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CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS

This set of specifications shall govern the methods of construction and the kinds of
materials be used for the proposed building shown in the plans and detail drawings.

The plans, detail drawings and these Specifications shall be considered as complementing
each other, so that what is mentioned or shown in one, although not mentioned or shown in the
other, shall be considered as appearing on both. In case of conflict between the two, the same
should be referred to the designing Engineer for the resolution.

GENERAL CONDITIONS

All parts of the construction shall be finished with first class workmanship, to the fullest
talent and meaning of plans and these specifications, and to the entire satisfaction of the Engineer
and the owner.

The construction shall conform to all the requirements of the National Building Code, as
well as the local rules and regulations of the Municipality of Cabarroguis, Quirino, Philippines.

CLEARING THE SITE

The building site shall be levelled according to the plans and cleared of rubbish, roots and
other perishable and objectionable matters to a suitable subgrade.

All such unsuitable materials shall be removed from the building site and spread
uniformly over the areas adjacent to the proposed building, or otherwise disposed of as may be
directed by the Engineer in charge of the construction.

Staking out building lines

The building lines shall be staked out and all lines and grades shown in the drawing
established before any excavation is started. Batterboards and reference marks shall be erected at
such places where they will not be disturbed during the excavation of the building.

EXCAVATION
All excavations shall be made to grade indicated in the drawings. Where the building site
is covered with any kind of fill, the excavation for footings should be made deeper until the
stratum for safe bearing capacity of the soil is reached.

Whenever water is encountered in the excavation process, it shall be removed by bailing


or pumping, care being taken that the surrounding soil particles are not disturbed or removed.

BACKFILLS

After concrete for foundations is hard enough to withstand pressure resulting from fills,
the materials removed from excavation shall be used for backfill around them.

Backfill and fills shall be placed in layers not exceeding 150mm in thickness, and each
layer shall be thoroughly compacted by wetting, tamping and rolling.

CONCRETE WORKS

All concrete shall be mixed thoroughly until there is a uniform distribution of the cement
and aggregates, should be deposited as nearly as practicable in its final position, care being taken
to avoid segregation of the aggregates.

Water to be used for mixing concrete shall be clean and free from injurious amount of oil,
acids, alkalis, salts and other organic material.

Proportioning of the concrete

All concrete works shall be done in accordance with the standard specifications for plain
and reinforced concrete as adopted by the Government. Cement to be used shall be_________
portland cement, ____________ pozzolan cement or any other equivalent brands more readily
available in the locality. Alternative cements so selected must meet the requirements of the
Portland and pozzolan cements, and approved by the Architect or Engineer in charge of the
construction.

The following proportions of concrete mixtures shall be used for the various parts of the
building:

Columns and Footings -Class A (1 : 2 : 4)

Concrete Hollow Block footing -Class B (1 :2 : 5)


Reinforced Concrete Beams and Slabs - Class A (1 : 2 : 4)

Concrete slab floor on fill -Class C (1 : 3 : 6)

Septic Vault Cover - Class A (1 : 2 : 4)

Class A concrete shall be a mixture of 1 part cement, 2 parts fine aggregates and 4 parts
coarse aggregate by volume, plus enough clean water to make the mixture into a pliable paste.

Class B concrete shall be a mixture of 1 part cement, 2-1/2 parts fine aggregates and 5
parts coarse aggregate by volume, plus enough clean water to make the mixture into a pliable
paste.

Class C concrete shall be a mixture of 1 part cement, 3 parts fine aggregates and 6 parts
coarse aggregate by volume, plus enough clean water to make the mixture into a pliable paste.

The fine aggregate for concrete shall consist of natural sand, or inert materials with
similar characteristics, having clean, hard and durable grains, free form organic matter loam.

The coarse aggregate for concrete shall consist of crushed rock of durable and strong
qualities or clean and hard gravel. Size of the coarse aggregate to be used shall vary from 20mm
to 40mm (3/ to 1-1/2).

FORMS FOR CONCRETE WORKS

All forms for concrete works shall be properly braced or connected together so as to
maintain the correct position and shapes of the concrete members. Forms shall be constructed
sufficiently tight to prevent bulging and seepage of water.

Forms shall not be removed until the concrete has attained sufficient strength to support
its own weight and any loads that may be placed on it. Side forms of beams and girders may be
removed earlier than the bottom forms but additional posts or shoring must be placed under the
beams or girders until they have attained their strength.

CONCRETE SLAB FLOOR ON FILL


Concrete slabs on fill shall be poured on a gravel bed of not less than 100mm thick. Each
concrete slab course to be poured shall not be more than one meter wide, and each course shall
be poured alternately to the indicated floor finish.

Second Floor Toilet-Bath and Balcony Concrete floor slabs

When preparing the concrete for upper floor slabs of toilet-bath and balcony its shall
waterproof by adding__________ waterproofing compound mixture.

The proportion of the waterproofing compound to a given volume of concrete mixture


shall be as recommended by the product manufacturer.

Steel Reinforcing Bars

All steel reinforcing bars to be used in this construction shall consist of round deformed
bars with lugs or projections on their sides to provide a greater bond between the concrete and
the steel. All steel reinforcing bars to be used shall be ___________.

All steel reinforcing bars shall be accurately placed and secured against displacement by
tying them together at each bar intersection with Gauge No. 16 galvanized iron wire.

No metal reinforcement shall be installed in place unless it is free from rust, scale or
other coatings, which will destroy the bond with concrete.

CONCRETE HOLLOW BLOCK

Concrete Hollow block to be used in this project shall be___________.

All exterior concrete hollow blocks to be used for first floor walls shall be at least 150mm
thick, while concrete hollow blocks for interior walls unless otherwise indicated, shall be 100mm
thick. For interior CHB walls where plumbing pipes and fittings shall be located, the thickness
shall be at least 150mm.

Concrete hollow block to be used for walls above the first floor, shall be 100mm thick.

The concrete hollow block walls shall be laid, and the cells filled with cement mortar
consisting of 1 part Portland cement and 3 parts by volume. They shall be reinforced with round
deformed bars 10mm diameter, spaced not more than on centers, bothways.
All exposed surfaces of concrete hollow block walls shall be finished with the specified
materials indicated on the elevation drawings.

The mixture of cement plaster for concrete hollow block wall finishes indicated in the
drawing shall be 1 part cement and 3 parts sand.

FLOOR FINISHES

TILE WALL AND FLOOR FINISHES

The toilet and bathroom floors shall be finished with tiles.

The walls of the toilets, bathrooms, top of kitchen cabinets.

Interior and exterior corners of tiled floors and walls shall be provided with the necessary
tile mouldings.

All tiles for floor, walls and mouldings shall be free from laminations, serrated edges,
chipped-off corners and other defects, which would adversely affect their appearance and
strength. All joints between tiles and mouldings shall be filled with ________ white cement and
then carefully wiped.

Before the tiles and mouldings are laid in place, they shall be thoroughly soaked in water
if recommended by the manufacturer. Mortar to be used in setting the tiles and moldings shall be
a mixture of 1 part cement and 2 parts sand by volume.

LUMBER

FRAMES

ROOFING

ELECTRICAL WORKS

The electrical installation shall be done in accordance with the approved plans and under
the direct supervision and control of a licensed Professional Electrical Engineer or Master
Electrician.

All electric works and materials shall conform to the provisions of the latest edition of the
Philippine or National Electric Code.
The electrical wiring shall be installed thru ____ coilable PVC electrical conduit, fittings
and appurtenances that conform to ISO dimensions.

The type of electrical services to be supplied to the building shall be 220V, AC, single
phase.

There shall be only one service drop from the nearest Electrical Company pole to the
proposed building. Electric wires for light and power shall not be smaller than 13.5mm 2 (AWG
No. 12), 600V insulation.

Electrical materials to be used for the electric installation shall be as follows:

Automatic Circuit Breaker..specify

Flush wall switches, convenient outlets other wiring devicesspecify

Wires/conductors.specify

(List other materials, if necessary)

The space circuit shall be provided with an empty PVC pipe, size 19mm diameter which
should extend at least 300mm above the ceiling line. The grounding wires shall be identified and
all wires shall be color coded for easy identification.

The panel board shall be provided with a circuit directory.

PLUMBING WORKS

All plumbing works for this project shall be done in accordance with the approved plans
and under the direct supervision and control of a licensed Sanitary Engineer or Mater Plumber.

Piping shall be properly graded or pitched to ensure easy circulation, drainage and
prevent water hammer and noise.

The plumbing installation shall conform to the provisions of the National Plumbing Code
and the rules and regulations enforced in the locality.

Piping for drain, waste and vent shall be done using _________ uPVC push-on system.
For the in-house water supply installation, ___________ uPVC pipes and fittings shall be used.
The plumbing fixtures and accessories to be provided and installed shall be as follows:

Water Closets

Lavatories

Kitchen Sinks

Shower Heads

Soap Holder

Toilet paper holder

Floor Drain.Size 100mm x 100mm (4 x 4) Satinless Pipes

Where a sanitary sewer system of sewage disposal is not in operation in the locality, a
standard septic vault shall be constructed as shown in the drawings.

DOORS AND FRAMES

Doors and door frames shall conform to the sizes, designs and kind of materials shown in
the details of doors, schedule of doors or as per the bill of materials.

STEEL WINDOWS

Steel windows to be used in this project shall conform to the size and designs shown in
the detail drawings or schedule of steel windows, or as per bill of materials.

JALOUSIE WINDOWS

STORM DRAINAGE

All downspouts from the roof gutters shall end in concrete catch basins.

PAINTING

The painting contractor shall supply all tabor, paint materials, tools, staging and
equipment necessary, and shall perform all painting and finishing work as shown in the schedule
of painting and finishing work of this project.
The painting contractor shall store his materials in one place in the building to be kept
neat and clean, care being taken in the storage of paints, oils, etc. to prevent danger of fire. Oily
rags shall be kept in material containers and shall be removed from the building every end of the
working day.

Upon completion of the painting works, the painting contractor shall remove any paint
spots from all finished work. He shall present his work to the Project owner or Engineer in-
charge of construction, free from blemishes and rubbish generated by his workers.

It shall be the painting contractors responsibility to protect his work and those of the
other contractors during the time his work in underway. He shall be responsible for any damage
to the work or property of others caused by his employees or by himself.

Before any painting is done, all surfaces shall be cleaned, smoothed and freed from dust,
dirt, grease, mortar, rust and other foreign substances. All parts where paint remover has been
used shall be washed off with paint or lacquer thinner. All paints shall be spread evenly and
carefully.

All paint and paint materials shall be delivered to the building site in unbroken packages,
bearing the marks of the specified brand. No adulteration of specified paints with other brands
shall be allowed.