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Chemistry (I.C.S.E.

X) 51

PAPER 1 Marks : 80
I.C.S.E. - X CHEMISTRY Time Allowed : 2 Hrs.

General Instructions :
i) This question paper contains two sections A and B.
ii) Section A contains one question with parts a to h.
iii) All parts of this question are compulsory.
iv) Sections B contains six questions.
v) You are to attempt any four questions from section - B.
vi) The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given by
Brackets

SECTION I
(Attempt all questions)
Question : 1
a] From the following list of substances, choose one to match the description i and v
given below. [5]
Lead chloride, Silver chloride, Magnesium chloride, Disodium Hydrogen
phosphate, Washing Soda crystals.
i) It is a deliquescent substance
ii) It is an acidic salt.
iii) It is an efflorescent salt.
iv) It is a metal chloride soluble in excess of Ammonium hydroxide.
v) It is a salt soluble in hot water but insoluble in cold water.
b] Write balanced equations for the following reactions: [5]
i) Hydrochloric acid is added to sodium thiosulphate solution
ii) Aluminium Nitride is warmed with water.
iii) Concentrated nitric acid is added to concentrated hydrochloric acid.
iv) Oxidation of Ammonia in the presence of a catalyst.
v) Sulphur is heated with concentrated nitric acid.
C] Give Reasons : [5]
i) Liquid ammonia is used as a refrigerant in ice plants.
ii) In the electrolytic reduction of Alumina, the graphite anode is gradually consumed
ii) The ratio of hydrogen and oxygen formed at the cathode and anode is 2 : 1 by
Volume on electrolysis of water.
iv) Fused calcium chloride is used in the preparation of ferric chloride.
v) A piece of wood becomes black when concentrated sulphuric acid is poured on it.
d] What do you observe when : [5]
i) Ethane burns with very less oxygen.
ii) Ethyne burns in excess air.
iii) Methanol is added to vinegar.
iv) Barium chloride solution is added to sulphuric acid.
v) Caustic soda is added to ammonium chloride
52 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

e] i) Calculate the percentage of chromium in potassium dichromate. [2]


[K = 39, Cr = 52, O = 16]
ii) State Avogadros law. [1]
iii) Calculate the mass of 112cc of carbon monoxide at STP [2]
[C = 12, O = 16]
f] Name the organic compound formed : [3]
i) When ethyl iodide is reduced completely
ii) Water is added to calcium carbide.
iii) Caustic soda is added to sodium acetate in presence of quick lime.
g] Give an example of isomers shown by triple bond 5-carbon hydrocarbon and write
its IUPAC names. [2]
h] Give the IUPAC names of the following compounds [5]

C

i) H 3C CH = CH C CH3

C
O

ii) H3C CH2 C H

O

iii) H3C CH2 C OH

C1 CH3

iv) H2C = CH C CH CH3

Br

v) HO CH2 CH CH3

OH
i] Choose the correct answer from the options given below : [5]
i) The nature of the oxide of the element in period 3 and Group IIIA
a) Basic b) Acidic c) Amphoteric d) Neutral
ii) The metal generally extracted by electrometallurgy.
a) Zn b) Mg c) Cu d) Hg
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 53

iii) Reaction of silver chloride with Ammonium hydroxide gives.


a) Ammonium chloride b) Diamine silver chloride
c) Silver hydroxide d) Nitrous oxide
iv) The main component of fuse metal is
a) Tin b) Lead c) Copper d) Zinc
v) A compound which liberates reddish brown fumes at the anode during electrolysis
is
a) Sodium chloride b) Copper (II) Sulphate
c) Lead (II) Bromide d) Acidified water

SECTION II

(Attempt any four questions from this Section)


Question : 2
a] A metal article is to be electroplated with silver. Answer the following : [2]
i) Which ion must be present in the electrolyte?
ii) What will be the nature of (1) Anode (2) Cathode?
iii) Name the gas evolved at the anode when the following are electrolysed?
a) Molten lead Bromide b) Acidulated water [2]
b) i) Write the probable colour of the following salts : [2]
a) Ferrous salt b) Calcuim salts
c) Cupric salt d) Ammonium salts
ii) Distinguish between ammonical solution and caustic soda solution with the help
of an equation. [1]
iii) Name the cation present in each of the following solutions: [2]
a) Yellow coloured solution
b) Blue coloured solution
iv) Name : [1]
a. A coloured metal oxide which dissolves in alkalis to yield colourless solution
b. Two bases which are not alkalis but dissolve in strong alkalis.
Question : 3
a] Concentration of the ore i.e. separation of impurities from ore is carried out by
various processes. Answer the following [2]
i) The method used for concentration of the Ore Zinc Blende.
ii) The significance of sodium hydroxide in the concentration of impure bauxite ore.
b] Calculate the weight of carbon dioxide and water that will be obtained by
completely burning 0.25g of an organic compound having the molecular formula
C2H4O2 [3]
[C = 12, H =1. O = 16]

c] The reaction between calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid is as follows : [3]
CaCO3 + 2HCl CaCl2 + H2O + CO2
[Avogadros No = 6 x 1023, At wt. Ca = 40 C = 12, H =1 Cl = 35.5 O =16]
54 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

i) Calculate the number of moles of hydrochloric acid that reacts with 10g of calcium
carbonate
ii) If the calcium carbonate used had 20% of calcium chloride as impurity, what would
be the volume of carbon dioxide liberated?
vi) How many molecules of water are formed?

d) Define the terms : [2]


i) Ionisation Potential ii) Polar Covalent compound
Question : 4
a] Convert the following : [5]
i) Formaldehyde to Methanoic acid
ii) Ethyl Alcohol to Ethyl Acetate
iii) Ethylene to 1, 2 dichloro ethane
iv) Glucose to carbon dioxide
vii) Bromo Ethane to Ethene
b] Name the terms defined as follows : [2]
i) Property of an element to form long chains.
ii) An ion formed by a metal.
c] Fill in the blanks from the choice given below: [3]
i) A hydrocarbon with molecular mass 72 is an .
(alkane / alkene / alkyne)
ii) The total number of different carbon chains that four carbon atoms form in alkane
is (5 / 4/ 3/ 2)
iii) CO is an . Compound (organic / inorganic)
Question : 5
a] Give two balanced equations for the reactions of each type to show the following
properties of sulphuric acid [4]
i) oxidizing agent ii) Hygroscopic nature
b] Give a chemical test to distinguish between : [2]
i) Dilute Sulphuric acid and dilute hydrochloric acid
ii) Dilute sulphuric acid and concentrated sulphuric acid.
c] Name : [2]
i) A metal nitrate which on heating is changed into metal oxide
ii) A catalyst which is used in the oxidation of ammonia to prepare nitric oxide
d] How do you obtain : [2]
i) Nitrogen from ammonium chloride
ii) Nitrogen from a metallic oxide
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 55

Question : 6
a] Give the balanced equations for the following conversions : [3]
A
NaAlO2 Al(OH)3

B
C

Bauxite KAlO2
b] State the following [5]
i) The colour of tetramine copper (II) sulphate solution
ii) The solubility of copper hydroxide in caustic soda solution
iii) The gas evolved when a yellow powder (non metal) is treated with concentrated
nitiric acid.
iv) A reddish non-metal, which occurs in liquid state.
v) An orange red oxide, which on boiling with concentrated hydrochloric acid liberates
a greenish yellow gas.
c] Draw an electron dot structure of Magnesium chloride. [2]
Question : 7

a] i) A white powder A when strongly heated gives a yellow residue, the colour
remaining Yellow on cooling. The gas evolved turns lime water milky.
Identify A. [1]
ii) A green solid B is dissolved to form a solution. When sodium hydroxide is added to
one part of the solution, a dirty green precipitate is formed. Name the cation
in B. [1]

b] Arrange as directed : [2]


i) Br, Cl, F, I (decreasing electronegative nature)
ii) Mg, P, Cl, Na (Increasing Metallic nature)

c] i) State the type of oxide formed by the element in group VIA and period 3 of the
periodic table [1]
ii) State the unit of Electron Affinity [1]
iii) Name a metalloid in period 3. [1]

d] Answer the following questions based on


the diagram below : [3]
i) Name the experiment
ii) Name the solution A and the gas B
iii) What conclusion can be drawn from
this experiment?
56 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

QUESTION 8
a] The figure given below illustrates the apparatus used in the laboratory
preparation of Nitric acid .

i) Name A (a liquid), B(a solid) and C(a liquid) [3]


ii) Write an equation to show how nitric acid undergoes decomposition [1]
iii) Write the equation for the reaction in which copper is oxidized by concentrated
nitric acid. [1]

b] 3.5g of Nitrogen is combined with 2g of Oxygen to form an oxide of Nitrogen. What is


the empirical formula of this oxide ? [2]

c] Name: [3]
i) An ore of zinc
ii) The process used for the enrichment of sulphide ore
iii) An alloy of aluminium used in aircraft construction.
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 57

PAPER 2 Marks : 80
I.C.S.E. - X CHEMISTRY Time Allowed : 2 Hrs.

SECTION I
(Attempt all questions)
Question : 1

a] Give the term used for : [5]


i) Property of Carbon forming straight and branched chain compounds.
ii) Deposition of reddish brown coating on iron in moist air.
iii) Bond formed by the shared pair of electrons contributed by one atom only.
iv) The ratio between the masses of equal volume of gas and Hydrogen under same
conditions of temperature and pressure.
v) Property of losing water of crystallization in dry and hot air.
b] Select the correct answers from the choices A, B, C and D, which are given : [10]
i) During the electroplating of a spoon with silver, the reaction taking place at anode
is
a) Ag++ + 2e- Ag b) Ag 2e- Ag++
c) Ag le Ag
- +
d) Ag+ +le- Ag
ii) Which of the following is not a common characteristic of a covalent compounds
a) High melting point b) insoluble in water.
c) Consists of molecule d) do not conduct electricity
iii) In the electrolysis of Copper sulphate solution using Plantinum electrode, the
substance liberated at Anode is
a) Sulphuric acid b) Oxygen
c) Sulphur dioxide d) Copper ions.
iv) Magnalium is an alloy of.
a) Al and Cu b) Cu and Sn
c) Al and Mg d) Al and Fe
v) Which of the following react to give Copper as a product -
a) Passing dry ammonis over heated Copper oxide
b) adding dil. Hydrochloric acid to Copper oxide
c) heating Copper oxide.
d) passing Oxygen over heated Copper oxide.
vi) When a metal atom becomes an ion
a) It loses electrons and is oxidized b) It gains electrons and is reduced.
c) It gains electrons and is oxidized d) It loses electrons and is reduced.
vii) The mass of 0.2 moles of water is .[H=1, O=16]
a) 18gm b) 3.6gm c) 0.9gm d) 108.41gm
viii) The final product of oxidation of alcohol is.
a) Aldehyde b) carboxylic acid
c) Ketone d) none of these
ix) One mole of gas at S.T.P occupies
a) 24 litres b) 22.4 litres c) 2.24litres d) 224cm3
58 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

x) Ammonium hydroxide will produce a reddish brown precipitate when added to a


solution of..
a) CuSO4 b) FeSO4 c) Zn(NO3)2 d) FeCl3
c] i) Calculate the percentage of Sulphur in Iron (III) sulphate. [Fe=56, S=32, O=16] [2]
ii) From the equation : [3]
C + 2H2SO4 CO2 + 2H2O + 2SO2
Calculate the volume of SO2 formed and mass of Carbon oxidized by 49gm of
Sulphuric Acid. [C=12, S=32, O=16, Relative molecular mass of sulphuric acid is
98]
d] i) To protect Iron from rusting it is coated with a thin layer of Zinc. Name the
Process. [5[
ii) Name a non-metal that has a metallic luster and sublime on heating.
iii) Name the mixture of conc Nitric acid and conc hydrochloric acid in the ration 1 : 3.
iv) Write the chemical name of brown ring.
v) What is the name given to the salts of Sulphuric acid?
e] Write balanced equations for the following reactions : [5]
i) Laboratory preparation of Ethyne
ii) Magnesium Nitride reacts with warm water.
iii) Dilute Hydrochloric acid reacts with Sodium thiosulphate.
iv) Calcium Nitrate is prepared from Calcium Carbonate.
v) Concentrated Sulphuric acid is added to Zinc.
f] i) Write the structural formulae of isomers of Pentane [3]
ii) Give IUPAC names of :- [2]
H H O

a) H C C C H

H H

H H OH H

b) H C C C C H

H H H H
g] Give Reasons as to why : [5]
i) Lead Bromide conducts electricity in molten form
ii) HCl gas forms a mist of droplets of HCl acid in moist air.
iii) Blue vitriol turns white when conc. Sulphuric acid is added to it.
iv) Acetic acid is also known as glacial acetic acid.
v) Barium Chloride solution can be used to distinguished between di H2SO4 and
dil,HNO3.
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 59

SECTION II
(Attempt any four questions from this Section)
Question : 2
a] The following questions refer to the extraction of Aluminium from its ore,
answer : [6]
i) Name the principal ore of Aluminium and give its formula
ii) What is the most important chemical process in the extraction of any metal?
State how this essential step is carried out in the extraction of Aluminium.
(Name the process only)
iii) Mention the major impurity present in the ore stated above and the chemical
substance used to remove it.
iv) What is the role of cryolite in the extraction from the above mentioned ore.
v) Give balanced equation of a reaction of a process in which Aluminium acts as
reducing Agent.
b] A phosphorus oxygen compound contains 43.7% phosphorus and the rest is oxygen.
The molecular mass of the compound is 284. Find out the empirical as well as the
molecular formula of this compound [P =31, O = 16] [4]
Question : 3
a] i) Write the balanced equation for the laboratory preparation of Ammonia from
Ammonium chloride and slaked lime. [5]
ii) How is Ammonia dried and collected in the lab?
iii) How is high solubility of Ammonia demonstrated?
iv) What do you observe when Ammonia solution is added to aqueous solution of
Copper Sulphate? Write balanced equation also.
b] X, Y and Z are three crystalline solids which are soluble in water and have a
common anion [5]
To help you identify X, Y and Z you are provided with the following experimental
observations. Copy and complete the corresponding inferences in (i) to (iv)
i) A reddish- brown gas is obtained when X, Y and Z are separately warmed with
Concentrated sulphuric acid and copper turnings added to the mixture.
Inference 1 : The common anion is the . Ion.
ii) When X is heated, it melts and gives off only one gas which relights a glowing
splint.
Inference 2 : The cation in X is either or
iii) The action of the heat on Y produces a reddish brown gas and a yellow residue
which fuses with the glass of the test tube.
Inference 3 : The metal ion present in Y is the . ion
iv) When Z is heated, It leaves no residue. Warming Z with sodium hydroxide solution
liberates a gas which turns moist red litmus paper blue.
Inference 4 : Z contains cation.
60 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

Question : 4
a] A gas cylinder can hold 1kg of Hydrogen. Under the same conditions of temperature
and Pressure [3]
i) Find the weight of Chlorine it can hold.
ii) If the number of molecules of Hydrogen is X. Find the number of molecules of
chlorine present in the cylinder.
iii) State and define the law used for the same.
b] Arrange the following as per the guidelines in the brackets : [3]
i) K, Li, Na, (in increasing order of atomic size)
ii) Mg, Al, Na (in decreasing order of metallic nature)
iii) OH-1, SO4-2,Cl-1 (in increasing ease of discharge)
c] Given below is the list of compounds [4]
i) Ammonia b) Aluminium c) Ethene d) Ethyne e) Argon f) Calcium bromide
Which of the above substances;
i) Conduct electricity in solid state. ii) Is soluble in water.
iii) Contains double bond iv) Is monoatomic.
Question : 5
a] By Choosing substances from the following list [5]
Copper, Lead, Sodium, Zinc, Copper oxide, Lead carbonate, Sodium carbonate, dil
Hydrochloric acid, dil. Nitric acid, dil, Sulphuric acid.
Write balanced equations for the laboratory preparations of
i) Zinc sulphate ii) Copper sulphate
iii) Sodium sulphate iv) Lead sulphate
b] Compare the pH of the following solutions with respect of water. [3]
[For example : pH of Sulphur dioxide is less than water]
i) The solution which turns red litmus blue
ii) Ferric chloride solution.
iii) Solution that liberates Hydrogen with reactive metals.
c] With the help of electron dot diagram, show the formation of Magnesium chloride
molecules. [Atomic number : Mg = 12, Cl = 17] [2]

Question : 6
a] State : [4]
i) The group which contains lithium and sodium
ii) The formula of a compound formed by element having atomic no 5&7.
iii) The group containing the element X having electronic configuration 2, 8, 3 and
whose oxide is amphoteric.
iv) The element which has the largest size in period 3.
b] Differentiate between the following pairs as per indicated in the brackets : [6]
i) Electrovalent and Covalent compounds [two examples each]
ii) Alkali metals and Halogens [number of valence electrons and valency]
iii) Deliquescent and Hygroscopic compounds [definition]
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 61

Question : 7
a] Write balanced equations : [5]
i) Sodium propionate reacts with soda lime
ii) Chlorination of Ethene in the presence of carbon tetrachloride.
iii) Methanol from Methane.
iv) Complete combustion of Ethane
ii) Acetic acid reacts with Sodium.
b] Classify the following substances as strong, weak and non-electrolytes : [3]
Con.Oxalic acid, Vinegar, Ammonium chloride, Cane sugar solution, Caustic Soda
Solution, petrol.

c] Define : i) Electroplating ii) Electron Affinity [2]

PAPER 3 Marks : 80
I.C.S.E. - X CHEMISTRY Time Allowed : 2 Hrs.

SECTION I
(Attempt all questions)
Question : 1
a] For parts (a) (i)- (a) (x) select the correct answer from the choices A,B, C, D which
are given. Write down only the letter corresponding to the correct answer: [10]
i) The most electronegative element of the periodic table
a) Chlorine b) Fluorine c) Helium d) Carbon
ii) A covalent compound which behaves like an ionic compound in aqueous solution
a) Carbon tetrachloride b) Sodium Chloride
c) Ammonia d) Nitrogen
iii) A salt which is insoluble in water and soluble in ammonium hydroxide
a) Zinc chloride b) Silver chloride
c) Lead chloride d) Calcium chloride
iv) A non metal which is liquid at room temperature
a) Chlorine b) Iodine
c) Sulphur d) Bromine
v) The functional group present in Acetone is
a) Aldehyde b) Ketone c) Alcohol d) Ether
vi) Which of the following properties do not match with the properties of the
electrovalent compounds?
a) They have high melting and boiling point
b) They are soluble in water
c) They are volatile
d) They behave as electrolytes in fused or molten state.
62 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

vii) Which of the following salt solutions will form a white precipitate with sodium
chloride solution
a) Zinc nitrate b) Calcium nitrate c) Lead nitrate d) Barium nitrate
viii) The formation of ethene from ethanol is an example of
a) Substitution b) Dehydrohalogenation
c) Addition d) Dehydration
ix) Which of the following metals can be extracted by reduction using reducing agents
a) Zinc b) Sodium c) Aluminium d) Magnestium
x) The catalyst used in Contact process is
a) Iron b) Vanadium pentoxide
c) Nickel d) Plantium
xi) The Branched isomer of butane is
a) 2-methyl propane b) neo-butane
c) 2-methyl butane d) 2-butene

b] Name the gas evolved in each of the following reactions : [5]


i) Zinc reacts with dil.HCl
ii) Manganese (IV) oxide with conc. HCl
iii) Zinc reacts with conc. sulphuric acid.
iv) Ammonium chloride heated with sodium hydroxide
v) Sodium sulphite with dil.sulphuric acid

c] Fill the blanks : [5]


During electro refining of copper is placed at the anode and .. is placed at the
cathode. The electrolyte used is The product at the cathode is . and the product
at the anode is..

d] Write the observation in each of the following cases : [5]


i.) Ammonia is burnt in oxygen without catalyst
ii) Ammonium hydroxide is added to lead nitrate first 1-2drops and than in excess
iii) Copper reacts with concentrated nitric acid
iv) Concentrated sulphuric acid is added to hydrous copper sulphate
v) Nitric acid is heated.

e] Write complete balanced reaction in each of the following cases : [5]


i. Sodium bicarbonate with dilute hydrochloric acid.
ii. Silver nitrate with dilute sulphuric acid
iii. Concentrated sulphuric acid is added to sugar
iv. Copper reacts with dilute nitric acid
v. Sulphur with concentrated sulphuric acid.
f] Solve : [5]
2C4H10 + 13O2 8CO2 + 10H2O
400 c.c. of butane in burnt with 3000 c.c. of oxygen find
i) the amount of carbon dioxide formed and unused oxygen
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 63

ii) If 4 moles of butane is used, than find the number of moles of carbon dioxide
formed.
iii) Also find the number of molecules of carbon dioxide present at the same time
iv) If 2 moles of butane is used, find the volume of carbon dioxide formed (atomic
Wt of C=12,O-16,H-1)

g] Select the correct option provided in the brackets to complete the following
sentences: (Do not copy the sentence) [5]
Ethene is the first member of the Alkene series containing a (single/double/triple)
bond between carbon atoms. The reaction of ethene with bromine water is
(addition/substitution)reaction resulting in the formation of methyl bromide/1,2-
dibromoethane. The brown colour of bromine water (fades/does not fade.) This
reaction is a test for (saturation/unsaturation).

SECTION II
(Attempt any four questions from this Section)

Question : 2
a] Given below is representation of the Modern periodic table . The letters do not
represent actual elements. Answer the questions based on the data given below :
[5]
A X
B C D E F G H Y
R S T U M N L Z
Q
V
W K
P
i) Arrange the elements of the first group according to the increasing order of
electron affinity
ii) Which element is the most metallic element?
iii) What is the similarity in electronic configuration of the halogens?
iv) Which is the most electronegative element from H, L and K
v) Which is the largest element of third period?

b] i) Draw the electron dot diagram for the formation of ammonium ion. [2]
ii) What happens when Iron (III) chloride is exposed to air? Name the
phenomenon exhibited. [2]
iii) Why is Carbon tetrachloride a non-electrolyte? [1]
64 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

Question : 3
a] The diagram given below shows the preparation of nitric acid in the laboratory.
Observe the diagram and answer the questions given below: [5]

i) Write a balanced reaction for the preparation of nitric acid.


ii) Why is concentrated sulphuric acid preferred over hydrochloric acid?
iii) How is nitric acid collected?
iv) What is the special feature of the apparatus?
v) What would happen if the temperature is increased above 2000C
b] Answer the following questions: [5]
i) Write the balanced reactions for obtaining pure Alumina from Bauxite.
ii) Name the impurities removed in the above process.
iii) What is the role of Cryolite in extraction of Aluminium.
Question : 4
a] An organic compound contains 40% carbon, 6.66% hydrogen and 53.34% oxygen. Find
its empirical formula. If the given compound contains six oxygen atoms, calculate its
molecular formula. [4]

b] If 250ml. of a gas weighs 0.25g at s.t.p Calculate the molecular mass of the gas.
(1 litre of hydrogen at stp weighs 0.09g) [2]

c] Copy and complete the following table: [4]

No. Product Reaction for laboratory Drying agent


preparation
1 Hydrochloric acid
2 Ammonia

Question : 5
a] Write the reaction for the laboratory preparation with condition of the following organic
compounds [4]
i) Ethane ii) Ethyne iii) Ethene iv) Ethanol
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 65

b] Answer the following questions :


i) Define Isomerism. Name the isomers of butane [2]
ii) Write the reaction for the conversion A and B [2]
A B
Ethene Ethanol Ethyl acetate
iii) Write a test for ethanol [1]
iv) Draw structural formula of 1,1.2, 2tetra chloroethane [1]

Question : 6
a] Match the following : [2]
i) anode a) metallic ion
ii) cathode b) oxidation
iii) cation c) non-metallic ion
iv) anion d) reduction
b] Answer the following questions :
i) Write the electrolytic reactions at anode and cathode during electrolysis of
acidulated water [2]
ii) Copper conducts electricity but is not an electrolyte. Give two reasons [1]

c] Write balanced chemical reactions for the following : [3]


i) Zinc with concentrated potassium hydroxide.
ii) Ammonia with excess chlorine.
iii) Sodium thiosulphate with dilute hydrochloric acid.

d] Define : i) Mole ii) Avogadros number [2]

Question : 7
a] A 2.5g of hydrated calcium nitrate was heated and only 1.7g of the anhydrous salt was
left behind. What percentage water in hydrated calcium nitrate?
(Ca = 40, N = 14, H = 1, O = 16) [2]

b] Write the reactions for the three steps of Ostwalds process [3]

c] Write the property of [3]


i) Zinc in Galvanising
ii) Aluminium in thermite welding
iii) HCl in fountain experiment

d] State the method and write a reaction for the preparation of the following salts: [2]
i) Sodium sulphate
ii) Lead sulphate
66 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

PAPER 4 Marks : 80
I.C.S.E. - X CHEMISTRY Time Allowed : 2 Hrs.

SECTION I
(Attempt all questions)
Question : 1
a] Identify P.Q.R.S.T in each case based on the information given below: [5]
i) A deliquescent salt P, turns yellow on dissolving in water and give a reddish brown
precipitate with sodium hydroxide solution
ii) The white crystalline solid Q is soluble in water. It liberates a pungent smelling gas
when heated with sodium hydroxide solution.
iii) The reddish brown liquid R which turns colourless when ethylene gas is passed
through it.
iv) A white colour soluble salt S which give gelatinous white precipitate with sodium
hydroxide solution
v) An amphoteric oxide T, which is used for oxidation of ammonia.
b] How will you distinguish each of the following compound by a chemical test : [5]
i) Sodium Sulphate and Sodium Sulphide
ii) Copper hydroxide and Lead hydroxide
iii) Acetylene and ethylene
iv) Ferrous sulphate and Ferric sulphate
v) Nitric acid and sulphuric acid
c] Select correct answer from A, B, C and D write only the letter corresponds
to correct answer : [10]
i) The basicity of acetic acid is
a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4
ii) A salt prepared by simple displacement reaction, i.e. action of dil acid on metal is
a) PbCl2 b) CuCl2 c) AgCl3 d) HgCl
iii) A covalent compound which in aqueous state conduct electricity.
a) CCl4 b) CS2 c) NH3 d) C2H4
iv) A metal whose hydroxide does not decompose on heating but its nitrate
decompose is
a) Calcuim b) Aluminium c) Sodium d) Iron.
v) The oxidized product obtained on reaction of H2S gas with dil HNO3 is..
a) Sulphur dioxide b) Sulphur
c) Sulphuric acid d) Sulphurous acid
vi) Metals lose electrons during ionization. This change is called
a) Oxidation b) Reduction c) Redox d) Displacement
vii) The aqueous solution of the compound which contains both ions and molecules.
a) Sulphuric acid b) Hydrochloric acid
c) Nitric acid d) Acetic acid
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 67

viii) Ethyne gas when pass through ammonical cuprous chloride. It produce
a) White precipitate b) Red precipitate
c) Dirty green precipitate d) Reddish brown precipitate
ix) Number of hydrogen atom present is acetic acid.
a) 2 b) 3 c) 4 d) 5
x) The gas law which relates the volume of gas to the number of molecules of the gas
is
a) Avogadros law b) Gay Lussacs law
c) Boyles law d) Charles law

d] Give balance reaction for the following : [5]


i) Oxidizing action of lead dioxide on con. HCl
ii) Action of 1% nitric acid on magnesium
iii) Iron (II) Sulphide treated with dil hydrochloric acid.
iv) Mixture of Carbon and con. Nitric acid is heated
v) Catalytic oxidation of ammonia
e] Name the method used to prepare the following salts : [5]
i) Lead sulphate ii) Soduim chloride
iii) Iron (II) chloride iv) Zinc sulphate
v) Copper chloride

f] Element No. of protons Electrons in ion


P 9 10
Q 20 18
R 11 10
S 18 18
i) Identify elements which forms i. cation ii. Anion
ii) Identify element with complete octet
iii) What type of bond formed of compound formed by Q and P.
iv) Give molecular formula of compound formed by Q and P. [5]
g] i) 4000 c.c. of O2 was burnt with 300 cc of ethane. Calculate the volume of unused O2
and CO2 formed.
ii) 2.12gm of an impure mixture containing anhydrous Sodium sulphate is dissolved
in water.
An excess of Barium chloride solution is added when 1.74g of barium sulphate is
Obtained as a dry precipitate . Calculate the percentage purity of impure sample
[Na =23, S=32,O=16, Ba=137 Cl -35.5] [5]
68 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

SECTION II
(Attempt any four questions from this Section)
Question : 2
a] In what capacity sulphuric acid is acting in the following reactions. Also give
balanced Chemical equations. [6]
vi) Liberation of carbon dioxide from carbon.
ii) Formation of Nitric acid from Sodium nitrate.
iii) Formation of Sodium sulphate from sodium hydroxide.
b] Ammonia gas is passed over heated copper oxide. [2]
i) Give balanced chemical equation for the reaction.
ii) In what capacity Ammonia is acting in this reaction.
c] i) Name the compound formed when ammonia gas is dissolved in water.
ii) How the above compound helps in distinguishing between Iron (II) chloride and
Iron (III) chloride. [2]
Question : 3
a] Mention the colour changes observed when the following indicator added to alkali
i) Phenolphthalein ii) Methyl orange solution
iii) Neutral Litmus solution [3]
b] Write balanced chemical equations for the following during Ostwalds process.
i) The reaction taking place in the catalytic chamber
ii) The reaction taking place in oxidation chamber
iii) The reaction taking place absorption tower. [3]
c] CaC2 + 2H2O Ca(OH2) + C2H2 Calculate [4]
i) Weight of calcuim hydroxide formed
ii) Volume of Acetylene liberated when 128gm of Calcium carbide is reacted with
water. [Ca : 40, C : 12, H = 1, O =16]
Question : 4
a] Write equations for the following conversions : [5]
i) Ethanol to ethane ii) Ethyl bromide to Ethanol
iii) Ethene to Ethyl bromide iv) Ethene to Ethylene glycol
v) Ethane to Carbon dioxide
b] i) What changes will you observed at cathode, anode and in electrolyte during
electrolysis of copper sulphate with copper electrode [3]
ii) Give equations for the reaction that takes place at Cathode and anode in
the above electrolysis. [2]
Question : 5
a] The following questions refer to the periodic table : [3]
i) What happen to atomic size of elements on moving from left to right in a period
ii) Which of the elements has greatest electron affinity among halogens?
iii) What is the common feature of electronic configurations of the elements group 18.
b] i) Name the salt which on reaction with water, produce ethyne. [3]
ii) Name the product formed when ethane reacts with water.
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 69

iii) Name the product formed when ethanol is oxidized with acidified potassium
dichromate.
c] A hydrated salt contain Cu = 25.50%, S = 12.90%, O = 25.60% and remaining % is [4]
water of Crystallization. Calculate the empirical formula of the salt [Cu = 64, S = 32,
O =16]
Question : 6
a] Give the IUPAC name of the following compound [3]
CH3

i) CH3 C CH2 CH3

CH3
ii) CH3 CH CH2 CH3

OH

iii) CH3 COOH

b] i) Name two metallic oxide reduce by carbon. Give equation for each [4]
ii) Name one metallic oxide reduce by carbon monoxide. Give equation.

c] P and Q are two solution of pH 4 and 11 respectively : [3]


i) Name a metal that reacts with Q to give hydrogen gas.
ii) Name an acid that reacts with Q to give normal salt.
ii) Name a salt that react with P to give an acidic salt.

Question ; 7
a] Aluminium is extracted from its chief ore, bauxite. The ore is first purified and then the
metal is extracted by electrolytic reduction [5]
i) Write three balanced equation for the purification of bauxite by Halls process.
ii) Name a chemical used for dissolving aluminium oxide
iii) Write an equation for the reaction for the reaction which takes place at anode
during the extraction of aluminium by electrolytic process.

b] What is a lone pair of electrons? Draw an electron dot structure of formation of


ammonium ion. Label the lone pair of electrons [3]

c] i) A salt prepared by double decomposition of two salt is..


[Na2SO4 / PbSO4 / ZnSO4 / CuSO4]
ii) A salt which on hydrolysis produce neutral solution is..
[NaCl / NH4Cl / Na2CO3] [2]
70 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

PAPER 5 Marks : 80
I.C.S.E. - X CHEMISTRY Time Allowed : 2 Hrs.

SECTION I
(Attempt all questions)
Question : 1
a] Name the following: [5]
i) A coloured deliquescent compound.
ii) An organic weak acid.
iii) A molecule with two lone pairs.
iv) A reagent used in Bayers Process.
v) A covalent hydride of Carbon.
b] For part (i) to (v) select the correct answer from the choices (a),(b), (c), (d) which
are given. Write only the letter corresponding to the correct answer. [5]
i) Twice of vapour density gives us.
a) Actual vapour density b) Relative vapour density
c) Molecular Mass d) Molar volume
ii) Metal oxide which can react with an acid as well as alkali is :
a) Silver oxide b) Copper (ii) oxide
c) Aluminum oxide d) Calcium oxide
iii) Which of the following salt is yellow in colour?
a) Manganese sulphate b) Aluminium sulphate
c) Ferric sulphate d) Chromium (ii) sulphate
iv) The general formula of an organic compound is C20H38. It is
a) An Alkane b) An Alkene
c) An Alkyne d) Not a hydrocarbon
v) A drying agent which forms an addition compound with ammonia is
a) CaO b) CaCl2 c) P2O5 d) PCl3
c] State your observation in each of the following: [5]
i) Passing dry Ammonia over heated copper oxide.
ii) Ethene is burnt in excess of oxygen.
iii) Ammonium hydroxide is added dropwise till in excess to a solution of copper
sulphate.
iv) Vinegar is added to Ethanol.
v) Silver nitrate solution is added to Sodium Chloride solution..
d] Write the equations for the following reactions :
[5]
i) Aluminium oxide with caustic soda.
ii) Dehydration of sugar.
iii) Nitrogen dioxide and water.
iv) Copper with concentrated nitric acid.
iv) Action of concentrated sulphuric acid on sulphur.
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 71

e] Write the IUPAC names of the following compounds [5]


O

i) H C H

O

ii) H3C H2C C C H3

iii) H3C O CH3

OH CH3

iv) H3C C C CH3

H CH3

O

v) H3C H2C C OH

f] Identify the following substances : [3]


i) An acidic gas which gives dense white fumes with ammonia.
ii) An alloy used in electrical fitting.
iii) A solid which when kept in the open forms a solution after sometime
g] The equation for the action of heat on Zinc Nitrate is [2]
2 Zn(NO3)2 2 ZnO + 4NO2 +O2
Find out the mass of Zn(NO3)2 required to produce 44.8lits of Nitrogen dioxide at STP
[Relative molecular Mass of Zinc Nitrate 189, N = 14, O -16]

h] Name the organic compound prepared by each of the following : [5]


i) Water is added Calcuim Carbide.
ii) Aqueous Caustic potash is added to bromoethane.
iii) Excess of Ethyl alcohol is heated at 1600 -1700C in the presence of concentrated
sulphuric acid.
iv) Chlorine is added to Ethyne.
v) Ethene and Hydrogen are passed over finely divided catalyst nickel.
i) Compare the properties of covalent and electrovalent compounds on the following
Points : [2]
i) Solubility ii) Conductivity
72 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

j] i) What is the mass of 28cm3 of carbon Monoxide at STP? (C= 12, O = 16) [2]
ii). Calculate the percentage of phosphorus in Calcium phosphate [1]
(Ca = 40, P = 31, O = 16)

SECTION II
(Attempt any four questions from this Section)
Question : 2
a] The following questions refer to the periodic table: [5]
i) Name the second element of the period 3.
ii) Name the element which has the highest ionization potential in period 2.
iii) Name the element which shows the property of catenation.
iv) Name a metalloid in Period 2.
v) Name the element that does not form an oxide in period 1.
b] Give the electron dot structure of ammonia. [2]
c] Define : [3]
i) Avogadros law ii) Polar covalent compound
iii) Co-ordinate Bond
Question : 3
a] Draw different isomers, having the following molecular formula : [2]
i) C4H10 (Chain) ii) C5H10 (Position)
b] How do you obtain: [5]
i) Carbon from Ethyne
ii) Ethyne from 1, 2 dibromethane
iii) Sodium Ethoxide from sodium
iv) Vinegar from Ethanol
v) Methane from sodium acetate
c] i) What is glacial acetic acid? [2]
ii) What is denatured alcohol? [1]
Question : 4
a] Name : [4]
i) A gas soluble in toluene.
ii) A gas which burns with a yellowish green flame
iii) An explosive which on decomposition leaves no residue behind
iv) A chemical used to deplete the ozone layer.
b] A gas A reacts with another gas B in the presence of a catalyst to give a colourless
Gas C. The gas C when comes in contact with air produces a brown D.
Identify A, B, C and D. [2]
c] Give Reasons: [3]
i) Calcium oxide is not used to dry hydrogen chloride gas.
ii) Silver nitrate solution can be used to distinguish HCl form HNO3.
iii) Liquid Ammonia is used as a refrigerant in ice plants.
d] Convert Chlorine to Nitrogen trichloride. [1]
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 73

Question : 5
a] Name: [3]
i) An allotrope of a non metal that allows electricity to pass through it.
ii) A compound which is added to lower the fusion temperature of the electrolytic bath
in the extraction of aluminium.
iii) An ore of zinc.

b] Write the equation for the reaction that occurs at the cathode and anode during the
Extraction of Aluminium by electrolysis. [2]
c] Draw a neat and well labelled diagram for the Silver Plating on an iron spoon. Write the
Reactions taking place at the cathode and the anode. [5]
Question : 6
a] Name the method used for the preparation of the following salts: [3]
i) Lead Chloride ii) Sodium Hydrogen Sulphate
iii) Zinc Sulphate
b] A solution has pH of 7. Tell how you would increase its pH. [1]
c] Identify the substance P, Q and R in each case based on the information given
below : [3]
i) The white crystalline solid P is soluble in water. It liberates a pungent smelling gas
When heated with caustic soda solution.
ii) An element Q which reacts with concentrated Nitric Acid to form sulphuric acid.
iii) A white crystalline salt R is warmed with calcium hydroxide solution. A gas is
given off which turns moist red litmus paper blue.

d] Calculate the volume of oxygen required for the complete combustion of 13.2g of
Butane. (C4H10) [3]
[At. Wt. C =12, O =16, H =1]
2C4H10 + 9O2 4CO
4 2 + 10H2O
Question : 7

a] A compound has the following percentage composition C = 40%, H = 6.7%, O = 53.3%


The vapor density of the compound is 30. Calculate its molecular formula.
[C =12, H =1, O =16) [5]
b] Give one chemical test each to distinguish between the following pairs: [2]
i) Zinc Nitrate solution and calcium nitrate solution.
ii) Pb2 and Cu2+
c] Give any two uses of Ethene. [2]

d] Name of crystalline substance which do not contain water of crystallization. [1]


74 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

PAPER 6 Marks : 80
I.C.S.E. - X CHEMISTRY Time Allowed : 2 Hrs.
SECTION I
(Attempt all questions)
Question : 1

a] Choose the correct option : [10]


i) The gas produced on reaction of Copper and concentrated Nitric Acid is
a) Nitrogen b) Nitrous oxide c) Oxygen d) Nitrogen dioxide
ii) Sodium ethanoate on heating with sodalime gives..
a) ethene b) methane c) ethane d) ethyne
iii) The ammonium salt gives colour precipitate with Nesselers reagent
a) White b) black c) brown d) yellow
iv) In the laboratory preparation of Hydrogen chloride gas . is used as a drying agent
a) Quick lime b) Slaked lime
c) Phosphorous pentoxide d) Conc. Sulphuric acid
v) In electro refining of Copper, .is used as anode.
a) Impure thick sheet of Copper b) pure thin sheet of Copper
c) Impure thin sheet of Copper d) pure thick sheet of Copper
vi) A black coloured solid which on reaction with dilute sulphuric acid forms a blue
coloured solution.
a) Carbon b) Lead (II) oxide
c) Copper (II) oxide d) Mangnese (ii) oxide
vii) 0.80g of CH4 contains
a. 2 moles b. 0.5 moles
c. 0.05 moles d. 0.005 moles
viii) The tendency of an atom in a molecule to attract the shared pair of electrons
towards itself is called
a) electron affinity b) ionization potential
c) electron positivity d) electronegativity
ix) The salts formed by mixing saturated solutions of two simple, salts followed by
crystallization is called ..
a) mixed salt b) complex salt c) acid salt d) double salt
x) The type of reaction that takes places when ethanol is converted into ethene
is..
a) Dehydration b) Hydrogenation
c) Hydration d) Dehydrohalogenation
b] State your observations for the following reactions : [5]
i) A paper dipped in Potassium permanganate solution is put on the mouth of test
tube containing Sulphur dioxide gas.
ii) Concentrated Nitric acid is added to turpentine.
iii) Acetylene is made to react with Ammonical cuprous chloride solution.
iv) Hydrogen chloride gas is bubbled through Silver nitrate solution.
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 75

v) Ammonia gas is burnt in the atmosphere of Oxygen.

c] i) Electron are lost by an element Y?


1) Is Y getting oxidized or reduced? [1]
2) Name the electrode to which Y will migrate [1]
ii) State the IUPAC name of the following compounds [3]
a) CH3 CH CH2

OH CH3

b) C2H5 CHO

c) CH3 CBr CH3



CH3

d] Correct the following false statements with respect to the underlined word : [5]
i) The main constituted of Bronze is Tin.
ii) The reaction between an alcohol and carboxylic acid in presence of Conc Sulphuric
acid is known as Decarboxylation.
iii) The relative atomic mass of an element expressed in grams is known as atomic
weight
iv) Electrolysis of molten lead bromide is carried out in Hoffmans Voltmeter.
v) Hydrogen chloride gas is collected by upward displacement of water.

e] Distinguish between the following with respect to the characteristic stated : [5]
Distinguish Between Characteristic
i) Sodium atom and Sodium ion Reaction with water
ii) Calcination and Roasting Example of an ore
iii) Copper cation and Calcium cation Flame test
iv) Hygroscopic substance and Deliquescent Definition
substance
v) Conductors and Electrolytes Carriers of Electric current.

f] i)In the laboratory preparation of hydrogen chloride gas, why is the gas not collected
over water ? [1]
ii) Name a lead compound that can oxidize hydrogen chloride to
chlorine. [1]
i) Name the gas evolved when :- [3]
1. Ammonia is added in excess to Chlorine.
2. Dilute Sulphuric acid is treated with Sodium Sulphide.
3. Potassium nitrate is heated.
g] i) Determine the number of molecules in a drop of water that weighs 0.09g. [2]
ii) Match the atomic numbers (4, 8, 14, 15, 19) with each of the following : [3]
1) A solid non metal of valency three.
76 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

2) A gas of valency two.


3) A metal of valency one.
SECTION II

(Attempt any four questions from this Section)


Question : 2
a] A metal article is to be electroplated with Silver. The electrolyte selected is Sodium
Argentocyanide.: [5]
i) What kind of salt is Sodium argentocyanide?
ii) Why is it preferred to Silver nitrate as an electrolyte?
iii) State one condition to ensure that the deposition is smooth, firm and long lasting
iv) Write the reaction taking place at cathode
v) Write the reaction taking place at anode.
b] Manganese (IV) oxide, Red lead and lead (IV) oxide react with concentrated
Hydrochloric Acid to liberate Chlorine gas. [3]
i) State one common property shown by these metal oxides.
ii) Write the balanced chemical equation for the reaction of Hydrochloric acid with
red lead.
iii) What kind of compound can be added to the bleaching powder to obtain Chlorine?

c] State the purpose of using a funnel while preparing hydrochloric acid from Hydrogen
Chloride gas. [2]

Question : 3

a] Some methods used for the laboratory preparation of salts are: [5]
A. Carbonate + acid
B. metal + acid
C. titration
D. precipitation
E. direct combination
State the methods of preparation, i.e. A, B, C, D or E for each of the following salts:
i) Sodium sulphate
ii) lead chloride
iii) Iron (II) sulphate
iv) Silver chloride
v) Copper sulphate

b] Write balanced chemical equations for the following conversions: [3]


i) Ethanoic acid to Sodium ethanoate.
ii) Chloroform to Carbonterachloride
iii) Methanol to Dimethyl ether.
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 77

c] Calculate the number of moles present in : [2]


i) 20 gm of calcium carbonate
ii) 2 1023 molecules of carbon monoxide.
(Ca = 40, C = 12, O = 16)

Question : 4
a] Answer the following with respect to the extraction of Aluminium: [5]
i) Which solution is used to react with bauxite as a first step in obtaining pure
aluminium oxide?
ii) The Aluminium oxide for the electrolytic extraction of Aluminium is obtained by
heating Aluminium hydroxide. Write the balanced chemical equation for the
reaction.
iii) In the electrolytic reduction of Aluminium oxide, graphite anodes are continuously
replaced. Explain.
iv) State the use of cryolite in the Hall Heurolts process.
v) Give the equation for the reaction at anode when Aluminium is purified by
electrolysis.

b] Calculate the vapour density and molecular mass of Carbon dioxide if 200ml of gas at
S.T.P Weighs 0.40g. [Given 1L of H2 at S.T.P. weighs 0.09g] [3]
c] List the properties of Ammonia that make it [2]
i) A good refrigerant. ii) A cleansing agent.

Question : 5
a] Which property of concentrated Sulphuric acid is made use of in each of the
following Cases?
Give balanced chemical equations for the reaction in each case. [4]
i) In preparation of Nitric acid, when it reacts with Potassium nitrate.
ii) In preparation of Carbon monoxide gas from Formic acid.
b] Copy and complete the following table related to the important industrial process
[3]
Name of the Inputs Catalyst Equation for Output
process Catalytic Reaction
Ammonia + air Nitric acid

c] Acids dissolve in water to form a positively charged ion. Draw electron dot diagram
for the formation of these positive ions. [3]
Question : 6
a] A sample of ammonium nitrate when heated yields 8.96 litres of steam.
(measured at S.T.P)
NH4NO3 N2O + 2H2O
i) What volume of dinitrogen oxide is produced at the same time as 8.96 litres of
steam. [1]
78 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

ii) What mass of Ammonium nitrate should be heated to produce 8.96 litres of steam?
(given at. Wt of N =14, O =16, H =1) [2]
iii) Determine the percentage of Oxygen in Ammonium nitrate [2]

b] Draw the structural formula for the following Organic compounds. [2]
i) Vinegar ii) 2-Methyl 1-butene
iii) Marsh gas iv) Neo-pentane

c] The dilution of concentrated acids is done only by addition of acid to water.


Explain. [1]

Question : 7

a] With reference to the first three periods of the modern periodic table, answer the
questions given below : [4]
i) How many electrons are present in the valence shell of the element with atomic
number 18?
ii) State the position of Silicon in the modern periodic table.
iii) Name the element that has highest ionization potential in the second period.
iv) Arrange the elements of first group in the increasing order of metallic character.

b] Calculate the volume of Oxygen required to burn completely a mixture of 22.4dm3 of


CH4 and 11.2 dm3 of H2. (all volumes measured of S.T.P.).
Given at wt. C = 12, H = 1, O = 16 [4]

c] Write balance chemical equations for the following conversions [2]


Mg Mg3N2 NH3
A B
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 79

PAPER 7 Marks : 80
I.C.S.E. - X CHEMISTRY Time Allowed : 2 Hrs.
SECTION I
(Attempt all questions)
Question : 1

a] Choose the correct option : [10]


i) Which of the following is a common characteristic of a covalent compound?
a) High melting point.
b) Conducts electricity when it is in the molten state.
c) Consists of molecules
d) Always soluble in water
ii) Ammonium hydroxide will produce a reddish brown precipitate when added to a
solution of:
a) CuSO4 b) FeSO4 c) Fe2(SO4)3 d) CuCl2
iii) A salt which in solution gives a bluish white precipitate with NaOH solution and a
white ppt with BaCl2 solution is:
a) CuSO4 b) FeSO4 c) Fe2(SO4)3 d) Al2(SO4)3
iv) The gas law which relates the volume of a gas to the moles of the gas is:
a) Avogadross Law b) Gay-Lussacs Law
c) Boyles Law d) Charles Law
v) During the electrolysis of acidified water, which of the following takes place:
a) Oxygen is released at the cathode
b) Oxygen id released at the anode
c) Hydrogen is released at the anode
d) Sulphur dioxide id released at the anode.
vi) Duralumin is an alloy of:
a) Al and Cu b) Cu and Sn c) Al and Ag d) Al and Fe
vii) Hydrogen chloride can be obtained by adding concentrated sulphuric acid to:
a) NaCl b) Na2SO4 c) Na2CO3 d) NaHCO3
viii) Which of the following reactions give copper as a product:
a) Passing dry ammonia over heated copper oxide.
b) Adding dilute hydrochloric acid to copper oxide.
c) Heating copper oxide.
d) Passing oxygen over heated copper oxide.
ix) Formation of chloroform from methane and chlorine is an example of:
a) Addition b) Dehydration c) Substitution d) Elimination
x) When a metal atom becomes an ion:
a) Loses electrons and is oxidised
b) It gains electrons and is reduced
c) It gains electrons and is oxidised
d) It loses electrons and is reduced
80 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

b] Identity the substances P, Q, R, S and T in each case based on the information


given below: [5]
i) The deliquescent salt P, turns yellow on dissolving in water and gives a reddish
brown precipitate with sodium hydroxide solution.
ii) The white crystalline solid Q is soluble in water. It liberates a pungent smelling gas
when heated with sodium hydroxide solution.
iii) The pale green solid R turns reddish brown on heating. Its aqueous solution gives
a white precipitate with barium chloride.
iv) The reddish brown liquid S is dissolved in water. When ethyne gas is passed
through it, it turns colourless.
v) The nitrate T does not leave any residue on heating.

c] The element of one short period of the Periodic Table are given below in order
from left to right: [5]
Li Be B C O F Ne
i) To which period do these elements belong?
ii) One element of this period is missing. Which is the missing element and where
should it be placed?
iii) Which one of the elements in this period shows the property of catenation?
iv) Place the three elements fluorine, beryllium and nitrogen in the order of increasing
electro negativity.

d] i) Define what you mean by one mole of a substance. [1]


ii) Calculate the mass of 0.4 moles of water (O = 16, H = 1) [2]
iii) Calculate the volume occupied by 8 gms of sulphur dioxide (SO2) at s.t.p.
(S = 32, O = 16) [2]

e] Name the following. [5]


i) Second member of alkene series
ii) First member of alkane series
iii) Third member of aldehyde series
iv) Second member of carboxylic acid
v) Fourth member of alcohol series

f] Write balanced chemical equations for the following reactions. [5]


i) Potassium hydrogen carbonate and dilute sulphuric acid.
ii) Copper oxide and dilute Hydrochloric acid
iii) Manganese dioxide and concentrated Hydrochloric acid.
iv) Sulphur and hot concentrated Nitric acid
v) Sodium nitrate and concentrated Sulphuric acid.
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 81

g] Choosing the correct words given in brackets, complete the sentences given below:
[5]
i) An acid is a compound which, when dissolved in water, gives ________ (hydrogen /
negative) ions as the only _______ (positive / negative) ions.
ii) Electrolysis is the passage of ________ (electricity / electrons) through a liquid or a
solution accompanied by a _________ (physical / chemical) change.
iii) The number of atoms present in one molecule of an element is called ________
(acidity / atomicity)

SECTION II

(Attempt any four questions from this Section)


Question : 2
a] Give the I.U.P.A.C names of the following compounds numbered (i) to (v) [5]
H
|
i) H C C C H
|
H

H H H H H
| | | | |
ii) H C C C C C H
| | | | |
H H OH H H

iii)

H O
| ||
iv) H C C
| |
H OH

H H
| |
v) H C C H
| |
Cl Cl

b] The following is an extract form Metals in the Service of Man, Alexander and
Street/Pelican 1976: [5]
Alumina (aluminium oxide) has a very high melting point of over 2000C so that it
cannot readily be liquefied. However, conversion of alumina to aluminium and oxygen,
by electrolysis, can occur when it is dissolved in some other substance.

i) Which solution is used to react with bauxite as a first step in obtaining pure
aluminium oxide?
ii) The aluminium oxide for the electrolytic extraction of aluminium is obtained by
heating aluminium hydroxide. Write the equation for this reaction.
82 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

iii) Name the element which serves both as the anode and the cathode in the
extraction of aluminium.
iv) Write the equation for the reaction that occurs at the cathode during the extraction
of aluminium by electrolysis.
v) Give the equation for the reaction which occurs at the anode when aluminium is
purified by electrolysis.

Question : 3

a] The atomic number of three elements A, B and C are given below: [5]
[A = 5, B = 7 and C = 10]
i) Which element belongs to the Zero group?
ii) Which element belongs to group 5?
iii) Which element belongs to group 3?
iv) To which period do these elements belong?
v) What is the formula of the compound formed between the reactive elements out of
A, B and C?

b] i) Calculate the percentage of sodium in sodium aluminium fluoride (Na3 AlF6)correct


to the nearest whole number. (F = 19, Na = 23, Al = 27) [2]
ii) 560 ml of carbon monoxide is mixed with 500 ml of oxygen and ignited. The
chemical equation for the reaction is as follows: [3]
2CO + O2 2CO2
Calculate the volume of oxygen used and carbon dioxide formed in the above
reaction.

Question : 4
a] Mention the colour changes observed when the following indicators are added to
acids: [3]
i) Alkaline phenolphthalein solution
ii) Methyl Orange Solution
iii) Neutral blue litmus solutioin.

b] i) Draw an electron dot diagram of a hydronium ion and label the lone pair of
electrons. [2]
c] Name the following: (Do not repeat answers) [5]
i) a metal which is a liquid at room temperature.
ii) non-metal which is a conductor of electricity
iii) Neutral oxide
iv) Metallic oxide which cannot be reduced by hydrogen.
v) Non-metal which has lustre
Chemistry (I.C.S.E. X) 83

Question : 5
a] Some methods used for the laboratory preparation of salts are: [5]
metal + acid
i) carbonate + acid
ii) precipitation (double decomposition)
iii) direct combination
iv) titration

Copy and complete the following table: (Do not repeat any answer)
No. Salt Method of Preparation
(i) Ammonium Sulphate
(ii) Calcium carbonate
(iii) Iron (III) Chloride
(iv) Lead Nitrate
(v) Zinc Sulphate

b] How will you convert: (Only chemical equations with conditions required) [5]
i) methane to methanol
ii) ethyne from calcium carbide
iii) ethyne to ethane
iv) methanol to methanoic acid
v) Methane to chloromethane

Question : 6
a] A, B, C and D summarize the properties of Sulphuric acid depending on whether it is
dilute or concentrated. Choose the property (A, B, C and D), depending on which is
relevant to each of the preparation (i) to (iii) [3]
A) Dilute acid (typical acid properties)
B) Non-Volatile acid
C) Oxidising agent
D) Dehydrating agent

i) Preparation of Hydorgen Chloride


ii) Preparation of ethane from ethanol
iii) Preparation of Copper Sulphate from Copper Oxide
84 Practice Papers studiesmadesimple TM

b] Match the metal/alloy in the first list with their use in the second list. [4]
Metal / Alloy Uses
(a) Zinc (1) Steel Making
(b) Lead (2) Galvanising
(c) Iron (3) Screws
(d) Brass (4) Radiation Shield

c] Name the constituents of: [3]


i) Duralumin
ii) Solder
iii) Bronze

Question : 7

a] i) Dilute Nitric acid is generally considered a typical acid except for its reaction with
metals. In what way is dilute Nitric acid different from other acids when it reacts
with metals? [3]
ii) Write the equation for the reactions of Dilute Nitric acid with Copper. [1]
iii) Account for the yellow colour that appears in concentrated Nitric acid when it is left
standing in an ordinary glass bottle. [2]

b] Choose A, B, C and D to match the descriptions (i) to (iv) below [4]


A) Strong electrolyte
B) Metallic conductor
C) Non-electrolyte
D) Weak electrolyte

i) Molten ionic compound


ii) Sugar Solution with sugar molecules and water molecules.
iii) An Aluminium wire
iv) A solution containing solvent molecules, solute molecules and ions formed by the
dissociation of solute molecule.