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4.13.3.

1 The electrode shall be located near the bottom of a


concrete foundation or footing that is in direct contact with the earth
and shall be encased by not less than 50 mm (2 in.) of concrete

K.4 Grounding.

K.4.1 General.

A ground loop conductor should be required for all lightning protection


systems used to protect the subject structures. All down conductors,
structural steel, ground
rods, and other grounding systems should be connected to the ground
loop conductor.
For structures with areas of 46.5 m 2 (500 ft 2 ) or less or those that
can be protected by a
single mast or air terminal, the ground loop conductors should not be
required.

K.4.2 Metal Portable Magazines.

Portable magazines that provide the protection of a


metallic cage as described in K.3.4 should be grounded. Mainsize
conductors should be
used to interconnect the portable magazine to the ground system.
The lightning protection
recommendations in K.4.2.1 and K.4.2.2 for portable magazines are
for single and group
configurations.

K.4.2.1 Single Portable Magazines.

Single portable magazines less than 2.323 m 2 (25 ft 2 )


(using outside dimensions) need only a single ground rod. Single
portable magazines greater
than or equal to 2.323 m 2 (25 ft 2 ) should be grounded by using a
minimum of two separate
ground rods each placed in a different corner. Connections to existing
ground loop
conductors can be substituted for ground rods. All earth connections
should provide as low
as practical resistancetoearth.

K.4.2.2 Portable Magazine Groups.

A portable magazine group is formed when two or


more portable magazines are bonded together aboveground. Portable
magazine groups
should meet the following bonding and grounding recommendations:
(1) Each group should have a minimum of two connections to earth.
Groups exceeding
76 m (250 ft) in perimeter should have a connection to earth for every
30 m (100 ft)
of perimeter or fraction thereof such that the average distance
between all
connections to earth does not exceed 30 m (100 ft).
(2) For small groups requiring only two connections to earth, the
connections should be
placed at opposite ends of the group, as far apart as is practical.
(3) Connections to existing ground loop conductors can be substituted
for ground rods.
All earth connections should provide as low as practical
resistancetoearth.

7.4.1.4.1 Tanks shall be grounded to conduct away the current of


direct strokes and the buildup and potential that causes sparks to
ground.

(C) A tank shall be bonded to ground through a minimum of two


ground terminals, as described in Section 4.13, at maximum 30 m
(100 ft) intervals along the perimeter of the tank.