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1V-2-82 1.

1
gruntis ganawileba jgufebad damuSavebis sirTulis mixedviT snip IV-2-82 kr. 1,1 -is mixedviT

Distribution of soil into groups according to difficulty in accordance with SNiP 1V-2-82 Book 01.01
1
, -
IV-2-82 -
.
gruntis meqanizirebuli wesiT damuSaveba . - ..

Excavation of soil by mechines gruntis Qqanis -
/1
jgufebi snip simtkicis 20,
gruntis maxasiaTebeli da saSualo ,
# IV-2-82 kr. 3-is koeficienti m. 1m-ze burRvis
dasaxeleba simWidrove eqskavatorebiT
gruntis mixedviT protodiakovis sufTa dro
Name and brief characteristics of bunebriv By Excavators damuSaveba
.
gayinuli Cutting the slits Category of soils skalis wuT.
the soil pirobebSi greideri greidere
buldoze xeliT in accordance to mixedviT Time to clean the
Average - skrepereb T levatore saburR-amwe grunti in the frozen
. Manual
density iT
riT
With biT meqanizmebiT Frozen soils ground with the Snip IV-2-82 Book Coefficient on a drilling of 1 m of
With excavation of 3 scale rock fortress the hole with
KG/M 3 erT CamCiani bevrCamCiani rotaciuli Road scrape Grader With grader- With crane- drilling
Buldozer soil (by hand) Protodjakonova MM hammer drill
With one With multiple milebisTvis elevator boring machine Machenery
backet backets Rotary
1 2 3 4 5 excavator
6 for 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
/ siltstone

1 ) / 1500 IV - - - - - - - IVp - - IV 1,5-2 / till 3,1


a) low-tensile
) / b) soft-tensile 2200 V - - - - - - - Vp - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
/ anhydrite
2 2900 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI 6-8 4-5,3
(karstenite)
/ argillite
(mudstone)
) / a)
2000 V - - - - - - - Vp - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
3 tabular softed

) 2200 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI 4-6 4-5,3


/ b) solid of average hardness
/
4 2600 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI 6-8 4-5,3
Bauxite of average hardness


-
/ Permafrost and
seasonally frozen ground thawing
) , ,
- , ,
, 1150 I I I I I IV 0,6-2
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
/ a) topsoil, peat, sand, 1750 II I I I I IV 0,6-2
sandy loam, loam and clay without
impurities
) , ,
,
, , ,
20%
10% / b) sand, sandy loam, 1950 III _ _ _ _ _ _ V 0,6-2 _
5 loam and clay mixed with gravel,
pebbles, gruss, crushed stone, in an
amount up to 20%, and boulders
up to 10%
5

) , ,
,
,
20%
10%, -
- 2100 III _ _ _ _ _ _ III III III III VI 0,6-2 _
/ c) sand, sandy
loam, loam and clay mixed with
gravel, pebbles, gruss and crushed
stone of more than 20% and more
than 10% of boulders and gravel,
pebble and stony soils, grussy
--
( )
: / Pebble-gravel-
sand soils (except drift) with
particle size:
) 80 / a) up to 80 mm 1750 I - II II II III - - II - - II 0,6-2 -
) 80 / b) more than 80 1960 II - III - III - - - III - - III 0,6-2 -
mm

) 80
1950 III - - - III - - - III - - III 0,6-2 -
10% / c) over 80 mm
6 containing boulders up to 10%

) 80 2000 IV - - - IV - - - IV - - III 0,6-2 -


30% / d) more than 80
mm containing boulders up to 30%

) 80
2300 V - - - IV - - - Vp - - III 0,6-2 -
70% / e) more than 80
mm
) containing
80 boulders up to 70%

70% / f) more than
80 mm and boulders containing 2600 VI - - - IV - - - VII - - III 0,6-2 -
more than 70%
7 / Row gypsum 2200 V - III - - - - - Vp - - IV 1,5-2 3,1 / till 3,1
/ Clay
) -
/ 1800 II II II II II II II I II III II II 0,8-1 -
a) gently and tight plastic, without
impurities

) -,
, ,
1750 II II II II II III - I II III II II 0,8-1 -
8
10% / b) soft and tight plastic
mixed with gravel, pebbles, gravel
or debris up to 10%
) -
10% / 1900 III - III II II - - - IV IV III 1-1,5 -
III
c) soft and tight plastic admixture
more than 10%
) / d) semisolid 1950 III - III II III III III II III - - III 1-1,5 -
) / e) solid 1950-2150 IV - III - III - - II IV IV III IV 1-1,5 -
/
Top Soil
)
/ 1200 I I I I I I I I I I I I 0,5-0,6 -
a) without any root, shrubs and
trees
9
)
/ 1200 I II I I I - - I II I I II 0,5-0,6 -
b) with root, shurbs and trees
) ,
/
1400 I II II I II - - - II II III II 0,8-1 -
c) mixed with crushed stone,
gravel or debris

() /
Soils of glacial origin (morainal)

) ,


0,5
2 10% / a) sand, sandy loam 1600 I - - - I - - - I - - II 0,8-1 -
and loam with a coefficient of
porosity or consistency indicator of
more than 0.5 and the content of
particles larger than 2 mm up to
10%

) ,

0,5

0,5
2 1800 II - - - II - - - II - - III 0,8-1 -
10% / b) sand, sandy loam and
loam with a coefficient of porosity
or consistency indicator to 0.5 for
the index of clay consistency and
content of more than 0.5 particles
larger than 2 mm up to 10%
)
0,5
2
10% , ,

10
1850 III - - - III - - - III - - III 0,8-1 -
0,5
2 : / c) the consistency
of clay for the index to 0.5 and the
content of particles larger than 2
mm up to 10% sand, sandy loam,
loam and clay, with a coefficient of
) 35% / d) up to 35% 1800 II - - - II - - - II - - IV 1-1,5 -

) 65% / e) up to 65% 1900 III - - - III - - - III - - V - -

) 65% , ,


0,5
2
: / f) more than 65% sand, sandy 1950 IV - - - III - - - VI - - VI - -
loam, loam and clay with a
coefficient of porosity or
consistency indicator to 0.5 and the
content of particles larger than 2
mm:
) 35% / g) up t 35% 2000 IV - - - III - - - IV - - IV 1-1,5 -
) 65% / h) up to 65% 2100 V - - - IV - - - V - - V - -
) 65% / i) more than 65% 2300 - - - - IV - - - VI - - VII - -
) (
200
50%)
/ j)
2500 - - - - IV - - - VII - - - - -
float stone soil (content of particles
larger than 200 mm over 50%) in
all indicators of porosity and
texture

/ Dolomite
11 ) / a) average 2700 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI 8-12 4-53
hardness
) / b) stable 2800 - - - - - - - - VII - - VII 12-14 5,4-6,7

12 () / Gravel in bedrock 2000 V - - - - - - - V - - V 1,5-2 3,2-3,9
(eluvium)
/ soil with
13 1800 IV - - - - - - - IV - - IV 1,5-2 3,1 / till 3,1
gravel
() /
Serpentine
) / a) soft-tensile 2400 - - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
14
) / b) average
2500 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI 4-8 4-5,3
hardness
) / c) stable 2600 - - - - - - - - VII - - VII 8-12 5,4-6,7
/ limestone
(chalkstone)
) / a) soft-tensile 1200 V - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
15
) / b) average
2300 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI 4-8 4-5,3
hardness
) / c) stable 2700 - - - - - - - - VII - - VII 8-12 5,4-6,7

/
16 2500 - - - - - - - - VII - - VII 8-12 5,4-6,7
Quartzite, slate with average
strength
/
Conglomerates and breccias
)
/ a) on clay cement 1900-2100 V - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
soft-tensiled
17
) 2300 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI 4-8 4-5,3
/
b) on lime cement average strength
)
/ c) on siliceous cement 2600 - - - - - - - - VII - - VII 8-12 5,4-6,7
stable


(, , ,
, .)
: / The
indigenous underlying rocks
(granite, gneiss, diorite, syenite,
gabbro, etc.) weathered:
18 )
/ 2500 - - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
a) coarse and soil with gravel soft-
tensiled
)
/ b) medium-grained 2600 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI 4-8 4-5,3
average strength
) / c)
2700 - - - - - - - - VII - - VII 8-12 5,4-6,7
fine-grained, stable


(, ,
-, .)
19 - 2600 - - - - - - - - VII - - VII 8-12 5,4-6,7
/ The
indigenous effusive rocks
(andesites, basalts, porphyries
trachytes, etc.) heavily weathered
average strength
: / aeolian soil / L
) / a) soft
1600 I II II I I I I I I II I I - -
20 plastic
) / b) tight
1800 I II II II I II - - II II I II - -
plastic
) / c) stable 1800 IV - - II III - - - III III II III - -
: / soft lime stone
21 ) / a) low- 1550 IV - - - - - - - IV - - IV 1,5-2 3,1 / till 3,1
tensile
) / b) soft-tensile 1800 V - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
/ Chalky clay
) / a) low-
1900 IV - - - - - - - IV - - IV 1,5-2 3,1 / till 3,1
tensile
22
) / b) soft-tensile 2300 V - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
) / c) average
2500 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI 4-6 4-5,3
strength
/ Marble (granular
23 2700 - - - - - - - - VII - - VII 10-12 5,4-6,7
limestone)
: /
Construction Garbage (debris)
24 ) / a)
loose and compressed 1800 II - - - II - - - II II - - - -

) / b)
1900 III - - - III - - - II II - - - -
cemented
25 / Silica clay 1900 V - - - - - - - V - - V 1,5-2 3,2-3,9
26 / Pumice 1100 - - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
/ Sand
) / a) without
1600 I II II II II II III I I I I I - -
admixtures
) , ,
,
10% / 1600 I II II II II II III I I II III I 0,5-0,6 -
27 b) However, mixed with gravel,
pebbles, gravel or construction
waste up to 10%
) , 10% /
c) same, mixed with more than 1700 I - II II II - - - II II III II 0,5-0,6 -
10%
) / d)
travel dune and dune 1600 II - III - III III - - II - - II 0,5-0,6 -

: / Sandstone

) , 2200 - - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9


/ a) weathered, soft-tensiled
28 )
/ b) on clay cement 2300 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI 4-6 4-5,3
with average strength
)
/ c) on lime cement 2500 - - - - - - - - VII - - VII 6-12 5,4-6,7
stabled
: / Shelly limestone
(shelly soil)
) -
/
1200 III - - - - - - - IV - - IV 1,5-2 3,1 / till 3,1
29 a) semiconsolidated, low-
strenngthed
)
/ b) consolidated, 1800 V - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
soft-tensiled



( IV V
30 - VI - IV - IV - - - - - - - - -
) / Rocky soils
preliminary loosened (except the
categories which referrs to IV
and V th groups)
: / Shales soils
)
/ a) weathered, low 2000 V - - - - - - - IV - - IV - 3,1 / till 3,1
strengthed
31 ) , / b) 2600 V - - - - - - - Vp - - V - 3,2-3,9
clay soil, soft-tensiled
) / c) average
2800 - - - - - - - - VI - - VI - 4-5,3
strength
) , / d)
2300 - - - - - - - - VII - - VII - 5,4-6,7
silicified, stable
: / Saour
soil / Salzboden
32
) / a) plastic, (soft) 1600 I II II I I I I I II II I II - -
) / b) solid 1800 III - III - III III - II IV III II IV - 3,1 / till 3,1
: / Clay loam (loamy
soil)
)
/ a) soft plastic without 1700 I I I I I I I I I II II I 0,6-0,8 -
addmixtures
) , ,
,
10%
/ 1700 I II II I I I - I I III IV I 0,6-0,8 -
b) same, mixed with gravel,
crushed stone, gravel or debris up
to 10% and a tight plastic without
addmixtures

)
33
10%,
10%,

10% / 1750 II - II II II - - - II III IV II 0,8-1 -
c) softed with a mixture more than
10%, tight plastic mixed with up to
10%, as well as a semi-solid and
solid without admixtures and also
mixed with up to 10%

)
, ,
1950 III - II - II - - - III III IV III 1-1,5 -
10% / d) semi-solid and solid
mixed with gravel, pebbles, gravel
or debris more than 10%
/ Sandy loam (loamy
sand)
) / a) 1650 I II II II II II II II I I I I 0,5-0,8 -
plastic without mixtures

) ,

,
34 10% / 1650 I II II II II II II II I II III I 0,5-0,8 -
b) without solid admixtures also
plastic and solid with a mixture of
crushed stone, gravel or debris up
to 10%
)
10% / c) plastic
1850 I - II II II - - - II II III II 0,8-1 -
and solid with a mixture more than
10%
: / Peat (turf)
) / a)
800-1000 I I I I I I I I I II I I 0,5-0,6 -
without of tree roots
)
35 30 /
850-1100 I I I I I - - I II II II II 0,6-0,8 -
b) with tree roots up to 30 mm
thickness
) , 30 / c) same
900-1200 II - I - II - - - II II II II 0,6-0,8 -
more than 30 mm thickness
/ Tripoli / Tripel
) / a) low-
36 tensiled 1550 IV - - - - - - - IV - - IV 1,5-2 3,1 / till 3,1

1770 V - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9


) / b) soft-tensiled
37 / Tuff / Schwemmstein 1100 V - - - - - - - V - - V 2-4 3,2-3,9
(Tuff)

: / Mould humus and
chestnut soil
) / a) plastic 1300 I I I I I I II I I II II I 0,5-0,6 -
38 )
/
b) plastic with the roots of shrubs 1300 I I I I I I II I II II II II 0,5-0,6 -
and trees
) / c) stable 1200 II II II II II III III II III II II III 0,8-1,5 -
: / Crushed stone
) 40
/a) with a particle size of up to 40 1750 II - - - III - - - II - - II 0,8-1,5 -
39 mm
) 150
/ b) with a particle size of up to 1950 II - - - III - - - III - - III 0,8-1,5 -
150 mm
: / Slag
) / a)
700 I I - - - - - - I - - I 0,6-1 -
cindered mellow soil
40 ) / b) 700 - I - - I - - - II - - II 0,8-1 -
cindered compressed soil
)
/ c) metallurgical - II II - - I - - - III - - III 1-1,5 -
weathered

: Remark:

1. Strength of the soil specified in


1.
accordance with GOST 25100-95
25100-
"Classification of Soils. ".
95 . .