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Name: ________________________

Final exam
Practice

Part Three:
Equations
Expressions
&
Inequalities
Page |1

Pre-Assessment: How much do you already know?

1. The equation, 4 + 6 = 22 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

a. = 28
b. =4
c. = 18
d. =6

2. Find the error in solving the equation.


Equation: 4 + 11 = 33
4 + 11 = 33
Step 1: 11 11 Undo the addition of 11 by subtracting 11 from both sides.

Step 2: 4 = 44 This is the result when you subtract 11 from both sides.

Step 3: = Undo the multiplication by 4 by dividing by 4

Step 4: = 11 This is the result when you divide by 4.

a. The error is in step 1.


b. The error is in step 2.
c. The error is in step 3.
d. The error is in step 4.
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3. Determine which of the following expressions and equations has a solution of 4.

i. +3=92
ii. 3 = 12
iii. 40 4 + 4
iv. 40 (6 + 4)

a. i and ii
b. i and iii
c. ii and iv
d. All of the above

4. Emerson has four less than three times as many hats as Jaden. If Jaden has h hats, write
an expression to represent the number of hats Emerson has.
a. 4 3
b. 3 4
c. 3 + 4
d. 3 + 4

5. Choose the inequality that represents the following:

Four times the number of pencils that Amy owns is greater than or equal to 60.

a. 4 60
b. 4 < 60
c. 4 > 60
d. 4 + 60

6. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
m 4

5( + 4) 5
4

a. 5 +4
b. 5 +9
c. 5 + 20
d. 9
Page |3

7. Choose the expression that is equivalent to the expression 2 + 8


a. 2( + 4)
b. 2(2 + 4)
c. 2( + 8)
d. 2(2 )

8. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 3 + 17 5 is the same as 3 + 5 17. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 3 + 17 5 is the same as 3 5 + 17. Who do you think
is right?
a. Ms.Cole
b. Mr. T
c. Both
d. Neither

FINAL SCORE: ________ out of 8


Page |4

Practice problems
1. The equation, 3 + 8 = 26 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

2. The equation, 7 + 2 = 30 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

3. The equation, 4 + 7 = 19 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

4. The equation, 5 + 6 = 56 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

5. The equation, 4 + 13 = 25 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?
Page |5

6. Find the error in solving the equation.


Equation: 3 + 10 = 1
3 + 10 = 1
Step 1: 10 10 Undo the addition of 10 by subtracting 10 from both sides.

Step 2: 3 = 9 This is the result when you subtract 10 from both sides.

Step 3: = Undo the multiplication by 3 by dividing by 3

Step 4: = 3 This is the result when you divide by 3.

e. The error is in step 1.


f. The error is in step 2.
g. The error is in step 3.
h. The error is in step 4.

7. Find the error in solving the equation.


Equation: 5 12 = 32
5 12 = 32
Step 1: +12 + 12 Undo the subtraction of 12 by adding 12 to both sides.

Step 2: 5 = 20 This is the result when you add 12 to both sides.

Step 3: = Undo the multiplication by 5 by dividing by 5

Step 4: = 4 This is the result when you divide by 5.

i. The error is in step 1.


j. The error is in step 2.
k. The error is in step 3.
l. The error is in step 4.
Page |6

8. Find the error in solving the equation.


Equation: 8 + 26 = 10
8 + 26 = 10
Step 1: +26 + 26 Undo the addition of 26 by adding 26 to both sides.

Step 2: 8 = 36 This is the result when you add 26 to both sides.

Step 3: = Undo the multiplication by 8 by dividing by 8

Step 4: = 4.5 This is the result when you divide by 8.

m. The error is in step 1.


n. The error is in step 2.
o. The error is in step 3.
p. The error is in step 4.

9. Find the error in solving the equation.


Equation: 12 + 6 = 30
12 + 6 = 30
Step 1: 6 6 Undo the addition of 6 by subtracting 6 from both sides.

Step 2: 12 = 36 This is the result when you subtract 10 from both sides.

Step 3: = Undo the multiplication by 12 by dividing by 12

Step 4: = 3 This is the result when you divide by 12.

q. The error is in step 1.


r. The error is in step 2.
s. The error is in step 3.
t. The error is in step 4.
Page |7

1. Emerson has four more hats than Jaden. If Jaden has h hats, write an expression to
represent the number of hats Emerson has.

2. Enrico has five fewer footballs than Journey. If Journey has f footballs, write an
expression to represent the number of footballs Enrico has.

3. Daniel has two more than four times as many songs on his ipod as Willie. If Willie has s
songs, write an expression to represent the number of songs Daniel has.

4. Deanna has two more than five times as many sweaters as Stephanie. If Stephanie has s
sweaters, write an expression to represent the number of sweaters Deanna has.

5. Abnel has three less than six times as many computers as Amy. If Amy has c computers,
write an expression to represent the number of computers Abnel has.

6. Journey has six more than four times as many apples as Aylene. If Aylene has a apples,
write an expression to represent the number of apples Journey has.

7. Alaysia has two more than eight times as many pet tigers as Joshua. If Joshua has t
tigers, write an expression to represent the number of tigers Alaysia has.

8. Gabriela has nine less than six times as many pet tarantulas as Tyonna. If Tyonna has t
tarantulas, write an expression to represent the number of tarantulas Gabriela has.
Page |8

9. Write the inequality that represents the following:

Six times the number of pencils that Lanaiya owns is greater than or equal to 25.

10. Write the inequality that represents the following:

Three times the number of hats that Emerson owns is greater than 75.

11. Write the inequality that represents the following:

Five times the number of flowers that Ashley D. picks is less than or equal to 25.

12. Write the inequality that represents the following:

Three less than eight times the number of cats that Ms. Cole has is greater than 20.

13. Write the inequality that represents the following:

Four times the number of apples that Mekhi eats is less than or equal to 12.
Page |9

14. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
x 2

3( + 2) 3
4

15. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
y 7

8( + 7) 8
4

16. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
k 5

2( + 5) 2
4

17. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
j 3

6( + 3) 6
4

18. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
2s 3

5(2 + 3) 5
4
P a g e | 10

19. Choose the expression that is equivalent to the expression 6 + 12


a. 2(3 + 12)
b. 6( + 2)
c. 2( + 6)
d. 6( + 12)

20. Choose the expression that is equivalent to the expression 5 + 10


a. 5( + 2)
b. 5(5 + 2)
c. 5( + 10)
d. 5(5 )

21. Choose the expression that is equivalent to the expression 4 + 4


a. 2( + 4)
b. 2(2 + 1)
c. 4( + 1)
d. 2(2 )

22. Choose the expression that is equivalent to the expression 3 + 15


a. 3( + 5)
b. 3( + 15)
c. 3(3 + 5)
d. 18

23. Choose the expression that is equivalent to the expression 6 + 18


a. 6( + 18)
b. 3(2 + 6)
c. 3(8 )
d. 3(2 + 18)
P a g e | 11

24. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 12 3 + 2 is the same as 12 2 + 3. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 12 3 + 2 is the same as 10 + 2 3. Who do you think is
right?

25. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 10 + 1 5 is the same as 10 + 5 1. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 10 + 1 5 is the same as 10 5 + 1. Who do you think is
right?

26. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 10 + is the same as 10 + . Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 10 + is the same as 10 + . Who do you think is
right?

27. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 2 + 5 3 is the same as 2 + 3 5. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 2 + 5 3 is the same as 2 3 + 5. Who do you think is
right?

28. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 3 + 12 5 is the same as 3 5 + 12. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 3 + 12 5 is the same as 3 + 5 12. Who do you think
is right?

29. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 6 + 22 3 is the same as 6 3 + 22. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 6 + 22 3 is the same as 6 + 3 22. Who do you think
is right?
P a g e | 12

Post-Assessment: How much did you learn?


1. The equation, 4 + 6 = 22 can be solved using the bar model below. What is the value
of x?

a. = 28
b. =4
c. = 18
d. =6

2. Find the error in solving the equation.


Equation: 4 + 11 = 33
4 + 11 = 33
Step 1: 11 11 Undo the addition of 11 by subtracting 11 from both sides.

Step 2: 4 = 44 This is the result when you subtract 11 from both sides.

Step 3: = Undo the multiplication by 4 by dividing by 4

Step 4: = 11 This is the result when you divide by 4.

a. The error is in step 1.


b. The error is in step 2.
c. The error is in step 3.
d. The error is in step 4.
P a g e | 13

3. Determine which of the following expressions and equations has a solution of 4.

i. +3=92
ii. 3 = 12
iii. 40 4 + 4
iv. 40 (6 + 4)

a. i and ii
b. i and iii
c. ii and iv
d. All of the above

4. Emerson has four less than three times as many hats as Jaden. If Jaden has h hats, write
an expression to represent the number of hats Emerson has.
a. 4 3
b. 3 4
c. 3 + 4
d. 3 + 4

5. Choose the inequality that represents the following:

Four times the number of pencils that Amy owns is greater than or equal to 60.

a. 4 60
b. 4 < 60
c. 4 > 60
d. 4 + 60

6. Using the distributive property of operations, simplify the expression below. You may
use the box for help.
m 4

5( + 4) 5
4

a. 5 +4
b. 5 +9
c. 5 + 20
d. 9
P a g e | 14

7. Choose the expression that is equivalent to the expression 2 + 8


a. 2( + 4)
b. 2(2 + 4)
c. 2( + 8)
d. 2(2 )

8. Ms. Cole says that the expression, 3 + 17 5 is the same as 3 + 5 17. Mr. T
disagrees. He says that 3 + 17 5 is the same as 3 5 + 17. Who do you think
is right?
a. Ms.Cole
b. Mr. T
c. Both
d. Neither

FINAL SCORE: ________ out of 8