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This Chapter Prescribes:

i) The requirements for the grant of an approval to undertake non-destructive testing

of aircraft, components or equipment.
ii) The responsibilities of approved non-destructive testing operators in respect of
inspections on parts of an aircraft or its components and equipment, the failure of
which could jeopardize the safety of an aircraft.

2. Approvals may be granted to undertake and certify non-destructive inspections by

the following methods:

a) Dye penetrant inspection involving the use of dip tanks, emulsifiers, and fluorescent
dye penetrants.
b) Magnetic particle inspection
c) Radiographic inspection
d) Ultrasonic inspection
e) Eddy current inspection

3. An applicant for the grant or extension of a non-destructive testing approval shall:

a) Be the holder of Aircraft Maintenance Technician Licence in Category 'A' and/or 'C'
issued by the Director General.
b) Comply with the visual acquity requirements, and not be suffering from any disability
likely to affect his technical skill or judgement. Visual acquity shall be such that his
natural or corrected near vision in adequate to carry out the various function. An
annual test is required to ensure that he has a reasonable standard of visual acquity
and does not suffer from any colour perception deficiency.

Note: A reasonable minimum standard of visual acquity would be the capability to read the J-1
letters of the standard Jaegars test type chart or an equivalent type test for near vision. The
test for colour perception is not required of applicants for radio graphic and eddy current

NCAR, Chapter D.7 Issue 1, November 1994
Amendment 1, March 2002
c) Have acceptable experience of at least one year dealing with the practical inspection
of aircraft structures and components, or acceptable alternative training or experience.
Specific practical experience and training shall be obtained where prescribed for a
particular NDT method. Where practical aircraft experience is insufficient, the
examination will include a supplementary paper on aircraft structures.
d) Pass a written and oral examination to a standard approved by the Director General
on the appropriate syllabus.
e) Demonstrate that he has adequate practical proficiency in the relevant NDT test

4. Applications for the grant or extension of a NDT Approval shall be made and
submitted to the Airworthiness Division, Aviation Safety Directorate, Civil Aviation
Authority of Nepal. Specific details of the applicant's qualifications and practical
experience shall be submitted with the application.

5. NDT approvals normally will be granted to qualified persons working in an

appropriately approved organizations. Such approvals will continue in force
provided the visual acquity of the holder is tested annually and complies with
requirements of paragraph 3 (b).

Note: From time to time, to holder may be required to submit evidence to the Civil Aviation Authority
of Nepal that sufficient usage of the NDT method is being obtained to retain familiarity and

6. The specific experience and training requirements for approved radiographic and
ultrasonic operators are as follows:

a) Practical experience shall include at least one year's work using the particular
method in the examination of aircraft structures, parts and components. For a
radiographic approval the experience must also include processing and
interpretation of radiographic.
b) A course of study and the particular inspection method acceptable to the
Director General must have been completed successfully.

7. The practical examination to quality for an approval will require a demonstration of

using the particular NDT method. For a radiographic approval the examination will
include a practical test and an interpretation test consisting of the following:

a) (i) The development and recording of techniques for the examination of an aircraft
(ii) The practical application of the techniques.
(iii) The processing of radiographs.
b) (i) The Co-relation of radiographs with a report.
(ii) Identification of various features of radiographs.
c) Safety aspects and methods of preventing radiation hazards.
Note: Safety Precautions.

NCAR, Chapter D.7 Issue 1, November 1994
Amendment 1, March 2002
In view of the serious consequences of excessive exposure of the human body to
X-radiation it is recommended that the following precipitations should be
observed by operators:
a) Film badge monitoring and total radiation obsorbed dose records to be kept.
b) An annual blood count.
c) Personnel dosimeter.
d) A radiation intensity meter.

8. An approved Non-Destructive Testing Operator is approved to certify for the

completion of NT inspections on a Release Note or an approved certificate as
appropriate, provided:

i) The inspection is made by or under the direct supervision of the approved

ii)The approval is valid and appropriate for the method of inspection.
iii) Where relevant the inspection is made in accordance with approved data and
design documents.
iv) The certification is made solely in respect of the results of the inspection.

Civil Aviation AuthorityofNepal.

NCAR, Chapter D.7 Issue 1, November 1994
Amendment 1, March 2002