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CDMA:

CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access is based on “spread” spectrum technology. Since it is suitable forIMT-2000 , will be a wideband version of CDMA with http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/imt-2000/technology.html Definition: IMT-2000 is simply a term used by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) to refer to many third generation (3G) wireless technology, that provide higher data speed between mobile phones and base antennas. Also Known As: IMT2000, IMT stands for "International Mobile Telecommunications" http://cellphones.about.com/library/glossary/bldef_imt-2000.htm 1. ITU Structure 3 sectors: • Radiocommunication • Telecommunication Standardization • Telecommunication Development http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech/events/2005/Damascus2005/Presentations/Day %201/Damascus_1_2_1.PDF Definition: A high speed third generation cellular technology adopted as a standard by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) under the name &IMT-2000 direct spread&. WCDMA can reach speeds from 384 Kbps to 2 Mbps, which represents from 6 to 35 times more than what regular landline modems can do. At that speed, wideband services such as streaming video and video-conference. Alternate Spellings: WCDMA stands for &Wideband Code Division Multiple Access& http://cellphones.about.com/od/cell_phone_glossary/g/wcdma.htm strucrure and concept IMT 2000 " id="pdf-obj-0-4" src="pdf-obj-0-4.jpg">

Code Division Multiple Access is based on “spread” spectrum technology.

Since it is suitable

for encrypted transmissions, it has long been used for military purposes. capacity by allowing all users to occupy all channels at the same time.

CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access is based on “spread” spectrum technology. Since it is suitable forIMT-2000 , will be a wideband version of CDMA with http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/imt-2000/technology.html Definition: IMT-2000 is simply a term used by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) to refer to many third generation (3G) wireless technology, that provide higher data speed between mobile phones and base antennas. Also Known As: IMT2000, IMT stands for "International Mobile Telecommunications" http://cellphones.about.com/library/glossary/bldef_imt-2000.htm 1. ITU Structure 3 sectors: • Radiocommunication • Telecommunication Standardization • Telecommunication Development http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech/events/2005/Damascus2005/Presentations/Day %201/Damascus_1_2_1.PDF Definition: A high speed third generation cellular technology adopted as a standard by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) under the name &IMT-2000 direct spread&. WCDMA can reach speeds from 384 Kbps to 2 Mbps, which represents from 6 to 35 times more than what regular landline modems can do. At that speed, wideband services such as streaming video and video-conference. Alternate Spellings: WCDMA stands for &Wideband Code Division Multiple Access& http://cellphones.about.com/od/cell_phone_glossary/g/wcdma.htm strucrure and concept IMT 2000 " id="pdf-obj-0-12" src="pdf-obj-0-12.jpg">

CDMA increases spectrum

Transmissions are spread

over the whole radio band, and each voice or data call are assigned a unique code to differentiate

from the other calls carried over the same spectrum.

CDMA allows for a “ soft hand-off” , which

means that terminals can communicate with several base stations at the same time.

CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access is based on “spread” spectrum technology. Since it is suitable forIMT-2000 , will be a wideband version of CDMA with http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/imt-2000/technology.html Definition: IMT-2000 is simply a term used by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) to refer to many third generation (3G) wireless technology, that provide higher data speed between mobile phones and base antennas. Also Known As: IMT2000, IMT stands for "International Mobile Telecommunications" http://cellphones.about.com/library/glossary/bldef_imt-2000.htm 1. ITU Structure 3 sectors: • Radiocommunication • Telecommunication Standardization • Telecommunication Development http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech/events/2005/Damascus2005/Presentations/Day %201/Damascus_1_2_1.PDF Definition: A high speed third generation cellular technology adopted as a standard by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) under the name &IMT-2000 direct spread&. WCDMA can reach speeds from 384 Kbps to 2 Mbps, which represents from 6 to 35 times more than what regular landline modems can do. At that speed, wideband services such as streaming video and video-conference. Alternate Spellings: WCDMA stands for &Wideband Code Division Multiple Access& http://cellphones.about.com/od/cell_phone_glossary/g/wcdma.htm strucrure and concept IMT 2000 " id="pdf-obj-0-26" src="pdf-obj-0-26.jpg">

The dominant

radio interface for third-generation mobile, or three modes (IMT-DS, IMT-MC and IMT-TC).

CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access is based on “spread” spectrum technology. Since it is suitable forIMT-2000 , will be a wideband version of CDMA with http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/imt-2000/technology.html Definition: IMT-2000 is simply a term used by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) to refer to many third generation (3G) wireless technology, that provide higher data speed between mobile phones and base antennas. Also Known As: IMT2000, IMT stands for "International Mobile Telecommunications" http://cellphones.about.com/library/glossary/bldef_imt-2000.htm 1. ITU Structure 3 sectors: • Radiocommunication • Telecommunication Standardization • Telecommunication Development http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech/events/2005/Damascus2005/Presentations/Day %201/Damascus_1_2_1.PDF Definition: A high speed third generation cellular technology adopted as a standard by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) under the name &IMT-2000 direct spread&. WCDMA can reach speeds from 384 Kbps to 2 Mbps, which represents from 6 to 35 times more than what regular landline modems can do. At that speed, wideband services such as streaming video and video-conference. Alternate Spellings: WCDMA stands for &Wideband Code Division Multiple Access& http://cellphones.about.com/od/cell_phone_glossary/g/wcdma.htm strucrure and concept IMT 2000 " id="pdf-obj-0-32" src="pdf-obj-0-32.jpg">

will be a wideband version of CDMA with

Definition:

IMT-2000 is simply a term used by the International

Telecommunications Union (ITU) to refer to many third generation (3G) wireless technology, that provide higher data speed between mobile phones and base antennas.

Also Known As:

IMT2000, IMT stands for "International Mobile Telecommunications"

1. ITU Structure

3 sectors:

• Radiocommunication

• Telecommunication

Standardization

• Telecommunication

Development

Definition: A high speed third generation cellular technology adopted as a standard by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) under the name &IMT-2000 direct spread&. WCDMA can reach speeds from 384 Kbps to 2 Mbps, which represents from 6 to 35 times more than what regular landline modems can do. At that speed, wideband services such as streaming video and video-conference.

Alternate Spellings: WCDMA stands for &Wideband Code Division Multiple Access&

strucrure and concept IMT 2000

´IMT-Advanced´ provides a global platform on which to build the next generations of mobile services - fast data access, unified messaging and broadband multimedia - in the form of exciting new interactive services.

IMT-Advanced systems support low to high mobility applications and a wide range of data rates in accordance with user and service demands in multiple user environments. IMT Advanced also has capabilities for high quality multimedia applications within a wide range of services and platforms, providing a significant improvement in performance and quality of service.

The concept of a small, light weight and convenient pocket communicator is a fundamental part of IMT-2000, and providesterminal mobility, which is complementary to the personal mobility and service profile management provided by Universal Personal Telecommunication (UPT).

3.2. Code Division Multiple Access Protocols (CDMA MAC Protocols).

all the nodes in a cell transmit on the channel simultaneously using the orthogonal utilizing the whole spectrum. Spread-spectrum techniques are frequency hopping and direct sequence. In frequency hopped spread spectrum the users transmit their data on spectrum which is generated by varying the frequencies according to algorithm

3.2.1 A MAC Protocol for a Cellular Packet CDMA Carrying Multi rate CDMA

This protocol is designed for a direct sequence CDMA (DS CDMA) cellular network carrying multiple traffic types [12].It is a packet oriented MAC protocol which can handle different traffic types with priorities. The users are classified into different types based on their traffic rate.

IMT-2000

Family of Systems Concept with the understanding that IMT-2000 standardization work is to be carried out in close cooperation with regional standards bodies

Global roaming and seamless service provision to subscribers are key operator targets

Birth of IMT-2000

The concept of IMT came into existence in the mid-1980s at ITU. It took more than ten years for the approval of standards for the next generation systems. These standards are branded as IMT-2000. Under the technical specifications the spectrum between 400 MHz and 3 GHz was dictated technically suitable for the third generation. IMT-2000 is the result of collaboration of many entities, inside the ITU (ITU-R and ITU-T), and outside the ITU (3GPP, 3GPP2, UWCC and so on). This approval has made possible the full interoperability and interworking of mobile systems.

CDMA 2000 Protocol Analyzer

• The concept of IMT came into existence in the mid-1980s at ITU. It took more

This figure shows an overview of a CDMA2000 radio system. This diagram shows that there are several types of devices that can be used in the CDMA2000 system. These include CDMA2000 multiple bandwidth radios and IS-95 CDMA compatible mobile telephones. The CDMA2000 mobile telephone devices are usually capable of operating as IS-95 CDMA and CDMA2000 mobile radios. This diagram also shows that the CDMA2000 system can mix and combine standard 1.25 MHz wide IS-95 channels into the 3.75 MHz CDMA2000 channels.