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Product: WHEEL LOADER


Model: 950H WHEEL LOADER M1G
Configuration: 950H Wheel Loader M1G00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY C7 Engine

Testing and Adjusting


950H Wheel Loader, 962H
Wheel Loader and IT62H
Integrated Toolcarrier Power Train
Media Number -RENR8866-08 Publication Date -01/10/2011 Date Updated -11/10/2011

i04542770

Transmission Pressures - Test and Adjust


SMCS - 3030-025-PX; 3030-081-PX; 7513-PK; 7554-PK

Personal injury or death can result from sudden machine movement.

Sudden movement of the machine can cause injury to persons on or


near the machine.

Prevent possible injury by performing the procedure that follows before


working on the machine.

NOTICE

Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during


performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting, and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Dealer Service Tool


Catalog" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain fluids on
Cat products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

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1. Park the machine on a smooth, level surface.

2. Place the transmission direction and speed control lever (if equipped) in the NEUTRAL
position and in any speed position. Shift the transmission direction control switch (if
equipped) to the NEUTRAL position.

3. Lower the work tool to ground.

4. Engage the parking brake.

5. Place blocks in front of the wheels and behind the wheels.

6. Install the steering frame lock.

7. Remove the front axle shafts and rear axle shafts except for stall tests.

8. Allow only authorized personnel on the machine. Keep unauthorized personnel off the
machine and in clear sight of the operator.

Note: All tests and all adjustments must be made while the transmission oil is at normal operating
temperature.

NOTICE

Do not connect or disconnect hose fittings to or from the quick


disconnect nipples when there is pressure in the system. This will
prevent damage to the seals that are in the fitting.

Table 1
Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
(1)
198-4240 Digital Pressure Indicator 1
(1)
The 1U-5481 Pressure Gauge Group is also available.

Test Procedures
Remote Pressure Taps

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Illustration 1 g01099999

Location of the remote pressure taps

Illustration 2 g01165044

Remote pressure taps

(1) Transmission pressure tap for clutch 1

(2) Transmission pressure tap for clutch 2

(3) Transmission pressure tap for clutch 3

(4) Transmission pressure tap for clutch 4

(5) Transmission pressure tap for clutch 5

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(6) Transmission pressure tap for clutch 6

(7) Torque converter inlet pressure tap

(8) Torque converter outlet pressure tap

(9) Transmission lubrication pressure tap

(10) Transmission pump pressure tap (If Equipped)

The remote pressure taps for the torque converter and the transmission are located on the right side
of the machine under the cab.

Test for the Transmission Clutch Solenoid Modulating Valve

This test will determine whether the solenoid coil is energized and the solenoid plunger is shifting
in order to permit the flow of oil through the transmission clutch solenoid modulating valve.

Hearing the click of a solenoid or using a screwdriver to check that the solenoid coil is energized
does not ensure that the solenoid plunger has shifted. The following test will determine if the
solenoid plunger is shifting.

Table 2
Speed Range and Direction Engaged Clutches and Energized Solenoids
Fourth Speed Forward 3 and 2
Third Speed Forward 4 and 2
Second Speed Forward 5 and 2
First Speed Forward 6 and 2
Neutral 3
First Speed Reverse 6 and 1
Second Speed Reverse 5 and 1
Third Speed Reverse 4 and 1
Fourth Speed Reverse 3 and 1

1. Install the correct hose assembly from the 198-4240 Digital Pressure Indicator onto pressure
tap (1) through pressure tap (6) .

2. Engage the parking brake. Shift the transmission direction and speed control lever (if
equipped) to the NEUTRAL position. Shift the transmission direction control switch (if
equipped) to the NEUTRAL position. Start the engine and operate the engine at low idle.

3. Use the transmission neutralizer override switch in order to disengage the transmission
neutralizer.

4. Depress the right service brake pedal and hold the right service brake pedal. Make sure that
the machine is in first speed. Release the parking brake. Watch the pressure gauges. Move
the transmission direction and speed control lever (if equipped) from the NEUTRAL

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position to the FORWARD position. Shift the transmission direction control switch (if
equipped) from the NEUTRAL position to the FORWARD position.

The pressure on the pressure gauge for the Number 2 clutch should rise. The pressure on the
pressure gauge for the Number 6 clutch should rise. With the transmission in the
FORWARD position, shift through the remaining forward speeds and return to the FIRST
SPEED position. Use the transmission direction and speed control lever or the transmission
upshift switch to change speeds. The same pressure rise should be observed in each
respective speed. This checks the operation of all the speed clutches.

5. Perform Step 4 for all reverse speeds. The same pressure rise should be noted in all reverse
speeds.

If a pressure rise is noted, the solenoid and the related electrical circuit are functioning.

If a pressure rise is not noted, use a screwdriver to check that the solenoid coil is energized. If the
screwdriver is attracted to the solenoid coil, this indicates that the solenoid coil is energized. The
problem is in the solenoid cartridge. The problem could be a bent solenoid stem, a screen that is
dirty or plugged, or a spring that is weak or broken.

If the screwdriver does not indicate that the solenoid coil is energized, the problem is in the
electrical circuit.

ReferenceFor additional information about calibrating the transmission clutch solenoid


modulating valves, refer to the Service Manual module Testing and Adjusting, "Calibration and
Programming" for the machine that is being serviced.

ReferenceFor additional information about calibrating the transmission clutch solenoid


modulating valves, refer to the Service Manual module Testing and Adjusting, "Fill Time for the
Transmission Clutch - Calibrate" for the machine that is being serviced.

ReferenceFor additional information about electrical system troubleshooting, refer to the Service
Manual module Testing and Adjusting, "Troubleshooting Diagnostic Codes" for the machine that
is being serviced.

Test for the Transmission Clutch Pressure

Use the following procedure to check the pressure of the direction clutch oil and the speed clutch
oil.

1. Install the correct hose assembly from the 198-4240 Digital Pressure Indicator on pressure
tap (1) through pressure tap (6) .

2. Engage the parking brake. Shift the transmission direction and speed control lever (if
equipped) to the NEUTRAL position. Shift the transmission direction control switch (if
equipped) to the NEUTRAL position. Start the engine and operate the engine at low idle.

3. Use the transmission neutralizer override switch in order to disengage the transmission
neutralizer.

4. Depress the right service brake pedal and hold the right service brake pedal. Make sure that
the machine is in first speed. Release the parking brake. Watch the pressure gauges. Shift
the transmission direction and speed control lever (if equipped) from the NEUTRAL
position to the FORWARD position. Shift the transmission direction control switch (if

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equipped) from the NEUTRAL position to the FORWARD position. Increase the engine
speed to high idle. Make sure that the transmission oil is at normal operating temperature.
The pressure on the pressure gauge for the Number 2 clutch should rise. The pressure on the
pressure gauge for the Number 6 clutch should rise. The pressure readings must be within
the values in Table 3.

With the transmission in the FORWARD position, shift through the remaining forward
speeds and return to the FIRST SPEED position. Use the transmission direction and speed
control lever (if equipped) or the transmission upshift switch (if equipped) to change speeds.
The pressure reading for each energized clutch must be within the values in Table 3. This
checks the pressure of all the speed clutches.

5. Perform Step 4 for all reverse speeds. The same pressure levels should be noted in all
reverse speeds.

Adjustments for the Transmission Clutch Pressure

If the pressure reading for each energized clutch is not within the values in Table 3, the
transmission clutch solenoid modulating valve may need to be replaced or the pump pressure may
need adjustment.

ReferenceFor additional information about calibrating the transmission clutch solenoid


modulating valves, refer to the Service Manual module Testing and Adjusting, "Fill Time for the
Transmission Clutch - Calibrate" for the machine that is being serviced.

ReferenceFor additional information about electrical system troubleshooting, refer to the Service
Manual module Testing and Adjusting, "Troubleshooting Diagnostic Codes" for the machine that
is being serviced.

Test for the Lubrication Oil Pressure

Use the following procedure to check the pressure of the transmission lubrication oil.

The pressure tap for the transmission lubrication oil is located on the right side of the machine
under the cab behind an access panel. Refer to Illustration 1 and Illustration 2.

1. Install the correct hose assembly from the 198-4240 Digital Pressure Indicator on pressure
tap (9) .

2. Start the engine and operate the engine at high idle. Observe the pressure gauge. With the
oil at normal operating temperature, the lubrication oil pressure must be within the values in
Table 3.

Test of the Torque Converter Outlet Pressure

Use the following procedure to check oil pressure at the torque converter outlet.

1. Install the correct hose assembly from the 198-4240 Digital Pressure Indicator on pressure
tap (8) .

2. Start the engine and run the machine at the torque converter stall. With the oil at normal
operating temperature, the torque converter outlet pressure must be within the values in
Table 3.

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Test for the Transmission Oil Pump Pressure

Use the following procedure to check transmission oil pump pressure.

1. Install the correct hose assembly from the 198-4240 Digital Pressure Indicator on pressure
tap (10) (If Equipped).

Note: If the machine is not equipped with the remote pressure tap use the transmission
pump discharge pressure tap on the transmission filter in the hydraulic service center.

2. Start the engine and operate the engine at high idle. Observe the pressure gauges. With the
oil at normal operating temperature, the transmission oil pump pressure must be within the
values in Table 3.

Adjustment for the Transmission Oil Pump Pressure

The transmission hydraulic control relief valve is located on the left side of the machine on the
torque converter housing.

Illustration 3 g00500335

Transmission Hydraulic Control Relief Valve

(L) Cover

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Illustration 4 g00500338

Transmission Hydraulic Control Relief Valve

(M) Adjustment screw

If the transmission oil pump pressure at pressure tap (10) is not within the values in Table 3, adjust
the spring of the transmission hydraulic control relief valve. Use the following procedure.

1. Remove cover (L) .

2. Turn adjustment screw (M) in the proper direction.

Turning the adjustment screw clockwise increases pump pressure. Turning the adjustment
screw counterclockwise decreases pump pressure. One full turn of the adjustment screw
changes pump pressure 160 kPa (23 psi).

3. Install cover (L) .

4. Check the transmission oil pump pressure again. Make sure that the transmission oil pump
pressure is within the value in Table 3.

Test for the Torque Converter Inlet Pressure

1. Install the correct hose assembly from the 198-4240 Digital Pressure Indicator on pressure
tap (7) .

2. Start the engine and operate the engine at high idle. Observe the pressure gauge. With the
oil at normal operating temperature, the torque converter inlet pressure must be within the
values in Table 3.

Transmission and Torque Converter Pressures

Table 3
Transmission Pressures for the 950H and 962H Wheel Loaders and the IT62H Integrated
Toolcarrier (1)
Pressure Tap Specification

(1) Number 1 clutch pressure


2758 140 kPa (400 20 psi)

(2) Number 2 clutch pressure


2758 140 kPa (400 20 psi)

(3) Number 3 clutch pressure


2758 140 kPa (400 20 psi)

(4) Number 4 clutch pressure


2758 140 kPa (400 20 psi)

(5) Number 5 clutch pressure


2310 140 kPa (335 20 psi)

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(6) Number 6 clutch pressure


2758 140 kPa (400 20 psi)

(7) Torque converter inlet pressure


925 50 kPa (135 7.5 psi)

(8) Torque converter outlet pressure


415 140 kPa (60 20 psi)

(9) Transmission lubrication pressure


105 kPa (15 psi) (minimum)

(10) Transmission oil pump pressure


2758 70 kPa (400 10 psi)
(1)
Oil pressure at high idle.

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