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LTE Training:

Duration: 2hrs
Topics:

Radio Interface Architecture- PS (No support for Voice


OFDMA
SC-FDMA Flat architecture
Comparision with other technology
Frame and Channel Structure To reduce number of Network elemnts
Channels in LTE
Difference Between TDD and FDD It will directly reduce delay

Dont have any RNC and BSC


infact NB will beave as BSC/RNC
eNB=NB/BTS+RNC/BSC

eNBs are connected are connected with


purpose of x2 interface is: smooth hando

EUTRAN

eNB
X2

eNB

2G

FDMA( NUMBER OF
Radio Technology TRXS)+TDMA (TS)
PS (No support for Voice PCI planing rules

mber of Network elemnts

reduce delay

y RNC and BSC


beave as BSC/RNC
+RNC/BSC

ected are connected with each other via X2 interface


interface is: smooth handover between eNB.: Loss less handover

EPC- CP
MME- TAU----
NAS Signalling.//

EPC-UP

P-GW: transfer
user data

3G 4G
CDMA(USERS ARE
SEPARATED WITH SIMILAR TO THE 2G: fdma--
CODES > OFDMA. GSM: CARRIER SPACING
lte: CARRIER SPACING IS
ICI WILL INCREASE DUE T
Meaurements in LTE few examples with test cases

MME- TAU----
NAS Signalling.//

External
network
nsfer S-GW:
to allocate IP address
to UE

SM: CARRIER SPACING IS ALMIST 200K


e: CARRIER SPACING IS ONLY 15K----> MORE SPECTRUM EFFIECINCY
I WILL INCREASE DUE TO COMPRESSED SPACING BETWEEN ADJ CARRIER.
OFDMA During sapmling OF PERTICULER SYMBOL:
ling OF PERTICULER SYMBOL: ---> IT HAS PEAK,,,, BUT OTHER SYMBOL HAS IDEALY ZERO VALUE
ENTIRE SPECTRUM IS DIVIDED IN SMALL SUB CARRIERS.
WITH SPACING OF 15KHZ
We will allocate minimim 12 sc to any user
we will alocate : 12sc*15=180khz
in time domain: 1ms

ALY ZERO VALUE


Down Link to Uplink Transmission Gap

Reference Signal

PUCCH

PBCH

Secondary Synchronization Signal

Primary Synchronization Signal

DC Sub Carrier

PRACH

PDCCH, PCFICH, PHICH

PD-SCH/PU-SCH
Upper Layers

DL

RLC

CCCH

DTCH
BCCH

PCCH

DCCH
Logical channels

DL-SCH MAC

Transport channels
BCH

PCH

PHY
PCFICH

PDCCH

Synch
PDSCH

PHICH
PBCH

Air interface

Physical Layer Structure


Single EARFCN parameter.
Single Channel Bandwidth parameter.
Utilizes a Frame Type 2 with special S subframes.
Downlink Physical Signals
Location of Synchronisation Signals are different (no parame
UE-Specific Reference Signals (Beamforming)
Uplink Physical Channels and Signals
Sounding Reference Signals
Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH) Format
UL Hopping
Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH) Format
UL Hopping
Upper Layers

UL

RLC MCCH

MTCH
ogical channels

CCCH

DCCH
DTCH
MAC
MCH

UL-SCH
ansport channels

RACH
DRS
SRS

PHY
Synch

PMCH
RS

PUCCH
PRACH

PUSCH
Air interface

bframes.

erent (no parameters required)


ng)

Format
Format
DCCH
Slot 0 Slot 1 Slot 2 Slot 3 Slot 4 Slot 5 Slot 6 Slot 7 Slot 8 Slot 9 Slot 10 Slot 11 Slot 12 Slot 13 Slot 14 Slot 15 Slot 16 Slot 17 Slot 18 Slot 19
Subframe 0 Subframe 1 Subframe 2 Subframe 3 Subframe 4 Subframe 5 Subframe 6 Subframe 7 Subframe 8 Subframe 9
PRACH Burst PRACH PRACH
Format 0 Burst Format 1 and 2 Burst Format 3

Slot 0 Slot 1 Slot 2 Slot 3 Slot 4 Slot 5 Slot 6 Slot 7 Slot 8 Slot 9 Slot 10 Slot 11 Slot 12 Slot 13 Slot 14 Slot 15 Slot 16 Slot 17 Slot 18 Slot 19
Subframe 0 Subframe 1 Subframe 2 Subframe 3 Subframe 4 Subframe 5 Subframe 6 Subframe 7 Subframe 8 Subframe 9
PRACH Burst
Format 4 PRACH
Burst

Format
0

Slot 0 Slot 1 Slot 2 Slot 3 Slot 4 Slot 5 Slot 6 Slot 7 Slot 8 Slot 9 Slot 10 Slot 11 Slot 12 Slot 13 Slot 14 Slot 15 Slot 16 Slot 17 Slot 18 Slot 19
Subframe 0 Subframe 1 Subframe 2 Subframe 3 Subframe 4 Subframe 5 Subframe 6 Subframe 7 Subframe 8 Subframe 9
PRACH Burst
PRACH
Burst
4

Format
0
Format

Slot 0 Slot 1 Slot 2 Slot 3 Slot 4 Slot 5 Slot 6 Slot 7 Slot 8 Slot 9 Slot 10 Slot 11 Slot 12 Slot 13 Slot 14 Slot 15 Slot 16 Slot 17 Slot 18 Slot 19
Subframe 0 Subframe 1 Subframe 2 Subframe 3 Subframe 4 Subframe 5 Subframe 6 Subframe 7 Subframe 8 Subframe 9
Formula Range Resolution decimal
RSRP -44 to -140 1dbm 97 to 00
RSRQ (N*RSRP)/R-3 to -19.5 0.5db 34 to 00 3GPP TS 36.133
RANK
In priority order, number 1 most important (all four
ideally)

Avoid assigning the same PCI to neighbour cells

2. Avoid assigning the same mod3 (PCI) to ne

3. Avoid assigning the same mod6(PCI) to neighbou

4. Avoid assigning the same mod30 (PCI) to neighb


ost important (all four should be fulfilled,

o neighbour cells

me mod3 (PCI) to neighbour cells

mod6(PCI) to neighbour cells

mod30 (PCI) to neighbour cells