4 views

Uploaded by MahmoudSehweil

- Case Study 0002-FPC SCMAG-M30-6S With 20% Gas Appplication
- Mechanical Interview Questions
- Application of Quality Function Deployment In
- KSB
- Example Pumps Presentation
- Series or Parallel Pump Operation
- Pumps
- Types of Pumps
- Gm-1232 Project Report
- framo service buletin
- Daftar Pustaka Teknik Kimia
- Daftar Pustaka Teknik Kimia
- VSD vs Pumps
- Pump Basics 6-13
- Flomatic Pump Control Valve
- 191004_2.pdf
- One Hour Centrifugal Pump University
- turbomachine 3rd
- Pulsation Dampeners
- r5310302 Hydraulic Machinery and Systems

You are on page 1of 8

FLUID MECHANICS LAB

ENME 321

EXPERIMENT # 8

Centrifugal pump power measurements

Instructors:

Dr. Adel Dwek

Prepared by:

DiaaHamdan 1090242

Saji Al-mashad 1091825

Ahmad Al-jamal 1090526

March 4, 2013

Abstract

The centrifugal pump is a machine whose prime function is to pump or

circulate liquid from one place to another place. Centrifugal pumps consist of

a set of rotating vanes , enclosed within a housing or casing, used to impart

energy to a fluid through centrifugal force. Centrifugal pumps operate using

kinetic energy to move fluid utilizing an impeller and a circular pump casing.

The impeller produces liquid velocity and the casing forces the liquid to

discharge from the pump converting velocity to pressure. The fluid enters the

pump near the center of the impeller and is moved to its outside diameter by

the rotating motion of the impeller. The vanes on the impeller progressively

widen from the center of the impeller that reduces speed and increases

pressure. This allows centrifugal pumps to produce continuous flows at high

pressure. By forcing the fluid through without cupping it, centrifugal pumps

can achieve a very high flow rate.

with angular velocity of 2500 RPM will be calculate, the relation between the

head loss the efficiency, electrical and mechanical power also will be

considered.

The required data we have to take in order to reach the goal of this

experiment is the inlet and outlet pressures, the force, the voltage and the

current that produced by the pump when changing the flow rate.

Objectives

The objective of this experiment is to become more familiar with some basic

centrifugal pump characteristics and operations, and how to calculate the

overall efficiency of the pump and the mechanical power by using equations.

Sample Calculation

The electrical power is calculated by the equation:

We = V*I

We=V*I=181*2.8=506.8 Watt

2

The Head in meter is calculated by the equation :

p105

H= g

Where: p = outlet pressure inlet pressure = p2-p1

is the water density = 1000 kg/m3

g is the gravity acceleration = 9.81 m/s2

p10

5

( 1.80 )105

H= g = 10009.81 = 18.35 m

gQH

= We

Where: Q is the volume flow rate in m3/s

gQH 10009.81( 0 )18.349

= ( )*100%= ( 100 = 0.00

We 506.8

T=0.165*F

Where: F is the force in N

T=0.165*F=0.165*8=1.32 N.m

2 NT

Wm= 60

Where: N is the angular velocity

For the pump which use in this experiment N=2500 RPM

2 NT 2 ( 3.14 )( 2500 ) (1.32)

Wm= 60 = 60 = 345.40 Watt

Wm 345.4

m= We ( )100 = 506.8 )*100%= 68 %

3

Results : Tables & Graphs

Table 1 : The measured values of the inlet and outlet pressure, volume flow

rate, voltage and current:

pressure pressure rate

Run P1 P2 Q F V I

bar bar L.P.S N V A

1

0 1.8 0 8 181 2.8

2

0 1.8 0.7 10.5 180 3.3

3

0 1.78 1.1 12.25 180 4

4

0 1.75 1.6 13.5 180 4.5

5

0 1.7 2 14.5 180 5

6

0 1.4 3.2 20.5 180 6

7

-0.02 1.2 4 21.5 180 7

8

-0.02 0.6 5 24.5 180 7.5

efficiency, torque, mechanical power and mechanical efficiency:

Rum l power y l power

H We e T Wm m

M watt % N.m watt %

1

18.35 506.8 0 1.32 345.40 68

2

18.35 594 21 1.7325 453.34 76

3

18.14 720 27 2.02125 528.89 73

4

17.84 810 35 2.2275 582.86 72

5

17.33 900 38 2.3925 626.04 70

6

14.27 1080 41 3.3825 885.09 82

7

12.44 1260 39 3.5475 928.26 74

8

6.32 1350 23 4.0425 1057.79 78 4

Graphs :

1100

1000

900

800

700

mechanical power (watt)

600

500

400

300

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

5

We VS vloume flow rate

1450

1250

1050

We (Watt) 850

650

450

0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5

Graph (2): The power required to drive the pump ( We) VS volume flow rate

45.00

40.00

35.00

30.00

25.00

Head & efficiency (H&) (m & %) 20.00

15.00

10.00

5.00

0.00

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Graph (3): The head and the overall efficiency vs the volume flow rate :

Discussion of results

6

From the experiment we can determine some values that help us to calculate the power required

for driving the pump and the efficiency and the mechanical pump.

From graph (1) we can see the relationship between the mechanical power and the volume flow

rate, and so when the volume flow rate increase then the mechanical power increase.

From graph (2) we can see the relationship between the electrical power and the volume flow

rate, and so when the volume flow rate increases then the electrical power increase.

From graph (3) we can see the relationship between the head and the overall efficiency according

to the volume flow rate, and so the efficiency increases with increasing flow rate to a certain

point then it starts to decrease, but when the volume flow rate increase then the head decrease.

Conclusion

In this experiment we were able to examine the characteristics of the centrifugal pump and the

how it operates. Also the values of the power required to drive the pump We, the mechanical

power Wm , and the efficiency of the pump where calculated for different volume flow rates.

According to graphs (1) & (2) it's clear that the mechanical power and electrical power required

to drive the pump increases with increasing of the flow rate, since the minimum power required

to drive the pump occurs at the minimum volume flow rate, and the maximum power occurs at

the maximum volume flow rate.

According to figure (3) we see that the Head of the pump decreases with increasing flow rate ,

however the efficiency increases with the increase of flow rate to a certain point (flow rate) then

it starts to decrease . We can notice that the maximum efficiency occurs at a flow rate of ( Q =

3.5 L/s ) , and this value will change if the RPM of the pump changes.

We note that the voltage which uses to determine the power is nearly 180 V which is around the

220 V which is source voltage.

Some errors were present in this experiment , these errors happened when calibrating the RPM to

( 2500 ), taking the readings of voltage, current and pressure. Also some errors made during the

balancing of the pump force, and the way of how to control the volume flow rate.

Appendix

7

References:

Fluid Mechanics Laboratory Notes

Data:

pressure pressure rate

Run P1 P2 Q F V I

bar bar L.P.S N V A

1 0 1.8 0 8 181 2.8

2 0 1.8 0.7 10.5 180 3.3

3 0 1.78 1.1 12.25 180 4

4 0 1.75 1.6 13.5 180 4.5

5 0 1.7 2 14.5 180 5

6 0 1.4 3.2 20.5 180 6

7 -0.02 1.2 4 21.5 180 7

8 -0.02 0.6 5 24.5 180 7.5

- Case Study 0002-FPC SCMAG-M30-6S With 20% Gas AppplicationUploaded byDelfinsh
- Mechanical Interview QuestionsUploaded byamurugan_22
- Application of Quality Function Deployment InUploaded bydian
- KSBUploaded byOktiara Dwita Pertiwi
- Example Pumps PresentationUploaded bysonpvms
- Series or Parallel Pump OperationUploaded bykarthikraja21
- PumpsUploaded byadehriya
- Types of PumpsUploaded byVicky Jegan
- Gm-1232 Project ReportUploaded byajitmistri
- framo service buletinUploaded byViijaay Nehra
- Daftar Pustaka Teknik KimiaUploaded byMarcel Lina
- Daftar Pustaka Teknik KimiaUploaded byMarcel Lina
- VSD vs PumpsUploaded bycvolkan1
- Pump Basics 6-13Uploaded byClaudiu Mihai
- Flomatic Pump Control ValveUploaded bySaravana Karthikeyan
- 191004_2.pdfUploaded byDill Lagi
- One Hour Centrifugal Pump UniversityUploaded byPaul Maposa
- turbomachine 3rdUploaded bySharnbasappa Wale
- Pulsation DampenersUploaded bydharmeswar
- r5310302 Hydraulic Machinery and SystemsUploaded bysivabharathamurthy
- Expt. 6 Centrifugal PumpUploaded byPradeep Diwakar
- Pump - WikipeUploaded byguganesannn
- Hydro Lab Manual_RaghuUploaded byraghurmi
- NP_12BUploaded bypnsanat
- 3 SERIES_ENG.pdfUploaded byRezky Nugraha
- Bahan Kuliah Pompa & Kompresor 2017Uploaded bySyafiq Muhammad Abdillah
- compressorsUploaded byAdan Javed
- Pressure BoosteUploaded bykakkrot
- Catalog in d Chem FloUploaded byjvnaveen
- Interview Data: How to tackle a difficult interviewUploaded byDeepakGawas

- Closed Leveling and ProfilingUploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- Awni-Al-Aref-1122051-ENCE-411Uploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- hussein-2-1Uploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- Exp#2 WagdyfinalUploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- exp#1 wagdyUploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- Fall Cone Method 2015Uploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- t4.pdfUploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- 3.7.pdfUploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- Assignment SH BM 2016Uploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- Experiment 7Uploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- 06 Jet ImpactUploaded byTiffany Jones
- Experiment 7Uploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- Flow Over WeirsUploaded byFaiq Aqillah
- 1411294910.3123Impact of a Water Jet- ExperimentUploaded byKrm Leo
- Bearing Capacity, Shape, Depth, and Inclination FactorsUploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- Experiment 5Uploaded byMahmoudSehweil
- Cement, Gypsum, And LimeUploaded byMahmoudSehweil

- Boron-Thesis (for FINAL)Uploaded byAhmed Ali
- 005Uploaded byGerardo Serrano Valencia
- Conjunction sUploaded bylistalist
- Swarna Mala PrayogUploaded byPawan Madan
- K723 FinalUploaded byAnis Shaikh
- Tuberculosis of Bones and JointsUploaded byrein
- Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel Laureate in Vancouver, 1929Uploaded byFreedomandLeela Sikh Priest
- ExercisesUploaded byBechara Haddad
- Poiesis and Imagination in the Aesthetic Experience : The Moment of Grace in Computer Game Play.Uploaded byARSGAMES
- Chapter 3 Definition_ DisabilityUploaded byAnimesh Kumar
- Radioactivity Theory EUploaded bythinkiit
- competitive analysis of pricingUploaded byGohar
- Basic Modes of OperationUploaded byMiggy Ceballo
- November 17, 2013Uploaded bySt. Francis Borgia Parish
- Golovkova Anna a. Srividya. Edited by KnUploaded byspanda
- MFR-AppNotesUploaded byVinh Do Thanh
- Oriented Sample for XRDUploaded byAdarta Muh
- unit33portfolioUploaded byapi-320658411
- dhammapadaUploaded byAnser Mehmood
- R&B Fakebook 2nd Ed IndexUploaded bydeybis3
- Clinical Questions and PICO 2012Uploaded byGogularaajan Rajendran
- 1. IM CPCUploaded byDeepak Ghimire
- Biccum, Interrupting DevelopmentUploaded bymmutman
- DupScout Server ManualUploaded byFlexense
- SierraSil_InfoGuide_CA (1)Uploaded byCameron
- - Smith 2011 Neuroscience vs. Philosophy - Taking Aim at Free WillUploaded byhoorie
- MimeUploaded byIzzat Ismail
- Short TestUploaded bySyairah Ibrahim
- Biochemistry and the Organization of Cells-chap 1Uploaded byscribdusernumber21
- Composition Writing GlencoeUploaded byMay Grace D. Salazar