to to talk about future plans and intentions: 1'm not very happy. 'm going to look for another job. 1'm going to see my friends this evening. We also use going to to make predictions when we know (or can see) that something is going to happen: She's going to have a baby in January. Look at that car! It's going to crash into the lorry. VERB + INFINITIVE ‘We can use the infinitive of another verb after many verbs, eg afford, agree, arrange, expect, forget, hope, intend, ‘manage, plan, promise, refuse, seem. He intends to start a business next year. You promised to do this for me. expected to finish my essay today. ‘Note that some verbs cannot be followed by an infinitive: enjoy going to the theatre. (not Fenjoy-te-ge-to-the theatre) You can check in a dictionary to see if a verb is followed by an infinitive. Grammar reference 75 PRESENT CONTINUOUS FOR FUTURE USE We use the present continuous to talk about plans and arrangements that are already made for the future. We usually know when the arrangements are happening’ We're flying £0 LA tomorrow. She's having lunch with her boss on Friday. We often use the present continuous to ask about people's future arrangements: When are you seeing your parents? ‘We use time expressions to specify the future moment, eg this evening, tonight, next week, next Monday, in an hour, in five days, tomorrow, tomorrow moming, the day after tomorrow We put future time expressions at the beginning or end of the sentence: At the weekend I'm visiting an old friend. Are you going on holiday next month? We can also use going to to talk about fixed future plans, There is very litle difference between going to and the present continuous in this case: I'm going to see my aunt tomorrow. I'm seeing my aunt tomorrow. For information on how to form the present continuous, see Unit 1, page 73. For more information on going to, see Unit 3, page 75, WILL FUTURE ns LU/You / He / She /It/ We / They'll (will) be there at 10pm. Bao: 1/ You / He / She / It / We / They won't ( there at 8pm. (ee neues Will |/ you / he / she / it/| Yes, 1/ you / he / she /it/ we we / they be there later? | / they will. No, 17 you / he / she /it / we __| / they won't. We use will + verb to make a prediction about the future: I.don’t think they will like this joke. The audience will enjoy this. ‘We can also use it to © talk about a fixed event in the future: The meeting will start at two o'clock this afternoon. ‘ask about an event in the future: Will we see you tomorrow? Yes, you will. / No, you won't. + make an instant decision: It’s late. I'll go home now. make a promise: | have a meeting tomorrow, but | won't be late home. Note that willis like @ modal verb and all persons are the same: 1 /you / he / she / it / we / they will be at work tomorrow. 76 Grammar reference | VERB + OBJECT + INFINITIVE We use an object + infinitive alter many verbs in Engi, We want you to think about this. (not We-wart thot yoy think about this:) Please ask her to come and see me. Other verbs like this include allow, encourage, expect, help, need, order, teach, tell, would like When we want to give a negative instruction, we use not to: Please tell him not to do that. Ask her not to come too early. Unit 4 PRESENT PERFECT V PAST SIMPLE I"ve (have) read a blog. / He's (has) sent me a text [We haven't (have not) written a blog. / She hasn't (has not) answered the email. Have they sent a text? Yes, they have. No, they haven't. Has he gone to Italy? Yes, he has. / No, he hasn't. For information on how to form the past simple, see Unit, 2, page 136. Remember that we use the present perfect to talk about the past when the time is not specific: He's watched lots of DVDs. (but we don’t know when) * all your experiences up to now: I've visited London several times. We use the past simple to say when something happened ‘or to give other detail: She sent her first text message two weeks ago. (not She- assent her frst text message two weeks ago) ‘When we ask questions in the past, we use the present perfect to establish the facts: How many text messages has he sent? (I don’t know.) Has he used the printer at work? (Yes, he has.) We use the past simple to ask for the specific time of an event, or for extra information: When did he use the printer? (Last week.) Did he use it several times? (Yes, he did.) Note that we can’t use a time with the present perfect: J went to York last March. (not #ve-been-te-Yorktast March) ‘We use never in sentences with the present perfect to say that you have not had a particular experience at any time in the past: He's never used a computer. ‘We use ever in questions with the present perfect to find out if something has happened at any time in the past: Have you ever used an e-reader? ~ No, I've never used an e-reader. FOR AND SINCE We use the present perfect with for or since to say how jong something has lasted or when it started: have lived here for three years have known John since 2007. We use for to talk about a period of time: have been at this school for a week / two days / three years /six months, etc. We use since to talk about a point in time in the past: have been at this schoo! since last week / I was five / july / 2008 / Tuesday, etc. We also use for with the past simple to talk about a length of time in the past: Iived in that house for two years. ALREADY, YET, JUST We use the present perfect with already to say something happened in the past, but sooner than we thought. It usually goes after the auxiliary verb: | can't believe it, she’s already cleaned the floor! We use yet with present perfect questions and negative statements to say we think something will happen in the future It usually goes at the end of a sentence: Have you emptied the dustbin yet? He hasn't done the ironing yet. We use just to mean ‘a very short time ago’. It usually goes after the auxiliary verb: He's just left. (= about five minutes ago) Unit 5 MODALS Remember that modal verbs: ‘+ don’t take -s when the subject is he, she or it The verb form is the same for all persons. 1/You/ He / She / It / We / They can dance. * are followed by the base form of the verb. He can play tennis very well. (not He-cen-te-play) * form the negative by adding not. You mustn’t (must not) cross this line. * go before the subject in questions ~ they don’t use an auxiliary verb. Can you speak another language? (not Be-you-carr-speek ences tanguage?) ‘must / mustn't We use must to say that something is necessary / essential: You must have a certificate to do this job. ‘Must you go? We use mustn’t to say that something is prohibited: You mustn't walk on the grass. Note that there is no past form of must — we use had to or didn't have to: They had to pass their exams | didn’t have to show my passport. have to/ don't have to Have to is a semi-modal verb. The verb form changes depending on the person: J have to go now. He has to work hard in his job. We use have t0 to say something is necessary / essential. In American English there is no difference between have to and must, although have to is more common. In British English, there is sometimes a small difference: ‘we use must to talk about an obligation from the speaker and we use have to to talk about an obligation made by somebody else, eg) I must leave now (I want to go). Thave to have six month’s experience. (the job advert said this) ‘We use don’t have to to talk about a lack of obligation: Instructors don’t have to have a certificate. necessary) isn't can /can't We use can to say something is possible or permitted: You can come in now. (= it's OK to do this) We can only visit her in hospital between 6pm and Zpm. (= it’s permitted) We also use it to * talk about ability: J can play the guitar. ‘* ask for and give permission: Can | go out tonight? No, you can't. We use can’t (cannot) to say something is not possible or permitted: You can't smoke here. (= it isn't allowed) might / may We use might or may to talk about possibilty. There is usually no difference in meaning: We might / may go out tomorrow. (= it’s possible) Sometimes there is a slight difference in certainty: might can be less definite: It might rain tomorrow. (= there is a small possibility it will rain, but it’s unlikely — I'm about 30% certain) It may be cold in the evening. (there is a possibility it will be cold — I'm about 60% certain) might / may / could ‘We can use might, may or could to speculate about the present and the future: Your bag might / may / could be in London, or it might / may / could be in Rome — we don’t know. ‘We usually use could to make questions about the future: Could your bag be in Madrid? will probably We use will probably to talk about something that is very likely to happen: 1 will probably go shopping on Thursday. Grammar reference 77 should / shoutdn’t We use should oF shouldn't to give advice 1 isn't as strong as must We use should to say something is a good thing to do You should drink lots of water We use shoulkin’t to say something is a bad thing to do You shouldn't eat 100 much sugar Unit 6 ZERO CONDITIONAL Conditional sentences have two parts. the conditional clause (the if clause) and the main clause We use the zero conditional to talk about general truths (0r to describe facts. We use the present simple in both parts of the sentence 11 + present simple + present simple Wf the weather Is very cold, water freezes. (= it's a fact) We can start the sentence with the if clause or the main clause. When we start with the if clause, we use a comma after it. When we start with the main clause, we don't use comma if you heat water, it boils. Water boils if you heat it We can also use this form to tell other people what to do 01 to give advice: I+ present simple + imperative It you feet ill call a doctor. Ifyou are in an earthquake, get under a table. We can also use a modal verb in the main clause: You should call a doctor if you feel ill when clauses We can use when instead of if to talk about particular situations: When road conditions are dangerous, you should drive carefully. (= a particular situation, compared to when road conditions aren't dangerous) If the road conditions are dangerous tonight, you should drive carefully. (= a possible situation that may happen) We can use when or if in most zero conditional sentences with no difference in meaning: 1/ When you heat ice it melts. FIRST CONDITIONAL We use the first conditional to describe possible situations and a possible result ~ in the present or future. We use the present simple in the if clause and will future in the main clause. It + present simple + will / won't Hit rains a lot tomorrow, there will be floods. What will happen if we don’t stop eating fish? - If we don't stop eating fish, there won't be any left in the sea. Note that we don’t use will / won't in the if clause: If sea levels rise, villages on the coast will be under water. (not Hsee-fevels-witrise->) 78 Grammar reference RELATIVE PRONOUNS WhO / which We use relative clauses t0 say WHICH PErSON, place oy thing we are talking about. 4 To introduce a relative Clause, We USE FeLatIVE Bron We use ‘¢ who oF that to talk about people: here are 2 ot of people who want 10 weer leopard cog, There are people that hunt them for thew skins. ‘¢ which oF that to talk about animals or things The Amur leopard and the Siberian tiger are animals thay have beautiful fur ‘But it's also because of wars which are destroying they habitat Note that we don’t use what in relative clauses: 7 The tiger 1s an animal that has bowel 101 (101 Pretiggn ren ammat wat nes beauty ha 5 Transcripts Getting to know you (GETTING TO KNOW YOU: LESSON 1 12 (eerese 1) fat Ft tuca Helo! My name's Oba fant ood 0 ee ou. tat Realy ce to met you too. 13 (ercse 2) ce Helo! Ar you hee forthe pe-intemedate Erahish course? ‘ama Yes |a. reac What's your name? ‘ma Cara Valenzuela, ven sory. How do you spel that? canta CAR ‘cies No,| meant how do you spell your surname? ‘ama Oh Sony “VALENZUELA, usc A. OX. And where are you rom? ‘Oma Im tom Santiago. reac I Spain? ‘AM Ni Chile! ‘cies Wow! Tats a ong way! 1a (exercise 3) aetauwyad 15 exercise 10) ‘AWhere are you fom? {rm trom Salebug ‘Where do you lve now? Pin aalaga ‘What do you do? 1 F ma sooal worker. ‘Where do you work? Bina children’s hospital '5 Do you do any sports or physical activites? es do zumbst 6 Adve you married or do you hae a partner? 1'No, Fm an my ox night now. ‘ADo you playa musica instrument? 11 pay the tumpet, but not very well 8 AoW old ae you? 1m sory, never tl people my age! GETTING TO KNOW YOU: LESSON 2 16 (Exercise 5) 1 AWhy do you need English? 1 need it foe my werk man a-trafic controle, 2 Ay do you need Engsh? 1 don't ned it at all jst enjoy meeting people, 2 AWhat about you? 1 want beter job. hate my current job. 44 AVM do you ned English? 1 ned it to go on ody. 'm going to Canada est yea 5 aand you? 1 need to pass an English exam ~ next month 6 Avy do you ned English? 1 Because everybody needs to speak English W's the umber one world language 12 exercise 11) 1 you don’t know how to spel something you can Say: ory. How do you spel that? or Could you spel that, please? 2 Hfyou did't understand what someone sai, you «an sy: Sorry? Could you say that again, please? 3 you want to get someone's attention, you can say. {Excuse me? For example, Excuse me. Whese's the bus stop? 4 you want to get past someone, you can say: case mel or Sorry! 5 you step on someone's fot you cn ay Sony! ot ‘Sosy! orm so sry, o perhaps Av you OK? 6 your teachers speaking to fas, ike this (1a bia blabla ba), you can say: Could you speak more 79° Transcripts ‘ow, pease? or Could you possibly speak more ‘owl, plase Unit 1 nr 1 15ssoN 4 Lateercie 3 ‘he woman te pir gh ing 3 1 Seating aera 2 She's doing fearee 24 5 Ses serdng ate mesg, 4 Sheth on 5 Shes wot en rate & Shes ating noire 7 Shes ppg some wih er ca. dd ta odo oat 13 (ence mate alee scent, 2058, cme aos ot do'te cn eee ewok these. spon 9 yn UNIT 1: LESSON 2 1.10 (serie 2) AlingusteD social G physi! Bmathematicl Enaturlst musical visual F pesonal 1.11 (serie 7) all board, cal drawing, fase, ory, fur aw, more, ‘spon talk, tought, wae, werk UNIT 1: LESSON 3 1.12 (exercise 2) ‘An amazing memory for numbers! Domine 0'rien has araly amazing memory and he's won the World Memory Championships eght times, There are fitywo cards ina pack of plang cars (thou the jokers) and Dominic can mess ity. four packs in one hour That’ almost tre thousand ‘laying cards! He looks at each cad just once, puts {away and then says al the cards inert Tee are 2316 cards in total he uses the jokes. 1.43 Geese 3) To remember information, Oren does tre things he changes information nto intresting mera Dictrs: he connects these pictures to something ersonal in hs fe, and he puts each item of information in a specal place in "house in his mind, ‘sohe can find it again easly. And ~ something very important —he practises again ad agin and again But peshaps his biggest secret is that he believes he can remember enormous quantities of infomation. He knows its posible because he knows our brain is Incredibly powerful Te tte of his latest book says t AL I's called You Can Have An Amazing Memory He thinks everyone can improve their memory =a any 2ge In fac he thinks we can remember Better 3s we ‘et oder But we have to believe we cn, And we must practise 1.44 Gxercise 5) instrument exam holiday intelient cocoile caosswodd haidresser memory maths map whistle dary holiday photo banana ‘Ard te last fv... unemployed team party sport secretary Right Thats the end of te list Now write down as many ofthe words as you can remember You can write them in any order you tke 1.45 (Exercise 7) Research shows that most people remember beginnings and endings but not midds We often remember words a the begining of ist because we're anak and interested and paying atenton. ‘And we remember them a the end because we tel ‘ourselves t's going to fish soon and we ela. Research abo sows that repetition helps us to remember dungs We remeber tgs beter ‘wear them mare than once How may You ‘emembered the word Mody? The person sid it tac. To hep you remember 2 word in Engish, make sure you say to yoursel~ofwite several ties. We ao remeber words or pecs of formation which ae unsure he word acolo ‘Banana. West up and py attention These kinds of words suprise us or make us ough, s hey ty in ut ‘ong term memoy. Tt easier 0 remeber things which are important for us personal have an exam nex we, amily to remember the word exam. Thave an appartment at the haese’s this aheroon tent ‘am probably going to remember the word harder. ‘And finaly, we remember things we leat recent maj ite the wor wht, which was nthe Muiple Inteligenes Qu Thats why t's impartant to rewse sew words 35 son 3 possible after learning then. That way they cant escape! Untr 1: VOCABULARY PLUS 116 aes 2) Vise pxchoogy 2 maths 6 Seogapy 3 history 7 English 4 spon 8 law 117 eres) whi subjecs are you going to stat, Gerge? eopapy,engineeting or anguages? 1 Ok angueges ula. Geman and apes! 1.18 execse 6) V"AOh ne! Thee’ a tof wait # Daou want some ace? Lets walk 2 Avioveyouhad any ews? 1 No, we havent ha any formation a a 3 AThee's too much stuf n ths oom Oe es sel sone fate 4 Abid ou do ay homework? ‘ust 3 Bt But i some housework 9 an 10 engineering UNIT 1: EVERYDAY ENGLISH 1.49 Beercise 2) 1 real hate the smel of cabbage. t's 2 horible vegetable. reminds me of schoo dines. 2 Thin cofte's an absolutely wonderul sel first thing inthe moring, need a goed strong cup bette do anjthing 3 real ike the sel of grass when it’ cut And | Tove waking oni without shoes. 4 cant stand the sel of fish. Othe taste. specially salmon, 5 think gai a gorgeous smell The best Especially ‘when i ying in bute. 6 Camembert cheese i realy disgusting sel. ke ity socks! | dot know how people can eat it 120 Exercise 7) 1 AWow, that hat’ quite dramatic! ‘Acwaly think its realy sil At disagree think i’ sy, 81 ont think so ata 2 AWhat do you thnk of those boots? ‘Theyre incredibly ugly! ‘AAbsolutel! And they look realy uncomfortable, age, ‘A cant imagine wearing them, 1 Me neither 3 really don’t tke that hairstyle. 1 Actaly, thik it's cook ‘Realy? tink t's bt ily! 1 Dp you? Iie it alt 44 aha do you think of he souprre? 181k tabla aman? ‘A Me 100. Un what enact {hae no teat Unit 2 [Un 2: LESSON 1 121 ere 1 Bay ae ft iy it ca gees nen an yt np gets nen and yt np mad gp baveling meet my partner boytend gitiend husband / ‘wie ‘move toa new fat ass my exams my devin est Sar School nasty 8 ej UNIT 2: LESSON 2 122 xercie 1) 4} hota balloon 2) mount bike ouse ship schoo bs ese Hecate 123 xecie 7) ‘aught = thought (ould tok got lst heard —hurt new few ‘campervan g)car tery 1 cols blades 1 fing boat UNIT 2: LESSON 3 1.24 xerise 2 lax What are you doing? ‘asuanaa Wel saw this amazing talk yesterdoy by sree ced Da ad, snow Fm ong er uponiine tun Diana Nad? | dont think Ive heard of he What's ‘pecal about her? ‘wana Wiel. in August/September 2013, she was ‘the fest person ever fo sim all the way ats rom Cuba tothe States — without a shark cage ‘uy Wow. Tete ae alto sas in that 0, aren't there? ‘AUDA Yes there ar — whichis why swinmers ‘aivays use a cage. Dana was weating a protective ‘masta special bodysuit at night, loves and Boot, but mo cage tan Tats nctebe I's kong way from Havana in ‘Cuba to Key Westin lida! ‘anna Yes, ts about 160 kilometres tan Sot ook her a ong tine? “AMANDA Yes the sn ook over two days and tO nights ~ amos fifty tivee hous. And the ea there canbe realy dangerous 1's often incre rough ‘and, apart rom sharks, itis also home to alot of nasty jlsh Sot was a rely rave thing odo. tase don't think coud do that How old was she? ‘amanon Sit fou av Sox fou Gosh. Tats an amazing achievement ‘AMANDA Yes was actualy be th attempt in 35 yes Her fst attempt was in 1978 when she was 28 But because very song winds and high waves were pushing he badly off couse her eam pled he ov of the water after 42 hous. ‘ay But she ied again? ‘Amann Yes Her second attempt was in August 2011, but se had to give up after 29 hours because of an asthma attack. She tied again one month ate but this tiene there were aot fish inthe water and the sings made tific for her to breathe, 14 But she slept on tying? ‘aan. Yes she ted agai n 2012 but lish ‘attacked her again, and there were tribe elec Storms 25 wel as. Thosejlifish sound realy cay! But she never gee up? 80 Transcripts ‘ssn Nosh nent go 201) sh fray inte a ro wd tte ns [boot unpurters weve wong conga et {eae afartante moment =e pst wah te io etine Las taeese sane st tied then one tar Oh se ha Ita Yes 3 great Ad ou kro what? Eve hug abe wo compere exh she ok ‘ume tot tothe pple on the beach whe the tn re ing er me Heel sue What i she ay? ‘ton Iwas ey mown. She ai ave tee messages Ore we Su Meee GUD Toye neve to OM cheb yer cea, And tee oaks he Sota spot ut tata ‘an Tos re grea messge fal sau Ye ty a 126 doer 6 A Wt oe you dong? 1 sc found ths ey neesting arte nthe pave a thu 1 About ths woman cle Rose Sale Pope She's amaze! 1 iy? Wat di he do? 1 Wl en er bt df can in 200, he coded trun mre tan 30,00 Kemet aod the nortern Remsphee tase money for cane 439.000 loners Tata moe han 3 ‘athon Wht» cater! 1 Yeoh and expect as she wes 5? She acy setouton ber 57 birthday, on 2 Ober 2003, paling 3 at ei et 15 Acar Wha? Ube a Rose and cat? 1 Probably not ute a bg but car she cou cary eveything she neded nthe os among cuipmet She Cul sep nit oo an on mos hs She st caped at he ideo ead A Lets have aloo On That aks ute ig. Od she sgoalere? 1 Yex complete aon. 1 What Wo eam with er? 1 Na she was ay alone But she was in regular contact wth es, ames. He ana webs with res abut he ‘Soho og dt ake er? 3,000 ome a hige distance on oot. 1 Wel te epected ttt wo yer but the tok he! She aie ack Rome a Wales 2008 What abave woman. 1 Abst Aad hat ot a ses done - shes crossed the atc a vee oat, shes Sale arund the wed she's en a hse 4800 Klretrs acess Chie and shes across he Sahara Deer 1 Goodness: tied ust hiking about it 127 terre 12) 1 What happend whe Rose was runing in tea? Some woes an wth era week 2 Were was ose runing when she sipped onthe {ce Se was roving in land 3 What was he dung when 9 us krcied het own? She was cessing a oad in Russia 4 What happened wen she i eat much She ‘became weak and ei 5 Wat happened whe she was sleping i Alka? She ney toe in besoin bag. UNIT 2: VOCABULARY PLUS 128 (xercise 4) the Amazon the Danube, the Indus, the Mekong, the ie, the Orinoco, the Rig, he Voie, Ue Yangtze 129 Exercise 5) re as 2 sae 36 100" 720" 83.850" 1.20 owus on come) 1 a.Oh eto agent Mat was quit £81 Bc OY NE ag Aachen 2 A Come nt Come it at come int Mh door’ tock 3 At ame op fy th {80h wel ne! Thats ant ane btm 4A Come on HS et eave tye hn, Anow tm coming es 4 datk and sty ng | Wo Waking hae te after the cinema a8 9g Nad ar streets were py Sucker, | heat toto: Bee tne They wee cog closer aM ose Ny Heart ay ‘eating Tose ard Fate pakke a tried aon, The footsteps ran too Tey were right beta ne and hen 132 (exercise ) Iwas ¢ dark and stormy night. | a wating ame ‘lone after the cinema Iwas rang hard a the strets were empty. Sudden, | heard fone ing ime They weve coming closer and ser My et was beating fate and faster I panicked and slated run, Te footsteps rat. They wer ight Behind se and then romeone grabbed my am. | shouted bat he ‘person sad gently, Tm 30 sory. | dnt mean to feign you ahs you scat? nk yu et the He was hoking out o pole bv scat It was. ple tive scat "Oh yes that's net said ast Thank yoo so much. That's ely rice of you" He se, cone around and walked away et ater sup, but was glad to have my a Bak, 123 (serene 6) ‘erectve ust ke fo ask you a few questions that O. woutan That's fine ‘erecrive Where weve you between 8 and 10 lat night ‘woMAN Un Iwas at home Berecrive Whot were you dong? ‘wom 995 siting on the sola in my tng room ‘watching TV ‘ertctve What were you watching? woutan Um am. James Band fm nat, Darter Which one? \wowtan Oh 9 very old one ~ Goliiager Derecrive Were you alone? onan No, my husband was with me ‘erecrve What was he doing? wouan He was doing the Koning! Dertcrive 30 you were both at home al the tine? ‘WomAN Yes. We werent near the national at galley 1.34 freee 9) 4 Where were you nd you partner? you were at ome what were you doing? you were wating TV. wha oanee i you were having dinner. what did you eat an “ink? ‘you weren't at home _. where were you? ‘You wee a the cinema how did you 99? ‘hat 90 the 4 restavant which restauant? ‘escbe the water Unit 3 UNIT 3: LESSON 1 1.35 (aero 2) ‘salary, employed, unemployed, get on wth, ‘experience. qualifications business, 9, bos employes 203g ara me soya: ie sees wes mer a LESSON 3 tare) Kiaammatha eal ma Sa Wek nape hy tat sua a ete cedars ote ac We Sn have eto oo pur ning hers we are rte ove be ty 288 Go Rae a ai Rise vas coed’ ob sey eet enantio yo ond any enor tobe come The oy qatecrion Sfanyee un tarsal We we cu own ipa nd we doth calequrs Ac te ‘Seatny wert rh» grup pope Teton coy po uve ou sp You tink adie asec te ths Tes fanny An thet etna tm, maybe they wos he ths le What ‘rutacson? Wi ey the Ys they vl hk Srl Btyou never be sue You el ‘ose Tso wet wb ne But he pblen Reyaudec eet Yovsand wen sage Stetson te sue vs yout Sop iteyouteh tame pe nade cy aa tbo ahs rd you el tele You ee people {Singh hod hen oe te arr oleavd be dere ough And youn Tat Ths why fezcnedan 138 rc 8) {pon ey Yo wie ou Sib You think wee sere te th Yes tty And they ‘ve th hn, maybe they wot ke hs joe What Sats one Wl ey Hef Yes they wil eye Buty co ee bese You te Je do weh tw be fe But he problem, Sen aun eet 139 fre 1) Ge potion cedas have that we veto Stn alt st comedians vel between £0 and SOs yn You ay have hl he wek at hanes fe week aay tom he an trap ton my sede The wee nd nes week Fraetonn twee err sn Londo The reat that wong n cond. Tat wl be two can el you ts eny bong an Engish Came Scion Te flowag eet hve 2 sens eat he Tat’ On apy to sped tne wth ny omy The wee he ht, tm gor to bein onan aan, peroming at the same Gab 2s Roe Als uvting suite hard Rist good for your seateshin you iow, wth your pro ou {emi And te mney at ea ethe An oth Cota ll ave wrk nay Mage wit age ‘ont And when fee's no wok, eno money st hve aad! Youkae to eay ove beng 8 Cneban tty nthe UNIT 3: VOCABULARY PLUS 1.40 (Gercise 2) 1 You promised todo it 2 earanged to give you ase 3 managed to doit UNIT 3: EVERYDAY ENGLISH 1.41 erie 4) tae Could you take a look at his document, Mehmet? swoaaet No probiem washer can yu do it?’ prety urgent. eae In very busy today. Let me think. can look ati fst hing tomerrow 5 that OX? lune That’ ie but need you fo wite a report ont by fey ‘axnaer sure thing You have it on Fiday, that's roms, ‘wns Glen ‘cnet 'm geting a cote, do you want one, Luke? ‘wre Thanks, ys i have black, no sogat And, um ‘an you tl everyone to stop chatting and do Same work ‘wenutt You tl hem, Luke. Tey run to the desks! ‘WHE Hey, guys, get back to work! 22 (Eeerse 1) 1 Nave you ever sent an embarassing mato the wrong person? 1 No, Fve never done that, have you? ‘05 have twas tere I wrote an ema About my boss oa end | sad my boss was fea ble det eal my bs by ‘mistake! '8.0h no! What happened? ‘AL got a test message from someone | did't now ese Hae you eer rece a ex message rom a stanger 1 Yes, have Tsai t's been along time thinking about you ‘Interesting! Did youreph? ayes! UNIT 4: LESSON 2 23 Exercise 6) ‘5 How long have you been hee? 1 We've been her for abou thee weeks. When dit you are? 1 ust this moening 1 You mus go othe beach ‘5 Weve been Theses geen! UNIT 4: LESSON 3 24 (Exercise 3) ‘ean: the bath the shower othe) housewor, the wonng, the washing up empty: the dishwasher, the dustin the ge ‘make yout bed ‘se the washing machine, the dshwasher ‘acuum: the carpet ‘wash: the Kitchen for 25 (Exercise 6) ‘We a have todo household asks — we have to make the beds, lean the shower, put out the dustin The ‘questions who does them? People with enough ‘money usualy employ a deanet. But ot eveyone with ‘money has a deaner. Some people actual enjoy ding housework! The othe big question about household {asks sof couse, the man in your household happy te vacuum or wash the kitchen flor? So we asked peopl, Do you like doing housework? and Who does the housework in your household? 26 (Exercise 7) ‘wont | hate doing housework i's so bong. But ‘as dont want ove na dy house and cen dont have money for a ean Bot Gavin and | wok and we sare the housework between ‘Gavi’ vey good be neve complains. Maas My wile des the hosework she's a housewife ‘and we have tre cen two ae under five havea fulltime job and ake werk home, I don't have time to do housework wane ave doing housenor, i's lain, Koning — love it | vacuum every dy of couse ~ dust ist {0d for you~ and I wash the chen for every {ay too. My rm did the same. ive alone a ke 2 dean hows. ve ust done the waning ‘wont Who does the housework? Um. weal do but oot very often rm ata. | share a flat wah fends — theyre a couple ~ and none of us enjoys doing housework, 50 ou fat ist exacty dean Thee ate more important things in fe than a dean howe. susie done howenor. havea dane, he comes vey ay ad he oes ver Inats te tnd, ana the hice 29 arcie 12) tune This pce mes! Have you vocuaned yt, Tomas? does ok ie TOMAS Te pst done testing room. haven't done te beioons yet Fd them suax The hal dn age he al Tous Wat ume ae you pret ang? tex Seven thay TOMAS: OF have fv mites Thee staying the whole weed, fe hey? Te never met Your Borers What re hey Ia? wor The OC They they hate ines. owas Great, get! How do they el about st? tw They hte hat oo Hm Ts Not neds ‘washing. Toss We don't have time todo that Atleast they Tove aboot ees 2 god ng Jas ay ote weekend Hy, we mist change the sheets. ax Te aay changed them. i that ast ight owas Cool Oh =I haves ut the fod inthe oven eA vegas em te sux. aed done that. put he in the pa ‘ho, thea over the flee now Ma Mam, ast ww X09 Helo! tn 70 you! Sos our ne at re ap Have you ever thought of geting aan? UNIT 4: VOCABULARY PLUS 28 (Exercise 1) '8 You tum the computer ono ff here 8 You often need a password to get onto a website. You cick ona fle with your mouse to open it D ttisnt very loud. Turn up the volume! You cick an the X icon to dose a fe 29 (xercise 3) 1 goto a wedding 2 be divorced / maried! single / together 3 have a partes relationship 4 get dhorced / maried UNIT 4: EVERYDAY ENGLISH 2:10 (Exercise 3) 1 Cant have a word with you? 2 Hi doyou have a minute? 3 Excuse me, Can have afew minutes of your time? “4 Do you have time fora quck chat? 5 How are things? 6 Let ime inoduce myst 2.1 (Exercise 4) ‘Max Excuse me Cant have afew minutes of your time? Wee doing a survey and jst ke to ask you a few questions wowan Who are you doing this for? aw Ob, let me intoduce mysel My name's Bly Walton and the survey's for he local newspapet wowan Um, how log wil this take? Max ust two minutes. \woHAn OK but no longer than that please. ‘Maw The surveys on attitudes to technology wowan OK! ‘wan So, the fst question i, ‘wow You know, have 1 90, ‘man That was the iast question, Thanks so much for you tine WOMAN It asa pleasure. So when wil the survey be in the paper? ‘Mat think a coupe of weeks something ke that. ‘onan OK, ook forward to it 2:2 (Exerase 7) ‘Maw Hi Do you have time for a quick chat? wouan fim Transcripts 81 252 eemone @ om be en ham ome ty aad oun? oman bm a be vy gah Deca Sta am © ten mene ba €: Hot Hee omen (0 20 say Nae ge bee nae ang wr ese Se you som ‘tage Em om gg os Sone some? wen ea oe a) mb eg, Units 3 & 4 review 214 damrce 5) tau (oo et | awe tome dy ‘mes Sewer tae Aaa (m gong bed oa mene ‘comes Ay | haw Soeur 2 yo. tan OF wat? (cme |e 9b sang nex sor ei We aco Wy Comes maraed wo sro you LOA Wel I spree Tel me abo te ‘Gees Vie you tm my Send Mie? He's ety ‘tated anew bos manage oa scare comand ey and held me ey mae ‘somecre Dae So, | went a caer at week 24 gt them gong oes ce ne weet toasamse 101A Viel a's beat Fm rey lead Stow ou Rave’ ben vey happy oa whe coms Ne haven't ander bore mean Be "ts ae great bt you know, | ned 8 pe. tour Beng» howe husbnd & a pope ‘mes Wel ar you tow tou Wet what abou al be women who ae Fewiewrves? You on Now many Rows you wrk cere ay You ahs ay teres 50 muchO oO 2 peer eb ‘ms. Ys, OG that’s ue But need wget oto he howe i need 92 out to work and eam Some ‘money Then fel god abot mse to Yeah rely understand. We need fd ‘cuir cms es, we wil Jean's starting shea 0 Septebe Tat wi hep Shall we get 3 deans? Lous Na tnk we can do dot yu? ‘ms You know how mach you hate dong housework "ou never vacuum tout promse,M vacuum, And wash upto. cons Wow! 215 (Cross cltre exercise 2) There are now about 14 millon house husbands a the UK~ hey tay at home whither wes 9 ot to work That's ten tes as many house husbands os ten years ago, Men and women no Yonge feel that {he man esto go ou 9 wotk Chidcar 's xpensve ard the woman earns more maney, te man chen happy look ater te household and arly th China, men started to stay at home about 2000, Some of these men peter not ote ters ‘about ther new role as ther mages very important “radtionaly, the woman has aways layed at home in nda. But cides now, about 3% of men ar stay Athome dads and 12% of single men say they have v0 problem wit he idea In Austala, les than 19 of men ate house tusbands. Unit 5 UNIT 5: LESSON 2 2.16 Exercise 1) backpack, bumbag, checkin, checkout, corkscrew, (suitcase, guidebook, hare, ron, joumey, luggage, pack, penkte, ssors, size, wave tip, unpack, voyage, weight, whe! 82. Transcripts 27 amen re See Racer Fah sae ae OG, A 298 none 13 A Stow ne ater © you tasers tag Same 2 Apr com Soe Sumees Some 9 Penne 6 mang some. (SOY SH Siege Taper 219 awe 8 epee pars S De seraect and Dem te we Seams tag Shane / om me | om me wears © ros sapeg bag Share # adhe) pars | Paes # Sampee Home ge Ss Ach Sor soe eamOE Howe pe see ane sachs pom (ary gong on 2 hp we Shangpee Stargia! soe Sarge Ff Serty gong Pee Sage waar S:LESSOm 3 220 aeese 3) smrunmcana, Goa moms ad wecone te Poet ‘Pose De you ew goon ang Bight ane ame fering aby erties a © Be SO ‘5 Gemma Hone aster Wty By an oy? an erp on ng Sotance vet So ark ou for Come Gemma ‘el wy do we ge eg? caman Wel Bf yu By 20S Svea De ZS Yes boa) Cock ges Cnheed You at ted Ba ‘he day and you rt sep 2 srveremen So wha tout we 10 bd &? cama Tice at see vey Spi Bangs YOY ‘Sends nk ety of wae bt you en rk {ho much acchol ans cae And you shoud eat teary mel on baad eer sremnewen es £5 25) eat co mach # you oe (cena es 5 Ad 05105) your ea a8 tine to. But you shed getup ard mone eu 20g te fart ad So ees ard eres 350 3 god es Ceange yes waco Tew ee 2 sw you etn Pepe erenewen What 250c when You get tee? Shout we do aytnng specs? ‘ceanan You shoal by 1 do things atthe new’ tne from the moment you ave. 0 Stay anak ut fight and then seep. Go ove oof you can. ‘an hep ou eperence the new te o ay sweramvewen Thank you very much fr those ts, ‘Gemma conan 1s please 221 (exerci 7) annaron Alice's going to Canada for conference Her husband, Mike 590g take her tthe arpor but he says he has do some thegs est. er fight 5 at 1135, aaron 9.25 ANCE 1 ine twenty fe Mike We shoud go ont ‘want toms my plane sez We don't have to leave yet Ace must jst rash ths email! wot be lor. ‘uce Oh, Aight But remeber have to check a two hous before my fght a 9.5, axe Uh huh samaron Five minutes iter 9.30 ‘ce Can we ge, Mite t's half past. Ae We have plenty of time, Ace need to havea ‘quick cee before we go. ‘ce Well OK, but please don't be lng. | might miss ry pane sane OK. OK samnaron Ten minutes ater 8.40 ‘Auce Come on Mike, look atthe time! Ws 9.40! may is my plane sce’ Ok must jst eed the dog before ‘Ace No! You don't have to feed am now. Mie You Can feed ban when you get bck Please le’ go! sae Of, OK. Chil No need to pai 2 neces Smee Soe ma ee at cet mae 8 ee ary eee wer SA ER TE ee ey jonas sos Dae so ee tk it ty aa ie’ bars be ge em — ree Ta i tre sean oot et ae ng meemece Yeo Sos ane 1208 sare ar pee meee vo Hr a ae, a) No soe tne EE Se ne Ding wea ere Be aes pee sort fat mes Bar Ba, Oo Ban export Paeee are coker Highs, et toe yo ver Sina neers te some oe ht en nc cong Sa Sone Me I 22) rene 10 neo fear oop mae yu Ag ag a Sey em wu eae ge De coat Sinise ce genet meen ayer MACE ve messes Phat Sigh MCN Bt OS 6 a aeport Thane ane amor fights. ser Wrst So me? Sax Neon Fm gong By ate ee Aa, Tero no cong sak Goce _o LUMIT 5: VOCABULARY PLUS, 224 fexerose 1) 1 dower get 2 asapter Sewer, UNIT S: EVERYDAY ENGLISH 225 ceeercse 1) Amt Thome Sphone Garge S$ plow Sstampoo fn a form. Right whats your name? ruaweiten Balanowsy, Viagem sarrexawt Oh right coud you spel that for sme please? mayttlin BALANOV SY, ATTENDANT B’A-LANO.V'S 4X Vinee TayeuL fm saying atthe Hiton. Pork ane ATTENDANT OK APG you've starved rem Mosca ~ what was the fight rumba Mr Baloo? ‘maven Balanowsty! Luftharsa I 0388 va ankturt ArTeNGANT Right Now, I'm going to show you same ectures of Bags. Which one of Bese mos He yous? Is ie ese? "RAWELLER No. n't a Backpack Young peop backpacks nt people ite me arvenoan Of course rot What about Ose? ‘MayeLLEN No sn a bag. R's 9 wane he the one “arTonoant And stg oF salt? “ArtooANT And what colow 1? ’ 'RAWELLEN Red. Manly red, but with some back am, [ATTENAMT Weil we'll do ou best fo ind. Mr Balloon ‘aavaten Balanovsiy! Oe ee pe pees rou om Pees 27 ay ust one more question Siiane Me um ah sree se ath utae might be? et mt be Moxos roe he you te fr you ight? See se teen anetel esa hen tase mg bem ar ‘ou changed planes there Tec thats bun ol ben rank at bet a Moscow ons rah ve be London and we jst ent fond Ke el Rape you ty When do uk coal ee? mt cd be tnght Ft could be tomorow “mens where tow Ws ney ‘ootere [UNIT : LESSON 1 228 Gaecse 4) 1 ihe st ume we had really bad snow, a iend of rine got stuck for sx hous. Satous! 1 ea 01h yes going to be prepaed © yh 1 Hod ths realy good website witha checks of ‘hogs fr dng in winter. 1 Sowhat does say? 1 Wel obvious things ike aways have a warm jacket, goes and boots and then things that we ays epithe ca al the te - torch ado fst aid ‘UC On and something to lan the snow of the windiceen foc nave al hose in my ca too. 1 dad tap aways havea blanket too — for. vormth~ and sunglasses because the sun sow in vwrter and an umbrella to keep dry — because if ou get wet you get cold 1 sa goad idea to have an extra mobile phone te and hare ta, thnk Anda mae phone 1 Yes theyre on the stand food and ik are on the Isttoo~a cholate bar anda borte of wate, 229 (Errese 6) Wal he frst hing i you ever get stuck nthe snow, ‘ep calm. and don't panic know that's ey to say and rot so eay todo but i's tue You can't think ‘eat you parc So just it for afew moments and ‘wet soy. Then you're ready to ake action you can see a house, you should get out and wal thee you can't se anythin, then don't leave the (ar Remember that's very ficult to walk in snow ‘adits easy to get lost. 1's easier or people to find ud you stay your car too Tum onthe engine f you want to kep warm, but (ort eave on 100 lng if you don't want to run out fue Tum to for just item minutes each hour, then tum off again you have a phone. you shoul al someone and te hem what's happened and where you ae Then put on sme warm clothes, drink some wate, ‘eatiome chocolate and just watt But ofcourse yu should always check the weather forecast and road conditions if yout ceiving along say tthe weather condnions are very bad, say at fae! ‘UNIT 6: LESSON 2 230 (beercise 3) 1 Wich of these ae fossil fuels? 2}coa b)o gas Tre ans al of thee 2 Which of these ae greenhouse gases? 4) carbon donde (CO) b)onyen ‘Smetune Cn) o ‘The anvwe i chibon dione and methane 3 Wich country produces the mot greenhouse ‘ses? 4) China) Rusia the USA The anes China 4 How many peopled because of gabal warning every year? 2) 1,500 b) 15,000 « 150,000 The answer 150,000, ‘How long does it take CO, to dsappear from the atmosphere? £2) 10 years) 10 years) 1,000 years The answer's 100 years © Whch of these acts paice genhouse gases? 2) rivng b) cating down tees meat reduction The answers al of then, UNIT &: LESSON 3 2.31 (Exercise 2) 2.32 (Exercise 8) ‘ood evening and thankyou fr coming to this shot talk about animals in danger andthe Chngs that we ‘an dot lp. There ace many, many animals i danger nowadays Sadly, but tonight i'm jst gong to mentions which ae especially in dager ofexincion Fs there's the Amur leopard it Ives in southeast ‘ussa and nrtheast China an ts sin can sell foe ‘51,000. Theyre very, very ose to extinction, There are only about 40 of them et in the wid ‘Second isthe lavan tino ~ ne ofthe rarest ‘mammals nthe world There was time wen ved ‘allover Ai, tut these days there ae only 60 of hem lettin indonesia ‘Then thee’ the mountain gor. ts an animal which Ives nigh oes in Rwanda and Congo in ‘erzalAfica In 1989 there were fewer than 700 ‘mount gorias. Theis numbers have gone up again — {this i great news — ut they sil have fs of problems. There ar ony about 450 Siberian ges et. They ‘beautul animals andthe biggest cats nthe world ‘0's important wo protec them, They only ve the caste part of Rusa. ‘ight whales are creatures which ve in the North ‘Alan along the east coast ofthe US. There are fewer than 350 of these amazing ceatises et even though they've had protectin for more than 80 yeas ‘And my lst animals the gant salamande rom China and Taiwan ~ the agest amphibian inthe word People who keep records arent exact sure how many gant salamander ar lt ut one thing is certain: hey ate becoming rare and ae 233 (serie 7) 18 So why are these animals in danger? Why ar so few of them len the wild? 1 That’ a great question Wel there ae lots of diferent reasons why arimas are in dang ‘The Amur leopard andthe Siberian tiger ae animals that have beaut ur and ther are 3 lot {people who want to wea ery expensive leopard and ge coats! So there are people that hunt them for ther shins Als, thes bones are an ingredient national Asian medicine Ard the frets where the Siberian tiger ves are dsappeatng because people are cuting down the wees. People use rhino her in vadional medicine to and people who ant hino can make alt of ‘money. bins area dying because of disease ‘nd natural dbase ike tsunamis, as these destoy thei habit ‘Mountain orl are dying rom disease to, partly because of increased ours but aso because of wars whch ar dstonng the habia. ‘Also, se people enjoy eating gra meat and ~ ‘ry saty- some people he wo have grit babes pew The giant salamander i another create hat {os ts hastat as movers ad ahs become ‘ity ond polluted But the salamander’ bapest ‘problem that people ie to eat and thas Decome uu fod tem in restaurants in As ght whales havea dierent problem They have had protectin for mary years but thee numbers ‘are sl going down. They ate very bg ad very sow ‘2nd they sw very nea he coast where the wate ‘5.0 30 clean. aso means that they hen cash ‘nto sips and ie a, what can we do to hip? 2.34 (tees 12) ‘av te: advice, Chin, descr, ve nie, tem, moble, igh. wile ‘9 ann ik ge, econ, UNIT 6: VOCABULARY PLUS, 235 (erie 1) Vboxof matches 8 compass 2 sweets 9 map 3 sunceam 10 penkate 4 Sleeping bag hat whe 12 top 6 GPS device 13 Igher 7 mivor 236 bxerise 4) atmosphere, condition, connection, dsappea, energy, ‘example important, mosquta, poste, temperature UNIT 6: EVERYDAY ENGLISH 237 (beercise 2) 15K Fist you need to check ifthe persons ‘breathing or not. To do that, bt he chin and move thet head ack ie this. OF. Then put you eat doi other mouth and stn, You can se their ‘hess moving atthe same time, Are you wih me Se tar Yes? Good ‘Ok then, here’ the next step. f he persons ‘eathing, tum them onto the side and move thei head ack. This the recovery positon ‘Then if you're inthe UK, call 999. Overs cll the emergency number forthe county you'e in Keep an ey o the person unt Rep avtives. 1 that dea? OK I he person int eathing call 999 right away and star to work on the heart immediately. Put ‘one hand on top ofthe other ust ke ths ~ push ‘down song here ~ wath the heel of the hand ~ about 100 times a minute. Li Fm doing now. ‘And you need to keep doing ths unt help ares (Ok? That's very important because f you stop, the person could de Do you understand? Do you have any questions? 1 Yes, sor, im abit contsed about what todo Hf the _ecson an’ breathing. Could you explain it again? 15 Yes sure Lets doit again Transcripts 83 Pronunciation ‘el | pen 69 2 5® Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them. Oven Oban Ober Over Overy Dberry Ovote Diboat Now practise the dialogue with a partner. ‘Do you have time for a game of volleyball Vera? B I'd love one, Bob, but I'm very busy this evening! oliIp! 6% 259 Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them. Obear Cpair Gopull Cbutt buy Opie Obin Opin Now practise the dialogue with a partner. ‘A. Ben's backpack is too big to put on my back. 8 But you can pull it behind you on the path! /y/ In 64.2.4 Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them. Cisung = sun Owing Owin Oren Orang Cigone Ogong Now practise the dialogue with a partner. As The phone's rung nine or ten times! 8 Yes, Iran to answer it but they hung up. 84 Pronunciation [onc voweis J oiPHTHONGS | a ist | sister [A | cold 622 © Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them. Owrite Blight Oread Dlead Orock Clock Dative QDanrive Now practise the dialogue with a partner. A French fries or rice with your ravioli? B I'd really like a green leaf salad with olive oil and lemon juice, please! ‘agit 6} 242 Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them. Cichose toes Cochin Btn Cwhat = CJwatch Cchest = DItest Now practise the dialogue with a partner. ‘A Are you watching the match on Tuesday? 1 8 No, it’s the top ten table tennis tournament! ‘ds 69 243 Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them. Oso Oshow Cishe Osee Osure Osaw Osett Cishett Now practise the dialogue with a partner. ‘A Ave you sure you saw my shampoo? B Yes, I'm certain | saw it in the shower. Al Qousay the words, then listen and number them in £2. order you hear them, Own Clan Fey Eifenry ileal Cleave lew Chview Now practise the dialogue with a partner. ‘a The first ferry to Finland leaves at fivel fs Fantastic! Everyone in the van ... fast! 1/01 ()) © Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them, (thought — C)fought Bilin Cithin Cithree Ofree Difirst Dithirst Now practise the dialogue with a partner. ‘4 Can you find four or five words beginning with ‘f"? 8 No, but | can think of three things beginning with ‘th’. ‘5110 63240 Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them. Githing ~—— C)sing CDsank Ci thank thumb Csum Dithick Osick Now practise the dialogue with a partner. ‘8 Thank you for singing that song, Theo, Such a surprise! 8 | thought you'd think it was special, Thelma, gy 68247 Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them. Diship Ochip Dchair (share watch = Ewash Dishoes choose Now practise the dialogue with a partner. A Fish and chips, children? B No fish, just chips ... and hot chocolate with lots of sugar. Wid) 642.40 Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them, Ohow Ochore (tune Cliune (chunk Ojunk Cicheap Cieep Now practise the dialogue with a partner. A Give Joyce a choice, Jim 8 OK, Japan in January or China in March? ‘e 64240 Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them. Chome (Rome Cirocky Dhockey Chat Ort Chrunny (honey Now practise the dialogue with a partner. Ak Is Rafa running a Russian restaurant in Rio? 8 No, he's having a hiking holiday in the hills in Hawai lagi) 62 250 Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them, Ciet Cyet Ces Ciyes your Olaw Dit Ciyacht Now practise the dialogue with a partner. 18 Has Jack just got a job as a journalist? B Yes, he started yesterday with the New York Times, ‘@ f 2.25) Say the words, then listen and number them in the order you hear them. Owrite Diride Oto Odo Ciwhite Owide Otown (Cdown Now practise the dialogue with a partner, A Please do the dishes, Dora. 8 I can't Dad, I'm writing a letter to Tina, Pronunciation 85 Irregular verbs lent | let Host made meant met | had to | paia put read | rung risen. fun said seen | sold t sent shown | shut ‘sung | sunk sat [slept | spoken spent | stood stolen _| swept [swum taken | taught torn - ‘told | thought | thrown | understood woken [worn won _ written, JETSTREAM », @:ZONE Cloud Book Cyber Homework Mp3 audios Pronunciation Everyday English Exam practice videos CLIL Projects 1450123! > Ra UC uu Pe ueey Cee ae Ue CULE m Ceca PRE ee UC Rae Cn) experience that is fun and motivating and which prepares students to use their English effectively ke wn * Motivating topics Get you interested and communicating * Focus on vocabulary Helps you find the right words * Personalisation Your opinion, your voice - right from the start of the lesson * Grammar to go The right grammar at the right time plus a full grammar reference * Emphasis on speaking Engaging activities to get you talking * Thinking & Memory Encourages thinking and memory training * Cross culture Maximise your social and cultural awaren * Stories Lively stories for extra reading practice * Videos Everyday English brought to life ¢ JETSTREAM Workbook Revision and practice, progress checks and writing skills development * PLUS - fully integrated digital components Lots of options for flexible blended learning www.helblinglanguages.com