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Sreedhar Kanduri
Alec Thomson
HIST134 112327


The existence of our ancestors in the past makes the current world to thirst for the ancient

knowledge which has been the foundation of the present era and still helpful in solving

todays contemporary problems. For the current world to reach out for solutions to various

problems, the current society should face an understanding of the ways in which problems

build up and the way in which our elders approached those issues in the ancient world and

put into consideration. Its important that we learn our individual and collective past so that

we can appreciate where we have come from, our present and how the future is going to be.

Experiences of past lessons can influence us positively for better political, economical, social

and environmental actions, we are likely to undertake today. Learning about the past enables

us to understand how and why our ancestors lived the way they did, the changes that have

taken place since then and the reasons behind such changes. The todays society learns about

the past so as to have a richer and broader understanding of the todays world and our

position in it (Rhonheimer, 2005).

The ancient laws and ethics were formulated by wise men, who had taken thought of the

future and purposed to shape their society for todays world. These wise elders were not just

mere people formulating law and ethical standards of the ancient society because they were

idle, but they knew what they were doing and thats why their work is still relevant in the

todays world and still will be relevant in generations to come. From past law/ ethics people

are able to learn how they can control their actions and be better in what they do. People can

learn that human follies, idiocy and hubris can land them into troubles and the magnitude of

the repercussions they are likely to encounter from their unlawful actions.
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In the ancient world, their existed legal chains of command, and there was the supreme

person with the greatest authority in the chain. The chain of command had the mandate to

maintain law and order in the ancient society by executing the laws they formulated and the

code of standards which was acceptable in the society. The elders in this chain were the

lawgivers and every member of the society was obliged to avoid violating the code of

behavior otherwise a sanction would be imposed on the person for disobedience. From the

ancient law/ethics, I learn that although there may be a significant difference between the

modern law/ethics and the ancient codes of behavior, theres much in modern law practices

which are intimately connected to the olden laws/ethics. Just as the ancient ancestors

executed and observed the law/ethics, our modern societies are governed by laws/ethics

which should be observed failure to which a punishment is given. This teaches me to be

responsible and accountable in my actions and the decisions I make on daily basis. With this

in mind Ill maintain peace and order in my society and make my society better even for the

future generation. Thats why the study of history is very important because it promotes our

moral understanding of the society we live in (Massimo, 2015).

Our ancestors law/ethics was more concerned with the things that would make life good for

everyone in the society. The ancient law/ethics was more directed on what could make people

live a good life, and be honorable people through behaving in accordance with the existing

ethical standards. The happiness of a person would be another persons goal in the ancient

times and this would be achieved by making sure that a person didnt offend another in any

manner. This meant observing the law and order imposed by the ancient elders so that a

peaceful coexistence would be achieved in the society. This ancient way of life teaches me

that maintaining law and order and living up to the ethical standards of my society promotes

peace in the society and eventually in the whole country. This leave the authority responsible
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for executing law and order in the country have easy time at work since the society is acting

responsibly. The study of history therefore builds us to be better citizens (Eisler, 2008).

During the ancient times, there were people who were selected as lawmakers on behalf of the

entire society. They could formulate laws and morals to govern the ancient society. The

society in return was expected to show respect to the chain of command and the laws/morals

of the land. Violation of those laws/morals would lead to repercussions. Violators of the

law/morals would be brought before the authority to justify themselves and if found guilty

they would be punishment. The modern government works more or less the same as the

ancient society. The current world has legislators who make laws to govern the society.

Citizens are therefore expected to be respectful to the authority as well as the laws of the

land. Breaking the law calls for punishment for ones actions. The ancient history has shaped

me and made me a responsible citizen, since I know my role as a citizen as well as the role of

my countrys government. I always take ownership of my actions bearing in mind that

violation of the law would result to punishment and also the lawmakers ought to be respected.

The study of history is very vital for it helps us respect authority, cultures, leaders, and people

in general (Jefferson, 2014).


Eisler, R. (2008). http://www.iep.utm.edu/anci-mod/. Modern law and Ancient morality .

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Jefferson, G. (2014). https://americanhumanist.org/what-is-humanism/human-basis-laws-

ethics/. The Human Basis Of Laws And Ethics .

Masimmo, V. (2015). https://howtobeastoic.wordpress.com/2015/09/17/ancient-vs-modern-

ethics-a-comparison/. Ancient vs modern ethics: a comparison .

Rhonheimer, M. (2005). blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2010/06/08/the-basis-

for-our-laws/#.WQT-ZVZr_IU. The Natural Law Tradition in Ethics .