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# Name: ________________________

Final exam
Practice

Part Three:
Equations
Expressions
&
Inequalities
Page |1

## Pre-Assessment: How much do you already know?

1. The equation, 4 + 6 = 22 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

a. = 28
b. =4
c. = 18
d. =6

## 2. Find the error in solving the equation.

Equation: 4 + 11 = 33
4 + 11 = 33
Step 1: 11 11 Undo the addition of 11 by subtracting 11 from both sides.

Step 2: 4 = 44 This is the result when you subtract 11 from both sides.

## a. The error is in step 1.

b. The error is in step 2.
c. The error is in step 3.
d. The error is in step 4.
Page |2

## 3. Determine which of the following expressions and equations has a solution of 4.

i. +3=92
ii. 3 = 12
iii. 40 4 + 4
iv. 40 (6 + 4)

a. i and ii
b. i and iii
c. ii and iv
d. All of the above

4. Emerson has four less than three times as many hats as Jaden. If Jaden has h hats, write
an expression to represent the number of hats Emerson has.
a. 4 3
b. 3 4
c. 3 + 4
d. 3 + 4

## 5. Choose the inequality that represents the following:

Four times the number of pencils that Amy owns is greater than or equal to 60.

a. 4 60
b. 4 < 60
c. 4 > 60
d. 4 + 60

6. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
m 4

5( + 4) 5
4

a. 5 +4
b. 5 +9
c. 5 + 20
d. 9
Page |3

## 7. Choose the expression that is equivalent to the expression 2 + 8

a. 2( + 4)
b. 2(2 + 4)
c. 2( + 8)
d. 2(2 )

8. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 3 + 17 5 is the same as 3 + 5 17. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 3 + 17 5 is the same as 3 5 + 17. Who do you think
is right?
a. Ms.Cole
b. Mr. T
c. Both
d. Neither

## FINAL SCORE: ________ out of 8

Page |4

Practice problems
1. The equation, 3 + 8 = 26 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

2. The equation, 7 + 2 = 30 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

3. The equation, 4 + 7 = 19 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

4. The equation, 5 + 6 = 56 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

5. The equation, 4 + 13 = 25 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?
Page |5

## 6. Find the error in solving the equation.

Equation: 3 + 10 = 1
3 + 10 = 1
Step 1: 10 10 Undo the addition of 10 by subtracting 10 from both sides.

Step 2: 3 = 9 This is the result when you subtract 10 from both sides.

## e. The error is in step 1.

f. The error is in step 2.
g. The error is in step 3.
h. The error is in step 4.

## 7. Find the error in solving the equation.

Equation: 5 12 = 32
5 12 = 32
Step 1: +12 + 12 Undo the subtraction of 12 by adding 12 to both sides.

## i. The error is in step 1.

j. The error is in step 2.
k. The error is in step 3.
l. The error is in step 4.
Page |6

## 8. Find the error in solving the equation.

Equation: 8 + 26 = 10
8 + 26 = 10
Step 1: +26 + 26 Undo the addition of 26 by adding 26 to both sides.

## m. The error is in step 1.

n. The error is in step 2.
o. The error is in step 3.
p. The error is in step 4.

## 9. Find the error in solving the equation.

Equation: 12 + 6 = 30
12 + 6 = 30
Step 1: 6 6 Undo the addition of 6 by subtracting 6 from both sides.

Step 2: 12 = 36 This is the result when you subtract 10 from both sides.

## q. The error is in step 1.

r. The error is in step 2.
s. The error is in step 3.
t. The error is in step 4.
Page |7

1. Emerson has four more hats than Jaden. If Jaden has h hats, write an expression to
represent the number of hats Emerson has.

2. Enrico has five fewer footballs than Journey. If Journey has f footballs, write an
expression to represent the number of footballs Enrico has.

3. Daniel has two more than four times as many songs on his ipod as Willie. If Willie has s
songs, write an expression to represent the number of songs Daniel has.

4. Deanna has two more than five times as many sweaters as Stephanie. If Stephanie has s
sweaters, write an expression to represent the number of sweaters Deanna has.

5. Abnel has three less than six times as many computers as Amy. If Amy has c computers,
write an expression to represent the number of computers Abnel has.

6. Journey has six more than four times as many apples as Aylene. If Aylene has a apples,
write an expression to represent the number of apples Journey has.

7. Alaysia has two more than eight times as many pet tigers as Joshua. If Joshua has t
tigers, write an expression to represent the number of tigers Alaysia has.

8. Gabriela has nine less than six times as many pet tarantulas as Tyonna. If Tyonna has t
tarantulas, write an expression to represent the number of tarantulas Gabriela has.
Page |8

## 9. Write the inequality that represents the following:

Six times the number of pencils that Lanaiya owns is greater than or equal to 25.

## 10. Write the inequality that represents the following:

Three times the number of hats that Emerson owns is greater than 75.

## 11. Write the inequality that represents the following:

Five times the number of flowers that Ashley D. picks is less than or equal to 25.

## 12. Write the inequality that represents the following:

Three less than eight times the number of cats that Ms. Cole has is greater than 20.

## 13. Write the inequality that represents the following:

Four times the number of apples that Mekhi eats is less than or equal to 12.
Page |9

14. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
x 2

3( + 2) 3
4

15. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
y 7

8( + 7) 8
4

16. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
k 5

2( + 5) 2
4

17. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
j 3

6( + 3) 6
4

18. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
2s 3

5(2 + 3) 5
4
P a g e | 10

a. 2(3 + 12)
b. 6( + 2)
c. 2( + 6)
d. 6( + 12)

a. 5( + 2)
b. 5(5 + 2)
c. 5( + 10)
d. 5(5 )

a. 2( + 4)
b. 2(2 + 1)
c. 4( + 1)
d. 2(2 )

a. 3( + 5)
b. 3( + 15)
c. 3(3 + 5)
d. 18

## 23. Choose the expression that is equivalent to the expression 6 + 18

a. 6( + 18)
b. 3(2 + 6)
c. 3(8 )
d. 3(2 + 18)
P a g e | 11

24. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 12 3 + 2 is the same as 12 2 + 3. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 12 3 + 2 is the same as 10 + 2 3. Who do you think is
right?

25. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 10 + 1 5 is the same as 10 + 5 1. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 10 + 1 5 is the same as 10 5 + 1. Who do you think is
right?

26. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 10 + is the same as 10 + . Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 10 + is the same as 10 + . Who do you think is
right?

27. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 2 + 5 3 is the same as 2 + 3 5. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 2 + 5 3 is the same as 2 3 + 5. Who do you think is
right?

28. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 3 + 12 5 is the same as 3 5 + 12. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 3 + 12 5 is the same as 3 + 5 12. Who do you think
is right?

29. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 6 + 22 3 is the same as 6 3 + 22. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 6 + 22 3 is the same as 6 + 3 22. Who do you think
is right?
P a g e | 12

## Post-Assessment: How much did you learn?

1. The equation, 4 + 6 = 22 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

a. = 28
b. =4
c. = 18
d. =6

## 2. Find the error in solving the equation.

Equation: 4 + 11 = 33
4 + 11 = 33
Step 1: 11 11 Undo the addition of 11 by subtracting 11 from both sides.

Step 2: 4 = 44 This is the result when you subtract 11 from both sides.

## a. The error is in step 1.

b. The error is in step 2.
c. The error is in step 3.
d. The error is in step 4.
P a g e | 13

## 3. Determine which of the following expressions and equations has a solution of 4.

i. +3=92
ii. 3 = 12
iii. 40 4 + 4
iv. 40 (6 + 4)

a. i and ii
b. i and iii
c. ii and iv
d. All of the above

4. Emerson has four less than three times as many hats as Jaden. If Jaden has h hats, write
an expression to represent the number of hats Emerson has.
a. 4 3
b. 3 4
c. 3 + 4
d. 3 + 4

## 5. Choose the inequality that represents the following:

Four times the number of pencils that Amy owns is greater than or equal to 60.

a. 4 60
b. 4 < 60
c. 4 > 60
d. 4 + 60

6. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
m 4

5( + 4) 5
4

a. 5 +4
b. 5 +9
c. 5 + 20
d. 9
P a g e | 14

## 7. Choose the expression that is equivalent to the expression 2 + 8

a. 2( + 4)
b. 2(2 + 4)
c. 2( + 8)
d. 2(2 )

8. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 3 + 17 5 is the same as 3 + 5 17. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 3 + 17 5 is the same as 3 5 + 17. Who do you think
is right?
a. Ms.Cole
b. Mr. T
c. Both
d. Neither