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University of Calcutta
in Problems QUESTION: (http://physicscosmos.com/index/university-
of-calcutta/) (38)
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/ A particle of spin
1
and magnetic moment is placed in a
2
physics-
uniform magnetic field (Bet , 0, 0) when B and > 0 constant. If
solution/),
at time t=0 the electron is certainly +
1
, show that after a very stream
2
Quantum
long time the probability of a transition to a state with z-component of (https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts/YgooameXF7S
Mechanics
1 2 B Solution added to the library
(http://physicsc spin
2
is sin (

) .
(https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts/Gj1ft6dn7LJ)
osmos.com/index/
(https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts/QWUYX3FakRs
quantum- SOLUTION:
(https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts/QUdPZ9vDGd4
mechanics/),
(https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts/Mg17iDRJeoe)
University of The Hamiltonian
(https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts/QZkmp2qHu4P
Calcutta
(https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts/1xkF6BRxmK1)
(http://physicsc
H = H 0 (x, p, t) ( B )
(https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts/De5yBhqYzuw
osmos.com/index/
For Solved Problems in Physics , u can visit
university-of-

w w w .physicscosmos.com
calcutta/) Schrodinger equation; i = H
t
(https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts/Xneck6r9LTj)
Leave a comment new ly developed
where we assume
(http://physicsc (https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts/JuKgE47V9Am
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View All
quantum-
(https://plus.google.com/100401543303622061827/posts)
mechanics-
27/#respond)
Cloud
Then

Separating the spin part,

Disclaimer
t
we have B = x Be
The Solution and information given on
www.physicscosmos.com do not guaranty
the correctness or completeness of the
information or solution for a particular
purpose.physicscosmos.com disclaims any
kind of responsibility regarding any loss or

i + = Be
t
( ) damage due to use of material provided
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t advertisement in the website. We disclaims
i = Be ( + )
every responsibility for any loss or damage
due to the content of advertising.Most of the
Adding and subtracting = +
questions are taken from different

t examinations and here used for educational


i + = Be +
purpose only. Any confusion, suggestion or
corrections are cordially invited and email us
t
i = +Be
to admin@physicscosmos.com.

solving we get

at
log
= A (B )(1 )
1 at
log = A (B )(1 e )
i

1
we have at t=0, =
2

1
as electron has spin +
2
.
2

Therefore

1
B
2
(t) t= = 1
i sin( )

2

So the probabilities after a long time electron will have spin down
2 2 B
component is | ()| = sin (

)

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in CSIR UGC NET QUESTION:


(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/ An electron in a region with uniform magnetic field along z- axis
net-2/),
^
B = Bz . Find (a) the commutation [ x , y ] where
Problems e e
x = px
c
A x y = py
c
Ay . By comparing the Hamiltonian
(http://physicsc
of the problem and the commutation relation in (a) with that of the 1-
osmos.com/index/
dimensional harmonic oscillator, show that the energy levels are
physics- 2 2
k eB 1
E k,n = + ( )(n + ) n = 0, 1, 2, . . .
solution/), 2m mc 2

Quantum
Mechanics SOLUTION:
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/ Since B = (0, 0, B)
quantum- so we can easily see
mechanics/),
B
University of Ax = y
2
Calcutta
(http://physicsc B
Ay = x
2
osmos.com/index/
university-of-
Az = 0
calcutta/)

Leave a comment Then


(http://physicsc
e B
osmos.com/index/ x = px +
c 2
y

quantum-
mechanics- and
26/#respond)
e B
y = py x
c 2

eB eB eB eB
[ x, y ] = [px + y, py x] = [y, py ] + [x, px]
2c 2c 2c 2c

eB
= i
c

x
Hence [ , y ] = i
eB
( )
c

write it as [X, P x ] = i ,

x
so X =
eB

y = px

1 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
H = ( x + y + z ) = x + y + pz
2m 2m 2m 2m

as A z = 0.

2 2 2 2
px eB 1 2 k
Then H =
2m
+ (
c
)
2m
X +
2m
E

z
= k
pz = k

2 2
1 2 1 2 2 k
H = px + m X +
2m 2 2m

eB
=
mc

The first part is harmonic oscillator.

Therefore,

2 2 2 2
k 1 h k eB 1
E = + (n + ) = + (n + )
2m 2 2m mc 2

n=0,1,2,...

Ref:

1. Link 1 (http://hitoshi.berkeley.edu/221a/landau.pdf)

2. Link 2 (http://homepages.physik.uni-
muenchen.de/~stefan.kehrein/teaching/MesoPhysikSoSe201
1/assets/Sol03_Landau_levels.pdf)

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osmos.com/index/
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in GATE QUESTION:
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/
gate/), Problems
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/
physics-
solution/),
Quantum
Mechanics (http://physicscosmos.com/index/wp-
(http://physicsc content/uploads/2013/05/gate_2007_qm.gif)
osmos.com/index/ GATE, 2007
quantum-
mechanics/) SOLUTION:

Leave a comment 1 2 2
V (x) = m x
(http://physicsc 2

osmos.com/index/ 2
ax
quantum- For lst excited state, (x) = xe

mechanics-
3
25/#respond) E1 =
2

d 2 2
ax 2 a x
= e 2a x e
dx

2
d 2
2 3 a x
2
= (4a x 6ax)e
dx

2
d 2m
2
+ 2
[E V ] = 0
dx

2 2 2 2
2 3 ax 2m 3 m x ax
(4a x 6ax)e + 2
[ ]x e = 0
2 2

2 2
2 m
4a 2
= 0

3m
6a = 0

m
Hence a =
2

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in Problems QUESTION:
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/ A spin-1/2 particle is in a state described by the spinor
physics- 1 + i
= A( ) where A is a normalization constant. The
solution/), 2
Quantum
probability of finding the particle with spin projection Sz = is
2
Mechanics
(http://physicsc
(A) 1/6
osmos.com/index/
quantum-
(B) 1/3
mechanics/),
University of
(C) 1/2
Calcutta
(http://physicsc
(D) 2/3
osmos.com/index/
university-of-
(E) 1
calcutta/)

Leave a comment SOLUTION:


(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/ Normalizing , 2 |3 = 1

quantum-
mechanics- 1 + i 2
( 1 i 2 )( )|A| = 1
24/#respond) 2

1
So, A =
6

1 1 + i
Now = ( )
6 2

1
The probability of finding the particle in Sz =
2

is

2
2 4 2
( ) = =
6 6 3

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in Problems QUESTION:
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/ An clectron is confined in the grond state of a one-dimensional

physics-
2x3)
2 10
solution/),
S.H.O such that (x = 10 m. Find the engery (in
Quantum eV) required to excite it to its first excited state.
Mechanics
(http://physicsc SOLUTION:
osmos.com/index/
quantum- From Virial theorem
mechanics/),
University of 2T 3 = 2V 3
Calcutta
(http://physicsc E0 = 2H 3 = 2T 3 + 2V 3 = 22V 3
osmos.com/index/
university-of- 2 2
= mw x
calcutta/)
1 2 2
Leave a comment 2
= m x

(http://physicsc

osmos.com/index/ =
2
2mx
quantum-
mechanics-
10
23/#respond) therefore x = 10
2
m

2 2 2

&
c
E = = =
2 2 2
2 me x 2m c x

=3.8eV

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in GATE QUESTION:
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/
gate/), Problems
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/
physics-
solution/),
Quantum
Mechanics
(http://physicscosmos.com/index/wp-
(http://physicsc
content/uploads/2013/05/gate_2012_qm.gif)
osmos.com/index/
quantum- GATE, 2012

mechanics/)
SOLUTION:
Leave a comment
(http://physicsc

Total Hamiltonian, H = H0 + H
osmos.com/index/
Therefore
quantum-
mechanics-
1 +
22/#respond) H = ( )
1 +

Diagonalizing the matrix we get the eigen values 1 and 1 + 2

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osmos.com/index/
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in GATE QUESTION:
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/
gate/), Problems
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/
physics-
solution/),
Quantum
(http://physicscosmos.com/index/wp-
Mechanics
content/uploads/2013/05/gate_2010_qm_210q.gif)
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/ GATE, 2010

quantum-
mechanics/) SOLUTION:

Leave a comment
2sm|S x |sm3
2

(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/
2sm|S 3
2 2 2
S S |sm
quantum- y z

mechanics-
2S m|S 3 2S m| S y |S m3 2S m| S z |S m3
2 2 2
|S m
21/#respond)

2
2
S(S+1 ) m
2

0
2 2

2
2
[S (s + 1) m ]
2

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in JAM QUESTION:
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/
jam/), Problems
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/
physics-
solution/),
Quantum
Mechanics (http://physicscosmos.com/index/wp-
(http://physicsc content/uploads/2013/05/jam_2011_qm_100q.gif)
osmos.com/index/
IIT JAM 2011
quantum-
mechanics/)
SOLUTION:
Leave a comment
15 1 15 1
(http://physicsc E = 90V /m[sin(6.28 10 s )t + sin(12.56 10 s )t]

osmos.com/index/ and work function, 0 = 2.0eV .


quantum-
mechanics- Here light contains two different frequencies. Maximum K.E
20/#respond) corresponds to larger frequency.

K. E max = 0 .
1 5
4.1410 15
= [( ). 12.56 10 2.0]eV = 6.28eV
2

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in Problems QUESTION:
(http://physicsc
osmos.com/index/ By useing variational principle, estimate the ground state energy of a
physics- particle moving in a potential V given by
solution/),
Quantum V = for x < 0

Mechanics
(http://physicsc = Cx for x > 0 ,C = constant.

osmos.com/index/
quantum- The trial wavefunctionn = xe
ax
,a=variational parameter.
mechanics/),
University of SOLUTION:
Calcutta
(http://physicsc Here V = for x < 0

osmos.com/index/ So = 0 for x < 0


university-of-
calcutta/) = xe
ax
for x > 0

Leave a comment
H dx
0

(http://physicsc E =
dx
0

osmos.com/index/
quantum- 2 2
ax d ax
xe { +Cx} xe dx
mechanics- 0 2m
dx
2

=
19/#respond)
0
x e
2 2 ax
dx

2 2
a 3C
E = +
2m 2a

E
= 0
a
1
3cm
gives a = ( 2
) 3

use this value of a in the expression for E,


1
1
2 3
9 2 c 3

E = .( )
4 3m

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